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Merck Chemicals / Basic Information GHS

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GHS Information
October 2008
Merck Chemicals / Basic Information GHS
GHS Overview (page 1)
The UN-developed system GHS stands for
Globally Harmonized System of Classication and Labelling of Chemicals.
With GHS, globally harmonized criteria have been created for the classication
and labelling of chemicals. GHS wants to ensure internationally comparable high
standards for health and consumer protection, occupational health and safety,
and environmental protection.
GHS regulates ...
criteria for the classication of physical, toxicological, and
environmental relevant properties ...
classication and labeling ...
harmonised hazard communication ...
(e.g. harmonised label statements and harmonized safety data sheets)
... of chemicals.
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GHS Information
October 2008
Merck Chemicals / Basic Information GHS
GHS Overview (page 2)
GHS affects manufacturers, suppliers, and users of chemicals

The global implementation of GHS should take place during 2008.
The registration phase of REACH, the uniform chemical law applicable within
the EU, also begins in 2008.
Because of the numerous interconnections between GHS and REACH,
the European Commission has scheduled the implementation of
the two regulations to follow each another in quick succession.
The implementation of GHS is progressing at different paces around the world. In
many Asian countries, for example, GHS has already been introduced.
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GHS Information
October 2008
Merck Chemicals / Basic Information GHS
What must be done?
The conversion to GHS has signicant effects on the handling of chemicals.
All products have to be checked to be in line with the requirements of GHS.
Within the transition periods,
labelling shall be adapted to the new requirements.
safety data sheets shall be correspondingly changed.
All substances which meet the criteria for classication as hazardous and are placed
on the market shall be notied to the European Chemicals Agency (ECHA) for inclusion
in the classication and labelling inventory.
More information is available on the Internet at www.merck-chemicals.com page 4
GHS Information
October 2008
Merck Chemicals / Basic Information GHS
The Timeline
The implementation timeline provides the following critical milestones:
On January 1, 2009, GHS enters into force
By December 1, 2010, all substances shall be classied and labelled
in accordance with GHS criteria
By June 1, 2015, all mixtures shall be classied and labelled
in accordance with GHS criteria
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GHS Information
October 2008
Merck Chemicals / Basic Information GHS
What essential changes does GHS involve?
GHS introduces globally harmonized criteria for the classication
of physical, toxicological, and environmental relevant properties.
GHS establishes globally harmonized criteria for hazard communication. In the
overview, this relates to the introduction of new or modied:
hazard classes,
hazard categories,
hazard pictograms,
signal words,
hazard statements,
precautionary statements.
GHS offers the opportunity to bring product safety to a high level all over the world.
GHS will thus contribute to improving measures for protecting human health
and the environment on a global scale.
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GHS Information
October 2008
Merck Chemicals / Basic Information GHS
New Labelling Elements
Signal word
The signal word on the label gives information
about the relative hazard level of a substance
or mixture and alerts the reader to a
potential hazard.
Hazard pictogram
Square set on a point,
Red border,
White background,
Black symbols.
Danger
Warning
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GHS Information
October 2008
Merck Chemicals / Basic Information GHS
New pictograms the most striking GHS feature
Physical Hazards
Health Hazards Env. hazards
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GHS Information
October 2008
Merck Chemicals / Basic Information GHS
Hazard statements, denition and coding
A hazard statement is a phrase, assigned to a hazard class and category that describes
the nature / intrinsic property of a hazardous product as well as the hazard level.
Hazard statement group
2 Physical hazards
3 hazards
4 al hazards
Hazard statement H300 Fatal if swallowed
Sequence in the group
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GHS Information
October 2008
Merck Chemicals / Basic Information GHS
Precautionary statements, denition and coding
A precautionary statement is a phrase (and/or pictogram) that describes the recommended
measures that should be taken to prevent / minimize adverse effects resulting from
exposure to a hazardous product.
Precautionary statement group
2 Prevention
3 Response
4 Storage
5 Disposal
Precautionary statement P 380 Evacuate area
Sequence in the group
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GHS Information
October 2008
Merck Chemicals / Basic Information GHS
The labelling must be adapted to the new regulations
Current Merck label
New Merck label
Labelling Elements:
Pictograms,
Symbols,
Signal words,
Hazard statements and
Precautionary statements.
More information is available on the Internet at www.merck-chemicals.com page 11
GHS Information
October 2008