Anda di halaman 1dari 2

A MW pyrolysis reactor setup is envisaged with two numbers of water jacketed condensers, two

liquid product collecting flasks, a pyrolysis gas scrubber and a venting point for the collection of
pyrolysis gas collection. The approimate specifications of the setup are mentioned in table
below.
The reactor is fed with a fied amount of plastic feed material into the quart! cavity of the
microwave system. "eactor internals will be required to be purged with nitrogen gas in order to
maintain an inert atmosphere, a pre#requisite for pyrolysis process. The reactor temperature will
be raised at a pre#determined controlled rate with the help of microwave heating till the
stipulated reaction temperature and will be maintained same till the product sei!es to come out of
reactor. The reaction temperature is monitored and controlled by adjusting the heating rate. The
process is conceived to operate at atmospheric pressure. Adequate care must be taken while
handing of the microwave oven chamber and all other associated internals so as to avoid direct
contact with them. The pyrolysis products leaving the reactor will pass through two water
cooled glass condensers getting collected in the bottom flasks. The incondensable gases, after the
cold traps, pass through a scrubber for collection of any aerosol, if any, before leaving the
system. These can be collected and analy!ed for detailed composition.
$pecifications of the proposed MW %yrolysis "eactor.
Sr. No. Parameter Specification
& Microwave distribution
system
Multiple magnetron with diffuser for
homogeneous microwave distribution
' Microwave %ower (.)*w, '()+ M,!
-. %yrolysis reactor
$ample holder
') . capacity, made of $$ -+(
) . capacity made of alumina.
(. /ondensers and material of
construction
Water cooled 0lass condensers with &.
capacity vessels for oil collection
). Metal to glass connector Teflon bellow to connect glass
condenser to gas outlet pipe
1. $afety interlock $afety interlocks are provided to
prevent microwave leakage
2. Microwave leakage .ess than ' mW3cm
'
at &' inches
distance from the MW chamber
4. Temperature measurement $pecially designed microwave compatible sensor
for temperature. Measurement. 5igital display of
temp.
6. /ontrol system. $equential control of power 783 799
for magnetrons through %./.
&+. /ooling system for magnetrons Air cooling with ehaust blower
&&. :nput power &) Amp, ((+ ;olt, - phase, )+ ,<
Following shown are two of typical microwave reactor systems as an example.
Typical laboratory scale Micro Wave %yrolysis "eactor $ystems
PYROLYSIS
GASES
WAVE
GUIDE
Nitroge
n
fowmet
er
Vent
gas
scrubbe
r
Liui!
con!ensin
g S"stem
Agitat
or
Nitroge
n #ent
Vent
gas
scrubbi
$icrowa
#e
c%amber