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UNIVERSITY OF KERALA

CIVIL ENGINEERING

SCHEME OF STUDIES AND EXAMINATION AND SYLLABUS FOR B. TECH DEGREE

III to VIII SEMESTERS 2003 SCHEME

Third Semester

University Exam. Course

No:

Subject Credit

L T

P/

D

Sessional

Marks Hrs. Marks

Total

Marks

03.301 Engineering Mathematics- II 4 3 1 - 50 3 100 150

03.302 Mechanics of Structures 4 3 1 - 50 3 100 150

03.303 Fluid Mechanics- I 4 3 1 - 50 3 100 150

03.304 Surveying I 4 3 1 - 50 3 100 150

03.305 Building Materials &

Construction

4 3 1 - 50 3 100 150

03.306 Engineering Geology 4 3 1 - 50 3 100 150

03.307 Building Drawing -I 3 - - 3 50 3 100 150

03.308 Survey Practical I 2 - - 2 50 3 100 150

Total 29 18 6 5 400 800 1200

Fourth Semester

University

Exam.

Course

No:

Subject

Credit L T P/D

Sessional

Marks

Hrs. Marks

Total

Marks

03.401 Engineering Mathematics - III 4 3 1 - 50 3 100 150

03.402 Humanities 3 3 0 - 50 3 100 150

03.403 Surveying II 5 3 2 - 50 3 100 150

03.404 Structural Analysis I 5 3 2 - 50 3 100 150

03.405 Fluid Mechanics II 4 3 1 - 50 3 100 150

03.406 Concrete Technology 4 3 1 - 50 3 100 150

03.407 Strength of Materials Lab. 2 - - 2 50 3 100 150

03.408 Fluid Mechanics Lab. 2 - - 2 50 3 100 150

Total 29 18 7 4 400 800 1200

Fifth Semester

University

Exam.

Course

No:

Subject

Credit L T P/D

Sessional

Marks

Hrs. Marks

Total

Marks

03.501 Engineering Mathematics -

IV

4 3 1 - 50 3 100 150

03.502 Structural Analysis II 5 3 2 - 50 3 100 150

03.503 Building Drawing II 4 - - 4 50 3 100 150

03.504 Housing, Architecture And

Planning.

4 3 1 - 50 3 100 150

03.505 Geotechnical Engineering I 4 3 1 - 50 3 100 150

03.506 Elective I 4 3 1 - 50 3 100 150

03.507 Survey Practical 2 - - 2 50 3 100 150

03.508 Concrete Lab

2 - - 2 50 3 100 150

Total 29

15 6 8 400 800 1200

198

Sixth Semester

University Exam. Course

No:

Subject Credit L T

P/

D

Sessional

Marks Hrs. Marks

Total

Marks

03.601 Reinforced Concrete

Structures

4 3 1 - 50 3 100 150

03.602 Programming and

Numerical Methods

4 2 - 2 50 3 100 150

03.603 Quantity surveying and

valuation

3 2 1 - 50 3 100 150

03.604 Geo-technical

Engineering II

4 3 1 - 50 3 100 150

03.605 Transportation

Engineering I

4 3 1 - 50 3 100 150

03.606 Elective II

4 3 1 - 50 3 100 150

03.607 Water resource

Engineering I

4 3 1 - 50 3 100 150

03.608 Geotechnical

Engineering Lab.

2 - - 2 50 3 100 150

Total 29 19 6 4 400 800 1200

Seventh Semester

University Exam. Course

No:

Subject Credits L T

P/

D

Sessional

Marks Hrs. Marks

Total

Marks

03.701 Design of steel

structures

4 3 1 - 50 3 100 150

03.702 Computer Method for

Structural Analysis

5 3 - 2 50 3 100 150

03.703 Design of Hydraulic

Structures

4 2 2 50 3 100 150

03.704 Transportation

Engineering II

4 3 1 - 50 3 100 150

03.705 Environmental

Engineering I

4 3 1 - 50 3 100 150

03.706 Elective III

4 3 1 - 50 3 100 150

03.707 Transportation Engg.

Lab.

2 - - 2 50 3 100 150

03.708 a) Seminar/ Project

b) Survey Camp

2 - - 2 50 50

Total 29 17 4 8 400 700 1100

Eighth Semester

University Exam. Course

No:

Subject Credit L T

P/

D

Sessional

Marks Hrs. Marks

Total

Marks

03 801 Design & Drawing of

Reinforced Concrete

Structures

4 2 - 2 50 3 100 150

03.802 Design & Drawing of Steel

Structures

4 2 - 2 50 3 100 150

03.803 Construction Management 4 3 1 - 50 3 100 150

03.804 Environmental Engineering

II

4 3 1 - 50 3 100 150

03.805 Elective IV

4 3 1 - 50 3 100 150

199

03.806 Elective V

4 3 1 - 50 3 100 150

03.807 Environmental Engineering

Lab.

2 - - 2 50 3 100 150

03.808 Project/ Viva/ Industrial

Visit

3 - - 3 100 3 50 150

Total 29 16 4 9 450 750 1200

List of ELECTIVES.

Elective I:- ( v

th

Semester )

03.506 .1 Advanced Surveying & Remote sensing

03.506.2 Advanced Surveying & GPS approach.

Elective II:- (VI

th

Semester )

03.606.1 Advanced Computational Method

03.606.2 Site Investigation and Soil Testing

03.606.3 Earth and Rock fill Dams

03.606.4 Open channel and Coastal Hydraulics

03.606.5 Modern Construction Materials

03.606.6 Wave Hydrodynamics.

Elective III :- ( VII

th

Semester )

03.706.1 Reinforced Earth

03.706.2 Deep Foundations

03.706.3 Theory of Elasticity

03.706.4 Air pollution Control

03.706.5 Traffic Engineering

03.706.6 Pre-Stressed Concrete

03.706.7 Design of Offshore Structures

03.706.9 Hydrology and Water Resources

03.706.8 Personnel Management

03.706.10 Introduction to Artificial Intelligence Methods

Elective IV :- ( VIII

th

Semester )

03.805.1 Ground water Engineering

03.805.2 Design of Port, Harbour & Coastal Structures.

03.805.3 Instrumentation for l Engineering Measurement

03.805.4 Advanced Foundation Engineering

03.805.5 Experimental Stress Analysis

03.805.6 Pavements

03.805.7 Finite Element Analysis.

Elective V :-

03.805.1 Special Foundations

03.805.2 Foundation on Expansive Soils

03.805.3 Industrial Water Pollution Control

03.805.4 Design of Bridges

03.805.5 Material Management

03.805.6 Transportation Planning

03.805.7 Optimisation Techniques in Engg.

03.806.8 Irrigation & Drainage Engineering

03.301 ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS-II 3-1-0-4

(Common to all branches)

Module 1

Ordinary Differential Equations

Differential equations of the first order and higher degree :Equations solvable for p-Equations solvable for x-

Equations solvable for y-Clairuts Equation.

Linear Diffirential Equations:Higher order with constant coefficients-Method of variation of parameters-

Homogeneous linear equations(Cauchys and Legenders )-

200

Simultaneous linear equations with constant coefficients.

Orthogonal Trajectories: Cartesian form only.

Module II

Fourier Series And Multiple Integrals

Fourier Series: Dirichlets conditions-Eulers Formula-Functions with periods 2 and 2l-Even and odd functions-

Half range sine and cosine series.

Multiple Integrals: Evaluation-Change of order of integration-Transformation to polar coordinates-Area as double

integral-Volume as triple integral (cartesian coordinates only).

Module III

Vector Calculus

Vector differentiation:Derivative of a vector function-Velocity and acceleration-Scalar and vector fields-Gradient-

Its geometrical interpretation-Directional derivative-Divergence and Curl-Their physical meaning-Relations

involving -Solenoidal and irrotational fields-Scalar potentials(simple problems).

Vector Integration:Line integral,surface integral and volume integral-work done by a force-Statement and

verification of Greens theorem,Stokes theorem and Gauss Divergence theorem-their use in evaluating the

integrals.

References:

1.Engineering Mathematics,Vol 2: S.S Sastry,Prentice Hall of India (P) Ltd

2.Higher Engineering Mathematics: B.S.Grewal,Khanna Publishers

3.Engineering Mathematics: Sarveswara Rao Koneru,Universities Press

4.Advanced Engineering Mathematics: Michael D.Greenberg,Pearson Education

Question paper

Duration 3 Hrs

The Question paper contains Part A and Part B, Part A carries 10 compulsory questions (short answer questions)

covering the entire syllabus and is for 40 marks. Part B is for 60 marks. There will be two questions from each

module . The candidate has to answer one question out of two.

03.302 MECHANICS OF STRUCTURES 3-1-0-4

Module 1

Concept of stress types of stress-normal stress and strain under uniaxial loading-modulus of elasticity and

Poissons ratio-Members of varying cross sections-temperature stresses-volume change and bulk modulus-Shear

stress and strain-relation among elastic constants Analysis of plane stress and plane strain-principal stress and

principal strain-Mohr circle representation of plane stress principal planes and principal stresses, Failure theories.

Module II

Bending moment & shear force of cantilever, simply supported and overhanging beams - Theory of simple bending-

assumptions-bending stress distribution-stress in composite beams-transformed section method beams of uniform

strength-stress in beams transmitting both S.F and B.M shear stress distribution.

Arches axial force, shear and moment in circular and parabolic three hinged arches.

Strain energy: - Strain energy due to normal stress shear stress and bending stress. Instantaneous stresses and strain

sue to suddenly applied and impact loading.

Module III

Stresses due to combined axial force and bending moment-short columns-core of section-pressure distribution of

dams and retaining walls.

Torsion of solid and hollow circular shaft-closed oil and open coiled helical springs stresses into thin walled

cylindrical and spherical pressure vessels-thick walled cylindrical pressure vessels-compound cylinders -wire wound

pipes.

References

1. Mechanics of structure Vol 1 & Vol II - J unarkar SB

2. Strength of Materials and Mechanics of structures- Punmia B.C

3. Mechanics of materials- Timoshenko & Gere

4. Strength of Materials - Nash W D

5. Introduction to Strength of Materials - Prakash Rao

6. Engineering Mechanics of Solids- Popove, 2/e, Pearson Education

7. Mechanics of Solids Mubeen, Pearson Education.

201

8. Strength of Materials- Pytel, 4/e, Pearson Education.

9. Strength of Materials L. S. Srinath, Prakash Desayi., Macmillan India Ltd.

Question paper

Duration 3 Hrs

The Question paper contains Part A and Part B, Part A carries 8 compulsory questions (short answer questions)

covering the entire syllabus and is for 40 marks. Part B is for 60 marks. There will be two questions from each

module. The candidate has to answer one question out of two.

Note: No charts, tables, codes are permitted in the Examination hall .If necessary relevant data shall be given along

with the question paper by the question paper setter.

03.303 FLUID MECHANICS I 3-1-0-4

Module I

Fluid properties: Classification of fluids Newtonian and Non Newtonian fluids, properties of liquids viscosity,

surface tension, capillarity, vapour pressure, compressibility and elasticity (problems based on these properties)

Fluid statics: Fluid pressure, variation of pressure in a fluid, atmospheric, absolute and gage pressure, measurement

of pressure using manometers-simple manometers, differential manometers, pressure measurement using

mechanical gages. Pressure head forces on immersed plane and curved surfaces. Pressure distribution diagram for

vertical surfaces, Practical application of total pressure Dams and gates.

Buoyancy and Flotation: Buoyant force, stability of floating and submerged bodies, metacentre and metacentric

height, analytical and experimental determination of metacentric height (Problems based on pressure measurements,

pressure forces on curved and plane surfaces, metacentric and buoyancy).

Module II

Kinematics of fluids: Methods of describing fluid motion, Lagrangian and Eulerian methods, Types of fluid flow,

steady and unsteady flow, uniform and non-uniform flow, one, two and three dimensional flow, laminar and

turbulent flow, rotational and irrotational flow, stream line, path line, streak lines, conservation of mass, equation of

continuity in one, two and three dimensions, (Derivation in cartesian co-ordinate system), acceleration of fluid

particle ,convective and local acceleration, circulation and vorticity, velocity potential, stream function,

equipotential lines, flow net, uses of flow net. (Problems based on kinematics).

Liquids in relative equilibrium: Fluid mass subjected to uniform linear acceleration, constant horizontal acceleration

and constant vertical acceleration ,fluid mass subjected to constant rotation. (Problems based on closed and open

containers subjected to these acceleration and rotation).

Factors influencing motion: Eulers equation of motion and integration of Eulers equation of motion along a

streamline, Bernoullis Equation, kinetic energy correction factor, vortex motion, free and forced vortex.

Applications of Bernoullis equation, Pitot tube, Venturimeter and orifice meter, momentum equation, Momentum

correction factor. (Problems on pitot tube and venturimeter).

Module III

Flow through orifices: Different types of orifices, Flow over a sharp edged orifice, Hydraulic coefficients

Experimental determination of these coefficients, flow through large rectangular orifice, Flow through submerged

orifices, flow under variable heads, time of emptying.

Flow through mouthpieces: Different types of energy losses (Loss due to sudden expansion, sudden contraction etc),

Types of mouthpieces, flow through an external mouthpiece, flow through convergent divergent mouthpiece, flow

through internal mouthpiece. (Problems based on orifices, mouthpieces and time of emptying).

Flow over weirs: Types of weirs, flow over rectangular sharp crested weir, Francis formula, Flow over a trapezoidal

weir, Cipolletti weir, broad crested weir, submerged weirs, proportional weir, time of emptying through weirs.

(Relevant problems).

Viscous flow: Laminar flow through circular pipes, Hagen Poiseuille equation, Reynolds experiment to classify

laminar and turbulent flows.

Pipe flow: Major and minor energy losses, Darcy- Weisbach equation, hydraulic gradient and total energy line, flow

through long pipes, pipes open to atmosphere, pipes in series, pipes in parallel, equivalent pipe, siphon, transmission

of power through pipes, nozzles and nozzle diameter for maximum power transmission.

References:

1. Hydraulics and Fluid Mechanics : P. N. Modi and S.M. Seth, S.B.H Publishers and Distributors, New Delhi

2. Elementary Fluid Mechanics: J ohn K. Vennard and Robert L.Street. J ohn Wiley and Sons, New York.

3. Fluid Mechanics: Streeter, V.L and Wylie, E.B. Mc Graw Hill Series.

4. Fluid Mechanics and Fluid Power Engineering: Dr. D. S. Kumar, S.K. Kataria & Sons, New Delhi.

202

5. Fluid Mechanics: A.K. J ain

6. Fluid Mechanics ; Douglas, 4/e Pearson Education

Question Paper:

The Question paper contains Part A and Part B, Part A carries 8 compulsory questions (short answer questions)

covering the entire syllabus and is for 40 marks. Part B is for 60 marks. There will be two questions from each

module. The candidate has to answer one question out of two.

Note: No charts, tables, codes are permitted in the Examination hall .If necessary relevant data shall be given along

with the question paper by the question paper setter.

03.304 SURVEYING I 3-1-0-4

Module I

Compass Surveying Prismatic Compass only Instruments Bearing of survey lines Method of booking

Magnetic dip and declination Local attraction Latitude and departure Traverse, adjustment of closing error by

different methods Traverse Computation Omitted measurements and area Computation from latitude and

departure.

Plane table Surveying Components of plane table equipment and their use Setting up of plane table, orientation,

leveling and centering method of plane tabling radiation, intersection, resection and traversing Two and three

point problems their practical application and methods of solution strength of fix Advantages and

disadvantages of plane table surveying errors in plane table precaution to be taken.

Module II

Levelling Principles of levelling Classification of levelling Gradient of a line- Pegging station at given gradient

Curvature and refraction Sensitiveness of bubble tube Spirit levelling, Profile levelling, Reciprocal levelling

cross sectioning. Permanent adjustment of level Difficulties in levelling errors in levelling

Contouring Contour interval Characteristics, method of contouring Contour gradient uses.

Module III

Volumes Methods of computations Prismoidal and Trapezoidal formula Prismoidal correction Curvature

corrections for volumes Pappu`s theorem.

Mass diagram Construction of mass diagram Characteristics of mass diagram- lead and lift Calculation of

reservoir capacity Uses of mass diagram.

Theodolite Surveying Instrument - various type principle Temporary and permanent adjustment- Measurement

of horizontal and vertical angles Field work of theodelite traversing errors in theodolite surveying.

References:

1. Plane and Geodetic surveying David Clark

2. Surveying and Levelling T.P.Kenetkar and S.V.Kulkarni

3. Surveying B.C.Punmia

4. A Text book of Surveying and Levelling R.Agor.

5. Surveying Vol. I S.K.Duggal, Tata Mc Graw Hill Ltd.

6. Surveying- Moffitt, 10/e Pearson Education.

Question Paper:

The Question paper contains Part A and Part B, Part A carries 8 compulsory questions (short answer questions)

covering the entire syllabus and is for 40 marks. Part B is for 60 marks. There will be two questions from each

module. The candidate has to answer one question out of two.

Note: No charts, tables, codes are permitted in the Examination hall .If necessary relevant data shall be given along

with the question paper by the question paper setter.

03. 305 BUILDING MATERIALS & CONSTRUCTION 3-1-0-4

Module I

Building Materials :

Building stones - requirements for a good building stone - proportion and uses of granite and laterite stones - Bricks

- Classifications dimensions as per ISS, strength requirements - different tests as per ISS.

Timber :- Characteristics of good timber- properties and uses - seasoning of timber, different methods for seasoning

of timber- common defects - treatment of timber - strength requirements - tests as per ISS - commonly used timber

for building construction.

Tiles :- Roofing tiles - specifications common tests as per ISS - flooring tiles

mosaic, marble and ceramic tiles, specifications - common tests as per ISS.

Reinforcing steel :- Common types used in construction. Mild steel rods and HYSD steels- properties and its uses-

203

strength requirements and test as per ISS, structural steel - different shapes - strength requirements -Applications in

buildings.

Aluminium alloy- properties and it uses- strength requirements.

Module III

Building Construction - Detailed discussion on Building bye - laws.

Foundation:- Factors affecting the selection of foundation. Raft foundation, pile foundation - different types and its

characteristics, machine foundation,

Masonry :- Dressing of stones, Stones masonry - Types of masonry

Brick masonry - Brick bond - English, Flemish bond 1, 1

1

/2, 2 brick walls, design of load bearing walls.

Doors, windows & ventilators of wood - panelled, glazed and flush types. Hinges, door handles, aldrop, padlock of

steel, aluminium and plastics

Arches and lintels: - Brick arches, R.C.C lintels and Sun Shades.

Stairs: - different types and its construction

Building finishes: -Plastering, white washing, colour washing, painting - ingredients of paints and its functions,

varnishing, decorative finishes, wall papers.

Module III

Modern construction materials:- properties/advantages and uses of modern building materials like glass, plastics

rubber, bituminous material, insulating and sound absorbing materials.

Construction equipments:- Standard types and special types. Earth moving equipments Excavators, Bulldozer,

Power shovels, Dumper, Rollers and Compactors. Crushers and accessories, Equipments used for the production of

concrete like batching plant, conveyor system etc.

References:-

1. Building Materials - Rangawala

2. Building Construction - Rangawala

3. Building Construction - Moorthy

4. Construction and Technology - J ah & Singha

5. Construction Technology - M. S. Shetty

6. Properties of Concrete - A.M. Nevelli , Pearson Education

7.Construction Planning & Methods- Peurifoy R. & Ledbetter W.B, MGH Publishers

Question Paper:

The Question paper contains Part A and Part B, Part A carries 10 compulsory questions

(short answer questions) covering the entire syllabus and is for 40 marks. Part B is for 60 marks.

There will be two questions from each module. The candidate has to answer one question out of two.

Note: No charts, tables, codes are permitted in the Examination hall .If necessary relevant data shall be given along

with the question paper by the question paper setter.

03.306 ENGINEERING GEOLOGY 3-1-0-4

Module I

Scope of Geology in Civil Engineering and scope of Geological Engineering Subdivisions of Geology. Exogenous

and Endogenous processes.

Brief study of the Interior of the Earth.

Basic concepts of Continental drift hypothesis and Plate tectonics theory.

WEATHERING : Factors , agents , types , products and engineering significance.

SOIL : Soil profile , classifications (Geologic and engineering) , Indian soils , Soil

erosion and Soil conservation measures.

RIVERS : Erosion , transportation and deposition. Major Erosional and Depositional Landforms

OCEANS : Coastal landforms , Marine erosion and Coastal protection.

GEOLOGICAL HAZARDS: Landslides Types , causes and prevention ; Landslides of Kerala Earthquakes

Terminology and classifications , Safety factor

Module II

Definition and physical properties of minerals.

Physical properties and Chemical composition of : Quartz , Feldspars (Orthoclase , microcline and plagioclase) ,

Micas ( Biotite and Muscovite) , Amphibole (Hornblende only) , Pyroxenes ( Augite and Hypersthene) , Olivine ,

Sillimanite , Garnet , Talc , Gypsum , Calcite , Dolomite , Clay minerals ( Kaolinite only )

Genetic divisions of rocks , rock cycle.

204

Brief account of texture , structure and classifications of igneous , sedimentary and metamorphic rocks. Brief study

of Granite , Gabbro , Dolerite , Basalt , Pegmatite, Sandstone , Limestone , Shale , Granulite , Gneiss , Schist , Slate

, Marble and Quartzite . Brief study of the rock types of Kerala . Engineering properties of rocks used as site rocks ,

building stones and aggregates

Module III

Attitude of rocks and Geological structures strike and dip , Brunton compass. Terminology ,classification and

engineering significance of Folds , Faults , J oints and Unconformities.

Major geological factors to be considered in the construction of Dams and Reservoirs , Tunnels , Building

foundations , Bridges and Transportation routes.

Principles of Geophysics in Electrical resistivity and Seismic methods.

Basic concepts of Remote sensing , Geographic Information Systems and Global Positioning Systems. Brief study

of IRS Programs.

References:

1 Text book of Remote sensing and Geographic Information Systems- Anji Reddy ( 2001 ), BS Publications.

2. Text book of Engineering Geology - Chenna Kesavulu ( 1993), Macmillan , India

3. Photogeology - Miller ( 1961 ) , Mc Graw Hill.

4. Engineering and General Geology - Parbin Singh ( 2001 ), Kataria and Sons.

5. Engineering Geology - Sathya Narayana Swami ( 2000 ) , Dhnpat Rai & Co.

6. Engineering Geology for Civil Engineers - Venkat Reddy ( 1995)- Oxford IBH.

Question Paper:

Duration: 3 hours

The question paper consists of Part A and Part B. Part A is for 40 marks. There will be 8 compulsory short answer

questions of 5 marks each covering entire syllabus.

Part B is for 60 marks. There will be two questions from each module. The candidate has to answer one question of

20 marks from each module.

Note: No charts, tables, codes are permitted in the Examination hall .If necessary relevant data shall be given along

with the question paper by the question paper setter.

03-307 BUILDING DRAWING - I 0-0-3-3

Module I

General Study of IS codes of practice on building drawing Scales Methods of dimensioning Symbols for

various materials and various types of Doors, Windows, Shutters.

Elements of Computer Aided Drawing-Lines-Curves-Geometric shapes-Text-Dimensioning

Brick Bond Plan, Sections and Elevations of 1, 1 1\2 and 2 Brick thick walls in English bond and Flemish bond-

Computer Aided Drawing

Doors, Windows And Ventilators Sectional plan, Sectional elevation, Front view and joint details of doors

Panelled, Glazed-Steel and Aluminium windows, Panelled wooden window, Ventilators.

Module II

Roofing - Elevation and joint details of lean-to roof, King post, Queen post trusses with A.C. and tile roofing Steel

(French) roof truss with A.C. sheet roofing

Stairs Plan and sectional elevation of RCC and wooden stairs Quarter turn Dog legged stairs.

Reference:

1 Building Drawing- Shaw and Kale, Tata McGraw Hill

2 Building Drawing and detailing- Balagopal T.S. Prabhu, , Spades

3 Manual of AutoCAD

Note: Minimum 10 sheets must be drawn and at least 2 computer print outs on brick bonds required.

University exam pattern:

Duration 3 hrs.

The question paper shall consist of two parts

Part A Compulsory 4 short answer questions covering the entire portion for 20 marks

Part B Two questions from each module, carrying 40 marks each. Students should answer one question in full

from each module

Note: No charts, tables, codes are permitted in the Examination hall .If necessary relevant data shall be given along

with the question paper by the question paper setter.

205

03.308 SURVEYING PRACTICAL (I) 0-0-2-2

Chain survey Study of instruments measurements of an area - 1 class.

Compass survey Measurements of bearings - 1 class.

Plane table survey Radiation, intersection, traversing - 4 class.

Levelling H.I. method Rise and fall method - 4 class.

Class test - 2 class

03.401 ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS-III 3-1-0-4

(Common to all branches)

Module 1: Partial Differential Equations

Formation of P.D.E-Solution by direct integration-solution of Lagranges linear equations-Nonlinear equations of

first order-Types f(p,q)=0,f(z,p,q)=0,f(x,p)=g(y,q)-

Homogeneous P.D.E with constant coefficients-solution by the method of separation of variables.

Module II: Application of partial differential Equations

Derivation of one dimensional wave equation-solution of the wave equation by the method of separation of variables

Boundary value problems involving wave equation-Derivation of one dimensional heat equation-solution by the

method of separation of variables-Problems with zero and nonzero boundary conditions-Solution of Laplace

equation in two dimensions(cartesian only)-Problems on finite and infinite strips.

Module III: Fourier Transforms and Optimization Techniques

Fourier Transforms: Fourier integral Theorem(no proof)-Fourier sine and cosine integrals-Fourier Transforms-

complex form-Sine and cosine Transforms-Inversion Formula-simple problems.

Optimization Techniques: Linear Programming Problems-Formulation-Graphical solution-General L.P.P-Slack

and Surplus variables-Basic feasible solution-Solution of L.P.P. using Simplex method-Big-M-method-Duality-Dual

Simplex method.

References:

1.EngineeringMathematics,Vol.3:V.Sunderam,R.Balasubramanian,K.A.Lakshminara-yanan,Vikas

Publishing House (P) Ltd.

2.Higher Engineering Mathematics:B.S.Grewal,Khanna Publishers.

3.Advanced Engineering Mathematics:Michael D Greenberg,Pearson Education.

4.Engineering Mathematics,Vol2:S.S.Sastry,Prentice Hall Of India(P)Ltd.

5.Engineering Mathematics:Sarveswara Rao Koneru,Universiries Press.

6.Quantative Techniques:P.C.Tulsian and Vishal Pandey,Pearson Education.

Question Paper:

The Question paper contains Part A and Part B, Part A carries 10 compulsory questions (short answer questions)

covering the entire syllabus and is for 40 marks.

Part B is for 60 marks. There will be two questions from each module. The candidate has to answer one question out

of two.

03.402 HUMANITIES 2-1-0-3

Part I Economics (2 Periods per week)

Module I

1. Definition and scope of Economics- Definition of basic terms-Goods-wants and their classifications-

wealth- Income Money- -Near money- Credit money- Utility, features and kinds of utility National

Income and related concepts as GNP, NNP, -Disposable Income Resource Allocation, Technological

choice & production possibility curve. Indifference curve analysis- the concept of supply- Supply curves-

Cost curves loss of returns.

2. Basic laws in Economics Law of Diminishing marginal utility Demand, Law of Demand and demand

curve- The concept of supply- Supply schedule and supply curve.

Module II

3. Market structure Classifications Pricing under different markets as perfect competition monopoly and

pricing under monopolistic competition.

4. Inflation Measures to control inflation Monetary measures and fiscal measures Effects of inflation.

5. Tax Classification of Taxes Direct & Indirect taxes specific and AdValorem taxes personal Income

tax Characteristics of a Good tax system Tax evasion.

206

Module III

6. International Monetary Final Issues & Challenges International liquidity Special Drawing Rights -

India & IMF.

7. Welfare Economic welfare Old Welfare Economics ie piguos Analysis New Welfare Economics

Purctos welfare criterion.

Books for Study :-

Modern Economic theory -Dewtt.K.K

Books for References:-

1. Elements of Economic Analysis-Prof. G.Narendrababu

2. Money, Banking . Trade & Finance -Sundaran P.P.M

Part II Communicative English (1 period per week)

Reading- Skimming-scanning-detailed reading-predicting content-interpreting charts and tables-identifying stylistic

features in texts - evaluating texts-understanding discourse coherence-guessing meaning from the context- note

making / transferring information.

Word formation with prefixes and suffixes-discourse markers and their functions-degrees of comparison-

expressions relating to recommendations and comparisons-active and passive voice-antonyms-tense forms- gerunds-

conditional sentences-modal verbs of probability and improbability-acronyms and abbreviations - compound nouns

and adjectives-spelling-punctuation.

Sentence definition-static description-comparison and contrast-classification of information-recommendations-

highlighting problems and providing solutions-formal and informal letter writing-using flow-charts/diagrams

paragraph writing-editing.

Defining, describing objects-describing uses/functions-comparing-offering suggestions-analysing problems and

providing solutions-expressing opinions (agreement/ disagreement) expressing possibility/certainty framing

questions-providing answers.

Text Books: Part B

1. " English for Engineers and Technologists ", Volume I. Authors : Humanities and Social Science Department,

Anna University, Published by Orient Longman Ltd., 1990.

2. Written communication in English- Sarah Freeman, Orient Longman, 1977.

References:

1. Strengthen Your Writing -Narayanaswami, V.R, Orient Longman Ltd., Chennai 1996 (Revised Edition)

2. Technical English, Writing, Reading and Speaking- Pickett and Laster, , New York Harper and Row Publications.

3. Basic English Usage -Swan, Michael, Oxford University Press, 1984.

4. Communication in English- Bhatnagar and Bell, , Orient Longman, 1979.

5. Professional Communication skills -Pravin.S.R.Bhatia, A.M.Sheikh, , S.Chand and Company Ltd.

University Question

Part I Humanities

Part A 30 Marks ( short answers) Covering entire syllabus ( 3x10=30)

Part B 40 Marks ( 50% choice One out of two or two out of four from each module.)

Part - II Communicative English

30 marks (50 % choice)

03-403 SURVEYING II 3-2-0-5

Module I

Tacheometric Surveying Principles Methods Stadia System Fixed and Movable hair methods Methods

with staff held vertical and normal Equipments for conducting Stadia surveying (detailed discussion)

Determination of instrument constants Field book computation. Tangential system Field book computation

office work in Tacheometric surveying (reduction of field observations and plotting) Errors in tacheometric

Surveying.

Triangulation General Principles Order of triangulation triangulation figures Selection of base line

connecting the base line to the main net work base line measurement correction and order of accuracy

intervisibility of stations Scaffolds and signals angle measurements Satellite Stations triangulation

computations reduction to centre.

Module II

Theory of errors Types theory of least squares weighting of observations most probable value application

of weighting computations of indirectly observed quantities Method of normal equations conditioned

quantities station adjustment figure adjustment.

207

Curves:- Elements of simple and compound curves - Method of setting out - obstacles Reverse curve Transition

curve length of curve Characteristics Elements of cubic Parabola, true spiral and cubic spiral Length of

combined curve Setting out of combined curve. Vertical curve types properties of parabola highest and

lowest point Length of vertical curve lemniscates curve.

Module III

Field Astronomy Earth Shape of earth Terrestrial latitude and longitude Earths orbital motion round the Sun

Seasons - parallel of latitude- Setting- Convergence of meridians- mid latitude formula- Change in azimuth of a

long line-

Spherical Trigonometry- Spherical excess- Celestial sphere- Co-ordinate system- Astronomical triangle- various

cases.

Hydrographic Survey-Sounding-Different methods of locating sounding -Three point problem- analytical method.

References:-

1. Plane & Geodetic Surveying - David Clark

2. Surveying and Leveling - T.P. Kanetkar and S.V. Kulkarni

3. Surveying - B.C. Punmia

4. Surveying Vol I - S.K.Duggal, Tata McGraw Hill Ltd.

5. Surveying Moffitt, 10/e, Pearson Education

Question Paper:

Duration: 3 hours

The question paper consists of Part A and Part B. Part A is for 40 marks. There will be 8 compulsory short answer

questions of 5 marks each covering entire syllabus.

Part B is for 60 marks. There will be two questions from each module. The candidate has to answer one question of

20 marks from each module.

Note: No charts, tables, codes are permitted in the Examination hall .If necessary relevant data shall be given along

with the question paper by the question paper setter.

03.404 STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS I 3-2-0-5

Module I

Deflection of beams momentcurvature relation load deflection differential equation-slope and deflection

computations by successive integration super position Macaulays method -Moment area method-conjugate

beam method.

Work and Energy methods-strain energy and complimentary energy work and complimentary work-displacement

calculations by method of Virtual work-truss deflection by virtual work-beam displacements by virtual work visual

integration of the virtual work-equation for beam and statically determinate rigid frames

Module II

Statically indeterminate beams fixed beams- area moment method-continuous beams Clapeyrons theorem of three

moments. Two hinged arches.

Castiglianos theorems and their application to trusses and beams principle of minimum total potential energy-

Clark Betti-Maxwell reciprocal theorem

Module III

Elastic stability of slender columns-Eulers formula for pinned end columns and columns with other conditions-

eccentric loading-secant of initial curvature-empirical column formula.

Influence lines influence lines for shear force and bending moment in beams maximum effects under moving

loads-distributed loads and series of concentrated loads-absolute maximum bending moments-bending moment

envelope Equivalent Uniformly distributed load - Influence lines for statically determinate trusses

Analysis of three-dimensional pin jointed trusses method of tension coefficients.

References.

1. Mechanics of structure Vol. 1 & Vol.II - J unnarkar S.B

2. Strength of Material and Mechanics of Structures- Punmia B.C

3. Theory of structures- Ramamrutham.S

4. Structural analysis- Wang

5. Structural Analysis- Hibbler, Pearson Education

Question Paper :

Duration : 3 Hrs

The question paper consists of Part A and Part B. Part A is for 40 marks. There will be 8 compulsory short answer

questions of 5 marks each covering entire syllabus.

208

Part B is for 60 marks. There will be two questions from each module. The candidate has to answer one question of

20 marks from each module.

Note: No charts, tables, codes are permitted in the Examination hall .If necessary relevant data shall be given along

with the question paper by the question paper setter.

03.405 FLUID MECHANICS II 3-1-0-4

Module I

Flow in open channels-types of channels, types of flow, geometric elements of channel section, velocity distribution

in open channels, uniform flow in channels, Chezys equation Kutters and Bazins equations, Mannings formula,

Most economic section for rectangular, trapezoidal and triangular channels. Condition for maximum discharge and

maximum velocity through circular channels, computations for uniform flow, normal depth, conveyance of a

channel section, section factor for uniform flow.

Specific energy, critical depth, discharge diagram, Computation of critical flow, Section factor for critical flow.

Specific force, conjugate or sequent depths, hydraulic jump, expression for sequent depths and energy loss for a

hydraulic jump in horizontal rectangular channels, types of jump, length of jump, height of jump, uses of hydraulic

jump.

Module II

Gradually varied flow, dynamic equation for gradually varied flow, different forms of dynamic equation,

classification of surface profiles, Backwater and drawdown curves, characteristics of surface profiles in prismatic

channels. Computation of length of surface profiles, direct step method.

Dimensional analysis and model studies-dimensions, dimensional homogeneity ,methods of dimensional analysis,

Rayleigh method, Buckingham method, dimensionless numbers, Similitude. geometric, kinematic and dynamic

similarities .Model laws-Reynolds and Froude model laws, scale ratios, types of models, distorted and undistorted

models, scale effect in models.

Boundary layer theory-no slip condition, boundary layer thickness, boundary layer growth over long thin plate,

laminar, turbulent boundary layer, laminar sublayer, Momentum integral equation of boundary layer (no derivation),

Blasius boundary layer equations for laminar and turbulent boundary layer, computation of drag on a flat plate.

Separation of boundary layer.

Module III

Hydraulic Machines-Impulse momentum principle, impact of jets, force of a jet on fixed and moving vanes.

Turbines-classification and comparison of velocity triangles for Pelton wheel and reaction turbines(Francis and

Kaplan),work done and efficiency, characteristic curves, specific speed, draft tube-different types, penstock, surge

tank-types, cavitation in turbines.

Pumps-Centrifugal pumps-types, work done, efficiency, minimum speed, velocity triangle for pumps, specific

speed, priming, characteristic curves, multi- stage pumps.

Reciprocating pumps, working of a reciprocating pump, types, work done in single acting and double acting pumps,

coefficient of discharge, slip, effect in velocity due to acceleration and frictional resistance, indicator diagram,

separation in suction and delivery pipes, air vessels, work saved by air vessels, rate of flow into and from air vessels.

References:

1.Hydraulics and Fluid Mechanics- P.N.Modi and S.M.Seth, S.B.H Publishers and

Distributors, New Delhi.

2.Fluid Mechanics- Streeter.V.L and Wylie.E.B, Mc Graw Hill Series.

3.Fluid Mechanics and Fluid power Engineering- Dr.D.S Kumar, S.K.Kataria & Sons,

New Delhi.

4.Open Channel Hydraulics-K.Subramanya. Tata Mc Graw Hill Series

5. Fluid Mechanics Douglas, 4/e Pearson Education.

Question Paper:

Duration: 3 hours

The question paper consists of Part A and Part B. Part A is for 40 marks. There will be 8 compulsory short answer

questions of 5 marks each covering syllabus. Part B is for 60 marks. There will be two questions from each module.

The candidate has to answer one question of 20 marks from each module.

Note: No charts, tables, codes are permitted in the Examination hall .If necessary relevant data shall be given along

with the question paper by the question paper setter.

209

03-406 CONCRETE TECHNOLOGY 3-1- 0 - 4

Module I

Materials:-Cement Ingredients, Chemical composition ,basic properties of cement compounds

Hydration of cement- physical properties of Portland cements- fineness of cement , setting time, soundness,

compressive strength, heat of hydration, specific gravity of cement. Indian standard tests and specification for

physical properties of cement. Various types of cements, storage of cement.

Aggregates:- Classification of aggregates based on size, shape, unit weight and its geological origin. Characteristics

of aggregates Strength of aggregate, particle shape and texture, specific gravity, bulk density, porosity, moisture

content of aggregate, bulking of fine aggregate, deleterious substance in aggregate, soundness of aggregate , alkali-

aggregate reaction , sieve analysis:- grading curves, fines modulus, grading requirements, grading of fine and coarse

aggregates; gap graded aggregate IS tests for aggregates for concrete and its IS specification.

Water :- Quality of mixing water, effect of impurities in water on properties of concrete.

Admixtures:- Functions of admixtures, classification of admixtures -factors influencing the dosage of different

admixtures- Indian standard specification for admixtures for concrete I S 7861 ( Part II ), 1981.

Module II

Performance of Concrete :-

Properties of fresh concrete role of water in fresh state of concrete- workability- different methods for assessing

workability according to Indian standard Specification, factors affecting workability, requirements of workability,

segregation, bleeding, mix proportion consisting of concrete, setting, hardening, strength development.

Properties of Hardened concrete:- Strength of concrete- factors influencing the strength of concrete, Stress and

strain characteristics of concrete. Modulus of Elasticity, creep, shrinkage and temperature effects, I S tests for

assessing the performance of hardened concrete. Durability of concrete- factors affecting durability- permeability,

chemical attack, sea water attack and air entrainment.

Non-destructive testing of concrete-various methods, form-work for concrete.

Module III

Quality Control :- Factors causing variations in the quality of concrete-statistical quality control, quality

management in concrete construction.

Proportioning of concrete mixes- factors influencing the choice of mix proportions -General principles of concrete

mix deign-factors considered in the design of mix design of low and medium strength mixes. Various methods- IS,

ACI, FM, Road Note No.4, Design of high strength mixes, Design of High density concrete mix, Light weight

concrete mix and Ready mix concrete

Importance of trial mixes and adjustment of ingredients of concrete.

Form work for concrete:- General principle of design construction. Materials used for formwork- formwork for

architectural or special concrete structures like dome, Bridges and aqueducts, under ground structures.

Batching plant Auxiliary equipments, vibrations, pumps, screeds etc. Special concrete like, high density,

polymer concrete and fibre reinforced concrete etc.

References:

1. Concrete Technology- A.M.Neville, Pearson Education

2. Properties of Concrete A.M.Neville, 4/e, Pearson Education

3. Construction & Foundation Engineering- J ha. J & Sinha S.K, Khanna Publications

4. Heavy Construction- Vazirani V.N & Chandola S.P.

5. Construction planning & Methods- Peurifoy R.l & Ledbetter W.B, MGH Publishers.

6. Concrete Technology M.S.Shetty.

Question Paper:

Duration: 3 hours

The question paper consists of Part A and Part B. Part A is for 40 marks. There will be 8 compulsory short answer

questions of 5 marks each covering entire syllabus.

Part B is for 60 marks. There will be two questions from each module. The candidate has to answer one question of

20 marks from each module.

Note: No charts, tables, codes are permitted in the Examination hall .If necessary relevant data shall be given along

with the question paper by the question paper setter.

03.407 STRENGTH OF MATERIALS LAB 0-0-2-2

Study of UTM, Torsion, Hardness and Impact Testing Machines

1. Test on M S, Torsteel, C I and High Carbon Steel

2. Shear test on M S Rod

210

3. Torsion test on M S Rod

4. Torsion test using Torsion Pendulum on M S. Aluminium and BRASS wire

5. Izod and Charpy Impact Test

6. Hardness test (Rockwell and Brinell)

7. Spring test (open and close coiled)

8. Bending and Compression test on wood

9. Determination of E of wood and steel and verification of Clark Maxwells Law of Reciprocal Deflection

03.408 FLUID MECHANICS LAB 0-0-2-2

1. Study of pipe fitting, plumbing tools, water meters, current meters, manometers and pressure gauges

2. Study and Experiment on orifices, mouthpieces, notches, orifice meter and venturimeter.

3. Study and Experiment on reciprocating and centrifugal pumps

4. Study and Experiment on Hydraulic turbines.

Note _ Sufficient experiments shall be given depending upon the facilities available in the laboratory

Examinations : Duration 3 Hours, Max . Marks 100

03.501 ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS-IV 3-1-0-4

(Common to all branches)

Module 1: Complex Analysis-Differentiation

Differentiation of functions of complex variable-Analytic functions-Cauchy-Riemann Equations(cartesian only)-

Harmonic function-Orthogonal system-velocity potential

Conformal mapping-Mapping by w=1/z,w=z

2

, w=e

z

, w=z+1/z, w=sinz, w=cosz.

Bilenear Transformation-fixed points-Problems to find the transformation when three points and their images are

given.

Module II: Complex Analysis-Integration

Line integrals-simple problems-Statements of Cauchys integral theorem,Cauchys integral formula-Formula for

higher derivatives-Evaluation of integrals using the above results.

Taylor series and Laurents series(no proof)-simple problems.

Singularities-Residues-Cauchys Residue theorem(no proof)-problems.

Evaluation of real definite integrals of the following types:

2

f(sin,cos)d, [f(x)/F(x)]dx, [sin mx/f(x)]dx, [cos mx/f(x)]dx

0 0 0 0

Module III: Probability and statistics

Random variable-continuous and discrete distribution-mean and variance-

Binomial distribution-mean and variance-fitting a Binomial distribution-Problems.

Poisson distribution-Poisson distribution as a limiting case of the Binomial distribution-mean and variance-

Problems.

Normal distribution-Properties-Problems

Curve fitting-Fitting of a straight line and a second degree parabola,by the method of least squares.

Testing of Hypothesis-Types of errors-Null hypothesis-level of significance-Confidence limits-Large sample tests-

testing of proportion of attributes-confidence limits for unknown mean-test of significance for means of two large

samples-Use of Students t distribution for small sample tests-Significance test of a sample mean-Significance test

of difference between sample means.

References:

1.Higher Engineering Mathematics: B.S.Grewal, Khanna Publishers

2.Engineering Mathematics,Vol.2: S.S.Sastry, Prentice Hall of India(P)Ltd.

3.Complex Variables Theory And Applications: H.S.Kasana, Prentice Hall of India(P)Ltd

4.Advanced Engineering Mathematics: Michael D Greenberg, Pearson Education

5.Probability and Statistics for Engineers : Miller & Freud ,Pearson Education

Question Paper:

Duration: 3 hours

The question paper consists of Part A and Part B. Part A is for 40 marks. There will be 10 compulsory short answer

questions of 4 marks each covering entire syllabus.

211

Part B is for 60 marks. There will be two questions from each module. The candidate has to answer one question of

20 marks from each module.

03.502 STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS- II 3-2-0-5

Module-I

Force method of analysis-Static indeterminacy-method of consistent deformation-analysis of statically indeterminate

beams and rigid frames-stresses due to lack of fit and temperature change. Concept of Flexibility Matrix

Influence line for statically indeterminate structures- Muller- Bresleau principle-Influence lines for propped

cantilever and two span continuous beam.

Module II

Displacement method of analysis-kinetic in-determinacy-slope-deflection method for beams-frames with or without

side sway-support settlement-frame with sloping leg members-method of moment distribution-application to beams-

support settlement frames with/without side say. Concept of Stiffness Matrix.

Kanis method- continuous beams-frame with vertical loads and lateral loads-frame with base column of different

height

Module III

Introduction to structural dynamics. Review of System with single degree of freedom, DAlemberts Principle.

Equation of Motion, Free vibration- Damped free vibrations Logarithmic decrement Response of SDOF systems

to harmonic excitation. transient response, Basic concept of Analysis of Structures for Earth quake loads.

References:

1. Mechanics of structure Vol.I &Vol.II -J unnarkar S.B.

2. Strength of Materials and Mechanics of Structures-Punmia B.C.

3. Theory of structure -Ramamrutham S.

4. Structural analysis- Wang

5. Structural Analysis- Hibbler

6. Vibrations Dynamics and structural systems- Mukhopadhyay

7. Structural Dynamics- Mario Paz

Question Paper:

Duration: 3 hours

The question paper consists of Part A and Part B. Part A is for 40 marks. There will be 8 compulsory short answer

questions of 5 marks each covering entire syllabus.

Part B is for 60 marks. There will be two questions from each module. The candidate has to answer one question of

20 marks from each module.

Note: No charts, tables, codes are permitted in the Examination hall .If necessary relevant data shall be given along

with the question paper by the question paper setter.

03.503 BUILDING DRAWING - II 0-0-4-4

Buildings Preparation of working drawings (from line sketches or from specifications) of different types of

buildings namely (i) Single storeyed buildings with flat roof, pitched roof and partly pitched and partly flat roof (ii)

Twostoreyed and multistoreyed buildings (iii) Public utility buildings like hostel, hospital, library etc. and (iv)

Industrial building.

Preparation of lay- out plan of house drainage for a given building.

Preparation of site plans and service plans as per building rules.

Preparation of working drawings from specifications for different types of culvert namely - slab culvert and box

culvert.

Using a computer software (AutoCAD, Micro station etc.) draw the plan, section and elevation of a residential

building.

References:

1. National Building Code of India

2. Local Building Bye Laws

3. Building Drawing- Shaw and Kale, Tata McGraw Hill.

4. Building Drawing and detailing - Balagopal T.S. Prabhu, Spades

Note 1: The student should know the local (Panchayath/Corporation) building rules and should be in a position to

prepare sketch design for clients and submission drawing for approval. At the end of the semester, each student

should complete a submission drawing of a residential building in a tracing paper (Treat it as a term paper).

212

Note 2: Minimum 8 sheets must be drawn and at least 2 computer print outs on building details is required. In

sessional mark distribution weightage should be given to term paper mentioned in note1.

University exam pattern:

Duration 3 hrs.

The question paper shall consist of two parts .

Part A Compulsory 4 short answer questions covering the entire portion for 20 marks.

Part B Two questions carrying 80 marks each. Students should answer any one question in full.

03.504 HOUSING, ARCHITECTURE AND PLANNING 3-1-0-4

Module I

Architecture: definition factors influencing architectural development systems of construction trabeated and

arcuated system characteristic features of a style historical examples from world architecture. Indian

architecture: A brief study of the architecture of Buddhist, Hindu and Indo- Islamic period. Kerala architecture:

Temple and domestic architecture of Kerala examples. Modern architecture: basic concepts contributions of Le

Corbusier, Frank Lloyd Wright, Mies van der Rohe and Walter Gropius to modern architectural philosophy.

Principles of architecture: form and function contrast, proportion, scale, balance, rhythm, character, colour and

unity.

Module II

Basics of planning: Evolution of towns problems of urban growth elements of regional population dynamics

(rural urban migration) beginning of town planning acts ideal towns garden city movement concept of new

towns and conservative surgery - comprehensive planning of towns. Basics of town planning surveys Land use

surveys and analysis Socio-economic surveys. Projection of land use requirements Development plans

Regional planning Zoning and subdivision regulation FSI/FAR Neighbourhood planning planning principles

site planning site selection criteria for housing development types site analysis.

Module III

Theories of urban structure: concentric ring theory, multiple nuclear theory and sector theory. Hierarchy of

settlements components of settlement structure and pattern of growth growth monitoring and urban management.

Settlement pattern of Kerala. Basics of Housing: Basic concepts of Housing Density studies Housing situations

in India quantitative and qualitative housing policies and programmes. Concept of Housing Standards

recommended by Kerala Building Codes. Mass housing Agencies involved in housing schemes. Housing schemes

for economically weaker sections in Kerala

References

1. Architectural Design Earnest Pickering

2. A history of Architecture Sir Banister Fletcher

3. Form, Space and Order Francis D.K. Ching

4. Indian Architecture Buddhist and Hindu Periods Percy Brown

5. Indian Architecture _ Islamic Period Percy Brown

6. Vastuvidyapravesika- A text book of Vastuvidhya Dr. Balagopal T.S.Prabhu,

Dr.A. Achyuthan.

7. Urban Pattern Arthur B. Gallion

8. Urban and Regional Planning Pelic Hall

9. Principles and Practices of Town Planning Lewis Keeble

10. Urban Geography Harold M. Mayer

11. Urbanization and Urban System in India R. Ramachandran

Question Paper:

Duration: 3 hours

The question paper consists of Part A and Part B. Part A is for 40 marks. There will be 8 compulsory short answer

questions covering entire syllabus.

Part B is for 60 marks. There will be two questions from each module. The candidate has to answer one question of

20 marks from each module.

03.505 GEOTECHNICAL ENGINEERING I 3-1-0-4

Module I

Soil formation and soil structure Major soil deposits of India Field identification Basic soil properties Weight

volume relationships Void ratio, porosity, degree of saturation, moisture content, specific gravity, unit weights.

213

Relationships between index properties, size and shapes of soil grains-sieve and hydrometer analysis. Relative

density. Atterberg Limits, consistency, sensitivity. Thixotrophy. Identification and classification tests. Classification

of soils- I.S. Classification. Compaction of soils Standard Proctor, Modified Proctor, AASHO and Indian Standard

Compaction tests. Dry density-moisture content curve, zero air voids line, Field methods of compaction Control of

compaction.

Module II

Permeability of soils-Darcys law-Factors affecting permeability-Constant and Falling head permeameters,

capillarity. Field-tests to determine permeability, permeability of stratified deposits.

Principle of effective stress, seepage pressure, critical hydraulic gradient, quick sand condition. Seepage through

soils, Laplace equation. Flow nets and their properties-Graphical method of drawing flow nets, Phreatic line, exit

gradient.

Compressibility and consolidation of soils, void ratio, pressure relationship. Compression index. Computation of

magnitude of settlement and pre-consolidation pressure. Normally and pre-loaded deposits. Theory of consolidation

Terzaghis one dimensional consolidation equation, percentage consolidation, time rate of consolidation Square

and log time fitting methods. Time factor Degree of consolidation, coefficient of consolidation, computation of

settlement.

Module III

Shear strength of soils, shear strength parameters. Mohrs circle-Mohr Coulomb failure criterion. Direct, triaxial,

unconfined and vane shear tests. General principles of consolidated undrained and drained tests-Shear characteristics

of coarse and fine grained soils. Field application of shear tests. Critical void ratio and liquefaction. Stability of

slopes, infinite slopes Cohesionless and cohesive soils. Finite slopes. Swedish circle and Friction circle methods.

Taylors stability number and stability charts.

References:

1. Geotechnical Engineering -P. Purushothama Raj

2. Basic and Applied Soil Mechanics -Gopal Renjan & A.S.R. Rao.

3. Soil Mechanics and Foundation Engineering- K.R.Arora.

4. Soil Mechanics and Foundation Engineering.- B.C. Punmia

5. Geotechnical Engineering-Venkataramaiah

6. Nature and Properties of Soil- Brady, 13/e Pearson Education

7. Numerical Problems Examples and Objective Questions in Geotechnical Engineering- A. V.

Narasimha Rao & Venkataramaiah

Question Paper:

Duration: 3 hours

The question paper consists of Part A and Part B. Part A is for 40 marks. There will be 8 compulsory short answer

questions of 5 marks each covering the entire syllabus.

Part B is for 60 marks. There will be two questions from each module. The candidate has to answer one question of

20 marks from each module.

Note: No charts, tables, codes are permitted in the Examination hall .If necessary relevant data shall be given along

with the question paper by the question paper setter.

03.506.1 Elective I ADVANCED SURVEYING & REMOTE SENSING 3-1-0-4

Module I

Electro magnetic distance measurement (EDM) Principle of EDM Carrier waves Types of EDM instruments

Electro-optical EDM instruments Distomat Effect of atmospheric conditions Total Station Principle

procedure & surveying using Total Station Data retrieval and processing, precise leveling, micro-optic theodolite.

Module II

Photogrammetry Terrestrial photogrammetry Terrestrial cameras photo Theodolite definitions ,Horizontal

position of a point from photographic measurement elevation of a point Determination of focal length of camera-

Determination of azimuth of a survey line Aerial photogrammetry- Aerial camera-Types Vertical Photograph

Geometry and scale of vertical photographs Ground co-ordinates from vertical photographs- Relief displacement

Planimetric mapping from vertical photos different methods- Stereoscopy & parallax Different types of

stereoscopes Method of viewing- Mapping with stereoscope and parallax barPhotomaps & Mosaics.

Module III

Remote sensing concepts Idealized remote sensing system characteristics Types of remote sensing system

Remote sensing from space application of remote sensing.

214

GPS Basics system overview working principle of GPS Satellite ranging calculating position Ranging

errors and its correction code phase and carrier phase measurements application of GPS surveying Methods

static Rapid static and Kinematic methods Real time and post processing DGPS GPS Survey planning and

observation horizontal and vertical control Data sheet visibility diagram GPS data processing WAAS

System Hydrographic surveying with GPS.

References:

1. Surveying & Levelling T.P.Kanetkar & S.V.Kulkarni, Pune Vidyarthi Griha Prakashan.

2. Surveying B.C.Punmia

3. Elements of photogrammetry Paul.R.Wolf

4. Surveying Vol.3 Dr. K.R.Arora, Standard Book House

5. Advanced Surveying Satheesh Gopi

6. Geomatics Barry .F. Kavangh, Pearson Education Ltd.

7. The Global Positioning System and Surveying using GPS Satheesh Gopi

Question Paper:

Duration: 3 hours

The question paper consists of Part A and Part B. Part A is for 40 marks. There will be 8 compulsory short answer

questions of 5 marks each covering the entire syllabus.

Part B is for 60 marks. There will be two questions from each module. The candidate has to answer one question of

20 marks from each module.

Note: No charts, tables, codes are permitted in the Examination hall .If necessary relevant data shall be given along

with the question paper by the question paper setter.

03.506.2 Elective I ADVANCED SURVEYING & GPS APPROACH 3-1-0-4

Module I

Electro magnetic distance measurement (EDM) Principle of EDM Carrier waves Types of EDM instruments

Electro-optical EDM instruments Distomat Effect of Atmospheric conditions Total Station Principle

procedure & Surveying using Total Station Data retrieval and processing, precise leveling, micro-optic theodolite.

Module II

Photogrammetry Terrestrial photogrammetry Terrestrial cameras photo-theodolite definitions Horizontal

position of a point from photographic measurement elevation of a point Determination of focal length of camera

- Determination of Azimuth of a survey line Aerial photogrammetry Aerial camera Types Vertical

Photograph Geometry and scale of vertical photographs Ground co-ordinates from vertical photograph -Relief

displacement Planimetric mapping from vertical photos different methods- Stereoscoping & parallax Different

types of stereoscopes Method of Viewing - Mapping with stereoscope and parallax bar photomaps & Mosaics.

Module III

Fundamentals of GIS The four Ms, GIS Definition GIS Architecture, Functional elements of GIS, functional

operation of GIS, Spatial data, Graphical representation of spatial data, Raster and vector diagrams, digital Maps,

Data input methods, GPS for GIS data capture, GIS Data management.

GPS Basics system overview working principle of GPS Satellite ranging calculating position Ranging errors

and its correction code phase and carrier phase measurements application of GPS surveying Methods static

Rapid static and Kinematic methods Real time and post processing DGPS . GPS Survey planning and observation

horizontal and vertical control Data sheet visibility diagram GPS data processing WAAS System

Hydrographic surveying with GPS.

References :

1. Surveying & Levelling T.P.Kanetkar & S.V.Kulkarni

2. Surveying B.C. Punmia

3. Elements of photogrammetry Paul.R.Woft

4. Surveying Vol.3 Dr. K.R.ARORA, Standard Book House

5. Advance Surveying Satheesh Gopi

6. The Global Positioning System and surveying using GPS Satheesh Gopi

7. Geomatics Barry .F. Kavangh, Pearson Education, Ltd.

Question Paper:

Duration: 3 hours

The question paper consists of Part A and Part B. Part A is for 40 marks. There will be 8 compulsory short answer

questions of 5 marks each covering the entire syllabus.

215

Part B is for 60 marks. There will be two questions from each module. The candidate has to answer one question of

20 marks from each module.

Note: No charts, tables, codes are permitted in the Examination hall .If necessary relevant data shall be given along

with the question paper by the question paper setter.

03.507 SURVEYING PRACTICAL - II 0-0-2-2

Problems in height and distance using:

(a) Tangential tacheometry - 2 class.

(b) Trigonometric leveling - 2 class.

Three point problems Solution - 2 class.

Setting out of Simple curve, Compound curve,

Transition curve - 1 class.

Substance bar - 1 class.

Preparation of photographic map - 2 class.

Introduction to Electronic Theodolite, Total Station,

Micro Optic Theodolite, Automatic Levels, Distance meter etc. - 2 class

Class test - 2 class

03.508 CONCRETE LABORATORY 0-0-2-2

1. Tests on cement

Fineness of cement

Standard consistency of cement

Initial and final setting time of cement

Compressive strength of cement

2. Tests on aggregates

Particle size distribution and grading

Fineness modulus, bulk density, void ratio and porosity

Bulking of fine sand

Specific gravity of aggregates

3. Tests on fresh concrete

Slump test

Compacting factor test

Vee-bee test

Flow test

4. Tests on hardened concrete

Compressive strength of concrete

Modulus of elasticity of concrete

Flexural and split tensile strength of concrete

Rebound hammer test

5. Tests on bricks and tiles

Compressive strength of burnt bricks

Water absorption test on bricks

Transverse strength test on tiles (M.P tiles and mosaic tiles)

Examination: 100 marks. Duration: 3 Hrs.

03.601 REINFORCED CONCRETE STRUCTURES 3-1-0-4

Module 1

Introduction to different design concepts.

Limit state design only in detail.

Analysis of singly and doubly reinforced beams of rectangular, T and L sections.

216

Design for flexure, shear and torsion-Design of singly and doubly reinforced beams of rectangular, T and L sections.

Limit state of Serviceability- Deflections and cracking.

Design of one way and two way slabs.

Module II

Design of continuous beams and slabs. Staircases-Design of straight flight and dog-legged staircases.

Columns-Interaction curves-Design of short columns and long columns with axial loads, uniaxial moment and

biaxial moments-Use of SP-16 charts.

Footings-Design of Isolated footings-axial and eccentric loading-Design of Combined footings-rectangular and

trapezoidal footings.

(Analysis and designs should be based on limit state method.)

Module III

Pre-stressed Concrete-General principles-systems of prestressing-Losses in prestress.

Design of prestressed beams of rectangular and I sections. Design of slabs.

References:

1. Reinforced Concrete Limit State Design- Ashok K.J ain

2. Reinforced Concrete Design - Unnikrishna Pillai & Devdas Menon.

3. Reinforced Concrete Design - S.N. Sinha.

4. Prestressed Concrete - N.Krishnaraju.

5. Limit State Design - H.Mehra and V.N.Vazirani

6. Use of IS 456:2000; IS1343 and Interaction curves for columns are permitted

in the examination hall.

7. Limit State Design of Reinforced Concrete P.C. Varghese, Prentice Hall of India Ltd.

8. Structural Design and Drawing Reinforced Concrete and Steel-N.Krishnaraju,

Universities Press Ltd.

Question Paper:

Duration: 3 hours

The question paper consists of Part A and Part B. Part A is for 40 marks. There will be 8 compulsory short answer

questions of 5 marks each covering the entire syllabus.

Part B is for 60 marks. There will be two questions from each module. The candidate has to answer one question of

20 marks from each module.

Use of IS 456:2000; IS 1343 and Interaction curves for columns are permitted in the examination hall.

Note: No other charts, tables, codes are permitted in the Examination hall .If necessary relevant data shall be given

along with the question paper by the question paper setter.

03.602 PROGRAMMING AND NUMERICAL METHODS 2-0-2-4

Module I

Introduction to digital computers- Functional units, peripheral devices, - Languages Assembler, High level

languages, Compilers and interpreters Problem definition Algorithm development Flowcharts, Compile, link, run

Modern computers Graphical User interfaces Basic concepts in networking, Internet

C++programming language variables data types, Arithmetic expressions Input, & Output. Logical expressions IF

switch statements, Looping - for, while, do-while statements. Arrays, initialising array elements, character arrays, -

multidimensional arrays

Module II

Functions - Arguments and local variables, returning function results, functions calling functions Top down

programming - functions and arrays - Global variables - automatic & static variables, pointers & Arrays Recursive

functions Function overloading

Structures - functions and structures - Arrays of structures - structures within structures, Structures containing

arrays .

Files - Input & Output sequential & random access - Character strings string functions- Structures and arrays

character operations .

Basic concepts of object oriented programming

Module III

Roots of transcendental equations Successive approximations, Bisection, Newton Raphson Methods. Functional

approximation, Fitting straight line & parabola , Numerical Integration by Trapezoidal Simpsons rule & Gauss

quadrature. Set of linear equations Gauss eliminations method

Note: Programs & Numerical Problems may be included in the question paper.

References:

217

1. Programming in ANSI C S. Balaguruswamy

2. Programming in C - Stephen J Kochan

3. Programming in C - Byron Gottfried

4. Prpgramming with ANSI & TurboC- Kamthane ,Pearson Education

5. C++Prpgramming - Robert Lafore

6. Programming in C++- Maria Lithian

7. Introduction to Computers - J ose S

8. Applied Numerical Analysis- Gerald, Pearson Education

Question Paper:

Duration: 3 hours

The question paper consists of Part A and Part B. Part A is for 40 marks. There will be 8 compulsory short answer

questions covering entire syllabus.

Part B is for 60 marks. There will two questions from each module. The candidate has to answer one question of 20

marks from each module.

Note: No charts, tables, codes are permitted in the Examination hall .If necessary relevant data shall be given along

with the question paper by the question paper setter

03.603 QUANTITY SURVEYING AND VALUATION 2-1-0-3

Module I

General Introduction:-

Specifications purposes and basic principles general specifications.

Analysis of rates-Introduction to the use of data book and schedule of rates-cost of materials at site-cost of materials

at source-conveyance charges.

Detailed specification, preparation of data and analysis of rates for various items of work connected with building

construction and culverts with reference to Indian Standard Specification.

Module II

Quantity Surveying-Basic Principles- Types of Estimate-Detailed estimate including quantities, abstract and

schedule of rates of various items of works-residential buildings- workshop buildings office / school building,

sanitary and water supply works- soak pits, septic tanks, overhead tanks, culverts, road construction.

Bar-bending Schedule-preparation of bar-bending schedule for RCC works connected with building construction,

culverts and minor irrigation works.

Module III

Valuation -Principles of valuation of old buildings and apartment structure Methods of valuation: Depreciation-

current rates of depreciation and net values. Fixation of rent -Gross and net rent-methods.

References:

1. Estimating and costing in Civil Engineering - B.N. Dutta.

2. Estimating and costing in Civil Engineering - M. Chakrabarti

3. Civil Engineering Estimating & Costing - V.N.Vazirani & S.P. Chandola

4. Elements of Estimating - Rangawala S.C.

5. Methods of measurement of Building & Civil Engineering works IS 1200-1968

6. Valuation of real property -Parks

7. Construction Schedule & Control - George E. Deathrage, Mc Graw Hill

8. IS 1200 (1968), Methods of Measurement of Building & Civil Engineering works

Question Paper:

Duration: 3 hours

The question paper consists of Part A and Part B. Part A is for 20 marks. There will be 4 compulsory short answer

questions covering entire syllabus.

Part B is for 80 marks. There will two questions from each module. The candidate has to answer one question from

each module. Questions from module I & module III carrying 20 marks each and questions from module II carrying

40 marks each.

Note: For analysis of rate and cost estimation, unit rate and labour requirement should be given along with the

questions by the question paper setter.

No other charts, tables, codes are permitted in the Examination hall .If necessary relevant data shall be given along

with the question paper by the question paper setter.

218

03.604 GEOTECHNICAL ENGINEERING II 3-1-0-4

Module I

Stresses in soil due to loaded areas. Boussinesqs and Westergaards formulae for point loads vertical pressure

beneath areas of irregular shape. New marks charts pressure bulbs.

Earth pressure General and local states of plastic equilibrium. Rankines and coulombs theories for active and

passive conditions influence of surcharge water table wall friction and deformation on earth pressure

Rebhanns and Culmanns graphical methods Design of gravity retaining walls.

Module II

Foundation Function and requirement of a good foundation. Steps in choosing the type of foundation. Methods of

subsoil exploration for different structures boring and sampling techniques. Standard Penetration Test-Open pits

and other direct methods. Sample disturbance Interpretation of results- planning an exploration programme.

Bearing capacity ultimate and allowable bearing capacity. Factors affecting bearing capacity. Bearing capacity

based on S.P.T. value. Bearing capacity factors charts Terzaghis and I.S. formulae, loading tests-methods of

improving bearing capacity of soils-use of vibro- floatation and sand drains. Settlement Permissible, total and

differential settlement Methods of reducing differential settlement.

Module III

Design of shallow foundation different types of footing location and depth Rafts and continuous footings

Bearing capacity criteria Settlement criteria. Floating foundation Design of rafts on sand and clay. Pile

foundations types of piles, point bearing and friction piles. Bearing capacity of a single pile in clay and sand. Pile

driving formulae, limitations. Indian standard pile load test Pile groups and group action Negative skin friction

settlement of pile group. Piers and well foundations problems of well sinking Permissible tilt settlements and

shifts Terzaghis analysis-Bearing and skin friction Machine foundation mathematical models Mass spring

system with and without damping Determination of natural frequency of foundation system Barkens method.

References:

1. Soil Mechanics and Foundation Engineering- K.R. Arora

2. Geotechnical Engineering -Venkataramaiah

3. Basics and Applied Soil Mechanics- Gopal Renjan and Rao

4. Geotechnical Engineering- Purushothama Raj. TMH

Question Paper:

Duration: 3 hours

The question paper consists of Part A and Part B. Part A is for 40 marks. There will be 8 compulsory short answer

questions covering entire syllabus.

Part B is for 60 marks. There will two questions from each module. The candidate has to answer one question of 20

marks from each module.

Note: No charts, tables, codes are permitted in the Examination hall .If necessary relevant data shall be given along

with the question paper by the question paper setter.

03.605 TRANSPORTATION ENGINEERING-I 3-1-0-

Module I

Introduction -Classification and characteristics of transportation modes-comparison of railway and highway

transport-Modern development in railways-classification of Indian Railways Railway system-surface, elevated,

underground and tube railway.

Railway track- Requirement of permanent way, capacity, gauge, railway track, cross-section, coning of wheels.

Geometric design of tracks - Necessity, speed on curves, radius or degree of curves, super-elevation, objectives,

relationship of super-elevation, gauge, speed and radius of curves, average speed, limit of super-elevation, cant

deficiency, negative super-elevation.

Rails - Functions, requirement, types, selection length, common defects in rail and remedial measures, rail failure,

wear on rails, rail joints, creep on rails.

Sleepers-Functions, requirements, classification, timber, metal and concrete sleepers, spacing, sleeper density.

Rail Fixtures and Fasteners-Purpose and types, fishplates, spikes, bolts, chairs, blocks, keys, plates, elastic

fastenings, pandrol clip.

Ballast - Functions, requirements, types.

219

Track alignment - Requirements of good alignment, factors in selection of good alignment.

Module II

Tractions and tractive resistance - Comparison of tractions , tractive resistances, train resistances, resistance due to

track profile, resistance due to starting and acceleration, wind resistance, hauling capacity of locomotive, tractive

effort of locomotive, problems.

points and crossing- Necessity, left hand and right hand turn outs, switches, types, crossings, design calculations of

turn outs.

Track junctions- Types, design elements and calculations

Stations and Yards- Classification of railway stations, platforms, loops, sidings. Station yards, passenger yards, level

crossings.

Signalling- Objectives, Classifications and Characteristics, types, control of movement of trains, CTC, ATC, Track

circulating, interlocking of signals and points, necessity and functions, methods.

Track renewal- Criteria, sleeper renewal, Ballast renewal.

High speed track- Track structure and its maintenance, signalling system for high speed track.

Tunnelling- Tunnelling methods for underground railways, longitudinal and transverse trench methods, necessity,

size and shape of tunnels, shafts, Pilot tunnels, methods of construction in rocks, full face methods, heading and

benching method, drift method, drilling and blasting of rocks, drill patterns, explosives.

Methods of tunnel construction in soft grounds, liner plate method, compressed air method, Muckhing, lining for

tunnels, ventilation and drainage for tunnels.

Module III

Harbours - Classification, Requirements of commercial harbours, typical layout with general features. Physical

characteristics, road steads, site selection, ship features related to port planning, ship types, shipping terminology,

investigation and model tests, surveys, meteorological data, oceanographic data, geological data, factors controlling

harbour size, location and width of entrance, Stevensons formula for entrance width, depth of harbour and approach

channel.

Meteorological phenomena- Wind, wave, tides, currents, wave parameters, fetch, characteristics of wave, Molitors

and Stevensons formulae, wave action, littoral drift .

Break Water- Classification, forces acting on breakwater construction.

Marine facilities- Wharf, pier, buoys, jetties, fenders, transit shed, warehouse, dolphins.

Docks- Types, functions, wet and dry docks, floating dock, slipway, length of slipway, lock gates.

Navigational aids- Beacons, buoys, lighthouse, light ship, moorings, offshore moorings.

Dredging- Types, choice of dredger.

Construction-Materials and methods of construction.

References:

1. Principles of Transportation and Highway Engineering, Rao.G.V, Tata McGraw Hill.

2. Design and Construction of Ports and Marine Structures, Quinn, Tata McGraw Hill.

3. Harbour Docks and tunnel Engineering, Srinivasan, Charotar Publication.

4. Railway Track Engineering, Mundrey, Tata McGraw Hill.

Question paper:

Duration: 3 Hrs.

The question paper consists of Part A and Part B.

Part A is for 40 marks. There will be 10 compulsory short answer questions of 4 marks each covering the entire

syllabus.

Part B is for 60 marks. There will be two questions from each module. The candidate has to answer one question

from each module.

Note: No charts, tables, codes are permitted in the Examination hall .If necessary relevant data shall be given along

with the question paper by the question paper setter.

03. 606.1 Elective II ADVANCED COMPUTATIONAL METHODS 3-1-0-4

Module I

System of linear algebraic equations Elimination and factorization methods Multiple right hand sides - Ill-

conditioned systems Symmetric and Banded systems Gauss Siedel iteration for sparse systems.

Eigen value problems Power method J acobi Method Practical examples.

System of non-linear equations Newton-Raphson Method.

220

Module II

Lagrangean and Hermitian interpolation Quadratic and cubic splines - Data smoothing by least squares criterion

Non-polynomial models like exponential model and power equation Multiple linear regression.

Errors in numerical computation Taylor series expansion of functions Ordinary differential equations First-

order equations Solution by use of Taylor series Eulers method and its modifications Runge-Kutta method.

Higher-order equations of the initial value type Predictor-corrector methods Milnes method and Hammings

method Stability of solution.

Module III

Ordinary differential equations of the boundary value type Finite difference solution.

Weighted residual methods for initial value problems and boundary value problems Collocation method

Subdomain method Method of least squares Galerkins method.

Partial differential equations in two-dimensions Parabolic equations Explicit finite difference method Crank-

Nicholson implicit method.

Elliptic equations Finite difference method Problems with irregular boundaries.

Note: Stress must be given to structural engineering problems wherever possible.

Assignments must be computer oriented.

References :

1. Numerical Methods for Engineers-Chapra S. C. and Canale R. P.

2. Numerical Solution to Partial Differential Equations-Smith G. D

3. Modern methods of Engineering Computation -Ketter and Prawel .

4. Numerical Methods in Science and Engineering-Rajasekharan S.

5. Numerical Methods for Initial and Boundary value Problems- Rajasekharan S.

6. Applied Numerical Methods for Engineers-Terrence J . Akai

Question Paper:

Duration: 3 hours

The question paper consists of Part A and Part B. Part A is for 40 marks. There will be 8 compulsory short answer

questions covering entire syllabus.

Part B is for 60 marks. There will two questions from each module. The candidate has to answer one question of 20

marks from each module.

Note: No charts, tables, codes are permitted in the Examination hall .If necessary relevant data shall be given along

with the question paper by the question paper setter.

03.606.2 Elective-II SITE INVESTIGATION AND SOIL TESTING 3-1-0-4

Module I

Planning of a sub-surface exploration program. Methods of soil exploration-depth, spacing, size and number of bore

holes-open excavation-methods of excavation-methods of explorations borings different methods of boring

sampling, disturbed and undisturbed samples, area ratio-recovery ratio-outside clearance and inside clearance-rock

cores and test on rock samples. Rock quality designations-samples-thick and thin walled samples-piston samplers.

Geographical methods-seismic and electric resistivity methods -sub soil investigation reports.

Module II

Standard penetration test-cone penetration test-bearing capacity from SPT-correction for SPT Correlation of N

with engineering properties laboratory and field determination of permeability consolidation test e log p curve

pre-consolidation causes of pre consolidation evaluation of coefficient of consolidation settlement

normally consolidated and pre-consolidation curve.

Module III

Shear strength of soils-different types of shear test-direct shear and triaxial shear test-unconfined compression test

vane shear test-undrained, consolidated. undrained and drained shear test-pore pressure measurements Mohr

Coulomb failure envelope-modified envelope, shear strength of cohesive soils Pressuremeter test plate load test

pile load test Liquefaction and critical void ratio.

References:

1. Geotechnical Engineering -Purushothama Raj ,TMH

2. Foundation Analysis and Design- J E Bowles

3. Soil Mechanics and Foundation Engineering-K.R. Arora

4. Foundation Design and Construction -M.J . Tomlinson

5. Geotechnical Engineering-C. Venkitaramaiah

221

6. Geotechnical Engineering , Principles and Practice, Pearson Education.

7. Geotechnical Engineering-Gopal Ranjan

Question Paper:

Duration: 3 hours

The question paper consists of Part A and Part B. Part A is for 40 marks. There will be 8 compulsory short answer

questions of 5 marks each covering entire syllabus.

Part B is for 60 marks. There will be two questions from each module. The candidate has to answer one question of

20 marks from each module.

Note: No charts, tables, codes are permitted in the Examination hall .If necessary relevant data shall be given along

with the question paper by the question paper setter.

03.606.3 EARTH AND ROCKFILL DAMS 3-1-0-4

Module I

Embankment Dam Types Specification Requirements of foundation, materials of construction zoning and

design details.

Seepage through dams: Determination of phreatic line Casagrandes solution Kozenys parabola, Entrance &

exit correlation Flownets for homogenous and zoned earth dams Flownets for dams on pervious foundation

under steady seepage conditions Flownets for homogeneous sections under sudden draw down condition Control

of seepage Adverse effect of seepage Liquefaction and its prevention methods of reducing seepage selection of

core types cut off trenches. Grout curtains sheet pile walls upstream blanket-selection of filter type & design-

relief wells.

Module II

Stability analysis. Shear strength of soils & rock fills-role of pore pressure in stability analysis construction pore

pressure during steady seepage & sudden draw down conditions. Instrumentation for pore pressure measurements,

stability analysis under steady seepage & sudden draw down condition. Embankment Construction: Methods of

placement and compaction, borrow area, moisture control, compaction control.

Seismic stability: - Dynamic properties of soils-deformation analysis- Newmarks Approach- Goodman & Seeds

Approach Design procedure-methods to safeguard the dam during earthquakes.

Module III

Rock fill dams: - General characteristics impervious membranes and earth cores Rock fill materials and their

testing axis alignment facing membrane control of rock fill placement, settlement of rock fill. Failures of earth

and rock fill dams:- Different types of failures and damages, Case history Performance and cases of failure of

major dams, case studies in foundation investigation, foundation treatment control of seepage and instrumentation.

References:

1. Earth and Rock filled Dams -Sherard

2. Earth and Rock fill Dams -Bharat Singh & Sharma

3. Earth Manual, USSR.

Question Paper:

Duration: 3 hours

The question paper consists of Part A and Part B. Part A is for 40 marks. There will be 8 compulsory short answer

questions of 5 marks each covering entire syllabus.

Part B is for 60 marks. There will be two questions from each module. The candidate has to answer one question of

20 marks from each module.

Note: No charts, tables, codes are permitted in the Examination hall .If necessary relevant data shall be given along

with the question paper by the question paper setter.

222

03.606.4 Elective II OPEN CHANNEL AND COASTAL HYDRAULICS 3-1-0-4

Module I

Velocity distribution in open channels, momentum correction factor, energy correction factor, Pressure distribution

in curvilinear flows. Specific energy-critical depth in non-rectangular channels-M function and its uses for

trapezoidal channel-flow through channel transitions-specific force-conjugate depths-Hydraulic exponent for

uniform and critical flow. Hydraulic jump in non-rectangular channels-basic equations-sequent depth ratio-jumps in

exponential channels-jumps on sloping floor-uses of hydraulic jump-location of jump.

Module II

Gradually varied flow-dynamic equation of gradually varied flow-other forms of dynamic equation-Classification of

flow profiles

Computation of gradually varied flow profiles-direct step method-standard step method-graphical integration

method-Bresses method

Break waters-different types-Design of rubble mound break waters-Coastal erosion with special reference to Kerala

coast-shore protection methods-sea walls-Tetrapods- groynes and beach nourishment (basic ideas only).

Module III

Coastal hydraulics-water waves-classification into periodic progressive, periodic oscillatory, solitary and stationary

waves. Ocean waves-wave period-wave length and celerity. General expression for the celerity of gravity wave(no

proof required ).Relative depth-shallow water wave-deep water wave-intermediate wave-simple derivation of

celerity of wave-Length and celerity for any water depth given-deep water wave parameters(problems for wave

length and celerity)wave energy-group velocity-wave pressure on vertical walls-Sainflous analysis-Breaking of

waves-significant wave height. wave deformation-wave refraction-wave reflection-shoaling-wave diffraction(basic

ideas only)

References:

1.Flow in Open Channels-Ven Te Chow

2.Flow in Open Channels- K.Subramanya, Tata Mc Graw Hill Series

3.Estuary and Coastline Hydrodynamics-A.T.Ippen

4.Coastal Engineering Publication by KERI Peechi

5.Shore Protection Manual

6.Flow though Open Channel-Ranga Raju

Question paper:

Duration :3 hrs. The question paper consists of Part A and Part B. Part A is for 40 marks. There will be 8

compulsory short answer questions of 4 marks each covering the entire syllabus. Part B is for 60 marks. There will

be two questions from each module. The candidate has to answer one question from each module.

Note: No charts, tables, codes are permitted in the Examination hall .If necessary relevant data shall be given along

with the question paper by the question paper setter.

03.606.5 Elective II MODERN CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS 3-1-0-4

Module I

Review of properties, specifications, manufacturing methods, tests and uses for building materials stones, ceramic

materials and concrete special concretes for specific purposes lightweight concrete aerated concrete ready

mixed concrete metals, timber bituminous materials.

Module II

Recent developments in the use of glass, plastics, asbestos, wood products, adhesive polymer composites and

composite materials production and areas of application of the above materials.

Module III

Materials for thermal and acoustic insulation properties decorative finishes. Construction materials from

industrial waste and recycled materials areas of application.

Smart materials areas of application.

References:

1. Materials for Civil and Construction Engineers by Michel S. Mamlouk and J ohn P. Zaniewski

2. Building Materials Technology by L. Reed Brantley and Ruth T. Brantley

3. Civil Engineering Materials by Neil J ackson and Ravindra K. Dhir

4. Construction Materials and Processes by Don A. Watson

5. The Science and Technology of Civil Engineering Materials by F. Young, S.Mindess, R.J . Gray and A.

Bentur

223

6. Smart Materials and Structures by M.V. Gandhi and B.S. Thompson

Question paper:

Duration: 3 Hrs.

The question paper consists of Part A and Part B. Part A is for 40 marks. There will be 8 compulsory short answer

questions of 4 marks each covering the entire syllabus.

Part B is for 60 marks. There will be two questions from each module. The candidate has to answer one question

from each module.

Note: No charts, tables, codes are permitted in the Examination hall .If necessary relevant data shall be given along

with the question paper by the question paper setter.

03.606.6 Elective II WAVE HYDRODYNAMICS 3-1-0-4

Module I

Conservation of mass, moment and energy - Euler equation - Bernoulli's equation. Potential and stream function

Classification of ocean waves - Linear Wave theory: Governing equation, Boundary Condition and solutions,

Dispersion relation, constancy of wave period.

Module II

Wave kinematics:- Wave celerity, water particle velocities, accelerations ,displacements and pressures.

Approximations for deep and shallow water conditions. Integral properties of waves- mass flux energy group

celerity. Mass transport velocity

Wave Transformations-Shoaling bottom friction and damping, refraction, reflection and diffraction. Keulegan

Carpenter Number

Module III

Wave loads:- Non breaking wave forces on slender structures Morison equation. Wave loads on large bodies -

Diffraction theory- source distribution method. Wave loads on vertical walls and Caissons. Non breaking loads -

Sainflou method- Breaking forces Minikin Method Goda's method Introduction to non-linear wave theories. Stokes,

Cnoidal and solitary wave theory.

Refrences:

1. Mechanics of Wave forces on offshore structures , Sarkpakaya & Issacson

2. Water wave mechanics for engineers and scientists, Dean & Dalrymple

3. Estuary & Coastline hydrodynamics, Ippen

4. Shore protection manual ( Vol. I &. II), Costal Engineering Research Centre

5. Basic Coastal Engineering- Sorenson

Question Paper:

Duration: 3 hours

The question paper consists of Part A and Part B. Part A is for 40 marks. There will be 8 compulsory short answer

questions of 5 marks each covering entire syllabus.

Part B is for 60 marks. There will be two questions from each module. The candidate has to answer one question of

20 marks from each module.

Note: No charts, tables, codes are permitted in the Examination hall .If necessary relevant data shall be given along

with the question paper by the question paper setter.

03.607 WATER RESOURCES ENGINEERING-I 3-1-0-4

Module I

Hydrology-Hydrologic cycle-Precipitation types, forms, measurements-mean precipitation, computation-water

losses-Infiltration, Hortons equation, infiltration indices-Evaporation, measurement-runoff. Computation of runoff

by different methods-Hydrograph, Unit hydrograph, S hydrograph.

Flow of ground water-Darcys law-Steady radial flow to a well-unconfined and confined aquifers-Types of wells-

open well, artesian well and tube well-Pumping and recuperation tests-Types of tube wells (only description, no

design).

Module II

Planning of irrigation schemes-types of irrigation-lift and flow irrigation-duty of water-consumptive use(no detailed

study)

Irrigation canals-types-canal alignment-Design of canals on alluvial soils-Kennedys and Laceys silt theory-canal

lining-design of lined canals-Economics of canal lining-Typical cross sections of lined and unlined canals.

Stream flow measurement-discharge, velocity measurements-rating curve.

224

Module III

River Engineering-meandering-river training objectives, classification, river training methods-levees, guide banks,

groynes, artificial cut-offs, pitching, pitched islands, miscellaneous methods.(no design is necessary)

Reservoir-various types-zones of storage-storage capacity and yield-analytical and mass curve method-reservoir

sedimentation-control of sedimentation-useful life of reservoir.

References:

1. Water resources: Environmental planning and development-Biswas, TMH

2. Irrigation and Water Power Engineering-B.C.Punmia

3. Hydrology- K.Subramanya. Tata Mc Graw Hill Series

4. Irrigation Engineering- P.N.Modi and S.M.Seth, S.B.H Publishers and

Distributors,New Delhi.

5. Hand book of Applied Hydrology-Ven Te Chow

6. Irrigation Engineering-G.Lasawa

Question Paper:

Duration: 3 Hrs.

The question paper consists of Part A and Part B.

Part A is for 40 marks. There will be 8 compulsory short answer questions covering the entire syllabus.

Part B is for 60 marks. There will be two questions from each module. The candidate has to answer one question

from each module.

Note: No charts, tables, codes are permitted in the Examination hall .If necessary relevant data shall be given along

with the question paper by the question paper setter.

03.608 GEOTECHNICAL ENGINEERING LABORATORY 0-0-2-2

1. Determination of Field density, Specific gravity, Void ratio.

2. Sieve Analysis

3. Hydrometer Analysis

4. Atterbergs Limits

5. Permeability Tests

6. Compaction Test

7. Consolidation Test

8. Shear Tests

a) Direct Shear Test

b) Vane Shear Test

c) Triaxial Test

9. Unconfined Compression Test

10. California Bearing Ratio Test

Examination: 100 marks. Duration: 3 Hrs.

03.701 DESIGN OF STEEL STRUCTURES 3-1- 0- 4

Module - I

Properties of structural steel- Design of riveted, welded and bolted connections- Design of tension members and

compression members- Design of simple and compound beams, Eccentric connections.

Module- II

Plate girders- design of section, curtailment of flange plate, flange and web splices- Bearing and Intermediate

stiffeners - Riveted and welded connections, Gantry girders.

Columns- Design of axially and eccentrically loaded compression members- simple and built up sections- lacing and

battening - column bases- slab bases and gusseted bases.

Module- III

Light gauge steel structures- Design of tension members, compression members and beams.

Plastic design- basic assumptions - shape factor, load factor- Redistribution of moments - upper bound lower bound

and uniqueness theorems- analysis of simple and continuous beams, two span continuous beams and simple frames

by plastic theory - static and kinematic methods.

225

Reference:

1. Design of Steel Structures Vol. 1 & II, Dr. Ramachandra

2. Steel Structures, S. Ramamrutham

3. Design of Steel Structures, A. S. Arya and J . L. Ajmani

4. Steel Structures Vol. III, V. N. Vazirani and M. M. Ratwani, Khanna Publishers

5. Design of Steel Structures, P. Dayaratnam, Wheeler Publishers

6. Design of Steel Structures, S. K. Duggal, T.M.H. Publications

7. IS. Codes: 800- 1984, 811- 1987, 801- 1975

Question Paper:

Duration: 3 hours

The question paper consists of Part A and Part B. Part A is for 40 marks. There will be 8 compulsory short answer

questions of 5 marks each covering entire syllabus.

Part B is for hall.

Use of IS. Codes: 800- 1984, 811- 1987, 801- 1975 and Structural Steel Tables is permitted in the Examination Hall

Note: No other charts, tables, codes are permitted in the Examination hall .If necessary relevant data shall be given

along with the question paper by the question paper setter.

03.702 COMPUTER METHODS FOR STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS 3-0-2-5

Module I

Flexibility matrix method. Flexibility influence coefficients for continuous beams and rigid frames matrix form of

compatibility equation. Element flexibility matrices. Equilibrium matrix structure flexibility matrix. Equivalent

joint loads. Displacement of statically determinate structures analysis of statically indeterminate structures like

fixed and continuous beams rigid frames and trusses.

Module II

Stiffness method member stiffness matrices bar and beam elements compatibility matrix structure stiffness

matrix rotation of axis in two dimensions element stiffness method Analysis of kinematically indeterminate

structures like fixed and continuous beams portal frames and simple trusses.

Module III

Introduction to Finite element method Discretisation of continuous systems Different steps in the Finite element

analysis Different types of elements. Plane stress, Plain strain, 3D, Plate and shell elements -Shape functions for

CST Element and Beam & Truss elements , Element and structure stiffness matrix , Load Vector.

Refrences

1. Structural Analysis- Hibbeler

2. Matrix Methods of Strcutrual Analysis- Kanchi K,B

3. Structural Analysis- Pandit & Guptha

4. Introduction to Finite elements in Engineering- Chandrupatha & Belgundu

5. Finite Element Analysis Theory & Programming - Krishnamoorthy C S

6. An Introduction to Finite element analysis- Reddy J N

Note: The Lab work shall consist of hands on experience in Structural analysis / Design software and Drafting

packages. This should be evaluated by an assignment project to be submitted individually which will carry 50% of

the sessional marks for class work

Question Paper:

Duration: 3 hours

The question paper consists of Part A and Part B. Part A is for 40 marks. There will be 8 compulsory short answer

questions of 5 marks each covering entire syllabus.

Part B is for 60 marks. There will be two questions from each module. The candidate has to answer one question of

20 marks from each module.

Note: No charts, tables, codes are permitted in the Examination hall .If necessary relevant data shall be given along

with the question paper by the question paper setter.

03.703 DESIGN OF HYDRAULIC STRUCTURES 2-0-2-4

Module I

Dams-Gravity dams, arch dams, buttress dam, forces acting on dam-theoretical and practical profiles of gravity

dam-low dam, high dam-stability of dam-stress in elementary profile of gravity dam. Function of shafts ,galleries,

keys, water scales.

226

Arch dams-types, forces acting-design methods-Thin cylinder theory-Earth dam-different cross sections-section on

available slopes-criteria for safe design-causes of failure. Spillways-for gravity and other types of dam.

Module II

Diversion head works, layout, functions of components-cause of failure of weirs on permeable soils- Blighs theory-

design of vertical weir-Khoslas theory of independent variables-use of Khoslas charts and Blench curves.

Cross drainage works-different types-Canal falls-classification (brief description only)

Module III

Design and drawing emphasising the hydraulic aspects of the following structures:

1.Aqueduct 2.Siphon aqueduct 3.Canal Siphon 4.Notch type canal fall 5.Sarda type fall 6.Canal regulators (Khoslas

theory)

References:

1.Water Resources Engineering-Mays, McGraw Hill Co.

2.Irrigation and Power Engineering-B.C.Punmia

3.Irrigation Engineering-S.K. Garg

4.Irrigation Engineering- P.N.Modi and S.M.Seth, S.B.H Publishers and Distributors,

New Delhi.

5.Irrigation Engineering-Priyani

6.Theory & Design of Irrigation Structures Vol III-Varshney

Question paper:

Duration : 4 hrs

Part A(Compulsory) is for 20 marks(4x5)

Part B is for 20 marks covering modules I and II

Part C is for 60 marks covering module III. Candidate has to answer one out of two questions The question consists

of design and drawing parts.

Use of design charts is permitted in the Examination Hall.

Note: No other charts, tables, codes are permitted in the Examination hall .If necessary relevant data shall be given

along with the question paper by the question paper setter.

03.704 TRANSPORTATION ENGINEERING II 3-1-0-4

Module I

HIGHWAY ENGINEERING

Introduction - Historical Development of roads - Development of roads in India, classification of roads.

Highway Alignment: requirements of highway alignment - factors controlling alignment. Engineering surveys for

highway location, preparation of project report. Highway aesthetics.

Geometric Design- design controls and criteria, design speed, camber, sight distance, super-elevation, widening of

pavements on curves, horizontal curves, transition curve, vertical curves, gradient.

Traffic Engineering- traffic characteristics: Traffic studies, traffic volume study, speed studies, O-D study, parking

study. Traffic control devices - signs, markings, signals (advantages and types only), Traffic islands (design not

required).

Module II

Highway Materials- desirable properties of aggregates and bitumen - Tests on aggregate and bitumen.

Pavement Design - Types of pavement structures, Design of flexible pavements, CBR method only. Westergaards

analysis of wheel load stresses and temperature stresses in rigid pavements.

Construction: construction of earthen roads, WBM, bituminous and cement concrete roads (general awareness

only).

Maintenance Of Roads- needs, causes of failure (general awareness only).

Highway Drainage - importance, surface and sub - surface drainage systems.

Module III

AIRPORTS

Planning And Design Of Airports: Aircraft characteristics which affect planning and design of airports - airport

site selection.

Imaginary Surfaces - approach zone, clear zone and turning zone.

Runway Design - Orientation, wind rose diagram - basic runway length computation, correction due to elevation,

temperature and gradient, runway geometric design features, Taxiway design requirements.

Terminal Design - terminal building, facilities required.

227

Apron: size and gate positions - parking configuration, parking system.

Typical Airport Layouts: Runway configurations.

Airport Landing Aids-Airport Markings, Airport lighting, Air traffic control aids, Landing aids-ILS

References:

1. Tranportation Engineering- Rao G.V., Tata McGraw Hill Co.

2. Highway Engineering- Khanna . S.K. and J usto C.E.G., New Chand & Bros, Roorkie.

3. Traffic Engineering and Transport Planning - Kadiyali. L.R., Khanna Publishers.

4. Planning and Design of Airports- Robert Horonjeff and Francis M. Mc kelvey

5. Airport Planning and Design - Khanna S.K. and Arora .M.G.

6. Principles of Transportation Engineering- Partha Chakraborthy, Animesh Das,

Prentice Hall India.

Question paper:

Duration: 3 Hrs.

The question paper consists of Part A and Part B.

Part A is for 40 marks. There will be 8 compulsory short answer questions of 5 marks each covering the entire

syllabus.

Part B is for 60 marks. There will be two questions from each module. The candidate has to answer one question

from each module.

Note: No charts, tables, codes are permitted in the Examination hall .If necessary relevant data shall be given along

with the question paper by the question paper setter.

03.705 ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING I 3-1-0-4

Module I

Introduction to Environment, eco-system-components (brief description only). Scope of environmental engineering.

Importance and necessity for planned water supplies- Quantity of water- Forecasting population- Rate of

consumption for various purposes- Factors affecting consumption Fluctuations in demand- Importance of surface

sources-Capacity of storage reservoirs- Intake structures and conveyance- Pumps and location of pumping station-

Quality of water- Drinking water standards, Physical chemical and biological analysis- location and layout of water

treatment plant.

Module II

Treatment of water- Theory and design principles of sedimentation tank- Stoke's law Types of settling- Coagulation-

Mixing- Flocculation- Design of flocculator and clariflocculator- Filtration -slow sand filter, rapid sand filter,

pressure filter-Design of rapid sand filter, slow sand filter.

Module III

Disinfection of water, different methods-Types of chlorination-Chlorine demand Residual chlorine-Miscellaneous

treatment-Softening-Iron and Manganese removal, Fluoridation and defluoridation. .

Distribution of water, different methods, layouts- Design of water distribution systems, Hardy Cross method,

Equivalent pipe method-Capacity of service reservoirs- Pipe appurtenances.

References:

I. Water Supply Engineering -S.K.Garg.

2. Water Supply Engineering -Dr.B.C.Punmia.

3. Water Supply Engineering -P.N.Modi.

4. Water Supply and Sanitary Engineering-Gurucharan Singh

5.Text book of Environmental Engineering- P. Venugopal Rao

6.Water Supply and Pollution Control- Veisman, 6/e, Pearson Education

Question paper :

Duration : 3 Hrs

The question paper consists of Part A and Part B. Part A is for 40 marks. There will be 8 compulsory short answer

questions of 5 marks each covering the entire syllabus.

Part B is for 60 marks. There will be two questions from each module. The candidate has to answer one question

from each module.

Use of Design charts is permitted in the Examination Hall.

Note: No other charts, tables, codes are permitted in the Examination hall .If necessary the same shall be given

along with the question paper by the question paper setter.

228

03.706.1 Elective -III REINFORCED EARTH 3-1-0-4

Module I

Introduction-history ancient and modern structures-application areas

General theory-Stress strain relationship of reinforced soil-Factors affecting the performance and behaviour of

reinforced soil-Reinforcement, reinforcement distribution, soil, soil state-construction-action and relevance of

reinforcement in soils

Materials-Soil/fill- cohesionless fill cohesive frictional fill-cohesive fill-Waste materials-Reinforcement-Types of

reinforcing materials-Properties-facings

Module II

Design-Conceptual design-General aspects-overall stability of vertically faced structures-Different Methods

Analysis and design of reinforced retaining structures with metallic reinforcement-Simple problems-Identification of

failure wedge-J urans Method

Bearing capacity of reinforced earth foundation-Brief discussion of Binquett and Lees Method

Module III

Construction methods of reinforced retaining walls-Concertina Method-Telescope method-Sliding method

Costs and Economic - Durability

Geotextiles-Functions-Separation-Filtration-Drainage-Reinforcement

Case histories

References:

Earth Reinforcement and Soil Structures -Colin J FP J ones

Question Paper:

Duration: 3 hours

The question paper consists of Part A and Part B. Part A is for 40 marks. There will be 8 compulsory short answer

questions covering entire syllabus.

Part B is for 60 marks. There will two questions from each module. The candidate has to answer one question of 20

marks from each module.

Note: No charts, tables, codes are permitted in the Examination hall .If necessary relevant data shall be given along

with the question paper by the question paper setter.

03.706.2 Elective-III DEEP FOUNDATIONS 3-1-0-4

Module I

Introduction Timber piles-steel piles, Soil properties for static pile capacity ultimate static pile point capacity

Skin resistance capacity Static pile capacity examples static pile capacity using load-transfer load-test data

tension piles Piles for resisting uplift-Laterally loaded piles pile driving -rational pile formulae Other dynamic

formulae Reliability of dynamic pile driving formulae Pile Load tests Pile driving stresses general comments

on pile driving.

Module II

Single pile vs. Pile groups Pile-group considerations efficiency of pile groups Stress on underlying strata from

piles settlements of pile groups batter piles negative skin friction pile caps drilled piers Other practical

consideration for drilled piers.

Module III

Well foundation introduction-types of wells-caissons -components of a well foundation-shapes of wells-depth of a

well foundation-forces acting on well foundation lateral stability of well foundation construction and sinking of

well Design of well cap Design of well steining Tilts and shifts.

References:

1. Analysis and design of foundation-J oseph E. Bowles

2. Soil Mechanics and Foundation Engineering- K.R.Arora

3. Foundation Engineering- Tomlinson

4. Analysis and design of substructures -Swami Saran

Question Paper:

Duration: 3 hours

The question paper consists of Part A and Part B. Part A is for 40 marks. There will be 8 compulsory short answer

questions of 5 marks each covering entire syllabus.

229

Part B is for 60 marks. There will be two questions from each module. The candidate has to answer one question of

20 marks from each module.

Note: No charts, tables, codes are permitted in the Examination hall .If necessary relevant data shall be given along

with the question paper by the question paper setter.

03.706.3 Elective III THEORY OF ELASTICITY 3-1-0-4

Module I

Analysis of stress and strain in three dimensions stress at a point, transformation, principal stress, surface force and

body forces, equations of equilibrium. Homogeneous deformation, strain at a point, principal axes of strain,

compatibility equations. Invarients of stress and strain. Equation of theory of elasticity, Generalised Hooks law-

reduction in number of elastic constants for orthotropic, transversely isotropic and isotropic media. Stress strain

relations. Equations of equilibrium in terms of displacements conditions of compatibility in terms of stresses.

Method of solution of the elasticity problems. Stress displacement and mixed methods. The principle of

superposition. St. Venants principle.

Module II

Two-dimensional problems in rectangular coordinates Generalized plane stress and plane strain, Basic equations,

stress functions, solutions by polynomials, Bending of a cantilever loaded at free end and bending of a beam by

uniform load. Solution in the form of Fourier series for a simply supported beam subjected to continuous loads.

Two-dimensional problems in polar co ordinates, Basic equations in polar co ordinates, Axi-symmetric stress

distribution curved beams, thick cylinders, rotating disc. General solution bending of a curved bar by a force at the

end, effect of circular holes on stress distribution in plates. Concentrated force at a point of a straight boundary,

circular disc subjected to diametrical compression.

Module III

Energy principles-strain energy, principles of virtual work, Theorem of minimum potential energy, theorem of

minimum complementary energy. Finite difference method, application to torsional problems, plane problems, plate

bending problem.

Torsion of prismatic members, circular cross section, non-circular rectangular and elliptic section, membrane

analogy.

References:

1) Theory of elasticity- S. P. Timoshenko and J .N. Goodier

2) Mathematical theory of elasticity I.N. Sokolnikoff

3) Elasticity in Engineering - Ernest E Sechler

Question Paper:

Duration: 3 hours

The question paper consists of Part A and Part B. Part A is for 40 marks. There will be 8 compulsory short answer

questions covering entire syllabus.

Part B is for 60 marks. There will two questions from each module. The candidate has to answer one question of 20

marks from each module.

Note: No charts, tables, codes are permitted in the Examination hall .If necessary relevant data shall be given along

with the question paper by the question paper setter.

03.706.4 Elective III AIR POLLUTION CONTROL 3-1-0-4

Module I

Sources, effects and properties of specific air pollutants-behaviour and fate of air pollutants-photochemical oxidants-

effect of air pollution on man's health, vegetation, animal, materials and properties-green house effect.

Meteorological aspects of air pollution-temperature and pressure relationships-atmospheric stability-inversions.

Wind velocity and turbulent diffusion topographical effects-lapse rate and dispersion plume behaviour- maximum

mixing depth- types of plumes

Module II

Dispersion of air pollutants-plume dispersion theory. Pasquill's stability curves ,Gaussian plume model, Pasquill

Gifford diffusion curves-application of specific dispersion problems involving point source and line source -Design

of stacks-Estimation of plume rise.

Air Quality monitoring-ambient air sampling-Ringlemann's chart-particulate sampling-stack sampling-Analysis of

air pollutants. Particulate control devices settling chambers-cyclones, scrubbers ,filters-Electrostatic precipitators.

230

Module III

Control of gaseous emissions-adsorption and absorption techniques and equipments-contact condensers-combustion-

thermal and catalytic combustion

Control of specific gaseous pollutants, carbon monoxide, sulphur dioxide, nitrogen oxides and hydrocarbons,

automobile exhaust

Air Quality standards-industrial hygiene and in plant safety to workers

References:

1) Air Pollution - Stern ( I,II,III)

2) Air Pollution - M.N.Rao,H.V.N.Rao, T.M.H.

3) Environmental Pollution Control Engineering - C.S. Rao

4) Water Supply, Waste disposal and Environmental Engineering - A.K. Chatterji.

Question paper :

Duration : 3 Hrs

The question paper consists of Part A and Part B

Part A is for 40 marks. There will be 8 compulsory short answer questions of 5 marks each covering the entire

syllabus.

Part B is for 60 marks. There will be two questions from each module. The candidate has to answer one question

from each module.

Use of Design charts is permitted in the Examination hall

Note: No other charts, tables, codes are permitted in the Examination hall .If necessary relevant data shall be given

along with the question paper by the question paper setter.

03.706.5 Elective III TRAFFIC ENGINEERING 3-1-0-4

Module I

Traffic Engineering: Definition, Functions.

Road User, Vehicle And The Road: Human factors governing road user behaviour - Vehicular characteristics.

Traffic Surveys: Speed, J ourney time and delay study Methods-Moving observer method, Presentation of data-

grouping of speed data, cumulative frequency curve, problems. Vehicle volume counts and classifications - methods

Parking surveys. Uses of photographic techniques in traffic survey.

Origin- Destination Surveys- methods, zoning and presentation of results.

Module II

Traffic Controls: Different types of traffic signs and markings. Traffic signals - design, coordinated signals-time-

distance diagram -area traffic control-Other traffic control aids and street furniture.

Intersections And Interchanges Types-Planning and layout

Traffic Safety: Accidents-causes and prevention.

Parking: Zoning and parking space requirements-On street and off street parking.

Traffic Management-Concept and techniques.

ITS, GIS And GPS- Introduction to Intelligent Transportation Systems, Geographic Information System and

Global Positioning System

Street Lighting- Necessity, methods, arrangement- at carriageways, T, rotary, bend, bridge, tunnels.

Module III

Highway Capacity And Level Of Service: Definitions - PCU-LOS concept, Factors affecting capacity and LOS.

Capacity of highways, urban streets, rotary, weaving sections and intersections.

Theory Of Traffic Flow: Fundamental diagram of traffic flow-Relationship among the variables.

Reference:

1. Traffic Engineering & Transport Planning- Kadiyali L R, Khanna Publishers.

2. Traffic Planning and Engineering- Hobbs, F .D., Pergamon Press

3. Traffic Engineering- Mc. Shane, William R., Roess, Roger P., Prentice Hall ,New J ersey.

4. An Introduction Transportation Engineering - J otin Khisty C., Kent Lall B., Prentice Hall.

5. Principles of Transportation Engineering - Partha Chakraborthy, Animesh Das, Prentice Hall India.

6. Recommended Practice for Traffic Roataries - IRC 65-1976

7. Guidelines for capacity of roads in rural areas -IRC 64-1990

8. Traffic studies for planning By-passes around towns -IRC 102-1988

9. Guidelines for Capacity of Urban roads in plain areas- IRC 106-1990

10. Guidelines for design and installation of Road Traffic Signals -IRC 93- 1985

11. Road accident forms- IRC 53-1982.

231

12. Traffic Census on Non-urban roads -IRC 9-1972.

Question paper:

Duration: 3 Hrs.

The question paper consists of Part A and Part B. Part A is for 40 marks. There will be 8 compulsory short answer

questions of 5 marks each covering the entire syllabus .

Part B is for 60 marks. There will be two questions from each module. The candidate has to answer one question

from each module.

Note: No charts, tables, codes are permitted in the Examination hall .If necessary relevant data shall be given along

with the question paper by the question paper setter.

03.706.6 Elective III PRE STRESSED CONCRETE 3-1-0-4

Review- Basic concept and principles of pre-stressed concrete systems- loss of pre-stress. Design and analysis of

pre-stressed section for flexure- study of code provision - comparisons of IS code with other codes.

Module I

Complete design of post and pre-tensioned simply supported PSC beams -including end block design- cable profile-

shear, bond, deflection. Design and analysis of post and pre-tensioned PSC slabs- Economic span, load balancing,

Serviceability requirements- deflection and cracking limit states.

Module II

Analysis and design of statically indeterminate structures-simple cases of cantilever beams and slabs con-cordancy

and linear transformation. Elementary idea of composite construction for tee beams in bridges. Design criteria for a

two-hinged portal frames.

Module III

Design criteria and manufacturing methods of uniformly pre-stressed members.

PC poles, pipes and railway sleepers. Partial pre-stressing- Definitions principles and design approaches.

References :-

1. Design of Pre-stressed Concrete Structures- Lin. T.Y, Asia Publishing.

2. Pre-stressed Concrete, Sinha., Tata McGraw Hill Co.

3 Mechanics of Prestressed CocreteDesign , Mallick and Rangaswamy., Khanna Publishers.

4. Introduction to Prestressed Concrete Vol I&II -Guyon y, Asia Publishing

5. Prestressed Concrete- Krishna Raju. , Tata Mc Graw Hill Co.

6. Prestressed Concrete -Pandit & Gupta., CBS

7.Reinforced and Prestressed Concrete -F.K.Hong & R.H.Evans.,Tata McGraw Hill Co.

8. IS 1343-1980., and IS 1343-1980.

Question paper:

Duration: 3 Hrs.

The question paper consists of Part A and Part B.

Part A is for 40 marks. There will be 8 compulsory short answer questions of 5 marks each covering the entire

syllabus . Part B is for 60 marks. There will be two questions from each module. The candidate has to answer one

question from each module. Use of IS 1343, IS 456-2000 is permitted.

Note: No charts, tables, codes are permitted in the Examination hall .If necessary relevant data shall be given along

with the question paper by the question paper setter.

03.706.7 Elective III DESIGN OF OFFSHORE STRUCTURES 3-1-0-4

Module I

Introduction to Ocean oil gas and other resources near shore structures - Different types of ocean structures and

systems - Gravity, fixed, floating semi submersibles, submersibles Tension leg platforms Guyed tower.

Design of fixed offshore jacket platforms - Tubular structures Tubular joints - Stress concentration factor. Formulae

for design of joints - API Code Deck Structure Analysis for wind load Installation procedure - Basic principles of

design of concrete offshore platforms - J ack up platforms

Module II

Basic principles of design of concrete offshore platforms - J ack up platforms

Design of compliant structures forces & bending moments in floating platforms Design principles of articulated

towers - Tension leg platforms

232

Module Ill

Submarine pipelines - Laying - different methods - Equilibrium equation. Cables- Forces in cable - Critical angle -

Neutrally buoyant cables. Design of submarine pipelines

References:

1. Offshore structural Engineering, Dawson

2. Applied offshore Structural Engineering, Teng H

3. Wave Hydrodynamics, Chakraborthy

Question paper:

Duration: 3 Hrs.

The question paper consists of Part A and Part B.

Part A is for 40 marks. There will be 8 compulsory short answer questions of 5marks each covering the entire

syllabus . Part B is for 60 marks. There will be two questions from each module. The candidate has to answer one

question from each module.

Note: No charts, tables, codes are permitted in the Examination hall .If necessary relevant data shall be given along

with the question paper by the question paper setter.

03.706.8 Elective. III PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT 3-1-0-4

Module 1

Personnel management in organizations definition functions - role and functions of personnel manager analysis

and designing of jobs human resource planning and procurement recruitment and selection induction and

placement training and development.

Module II

Work and productivity analysis work-study factors influencing productivity tools to assess productivity

productivity improvement techniques wage and salary administration theories of wages.

Module III

Behavioural science aspects motivation of individuals definition theories of motivation - management of

groups leadership definition leaders vs. managers communication communication process factors

affecting communication barriers to effective communication improving interpersonal and organizational

communication.

References:

1. Productivity Improvement in Construction Clarkson Oglesby, Henry Parker, Gregory Howell

2. Organisational Behaviour Fred Luthans

Question paper:

Duration: 3 Hrs.

The question paper consists of Part A and Part B.

Part A is for 40 marks. There will be 8 compulsory short answer questions of 5marks each covering the entire

syllabus . Part B is for 60 marks. There will be two questions from each module. The candidate has to answer one

question from each module.

Note: No charts, tables, codes are permitted in the Examination hall .If necessary relevant data shall be given along

with the question paper by the question paper setter.

03.706.9 Elective III HYDROLOGY AND WATER RESOURCES 3-1-0-4

Module I

Basic concept of Hydrology and Hydrology cycle- Graphical representation of rainfall- Hydrograph- Mass curve-

Estimation of Optimum Rain Gauges- Analysis of rain fall data- Correlation of rainfall records- Design storm and

PMP Estimation of missing precipitation data- station year method, normal ratio method- consistency of rainfall

data- double mass analysis- water losses- evaporation- transpiration- evapo-transpiration (consumptive use)

infiltration- infiltration index, infiltration capacity curve equation of infiltration capacity curve

( Hortons equation) (Problem from rainfall analysis and infiltration)

Module II

Runoff catchment characteristics estimation of runoff- Rational method- Unit hydrograph analysis- derivation of

unit hydrograph from flood hydrograph- unit hydrograph for Complex storms- instantaneous and synthetic unit

hydrograph- alteration of unit hydrograph duration- Bernad distribution graph.

Stream gauging- Area velocity method- current meter- rating of current meter- Stage discharge rating curve-

Extension of stage discharge rating curve- Adjustment of stage discharge rating curve- selection of site for a stream

233

gauging station.

ModuleIII

Floods and their estimation- definition, causes, design flood, chance flood, estimation of design flood, and flood

frequency- empirical formula such as Dickens Ryves statistical method California method- Gumbels method

Flood routing- reservoir routing- trial and error method- inflow hydrograph outflow hydrograph- channel routing-

Buckinghammethod

Flood control methods- Flood control reservoirs- retarding basins construction of levees- channel improvement-

soil conservation method- flood forecasting and warning. (Problems from flood routing and channel routing)

Reference:

1. Engineering Hydrology, E. Subrahmanya

2. Hydrology, Prof. H. M. Fegumath (Wiley Eastern Ltd.)

3. Hydrology & Water resources engineering, S. K. Garg, Khanna Pubblishers

4. Hand book of applied Hydorlogy, Ven. Techow

5. Applied Hydrology, Linsley, Kohier and Paullus

6. Irrigation and Power Engineering, Dr. B. C. Punmia

Question Paper:

Duration: 3 hours

The question paper consists of Part A and Part B. Part A is for 40 marks. There will be 8 compulsory short answer

questions of 5 marks each covering entire syllabus.

Part B is for 60 marks. There will be two questions from each module. The candidate has to answer one question of

20 marks from each module.

Note: No charts, tables, codes are permitted in the Examination hall .If necessary relevant data shall be given along

with the question paper by the question paper setter.

03.706.10 Elective III INTRODUCTION TO ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE METHODS 3-1-0-4

Module I

Introduction to Artificial Intelligence Definition Typical AI Problems Knowledge representation and search

philosophical issues Requirements of knowledge representation languages semantic Networks Frames

Predicate Logic Rule Based Systems Forward and Backward chaining Comparison of different

representation methods.

Module II

Expert system & Search Heuristic Knowledge Engineering Expert System Designing an Expert System

Backward chaining Rule based Expert systems Expert systems for Civil Engineering problems. Explanation

facilities Bayerss theorem case study of MYCIN

Search techniques, Breadth first search, depth first search, Heuristic search Hill climbing, Best first search, A*

algorithm, Problem solving as search, Planning, Game planning Minimax and alpha beta proving . Different

problems in NLP, Speech Recognition, Syntactic Analysis Grammars and Parsing, Semantics, Pragmatics,

Amingnity in NL, NL Generation.

Module III

Computer Vision Different levels of vision processing Low level processing edge deletion line filling depth &

Orientation information Object recognition Practical vision system.

Advanced Topics Machine Learning Introduction Genetic Algorithm Neural Networks Back propagation

Multi layer network Applications to Civil Engineering Problems.

Text Book:

Alison Cawsey, The Essence of Artificial Intelligence, Prentice Hall Europe , 1998

Reference Books:

1. Introduction to Artificial Intelligence, International Student Edition, Charniak & McDermott, Addison

Wesley, 1998.

2. Introduction to Artificial Intelligence and Expert Systems, Dan W Patterson, Prentice Hall of India,

New Delhi 1992.

3. Artificial Intelligence, Winston

4. Principles of Artificial Intelligence, Nilsson, Narosa, 1998

5. Artificial Intelligence, Elianc Rich, MCH

6. Artificial Intelligence an Engineering Approach, Robert J . Schalkoff, MCH

Question Paper:

234

Duration: 3 hours

The question paper consists of Part A and Part B. Part A is for 40 marks. There will be 8 compulsory short answer

questions of 5 marks each covering entire syllabus.

Part B is for 60 marks. There will be two questions from each module. The candidate has to answer one question of

20 marks from each module.

Note: No charts, tables, codes are permitted in the Examination hall .If necessary relevant data shall be given along

with the question paper by the question paper setter.

03.707 TRANSPORTATION ENGINEERING LAB 0-0-2-2

1. Tests on Aggregates

a. Crushing Value

b. Los-Angeles Abrasion Value

c. Impact Value

d. Specific Gravity

e. Water Absorption

f. Shape Test Flakiness Index, Elongation Index & Angularity Number

2. Tests on Bitumen

g. Penetration Test

h. Ductility Test

i. Softening Point Test

j. Specific Gravity

k. Flash Point Test

l. Viscosity Test

3. Tests on Soil

m. Modified Proctor Compaction Test

n. CBR Test

Reference:

Highway Engineering,- Khanna S. K. & J usto C. E. G Nem Chand & Bros., Roorkee.

Examination:- 100 Marks, Duration:- 3 hrs.

03.708 Seminar/ Project/ Survey Camp

Survey Camp should be completed before the commencement of 7

th

semester , for 2 weeks duration. Total 50 marks

for 03.708 can be distributed as 20+20+10 for seminar, survey camp & preliminary work for the 8

th

semester

project respectively.

03.801 DESIGN AND DRAWING OF REINFORCED CONCRETE STRUCTURES 2-0-2-4

Module I

Design of retaining walls -limit state method cantilever and counter-fort retaining walls with horizontal and

inclined surcharge

Water tanks basic principles of working stress method design of circular, square and rectangular water tanks at

ground level and overhead, complete design excluding supporting structure design of domes for circular water

tanks.

Drawing and detailing of structures designed.

Module II

Road Bridges IRC specifications- Class A, Class AA loading Design of slab bridges, T-beam and slab bridges -

Structural design of pile and pile cap.

Flat slabs analysis of flat slab direct design method principles of equivalent frame method design of flat slabs

for flexure and shear.

Drawing and detailing of structures designed

References:

1. Reinforced concrete design -S N Sinha

2. Advanced RCC Design Krishnaraju

3. RCC Design- J ain and J aikrishna

4. Concrete structures- V N Vazirani & M M Ratwani

5. Limit State Design- Ramachandra

235

6. RCC Design - S Ramamrutham

7. Essentials of Bridge Engineering- V J honson

8. I S Code 456:2000, 3370 (parts I-IV), IRC 6 & 21

9. Limit State Design of Reinforced concrete- P.C. Varghese, Prentice Hall of India Ltd.

10. Structural Design and Drawing Reinforced Concrete & Steel- N. Krishna Raju, Universities Press.

Question paper

Duration : 4 hrs

The question paper consists of Part A and Part B.

Part A contains 2 compulsory questions of 10 marks each.

Part B Answer one out of two questions from each module.

Each question carries 40 marks; 20 marks for design and 20 marks for drawing.

Use of IS Code 456:2000, 3370 (parts I-IV), IRC 6 & 21and design charts are permitted in the Examination Hall.

Note: No other charts, tables, codes are permitted in the Examination hall .If necessary relevant data shall be given

along with the question paper by the question paper setter.

03-802 DESIGN AND DRAWING OF STEEL STRUCTURES 2-0-2-4

Module I

Water tanks-Design of rectangular steel tanks-Pressed steel tanks-Cylindrical tanks with

hemispherical bottom-Design of supporting towers and its foundation. Roofs -Design of purlins and trusses for

D.L,.L.L. and wind loads-angular and tubular sections-Drawings of the structures designed above.

Module II

Steel chimneys-IS Specifications-Design of self supporting Chimneys.

Railway loading standards-Design of plate girder and Truss bridge-bracings and bearings. Drawings of the structures

designed above.

References:

1.Design of Steel Structures- Raghupathy T .M.H.

2.Steel and Timber Structures Vol.III, V.N. Vazirani and M.M. Ratwani

3.Design of Steel Structures Vol. III, Dr. Ramachandra

4.Steel Structures, S. Ramamrutham

5.Design of Steel Structures, AS. Arya and J . L. Ajmani

6.IS. Codes 800- 1984, 875 part (1,2 & 3)-1987,6533 part (2) - 1989,1161-1979,801,1965

Question paper

Duration : 4 hrs

The question paper consists of Part A and Part B.

Part A contains 2 compulsory questions of 10 marks each

Part B Answer one out of two questions from each module

Each question carries 40 marks; 20 marks for design and 20 marks for drawing.

Use of IS. Codes 800- 1984, 875 part (1,2 & 3)-1987,6533 part (2) - 1989,1161-1979,801,1965 and Structural Steel

Tables are permitted.

Note: No other charts, tables, codes are permitted in the Examination hall .If necessary relevant data shall be given

along with the question paper by the question paper setter.

03.803 CONSTRUCTION MANAGEMENT 3-1-0-4

Module 1

Scientific management principles relevance in construction industry.

Construction management need objectives functions stages construction team resources in construction

industry.

Project management life cycle of a construction project data collection and analysis techno-economic

feasibility study cost-benefit analysis rate of return analysis.

Organization - importance types.

Value Engineering.

Computer capabilities in management.

Module II

236

Bidding tenders, tendering procedure award of tenders qualification of contractors contracts types of

contracts execution of works methods of recording progress of work - payment for works - labour welfare

safety measures in construction quality management in construction.

Module III

Construction planning and scheduling preparation of different types of schedules methods of scheduling bar

charts networks Critical Path Method Programme Evaluation and Review Technique updating of schedules

time-cost trade-off Resource Planning.

References:

1. Construction Management and Planning B. Sengupta and H.Guha (Tata McGraw

Hill Publishing Company Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi)

2. Construction Management and Accounts B. L. Gupta, Amit Gupta (Standard

Publishers Distributors, Delhi)

3. PERT and CPM- Principles and Applications, third edition L.S. Srinath (Affiliated

East-West Press Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi)

4. A Management Guide to PERT / CPM with GERT/ PDM / DCPM and other networks,

second edition J erome D. Wiest and Ferdinand K. Levy (Prentice Hall of India Pvt.

Ltd., New Delhi)

Question Paper:

Duration: 3 hours

The question paper consists of Part A and Part B. Part A is for 40 marks. There will be 8 compulsory short answer

questions of 5 marks each covering entire syllabus.

Part B is for 60 marks. There will be two questions from each module. The candidate has to answer one question of

20 marks from each module.

Note: No charts, tables, codes are permitted in the Examination hall .If necessary relevant data shall be given along

with the question paper by the question paper setter.

03.804 ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING- II 3-1-0-4

Module I

Introduction to environment and pollution- pollutant (definition ),classification of pollutant, forms of pollution, Air

pollution, water pollution, land pollution, noise pollution ( Brief description only- detailed study not required )

Waste water sources-quantity, characteristics, cycles of decay, sampling, population equivalent, Systems of

sewerage-Sewer materials-Types, construction, maintenance -Sewer appurtenances-Manholes-Catch basins Flushing

devices-Inverted siphon.

Module II

Principles of house drainage, systems of plumbing, plumbing fixtures, Design of circular sewers-

Sewage disposal-Dilution-Self purification of streams-Streeter Phelp' s equation-Oxygen sag curve-Land treatment-

Design of screen and grit chamber-primary treatment-Design of sedimentation tank.

Module III

Secondary treatment- design, principle and operation-Trickling filter-Intermittent sand filter-Activated sludge

process.

Sludge digestion-theory, design of sludge digestion tank-Methods of sludge disposal Septic tank-Imhoff tank-theory

and design-Miscellaneous treatment-Aerated lagoons Stabilization ponds-Oxidation ditch.

References:

I.Elements of Public Health Engineerlng-K.N.Duggal

2.Waste water Engineering-.B.C.Punmia

3.Water supply, Waste disposal, Environmental Pollution Engineering -A.K.Chatterjee

4.Sewage Dispopsal and Air Pollution engineering-S.K.Garg

5.Water Supply and Sanitary Engineering-Gurucharan Singh

6. Environmental and Pollution awareness- B.R.Sharma

Question Paper:

Duration: 3 hours

The question paper consists of Part A and Part B. Part A is for 40 marks. There will be 8 compulsory short answer

questions of 5 marks each covering entire syllabus.

Part B is for 60 marks. There will be two questions from each module. The candidate has to answer one question of

20 marks from each module.

Use of Design Charts is permitted in the Examination Hall.

237

Note: No other charts, tables, codes are permitted in the Examination hall .If necessary relevant data shall be given

along with the question paper by the question paper setter.

03.805.1 Elective IV GROUND WATER ENGINEERING 3-1-0-4

Module I

Vertical distribution of ground water. Types of Aquifers-confined, unconfined, leaky and perched aquifers. Aquifer

properties affecting ground water-porosity, specific gravity, specific yield, specific retention, storage coefficient,

coefficient of permeability and transmissibility. Steady unidirectional flow-steady radial flow to a well. Partial

differential equations governing unsteady ground water flow, unsteady radial flow towards well. Evaluation of

aquifer parameters by Theis, J acob's and Chow's method.

Module II

Well flow near aquifer boundaries-Image well system. Characteristic well losses, specific capacity

Water wells-types-methods of constructing shallow wells, methods of constructing deep wells-Cable tool method,

Hydraulic rotary method, reverse rotary method. Well completion. Design of a gravel packed well. Well

development-different methods. Well protection. Well rehabilitation. Horizontal wells-infiltration galleries (design),

Collector wells.

Module III

Surface and Subsurface Investigation of ground water-different methods(special mention to electrical resistivity

method and seismic refraction method).Quality of ground water- Physical, Chemical and Biological analysis.

Graphic representations. Pollution of ground water-sources of pollution, distribution of pollution underground.

Evaluation of pollution potential. Saline water intrusion-Ghyben- Herzberg eqn., preventive measures. Artificial

recharge-different methods.

References:

l.Ground Water Hydrology-D.K Todd-Wiley International Ed;Toppan &Company Ltd,

Tokyo.

2.Ground Water Hydrology-H.M Raghunath-Wiley Eastern limited.

3.Ground Water Manual-A Water Resources Technical Publication.

4.Ground Water Assessment,Development and Management-Karanth

5.Ground Water and tubewells-S.P. Garg.Oxford &IBH Publishing Company.

6.Ground Water Hydrology-Herman Bouwer, Mc Graw Hill Kogakusha Ltd.

Question Paper:

Duration: 3 hours

The question paper consists of Part A and Part B. Part A is for 40 marks. There will be 8 compulsory short answer

questions of 5 marks each covering entire syllabus.

Part B is for 60 marks. There will be two questions from each module. The candidate has to answer one question of

20 marks from each module.

Note: No charts, tables, codes are permitted in the Examination hall .If necessary relevant data shall be given along

with the question paper by the question paper setter.

03.805.2 Elective IV DESIGN OF PORT, HARBOUR & COASTAL STRUCTURES 3-1-0-4

Module I

Design of Harbour / Port Structures - Loads on Wharfs, J etties, Dolphins Live Load for different classes of Cargo -

Dead load Wind / wave loads, Loads due to Crane Lateral loads Mooring & Berthing forces - fenders -Bollards -

Design of the above structures as per IS 4651.

Module II

Shore Protection Structures - Principles of design of sea walls, dikes, Groin fields, detached breakwaters. Artificial

beach nourishment. Soft methods of coastal protection Littoral drift - effect of man made structures on the natural

littoral drift. Methods for overcoming imbalance of littoral drift - sand bypassing groynes, Environmental Impact

studies.

Module III

Breakwaters - Type and selection Criteria. Assessment of design input conditions. Environmental force stability

criteria. Design principles of Rubble mound, Caisson type, Composite type breakwaters. Different types of armour

units. Floating breakwaters special types of breakwaters.

238

References:

1. Shore Protection Manual, Vol. I &II, Costal Engineering Research Centre

2. Hand Book of Costal& Ocean Engineering, Ed. Herbich

3. Design and Construction of Ports and Marine Structures Alonzo Deff Quinn

Question Paper:

Duration: 3 hours

The question paper consists of Part A and Part B. Part A is for 40 marks. There will be 8 compulsory short answer

questions of 5 marks each covering entire syllabus.

Part B is for 60 marks. There will be two questions from each module. The candidate has to answer one question of

20 marks from each module.

Note: No charts, tables, codes are permitted in the Examination hall .If necessary relevant data shall be given along

with the question paper by the question paper setter.

03.805.3 Elective IV INSTRUMENTATION FOR ENGINEERING MEASUREMENTS 3-1-0-4

Module I

The measurement system - Purpose Structure and elements Characteristics of measurement system Accuracy,

precision, repeatability Calibration Standards and evaluation. Dynamic Characteristics.

Measurement of strain. Electrical resistance strain gauges. Vibrating wire strain gauges strain gauge bridges Force

transducers Load cells different types force balance pressure gauges.

Module II

Measurement of displacement Linear Variable displacement transducer, Inductive type, Applications - Motion

measurement - Potentiometer - Principles of Optical & Gyroscope motion measurement.

Measurement of Acceleration Accelerometers - Characteristics of Accelerometers. Integration technique for

displacement from acceleration

Measurement of Distance - Principle of Laser distance meter - Applications Measurement of Velocity - Principle of

Radar velocity meter.

Module III

Non Destructive Testing Methods - Ultrasonic methods - Hardness methods - Rebound Hammer - Detection of

embedded reinforcement

Acoustic Measurement- Sound level meter

Indicating & recording elements - Chart recorders - Cathode Ray Oscilloscope Computer based data acquisition

systems

Statistical Analysis - errors in measurement - Best estimate of true value Normal Distribution - confidence level

References:

1. Principles of measurement systems, Bently J P, Longman 1983

2. Instrumentation Measurement & Analysis, Nakra & Chowdhry, Tata McGraw Hill

3. Engineering Measurements & Instrumentation, Adams, English University Press 1975

4. Measurement Systems Application & Design , Doblin E. A., Mc Graw Hill 1975

5. Mechanical Measurements, Beekwith, Pearson

Question Paper:

Duration: 3 hours

The question paper consists of Part A and Part B. Part A is for 40 marks. There will be 8 compulsory short answer

questions of 5 marks each covering entire syllabus.

Part B is for 60 marks. There will be two questions from each module. The candidate has to answer one question of

20 marks from each module.

Note: No charts, tables, codes are permitted in the Examination hall .If necessary relevant data shall be given along

with the question paper by the question paper setter.

03.805.4 Elective -IV ADVANCED FOUNDATION ENGINEERING 3-1-0-4

Module I

Lateral earth pressure-stress conditions in a soil mass-plastic states of equilibrium-Rankines earth pressure theory-

layered c- soils-graphical methods for estimation of earth pressure-Rebhanns and Culmanns method.

Module II

Sheet pile walls-Types and uses-analysis of cantilevered sheet pile walls in granular and clayey soils [fixed earth and

free earth support methods]

239

Module III

Laterally loaded piles-situations under which pile foundations are to be designed for lateral loads-estimation of

ultimate lateral load on piles in cohesive and cohesionless soils-Bromsapproach-Canadian foundation engineering

manual method

References:

1. Foundation analysis and design J .E. Bowles

2. Analysis and Design of Substructures - Swami Saran

3. Basic and Applied Soil Mechanics Gopal Ranjan and Rao

4. Foundation Design Manual N.V. Nayak

Question Paper:

Duration:3 hours

The question paper consists of Part A and Part B. Part A is for 40 marks .There will be 8 compulsory short

questions covering the entire syllabus.

Part B is for 60 marks. There will be two questions from each module. The candidate has to answer one question of

20 marks from each module.

Note: No charts, tables, codes are permitted in the Examination hall .If necessary relevant data shall be given along

with the question paper by the question paper setter.

03.805.5 Elective IV EXPERIMENTAL STRESS ANALYSIS 3-1-0-4

Module I

The measurement system Purpose Structure and Elements Characteristics of measurement system.

Accuracy, Precision, Repeatability Calibration Standards and evaluation. Dynamic Characteristics.

Measurement of Strain. Electrical resistance strain gauges. Vibrating wire strain gauges strain gauge

bridges, Force transducers, Load cells different types force balance pressure gauges.

Module II

Measurement of displacement Linear variable displacement transducer, inductive type, Applications

Motion measurement Potentiometer Principles of Optical & Gyroscope motion measurement.

Measurement of acceleration, Accelerometers Characteristics of Accelerometers, Integration technique

for displacement from acceleration.

Photo elasticity- use of polarised light, Maxwells law, polariscopes and their use, Photo elastic model

materials. Two dimensional photo elasticity, analysis and reduction of data. Moire fringe method-

techniques and its use.

Module III

Non Destructive Testing Methods Ultrasonic Methods Hardness methods Rebound Hammer

Detection of embedded reinforcement.

Indicating & Recording elements Chart recorders Cathode Ray Oscilloscope Computer based data

acquisition systems.

Statistical Analysis Errors in measurement best estimate of true value Normal Distribution

Confidence level.

References :

1. Bently J P Principles of Measurement Systems - Longman 1983

2. Nakra & Chowdhary Instrumentation Measurement & Analysis Tata Mc Graw Hill 1995

3. Adams engineering Measurements & Instrumentation English University Press 1975

4. Doblin E A measurement Systems Application & Design Mc Graw Hill 1975

Question paper:

Duration: 3 Hrs.

The question paper consists of Part A and Part B.

Part A is for 40 marks. There will be 8 compulsory short answer questions of 5 marks each covering the entire

syllabus.

Part B is for 60 marks. There will be two questions from each module. The candidate has to answer one question

from each module.

Note: No charts, tables, codes are permitted in the Examination hall .If necessary relevant data shall be given along

with the question paper by the question paper setter.

240

03.805.6 Elective IV PAVEMENTS 3-1-0-4

Module I

History of Pavements

Flexible Pavements- design factors, wheel load, equivalent single wheel load, repetition of loads, elastic moduli,

climatic variations.

Highway And Airport Pavements- Comparison.

Design Of Flexible Pavements- Burmister's layer theory, group index, CBR methods - Mc Leod method- - IRC

Method. of design, AASHO Method, Design of overlays as per IRC

Module II

Rigid Pavements- radius of relative stiffness- critical load positions- Westergaard's stress equations- Bradbury's

stress coefficients- IRC method of design

Temperature Stresses In Concrete Pavements- Westergaard's concept- Warping stress- frictional stress-

combination of stresses.

Joints In Concrete Pavements-Necessity-requirements-types- expansion joints - construction joint Design of joints

- spacing of joints, design of dowel bars-tie bars- IRC recommendations.

Module III

Road Construction- Construction of bituminous pavements - Subgrade, Granular Sub Base, Base course- Water

Bound Macadam, Wet Mix Macadam , Bituminous layers- Dense Bituminous Macadam, Premix Carpet,

Bituminous Concrete. Construction of stabilised roads.

Pavement Evaluation-Basic concepts, Pavement Management System.

References:

I . Highway engineering- Khanna. S. K. & J usto C E G, Nem Chand Publishing house, Roorkee.

2. Principles of Pavement Design -Yoder E,J .,. J ohn Wiley and Sons.

3. Highways-O' Flaherty, C. A. Butterwoth and Heinemann.

4. Principles of Transportation Engineering- Partha Chakraborthy, Animesh Das - Prentice Hall.

5. IRC Codes for Flexible Pavements : IRC: 37-2001,IRC 109-1997,IRC 27-1967,IRC 29-1988,IRC 94-

1986,IRC 19-1977,IRC 81, 1997.

6. IRC Codes for Rigid Pavements: IRC 58-2002, IRC 57-1974.

Question paper :

Duration : 3 Hrs

The question paper consists of Part A and Part B. Part A is for 40 marks. There will be 8 compulsory short answer

questions of 5 marks each covering the entire syllabus.

Part B is for 60 marks. There will be two questions from each module. The candidate has to answer one question

from each module.

Note: No charts, tables, codes are permitted in the Examination hall .If necessary relevant data shall be given along

with the question paper by the question paper setter.

03.805.7 Elective III FINITE ELEMENT ANALYSIS 3-1-0-4

Module I

Preliminaries - Strain displacement relations - constitutive relations - Energy principles - Principle of virtual work -

Total potential energy - Rayleigh-Ritz method - method of weighted residuals. Introduction to FEM - out line of the

procedure -Element properties - polynomial form - shape function form - equilibrium and compatibility in the

solution - convergence requirements.

Module II

Developments of shape functions for truss, beam and frame elements- constant strain triangle -Linear strain triangle

-Bilinear plane rectangular elements -Consistent nodal loads - lumped loads-patch test - stress computation

Module III

Isoparametric formulation - Line element- Plane bilinear element- Isoparametric formulation of Quadratic plane

elements - Subparametric elements and superparametric elements - Gauss quadrature - Pate and shell elements. -

Solution techniques, Large systems of equations - Storage schemes- Solution techniques Discussion of Finite

Element programs and packages

References:

1 Concepts and Application of Finite Element Analysis-Cook R.D.

2 Finite Element Analysis- Krishnamoorthy C.S.

241

3 The Finite Element Method -Zienkiewicz B.C.

4 Finite Element Procedures in Engineering Analysis -Bathe K. J .

5 Finite Element Analysis in Engineering Design- Rajasekharan S.

6 A practical Introduction to FE Analysis-Cheung Y.K. and M.F. Yeo

Question Paper:

Duration: 3 hours

The question paper consists of Part A and Part B. Part A is for 40 marks. There will be 8 compulsory short answer

questions covering entire syllabus.

Part B is for 60 marks. There will two questions from each module. The candidate has to answer one question of 20

marks from each module.

Note: No charts, tables, codes are permitted in the Examination hall .If necessary relevant data shall be given along

with the question paper by the question paper setter.

03.806.1 Elective-V SPECIAL FOUNDATIONS 3-1-0-4

Module I

Earth pressure in tunnels tunnels through clay and through sand Tunnels through cohesive soils Soil pressures

on conduits Load on Ditch conduit Load on positive projecting conduit.

Module II

Footings for industrial equipment Design of an octagon shaped foundation (Simple case only) empty, proof test

and operating conditions with and without wind ring foundations design for simple case

Module III

Foundation of transmission line towers forces on tower foundation design procedure pressures in silos

J anssens theory.

References:

1. Foundation Analysis and Design- J oseph. E. Bowles

2. Design of foundation systems- Ninan. P. Kurien

3. Analysis and Design of Substructures - Limit State Design.- Swami Saran

Question paper :

Duration : 3 Hrs

The question paper consists of Part A and Part B

Part A is for 40 marks. There will be 8 compulsory short answer questions of 5 marks each covering the entire

syllabus.

Part B is for 60 marks. There will be two questions from each module. The candidate has to answer one question

from each module.

Note: No charts, tables, codes are permitted in the Examination hall .If necessary relevant data shall be given along

with the question paper by the question paper setter.

03.806.2 Elective -V FOUNDATIONS ON EXPANSIVE SOILS 3-1-0-4

Module I

Introduction, origin of expansive soils distribution damage caused by expansive soils mineralogical

identification, single index method classification method indirect and direct measurements physical properties

of expansive soils

Mechanics of swelling moisture migration swelling pressure swelling potential

Module II

Moisture control horizontal and vertical moisture barrier Sub surface drainage peripherical drains surface

drainage

Soil stabilization compaction control Soil replacement lime stabilization cement stabilization

Module III

Case studies distress caused by heaving of footing pad and floor slabs distress caused by heaving of continuous

footings distress caused by rise of water table distress caused by pier up lift.

References:

Foundations on expansive soils -F.H. Chen Elsevier Publishing Co.

Question paper :

Duration : 3 Hrs

242

The question paper consists of Part A and Part B

Part A is for 40 marks. There will be 8 compulsory short answer questions of 5 marks each covering the entire

syllabus.

Part B is for 60 marks. There will be two questions from each module. The candidate has to answer one question

from each module.

Note: No charts, tables, codes are permitted in the Examination hall .If necessary relevant data shall be given along

with the question paper by the question paper setter.

03.806.3 Elective V INDUSTRIAL WATER POLLUTION CONTROL 3-1-0-4

Module I

Effective of wastes on streams and waste water treatment plants. Stream quality criteria for public water supply and

aquatic life. Desirable waste characteristics. Industrial waste survey organic materials BOD, COD, TOD,

(Problems concerned)

Industrial Water Treatment process alternate technologies for industrial waste water treatments. Waste-volume

reduction, waste strength reduction, Types of process for neutralisation, equalization and proportioning of wastes.

Module II

Disposal into rivers-De-Oxygenation and Re-Oxygenation in Rivers and streams-development of oxygen sag model-

application of Streeter Phelps equation. Removal of suspended and colloidal solids-Floatation-air solubility and

release-problems-theory of coagulation-Sedimentation-Filtration-Discrete particle setting-Column analysis-Types of

settling problems.

Module III

Removal of inorganic dissolved solids by Dialysis and ion exchange. Recovery of metal wastes Design of

exchange columns Membrane process Adsorption isotherms- break through curves. Manufacturing processes of

pulp and paper mill wastes- Tannery wastes-distillery wastes sugar mill wastes Flow diagrams for treatment.

References :

1. Liquid Waste of Industry Theory, Practice & Treatment by N.I. Nemcrow

2. Waste Water Engineering Treatment, Disposal & Re-use-by Metcalf & Eddy

3. Physico Chemical Processes for Water Quality Control by W.J . Weber

4. Text Book of Environmental Engineering P. Venugopal Rao

Question paper :

Duration : 3 Hrs

The question paper consists of Part A and Part B

Part A is for 40 marks. There will be 8 compulsory short answer questions of 5 marks each covering the entire

syllabus.

Part B is for 60 marks. There will be two questions from each module. The candidate has to answer one question

from each module.

Note: No charts, tables, codes are permitted in the Examination hall .If necessary relevant data shall be given along

with the question paper by the question paper setter.

98.806 .4 Elective V DESIGN OF BRIDGES 3-1-0-4

Module I

Definition: Classification, Historical developments, planning and economic aspects related to choice of bridge type.

Standard specification for Rural and Railway Bridges: Clearances, live loads and impact allowances- wind loads -

Longitudinal forces- Centrifugal forces- Earth pressures - Temperature effects - Secondary stresses- Erection

stresses - Seismic forces.

Foundation and substructure: Scour depth - Types of Foundation - Shallow foundations - Pile foundation. Pneumatic

caissons, Design consideration for the above, piers, abutments and bed blocks.

Module II

Bearings: Concrete, Steel and Neoprene, Load distribution on Bridge Decks Grid analysis- Courbons method -

Orthotropic plate theory.

Reinforced Concrete Bridges: Review of slab, T- beam and balanced cantilever bridges- Principle of design of

continuous girder bridges.

243

Module III

Pre-stressed Concrete Bridges: Design criteria of single span bridges- Composite construction- segmental

construction.

Steel Bridges: Design of plate girders, Principles of design of trussed bridges and cable stayed bridges.

Construction: Present construction- handling and erection, connection formwork for in situ construction.

Construction joints.

References:

1. Concrete Bridge Design - Rowe R. E., J .W. and Sons Publishers.

2. Concrete Bridge Practice Analysis Design Economics - Raina, TMH.

3. Essentials Of Bridge Engineering - J ohnson Victor. D., Oxford and IBH.

4. Pre-stressed Concrete- Design and Construction - Leenhard F.,W. Ernst and Sahn, Berlin.

5. Design of concrete Bridges -Vazirani V.N., Khanna Publishers.

6. Design of Bridge Superstructures -OConnor. C., Wiley Inter Science, NY.

7. IRC 6-2000,IRC 21-2000, IS 800-1978,IRC 18-1985 and Structural steel Tables.

Question paper:

Duration: 3 Hrs.

The question paper consists of Part A and Part B.

Part A is for 40 marks. There will be 8 compulsory short answer questions of 5 marks each covering the entire

syllabus.

Part B is for 60 marks. There will be two questions from each module. The candidate has to answer one question

from each module.

Use of IRC 6-2000,IRC 21-2000, IS 800-1978,IRC 18-1985 , Structural steel Tables and design Charts are permitted

in the Examination hall.

Note: No charts, tables, codes are permitted in the Examination hall .If necessary relevant data shall be given along

with the question paper by the question paper setter.

98.806.5 Elective V MATERIALS MANAGEMENT 3-1-0-4

Module I

Importance of material management-objectives-Materials-categories-costs involved.

Purchasing principles - six rights Organisation - Centralised - decentralised. Standardisation-Forms of

specification-different levels - How an Indian standard is born - Advantages of standardisation.

Module II

Store-coding system - benefits - store function-responsibilities and functions - stores records and stores accounting.

Cost reduction through materials management-standardisation and variety reduction-value analysis-value function-

cost and worth-selection of items for value analysis-techniques-value analysis job plan.

Computer application in material management - ideal areas for computerisation.

Module III

Inventory management-types of inventory-aims of inventory control - inventory turn-over ratio - costs associated

with inventory-ordering cost - carrying cost - under-stocking cost - overstocking cost.

Selective control - ABC analysis - Economic order quantity-order point - lead time forecast usage per unit of time -

safety stock-stock order point.

Replenishment systems - Perpetual Review system-periodic review system - Quantity to be recouped.

References:

1. Purchasing and materials management - Gopalakrishnan, TMH

2. An Integrated Concept of Materials Management - N.N. Shaw

3. Materials management and inventory control - A.K. Datta

Question paper:

Duration: 3 Hrs.

The question paper consists of Part A and Part B.

Part A is for 40 marks. There will be 8 compulsory short answer questions of 5 marks each covering the entire

syllabus.

Part B is for 60 marks. There will be two questions from each module. The candidate has to answer one question

from each module.

Note: No charts, tables, codes are permitted in the Examination hall .If necessary relevant data shall be given along

with the question paper by the question paper setter.

244

03.806.6 Elective- V TRANSPORTATION PLANNING 3-1-0-4

Module I

Transportation Planning Process-Scope-Systems Approach-Survey and analysis of existing condition, Estimation

of future activity and location- Forecasting techniques - Analysis of future conditions.

Planning Activity - Plan Preparation- Planning activity in ordered hierarchy- Inter relationship between different

phases of planning.

Travel Demand-Concept of travel demand and its modelling based on consumer behaviour of travel choices-

Independent variables- Travel attributes- Assumptions in demand estimation- Sequential recursive and simultaneous

process

Transportation Survey-zoning-Types of surveys in details-Origin Destination Surveys- Application- Corridor

identification- Sufficiency and deficiency analysis by screenline corridor analysis.

Module II

Urban Transportation Planning Practice-Four-stage planning -Trip Generation, Trip Distribution, Modal split

and Traffic assignment.

Module III

Traffic And Environment- Detrimental effects of traffic on environment - Noise - Air pollution -Visual intrusion

and degrading aesthetics.

Evaluation Of Transportation Improvement- Evaluation issues- Evaluation process- Evaluation of alternatives.

References:

1. Hutchinson, B.G.(1974), Principles of Urban Transportation System Planning,

McGraw Hill

2. Traffic engineering and Transport planning, L R Kadiayali, Khanna Publication.

3. J ohn W Dickey- Metropolitan Transportation Planning,-Tata McGraw Hill Publishing

Company Ltd.

4. C J otin Khisty And B Kent Lall- Transportation Engineering- Prentice Hall

International Inc.

5. Michael D. Mayer & Eric J . Miller- Urban Transportation Planning- A Decision

Oriented Approach- Mc Graw Hill.

6. Partha Chakraborty and Animesh Das- Principles of Transportation Engineering-

Prentice Hall India Private Ltd.

7.Vuchic, Vukan R.- Urban Public Transportation Systems and Technology- Prentice

Hall.

Question Paper:

Duration: 3 hours

The question paper consists of Part A and Part B. Part A is for 40 marks. There will be 8 compulsory short answer

questions of 5 marks each covering entire syllabus.

Part B is for 60 marks. There will be two questions from each module. The candidate has to answer one question of

20 marks from each module.

Note: No charts, tables, codes are permitted in the Examination hall .If necessary relevant data shall be given along

with the question paper by the question paper setter.

03.806.7 Elective V OPTIMISATION TECHNIQUES IN ENGINEERING 3-1-0-4

Module I

General Optimisation procedures - and features of mathematical programming as applicable to Civil engineering

problems. Unconstrained and constrained optimization problems - Formulation of objective function and constraints.

Module II

Non- Linear Programming problems one dimensional minimisation. Unconstrained optimization Techniques

Direct search method. Random search Univariate pattern search. Descent methods. Fletcher & Reeves method.

Quasi Newton methods Constrained optimization Techniques method of feasible directions Penalty function

Module III

Linear Programming - Simplex method standard form - Simplex algorithm - Two phase solution by simplex method

- Duality of linear programming Formulation of geometric programming - Dynamic programming and integer

programming problems

Minimum weight design of trusses and frames.

245

References:

1. Optimisation methods in Engineering Design, R.L. Fox Addison Wesely.

2. Optimisation Theory and applications , S.S. Rao ,Wiley Eastern.

3. Optimisation concepts and Applications Engineering, Belegundu.

4. Civil Engineering Systems, Andrew B Templeman.

Question Paper:

Duration: 3 hours

The question paper consists of Part A and Part B. Part A is for 40 marks. There will be 8 compulsory short answer

questions of 5 marks each covering entire syllabus.

Part B is for 60 marks. There will be two questions from each module. The candidate has to answer one question of

20 marks from each module.

Note: No charts, tables, codes are permitted in the Examination hall .If necessary relevant data shall be given along

with the question paper by the question paper setter.

03.806.8 Elective V IRRIGATION AND DRAINAGE ENGINEERING 3-1-0-4

Module 1

Soil Plant Water relationships-soil physical properties influencing irrigation-kinds of soil water-movement of water

into soils-infiltration and measurement-soil moisture retention and movement-soil moisture tension-total soil water

potential-soil moisture characteristics-soil moisture constants-measurement of soil moisture-tensiometer, neutron

moisture probe(only concepts).

Plant water relationships- Crop response to water-moisture stress and plant response-drought toleranceroot

characteristics and moisture use-evaporation, transpiration and consumptive use-measurement of evapotranspiration-

Estimating evapotranspiration from evaporation and climatological data-methods (Blaney criddle, Thornthwaite,

Penman and Christiansen only)-Crop co-efficient and evapotranspiration of a crop. Water requirement and irrigation

efficiency-field water balance-effective rainfall-gross and net irrigation requirements-irrigation frequency-irrigation

efficiencies-conveyance, application, storage and distribution efficiencies- water use efficiencies.

Module II

Measurement of irrigation water-methods-velocity area method-measuring structures like weirs, parshall flumes,

orifices, and meter gates-tracer methods.

Irrigation-selection of irrigation water application methods-irrigation requirement-surface irrigation methods-details

and hydraulics design aspects of border, check basin and furrow methods Sprinkler method-adaptability- types,

design of sprinkler systems-Drip irrigation-components (no design required)

Quality of irrigation water-problems, criteria, classification-Salt problems in irrigated agriculture-influence of salts

on physical properties of soil-salt balance-leaching requirement-methods.

Module III

Drainage of irrigated land-Surface drainage and land forming- different systems for surface drainage (layout and

description only).

Land grading-factors-methods (description only). Plane method in detail-computation of earthwork volumes by

four-point method.

Subsurface drainage benefits-drainage requirements-pipe drains, mole drains-types of system (layout and

description only)-Outlets, types-depth and spacing of drains (steady state condition only)- size of pipe drains-design

flow-grades-hydraulic design for drain size- accessories.

Reference:

1. Surface Irrigation: Theory and practice -W.R. Walker and G.V. Skogerboe, Prentice Hall Inc.

2. Theory and practice- Michael, A.M. Irrigation, Vikas Publishing house.

3. Soil and water conservation engineering: Schwab, G.O. and Frevert, J ohn Wiley and Sons, Inc.

Question Paper:

Duration: 3 hours

The question paper consists of Part A and Part B. Part A is for 40 marks. There will be 8 compulsory short answer

questions of 5 marks each covering entire syllabus.

Part B is for 60 marks. There will be two questions from each module. The candidate has to answer one question of

20 marks from each module.

246

Note: No charts, tables, codes are permitted in the Examination hall .If necessary relevant data shall be given along

with the question paper by the question paper setter.

98.807 ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING LAB 0-0-2-2

Analysis of water for any eight of the following:

1. Acidity

2. Alkalinity

3. Hardness

4. Solids

5. Dissolved Oxygen

7. Sulphates and Sulphides

8. Iron

9. J ar Test

10. Residual Chlorine

11. Nitrates

12. Chlorides

Examination: 100 marks Duration: 3 Hrs.

03.808 Project/ Viva/ Industrial Visit

Sessional marks 100 for 03.808 can be awarded as 80 +20 for project and industrial visit respectively. 80 marks for

project can be distributed as 60 +20 , where 60 marks will be awarded by the guide of the project and 20 marks by

the evaluation team.

Industrial visit should be completed before the commencement of 8

th

semester and a detailed report of the same has

to be submitted. The report should be evaluated for 20 marks.

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