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INTRODUKSI ANALISA

KERUSAKAN
(Introduction to Failure Analyses)
Departemen Metalurgi
Fakultas Teknik Universitas Indonesia
Dr. Ir. Winarto, M.Sc.
ANALISA KERUSAKAN (FA)
DEFINISI KERUSAKAN (FAILURE)
Ketidak-mampuan suatu komponen untuk dapat
berfungsi sebagaimana mestinya. Perpatahan
(fracture) tidak perlu harus terjadi.
ANALISA KERUSAKAN (FA)
20cm-crack
20cm-crack
ANALISA KERUSAKAN (FA)
DIFINISI KERUSAKAN
Kondisi Umum:
1. Jika tidak dapat dioperasikan (dijalankan)
2. Masih dpt beroperasi, tetapi tidak berfungsi
semestinya
3. Kerusakan serius atau tidak aman untuk
digunakan
ANALISA KERUSAKAN (FA)
Penyebab Kerusakan Material
ANALISA KERUSAKAN (FA)
Failure analysis rules
The failure investigator has only one objective to determine the failure mechanism that
caused the failure and to use that knowledge to prevent another occurrence.
Start with and maintain an open mind. Emotion obscures objectivity and must be edged
from the investigation.
The theory, however elegant, must agree with the observed evidence, however humble.
The simplest solution is the best solution.
Having the wrong solution is frequently much worse than having no solution.
Major incidents are often triggered by very minor or apparently innocuous details.
Only one thing is worse than knowing you have a crack growing in a component, and that
is not knowing you have a crack growing in a component.
Cracks never get smaller, nor do they ever disappear. Either they stay the same size
(invariably in a minor, insignificant, or easily repaired component), or they get bigger
(usually in a critical component).
ANALISA KERUSAKAN (FA)
EQUATION FOR SUCCESSFUL FAILURE
ANALYSIS
Proper background information
+
correct analyses and tests
+
Thorough knowledge of materials behaviour
and processing
+
Pertinent experience
_________________________
Correct Analysis
ANALISA KERUSAKAN (FA)
ANALISA KERUSAKAN (FA)
ANALISA KERUSAKAN (FA)
Dimana Lokasi yg umum
terjadinya kerusakan pada
sepatu tsb ?
Berikan analisa (alasan)
kasus tsb secara logis
menurut saudara !
- Lokasi dimana ?
- Penyebabnya apa ?
- Kesimpulan
- Rekomendasi (saran)
ANALISA KERUSAKAN (FA)
ANALISA KERUSAKAN (FA)
KESIMPULAN
Analisa Kegagalan Sabjek yang Kompleks ,
sebab akan meliputi area dari:
1. Fisika, Kimia, Metalurgi, elektro-kimia
2. Proses Manufaktur
3. Stress analysis, Design Analysis
4. Fracture Mechanics, dll
To be expertise in FA individually near
impossible, sehingga perlu Team of Experts
ANALISA KERUSAKAN (FA)
Home Works
1. Jelaskan apa yang dimaksud dengan
kerusakan secara umum!
2. Sebutkan beberapa penyebab kerusakan yang
umum terjadi pada suatu material teknik!
3. Buatlah analisa kerusakan pada jam tangan
saudara yang biasa dipakai sehari-hari.
4. Pelajaran apa yang diperoleh dari teknik
kerusakan (engineering failures)?