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This month marks two important DESERT events. One, we have
moved into our new home (see story on Page 20) and, two, we are
publishing the largest issue in our 28-year-old history. A few months
after purchasing DESERT MAGAZINE two years ago I made a survey

CONTENTS of our readers to determine if they would like a combined two-month

issue to aid them in selecting areas to visit during their summer vaca-
tions. As a result of this survey we decided to publish a combined
Volume 28 Numbers 7 &
August-September edition. This SPECIAL VACATION ISSUE is the
result of a year's editorial research and planning. Although it incor-
August / September, 1965 porates two issues, it actually contains more articles than last year's
August and September issues combined. We hope you enjoy reading
it as much as we did in preparing the material and that it will enrich
4 New Books for Desert Readers
and guide you during your summer vacation. As they say south of
6 Lunar Crater
BY DORIS CERVERI the border, "Hasta luego!"
8 Where the Mountain Turned to Jack Pepper
10 Where the Falls Turned to Stone
12 Hearst's Enchanted Hill JACK PEPPER, Publisher CHORAL PEPPER, Editor
14 Midas Had a Mistress Elta Shively Al Merryman Rose Holly Marvel Barrett Lois Dougan
BY JIM MARTIN Executive Secretary Staff Artist Circulation Business Subscriptions
16 Something for Everyone Bruce Kerr, Advertising Director
18 Preserving Prehistoric Art Desert Magazine. Palm Desert. Calif. 92260 Telephone 346-8144
BY GEORGIAN LUCAS DESERT is published monthly by Desert Magazine, Palm Desert, Calif. Second Class Postage paid at
20 DESERT'S New Home Palm Desert, Calif., and at additional mailing offices under Act of March 3, 1879. Title registered
BY JACK PEPPER No. 358865 in U.S. Patent Office, and contents copyrighted 1965 by Desert Magazine. Unsolicited
manuscripts and photographs cannot be returned or acknowledged unless full return postage is enclosed.
22 Where Modjeska lived Permission to reproduce contents must be secured from the editor in writing. SUBSCRIPTION PRICE:
$5.00 per year in U.S., Canada and Mexico. $5.75 elsewhere. Allow five weeks for change of address.
BY JOHN DESHA DAVIS Be sure to send both old and new address.
24 Secret of a Man Named Schmidt
26 The Staff o'Life
28 No More Sin in Bodie
31 Exploring Arizona for Gems
35 Lost Buckskin Mine
38 How To Travel Like a Travel NAMF
40 Land of the Wintuns D SEND GIFT SUBSCRIPTION TO:
42 Water from Airwells NAMF
44 Land of Fire and Ice
46 Gold Again
48 Nine Bridges Has Toiyabe
51 Idaho's Silent City
52 Retreat from Heat
54 Utah's Horn Coral
55 Hornitos, California Sign Gift Card: "From "
56 Desert Dispensary One Year $5.00 Two Years $9.50 Three Years $13.00
BY SAM HICKS (Or 2 One Years) (Or Three One Years)
57 Letter from Man Who Found • PAYMENT ENCLOSED • BILL ME LATER
58 DESERT Cookery (includes tax and postage)
BY LUCILLE I. CARLESON Date Binder(s) with Year(s) • Undated
61 Le tteiB from our Readers

August • September, 1965 / Desert Magazine / 3

By Jack Forbes By Robert Silverberg
The Perfect Gift
The Colorado River has been a This is a good up-to-date book on
"Let's Go F i s h i n ' " STATIONERY
We proudly offer our new line of western stationery
crucial factor in the history of the the history of the Anasazi, or "Old
from out of the West, our new horrie in Cheyenne,
Wyo. Your own personal-size stationery, V,'2"x\§\W•
Quechans. Without the river and its Ones," who were the ancestors of
Pour beautiful illustrations of "Let's Go Fishin' " by
Clark Bronson. 50 illustrated sheets, 50 envelopes,
floods, these American natives would the Pueblo Indians who built cliff
10 blanks, white rippletone bond paper, all beauti-
fully boxed! Matched set of 4 full-color prints,
have been typical desert Indians. In- dwellings and danced snake and rain
T'xlO", of "Let's Go Fishin'." ideal for framing, in-
cluded. We ship with gift card to person of your
stead, they developed a distinctive dances in beautiful country now
choice. Imm. delivery. Money back guaranty. Only
$3.00 per box ppd. Wyoming residents add sales tax.
culture with a non-materialistic way known as Arizona and New Mexico.
of life and a strong- tradition for
The Lazy 81 Ranch democracy and individual liberty. Books published prior to 1940 are
BOX 3232Z CHEYENNE, WYOMING "They loved to do great things," the misleading in describing these pre-
author writes, "and their undertak- historic people. It wasn't until later
ings — as traders, explorers, guides, archeologists found evidence that the
statesmen and warriors — possess an long-headed people and the round-
intrinsic interest for all who are in- headed people were one and the same.
trigued by human behavior." It was the fashion that had changed,
FREE '96 pages not the race.
Lapidary — rockhounding — jewelry making.
add up to a fascinating creative art! The history of the West was vital- The author presents a good over-
GET CRAFTS BIGGEST CATALOG ly affected by these people. In mak- all picture of the entry of the Span-
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ing it tough for the Spanish and iards, the people of the Four Corner
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STONES—JEWELRY MATERIALS ultimately—and inadvertently—paved ers, cliff-dwellers and the living Pu-
the way for later occupation by U.S. eblo Indians of today. An appendix
forces. gives information as to where Anasazi
GRIEGER'S, INC. ruins may be seen.
30 -1633 E. Walnut — Paiadena, Calif. y£r
"Quechan" is a less familiar name
for the tribes of the Colorado than Photos and illustrations are fine
"Yuman," the name of the linguistic and the book is easy to read. The
grouping to which the Quechans be- author writes that those first to ar-
NEW BOOK CATALOG long. This book is intensely interest- rive in North America filtered across
ing to anyone pursuing the early his- the Bering Strait land bridge some
tory of Southern California and Ari- 20 - 30,000 years ago. Many archeolo-
ORDER FREE FROM zona. Readers will find a number of gists now believe it was considerably
startling facts brought out by Jack earlier than that and there is some
DESERT Magazine Bookshop Forbe's research which will change evidence that earlier tribes may have
Palm Desert, California 92260
their ideas both about the appear- filtered north, rather than south, long
ance of these people and the geologi- before the land bridge existed. If and
cal changes that have come about in when those facts are nailed down, this
the lower regions of the Colorado. book, along with most current books
$$$ PRICE$ $ $ It is a splendid, readable book and on the subject, will be outdated. But
supplement to we recommend it highly. The Old Ones is still a good book
for travelers to the Southwest to read
The Antique Bottle Collector Well-illustrated with historic photo in order to better understand the
$1.75 reproductions, indexed, 393 pages, strange country they are about to see.
A companion book to THE ANTIQUE BOTTLE
COLLECTOR, teaching you how to buy and
$5.95. Hardcover, 269 pages. $4.95
sell old bottles with common sense and true
values. It places a price on each bottle pic-
and explains the REASON why it is so priced.
The original contents and other information
concerning each bottle is included. AND GOLD
New guide to over 100 California ghost towns
LEARN ABOUT THE COLORFUL GHOST Unique and authentic guide to over 100
The Antique Bottle Collector TOWNS OF THE WEST - DIRECTORY CON-
ghost towns In California's deserts and moun-
tains with complete directions on how to
reach them. Shows you the way to little-
$2.25 TOWNS FEATURING PICTURES, MAPS, PLUS known and intrigue-filled towns that provide
hours of interest for those seeking buried
America's most popular bottle book, teaches INSTRUCTIONS ON PANNING GOLD. treasures, old guns, western relics, purple
one how to date and evaluate bottles of the PRICE: $1.00 bottles aged by the sun, and antique objects.
Satisfaction guaranteed or money back.
nineteenth century. WRITE TO:
Buy from the Author — DEPARTMENT R
Dept. D-18
485 W. 4th St., Fallon, Nevada 89406 ABILENE, TEXAS 1513 West Humneya Drive — Anaheim, Calif.

4 / Desert Magazine / August - September, 1965

Books reviewed may be ordered
from the DESERT Magazine Book
Order Department, Palm Desert
California 92260. Please include
25c for handling. California resi- vision...
dents must add 4% sales tax-
Enclose payment with order.
By Sardis W. Templeton DO
"To call him a horsethief is to ig-
nore the times and conditions along THESE
an always uneasy and sometimes tur- THINGS!

bulent frontier," says the author, in
explaining Pegleg Smith's skill in
"capturing" Spanish horses in Cali-
fornia. Nevertheless, Pegleg was one LIVE A 1000 LIVES
of the wildest, canniest and colorful in One Lifetime
of early mountainmen who broke
the West's great frontier. He plun-
ders, loves and jovially boasts his There are no physical limitations to
way through 239 pages of this ad- inner vision . . . the psychic faculties
venturous book. of man know no barriers of space or
Historically correct, no doubt, the
author has sacrificed excitement he time. A world of marvelous phe-
might have created in the narrative nomena awaits your command. Within
by making the reader conscious of his the natural—but unused functions of SEE WITHOUT EYES
laborious research, but for the rec- by inner perception
ords, it's a good sound account of your mind are dormant powers that
unsound times and anyone who col- can bring about a transformation of
lects Western Americana should have
this book. your life.
Pegleg gold hunters will be disap-
pointed. The famed lost mine that The Rosicrucians (not a religion)
keeps Thomas L. Smith's name alive are an age-old brotherhood of learning.
today is rarely mentioned. Instead,
the author dramatizes the lusty moun- For centuries they have shown men
tainman as one who opened the way and women how to utilize the fullness THE UN KNOWS
to the West. And there his name is of their being. This is an age of daring know when youfindit
linked with those of Jedediah Smith
and Louis Roubidoux. adventure . . . but the greatest of all is
Hardcover, indexed, 239 pages. the exploration of self. Determine your
$7.50. purpose, function and powers as a hu-
GOLD! man being. Use the cou-
By Gina Allen pon below for a free
All the gold ever mined from the fascinating book of ex-
beginning of human history to the
present would fit neatly into a base- planation, "The Mastery
ball diamond 90 feet in any direction of Life", or send your re- THIS
—in dollars it would be worth $112 quest to: Scribe: c.D.N. BOOK
billion—an ounce of gold ordinarily FREE
covers an area of 100-square feet at
a cost of 35c per square foot — the
world's first prospectors were Stone
In her new book Gina Allen has S A N J O S E , C A L I F O R N I A 9 5 1 1 4
blended fascinating facts and figures
into the paramount part gold has Scribe: C.D.N.
played in the history of man. Al- Rosicrucian Order (AMORC)
though highly informative, her ro- San Jose, California 95114, U.S.A.
mantic history reads like fiction and Gentlemen:
you will find it hard to put aside. / am sincerely interested in making the utmost of my powers of self. Kindly send
me a free copy of "THE MASTERY OF LIFE".
How gold since the caveman days
has incited murder and war, inspired NAME
poets and artists, lured explorers and ADDRESS-
adventurers, and borne the commerce
of the world are highlights of this -ZIP CODE
(Continued on Page 60)

August - September, 1965 / Desert Magazine / 5


by Doris Cerveri
N O MATTER where you travel
in the desert there is always some-
thing to see which is odd, outstand-
ing, or unbelievable.
One of the most unusual manifest-
ations of Nature's many whims may
be observed in central Nevada a few
GRANDFATHER'S CHAIR miles south of present Highway U.S.
6, which passes through a long stretch
of isolated desert lying between Ton-
opah and Ely.
In this strange, volcanic landscape
lies an immense steep-walled pit 400
feet deep and measuring three quar-
ters of a mile across named Lunar
Crater. Many thousands of years ago
during one of Nevada's turbulent per-
iods, the earth boiled, belched, and
burped, and then spewed out tons of
blistering hot lava in one gigantic
-CRATER upheaval. Numerous other vomits of
rock, cinder, and red hot ashes sent
skyward again and again in rhythmic
waves presented a magnificent, terri-
LUNAR CRATER fying display of fire and smoke. It is
believed Lunar Crater was formed by
cinder cones being widened and dis-

=*C 5,* v ,.



"s<*#& «^,v
Historic and
Esmeralda County
Famous Goldfield Hotel, Old Fire Station &
torted from the constant buildup of a state park, it is an interesting place Truck, Courthouse built 1906, Mines, Gem-
tremendous live steam and volcanic fields, Relics, Gans-Nelson Championship fight,
to visit. Northeast of the crater is a Gift shops, Cafes, Saloons, Motels, Garages,
gas pressures under them. Many dark mass of basalt covering a large Scenic Areas, Industrial sites, Cattle ranches,
times these lava flows were covered section of the desert floor which ge-
with eruptions of cinder which con- ologists belive to be the most re- Silver Peak
Hot springs, Volcano last to go extinct, Silver
stantly changed the appearance of the cent of the many lava flows. Another mines & mill, Huge salt marsh, Movie set
cinder cones. interesting feature of this remote area atmosphere, Ore specimens, Gemstone, Hunt-
ing, History dates back to 1860. Industrial
In the entire Lunar Crater area the may be observed just south of the sites. Range of the Bighorn Sheep.

cinder cones and lava flows lie along paved highway about a half mile east Fish Lake Valley
a belt running north to northeast. of the Lunar Crater turnoff. This Gateway to the Bristlecone forests on White
Mountain, Scenic areas, Huge cattle ranches,
Valleys and mountain ranges in this attraction is a 12-foot cinder wall Farms, Mines, Agricultural development, Fish-
topped by layers of silt and alluvium ing, Hunting, Swimming, Gemstones, Indus-
part of the state also tend to run in trial sites, Lion hunting, Range of the Big-
the same direction. Geologists believe thought to have been built up in a horn Sheep, Pack Trains.
that the mountain building processes period of a thousand years. Goldpoint
left zones of weakness along which Old ghost town. Mines, Ore specimens. Famous
From the crater's rim over 20 in historical book "Ghosts of the Glory Trail"
lava developed and was pushed to extinct volcanoes appear as dark Explorers Mecca, U. S. Post Office. Camp-
the surface by intense pressure. The mounds on surrounding hills. Some
largest lava flows are 400 feet thick; are obscure, but an odd-shaped vent Coaldale
Surrounded by Gemfields, Old railroad freight
most of the cones are about 500 feet named "Grandfather's Chair," north station, Columbus Marsh made famous by
high and probably took only a few of the crater, is a prominent oddity. Borax Smith, rich strikes at Candeleria, Coal
mine. Good accommodations.
months to form, while thousands of
years elapsed between the various Although the entire area is now Lida and Lida Junction
silent, such silence is fearful. Stand- Famous mining area in the 1860's. Ruins
volcanic eruptions. around Lida. Hunting, Gemstone, Eastern gate-
ing in the hot sun in the crater's rim, way to the "Big Molib," Bristlecone forests,
Tule canyon, Lion hunting. Cafe & Store,
In 1939 Nevada park officials erect- it's too easy to imagine these extinct
— For more information write —
ed a sign on the main highway indi- craters reawakening with a slight ESMERALDA
cating a dirt road leading to the crat- tremble, a deep rumble, and a mighty Dept. of Economic Development
c/o Ernest J. Koop
er. Although this unusual area is not roar. /// Fish Lake Valley, via Tonopah, Nevada


- '•ft




34 ton chassis by Chevrolet . . . bathroom with shower . . . pullman . . .
toilet with septic tank . . . self-contained water, power and gas supply
. . . electric water pressure pump . . . hot water heater . . . thermostati-
cally controlled heat . . , built-in kitchen with gas range, hood and fan,
oven and broiler, electrigas refrigerator, double sink, cabinets, formica
counters . . . 1 10 volt electric hook-up and 12 volt battery system . . .
butane lamp. SLEEPS FOUR WITH ONE 78" BED.


F.O.B. Hemet, Calif, (subject to change without notice)
plus license and tax. Write or call for information:
Bonanza Coach Division / Esquier Oaks, Inc.
P. O. Box 1616, Hanger No. 2, Hemet, Calif, or
Esquier Oaks, Inc.
2805 Columbia St., Torrance, Calif., Phone 320-5560.

August - September, 1965 / Desert Magazine / 7

SCENIC TOURS Where the Mountain Turned to Glass
OWENS VALLEY by betty lee reed
>ET YOU NEVER thought of it, and is formed when lava reaches the
TRIP ONE 11 Hours but the first glass blower was Nature, earth's surface and then cools quick-
Monday, Wednesday, Friday and Nature has blown some pretty ly-
$22.50 person, minimum 3 fares fantastic objects on the earth's sur- The most exciting thing about this
face. For instance, near Bishop, Cali- enormous crag is the illusion of mo-
TRIP TWO 5 Hours fornia, a black dome of solid glass tion in the hard lava—molten rock
Tuesday, Thursday, thrusts it huge head over 400 feet in- seems to bubble up and flow down
Saturday, Sunday to the blue sky.
$12.50 person, minimum 3 fares. the sides of the mountain to your
Driving north on California High- very feet. Huge blocks of obsidian
TRIP THREE 5 Hours way 395 about 45 miles north of Bish- have cracked off the cliff-like sides
Tuesday, Thursday, op, you climb Deadman Summit. and crashed onto the flat land at the
Saturday, Sunday Near the top is a sign: VOLCANIC base, breaking into small chunks as
$8.50 person, minimum 3 fares. GLASS FLOWS-1 MILE. Hit the they hit. These make for easy climb-
good dirt road that turns west ing and from the top of the dome
Special Rates to groups of 15 or through a gap in a snow fence and you receive a bonus—not only do you
more on all trips. you come to the spot Nature chose see fountains w h e r e the hot rock
Charter Service Available for a masterpiece of the glass blower's surged up and cooled, you are award-
art. ed a tremendous view of pine-covered
Write for detailed information on Obsidian (true glass) is sometimes hills and valleys and even peacock-
these and other trips pure shiny black, or it may be black blue Mono Lake (25 miles north)
CHUCK AND EVA WHITNEY dotted through with little white crys- winks at you across the sage flats. A
Owners tals, as it is at Glass Mauntain. This fine stand of pines at the base of
Phone: TRipoly 6-3451 or TRipoly 6-2281 type is named "snowflake obsidian," Glass Mountain makes a perfect spot
P. O. Box 327



a Vacation Land
to Remember

The Whit Mountain Apache Indians welcome you.

Come an . enjoy the wonderful mountain climate,
the beautiful primitive scenery, clear, cold streams
and the best trout fishing in the Southwest.


P.O. BOX 218

8 / Desert Magazine / August - September, 1965

WliU William.'
—Completely Air Conditioned—
Now furnishing a variety of tour-
guide services into the fabulous
Canyonlands of Southeastern Utah,
Grand, San Juan, Emery, Wayne,
Garfield and Kane Counties

to picnic and so few people have dis- new and this brings to mind the fact Arch Opening is 190' High and 163' Wide
covered this choice spot that you may that our world is never really fin-
have it all to yourselves. ished. Under our feet forces are mov- TWO DAILY TRIPS
As you focus your camera on this ing, shifting, busy at work on that
fantasy of glass, y o u r imagination unfinished project — planet earth. HORSEBACK TRIPS
will take you back thousands of years But Mother Nature did complete a CAMPING TRIPS
to a day when it was so hot under- Mountain of Glass at the base of our
ground that this dome burst into Sierras a n d you will enjoy photo-
bloom like an upside-down tulip, gi- graphing and climbing on her work
gantic and black as jet. It looks brand of art. ///


Developing & Printing 8 Jumbo Prints from KODACOLOR FILM __ 1.78
Developing & Printing 12 Jumbo Prints from KODACOLOR FILM __ 2.42
Developing & Printing 8 Jumbo Prints including New Fresh Roll of KODACOLOR FILM 2.66
Developing & Printing 12 Jumbo Prints including New Fresh Roll of KODACOLOR FILM 3.30 FOR COMPLETE INFORMATION, FILL OUT
Reprints from Kodacolor Negatives .16 COUPON, WRITE OR CALL:

Send for price sheets and envelopes. TAG-A-LONG TOURS

156 North First West
All other Photo Prices are comparably low.
Moob, Utah
Phone: Area Code 801, 253-4346
NOTE: We do not misname this as a Free roll of film {No one
can afford to give away anything. You do pay one way or an-
other.) We term it a Fresh New roll of Kodacolor but our prices Send Tag-A-Long Trips Information to:
are still the lowest and our work guaranteed.
Forty-four years of continuous photo service under the same manage-
ment guarantees the quality of our work. We will be here tomorrow! Address

P. O. Box 370, Yuma, Arizona 85364 or P. O. Box 2830, San Diego, California 92112 State . , Zip Code_

August - September, 1965 / Desert Magazine / 9


FROM $75.00 TO $165.00


Top guarantee.
Easy to operate.
Sensitive and stable.
Light and compact.

Write for
free brochures
Arizona Treasure Hunters Ghost
Town Guide, Fox $1.50
Buried Treasures and Lost Mines,
Fish $1.50
Lost Mines of Old Arizona, Weight....$1.50
Lost Mines of Death Valley, Weight $1.50
Ghost Town Directory of the West....$1.00
Lost Desert Bonanzas, Conrotto $6.75
Nevada Treasure Hunters Ghost
Town Guide, Fox $1.50
Lost Mines and Buried Treasures
of Colifornia, Pierce $2.50
Superstition Treasures, Marlowe $2.50
Please add posctage.
California residents add 4 % sales tax. Where the Falls Turned to Stone
Also Lapidary Equipment, Gems and
Minerals, Books, Jewelry, Tools. by roger mitchell
For Information Write
COMPTON ROCK SHOP . / \ . S SUMMER approaches, more runoff from these vast icefields made
1405 S. Long Beach Blvd., Compton, Calif.
Telephone. 632-9096 and more desert enthusiasts will be the Owens Valley considerably more
turning towards California's High Si- humid. Pleistocene inhabitants of the
GIFT PROBLEM? erras for their vacations and weekend valley included bison, bear, dire
trips. Many of these mountain bound wolves, giant ground sloths and even
travelers will be from Southern Cal- an occasional sabre tooth tiger and
ifornia and their route will take them mastodon. These animals lived along
north on highways 6 and 395, across the banks of what is now called the
says hello all year for only the Mojave Desert. At Little Lake Owens River, which in those days
they will leave the vast expanse of was a sizable body of water. The riv-
the Indian Wells Valley and enter er started far to the north in the vi-
NEW GRAY LINE the Owens Valley. It is here, at the cinity of what is now Glass and Dead-
ESCORTED TOUR gateway to this gigantic graben, that man Creeks. Gathering in size iq
one of nature's oddities is preserved flowed into the Lake Crowley basin,
Southeastern Utah in stone. then continued south cutting a gorge
Northern Arizona
During the most recent ice age, less in the volcanic tableland north of
than 50,000 years ago, the Owens Bishop. Entering Owens Valley, the
Valley was somewhat different than river decreased in velocity as it spread
America's Last Wilderness Frontier it is today. Glaciers covered many of out forming lakes and shallow marsh-
A land of Color and Contrast the Sierra peaks to the west and the land. The largest of these lakes was
Fantastic Geology—Pioneer History
Round trip from Sail lake City
All-Expense—Six Days—Five Nights
Air-Conditioned Buses
Two Boat Trips—Two Jeep Trips Included
Tour includes: Monument Valley . . . Goose Necks of the
San Juan . . . Arches National Monument . . . Dead "SINCE 1 9 3 1 "
Horse Point . . . Capitol Reef National Monument . . .
Natural Bridges National Monument . . . Moab (Uranium
Capitol) . . . Navajo and Hopi Indian Reservations . . .
Kayenta . . . Tonalea . . . Tuba City . . . Moenkopi
. . . Glen Canyon . . . Lake P o w e l l . . . . Bryce National
Park . . . Boulder Mountain.
Jeep Tours (8-passenger Sedan-Type) at Monument Valley
and Capitol Reef. Boat trips on the Colorado River and
on newly-formed Lake Powell.
Jfh Travel Trailer
Every turn gives a vista of green-clad plateaus or flaming
cliffs. Entire 1253 miles is a paradise for camera fans. ELEVEN MODELS 16 FT. TO 3 5 FT.
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High Desert Plateaus and Air-Conditioned Facilities make PROTECT YOUR HEALTH
heat no problem at any season. MODEL 21 with WATER-GARD purifier;
for details and brochures on this new exciting tour,
Department 100 D
29 West South Temple
Salt Lake City, Utah 11473 Penrose Street Sun Valley, California TRiangU 7-5587

10 / Desert Magazine / August - September, 1965

the Owens Lake; its semi-dry bed re-
mains today. Lava fields once again
thwarted the flow of the river as it
left the valley to the south. The ba-
saltic lava proved to be no great ob- ALL STEEL FRAME A SOLID FAVORITE FOR
stacle, however, and the river found FASTER. SAFER GOING!
a course across it. Where the lava
flows terminated, the river left the
valley in a series of what must have
been spectacular waterfalls.
Evidence indicates this river was
a popular attraction for primitive In-
dians who lived in the area. The FROM THIS-TO THIS IN 18 SECONDS!
Southwest Museum has uncovered, A hand operated winch and four stain-
near Little Lake, house sites and ar- less steej aircraft cables raise or lower
the top in 18 seconds . . . effortlessly! ..•
tifacts belonging to the ancient "Pin- Ball bearing guides assure years of
to Man" of some 5,000 years ago. trouble-free operation!
Most of the glaciers had melted about SEE THEM AT
6,000 years before the coming of Pin- * Aluminum Exterior
to Man, but it seems likely that falls * Beautiful Interior Paneling MACDONALD CAMPER KIT CO.
were still flowing. 11015 E. Rush St., El Monte, Calif • CU 3-5201
~k Heavy 1 " Fiberglass Insulation
Write Factory Direct for any Information.
* 7 ft. W i d e , 6 ' 4 " Headroom
Today the glaciers have shrunk to * 18 gal. Steel Water Tank
a tiny remnant of their original * Adjustable Roof Vents
selves, and with them the once mighty * Oven/Stove ADDRESS.
Owens River. What meager flow the * Formica Counters
. . . and much, much morel CITY _ZONE_
Owens River now has, is all but tak-
en by the insatiable thirst of the City
of Los Angeles. The falls remain, nev- At the falls the lava flow seems to shapes at the top of the falls. Notice
ertheless — dry perhaps — but today's have cooled and stopped, forming a too, the numerous pot-holes ground
visitor need not exercise his imagin- high bluff. It is here the ancient Ow- by the action of boulders swirling in
ation much to hear their roar and ens River plunged downward in a the once turbulent water.
feel their mist. For the traveler bound series of steps to the valley below. This, then, is Fossil Falls, a geolog-
up the Owens Valley, Fossil Falls Notice how the water has smoothed ic curiosity left high and dry in a
offers an interesting geologic inter- the coarse basalt and eroded weird world of constant change. ///
lude requiring no more than an
hour's time.
As you drive north on highways 6
and 395, the divided road now by-
passes Little Lake (DESERT, June
'65). About 3.2 miles beyond, a vol-
canic cinder cone sits conspicuously
\ M-* (Pa
(Pat applied for)

in the middle of the valley floor. Just FABULOUS NEW GOLD CONCENTRATOR
before reaching the southwest base of • HIGH EFFICIENCY—Recover ALL the colors
the cone, a wide graded road crosses
the highway. As indicated by a coun- from any dry sand
ty road sign, this is Cinder Road, • HIGH CAPACITY—Up to three tons per hour
built by a firm who quarries the red-
dish-brown ash f o r use in cinder • TRULY PORTABLE—Weighs only 42 lbs.
ONE MINUTE SET-UP—Easy operation
Turn east here and after 0.5 miles • EVERYTHING
turn right again on the old road lead-
ing back in a westerly direction. Fol- MINIATURIZED
low this road 0.6 miles to its end at INCLUDING THE PRICE
the Fossil Falls parking area. From $349.50
here it is less than a mile by good
trail to the top of Fossil Falls. MONEY-BACK GUARANTEE!
Mix the included sample of placer gold with dry sand and run thru
As you hike along the trail, notice machine. ALL colors must be recovered or return the machine, undam-
the rocks around you. The dark ones, aged, within 10 days, for refund. KEEP THE GOLD!
most prevalent, are basalt lava which SEND THIS COUPON TODAYI
flowed from vents and fissures in the
A. Enclosed is $349.50 + tax*. Please ship MIGHTY MIDAS freight Prepaid. Q
Coso Mountains to the east. The OR
reddish - brown material is cinder Please ship MIGHTY MIDAS C.O.D. I will pay $349.50 - f tax * and freight. •
thrown from Red Hill, the crater be- B. Please send complete literature, without obligation. •
hind you. Also seen occasionally are *ln California 4% Sales tax
pieces of lightweight gray pumice and NAME:_
shiny black obsidian, further testi-
mony of this region's violent volcanic ADDRESS:

August - September, 1965 / Desert Magazine / 11

Photo by R. J. De Cristoforo



.LONG THE golden coast of gruously romantic in a setting where blancas (white rock) by the roving
California's Highway 1, on one of cattle wander and feed. Heidelberg, Spaniards, and look upon the glitter
the original Mission trails established or the Black Forest would seem a of mosaics that sparkle from castle
by Spanish Explorers, lies the placid, more appropriate place—or the mists towers through the lush groves of
seaside village of San Simeon, estab- of Brigadoon. citrus, pomegranate, oleander, acac-
lished in 1872. Buses leave the terminal at the ia, eucalyptus and Italian cypress.
Above its flat expanse of beach, base of the hill every 20 minutes, Paralleling the entrance drive is a
a hilltop castle is visible. This is the carrying about 50 sight-seers up the mile-long pergola constructed of con-
castle that William Randolph Hearst winding, five mile drive to the sum- crete piers and redwood beams, and
built for his family. It is difficult to mit. Enchantment increases as you espaliered with grape vines and fruit
conceive of this as a 20th century reach the crest of the Santa Lucias, trees vibrant with color and redolent
project. Its splendor seems incon- a gleaming range christened piedras of fragrance.
Spacious terraced patios lead to Today the castle and its 123-acre attractions that draw eager visitors.
a guest house harboring, among oth- estate, which encompasses a zoo (only But there's another, deeper motive
er treasures, a hand-carved bed be- zebras remain) and a cattle opera- for making a pilgrimage to this en-
lieved to have belonged to Cardinal tion begun in 1865 by Senator George chanted castle. Deep within every hu-
Richelieu. Corbels on the guest house Hearst who purchased the original man being lies a need to look upon
feature the faces of the five Hearst tract, belong to the State of Califor- pure beauty and to share in the cre-
children. The originals were cast by nia, a gift from the family in mem- ativity of great minds. Because Wil-
their m o t h e r , Phoebe Apperson: ory of William Randolph Hearst and iam Randolph Hearst, one of the
Hearst, noted patroness of arts and Phoebe Apperson Hearst. Castle West's greatest patrons of the arts,
an artist in her own right. It was grounds and buildings are open to saw fit to gather beauty from every
from Phoebe that William Randolph the public every day except Thanks- corner of the globe and house it
Hearst acquired his love for art and giving, Christmas and New Years. A tastefully within the confines of his
beauty. Construction of the three Roman pool, tennis courts, a theatre fabulous estate, this need may be ful-
palatial guest houses was begun in seating 100 guests, and the billiard filled for travelers taking a cool, sum-
1919. Outstanding as they are, their room with its renowned early-Ren- mer trip along an old mission trail
grandeur is subordinate to the mag- aissance "Hunt" tapestry are among today. ///
nificence of La Casa Grande, Hearst's
own residence, begun in 1922. All
materials had to be hauled up the
mountain. Many were brought into
the cove of San Simeon by boat. Eur-
opean craftsmen and artists were im-
ported, along with artifacts and mar-
ble, to create masterful copies of clas-
sic sculptures. Statuary is an integral
part of the overall plan and the vari-
ous figures seem at home in their
settings. A 3000-year old Egyptian
diorite sculpture is placed in prox-
imity to a classic Three Fates, and
each is exactly right for the space it IN SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA

On the first floor of the castle the NEW Vacationland

tour begins in an imposing vestibule
over a Pompeian tile mosaic floor of the Old West!
dating to 60 B.C. The refectory, an
art-lovers treasure trove, is a long
room with hand-carved ceiling panels • Warm desert sunshine
depicting life-sized saints. Wall-hung —a recreation paradise
tapestries are flanked by carved choir
stalls brought from European mon- • CAMPING • BOATING
asteries. In this room, with its mas- • PICNICKING • FISHING
sive, elongated tables, more than 50
guests at a sitting were wined and • HUNTING • SWIMMING
dined in baronial splendor. • a desert full of
The castle boasts a second-floor li- • EASIEST and CLOSEST
brary of rare books, one of which was ROUTE to OLD MEXICO
autographed by Queen Victoria. On
this floor, too, is the fabulous Gothic
Study from whence Hearst conduct- MODERN, NEW AND INEXPENSIVE
ed much of the work essential to his ACCOMMODATIONS IN BRAWLEY.
career as one of America's best- CALEXICO. CALIPATRIA. EL CENTRO
known publishers.
Here, at San Simeon, may be seen
some of the rare art objects of the FREE 36 - Page Tour Guides with detailed
world—a lion - faced deity sculptured
Trips to fascinating places, plus other
on the banks of the Nile in a time
before Christ; artifacts of pottery, brochures for family fun!
crystal, silver, gold, terra cotta; icons, WRITE: IMPERIAL VALLEY DEVELOPMENT AGENCY, DRAWER I.V., IMPERIAL, CALIF.
oils and marbles encompassing the
creativity of man through five cen- PLEASE SEND THE FOLLOWING CHECKED ITEMS:
turies and more. In all, the Casa • "New Vacationland of the Old West" 36-Page Tour Guide
Grande numbers 100 rooms—38 bed- []] Fishing
• Rockhound Map Q Climate Folder
rooms, 31 bathrooms and 14 sitting
rooms. Hearst channeled an estimat- NAME_
ed million dollars a year over a peri- STREET-
od of 50 years to manifest his dream
of this shrine to beauty.

August - September, 1965 / Desert Magazine / 13

Midas Mad a Mistress ~
her name was Gold



Its price never fails
It never deteriorates
Its market is world-wide
It cannot be over-produced
It pays every debt
It buys every commodity
It banishes poverty
It employs labor
It stimulates industry
It rewards courage . . . .

Author's wife examines old bellow. Midas as it looks today.

Q EXTOLLED the promoters of somed into a hustling-bustling mining ed of a postoffice, newspaper, water-
Midas in Elko County, Nevada dur- community that proved up on the works, several stores, hotels, boarding
ing the boom days of the 1920s. "For- promised bonanzas for many. More houses, saloons, a community hall,
tune Beckons to the Wealth-Laden than a dozen mines honeycombed the and the inevitable "chicken ranch"
Hills of Gold Circle," proclaimed a hills. Many were backed by such within a discrete distance up the can-
Chamber of Commerce brochure prominent names as Charles A. Stone- yon. Streets and blocks were laid out
which urged fortune hunters to cross ham, millionaire mining broker and in symmetrical patterns and trees
Nevada on the Victory Highway (US one time owner of the New York planted to bring shade. By any stand-
40) and gather riches. Hundreds an- Giants; Noble H. Getchel, former ards, Midas was a sizable and pros-
swered the summons and flocked in- Nevada state senator; and the Manas- perous settlement.
to the mountains northwest of Win- sas Mauler himself, Jack Dempsey. Travel to Midas today and you will
nemucca in search of gold and silver. The mines wore colorful names—the find the same buildings, but with
Rex, Elko Prince, King Midas, Es-
Midas, or Gold Circle as the town meralda, and the Sleeping Beauty. changes. The town hall stands empty,
was officially named when approved Over $8 million in ore was removed but ready for a meeting. The yel-
by the Board of County Commission- from their depths and shipped away. lowed keys of a rinky-tink piano in-
ers on November 4, 1907, became the side eagerly await the caress of lively
trading center for the area. It bios- During its hey-day, the town boast- fingers. A well battered ballot box

14 / Desert Magazine / August - September, 1965

awaits duty should someone come to
call for an election.
Long deserted residences await ab-
sentee owners. Stately trees spread
branches toward heaven and sweet
spring water still gushes through the
water system's pipes. In the center
of town stands a modern telephone
booth, but few are present to hear it
Like many mining communities,
Midas bloomed with a flourish, then
faded fast. Only a handful of persons
now call it home. Fewer still live here
the year around. Business life has
dwindled to a pair of colorful sa-
loons where friendly barkeeps outdo
themselves to bid you welcome. Times World's lightweight champion camper • Models 10,8/2 I t . T h e u l t i m a t e i n q u a l i t y t r a v e l t r a i l e r s • M o d e l s 1 8t o 3 0 f t .

grow lively when buckaroos from sur-

rounding cattle ranches drop by on Avoid the crowds in a go-anywhere AVION
holidays, or when toursists come to
explore, but there are also long lone- For more family camping fun, reach unspoiled spots in a trail-
ly hours. Solitude and scenic splendor tested Avion. Rugged riveted anodized aluminum construction is
are the bounties of today. And so are clam-tight, featherlight, Lifetime Guaranteed. Enjoy hot and cold
abundant opportunities for poking running water, electricity, airline-style bath, kitchenette. Self-
into by-gone times, exploring sur- containment is standard in Campers; optional in Trailers. This year
rounding terrain, or sharing hospital- invest in the best by America's quality travel vehicle specialists.
ity with ghosts. Avion—Benton Harbor, Michigan or San Jacinto, California.
Tourism has yet to tap the area.
Commercialism vanished with the de-
parture of the promoters of the
Now hills and valleys are des
ungleaned by those who collec
tory. Relics of the early mine COACH CORPORATION
alongside arrowheads and Indu Write for Camper Catalog D2. Send for Trailer Catalog D.

tifacts, for this was part of th<

man's vast domain long befor
gold seekers came. Squaw Valley,
by, was so titled because the wa
left loved ones hidden in its co:
when they rode off to fight elswnere. and always something to do...
The lure of golden riches still per-
sists, however, as evidenced by corner Fishing's great this time of year — along
markers of modern prospectors which the Colorado River, on Lake Havasu,
dot the hillsides. "Paper hangers," Lake Martinez, and down on the Gulf of
they are called by the locals, who look Baja California. Enjoy swimming, boat-
with amusement upon the practice ing, water skiing, rock hunting, golf (2
of posting the area with claim notices. courses — one lighted for night playing),
Yet, should you wish to come visit, desert trails, sand dunes, historic sites,
hunt for rocks, or hang paper, a warm Old Mexico close by.
handclasp awaits you. Many attractive new air conditioned
restaurants and motels make Yuma the
To reach Midas, turn north at Gol- ideal place to stop over and relax when
conda on US 40, and follow state you're driving East or West this summer.
route 18 towards the mountains. The

road is paved to the Getchel Mine
junction (17 miles from the turn-
off) ; the remaining 30 miles are grad-
ed and graveled. Check road and
weather conditions if you plan a win-
ter visit, for snow occasionally blank- On the Old Spanish Trail - U.S. 80
ets the land. No overnight accomoda-
tions are available in Midas so plan Yuma County Chamber of Commerce, Dept. DM
accordingly. P. O. Box 230 — Yuma, Arizona

This western portion of Elko Coun- Send me illustrated book on Yuma County
ty is a wild, wonderful land of en-
chantment; a country richly endowed
with natural wealth and beauty. Af-
ter once sampling its goodness, you'll
know why the touch of Midas still
persists. ///

August - September, 1965 / Desert Magazine / 15

something f or everyone
by Jordan detzer
1 UCKED INTO a side pocket ert meets the mountains. Pine Valley in owners zoom up from Calexico
of long California's pant leg is a is 3900 feet high with a population and El Centro in nearly the same time.
curvy little valley that winds between of 291. Most people whiz through it An enjoyable hiking trail has just
round top mountains. Pine Valley is while traveling between San Diego been opened along Noble Canyon
its name. and Phoenix, but some stop for a north of Pine Valley. It is passable
Pine Valley is picturesque and his- delicious meal at the Hobart house with is one
a high center car, but the walk
of the best in America. Along
toric. Weather-wise, it's tricky. Snow or Major's Coffee Shop. The town
has been known to fall in May, to has several proud civic buildings, fire chewedthe creek are beaver dams with
the delight of parched Southern-Cal- and sheriff stations, a Dairy Queen, trout dart tree stumps. Bull frogs bugle,
ifornians, and even in August you'd a quaint grocery store, and an Indian in the reedy pools and
better carry a sweater for night. lore building. Sort of a "guest-house" with luck you might spot a four-
suburb of San Diego, the freeway ex- point deer. All two miles of the rich-
I often look out the bay window tends each year and the journey from veined trail bend through solid gran-
of my cabin here and ponder the dy- San Diego, at present, is 40 minutes ite walls dotted with gold prospect
namics of this valley where the des- by state speed laws. Visitors and cab- holes.
Into this valley came gold seekers
in the early 1800s, leaving an historic
i JULIAN To JULIAN trail of broken wooden ore boxes,
rusted ore grinders, Spanish stone
crushers, old shacks and ancient de-
bris. Before the 1860s Donald Manu-
el Machado had a ranch in the val-
ley. It was then called "El Valle De
los Pinos." An early stage route ran
through it and Cocopah and Coyote
Indians frequently ran off the cattle
and frightened travelers. Finally,
Charles Emery of Techate came into
the valley with John Ross, a Cana-
dian. They traded one elderly, un-
identified man the entire valley for
a horse. This included the 11,000
acres of heavily wooded land now
within Cleveland National forest.
On the back of the Hobart House
menu is the romantic story of G. E.
Hobart, who pioneered a control
camp in the valley after the war in
California ended. He set up a house
where travelers could stop for meals
and gained a reputation for fine hos-
pitality. When the gold bonanza
brought miners into the area, ban-

16 / Desert Magazine / August - September, 1965

dits followed. Among the latter were
the notorious Murietta Brothers who
robbed and pillaged the Valley of ART GREENE
the Pines. Hobart, with a two-man
posse, set out to capture them and sez —
never returned.
Today the valley stands at the end owdy, partner!
of ancient sea-bed geology, ancient
man-made history and the inundation Come try our
of our suburban civilization. Soon
bull-dozers will open up new scenic
trails and more picnic tables will ap-
pear, like those under the spreading
oaks behind the Ranger's home on
oLake f-^oweii (/^oatina
Highway 80, but there will still be
room enough for those who like to \ v
walk alone. We, the boating pioneers, offer you \H
exploring, hunting, fishing, hiking,
The beauty of the valley lies in photography, all watersports, fantastic
the contrasting charm of its location side canyons, together with Rainbow
between desert terrain and mountain Bridge.
majesty. By moonlight it glows with-
in walls of shining limestone and DAILY One-day trips to Rainbow Bridge
granite. By daylight you're surprised
to find yuccas parading up the LONGER 2-3-5 k 7-day trips on schedule
slopes. We're thankful for our yet
unbesmirched valley where summer WRITE for brochure and information
climates get confused with fall. But
you're welcome any time of year. to
We're happy to share our wealth of CANYON TOURS, INC.
clean air, fragrant pine and coun-
try so quiet it gives you a place to WAHWEAP LODGE & MARINA
visit with yourself. This is something P. O. Box 1597 Page, Arizona
the world could use more of today. Phone 645-2761


The unique hydraulic mechanism which raises the The Alaskan Camper is quickly transformed from the comfort and convenience of a weathertight,
camper top can be safely operated even by a small its compact low silhouette on the road to roomy high ceiling, home away from home complete with
child. Locks prevent accidental lowering. The top walk-in living quarters. Drive safely at any speed three burner stove, sink, cabinets, ice box, beds,
is lowered quickly by the simple turn of a valve. with minimum drag and sway. Moments later, enjoy and many other luxury features. EVERY NEW
Write today to the factory nearest you for free folder describing the most advanced camper on the road.
R. D. HALL MFG. INC., 9847 Glenoaks Blvd., Sun Valley (San Fernando Valley), MOBILE LIVING PRODUCTS (B.C.) LTD., P.O. Box 548, Red Deer, Alberta, Dept. D
California, Dept. D MOBILE LIVING PRODUCTS (B.C.) LTD., (Sales Office Only),
CAMPERS, INC., 6410 South 143rd Street, (Tukwila), Seattle, Washington, Dept. D 500 • 20th St., New Westminster, B.C., Dept. D
PENNACAMP, INC., 401 West End Ave., Manheim, Penna., Dept. D R. D. HALL MFG., INC., Texas Division,5761 Cullen Blvd., Houston, Texas, Dept. D
CANADIAN CAMPERS, 77 Pelham Ave., Toronto 9, Ontario, Canada, Dept. D FORT LUPT0N CAMPERS, 420 Denver Ave., Fort Lupton, Colorado, Dept. D

August - September, 1965 / Desert Magazine / 17

The mysterious stone <;«ryiaqa cre-
SAN JUAN TRADING POST ated by prehistoric races may be re-
VACATION on Paved Highway 47 corded and preserved by modern
SEE collectors without marring the origi-
Lake Powell nal petroglyph. The Chinese intro-
Monument Valley
Southern Utah duced stone rubbing as an art.
Special Overnight Land Here's a way for you to do it your-
and Lake Trip to
RAINBOW BRIDGE self with simple, available materials.
Phone or Write
Mexican Hat, Utah
Telephone Mexican Hat 42
Wild West Tourist Mecca Prehistoric Art

See Indian Kivas — Boot Hill — Pueblo

by Georgean Lucas
Shrine containing $3,000 murals — Dalton
Order FREE Catalogue bandit trunks — Sun Dance arena — Outlaw
saloon — 16 seat chapel — Cripple Creek
miner's shack — ancient Indian spring —
table and cards used by Wild Bill Hickok
when murdered — 200 ancient scenes of
frontier life — bandit cave — hangman's
DESERT MAGAZINE gallows — 10,000 good luck horseshoes —
Gold hills. JLTLLL ALONG the basalt walls of
Only 35 minutes from Hollywood.
the Columbia River, prehistoric Indi-
Palm Desert, California 92260 ans pecked into the stone, with infi-
13660 Sierra Highway nite patience, their own distinctive
8 miles north of Solemint, Calif. petroglyphs. The circled eye and
Since 1937 The World's Largest mouth and the exposed rib design
Selection of Books on The Wes>t Take San Fernando Road, Golden state
or San Diego Freeway. are, I believe, unique to this area.
Progress in the form of railways, high-
ways and dams destroyed many of
these sites, but, fortunately, some of
the petroglyphs w e r e saved and
Vedevt moved to museums and parks. The
area above the site of the John Day
Dam is one of the last natural river
level areas left for the petroglyph
hunter today, although in three years
it, too, will be under water.
Hunting stone carvings with a cam-
era is exciting, but once you try tak-
ing stone rubbings, it becomes an ob-
session. While working on a stone
you are standing where a prehistoric
VISIT THE WEST'S MOST FANTASTIC TOWER artist stood and your hand is follow-
ing his. Only a river of time flows
Desert View Tower looks far and wide over a strange and marvelous
between his "then" and your "now."
world . . . from this fantastic tower 3,000 feet above the desert floor The stone rubbing process is sim-
you can see Salton Sea, 250 feet below sea level, Mexico and ancient
landmarks of the West. The Tower itself contains historic relics and
ple. Basic equipment includes a soft
artifacts. The adjoining caves with their weird carvings will take you rubber brayer, a pallette, (I use a plas-
back to prehistoric times. ONE OF THE WEST'S FAVORITE FAMILY tic plate) , a soft fabric (old sheets
MEETING PLACES. SEE DESERT MAGAZINE, JULY '65. work beautifully), freezer, tape and
oil paints. Tear the material to a
GOING EAST OR WEST ON CALIFORNIA'S HIGHWAY 80 BETWEEN SAN suitable size, tape it securely over the
See Giant DIEGO AND EL CENTRO STOP AT THE DESERT VIEW TOWER, JUST 5 carving so it won't shift and prepare
your paint by working it to a thin

18 / Desert Magazine / August - September, 1965

A brayer, or printer's roller, is rolled Rogue River Valley
into paint on a plastic plate pallette
and then rolled over sheeting taped
with freezer tape to cover stone pet-
roglyph. Finished rubbings are hung
up to dry.
Near Medford
& Grants Pass



This is Tsagagalal, "He who watches." •
According to legend, before people Ranch/Timbered Acreage
were real people, she was chief. When in beautiful Southern Oregon *^\
Coyote came he turned her to stone SPARKLING STREAMS & CREEKS
and commanded her to stay there GREEN PASTURES
forever watching over her people. HIGHWAY BUSINESS FRONTAGE
She still overlooks the Mixluidix site, PINE & FIR TIMBER
now flooded by The Dalles Dam. POULTRY RANCH SITES
even coating across the palette. Then ly past Roosevelt, Washington, there BEEF CATTLE RANGES
run the roller over the fabric-covered is a new park devoted to petroglyphs TREE FARM SITES
petroglyph design. Experimenting
with color combinations and brayer
which were moved—as was the town
—to escape inundation from water 1 to 40 ACRES
Low as $150 down / $35 monthly <
pressure will help you achieve the ef- held back by new John Day Dam.
($1495 to $5995 full price)
fect you wish. Too much paint on the This park is primitive, but there are
palette and brayer will not only re- many interesting carvings and sever-
sult in a blob on your work, but may
soak through to the stone and leave
al conducive to good rubbings. Other
carvings may be found along the riv-
a permanent stain. Roll finished rub- er at Roosevelt, some unique in that "Cal-Ore Ranches" offers a limited number
bings gently onto a cardboard tube they are carved on the horizontal of potential, unimproved LIVESTOCK GRAZ-
to carry home. I hang mine to dry surface rather than the vertical. If ING & RANCH SITES in the above Counties.
for about a week, depending upon you will go to the old town of Roose- 80 -120 -160 - 220 - 320 ACRES
the paint, and then press them lightly velt on the ferry road, turn left to low as $37-50 per acre
on the back with a steam iron. They the river at the old gas station, and EASY TERMS
are then ready for mounting. When pick your way along the low basalt YES . . the PHOTOS-MAPS-COMPLETE
you finish, if you've been careful, you wall, you can discover them for your- m DESCRIPTIONS are contained in our
have an actual reproduction of the self. This flat field was a fishing Send for YOUR COPY . . . TODAY.
original in it's true size and texture. campsite for thousands of years in
And you also have an intriguing, dis- prehistoric times and in many places SEND FOR ILLUSTRATED 1965
tinctive work of primitive art. the stones are rounded and polished RANCH FINDER'S GUIDE .. .TODAY
by human feet going back and forth You are under ABSOLUTELY NO OBLIGATION by .
requesting our land catalog. Our ONLY OFFICE is
The Winquat Museum at The lo the river. — in MEDFORD. OREGON. WE DO NOT SELL LAND -
Dalles, Oregon, displays several doz- THROUGH THE MAIL OR SIGHT UNSEEN and do
Along the Deschutes River at Sher- not employ salesmen in California or any other
en petroglyphs which were rescued State THANK YOU!... and we do hope to greet -
from the rising lake behind the Dalles er's Bridge, Oregon, on the west side you personally in the beautiful Rogue River Valley
very soon.
Dam. There are also three small sam- there is still another site. This area
ples at The Dalles Chamber of Com- is particularly interesting in the CAL-ORE RANCHES DM
merce rest area and they are obliging spring and fall when the Indians fish 1054 South Riverside Avenue / Medford, Oregon
about permitting you to take rub- for salmon by casting their nets from Please rush, by return mail my personal copy of your
1965 RANCH FINDER'S GUIDE including price lists, de-
bings. In the Administration Build- platforms over the wild river. scriptions and on-the-spot photos. I understand there is
ing at the dam there is an excellent Directly west from Tygh Valley in
example of the exposed rib motif, NAME
the Badger Cliffs, I've heard there
although I think it's displayed up- are more carvings, which means I'll ADDRESS
side down. They, also, do not object be off very shortly on an unexplored CITY STATL
to your taking a rubbing. Immediate- trail! ///

xxxx August - September, 1965 / Desert Magazine / 19

The color of Desert Magazine's new home in Palm Desert,
California is called "Desert Sunset". In addition to the edi-
BOOKS torial offices, the new home of Desert Magazine has a Book
current and choice Shop and a display oi desert treasures.


The adventures of Arizona's most famous pio-
neer, Pete Kitchen, make for exciting reading.
Treasure seekers will find meat in his account
of the Treasure of Tumacacori and history buffs
will relish this unusual book. Hardcover $4.95
bu Aack
FORNIA by Remi Nadeau. The only good, hard- Publisher, Desert Magazine
cover book on California ghost towns. We
recommend it highly. $5.95.
Ernie's timeless word pictures describing his
wanders through the Southwest. Hardcover. J UST BEFORE this issue of Desert earth, watch a floppy-eared jack rab-
$5.00. Magazine went to press I received a bit lope through the brush or, if
REMNANTS OF THE OLD WEST by Harriett telephone call from our printer in you're alert, maybe catch sight of a
Farnsworth. The old West's last living characters Los Angeles. wild burro.
were interviewed by this author and the book
is filled with never-before published tidbits that "I've looked all through our color "And, at 10-miles an hour you have
deserve recording. An attractive book that makes combination ink book," he said, "and time to watch for places to hunt pur-
a surprisingly inexpensive and worthwhile gift. ple bottles or sites of ghost towns
Hardcover. $2.95.
I can't match the color of this photo-
graph of your new building. What where unhurried men claimed they
THE WESTERN HERO by KENT Ladd Steckmesser. do you call it and how do you get were looking for gold, but who were
By astutely analyzing newspaper accounts and
old records, the author gets the true stories of it?" really just looking for solitude. You
Wild Bill Hickok, Kit Carson, Bill Cody, Billy the "It's very simple," I explained."You can also stop to look for gemstones
Kid and a wealth of other heros and culprits of
go out into the desert where the air and rocks which may be worthless to
the Wild West. Hardcover. $5.95. others, but are priceless to you be-
is fresh and clean. At dawn you set
up your camera—you wait until the cause later they bring back the good
Robert L. Brown. An illustrated, detailed, infor- feeling and smell of the outdoors.
mal history of life in the mining camps deep in sunrise accentuates the morning shad-
the almost inaccessible mountain fastness of the ows, and then you shoot your picture. Then, again, you might find Pegleg's
Colorado Rockies. Fifty-eight towns are included Lost Gold . . . or the Seven Cities of
as examples of the vigorous struggle for exist- "After that you go back to your Cibola . . . or at least learn that all
ence in the mining camps of the West. 239 camp, give your wife a hearty kiss- that glitters is not gold."
pages, illustrated, end sheet map. Hard Cover.
like you forget to do when you're
rushing off to the office—rustle your I was interrupted by a slightly
TOMBSTONE'S EPITAPH by Douglas D. Martin.
kid's hair, flex your muscles, and yell, dazed printer, "Yeah," he said, "but
Taken from forgotten files of early copies of what do you call the color . . .?"
the famous Tombstone Epitaph, here is the real 'Whose ready for bacon and eggs!'
lowdown on the Earps, Doc Holliday, and others "I was trying to explain . . . it's not
who walked with Death on the Arizona fron-
"Next you get in your car and
tier. Hardcover. $5.00. drive along at 10 miles an hour or a color, it's a mood, a feeling . . . at
less. This way you can see a chuck- DESERT Magazine we call it 'Des-
baugh. Illustrated with a fine collection of old walla warm its belly on a hot rock, ert Sunset,' but you could just as well
photos and throbbing with exciting tales of see tiny wild flowers pop from the call it 'Desert Sunrise,' or maybe . . ."
Nevada's robust past, this an authentic ghost
town history written by one of Nevada's favor-
ite authors. Hard cover. 346 pages. $7.50.
Cain. About gold, ghost towns, Indians anc
early settlers. $3.75.
ICO by Spencer Murray and Ralph Poole. The
full scoop on cruising from Guaymas to Puerto
Vallarta, with side trips ashore, makes for gooc
reading—or good advice, if you plan such a
trip, too. Hardcover. $6.75.
WORLD OF WATER By Erie Stanley Gardner
Exploring the Sacramento Delta and living
aboard a house boat has become a summer oc
cupation for famous mystery writer Gardner
Here he tells about it. $5.
Brief resumes of lost mine articles printed in
back issues of DESERT Magazine, by a former
editor. Hardcover, 278 pages. $6.75.

Send for Free Catalog of our

Recommended Books

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Include 25c for postage and handling. Desert Magazine's new Book Shop and Mail Order Department offers the
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world's largest selection of books on the West.

20 / Desert Magazine / August - September, 1965

The telephone went dead! I guess We now have a Book Shop featuring ing, circulation and promotion offices
the operator cut us off—or maybe the the West's most outstanding authors. and we have an additional lot at the
printer did. You can see from the re- These books are displayed among rear for expansion. In the past two
production, he didn't quite capture artifacts and unusual gift items gath- years DESERT's circulation has in-
the real color. And, although we ered as we make our trips through creased from 36,000 to 48,000 and is
tried, we too didn't quite capture the the West. rising steadily each month. As circu-
mood. You just can't do it with man- lation and advertising increase, we
made paint or ink or film . . . but Although we have been in our new will continue to add color and pages
there's still the challenge. quarters only a few weeks, visiting to your DESERT magazine.
Which is exactly what DESERT readers are so enthused with the at-
Magazine has been for the past 28 mosphere they have loaned us valu- As I stated in my column this
years. A challenge to use your imag- able items to add to our display. month, we are combining the August
Only today Charles Barros of Indio, and September editions into one is-
inations and feelings. A challenge to
California, brought in a Yaqui Indian sue, the largest ever published in our
assert y o u r individualities and history, so readers will have a wider
achieve self-reliance in country where Deer Dance belt which has been in
his family for three generations. It is selection of interesting places to see
the rules you follow are your own. during their summer vacations. Our
DESERT knows that by getting out now displayed alongside Pegleg's gold
nuggets, Ken Marquiss' antique in- next issue will be the October issue
under the open sky you can attain in which we will again feature trips
this satisfaction. And if you can't do sulator, some original stock certifi-
cates from the Yellow Aster Mine and living in southern desert areas.
it physically, you can do it with us
through our articles. contributed by Carl Macur, a petri-
fied log from Carl McCoy of Blythe, Whether your vacation is on the
For the third time in its 28-years and on of Juanita's famous pine open road, or simply sitting at home
of publication, DESERT has moved needle baskets given to us by Sam reading DESERT Magazine, we hope
to a new location. Each move has been Hicks. this issue brings you an escape from
an advancement to bigger and better regimentation and the strong, silent
quarters. The new home is located The new, quarters provide ample song of desert, mountain, and back-
only a block from the old building. room for our editorial, art, advertis- country adventure. ///

August - September, 1965 / Desert Magazine / 21

Less than one hour from Los Angeles lies this
fascinating old mining town and a famous
bird sanctuary open to the public.


by John DeSha Davis

A REQUEST THAT the young

actress be given a chance to perform
theatregoers as Madame Helena Mod-
jeska. The occasion was the famed
came directly from the governor of tragedienne's debut in Adrienne Le-
the state. Fantastic? Not a bit. Just couvreur at the Old California The-
such a request was made by the gov- atre in San Francisco, a performance
ernor of California in 1877. The ac- carried out over the heads of produc-
tress? None other than a Polish im- ers reluctant to favor the then al-
migrant with the impossible name of most unknown little girl from Eur-
Helenie Modrzejewskiej Chlapowska, ope.
who for years was to thrill American The outcome of Helena Modjeska's

Silverado was once the home of Mark Twain's "Colonel Sellers."

22 / Desert Magazine / August - September, 1965

appearance that night in San Fran- future for Silverado soon gave way
cisco is now history. From that day to a poor grade of coal—coal which
forward s h e enchanted audiences did manage, nevertheless, to sustain
from coast to coast as Camille, as the little town during the days of the ».
Cleopatra, as Mary Stuart. steam locomotive.
Perhaps a lesser known facet of the A half-mile south of the Silverado
renowned actress's life was her love turnoff lies Silverado School. The
for California's countryside, in par- country now becomes more rugged
ticular that still untrammeled bit of and soon oaks crowd the road. About
Southern California known today as two miles beyond the school, "Hang-
Modjeska Canyon, safely secluded man's Sycamore Tree," recalls a dis-
within the confines of Cleveland Na- tant day when a legendary hill ban-
tional Forest and just a few miles east dit, Flores, and two of his henchmen
of Santa Ana. met an untimely end.
In the canyon named for her, not Where Santiago Canyon R o a d
far south of the once prosperous min- meets Modjeska Road, in a triangle
ing town of Silverado, Helena Mod- dominated by a great multi-branched
jeska built her home in the Forest tree, the past truly meets today. A
of Arden. left turn from S18 onto Modjeska
For motorists who have an interest Road leads to the Sweden Inn. Here,
in California's colorful history, a trip after walking across a little wooden
to Modjeska Canyon is recommend-
ed. The house today is in private
hands and not open to the public,
bridge east of the inn, you may look
through a gate over t h e spacious
lawns of Modjeska's forest garden.
but there are compensations. A num-
ber of interesting attractions are
found along the scenic canyon road
With a little imagination, you can
almost hear the tinkle of a distant
piano and the laughter of bygone
approaching Modjeska's retreat—not days when Paderewski, Henryk Sien-
the least of which is the old mining kiewicz and other great artists gath-
ered at Modjeska's old gabled ranch
town of Silverado.
Thirty minutes south f r o m Los house designed by famed architect
Stanford White.
Angeles on the Santa Ana Freeway
is the eastbound Chapman Avenue After your imagination has had its
turnoff. Five miles farther to the east, play, you might stop at Sweden Inn PALM SPRINGS' ONLY
after passing through bustling Orange for coffee and a slice of old-world HOTEL WITH ITS OWN
and newly - awakened El Modeno, applecake t o p p e d with whipped 19 HOLE CHAMPIONSHIP
Chapman Avenue winds into the cream. GOLF COURSE
foothills of the Santa Ana Mountains, At the very end of Modjeska Can-
majestically presided o v e r by Old yon is the Tucker Bird Sanctuary. ...enjoying a round of golf on
Saddleback, one of whose twin 5000- More than 140 species of birds com- 7,000 challenging yards of undulat-
foot peaks is named for Madame mon to this part of America, not the ing fairways and impeccable greens.
Modjeska. least of w h i c h are hummingbirds,
have brought fame to this sanctuary. . . . relaxing at the colorful cabana
Four miles after turning south on
Santiago Canyon Road is Irvine No admission is charged and guests area after a refreshing dip in the
Lake. Formed by Santiago Dam, this may sit comfortably on a glassed-in pool.
pleasant expanse of blue-green water porch and watch the little "hum- . . . luxuriating in the facilities of
is full of trout, bass, bluegill, and mers" feed from special feeders de- the spa and health club.
catfish. Fees for boat rentals are rea- veloped by the California Audubon
sonable and refreshments are avail- Society. Free lectures are given every . . . sipping cool pre-dinner cocktails
able from early March until mid- day throughout the year and a sanc- in the CANYON Lounge.
September. tuary garden established by Madame . . . savoring a superlative dinner in
Down the road, Santiago Creek Modjeska's English gardener may al- the elegant L'Escoffier Room.
trickles a meandering path among so be visited.
trees right up to the gate of the A return to the throbbing freeway And having a Vacation Ball!
Modjeska home. Seven miles from may be negotiated via two routes. Meeting and Ballroom facili-
Chapman Avenue and about four One, retrace your route into the area.
miles before entering Modjeska Can- ties suitable for groups from
The other is a continuation of S18
yon, Silverado Canyon Road wanders along Modjeska Road to its junction 20 to 200.
off to the left. Set deep within its with Santiago Canyon Road. From 2850 South Palm Canyon Drive
canyon, lies the little community of this point, the road ascends rapidly Palm Springs, California (714) 327-1181
Silverado. During its heyday in the via several hairpin turns to a prom-
70s, the town boasted three hotel? ontory forming the southwest wall
and no less than seven saloons, along of Modjeska Canyon. Following a
with the inevitable Wells Fargo of- tortuous descent, the road becomes
fice. Here, too, dwelled Mark Twain's more friendly as it gently unwinds to-
"Colonel Sellers." ward the sea off to the southwest. At
Off the pavement, in remote re- an intersection with S19 at Cook's
gions of the canyon, a half - dozen Corner, proceed straight ahead via
mine workings lie dormant. The bits El Toro Road to the Santa Ana Free-
of silver that once forecast a shining way.
August - September, 1965 / Desert Magazine / 23
River Trips The Secret of
A Man Named Schmidt
by Slim Randies
took 100,000 men over 30 years to
Mrs. Seger furnished us with lanterns
and we began the long walk through
complete the great pyramid of Khufu the heart of Copper Mountain. The
in ancient Egypt, but a lone pros- tunnel runs straight for 1600 feet,
GRAND CANYON pector in the high El Paso Mountains then makes a right - angle turn to
Colorado River of California spent 38 years fashion- emerge on the south side of the moun-
ing a monument to himself that will tain, affording a breathtaking view
(310 MILES) SEPT. 27-OCT. 9
outlast the ancient tomb. This mon- of the Saltdale district 2000 feet be-
ument is the hand-drilled tunnel of low and the high Sierra crest above.
"Burro" Schmidt, estimated to last Carved out of solid granite, the long
500,000 years, some 250,000 years af- shaft has no shoring, save for a few
LABOR DAY SPECIAL ter the pyramids of Egypt are leveled. timbers at either entrance. Averaging
This excavation, little known be- five feet wide and seven feet high, it
Green River gives way to larger alcoves at times,
yond its area, is a source of both pride
LODORE CANYON IN and wonder to local residents. Why shot through with veins of copper
DINOSAUR NATIONAL MONUMENT a man would spend half his lifetime and gold. The inside of the tunnel
$60 per person SEPT. 4 - 6 drilling a hole through a mountain varies less than 5 degrees in tempera-
of solid rock is a question often con- ture, providing shelter f r o m cold
templated. winds in winter and hot sun in sum-
mer. Our most appalling thought as
We arrived at the entrance to the we moved through the tunnel was
DEER HUNTERS RUN tunnel, some 4000 feet above sea lev- that in less than 2000 feet we had
Green River el north of Mojave, late in the after- walked through half a man's lifetime!
noon. High elevation a n d cooling
IN DESOLATION CANYON. winds make it a pleasant desert trip William Henry Schmidt, fated to
BEST DEER HUNTING IN UTAH. even in summer. Near the tunnel's be known as the "Human Mole" in
OCT. 15 21 entrance is the old propector's cabin Ripley's Believe it or Not some 68
Vvhich stands next to the modest years later, was born in Woonsocket,
dwelling of the camp's sole inhabi- Rhode Island, in 1871. The Schmidt
tant, Mrs. Tonie Seger. As we were family was cursed with tuberculosis,
MEXICO RIVER-OCEAN TRIPS anxious to see the tunnel before dark, three sisters and three brothers dying
NOV. 1 4 - 2 0

NOV. 29-DEC 10


DEC. 28-JAN. 3

• - ' • * • «

For reservations, information and

brochures, call or write:

Western River Expeditions

1699 EAST 3350 SOUTH
PHONE 484-4006
• Soltdale

24 / Desert Magazine / August - September, 1965

tunnel a n d bought a hand car to
transport muck from within the
mountain to the pile of tailings at Was this strange
the north entrance of the shaft. Mrs.
Seger said he quit buying kerosene man's project a mania
for lanterns when the price jumped — or did he have
from 5c to 10c per gallon, preferring
to use small candles which cost only something valuable
5c for three. After drilling in 1700 to hide? It's up to
feet, he found the candles wouldn't
burn due to lack of oxygen. Many you, the reader, to
times he worked in the dark—this for
a man with tuberculosis! decide.
In his wooden shack, now a mus-
eum, are displayed relics of his 38
years in the tunnel. On the walls are
hand drills and in the center of the
room is an iron cookstove he pur-
chased for $4.00. It was estimated he
before the age of 30. At 24, urged by cooked nearly 25,000 meals on it—
his doctor to go to the desert to fight chiefly beans and flapjacks, accom-
the disease, young Schmidt went to panied with large quantities of whis-
work for the Kern County Land Com- key.
pany. In 1906 he located several Finally, after 38 years of hard work
claims on Copper Mountain near the with hammer, jack and dynamite, he
present tunnel, but no one will know broke through to the south side of
how good they were, as none was
the mountain and completed what is
ever worked. First, miles of road had
to be built to transport ore to the probably the greatest example of one
smelter. Schmidt figured that by drill- man's persistance on a single project.
ing a tunnel through the heart of A brief glow of fame included an
Copper Mountain, he could transport article in Time magazine and an of-
his ore to the Borax road that con- fer from Robert Ripley to appear on
nected Death Valley with Mojave, a New York radio program. Geolo-
thus saving money and time. Immedi- gists from all over the country ar-
ately he began drilling his tunnel, rived to view the tunnel and in a
with only a hand drill and a four- short time it became a tourist attrac-
pound hammer. To pay expenses, he tion.
worked on ranches in Kern Valley Burro Schmidt was 68 at the time
during summer months, but always he completed his tunnel. Following
returned in the fall to his cabin builtthat he operated it as a tourist attrac-
of scrap lumber. Jack and Jenny, two tion until his death in 1962 at the
faithful burros who remained with age of 83. Tonie Seger, the present
him for 25 years, hauled his supplies owner of the camp and tunnel,
from Randsburg. It was because of bought the place after a tax sale, not
their constant presence that Schmidt
acquired the nickname of "Burro."
knowing the story of the tunnel at
the time. Today you may walk
through it at no charge. Good roads
Until the tunnel was half finished, lead to the camp either from Hart's BASIN* CAMP.
his goal of access to roads for his ore Place on Highway 6 or through Last
drove him deeper and deeper into Chance Canyon from Cantil. Mrs.
the mountain. Then the tunnel's pur- Seger, who has become an authority
pose became obsolete. A railroad was on the history of the area, is a charm-
put through Indian Wells Valley and ing hostess.
a good road to nearby Dutch Cleans- FAMOUS

er mine made the drilling of the tun- In 38 years of drilling, Schmidt
was known to have sold only 20 tons
nel a waste of time. But instead of
working his claims a n d using the of ore from the estimated 2600 cubic TUNNEL
roads, Burro persisted in drilling his yards of rock he took from the shaft.
The ore, sold at $60 per ton, brought
half - completed shaft. Some people
him $1200 for the $44,000 worth of
considered this a 'sure sign of insani- labor he estimated he contributed to ft'LCS
ty. Others, more romantic, spread the tunnel. Yet, when the old man
rumors of a lost lode of gold known died $2700 cash was found under the
as the Crystal Room, where Schmidt windowsill of his cabin and caches
had supposedly found a fortune and of gold nuggets have turned up here
used the tunnel as an excuse to stay and there in his camp. Perhaps the
on the mountain. story of a lost Crystal Room is true.
Living a n d working alone, he Who can say? Several people yet alive
shunned company and spent most of claim to have seen the room which
his daylight hours working on his he, reportedly, blasted shut upon
hole. He laid a small track in the completion of the tunnel. ///

August - September, 1965 / Desert Magazine / 25

The Staff's Life
by bruce barron

Lstonishing as it may seem, the saintly torch thread to sew hides and furs. Sharp spines on the
called Our Lord's Candle (Yucca Whipplei), once ends of the leaves furnished needles to facilitate
fulfilled a great number of basic needs in its spiny the sewing.
package. In early spring when young stalks But, along with all of its practical appli-
emerged like huge asparagus tips, primitive Indians cations, yucca combines beauty with practicali-
roasted them in rock-lined fire pits similar to those ty. An intricately patterned planter may be cre-
we dig for clam bakes today. The result was a ated by kicking away the plant's dried leaf spikes
sticky mass of juicy pulp eaten like thick pudding, where they join the dead flower stalk, sawing
pressed into patties, or dried in hot desert sun and the stalk to the height you wish the bowl to be,
stored for lean winter months. By diluting pulp and hollowing out the center with fire and a
with water, these Indians concocted a sweet bev- knife, leaving two or three inches of unburned
erage and by grinding the seeds of mature plants material at the base. You may then insert a tin
with stone utensils, they made a flour that could can or container and steady it by pouring dry
be mixed with other foods. sand into the crevices between it and the inner
These marvelous plants contain saponin, a walls of the yucca. Various sized bowls may also
soap-like substance which lathers in the hardest be employed to hold magazines, knitting, or to
water. What a blessing it must have been for provide unusual waste baskets.
washing fingers gooey with roasted agave! Re- On a recent trip to Baja, where the yucca is
ferred to as amole by Spanish settlers, this soap plentiful, we found ourselves short on containers
was also used by Indians to treat certain skin ail- to carry our rapidly accumulating mementos of
ments. the trip. One evening we chanced upon a camping
spot amid a large group of agaves which had died
Yucca stalks attain considerable rigidity as and were bleaching in the sun. Immediately we
they grow tall. In many areas they grow over 10 went to work and soon had a number of light-
feet high. Stalks were used by early Indians to weight baskets in which we could carry our ore
reinforce the adobe ceilings of hogans and cliff samples, fossils, sea shells, fresh clams, and other
dwellings and to provide framework for temporary treasures.
"wickiups" that were then covered with mats
woven of fibre obtained from the plant's leaves. If man must someday re-emerge from cave
dwellings as a result of his indiscretions in the use
These fibres were extracted by a process of of nuclear warfare (or some other diastrophic
soaking and beating to separate the fibre from the force), it would be comforting to find that these
pulp. Then they were rolled against the hips of hardy plants had survived and were again avail-
hefty squaws to form long strands that could be able to sustain human life while civilization re-
woven into clothing, sandals, mats, blankets or established itself. ///
This wild, rip-roarin' mining camp
of the 1800s is today considered an
educational sojourn into Western
America's past!

Photo by Tom Meyers

28 / Desert Magazine / August - September, 1965

by marie forker
OOD-BYE, GOD! I'm going to "where God puts gold, He seldom found and re-interred with a fitting
Bodie," was supposedly added to the puts much else" was evident to us ceremony in Bodie's "Boot Hill."
end of a prayer said by a small child as we rounded the last curve and came Speeches were made and everyone al-
whose parents were, like thousands of upon our first view of the old ghost lowed that the man for whom the
others, rushing to the big, rich, gold town silhouetted against the Bodie town was named, although incorrect-
strike at Bodie, California. The edi- hills. Later, walking about the build- ly spelled, should rest in peace in
tor of a Bodie paper allowed that the ings, closed mines, and tumbling Bodie's own soil. Citizens subscribed
child's words were misquoted, that tombstones on Boot Hill, I could not a fund for a monument carved from
what she really said was, "Good! By help but know that for each ounce granite brought down from Bodie
God, I'm going to Bodie." It takes of precious gold taken from those Bluff, but the tired bones of Bodey
both versions of the words to describe barren hills, that same earth took its remained unmarked. Upon the news
the feelings of all the Bodieites of dole in human tragedies. The un- of Garfield's death, the monument
that time; the bold and venturesome timely death of William S. Bodey, was inscribed instead to the memory
would go along with the editor, while the 45-year-old New York Dutchman of the martyred president. In a grave
the more serious must have known, who discovered gold here, was the further up the hill, overgrown with
as did the little girl, that it might be initial installment. He lost his life bunchgrass and unmarked until a
a one-way trip. This was more than in a blizzard during his first winter. few years ago, rest the remains of
a century ago, and even today, this When his companions found him William S. Bodey. Today, however,
two-way phrase serves to accentuate after the spring thaws, only naked a bronze plate on the grave proclaims
the fact that Bodie "was and rightly bones and a few personal articles him the discoverer of Bodie's gold
deserved its reputation as the most indicated it was Bodey. They bur- with these appropriate words: "Let
lawless, the wildest, and the toughest ried him there on the bluff where him repose in peace amid these ever-
mining town the West has ever seen." he'd been covered so long under the lasting hills." It is dated 1957.
snow and soon his grave became un-
The old miner's legend that says known. But in 1879 his remains were Ironically, this is almost a century

The Cain residence in Bodie. This colorful mining camp is mentioned often in the writings of Mark Twain.
Its mines yielded over $80 million in gold.

August - September, 1965 / Desert Magazine / 29

after that day in 1959 when William Pages of history can be read from may be had by going back to
S. Bodey trudged over that hill, pull- the weather-worn buildings and bric- U. 8. Highway §95 and driving north
ed his burro to a sudden stop, pan- a-brac left behind by the lusty miners to Bridgeport, Carson City, or Reno,
ned a few scoops of dirt, and yelled, when the town boasted a population south to Lee Vining, Bishop, and the
"Gold! Gold! Gold!" His nuggets and of over 10,000 people. In the museum various passes into Yosemite and the
the Veto. Madre, as the Mexicans call there is a horse-drawn hearse, ornate other National Parks. If headed East
a mother vein, were enough to make with etched silver and embelish- into Nevada, then Hawthorne on
anyone yell, and Bodey felt he was ments used by Bodie's notorious un- U.S. Highway 95 is only 40 miles to
going to be well rewarded for that dertakers who fell to robbing graves the east. Even in mid-summer, it is
"hell of a long distance he had come and taking coffins to brazenly resell. cool here.
to find it." But that distance was only The brick building near the one-
a modicum to the distance those words Mrs. Cain, Bodie's chief biographer,
room school house was the sub-sta- has recently managed to breathe Bodie
of his were to travel, for no words tion power house. The line came 13
ever spoken echoed and reverberated miles from Green Creek, and was back to life. She was born and raised
so far. People came from everywhere, the first instance where electric power there and married the son of a pro-
even from across the seas, to therip- was transmitted over wires for any minent resident. Because of this
roarin', gun barkin', hell-camp called distance anywhere in the world. The family's devotion to the spot, they
Bodie. line ran straight, regardless of ob- fought hard to turn the old ghost of
stacles, as it was believed then that Bodie into a state park — a status
Today, the crumbling, neglected achieved in the Fall of 1964.
graveyard attests to the fact that Bodie the voltage would bounce off the
wire at the turns. Plans for development are many,
dealt its people a hard life. Cold but foremost will be its preservation
winters, sickness, shootings, and ac- In spite of fires that almost level- with no commercialization. In all of
cidents kept grave diggers busy and ed the town several times many relics our trips in search of interesting, out-
etched plates on the tombstones in- have been saved by the Cain family of-the-way places, we have seldom
dicate that life spans were short. who lived in Bodie during its great come upon a place as educational as
Colorful, raucous Bodie with its days when the mines produced over this where old landmarks are not
shootings, brawls and stabbings was $80,000,000 worth of gold. ruthlessly demolished or covered with
known as a "Shooting Town." One Though Bodie once boasted 60 superhighways. How invigorating it
episode, involving a fast-draw artist saloons, seven breweries, and many was to stumble upon this old spot,
and a quick-firing Pete, ended in a lodging and gambling houses, today filled with memories of the past, yet
duel with a double funeral the next you will find no accommodations al- untouched by the hands of progress
day. By-standers called it a tie! though food, motels, and campsites and transition! ///


To Bishop

30 / Desert Magazine / August - September, 1965

by Justine Lancaster

DESERT Magazine hesitates to publish field trips to gem fields

because such articles are too often written by authors without
X ALK TO a gem collector about current information. In this issue we are pleased to make an
Arizona and he will paint a picture exception. The conscientious author has personally and cur-
of a vast cornucopia of precious and rently visited each of the fields discussed in her article.
and semi - precious gems, petrified
wood, amethyst, garnet, gold, silver,
turquoise, peridots — just waiting to 'A
be gathered. It helps if you have a
4-wheel drive vehicle to hit the back-
country bonanzas, but a surprising
number of good gem fields lie right
along paved roads. Following are a
number of locations visited recently
by this writer.
Superior - Apache Tears
Beside Pickett's Mountain just out-
side of Superior, lies a vast Apache
Tear field. Apache tears are small
globules of volcanic glass, or obsidi-
an. Usually a dark smokey grey and
transparent, they may have dark
black bands • or striations through
them. When banded, the tears form
beautiful patterns with which the
lapidarian can form a cat's eye. This
type is sometimes incorrectly called
smokey topaz.
The most popular Arizona source
is in the desert west of Superior.
Three miles west of Superior on
Highway 60-70 is the Boyce Thomp-
son Arboretum, at the foot of Pick-
ett's Mountain. A picnic area and
colorful trails make the arboretum
an excellent stop.
Driving toward Superior from the
arboretum, the top of the hill on
60-70 has a road leading off to the
right (south) called Apache Tear
Road. You can also take the next
right; (south) at the Superior Air-
port. Both roads are dirt, but easily
traveled. Either road will put you in
the middle of the Apache tear beds
in about one mile.
Various signs will lead you to
small rock shops at the tear beds. Al-

August - September, 1965 / Desert Magazine / 31


Aforf o/ J/iese tn'/w are near pleasant

campsites, such as the Giant Dells of MAP— MAttR OMXV
Prescott photographed on opposite TRIP HO. X.

page by Darwin Van Campen.

though tears are found everywhere, it Mayer - Onyx ends, revealing a cattle fence and
is easier to pay the nominal fee re- gate. Beyond the fence is the frame
quested by any one of the shops for Onyx is similar to marble, but of a jib crane used years ago when
admission to their particular tear slightly softer. It is easily polished the quarry was commercially operat-
bed. Charges vary from 25c per three with sandpaper and steel wool, or ed; park here or enter the quarry to
pounds of tears to 50c per person, can be worked with ordinary wood- park. (Please close the gate after ^ou
with no limit on amout. working tools, but is rough on them. enter.) The complete hill is onyx,
Sometimes called Arizona marble, much of it loose and easily removed.
Tears are found in pearlite, a light There are a few shafts where the
grey, crystalline rock mined and used it ranges from white through brown
onyx was previously mined, but these
for aggregate in concrete and cinder and purple. Lemon yellow and red- are not overly safe. Pieces found in
blocks. It is easily broken with a brown are the best specimens found bushes and on the dumps surround-
screwdriver, rock hammer, or small here. ing the quarry are your best source
cold chisel. Tears appear as small This field is 26 miles south of Pres- of material.
black dots in the pearlite, ranging cott, just outside Mayer on the Pres-
from pea to doorknob size. To re- cott-Phoenix Highway, Arizona 69. Saddle Mountain —
move a tear, carefully chip the pear- Because it is only a few hundred
lite away from it. You should have yards north of Mayer, it is easily lo- Fire Agate & Chalcedony
no difficulty gathering s e v e r a l - cated by starting just south of town The largest and most famous of
pounds of tears in one hour. Should and following Highway 69 north. the Phoenix area gem fields is Sad-
you find any larger than eggs, con- Shortly after crossing Big Bug Creek dle Mountain. Bright orange agate
sider yourself lucky. Large sizes are on the north side of Mayer, a rock imbedded in milky white chalcedony
rare. wall along the highway abruptly appears to be afire when held in

32 / Desert Magazine / August - September, 1965

rv. *
pass through a cattle guard and the junction the road forms a "T." This
road immediately forks. Continue on is the only good dirt road leading off
the left road for about a V2 mile, or to the right anywhere near this point.
until the mountain is directly beside Follow it seven miles to the mine.
you. This is a vast gem field, but due The mine is one mile past the sec-
to its popularity, few specimens still ond cattle gate. (Please close gates
remain near the road. The closer you after you pass through.) Because the
go to the mountain, the better and road deteriorates badly from here,
larger the specimens will be. Moun- you may want to leave your car and
tain climbers will find complete ledg- walk to the mine. The best gem
es of agate, but fine specimens are starting places are either the lowest
everywhere and no climbing is really point in the road just before the
necessary. mine, or the concrete slab that once
Brenda — Jasper was the mine office.
One mile east of Brenda on High- Quartzsite — Quartz Crystals
way 60-70 lies a large jasper field.
Slightly harder than agate, it is ex- Quartz crystals are formed as mol-
cellent for tumbling or lapidary ten pools of mineral (silicon dioxide)
front of a light. Because of difference
in hardness between fire agate and work. Beautiful pieces of paisley jas- gradually cool. If there are no im-
the chalcedony in which it is imbed- per, for which this field is famous, purities and cooling is slow enough,
ded, it is difficult to tumble, but are abundant. High-quality jasper is large clear crystals are formed. The
hand-finishes nicely. Chalcedony may identified by its hardness, its glass- largest crystal we have ever seen at
be found in odd-shaped pieces called ine appearance and its slippery or Quartzsite was over 8" long and 3"
desert roses. It is a waxy, molten- soapy feel. It is always opaque, but in diameter and perfectly clear. You
appearing rock and often includes in this field many specimens have must dig eight feet or more for large
quartz crystals. tiny splotches of light blue vein- ones, but there are perfect small ones
agate. These inclusions form the 2" long on the surface. A source of
Saddle Mountain is located about crystals lies within the confines of
most beautiful and best specimens of
35 miles west of Buckeye, or about Kofa Game Refuge about 50 miles
this area.
50 miles west of Phoenix. About 2 north of Yuma. This region is noted
miles west of Buckeye a paved road Shortly before you reach Brenda, for its abruptly changing scenery and
cuts off Highway 80 to the right going west on Highway 60-70, you its beautiful ponoramas. It also con-
(west). This road is the old High- come to a roadside rest (check your tains the mysterious Wild Palm Can-
way 80 and, as the sign indicates, speedometer at Hope; the rest area yon and the King of Arizona Mine
leads to Palo Verde, Hassayampa, Ar- is 13 miles west). You will see a ghost town, one of the most remark-
lington and other small farm com- statue a short distance west; another ably preserved in the state.
munities. Take old Highway 80 is directly behind it on a low hill
further west. The jasper field is lo- Heading south nine miles on High-
through the town of Palo Verde and way 95 out of Quartzsite a large sign
across the Hassayampa River by the cated just past the second statue,
where the highway has wide graded marks the U. S. Army Yuma Test
gas station of the same name. At this Station. One mile beyond the sign
point a paved road leads north to shoulders s u i t a b l e for parking.
(About 200 yards past the roadside look for a single dirt road heading
Wintersburg. When you are 10 miles due east. A very small sign here
past the town of Wintersburg, lyou rest.) The jasper field is on the oth-
er side of the fence on the north side points to Crystal Hills. Follow this
of the road. road for seven miles. The road is
crossed by occasional washes which
Anderson Mine — Agate require driving caution. At a large
An old uranium mine is the site mail box, "Crystal Hills Registry,"
of this adventure in Arizona gem turn left. In about one-quarter mile
collecting. The Anderson mine is so you cross a large dry wash. Here is
abundant in agate that it is stacked a good place to park. The large Syca-
in piles throughout the area. Agate more trees make this region a favor-
in this area is predominately red and ite winter camping area.
blue with occasional green banding. The three ridges in front of you
Glass-like in appearance, it will ring are crystal hills. If you are only
a rock hammer. Much of the stone in here for an afternoon, the best meth-
this field has a burnt or "bubbly" od for locating crystals is simply to
appearance on the outside. sift through rockpiles or tailings lo-
To reach this field, turn west on cated at any one of the many holes
the Alamo Road, which is four miles which pockmark the hills. A dirt
northwest of the intersection of High- sifter and whisk broom are great aids.
ways 93 and 71 (north of Wicken- Three hours work should give you a
burg) . Do not try any of the side bucket full of crystals and a small
roads as they quickly become "jeep handful of perfect specimens, some
only" trails. At eight miles, the road perhaps larger than your thumb.
forms a clearly marked "Y." Take the These are only a few of Arizona's
right branch. Portions of this road rock fields. As you become addicted
follow a ridge; slow speed is the only to this fascinating hobby, you will
precaution required, for road width find it leading you all over the West-
and clearance is more than adequate ern deserts in quest of gem stones
for any car. Exactly 12 miles past the native to other areas. ///

34 / Desert Magazine / August - September, 1965

On the Nevada-Oregon border a horse strayed, a
qold hdg& appeared, and natives of tills isolated
country have been trying to find it ever since.
Maybe a stranger will show them the way!


Charleston Hill


Ward S Bell Mine


Buckskin Peak

on the valley floors and covers the

mountain slopes. The peaks are es-
sentially bare, but on Buckskin Peak
a few, small stands of fir persist in
the isolated ravines.
At that time, prospectors didn't
consider the northern Santa Rosas
as favorable for mineralization. The
partners did no prospecting, their on-
ly thought was to get on to Tusca-
rora. After breakfast the next morn-
ing, one miner rounded up the hors-
es while the other broke camp. In
rounding up the strays, the miner
noted a peculiar ledge of rock and,
picking off a slab, he carried it back
to camp. Neither of the partners rec-
ognized this type of rock, so they put
a specimen in a saddle bag to have
it assayed in Tuscarora. When they
General view of National mining camp in 1911. Two-story frame building arrived there, they dropped off their
is National Hotel. specimen at a blacksmith shop and
forgot about it. Several months later
OOMWHERE NEAR the southern Humboldt County. Instead of con- the smithie reminded them of it, so
end of Buckskin Peak, hidden in an tinuing to Winnemucca, they tried the miners took it to the assayer. Re-
obscure way, is a tremendously rich a shortcut across the Santa Rosa sults gave the rock a value of $16,000
vein of gold-silver or electrum. Old- Range in the vicinity of Threemile per ton of electrum.
timers searched for the vein and Creek, camping at a spring on the Excited over the high return, the
failed, yet during the quest they dis- southern side of Buckskin Peak. partners put together an outfit and
covered outcrops in what became the
National district. Prospectors had spent little time in struck out again for the Santa Rosas.
the northern Santa Rosas in the ear- They had no trouble locating the
Two miners started out from Sil- ly days, stopping when they encoun- mountain, for Buckskin is the high-
ver City, Idaho, with saddle horses tered the thick lava flows. The Santa est peak in that part of the range,
and pack animals, heading for the Rosas are a typical desert range, drab not far from the Oregon line, and
mining camp of Tuscarora, Nevada. and barren at first, yet they grow on they thought they recognized the
Their route carried them across the you. Willows along the streams con- spring where they'd camped or, at
southeast corner of Oregon and along trast with the dark-brown country least, it looked like the same spring.
the broad Quinn River Valley in rock. Gray - green sagebrush thrives For several days they searched

August - September, 1965 / Desert Magazine / 35

Buckskin Peak looking southeast. At this point we can possibly nar-
row the time element down a bit.
Waldemar Lindgren, in U. S. Geo-
B ickskin eo*. logical Survey Bulletin 601, writes
that the Spring City district was dis-
covered about 1868, organized in
1873, and produced several million
dollars worth of metal from narrow,
high - grade, gold - and - silver seams
during the '80s. The district was ac-
tive again in 1891 and 1892. So it
would seem that the stopovers by the
search parties could be no later than
1893. Again, Lindgren suggests that
the veins on Buckskin Peak were lo-
cated several years prior to the dis-
covery of the National district. The
first claims staked around National
were located in 1907. So a date in
the early '90s shouldn't be far off.
without luck. Everything seemed several cronies. Other parties outfit- Actually, the time makes no dif-
changed, except the mountain itself. ted for trips into the area, but these ference, but we must bring W. J.
Then they became uncertain about also failed to find the ledge which Bell into the picture. Bell, later to
the spring, for they discovered other carried the rich electrum. Eventually become a county commissioner for
springs. Naturally, they had spent it became a "lost" mine. Humboldt County, was the propri-
little time there on their first trip, In making the trips from Tusca- etor of the hotel at Spring City.
coming in at dusk and leaving at rora to Buckskin Peak, some of the Gleaning bits of information from
daybreak. Disappointed, they finally parties stayed overnight at Spring parties who passed through, he start-
shoved off for Tuscarora. Several oth- City, at that time a thriving mining ed putting pieces of the story togeth-
er times they made trips to Buckskin camp, according to George W. Rose, er from third and fourth-hand sourc-
Peak, but never with success. who told the story in the Salt Lake es. With visions of $16,000 per ton ore
After one of the partners died, the Mining Review of February 15, 1925. dancing through his head, he became
other determined to quit "rainbow Spring City lay south of Spring Peak, so inflicted that he managed to in-
running," so imparted the story to 8 miles north of Paradise. terest a friend, George Ward, in
making a trip with him. Their op-
portunity came about one winter
when prospectors, miners, gamblers,
and promoters "pulled stakes" and
left Spring City virtually deserted.
In the northern Santa Rosas, the
winters are cruel, start early and last
late, and fierce blizzards blanket the
sage-covered slopes with heavy snow.
There was nothing they could do but
sit and wait for the summer. Head-
ing out for Buckskin Peak, they set-
up camp and began prospecting.
One day they noted what Rose called
"a large vein of quartz or a dike of
porphyry," w h i c h traversed the
mountainside for several hundred
feet. Although there was little evi-
THE FAMILY VEHICLE FOU YEAR-ROUND FUN! dence of mineral, they staked some
Exclusive Sliding Canopy Top claims.
Only Pullman Camper features this exclusive and patented Canopy Top which adds 36 square
feet of area and can be completely enclosed with special fitted curtains. It takes only a
Everyone decided the lost mine
minute to unsnap the tension latches and roll out on rugged nylon rollers. Guaranteed not had been found, but the Bell & Ward
to rattle. IN THE TREELESS DESERT AREAS WHERE SHADE MEANS LIFE YOU ARE SAFE property never developed into much
Other Pullman Features values were found and a few small
STRONG LIGHTWEIGHT CONSTRUCTION. Tubular aluminum framework provides greater lots of hand-sorted ore were shipped.
strength yet reduces over-all weight and gas costs. Safety g ass in all stationary windows. Bell and Ward puttered with their
LOADING MADE EASY. Extra-wi^e four-foot rear door. mine for several seasons. Just a half
SPACE SAVING. Door table cabinet provides storage space and doubles as table or work area. mile to the north, ruby, horn and
CLEAN, DRY INTERIOR. Water-tight and dust proof Neoprene gaskets around all windows, native silver were found on the
doors and underside. Neversweat claim (the name ironi-
Prices Start at Only $375.00 cally describing the climate) and a
PULLMAN CAMPERS, DEPT. DM, 8211 PHLOX ST., DOWNEY, CALIFORNIA further north, the Martin prospect
TELEPHONE TOpaz 2-7968 or SPruce 3-5686.
also proved disappointing.

36 / Desert Magazine / August - September, 1965

Since the area had been prospected
heavily with no bonanzas found, old-
timers "opined" that the Lost Buck-
skin Peak Mine hadn't been found
Comes with
natural gold nugget NOW! THE NEW
after all. For one thing, the ledge
that it will detect.
stumbled upon by the itinerant min-
er had been on the south side of
5% discount for cash
Buckskin. Bell, Ward and others had The new GOLD-MASTER Mineral,
Metal and Treasure finder can detect '•/• *
made their locations on the north small Gold and Silver nuggets, Rings, Coins, °r
flank. The Bell and Ward prospect Mineral float, Veins and Treasures. NO EAR- ~*sA
PHONES. A powerful speaker is used. Comes
was situated high on the mountain, with two loops, one for small nuggets and one
for treasures and veins. SIMPLE TO OPERATE.
just shy of 8,000 feet, yet the two Comes with samples, instructions and fresh batteries.
miners had made camp near a spring COMPLETE, ONLY $169.50
at the base. Most important, that rich $29.50 down, Balance at $10.57 per month
assay came from electrum, and the — FREE LITERATURE — WHITE'S
low-grade veins on the north side Detects: Gold, Silver, Copper, Coins, ELECTRONICS
carried silver only. Kings, Treasure, Metals and other Pleasant Valley Rd., Dept. DM,
Mineral Deposits. GUARANTEED! Sweet Home, Oregon
Other prospectors invaded the
area looking for the Lost Buckskin
Peak Mine. One, J. L. Workman,
chugged into the area by auto. His
"tin lizzie" couldn't reach the area
of interest, so he concentrated on
tributaries of Threemile Creek, with-
in sight of his car. for
In his wanderings, W o r k m a n
named many prominent topographic
features after parts of his car, Radi-
ator Hill, Auto Hill, Fender Gulch,
and the like. That year, 1907, he Out beyond trail's end . . .
made about 40 locations, which be- a man has to be rugged, and so does his
came the basis for a rush to the Na- equipment. Everything you take along
tional district, of which Buckskin must be as tough as the terrain, as de-
Peak is a part. He leased most of his pendable as your rig, as safe and sure as
claims. On one claim, the Stall broth- modern engineering can make it. And
ers sank a shaft and at 40 feet struck that goes double for the winch that must
bonanza ore. Later this property be- keep you going when the going's impos-
came the basis for the National sible. That's why . . .
Mine, which produced the sort of You need a King by Koenig...
ore every prospector dreams about.
the quality winch that won't quit! Koenig
George Stall reported that one ton developed the first front-mount winch
yielded 1135,000. S. Taylor, superin- over 30 years ago, and today there are
tendent in 1911, stated that the Na- lightweight King Winches available for
tional Mines Co. made $70,000 from almost every popular 4WD vehicle in-
a slab which measured 3 by 6 feet cluding Land Rover, 'Jeep,' Scout, Nis-
and only a few inches wide. Anoth- san Patrol, Ford, Chevrolet and many
er superintendent, P. G. Harrison, others. Every King is furnished in a com-
shipped 4,500 pounds which netted plete kit ready for immediate installa-
$81.20 a pound, or a total of $365,400 tion ... and you have your choice of pull-
for the electrum. You can imagine ing capacities from 8,000 to 19,000
the rush this news created and you pounds, platform or underslung mount-
can imagine t h e highgrading that Model LG21 for Land Rover Series II and ings, and as optional equipment, an au-
went on, and the thefts. The town 11 A. Power take-off drive on transfer tomatic safety brake for really big hoist-
case. Four speeds forward, one reverse ing capacity. Make the most of your next
of National, like most rush camps, through Land Rover t r a n s m i s s i o n .
had a checkered history. Crankshaft-drive models also available. adventure . . . make sure, you have the
power of a King!
Rainbow runners forgot about the
Lost Buckskin Peak Mine in the flur- WRITE TODAY FOR THE NAME OF YOUR
ry of excitement around nearby Nat- NEAREST KING WINCH DISTRIBUTOR.
ional. Prospectors who searched for
this ignis fatuus in the early '90s
died or moved to other parts, and AND MODEL OF YOUR VEHICLE.
that rich, obscure vein has never yet
been found.
Some day, some lucky fellow will
stumble across that rich ledge of
electrum. But it had better be in Model H611S for I-H Scout. Power take-
off drive on transfer case. Mounts be-
the summer. In the winter he'd be tween Scout grille and radiator... heavy- P. 0. BOX 7726, Dept. DT-5 • UN 94611 (713)
liable to stumble and break his neck! duty bumper supplied. Model H161S (not
shown) mounts in front of grille. Houston, Texas 77007

August - September, 1965 / Desert Magazine / 37

While representing DESERT Magazine Angel Arch
6tL &. U(<tk sponsored {our ot new photo by
Canyonlands National Park, the writer Oldendorph.
found that a "once over lightly"
approach isn't enough. Here she tells you
how to plan your own trip.

How to Travel Like a Travel Writer

by Kaye Price
X. HERE ARE two ways to tell sandstone ampitheatre behind it and reached by car on a graded, dry-
about my recent trip to Canyonlands to ramble over slickrock domes count- weather road north of Moab. This
National Park; What I did . . . and ing wildflowers. is the north entrance to the Park.)
what I wish I could have done. As At Hite, our party distributed it-
for the former, I represented DES- Well - marked trails took us past
Tower ruins and Paul Bunyon's self into several motor launches for
ERT on a Travel Writers' Tour a look at prehistoric Moki ruins, the
sponsored by the Utah Tourist Coun- Chamber Pot to Squaw Springs pic-
cil . . . a weekend of fabulous touring nic-camp grounds for a pit bar-be- sheer Tapestry Rock, and brief ex-
crammed into every daylight hour. cue. Those with more time should plorations of meandering canyons
The latter? That's for you to do on investigate the colorfully named rock with overhanging rock coves, hidden
a longer visitl formations and Indian ruins, camp dunes of pink sand and cottonwood
in one of the primitive sites desig- groves. We stopped at the Olympia
But, what's "long enough" in this nated by the Park Service (check Bar for some instant rockhounding
southeastern Utah wonderland? Re- in at Squaw Springs Ranger Station (handsful of petrified wood, jasper,
sisting a peek around the next bend and bring your own water and fire- and moss agate). We were only able
of this park's 257,640 acres is about wood) . to see that part of Lake Powell be-
as easy as stopping at one peanut. tween Hite and Hall's Crossing, but
The only answer is in scheduling as We were thankful to have experi- took a quick look at Bullfrog Basin,
many days as you possibly can, and enced drivers on the crazy quilt ride which is being developed and is
covering one area at a time, leaving up Elephant Hill where a short hike scheduled to be linked by ferry to
those left uncovered for subsequent to the canyon rim gave us our best Hall's Crossing in the near future.
trips. view of the Needles and grabens Road access to these upper marinas
(parallel flats between the standing is improving, though limited; High-
Canyonlands might be divided into rocks). Under dry road conditions, way 95 from Blanding to Hite is
three areas; the northern Islands in it's possible for a passenger car to nearing completion, but, as one resi-
the Sky (Deadhorse and Grandview get as far as Elephant Hill, but the dent put it, it's 93 miles from Bland-
Points), The Needles, and southern- climb to the Viewpoint must be on ing to Hall's Crossing . . . all but
most Lake Powell. Chamber of Com- foot. Licensed touring agencies offer 80 miles paved! Both tours and boat
merce members and business leaders back country trips of several hours rentals are available at Hite, Hall's
from Moab,- Monticello, Blanding, or days. Investigate Druid Arch and Crossing, Wahweap, and Lee's Ferry
and Bluff housed, entertained, fed other areas not mentioned here. at the present time.
and enabled our travel-writers' tour
to get a flash view of the entire Park With time at a minimum, a flight Whether your trip is brief, like
by chauffeuring us in everything from to Hite was necessary the next day, ours, or of a longer duration, it
four wheelers, small planes, boats but it added depth to our picture. would take years to cover all of Can-
and pick - ups to the Monticello We circled Owachomo Bridge at Na- yonlands. As I see it, it must be a
School bus. The same preferential tional Bridges Monument, flew close succession of trips—each visit differ-
treatment is available to you through to landmarks such as the Bear's Ears ent due to the rising lake levels and
local concessionaires. and Jacob's Chair and reminisced road improvements—with endless pos-
over Fry Canyon's uranium mines sibilities through various transporta-
When it takes two hours to jog 13 that were so heatedly discussed 10 tion media.
miles, you're in rugged country! years ago. On your trip, you might Undoubtedly, few places have the
Twenty-five vehicles cavalcaded into arrange an aerial tour with one of varied challenges of Canyonlands.
the Needles on the first day of our the charter agencies located at Moab, But don't try to absorb it all at once.
trip. Primary target — Angel Arch. Monticello or Blanding; then fly over It is better to divide the area into
There was great camera activity at the Needles or the Islands in the Sky three sections, as suggested in the
the viewpoint for us, but when you for a graphic idea of rugged terrain. beginning of this article, and enjoy
go, take time to hike to the huge (The Islands in the Sky may be each one on a separate vacation. / / /
38 / Desert Magazine / August - September, 1965
It's always good to believe a little bit in everything.
Here's a startling example in which the tragic legend
of a lovelorn maiden proved true.

skiers ripple the water, unaware that end was that the cave contained a
EXPLORATIONS OF the innum- underneath lie remains of the settle- pool that possessed magic properties.
erable caves of California have led ment of Baird and the site of an old It was said that whoever bathed in
to exciting discoveries of life in the U. S. fish hatchery. the pool would be granted his wish.
millenia past. It is evident that early Before white men arrived, the Win- Three Wintun maidens, apparently
animals sought sanctuary from the tun Indians inhabited the region, disappointed in the power of the
discomforts of the elements and water, were told by an old woman
enemy predators. Later, Indians used fishing its streams and hunting in its that deeper in the cave was a second
the caves for similar reasons. Geologi- jagged, wooded mountains. Some of pool with more potent water. Armed
cal formations and fauna fossil finds their prey found sanctuary in caves, with this new information they prob-
have contributed substantially to pre- until the Wintuns found the en- ed the depths of the cave until they
sent day knowledge of the ages past. trances and turned the caves into found a steep passageway leading to
Sometimes a slender thread of infor- traps. the edge of a pit. One of the maidens
mation has lead to great discoveries. It was natural, then, that explor- slipped on the damp rocks and
One of the explorations of caves, in ing cavers seeking information would though her companions tried to save
the early part of this century (1902- turn to the Indians for locations and her, she descended, screaming, into
1904) , was concentrated in the area legends. They were not disappointed. the darkness. They heard her "strike
of the McCloud River in northern One story of the Wintuns led to their and strike again—and all was still."
California. Part of the McCloud most important find. A rescue party, composed of Wintun
River is now an arm of Shasta Lake In the Wintun language it was braves, was unable to reach the bot-
where today's fishermen and water- called the "Samwel" cave. The leg- tom with grass ropes.

40 / Desert Magazine / August - September, 1965

The exploration of the Potter foot of the ladder!" was his first ex- Samwd Gave is readied by (maC from
Creek cave, at the mouth of the Me- cited cry. Shasta Lake.
Cloud, was proceeding with good re- For a split second Merriam con-
sults. But the legend of "Samwel" sidered descending the ladder to en-
cave had been repeated so frequently -Si
gage the mountain lion in mortal
that: a small party was dispatched 16 combat. Then from the depths came
miles up the McCloud to see what a comforting shout, "It's a fossil
could be found there. mountain lion embedded in the cave
The first party reported that "con- floor. And here on the floor below
sidering that it was in a wild and the opening is the skeleton of the
wooded section there was surprising- Indian maiden."
ly little difficulty in finding the cave. The story was true. Huddled on
An extensive series of galleries open-
ed on the face of a limestone bluff
about 335 feet above the river. There
the floor were the skeletal remains of
the Wintun maiden—a thin black f 7-
mould her shroud. Examination of
was no difficulty in locating the the structure and contents of the
pool in the third chamber." cavern revealed lime-encrusted walls,
An extensive search of the galleries, a floor studded with sparkling stalag-
passageways and pits neither reveal- mites and at the lower portion of the
ed the second pool in the cave nor cave floor was a layer of soft brown-
the pit into which the Wintun maiden ish clay. But more important, the
was reported to have fallen. When trail to the Wintun maiden led to
three expeditions failed, Mr. E. L. fossil fragments of mammalia en-
Furlong remained at "Samwel" cave crusted with lime. The remains of
to process fossils found there. The the maiden were given to the Wintun
others returned to Potter Creek cave. who gave her a ceremonial burial.
The following day, word came to If the find solved the mystery of •f - ^
Potter Creek that Furlong had found the maiden, it posed a greater mys- L'
a deep pit that had exciting possibili- tery. The fossil specimens gave evi-
ties and requested the party return dence of 52 species of fauna—21 of
with all of the rope available. While them extinct. Among those extinct
awaiting the party, Furlong busied were a short-faced bear, a ground-
himself drilling two holes in the rock sloth common to Brazil, a type of
at the edge of the pit so that the horse and a giant condor. How did
protuding drill shafts could hold the these animals find their way into the
ends of the rope ladder. cavern? It was virtually impossible
for them to enter by the route of
A returning party, headed by Dr. the Wintun maiden and no entrance
John C. Merriam, later president of was discovered through the walls of
the Carnegie Institute of Washing- the cavern until the following year. %
ton, D.C., brought 50 feet of rope Then new excavations revealed a
ladder and all the rope they could passageway and the mystery was
find. They spent the evening and solved.
the morning of the next day fashion-
ing an additional 50 feet of ladder. In May of 1964 Shasta Caverns
Then they transported the latter was opened to the public, and now,
over the precarious route to the edge from mid-May to mid-September,
of the pit and the end of the ladder they may be visited. Shasta Caverns
was firmly tied to the drill shafts. is reached by traveling north from
Bits of lighted paper were dropped Redding, California 15 miles on U.S.
into the pit to test the air. Furlong 99. Turn right at the O'Brien Rec-
drew the longest straw and elected to reation Area marker. A two-mile
go first into the pit. drive through rugged, mountain
splendor leads to a parking area and
"It widens as I go down, from a a short walk to the catamaran dock.
diameter of 10 feet at the top to a Then you sail across the blue waters
great chamber below. And here as of Lake Shasta to the other side of
the ladder begins to hang free of the lake where a specially equipped
the wall is a sharp projecting spine of bus carries passengers to the cave en-
rock that thrusts itself between the trance 800 feet above the level qf the
ropes and makes climbing difficult," lake. An experienced guide leads you
Furlong reported, as he examined the through the caverns, pointing out its
pit in the flickering light of his can- wonders and geological structures.
dle. The temperature is a comfortable
The critical moment arrived. The 58° and passageways pass through 32
party heard the hobnails of Fur- connected rooms.
long's boots scrape on the stone floor
of the pit. Would the legend of the For sheer sparkling beauty, the)
Indian maiden prove fact or fiction? domain of the Wintun's cave-spirits
rivals the beauty of the cathedrals of
"There's a mountain lion at the man. /// v/.

August - September, 1965 / Desert Magazine / 41

Water from Airwells
X HAT DRY old desert you love operated apparently forgotten. In- ing freely within the interstices of the
so much may not be as dry as you stead of growing wheat there today, blocks, feeding a luscious rock gar-
think. In Israeli on the Negev Des- the region is a resort area. den of wild flowers." It is altogether
ert a scientist, Dr. S. Duvdevani, dis- So what is the principle we need possible any desert wanderer can find
covered that every clear night in sum- to know? It is a simple one known an occasional natural air well, at least
mer l/25th of an inch of moisture to most students of physics. An air near the coast.
condensed on his dew gauge. If, as flow loses temperature as it increases Professor Grillo states the air well
happens in many deserts, every night in velocity. This is what happens can be in the shape of a pyramid or
for a year was clear, almost 15 inches when misty breezes are forced through huge domed mound of natural. rock,
of water could be collected annually the small openings in the rock piles, preferably lava because of its high
—if there were a way to collect it. not only getting cooler in the process, specific heat. He thinks the first ex-
What's more, according to science but getting dryer as the water vapor periment should be carried out in a
writers Dorus and Margery Milne, carried partly condenses in the cooler desert spot near the sea, such as in
dew was heaviest in the hot sum- passages. Instead of the condensed Baja California, and that to be most
mer when rain rarely fell. Curi- water evaporating with the first hot effective it should be large enough to
ously, the amount of dew that formed rays of the sun, it drips into a catch- produce a substantial amount of
seemed about the same regardless of ment basin and is saved for human water.
the relative humidity of the air. use. A number of French and Algerian
Just how do we go about capturing In the Milne's new and excellent scientists have built air wells and have
all that nice water? History tells us book, Water and Life, they wrote: produced water, but because of the
those simple, uneducated fellows in "When an honest dew guage is in- small size of the rock pyramids they
our past knew more than we do about vented it might be worth trying. And built their findings were not too con-
seizing the mists of the morning and now that we look at the piles of clusive. Grillo thought the Theodo-
conserving them for domestic and pebbles in the Negev Desert, and sian wells may have each produced
farm use by a process of "squeezing" make the appropriate calculations, as much as 1,000 gallons of water.
the air. we reach the final stage; it's too
simple to be called an invention. But In his lectures and presentation to
Several archeologists have written the United Nations Conference he
of strange little piles of pebbles and the real test is still ahead. On a large
scale, no one has yet constructed a described the proper construction of
rocks, some as small as three feet an air well: "Reinforced concrete is
high, in the Negev Desert where rain- device to improve on the piles of
fall in the history of man has prob- pebbles. We need an installation laid on one acre of land in the form
ably always ranged from 1" to 4" a costing very little more, but capable of an enormous pan. This is then
year. There was no other source of of gathering in all 15 inches of dew filled with a close-packing of standard
water except the mists and a rare from every acre of arid land, and size, triangular, prismatic tiles piled
putting it to work . . ." up in such a way as to constitute an
flash flood. But from those rock extremely strong light-weight struc-
piles were dug the roots of ancient
grapevines and other plants. As one Although the principle of the air ture, based upon the tetrahedral prin-
writer said, "Who heaps stones for well has fallen into dissuse for ob- ciple. This pan acts as a reservoir
the fun of it?" Although there is taining water, it has not actually been for potable and irrigation water con-
some doubt about the purpose of these lost sight of. Paul Jacques Grillo, for- densed through the air well.
rock piles, one theory is they were merly professor of architecture at, "It also serves as a cistern for gath-
used to capture the condensing mois- Notre Dame and Rice Universities, ering water during the desert flash
ture for thirsty plants. has designed just such an air well and rain storms, which are generally con-
states these wells occasionally occur sidered a nuisance in all other solar-
More important than these simple naturally in heaped up rocks and par- still types of installations. Gravity
dew catchers were the really ingenious ticularly where the range in tempera- only is used to carry water into the
"air wells" of Theodosia in Crimea, ture from day to night is great. For irrigation canals, no other auxiliary
which the early Greek geographer instance, he saw one in Puerta Pen- power being necessary."
Strabo called the wheat capital of asco, Sonora, right inside the city
the Roman Empire. Here were built limits, east of the highway and near He even suggests that the land
huge mounds or pyramids of loose a gravel pit. If you want to take a around an air well could be made into
rocks with cisterns beneath out of look at it the next time you visit several farms with boundaries slab-
which ran the sandstone pipes to the Penasco, it is the only hill there, is shaped like the pieces of a pie with
city fountains. Though the climate made up of lava blocks, is about 300 the points touching the well. The
has not changed on the peninsula to feet high and is easily accessible. Gril- lodging could be built under the edge
this day, the air wells have fallen lo wrote: "In the early morning of the pyramid, providing for air-
into ruin, the principle by which they hours, condensation water was flow- conditioning, and in the back could
42 / Desert Magazine / August - September, 1965
be stored food. The water would be
sufficient to supply families and live-
stock and be used for irrigation, too.
If you have acreage on waterless, worthless desert land and
One of the characteristics of des- if you're enough of a believer to take a chance, here's a brilli-
erts that makes air wells possible is
the extremes in day and night tem- ant theory gleaned from an ancient civilization that could turn
peratures. In the Sahara Desert the your waterless, worthless desert land into a productive farm.
temperature has been known to shift
from 130° in the daytime to so cold
at night rocks cracked and sounded
like artillery barrages.
Some areas would be more favor-
able for this enterprise. Coastal areas Drawings by Paul Jaques Grillo
of dry lands with high daily evapor-
ation, such as in Baja California and
the Mexican shores on the east side
of the Gulf of California, would have
ideal conditions. In Puerta Penasco
even the lava blocks would be avail-
able. Better than distilled water,
this condensed bounty would dissolve
the minerals in the stones and be as
healthy as spring water.
Professor Grillo sums up his con-
clusions by saying if such a well
proved to be successful " . . . we
would then have created a permanent
solution to the water problem in
many semi-arid regions of the earth.
This new 'machine' would possess
the most sought-after qualities in any
solar project: maintenance-free op-
eration and eternal life."
So let's garner the dews and mists
before they evaporate with the dawn!

Five slab-shaped farms surround a central air well. Lodgings could be

built under overhangs of stone pyramid, which would provide for air-
conditioning. Left, enlarged diagram shows living quarters, orchard and
garden. Farms stretch out beyond, as in upper illustration. Below is
exterior view of airwell showing entrances to two of the residences.

August - September, 1965 / Desert Magazine / 43

A. LIGHIERI DANTI, in his hell
of hells, united the torments of fire
Diagonaling southeastward across
the Monument, a queue of buttes and
and ice in a fiendish apogee of suffer- cindercones marks the course of the
ing. A pity the Tuscan poet never Great Rift, a tender scar on the much-
saw Idaho's Great Rift! For within operated-on belly of the earth. From
Land of the Craters of the Moon National the roadhead south of Inferno Cone a
Monument volcanic fire has but re- jeep trail leads past Big Cinder Butte,
Fire cently cooled, while the ice is still from whose summit, the highest on
there, though you may have to spe- the Rift, one may look east across 25
and lunk for it. The suffering is gratis miles of lava flows to 7,576-foot Big
to anyone who, like myself, tries to Southern Butte, classic landmark of
Ice hike the 10-mile length of the Rift, the Snake River Plain. According to
from monument headquarters to Two the map the trail, after crossing
Point Butte. Trench Mortar Flat, ends shortly be-
The northern end of the monu- yond, between Crescent Butte and
ment is the civilized part. Here vol- Coyote Butte. In reality it continues
canism is freshest, and here trails on around the west side of Echo Crat-
give access to the science-fiction land- er to terminate abruptly west on the
scape of craters and spatter cones. low northern spur of The Sentinel.
Here, too, are the incredible lava Across that spur t h e easy going
c a v e s , subterranean refrigerators through soft cinders gives way to lava,
whose insulated netherworld stores and the Rift becomes a route for
winter air the year around. Best masochists only. The beginning is
known is Boy Scout Cave. Sonja Hein- pahoehoe. But let not the hiker re-
ie Cave would be a better name, for joicel Aa is on its way.
by James Powell in one of its chambers a frozen lake For there are two kinds of lava,
forms a natural, if cramped, skating one smooth and rope-like, the other
rink. shattered into glass-sharp fragments.
44 / Desert Magazine / August - September, 1965
To the volcanologist these are "pa-
hoehoe" and "aa"; to the hiker they
are difficult and hell. Pahoehoe may
not be for tenderfeet, but it is pos-
sible. Aa is something else again.
Walking over aa is like—walking over
aa. There exists no simile this side
of the Pit. I am not a stranger to
Opulent Oregon
difficult terrain: I have inched my
way to the top of the Matterhorn and
hacked my way through the Quintana
Roo jungles; I have floundered across
by Jordan E. Detzer
the swamps of Surinam and Sonora's
marching sands. But for sheer ungod-
liness I award my Oscar to these lun-
ar slab heaps on the Snake River
taut fishing lines — splashy swims —
flects the deep jewel blue of the
heavens. It is a lake with a back-
Plain. hell - raising river trips — enticing ground of curving rock walls and
package of Oregon. towering fir and hemlock. Facilities
Sheep Trail Butte lies only a little are available for boating, fishing and
Perched atop California, squeezed hiking. The lodge and housekeep-
over a mile from Two Point Butte, under Washington and nudged near
the final objective, and as it contains ing cabins are ample, but when the
the ocean by Idaho, Oregon squats snow melts off the picnic tables in
a water hole it is the traditional with unleashed potential! It's a
campsite for a few who enter this July, there's abundant space for tent-
young state with a vigorous past, ing, sleepers and trailers. After a
remote section of the Monument. I varied climates and tremendous
remember a cold and comfortless few days of hiking and lectures a jour-
future. ney down the Rogue River in the
night at Sheep Trail Butte. To re-
duce the weight of my pack, I had Geographically, Oregon tops a heart of the Kikiyou Mountains is a
left behind my air mattress. O false wobbly crescent-shaped desert which natural desire. We mosied down the
economy! Intent on lightness I had extends from Mexico through New Rogue River to Union Creek Camp-
not thought of aa. But alone in the Mexico, Arizona, Nevada and Utah ground and found the climate per-
deepening night I thought of noth- to Oregon. These western deserts fect for outdoor living.
ing else. At no time were my medi- show an interesting terminal pattern
up north. The coastal and northern The Rogue River is challenging
tations interrupted by sleep. and riding its rapids and falls in a
regions of Oregon are jungles of big
trees, flowing rivers and lush vege- rubber raft is as exciting as it is
Nowadays, when I wish to curse an
enemy, 1 do not call for brimstone tation while the desert, which cov- dangerous. We took a number of
or pestilence; I merely mutter: "May ers 35% of the state, stretches across trips in our rubber raft and found
there be aa in your bed!" lower central and western areas. each segment of the river a different
adventure. After cascading madly
The final mile is the most difficult Never having camped in Oregon, over riffles and falls, we portaged
of all. Even after my night's respite, we wrote for information and receiv- when the going got too tough and
I passed two hours of unrelenting aa ed voluminous folders and booklets. fallen pines and violent troughs of
and unrelenting profanity before I After digesting the material we camp- rock made a swirling saucer of our
stood on the summit of Two Point ed at Union Creek Campground near
yellow raft.
Butte a n d tried to catch enough Crater Lake. After returning home,
I wrote to Governor Mark Hatfield When we pulled our drenched
breath to gasp at the desolation be- bodies from the river before the
fore me. Southeast and west a charred to thank him for the grand vacation
and he replied by sending material Mammouth Sugar Pine Camp Falls,
infinity of aa stretched to the hori- a lady camper asked, "Just how do
zon. For the Craters of the Moon for this story and his best wishes to
readers of DESERT. you know where the cataracts are?"
are but one small corner of the I replied, "We listen carefully, paddle
12,000,000-acre lava plain of the Oregon's history is rich and vigor- like fury and usually make out all
Snake River, which is in turn only a ous from Indian and ancient explor- right." To shoot one of these rapids,
part of the vaster volcanic region of ers to modern campers. In the 20th especially if a fallen tree is jammed
the Columbia Plateau. Century Oregon has developed into across the funnel, is disastrous. We
a great agricultural and industrial chatted with fishermen and hikers
Here is the ultimate challenge of state, leading the nation in lumber
the Great Rift: to cross what lies be- along the route and visited a few
production. For geography, tempera- lumber towns between rapids.
yond. In 1921 R. W. Limbert scram- ture and resources, Oregon outdoes
bled for days among the aa on the them all. At Grants Pass you can take pro-
first expedition into this then-unex- fessional excursion trips offering 25
plored region. Few have followed There is a 400-mile scenic coastline
incomparable with beauty in cut cliffs miles of adventure from Grants Pass
him, yet I see no reason why one to Galice through famous Hellgate
could not. Water supply would be a and rock mounds off-shore. The
valley regions are fertile, rugged and Canyon. Trips take from one to four
problem, but problems are made for days, depending on your time, sche-
solving. We may speak of "iron men," abound in desert flora, fauna, arti-
facts and fossils. dule and finances. This river is a
but these iron men of history were challenging experience and, for us,
flesh and blood, as are men today. A good place for desert lovers to provided a veritable clothesline of
Their nerve endings could feel pain begin a vacation is at majestic Cra- wet memories.
and their minds know fear. If Lim- ter Lake in the south central region.
bert could do it, why not the modern This beautiful natural park is loca- Oregon is a desert state grown
hiker? ted on top of Mt. Mazama, a moun- green with marvels and, like graceful
tain that "blew its top" years ago. fingers, its towering trees are beckon-
Soon, I hope to return and see. / / / Water collected in the crater and re- ing to you. ///

August - September, 1965 / Desert Magazine / 45

Why are mountains and deserts
full of deserted mines instead of
booming mining camps? This
writer tells you why, but only
Uncle Scan can tell you for
how long.


by Helen Young
Above is all that remains of a stamp mill in Chariot Canyon
( j E O R G E VALENTINE K i n g
sank down on a big rock to eat his to find it, and often died in the minute with a beat that shook the
lunch—cold flapjacks, the story goes, search. We still know that the desert earth like stampeding horses.
because he was at the end of his grub- means gold, but today there are rea- Ore, blasted from the ground and
stake. In disgust, he kicked the rock. sons for idle mines, empty stacks, and hauled to the mill, was dumped into
A chunk broke off. He glanced at it rusted stamp mills. a rock crusher and broken into pieces
idly, then let out a whoop. He no larger than hen's eggs, then fed
knew what gold looked like, and this The picture of a grizzled prospec-
tor kneeling by a mountain stream to the stamps. Small streams of
was gold. water ran into the stamp boxes and
to wash his gold never applied to des-
Today, if you take the rough dirt ert mines. Theirs were "dry diggin's" mixed the crushed ore to a sludge,
road which turns off California State where the gold had to be blasted out then splashed it against a screen. The
Highway 78 in San Diego County, as of the rock and worked with a pick. sandy water passed through the
it twists down the grade from Julian A typical hardrock mine started with screen and down a 10 to 20-foot sluice
to the Anza-Borrego desert, you can a main shaft about four by six feet, covered with copper and spread with
see where George Valentine King's from which gold-bearing rock was a thin coating of mercury. The mer-
discovery started a gold rush in 1869. loaded into a bucket and hoisted to cury picked up the gold from the
George's first words are not on the surface. It was not until the '90s sludge and held it, while the residule
record, but they could have been, that the invention of an air-drill of mud and sand washed away to
"Howlin' snakes! Whoever thought made horizontal tunneling possible. the dump of tailings.
I'd be the guy to find the Golden All through the desert mountains The mixture of gold and mercury
Chariot mine!" For that is what of California you can see reminders scraped from the copper - covered
they named the mine which was de- of the kind of life George Valentine sluice was then heated in a retort, as
veloped from George's prospect in King lived—deserted cabins, yawning mercury fumes are highly poison-
what is now called Chariot Canyon. mine shafts, abandoned stamp mills. ous. This re-condensed the mercury
By 1870 the mine was producing At the peak of the 1870 gold rush so it could be used again. The gold
such quantities of gold that 20-mule there was a stamp mill in Chariot which remained was mixed with
teams were borrowed from Death Canyon for every mine, some with cream of tartar, borax, and saltpeter,
Valley to haul the ore to San Diego. only two batteries, some with five, then heated until it became liquid.
George was only one of the pros- 10 or more. The stamp mills broke Then it was poured into greased iron
up the ore with stamps', each weigh- molds to harden into ingots.
pectors who came to California, sure
that the desert meant gold. For over ing 800-900 pounds, and each stamp Stamp mills were usually housed
100 years men had known it, lived making from 100 to 200 strokes a in wooden buildings, sometimes back-
46 / Desert Magazine / August - September, 1965
ed into the side of a bare mountain, A prospector's desert shack. ness operation without blasting out
with a narrow-gauge track for run- another ton of ore.
ning the ore cars to the road in Why isn't this happening?
Why isn't every dump of tailings
George's mine was a rich one, but being re-worked?
when the shaft led into sulphide and
arsenical ores, the digging ended. Why are mountains and deserts
These compounds are not held by full of deserted mines, instead of
mercury, so most of the gold was lost booming new mining towns?
in the sluice and ended in the dump. Because in 1934 the United States
There was then no way known to went off the gold standard and the
recover it, so the heaps of tailings, price was pegged at $35 an ounce.
worth millions of dollars, were With mining and refining costs still
abandoned as refuse. rising, along with the cost of labor,
By the end of 1880, when the area materials, and transportation, it is
was almost worked out, a big new no longer profitable to operate a
boom burst in Arizona. Miners pack- gold mine.
ed up and moved their machinery Uncle Sam is the old gentleman
from the Golden Chariot to Tomb- who sits back and looks mysterious
stone. If old George Valentine King when someone whispers—as someone
was still alive, he probably left first. often does—"Hang onto your mines.
Prospectors are that way. The price of gold's going up to $50,
But the tailings are still there- $60, $80."
there, and in thousands of other sible to recover 90% or more of the Miners, proverbially looking for
mine dumps in California mountains gold in those once-worthless sulphides. the big strike on the other side of
and deserts. The story of gold has Now mills can handle lower grade the mountain, dream of another '49
added new chapters through the ores than mine operators bothered when the price of gold finally does
years, but the end is not yet in sight. with in the old days. It has been esti- rise, and they can see all the deserts
Today, with new type dredges, power mated that at least five million dol- and mountains of the West again
shovels, compressed air drills, and lar's worth of gold lies waiting in swarming with prospectors ready to
especially with the discovery of the Chariot Canyon—waiting for recovery.
flotation and cyanide processes of What of all the dumps of all the gamble their lives on a strike —
gold recovery, the story could go on West! The reclamation of tailings a strike which came true for men
to a thrilling climax. Now it is pos- could be carried on as a solid busi- as lucky as George Valentine King.

Where i Are They... ?

Where are those men of yesteryear . . . . those
adventurous men with a conquering spirit
. . . . those men whose lust for riches gnawed
at their very souls? They rode off into history
to find their fate or their pot of gold, but
where are they now? How can we trace their
ghostly path How can we find them, in the
midst of all their treasures? How do we follow
their trails blazed only by their rusting sword
and armor, and their sun-bleached bones?

RELCO Can Help You

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share the adventures, the rel-
ics, and most of all, the treas-
ures which these men left
behind . . . . and you can find
them with a Relco transistor
New models detect Locate placer deposit*,
buried gold, nuggets. Trace veins,
silver, weapons, explore beaches,
historical relics, abandoned houses.
coins Kits, assembled models

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Gentlemen: Please rush your free brochure to . . .
August - September, 1965 / Desert Magazine / 47
Nine Bridges Has Toiyabe
JL O1YABE CITY looked interest- we could see were its jagged walls of of activity in 1868. A tri-weekly stage
ing on a tattered 1881 map of Neva- volcanic slate and granite. Wood- left here for Austin, 55 miles away,
da. The settlement was the location choppers, cutting fuel for the Mur- reaching the city in nine hours.
of the Murphy Mine, once considered phy Mine, once dragged pinon pines
the best developed and most impor- Alter a picnic lunch in the yard of
to the brink of these precipices and an abandoned cabin, we moved on to
tant silver mine in central Nevada. sent them crashing down into the the high buttressed walls of the large
In 1886 there was quite a communi- valley.
ty there clustered around a huge and mill building. Once its gaunt walls
much admired 20-stamp mill, costing The steep road wound on and on echoed with the din of a 20-stamp
over $183,000. up the canyon, criss-crossing Ophir mill and its rooms, now open to the
Creek on nine short, wooden bridges, sky, were kept warm w i t h heat
It was early August when we drove each more splintered and rotted than from huge boilers and eight roasting
up Smoky Valley and saw the barren the last. This was the original wagon furnaces. But that was back in 1866.
crests of the Toiyabes rising in the road to the settlement, constructed Today only heaps of broken brick
west. Finally, about 100 miles from in 1865 at a cost of over $5,000. The and rusted iron lay scattered about
Tonopah, we came to a sign reading 10° grades described by one writer the floors of the splendidly equipped
Ophir and Wisconsin canyons. We in 1870 nearly discouraged us from mill. The Twin River Mining Com-
followed the road until it became continuing. It seemed impossible that pany spent $183,000 constructing this
too rough for our passenger car, when a sizable village could exist in such reduction plant. When running at
we left it near an old cemetery. a narrow canyon, but the walls grad- full capacity, it processed 16 tons of
We had only hiked a few minutes ually became less sheer and the val- ore, yielding an average of f i l l in
when canyon walls closed in on the ley floor grew broader. Soon the apex silver per ton.
rocky road, forcing it from one side of a brick smelter stack rose above a A rock strewn cut led a short dis-
of the canyon to the other. No won- rocky spur and we knew our steep tance up the canyon from the mill.
der a visitor to Ophir Canyon nearly three-mile hike was almost at an end. This was the route of ore cars to the
100 years ago wrote, "On entering After a short distance we came to hoist house and shaft. Below the car-
the canyon from Smoky Valley, one the crumbling walls of several cabins. way, part of the collapsed incline
feels almost forbidden to advance, This was the site of one of the small- shaft is still visible. This once
so towering and precipitous are the er mines in Ophir Canyon. plunged into the earth 240 feet to
rocks . . ." It is true! Walls of the Continuing on, we came to an four working levels. Rich silver ore
narrow canyon tower nearly 100 feet. impressive row of crumbling stone was taken from these workings, the
From many points on the trail, all buildings. A pair of two-story struc- best worth |300 per ton, but the ore
tures side by side were probably was in very hard rock. It required
stores. Tiny miners' cabins, most of 30 drills to bore a two-foot hole for
them roofless, stood all around us blasting and two men were employed
now. On the hillside, the 60-foot stack constantly to sharpen tools for the
dominated the scene. This was Toi- 40 to 45 miners.
yabe City, the business center, hav- A grove of trees has grown up in
ing a population of 300 at the height back of the shaft, where 90 years ago
For 4-wheel drive vehicles only

by Raymond Hillman
there was nothing but a pile of cord- financial aid was not given because blance of the old days grew up once
wood. We refreshed ourselves with stockholders had not received a divi- again in the canyon.
ice cold water running out of a pipe dend in two years. It is regrettable
and rested in the shade before hik- that the stockholders did not realize From our hillside vantage point,
ing up a side road to a large ruin that a great initial outlay had to be we could see that this company, too,
above the mill. From here the view made to develop the mine and mill, had left Ophir Canyon to its stillness.
and that no profits could be realized There are no signs of recent activity.
until this work was done. Without In back of us rose stone walls that
funds, the Twin River Mining Com- had seen many a mining company
pany went bankrupt in the fall of come and go. It was probably the
1868. center of activity during the original
The property was sold in the sum- operations and subsequent rebirths
mer of 1869 to the Cambridge Min- of activity. A fire has reduced this
ing Company. This was the first of fine building to a shell, but its red
a long series of owners who did little brick chimney still stands—a monu-
toward redeveloping t the property. ment to emptiness.
In 1876 the Nevada State Mineralo- As the waning sun ducked in and
gist considered the area still a good out of rolling clouds we started down
potential, but belived the mine had the steep grade that led us over Toiy-
seen its best days. No further activi- abe's nine old bridges. Some ghost
ty is reported on Ophir Canyon un- towns seem to promise a rebirth, but,
til the Nevada Ophir Mining Com- somehow, Toiyabe City doesn't leave
pany acquired the property in 1917. an impression that it will ever live
The mill was reactivated and a sem- again. ///

Toiyabe City is strictly for 4-wheel

vehicles or hikers.

encompassed all that remained of

Toiyabe City.
Its end came in the summer of
1868, after the mill had produced
$750,000 in bullion. The reason was Here's a real rock-climbing, stream-fording vehicle with plenty of power.
not that the Murphy Mine was Features a powerful 145 h.p. waterproof engine that can bull its way through
worked out, but rather, it was not the roughest country or cruise at a respectable 75 mph. For added power, a
managed economically. The mine dependable transfer case gives two or four wheel drive in any haul
could not keep up with the ore de- payload or playload through mud, sand or snow.
mands of the mill. As a result, the Available in soft top or hardtop models. The detachable Hardtop is all
steel with sliding glass windows,
mill was not running at full capacity. "dutch style" rear doors are com- V
Many months only 10 or 15 of the pletely lockable. mail this coupon for dealer name
20 stamps were at work. To correct Nissan Motor Corp. in U.S.A. Dapt. DM-8
137 E. Alondra Blvd., Gardena, Calif,
this, plans were made to exploit the see it at your dealer and
send information on Datsun Patrol
mine further. However, stockholders take a test today...
failed to meet demands for necessary
funds. Some reports say this was due
DATS UN Address _ _ _ _ _
to misunderstandings; others believed PATROL City. -State- _Zip_
4-wheel dr.

August - September, 1965 / Desert Magazine / 49

Idaho'sSilentCity bygary.femier

DAHO'S SILENT City provides a
link to the frontier West.
Springs, Idaho directly to the Sil-
ent City in!849. He hadn't count-
CUSTOM MADE Scattered among towering granite ed on the extremely rugged terrain
AUTO SUN SHADES pillars, from which the area takes its
name, is one of the greatest pioneer
though, and actually saved few, if
any, miles in his attempt to cut 100
"Take the sizzle out of the sun."
Block sun's rays yet allow excellent registers of dates and names ever miles off the trail to California.
visibility. found. Written in wagon grease, The Pony Express ran a third
Improves air conditioning efficiency. often while under siege, these names route through to the Silent City in
Keeps car up to 15° cooler. and dates stand out in relief against
Ideal for campers, travelers, and ordinary the early 1800s, and paved the way
driving. their weathered backgrounds. for establishment of the Ben Holla-
Easily installed with enclosed instructions. Here, approximately 38 miles south day stage coach station in 1869. This
Custom made for sedans, hardtops, and of Burley, raged some of the fiercest trail entered Idaho from Utah over
wagons 1955-1965.
Free catalog and prices. Give make and Indian battles on record when Chief Kelton Pass, followed the California
model of 2 or 4 door wagon, sedan, or Pocatello with his warring Bannocks Trail a short distance, and then went
hardtop. raided the Silent City. In the summer through "the narrows" in the City
SIDLES MFG. CO of 1861, five people escaped on the of Rocks to connect with the Oregon
Box 3537D Temple, Texas fourth night their wagon train was Trail at Rock Creek.
under siege. Crawling on their hands In 1878 an overland stage bound for
and knees for several miles, one wo- Boise, Idaho from Kelton, Utah, was
man carried her baby by clenching waylaid in the Silent City. Two ban-
UTAH its clothes between her teeth. Some- dits robbed the stage of $90,000 in
THE FABULOUS LAND how they made it safely to the Mor- gold, and started a lost treasure leg-
mon settlement of Brigham City, end three quarters of a century old.
FOR HUNTING Utah, over 100 miles away, from where One of the bandits was shot and
FISHING a rescue party was dispatched to help killed during the holdup, but the
AND RETIREMENT the others. other escaped into the towering pil-
IS JUST BEING DISCOVERED. When the rescue party arrived at lars and cliffs. He was caught several
the scene of the siege, they found days later by a posse, but the gold
PROPERTIES OF ALL KINDS over 300 dead and mutilated bodies had vanished.
ARE AVAILABLE within the blackened ring of ashes According to legend, just before
FROM 2V 2 ACRES TO 10,000 that had once been their protection. he died in prison he confessed that
AND THE PRICES ARE LOW The bodies were buried in a well that he had buried the gold under a
had been dug in a desperate attempt group of five cedars in the Silent
WRITE FOR COMPLETE LISTINGS to get water. City of Rocks. Several people began
NO OBLIGATION Once three main trails met nearby, an immediate search to recover the
apd the Silent City was the hub of hidden loot, but they never found it.
D. W. CORRY east-west travel. The- old Fort Hall A few groups of five cedars have
been located by local people, but, as
route followed the Oregon Trail from
REAL ESTATE CO. the north along the Snake River, and far as is known, the treasure remains
Box 903, Cedar City, Utah crossed over to the City of Rocks hidden. Perhaps an ambitious ex-
through the Raft River country, plorer will yet discover the right
fames Hudspeth blazed his famous group of trees and unlock the secret
" Hudspeth Cut-off" from Soda of the lost $90,000 gold cache. / / /

The Curious Colt" STATIONERY

We proudly offer our new line of western station-
ery from out of the West, our new home in
Cheyenne, Wyo. Your own personal-size stationery,
7y 2 " X 101/4". Four beautiful illustrations of
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sheets, 50 envelopes, 10 blanks, white rippletone
bond paper, all beautifully boxed! Matched set
of 4 full-color prints of "The Curious Colt",
ideal for framing, incl. We ship with gift card
to person of your choice. Immediate delivery.
Satisfaction guaranteed or money back. Only
$3.00 per box postage paid. Wyoming residents
add sales tax.

The lazy 81 Ranch


50 / Desert Magazine / August - September, 1965

NOW... Start Enjoying "THE BEST o f TWO WORLDS"


in ever increasing numbers. Westward to Nevada, where the air is fresh and clear, taxes are low or non-
existent and opportunity is open to all. Yes, Nevada is booming and real estate investors are prospering.
It is a proven fact that many purchasers of Nevada acreage have realized fabulous profits from small
investments. Now, a NEW Nevada Real Estate Opportunity exists for you. This Ground Floor Opportunity is
MEADOW VALLEY RANCHOS, located only 1 Vz miles from the thriving city of EIko, Nevada.
GOLF: A mere one mile from MEA-
• View Golf Course. No rush for start-
...THE WORLD OF THE WEST Located in prosperous EIko County, the ranchos •» * • • ' ing times on this city owned and
have the backdrop of the majestic Ruby Mountains. The sparkling Humboldt J ^ I maintained golf course, but golfing
River is a short Vi mile away. Every Rancho fronts on a graded road that ii as it should be enjoyed. Play a leis-
leads into coast to coast U.S.*Highway 40. Amidst these spectacular sur- /3I ' urely 9-18 or 36 holes surrounded
roundings MEADOW VALLEY RANCHO owners can relax and enjoy the won- by breathtaking scenery, minutes
derful life of the Golden West. > from your rancho.
...THE WORLD OF CITY CONVENIENCES: The bustling city of EIko with its YOUR OWN LAKE... You, and your in-
modern schools, shops, theaters, hospital and airport is only IV2 miles vited guests will spend many happy
away. New homes, with FHA financing committments issued, are now hours boating, fishing and picnicking
under construction... less than 1 mile from the property. The Experi- at nearby Lake Osino. There is no
enced, Successful Developers of MEADOW VALLEY RANCHOS are not offer- charge to Rancho owners for full
ing remote land where purchasers have to hope for progress and rights to the use of this private multi-
expansion. They offer you the opportunity of a life time, a chance to acre lake and park area.
participate in Nevada's continuing b o o m . . . Minutes from the conveni-
ences of hospitable EIko, in the midst of current growth and progress, PROVEN OPPORTUNITY: Yes, individuals are taking advantage of Nevada
MEADOW VALLEY RANCHOS has all the necessary ingredients to skyrocket opportunity. But the country's leading corporations are also investing
in value! in their Nevada futures. Industrial giants, who erect plants where in-
creasing land values and population demand them, are building or
FISHING: In jewel like lakes, have secured acreage throughout Nevada.
and mountain fed bottom
LOW OR NON-EXISTENT TAXES: As a result of Nevada's low realistic tax
streams you'll catch trophy
structure, Profits And Wages Are Kept; not paid out to the state. NEVADA
size German Browns, Rainbow
and Brook Trout . . . large
real property tax is definitely limited by the state constitution. YES, NEVADA
mouth fighting Bass. RANCHO
owners can catch their dinner
within easy driving distance TOTAL COSTS: The full price of the title to your IVi acre Rancho is only
of the property lines. SS95.00.,Complete payment schedule is $1.00 down and SI 0.00 per month.
No interest, no carrying charges. Live, Vacation or Retire on your land, or
HUNTIN6: Hunters from all corners of the globe come to EIko County to simply hold for investment security. Wise men like Andrew Carnegie said,
hunt the big game species Mule Deer . . . Quail, Chukar, and Partridge are "More money has been made in Real Estate than in all industrial investments
found in abundance. combined." Make MEADOW VALLEY RANCHOS' PROSPEROUS FUTURE —YOUR


3234 Stockman Bldg., EIko, Nevada MAIL COUPON TODAY

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$10 a month, no Interest, no carrying charges. Send purchase contract and map showing exact location of my holding.
You w i l l return my deposit If I request same within 30 days. Have Indicated below number of Ranchos desired.

2Vi $1 $10 Addratt-
5 $2 $15
7V4 $3 $20 Clty: State:.
OOOO Stockman Bld 9 . EIko, N . v . d .
Indicate No. of Ranchos Total enclosed I
w, HENEVER WE hear about
California's giant San Jacinto Moun-
tains, memories of pleasant experi-
ences come into focus. One is of fish- by Marie Valore
ing on the turquoise waters of Lake
Hemet; another is of hiking along
pine-edged trails or pitching a tent
on the lake's grassy banks. Now that
summer is in full fury, the mountain's
far away, but when the weekend rolls
around we will pack the stationwag-
on and leave our jaundiced valley.
Ahead, in the pine - scented upper
regions, lies our own particular hav-
en, Lake Hemet. We can almost
smell trout frying over an open fire
and old-fashioned boiled coffee as
we ascend the Palms to Pines High-
way that rises above Palm Desert's
In about a half hour we reach the
cool waters of Lake Hemet. Velvety
grass creeps from the pines to the
water's edge and sunbleached boul-
ders perch l i k e watching sentries
along the banks. Crystal springs rip-
ple toward the lake, the aftermath of than 90 feet deep, filling on the aver- Horn from England, then hauled up
late spring snows. age of three inches each day. This the steep mountain slopes by wagon.
Lake Hemet lies quietly in an ob- year is the highest since 1961. Both the State of California and
long bowl away from the cares and In the southwestern area is Lake the Lake Hemet Water Company
woes of modern suburbia. Cattle Hemet Dam, built in 1895. Rock maintain public picnic and camping
graze nearby and bushy-tailed squir- used to construct it was quarried facilities. The Lake Hemet Water
rels scamper a m o n g the trees in from adjacent ravines and the ce- Company Park has trailer and tent
search of pine nuts. The lake is more ment was carried by boat around the spaces for 200 and the manager, John
Somerville, claims to have never
turned anyone away.
Uncover the secrets of the The park, open from March to late
October, enjoys a reputation for fun
West's romantic history... and relaxation. It lies approximately
gem-minerals and cultural 40 miles from sun - shrouded Palm
Springs in Riverside County and 90
artifacts of past ages lie miles from smog-filled Los Angeles.
hidden in these legendary After unpacking our equipment
areas of lost mines and and setting up camp, we rented a
boat for a small fee and drifted lazi-
buried treasure... ly over the lake, fishing tackle and
worms tucked between us. Sometimes
Follow the old trails of the Spaniards, Padres, Indians and Prospectors with we caught glimpses of rainbow trout
near the surface, their marble - like
GOLDAK METAL/MINERAL LOCATORS eyes as curious as our own. There are
small-mouthed bass and catfish as
well and last season a boy caught a
model 520-B German Brown 14 inches long! The
The "CHAMPION" State keeps the lake well stocked.
The lightest and most sensitive • With plenty of trout in our iced
metal/mineral locator of its cool-can, we rented horses and rode
type ever developed, the
"Champion" instantly detects
buried metal objects, gold, silver
to high regions overlooking green
and minerals to a depth of meadows and glistening pine tips.
eight feet!
Fully transistorized, yet of simple, The promise of a rewarding day
easy-to-operate design, the
"Champion" is equipped with a
had come true. We fried our trout
tunable detection head for maximum over an open fire and then lay back
sensitivity over mineralized ground,
as well as a special, curved, folding to wait for the moon to rise. Tomor-
aluminum handle for lighter weight,
ease of storage and balanced,
row we will again fish on the lake,
one-hand operation. $127.50 hike the back trails, and rent horses
Write or phone today
for more hours of enjoyment. But
for FREE Literature! tomorrow is another day. Now we
find peace listening to a comforting
THE GOLDAK COMPANY, INC. concert of sounds peculiar to nights
Dept. DD-3, 1544 Glenoaks Blvd., Glendale, Calif. • CH 5-6571 underneath star-speckled skies. ///

52 / Desert Magazine / August - September, 1965


Actual view oi New Kingman Addition Unit #6

Some of Mobile Homes on Unit #5, adjoining Unit # 6




10 DOWN,


PERSONAL Write ELMER L. BUTLER, Box 486. Kingman, Arizona TRACT OFFICE

Park your Trailer Build your Home Hold for Investment

Happiness is a box with POWER to spare
Corvair engines fit a l l VW's,
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send 50f< for descriptive liter-
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Mere power to yea, with a "VolksVair" conversion!

lECAPFURE the f u n of Qdventure

in the Red Rock Country . . . beauty
and serenity in Indian Country.
excitement of geolo-
gy i n textbook country
. . . the paradox of river running in
desert country.
Tours of the Big Country
See Gene's Geology & Archeology
articles in DESERT, Magazine,
April '63 and May '65
Gene and Mary Foushee
P. S. Everything for the traveler by shirley chatwin
MONUMENT VALLEY ^J TAH HAS yielded a good share ancient animal from which it derived
RAINBOW NATURAL BRIDGE of unusual rocks, but collectors are lived at the bottom of water and was
NAVAJO MOUNTAIN MULEY POINT now pillaging its escarpment for a possibly a huge shrimp. A fairly rare
new one—red horn coral. This agat- stone, it polishes to a high gloss and
FLY IT — JEEP IT — BOAT IT tized stone from the replacement of is being used for jewelry and display
ALL 3 WAYS IN 3 DAYS ON THIS animal tissue is found in the Kamas pieces. Its color ranges from a coral
COMFORTABLE COMBINED TOUR District of Wasatch National For- red to reddish grey.
CHOICE OF STARTING DATES est, in what is known as Riley's Can- You can drive to the location, but
AND PLACES yon. About Vi-mile off Utah High-
Write for Brochure pickups or 4-wheel drive vehicles are
way 35, Riley's Canyon is between recommended. The road is steep and
Glen Canyon Boating Camp KilKare and Woodland, about
WHITE CANYON, UTAH in rainy weather, slick. Hikers can
48 miles east of Salt Lake City. The leave their cars on the highway and
canyon runs in a northerly direction walk Vi-mile into the area. Some
Kent Frost's to an elevation of about 6,800 feet. stones are found on the surface,
Discovered in 1961 as a result of the others underneath; a variability that
Canyonland Tours filing of three mining claims in the suggests the corals lived from shal-
See the superb wilderness scenery in area, law officers of the U.S. Forest low near-shore waters down to great
the nation's newest Service recently classified horn coral depths.
CANYONLANDS as a precious stone. This part of the forest is mostly
The coral is found in the type of brush, but nearby Provo river pro-
For additional information write: soil designated by the Forest Service vides camp sites as well as good fish-
KENT OR FERN FROST as limestone scarp lands. The stone ing. Within five miles are heavily
295 Blue Mt. Drive varies in size and resembles the horn timbered forests with additional
Monticello, Utah of a small cow. The area where it is camp and picnic sites with facilities.
Phone 587-2787 found seems to run in a belt. The ///
Vacation in the beautiful scenic wonders, This Month's Best Buy
in the cool pines, of Oak Creek Canyon. Parts and Accessories Catalog
Year 'round trout fishing at your door. Most complete publication ever printed, this
Photographers' /iSIfei '/z Pound Rough Opal 34-page, illustrated, 8x11, slick paper cats.
Par-adiil V2 Pound Rough Emeralds log is packed with detailed facts and prices
'/2 Pound ...., Rough Sapphires
Don Hod's Cabins Together $20.00 Free Seamail
on every part, accessory and safety device
manufactured. To really make your* 4 wheeler
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24 completely furnished housekeeping cabins. Send personal cheque, international money one dollar for catalog to
Write DON HOEL, Owner order, bank draft. Free 16 page list of all
Australian Gemstones. BRIAN CHUCHUA'S
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294 Little Collins Street 1625 S. Harbor Blvd.
20 miles south of Flagstaff, on 89A. MELBOURNE, C.I. AUSTRALIA Fullerton 7, California

54 / Desert Magazine / August - September, 1965

A monthly feature by
the author of
Ghost Town Album,
Ghost Town Trails, and
Ghost Town Shadows.

Hornitos, California


fascinating roster of California's
Mother Lode town, is unique in that
the town was there long before the
gold rush started. This had a violent
impact upon it. Although its origin
is clouded in doubt, its Mexican her-
itage is evident in the central plaza
plan and adobe buildings built in
Spanish style. Prior to the discovery
of gold in the flume at Sutter's Mill,
the town dozed quietly.
Then came hordes of miners, Hot
to Hornitos at first, but to found
neighboring camps — M a r i p o s a ,
Mount Bullion, Bear Valley and clos-
er still, Quartzburg. None of the ear-
ly gold camps was a model of pro-
priety, but Quartzburg took first
place for lawlessness. But even a min-
ing town had to preserve some sort
of law. So when Quartzburg's unde-
sirables were forcibly ejected, they
simply moved over to adjoining Hor-
nitos. The old plaza now became a
scene of alternating fiesta and mur-
der. Rangers ambushed and slew a Joa- La Patricia, then only 16 years old
quin Murietta, the officer wanted but already a singer in Quartzburg's
Then, after a few years, came an- the reward offered. To prove he had bordellos, was one of those ejected
other change. The shallow placer de- the right bandit, so the story goes, he from that town. Settling in Hornitos,
posits at Quartzburg gave out. Min- cut off Joaquin's head and placed it she saw the town expand to a me-
ers prospecting neighboring creek- in a pickle jar. Then he canvassed tropolis of 34 saloons and many foul
beds found gold at Hornitos even his command, obtaining from every oriental opium dens.
richer. So again they ejected the har- man a flask of whiskey which was The most interesting feature con-
lots, Chinese opium den operators poured into the jar. Now he headed tributing to Hornitos' uniqueness is
and gamblers. At last children played for Hornitos with the grisly memen- found in the old cemetery. Because
safely in the streets and ended was to. There he summoned the popu- the ground was too hard to dig a
Hornitos' reputation as the "Bloodi- lace to the central plaza, reached in- proper grave, m o u r n e r s merely
est Town in the Mother Lode." to the pickle-jar, grasped the head scraped away enough surface dirt
However, numerous outlaws, horse- by the long black hair and held it to form a shallow depression for the
thieves and shady ladies left their aloft. "Is this the head of Joaquin board coffin, stacked flat stones to
mark. Prominent among them were Murietta?" he asked. Several erst- a height sufficient to top the coffin
Joaquin Murietta, Cherokee Bill and while cronies of the bandit agreed by a foot or so, and topped the whole
the singing star of the dancehalls, La that it was. Presumably, Love then thing with a slab roof. Because the
Patricia. Not too well authenticated collected his reward! resulting structures so closely resem-
is Joaquin's story. Certain it is that Presumably, also, Cherokee Bill bled small versions of a popular out-
he was a Mexican sufficiently out- met his end in this same plaza, as the door bakeoven called "homo," citi-
raged at w h i t e men's atrocities following notice appeared in the zens added the diminutive "itos" and
against his countrymen to take up Hornitos Times office: PUBLIC both graves and town aquired the
a career of banditry and murder in NOTICE—All citizens of Hornitos name "Hornitos." A group of these
reprisal. Confusing is the fact that are respecfully invited to attend the novel above-ground graves exists in
there were several Muriettas roaming hanging of Cherokee Bill, horse thief. original condition in the Catholic
the Mother Lode, mostly small time Meeting at Rattlesnake Ikes Saloon. Cemetery behind the church. These
robbers. When Captain Love and his Miners Court. May 12, 1851. are shown in part in our photo. ///

August - September, 1965 / Desert Magazine / 55

A monthly series featuring the
age-old uses of desert plants by
primitive people everywhere.

by Satn Hkks

17 ROM THE sparsely settled moun- Musaro may be purchased in any Baja California market.
tain regions to the east, Indian wo-
men herb vendors arrive daily in the to the United States in search of re- dition and he is still enjoying a
city of Navajoa, Sonora, Mexico. In lief. He was examined by specialists happy, healthful life.
the market place they spread out in three major American cities and Throughout the State of Sonora,
their displays of curative plants and was summarily told his case was hope- on both ranches and in villages, Mu-
edible herbs gathered from the can- less. saro plants are raised in vegetable
yons of the Rio Mayo and await their Dr. Mandonado returned to Mex- and flower gardens for medicinal use
regular customers. Other women bal- ico, first to the doctors of Guadala- in homes. Gathered from the desert
ance heavily laden baskets of organic jara, then on to Mexico City. In the cactus sells in Navajoa and Ciu-
medicines on their heads and pro- every clinic or hospital in which he dad Obregon at the rate of four or
ceed through the streets, selling door was examined he received the same five stalks, each from one to two
to door. Among the strange variety report. His condition, he was told, feet, for $1.
of medicinal leaves, barks and roots had progressed to the point of being
which fill the women's baskets, thick incurable. In Tijuana, where America's high
stalks of green cactus are more abun- cost of living is reflected across the
dant than any other type of plant. Back home in Navajoa, he was told border, Musaro presently sells for
This cactus is called Musaro and a by the Mayo curanderas that they 50c a slice. It may be purchased in
highly concentrated tea cooked from could cure him with Musaro. He de- some fruit and vegetable stores on
the sliced stalks is a well-known cure cided to give it a try. First Street and also at a herb ven-
for ulcerated stomachs. These dark, dor's stand in El Mercado Municipal,
Curative Musaro tea is made by
auburn-haired, blue-eyed Mayo wo- slicing 15 or 20 cross-sections about the principal market in downtown
men first introduced Musaro to the two inches in length from the stalks Tijuana.
Mexican people as a curative plant. of cactus. These are then placed in Musaro is bright green and grows
a container large enough to hold five somewhat like Pitahaya. Its stalks
Dr. Xavier Mandonado of Nava- of water, then it is boiled for may have either three, five or six
joa is now retired after a long and ac- gallons until the liquid is re- ridges and be identified by the
tive career as a surgeon and general duced tohours,
8 or 10
approximately one gallon. evenly spaced, star-shaped clusters of
practitioner. He is in good health,
is 66 years old and presently leases spines which grow only on the crests
For a period of four months Dr. of the ridges. It is found along most
his clinic to a group of young medi- Mandonado drank no other liquid.
cal doctors in Navajoa. In 1958 Dr. He was never out of reach of a con- of the Baja California peninsula. / / /
Mandonado had a severe case of tainer of Musaro tea and he forced
stomach ulcers and after a great deal himself to drink it in quantity. The
of medication and suffering he came treatment completely cured his con- BALDNESS:
By Katherine Pugh

Read "STORIES THE FEET CAN TELL" A Nutritional Approach to Loss of

FOR BETTER HEALTH I E A R N T O LOCATE THE REFLEXES IS Hair. Read about the effects of
Nutrition on others growing their
110 pages, illustrated, showing a method of relief for many common ailments own Hair.
by applying compression massage on the nerve reflexes in the feet. $4.00 PP. No C.O.D. Insur. Extra
Price, $2.50 — Cloth Binding, $3.50 — German translation, $3 paparbound
IT If not at your favorite store send to:
1524 Brook Rd. - D
107 pages, illustrated, $3.95 - Cloth Binding, $4.50 - Illustrated Chart, $1. Richmond, Virginia 23220
SET—COMPLETE WITH CHART—$6.45 Send NOW for FREE Circular giving details
EUNICE D. INGHAM Post Office Box 948 ROCHESTER, N. Y. 14603

5(1 / Desert Magazine / August - September, 1965

Letter from Man who Found Pegleg's Gold New transistor models
detect buried gold, J
T 1Q95
silver, coins, ancient m *i% I dKITS
A highlight of DESERT's March issue was an article by an anonymous firearms. For land U JfS UNDERWATER
author who claimed to have found the legendary lost Pegleg mine, re- or underwater MM , a j f MODELS
moved the black oxidation from the nuggets and disposed of them in exploration. Explore am a H B AVAILABLE
beaches, ghost Tg M
Alaska for over $300,000. Mr. Pegleg, as we refer to him, volunteered to towns, walls of m fflj
1 Write
lor Iree
answer letters published on DESERT's Letters From Our Readers page. abandoned I tm catalog

Five of the nuggets are on display at our new DESERT Magazine Building in shacks. Works M
Palm, Desert. Below is his answer to letters that appeared in the June issue. through
mud, water, m
m m Dept. D-18
concrete, m f \ BOX 10563
wood. JStk 1 \ %.! HOUSTON 18,
Dear Choral Pepper: I made it very clear in my story why I
Some of the questions from readers in didn't file a claim or engage in mining op-
the June issue were answered, even before erations and the way Mr. Stephens has
they were printed, by my letter in the
July issue. Robert Buck's comment about
the number of buyers was partly answered
phrased his question, it is a bit tricky. If
I answered it fully then I would eliminate
certain areas and pinpoint others so I will
then. I suppose the nit-picking could go on
forever even if I wrote a nugget by nugget
account of the sale disposition of each of
just ask him to read the original story
again. Frankly, I don't know how many
other facts I can substantiate my story with
them, but to be completely truthful I did have unless it would be to have a public gather-
trouble finding enough buyers with ready ing, announce the exact location, lead who-
cash 1o buy all the nuggets I had for sale. ever would want to go there and dig for
I was determined not to sell or display any nuggets on the spot—after removing some
overburden. Anyone who will read my let-
quantity over about 15 ounces at one time
so as not to focus too much attention on ter in the July issue will know why I won't FINDER
do this.
myself and this was why—as mentioned in
my July letter—on several occasions I had Now then, regarding Ed Kirkland's letter.
nuggets smelted down and refined in Cana- He is right in that undoubtedly a lot of
da, then later sold the bullion when 1 dis- people will be looking for the gold and all "LITERATURE
covered it would be illegal to possess bul- of them won't be amateurs. I presumed this
lion in the United States. even before I sent the story in to DESERT.
Although I was an amateur myself when I Low as / "The Bonanza
Continuing on to Choral Pepper and Jor- first discovered the Pegleg nuggets, I didn't
dan Stephens' letters, the most expert legal remain one. I meant it when I said I found $18.50 ml Metal Detector
counsel and interpretation of the federal every nugget on the surface and under- Kits"
gold regulations boils down to this: Native ground within range of the most sensitive
placer gold may be owned, possessed, detector. Ten years was a lot of time to get America's biggest
bought and sold, made into jewelry, etc. and lowest priced
educated and learn a lot about gold, detec- line of fully guaranteed
without violating any part of the regula- tors and a lot of other things. I also made Detector Kits. Will react
tions. If it were illegal to have placer gold, it plain a couple of times that while I to all kinds of metal ob-
then nobody would ever hunt for it, other- jects including gold, copper,
thought there were more nuggets under- silver, lead, guns, cannon
wise the minute a miner or prospector lift- ground at my location and possibly at oth- balls, etc.
ed a flake of gold out of his gold pan he er surface outcroppings—maybe far away,
would be in violation of the law. On the Free literature, budget terms,
I was satisfied with the gold I found and trade - in accepted.
other hand—and this is the odd twist to wasn't greedy for more. Maybe there are
the law—should a placer miner or anyone some who just won't believe it, but the pos- BONANZA ELECTRONICS
else for that matter, melt his gold dust or P. O. Box 246, Dept. DM
sibility of $30 million more in gold as men- Sweet Home, Oregon
nuggets in a crucible or a mould, then at tioned by Mr. Kirkland that I may have
that moment he has created bullion and is passed up doesn't bother me in the slight-
in violation of the law. Gold taken from a est. I'm going to say this one final time:
mine that is recovered by milling or by
other processes, and the end product of
which is gold bullion, can only be sold to
I got my share of the Pegleg gold and I'm
satisfied! Metal Detectors
the government. Records must be kept, I appreciate Mr. Gardner's kind words
forms filled out, and even jewelers, artists, and, in fact, am quite flattered by them. Dealer For
dentists and others who use refined gold But while he may have made the right guess Detectron. Fisher, Goldak,
must have certain licenses and fill out gov- in a thousand mysteries, this time he guessed
ernment forms. wrong. I'd never written a story in my life Rayscope, GeoFinder. Metrotech
Jordan Stephens is right when he says until I wrote about finding the Pegleg gold. Repair Service
that most native or "free" gold found in Then I simply picked up a copy of a writ- Write for FREE 32 - Page Booklet
nature is usually a higher concentration er's magazine that told how to lay out a on Detectors, Books and Maps.
manuscript—and followed the directions.
than the assay of the Pegleg nuggets. I
pointed out in my original story that most This time I'm sending a nugget from a BILL'S SERVICE CENTER
batch that I tumbled. Besides using a num- 15502 South Paramount Boulevard
of the known California gold was around Paramount California
80% gold and about 20% alloy, usually ber of cleaning agents and solutions, I also
silver. However, there are deposits of free mentioned tumbling some of them, which
gold known that go all the way down to removed the black oxidation from the sur- Direct From Australia
a few percent of gold. Actually, they aren't face, but left it down in the cavities. This
considered gold, but some other metal with
a small percentage of gold as an alloy. For
process gave the nuggets their most natural
appearance. I didn't mention it before, but
example, some silver mines have contained probably 80% or more of the nuggets I This Month's Best Buy
silver nuggets with, say, 10% gold alloyed sold looked like this one, i.e. a slight red-
with the silver etc. The Pegleg nuggets just dish color instead of the lighter "chemically SPECIAL OFFER
Opal Offcuts medium and small size.
happened to be a bit lower concentration cleaned" appearance of the first one I sent Very colourful pieces. Suitable Cutting
of gold than some of the other high-grade in. There must be a lot of Pegleg nuggets Small Stones, Doublets Inlay Work, Novelty
deposits from central and northern Califor- around that I sold that look just like this Items, etc.
1 Whole Pound $12.00 5 pounds $50.00
nia. Also in regards to Mr. Stephens com- one, undoubtedly bought in Alaska and Free Seomall
ment about gold dealers, at no time did I Canada by tourists or in the form of jew- Send personal cheque, international money
ever consider myself a "dealer" in gold. I elry and brought back home. order, bank draft. Free 16 page list of all
was simply an individual who found gold Australian Gemstones.
nuggets and sold them, just as prospectors Yours very sincerely,
and miners have done for the last 150 The Man Who Found Pegleg's 294 Little Collins Street
years. Black Gold. MELBOURNE, C.I. AUSTRALIA

August - September, 1965 / Desert Magazine / 57

Food Editor JU
2 envelopes unflavored gelatin vertently left out of the Rice Loaf 1 lb. fresh shrimp
Soak in V2 cup cold water for 5 min- recipe which appeared on this page Cook, shell and vein
utes. Stir into 1 cup boiling water in the July issue. It is an especially Season with salt
and dissolve. Add 1 tablespoon good recipe so, if you save them, Arrange V2 shrimp on bottom of 1
lemon juice. Oil a 5-cup mold lightly. be sure to make the correction. L.I. quart mold. Soften 1 tablespoon
Pour in 1/3 of the gelatin and re- gelatin in V2 cup cold water for 5
frigerate. Keep remaining gelatin at minutes. Add Vt cup lemon juice
room temperature. When first layer 2 tablespoons sugar
GRAPEFRUIT SHRIMP MOUSSE 1lA teaspoons salt, pepper
is almost firm arrange V2 cup seed-
less grapes over top and place back 2/3 cup finely chopped celery Vi teaspoon Worcestershire sauce
in refrigerator. To the remaining 2 tablespoons finely chopped To this add 1 cup boiling water, stir
gelatin add: green pepper until gelatin is dissolved. Chill until
1 tablespoon lemon juice 2 tablespoons finely chopped thickened. Pour VA of gelatin over
1 cup sour cream onion shrimp in mold. Chill until firm. Ar-
1 cup seedless grapes 2 cups water, divided range 1 cup cooked peas over first
% cup diced celery 2 envelopes unflavored gelatin layer. Cover with Vi of gelatin. Chill
2 tablespoons sweet pickle relish 6 tablespoons frozen grapefruit until firm. Add a layer of finely chop-
2 tablespoons mayonnaise juice concentrate, thawed, un- ped carrots and 1 tablespoon chop-
1V2 teaspoons salt diluted ped onion. Cover with lA of gelatin.
Drain 2 cans (7% oz. each) salmon 1 teaspoon salt Chill until firm. Add remaining
and break into small pieces. Fold % cup mayonnaise shrimp and gelatin.
salmon into gelatin mixture care- 2 cups deveined medium-size GINGER PEAR SALAD
fully. Pour into mold and refriger- shrimp, cut in halves 1 package lemon Jello
ate. Garnish with grapes and devil- 1 cup heavy cream or 1 cup IMO 1 cup boiling water
led eggs. In small saucepan combine celery, 1 cup pear juice
pepper, onion and 1 cup water. Let 8 pear halves
BLACK CHERRY SALAD simmer for about 5 minutes. Remove 1 tablespoon chopped candied
1 can pitted black cherries from heat, and drain liquid into ginger
1 cup cherry juice bowl. Chill vegetables. Sprinkle gel- 1 3-oz. package cream cheese
1 cup Port wine atin over remaining cup of water in 1 tablespoon honey
1 package black cherry Jello saucepan. Place over low heat, stir- 1 tablespoon^mayonnaise
Drain cherries, reserving juice. If ring until gelatin is dissolved. Re- 1 tablespoon chopped or slivered
necessary, add water to juice to move from heat. Pour into bowl with almonds
make 1 cup. Bring to boil and add vegetable liquid, stir in grapefruit Dissolve gelatin in boiling water,
Jello, stirring until dissolved. Cool concentrate and salt. Cool slightly add pear juice. Mix cheese, ginger,
and add wine. Chill until thickened and beat in mayonnaise with rotary almonds, honey and mayonnaise
and add cherries. Arrange 1 cup beater. If you use IMO, beat in with and form into small balls. Place a
pecan halves in bottom of mold. Fill mayonnaise. Chill until mixture is cheese ball in cavity of each pear
with Jello and chill. l Fold 1/3 cup consistency of egg white. Mix in half. Place pears, rounded side
whipped cream into A cup mayon- chilled vegetables and shrimp. If down, in square pan. Pour a little
naise for dressing. you are using cream, whip it stiff of the gelatin over and place in re-
and fold in. Decorate inside of mold frigerator to harden. When the rest
GRAPEFRUIT AND SHRIMP with whole shrimp and if you wish, of the gelatin becomes syrupy, pour
SALAD some sliced stuffed olives. Pour gela- ever pears. Cut in squares and serve
1 package Royal Pink Grapefruit tin into mold and chill until firm. and top with mayonnaise.
Gelatin You may garnish plcrte with whole
1 can frozen grapefruit sections grapefruit sections. Serve on lettuce BEET AND ORANGE SALAD
1 can shrimp, medium Serves about 10. 1 package lime-lemon Jello
Dissolve gelatin in 1 cup boiling 1 cup boiling water
water. Add juice from canned grape- Dissolve Jello in boiling water
fruit to make 1 cup, adding as much BLUE CHEESE DRESSING Add 1/3 cup salad dressing or may-
cold water as necessary. When 4 ounces blue cheese onnaise and beat until creamy. Add
mixture begins to set, add grape- 1 carton sour cream Vz cup cold water. When mixture
fruit cut into pieces and whole 1 tablespoon lemon juice gets syrupy, add 1 teaspoon shaved
shrimp. This makes a pretty delicate Mash cheese until smooth. Blend onion. 1 cup diced beets and 1 cup
pink salad ring with bowl of may- well with sour cream and add lemon diced oranges. Serve with a dollop
onnaise set in center. juice. Makes 2 cups of dressing. of mayonnaise on top.
58 / Desert Magazine / August - September, 1965
Mail your copy and first-insertion remit-
tance to: Trading Post, Desert Magazine,
Palm Desert, California 92260
Classified rates are 25c per word, $5
CLASSIFIEDS minimum per insertion.

DESERT MAGAZINES for sale: first copy includ- RIVERSIDE, CALIFORNIA. We have everything
• AUTO-TRUCK-CAMPER ed. 1937-1938-1939 complete, bound. Some for the rock hound, pebble pups, interesting
JEEPS LOW as $53.90. Used. Buy one or more on 1940, 1941, 1942, all in perfect condition. gifts for those who are not rock hounds.
bid from U. S. Gov't. Bidders information and Make offer. Dr. Edna J. (Nelson) Blaine, 875 Minerals, slabs, rough materials, lapidary sup-
our over 400 item (order by mail) Surplus Fiske Street, Pacific Palisades, Calif. plies, mountings, equipment, black lights. Why
Catalog, $1.00 (deductible on $10.00 order). not stop and browse? Shamrock Rock Shop,
READ "BURIED Treasure and Lost Mines" by 593 West La Cadena Drive, Riverside, Calif.
Quality Surplus, Box 22038(DD), Indianapolis,
Frank Fish, 93 bonafide locations, photos and OVerland 6-3956.
illustrations. Research done by Fish, treasure
CHOICE MINERAL specimens, gems, cutting ma-
hunter who made it pay. Large 19x24" color-
• BOOKS -MAGAZINES ed map, pinpointing book locations. Book
terial, machinery, lapidary and jeweler's sup-
plies, mountings, fluorescent lamps, books.
OUT-OF:-print books at lowest pricesl You name $1.50, map $1.50. Special: both $2.50 post-
Sumner's, 21108 Devonshire, Chatsworth, Cal.
it—we find it! Western Americana, desert and paid. Publisher: Erie Schaefer, 14728 Peyton
Indian books a specialty. Send us your wants. Drive, Chino, California. SUPERIOR AGATES, Vi to 3/4 inches, $1 Ib. >/2 to
No obligation. International Bookfinders, Box 13A in. banded, $2.50 Ib. Tumble polished
3003-D, Beverly Hills, California. • DESERT STATIONERY $3.50 Ib. Send postage. Frank Engstrom, Grey
Eagle, Minnesota.
LEARN ABOUT gems from Handbook of Gems
and Gemology. Written especially for ama- DESERT WILDLIFE, Flowers, Scenics living-color
teur, cutter, collector. Tells how to identify notes. 59 varieties $5.90. Dozen assorted $1.50. • INDIAN GOODS
gem;. $3 plus tax. Gemac Corporation, Box Illustrated brochure. Artist Henry Mockel, Box AUTHENTIC INDIAN jewelry, Navajo rugs, Chi-
808J, Mentone, California. 726, Twentynine Palms, California. mayo blankets, squaw boots. Collector's items.
Closed Tuesdays. Pow-Wow Indian Trading
"SUN-"COLORED GLASS, It's Lure and Lore," 50
pages, illustrated, $2.75 postpaid. Mary J.
• DUDE-GUEST RANCHES Post, 19967 Ventura Blvd., East Woodland
Hills, Calif. Open Sundays.
Zimmerman, Dept. D., Box 2641, Amarillo, DESERT HILLS Guest Ranch, Lucerne Valley, Cali-
Texas. fornia. Housekeeping cottages, single units SELLING 20,000 Indian relics. 100 nice ancient
with bath, meals available, beautiful view, arrowheads $25. Indian skull $25. List free.
GHOST TOWN Guide: Complete guide to over
heated pool, quiet, ideal for honeymooners, Lear's, Glenwood, Arkansas.
100 ghost towns in California, only $1.95. W.
Abbott, 1513 West Romneya Drive, Anaheim, writers, artists, etc. Write for brochure. Joe FINE RESERVATION-MADE Navajo, Zuni, Hop!
California. and Janice Horst, owners, P.O. Box 444, jewelry. Old pawn. Many fine old baskets,
Lucerne Valley, California. CH 8-7444. moderately priced, in excellent condition
BOOK HUNTING is our business, service is our
C-BAR-H GUEST Ranch — Rest or Play — a real Navajo rugs, Yei blankets, Chimayo blankets,
product. No charge for search. Satisfaction
western holiday. American plan includes three pottery. A collector's paradise! Open daily
guaranteed. D-J Book Search Service, P. O.
delicious meals each day, horseback riding, 10 to 5:30, closed Mondays. Buffalo Trading
Box 3352-D, San Bernardino, Calif. 92404.
comfortable cottages, swimming pool, ranch Post, Highway 18, Apple Valley, California.
"1200 BOTTLES PRICED"-well illustrated, com-
lodge activities, hay rides, sports galore. P. O.
plete description, covers entire field, 164
Box 373D, Lucerne Valley, Calif. Area code •~JEWELRY~ ~
pages, by J. C. Tibbitts, first president of
714, CH 8-7666. PRECIOUS JADE . . . Heart shaped Burmese
Antique Bottle Collectors Association and edi-
jadeite pendant on sterling silver chain. Cut
tor of the "Pontil," $4.25 post paid. The
• EQUIPMENT-SUPPLIES in the Orient. Excellent quality. $17.95 ppd.
Little Glass Shack, 3161-B 56th St., Sacramento
Satisfaction guaranteed. Farwell, Dept. DM,
Calif. 95820. QUALITY CAMPING and mountaineering equip- Box 175, Torrance, Calif. 90501.
WANTED: ARIZONA Highways magazines 1925 ment. Down sleeping bags, lightweight tents,
to 1933. Write giving prices to W. Elmer, P.O. boots. Free catalog. Highland Outfitters, P.O. • MAPS
Box 875, Scottsdale, Arizona. Box 121, Riverside, Calif. SECTIONIZED COUNTY maps — San Bernardino
GHOST TOWN Bpttle Price Guide, 1965 revised DESERT WEAR—warm or cool. Boots, casuals, $3; Riverside $1; Imperial, small $1, large $2;
edition, enlarged to 72 pages, $2.25 postpaid. hats, deerskins. Rockhounds' Paradise—In- San Diego $1.25; Inyo $2.50; Kern $1.25;
Wes Bressie, Route 1, Box 582, Eagle Point, format ion Center. "Biq Horn," 4034 Paradise other California counties $1.25 each. Nevada
Oregon 97524. Road at Flamingo, Las Vegas, Nevada. counties $1 each Include 4 percent sales tax.
"GEMS & Minerals Magazine," largest rock hobby Topographic maps of all mapped western
110 VAC 60 cycle from car generator. Power,
monthly. Field trips, " h o w " articles, pictures, areas. Wesfwide Maps Co., 114 West Third
lights, refrigerator, transmitter, receiver, etc.
ads. $4 year. Sample 25c. Box 687J, Mentone, Street, Los Angeles 13, California.
Simple, easy to convert. Plans: $2. Tedco,
California. Box 12098B, Houston, Texas 77017. TOPOGRAPHIC MAPS, western states. Stamp ap-
TREASURE^ SOUVENIRS Ghost Town Guides. preciated for each state index. Also Nautical
ENJOY LIGHTWEIGHT camping. Free catalog of Charts. Silva compasses, $2.50 to $14.95, Free
Large folded map, complete booklet glossary
tents, packs, sleeping bags. Gerry, Dept. 90, brochure. Jacobsen Suppliers, 9322 California
with hundreds of locations. Nevada $1.50.
Boulder, Colorado. Ave., South Gate, California.
Arizona $1.50. Postpaid. Theron Fox, 1296-C
Yose-nite Ave., San Jose, California. BACKPACKERS: ATTENTION! Free information.
LOST MINES and Buried Treasures of California, Famous Kelty Pack also backpackers checklist. • MEXICAN AUTO INSURANCE
1964 edition; 160 locations, $2.50. R. A. Write Kelty Dept. 02 - 1807 Victory Blvd., GET INSURANCE in Mexico's largest casualty
Pierce, P. O. Box 3034, Berkeley 5, California. Glendale, Calif. 91201. company through Sanborn's—by mail or at
affiliated service offices in El Centro, Yuma,
DESERT MAGAZINES for sale: Years 1954, 1955,
1956, 1957, 1958, 1959, 1960, 1961. $10 each • FOR WOMEN Nogales, El Paso. Write for daily insurance
year. Fern Pattani, 739 13th Street, Elko, Nev- rates—and ask for free Mexico Travel-Aid
LADY GODIVA "The World's Finest Beautifier."
ada. packet, very helpful in planning your Mexico
Complete beauty treatment in one jar. Write:
motor trip. Sanborn's, McAllen, Texas 78502.
"BACKWARD THROUGH A Bottle"-Ghost towns, Lola Barnes, 963 North Oakland, Pasadena,
California 91104.
homesteads, bottles, relics of Arizona Terri-
tory. Sketches, Photos, history, dating. $2.00.
Kay Devner. 8945 E. Twentieth, Tucson, Ari- • GEMS ASSAYS. COMPLETE, accurate, guaranteed. High-
zona. est quality spectrogrephic. Only $5.00 per
POCKET GOLD, $2. Placer gold, $2. Gold dust, sample. Reed Engineering, 620-R So. Ingle-
"CHARM, HISTORY and Heritage," 78 pictures $1. Attractively displayed. Postpaid. Money- wood Ave., Inglewood, California.
historical buildings, related objects, history. back guarantee. Lester Lea, Box 1125D, Mt.
$2.85 postpaid. Adele Reed, 272 Shepard Shasta, California. •"OLD COINS, STAMPS"
Lane, Bishop, Calif. 93514.
APACHE TEARS or snakeskin agates (rough), V* DOLLARS—1878 CC Mint $3.50, very good. 1878-
"OLD BOTTLES and Ghost Towns," 400 bottles pound 35c postpaid. Two free lists, Gem Rough 79-80-81-82 S Mint, 1883-84-85-99-1900-01-
sketched, ghost town trips, research. $2.15 or Mineral Specimens. Quality guaranteed. The 04 O Mint uncirculated $3 each. 100 page
postpaid. Adele Reed, 272 Shepard Lane, Vellor Co., P. O. Box 2344(D), St. Louis, Mo. catalog, Coins, 50c. Schultz, Salt Lake City,
Bishop, Calif. 93514. 63114. Utah 84110.

August - September, 1965 / Desert Magazins / 59

BRILLIANT UNCIRCULATED dollars: 1878, 79, 80, FIND LOST or hidden treasures with new tran-
yew Bom
81, 82 - S Mints; 1880, 81, 82, 83, 84, 85, sistor metal detector, underwater metal de-
99, 1900, 0 1 , 04 - O Mints; 1879, 80, 82, 83, tectors, scintillation counters, etc. Free litera-
(Continued from Page 5)
84, 85, 86, 87, 88 - P Mints. Singles $3. Any ture. Gardiner Electronics, Dept 51, 4729 well-illustrated, 275-page, hardcover
15 - $40. C aind S, 2445 East 2900 South, North 7th Ave., Phoenix, Arizona. volume. Gina Allen, who has had
Salt Lake City, Utah.
FINEST TRANSISTOR metal locators, $34.95 to other articles and books published,
$275. Find coins, souvenirs, treasure. Informa- grew up in Lead, South Dakota and
• PHOTO SUPPLIES tive folder, "Metal Locating Kinks," 25c. began learning about gold along with
IGWTD, Williamsburg, New Mexico.
CUSTOM FILM finishing by mail since 1932. with her ABC's. I strongly recommend
Morgan Camera Shop "The complete photo- EXCITING ADVENTURE locating hidden loot, this book for both adults and students
graphic store," 6262 Sunset Blvd., Hollywood-
California 90028.
treasure, relics, etc., with powerful electronic who will find it a fascinating history
M-Scope locator. Lightweight. Guaranteed.
Very easy terms. Send for free booklet, in-
of the world. You will be enriched a
• PLANTS, SEEDS teresting customer reports. Fisher Research, hundred times the cost of $5.95. J.P.
Dept. JY, Palo Alto, Calif.
HI-DESERT'S AFRICAN Violets. Hi-Desert's bed-
POWERFUL METROTECH locators detect gold, sil-
ding plants. Hi-Desert's Smoketrees and other
ver, coins, relics. Moneyback guarantee. Terms,
natives. Hi - Desert's unusual ornamentals.
Rancho Environmental Nursery, 71554 Samar- free information. Underground Explorations, AND MINERALS OF MEXICO
kand Drive, Twentynine Palms, Calif. 92277. Dept. 3A, Box 793, Menlo Park, California. By Paul Willard Johnson
FUN AND profit finding buried treasure, relics
with transistor M-Scope. Known worldwide
The information in this paperback
for supersensitivify, dependability. Guaranteed. book is so good that if you aren't al-
FOR INFORMATION on desert acreage and par- Very easy terms. Send for free literature, ready a gem collector, you'll want to
cels for sale in or near Twentynine Palms, fascinating user experiences. Fisher Research, become one. A trip is always more
please write to or visit: Silas S. Stanley, Realtor, Dept. JZ, Palo Alto, Calif.
73644 Twentynine Palms Highway, Twenty-
adventurous with an objective to be
nine Palms, California.
TREASURE-FONE AUTOMATIC—a new principle gained—particularly if the objective
in electronic metal detection. Patent pending.
$129.50. Write: Highlander Co., Dept. 25,
is broad in aspect. Gem collecting is
400,000,000 ACRES government land in 25
states. Some low as $1 acre. 1965 report. 10308 Brenda Way, Rancho Cordova, California a fascinating hobby in itself, but
Details, send $1 to National Land, 422-DM, DISCOVER BURIED loot, gold, silver, coins, battle-
when combined with an automobile
Washington Building, Washington, D.C. field and ghost town relics, with most power- trip to Mexico, it's almost irresistible.
ARIZONA, LARGE level lot. Water, power, oiled
ful, sensitive transistorized metal detectors The author tantalizes you with the
available. Two Year Warranty. Free literature.
streets, $495 complete, $10 down, $10 month,
Goldak, Dept. DM, 1544 W. Glenoaks, Glen-
fact that deposits of real jade have
no interest. Free pictures, map. Write: Box
dale, California 91201. never been discovered in Mexico, even
486, Kingman, Arizona 86401.
NEW TRANSISTOR instrument detects buried
though the Aztecs prized it above
SPECTACULAR SCENERY where desert and coins, firearms, treasures, gold, silver. $19.95, all other stones and artifacts fash-
mountains meet. "Indian Springs" near Lone up. Free catalog. Relco A-18, Box 10563, ioned of it now rest in museums. So
Pine, at foot of Mt. Whitney. Small ranchos
with paved roads, electricity. For weekend
Houston 18, Texas. where did it come from? No one
home, horsebreeding, retirement, investment. knows, but Cortes received jade trib-
Great outdoor fun: fishing, hunting, riding,
• MISCELLANEOUS utes from the states of Oaxaca, Guer-
exploring. Brochure, R. F. Oyler, Dept. H, "MAKING MONEY By Mail," new manual, $2 rero, Pueblo and Vera Cruz, so there
124 Main Street, Lone Pine, Calif. postpaid. Alan Chappell, Box 696-D, Morgan
Hill, California.
might be the place to start looking.
TEN ACRES beautiful hi-desert Lanfair Valley,
APPALOOSA HORSES.Hwede7 of N.w7~G7isnd Baja California, incidentally, is not
5000 foot elevation, big Joshua trees. $1500 included in this book. Maps and pho-
Champion '63 and '64, 2 H.M.'s Hey Robe
total price, $15 down, $15 month. 754 Orchid
Drive, San Bernardino, California.
Grand Champion '64 Oregon State Fair, 2 tographs are excellent and its 97
H.M.'s Titokan. H. H. Mumaw, Abbott Road, pages include an English - Spanish
FOR SALE: Trading post, rock shop, residence, Garden Springs, Spokane, Washington.
excellent town center location in growing 24-192 IMPRINTED pens 25c
glossary. $2.00.
community, spacious grounds. Large gemrock each. "Transparent" barrels. Tubin Negative
and merchandise inventory included. Excellent Ion Generators $85. Cordless Shavers $9.95.
hunting, fishing, mineral and gemrock area. Imitation gold nuggets $3 ounce. Immersion THE HISTORIC VALLEY
Near Kingman, Arizona, l V i hours to Las gold-plating formula $3. Sample pen, un- OF TEMECULA
Vegas, Nevada. Appraised value over $16,000. breakable comb 25c. Don Bush, 639 Rosemont By Horace Parker
Sacrifice account illness. Total price $9500. Avenue, Pasadena, California
Insured title. The Trading Post, P.O. Box 205,
FOUR-WHEEL drive desert expeditions turn back For nearly 40 years the author has
Chloride, Arizona. collected material on the historic val-
history, 1 to 4 day trips to: Ghosttowns,
ROGUE RIVER Valley, Oregon ranch sites near abandoned mining camps, Indian petroglyphs, ley of Temecula, most of which has
Grants Pass and Medford, 5 to 40 acres low as Western Dude Ranch complete resort facili- never been published. To prevent
ties, camping, fishing, panoramic views un-
$150 down and $35 monthly. Free catalog.
equaled. Special trips upon request. Advance this wealth of material from falling
Cal-Ore Ranches, 1054-DX South Riverside,
Medford, Oregon. reservations only. Paiute Patrole, 3032 Lawn- into oblivion, Dr. Parker is introduc-
dale St., Las Vegas, Nevada 89101. Phone ing it in a series of "little books"
YOUR OWN hideaway, exhilarating dry desert- 737-2199. he calls "libritos." This is the first
mountain air, comfortable 4000 ft elevation. GHOST TOWN items: Sun-colored glass, amethyst of the series and concerns the early
Marvelously quiet. Wide view of mountains
and valley. Oaks and chaparral. 5 acres $2000,
to royal purple; ghost railroads materials, Indians of Temecula. Their origin,
tickets; limited odd items from camps of ihe
or 40 acres of renowned ranch a' $300 per '60s. Write your interest—Box 64-D, Smith.
taboos, foods, baskets, pottery, cere-
acre, terms. Only 1V2 hours from San Diego Nevada. monies, and implements are all re-
on S 3 — new highway to Borrego Spring. vealingly discussed.
Ranchita. Luyken, Woods Realty, Borrego
Springs, California. Those readers familiar with Dr.
Be sure to mention Parker's fine Anza/Borrego Gtiide
QUIET, SECLUDED property in beautiful Ala-
bama Hills, Calif., an all-year recreation land. Book will look forward to his cover-
Home, guest house, lovely patio-pool area, age of another fascinating area. Well-
orchard, by mountain stream. View unsur- illustrated with drawings by Leverne
passed. Mild, dry climate. Ideal for writer or
artist. W. B. Zimmerly, 6245 Mayfield Avenue, when you patronize our advertisers. Parker, this 34-page paperback sells
La Crescents, Calif. Phone: 249-5276. for $1.00.

60 / Desert Magazine / August - September, 1965

Letters requesting answers must include stamped self-addressed envelope.

How to Lose a Mine . . . No Tigers in My Tree New York Mts. ore West . . .
To the Editor: The craziest things can hap- To the Editor: I read the poem in Jack Pep- To the Editor: I enjoyed Royce Rollins
pen to a prospector. I should have known per's July column which he said was written article about Searchlight, Nevada, in the
better than to do what I did, but several by DESERT'S editor. All I've got to say is June issue. I lived there for many years.
months ago I lost a rich strike. It was Feb- that I don't see how such a nutty dame can The last big strike was at the Old Blossom
ruary 22nd, to be exact, and I didn't have edit such a great magazine! mine in 1937. Gaines and Kirkley found
much to do at our desert mining office, ED MARSHALL the ore there when they were in their late
so I decided to take a 25-mile run over Santa Ana, California 70s. It's sad to think that they, Bert Calkin,
to one of my pumice claims and see if the the assayer, Ollie Thompson, the mill man
markers were in place. As is customary at the Cyrus Noble where the Quartette ore
with prospectors, I picked up a few speci- Take A Safari was milled, and James Cashman (later a
mens en route and threw them in the truck Las Vegas automobile dealer) who brought
Then, on my way back—since it was only To the overworked Editor: If you're seeing the telephone line to Eldorado Canyon and
1:00 and I had until 5:00—I decided to go tigers in your trees in Palm Desert, what did so much to develop Searchlight in its
up high in the mountains where I'd never you need is a vacation! early days before Las Vegas even was a
known any vehicles to go. Back in 1890 ELLEN LAWRENCE town, are now all dead.
some pure silver and also copper and gold Dallas, Texas But please don't let Mr. Rollins place
were found in that rugged area, but I'd the New York Mts. east of Searchlight. I
never been there myself. So I bounced the Success is a Tiger prospected in them from 1905 to 1908 and
truck up and over more sharp rocks than I'd say they're as directly west of Search-
I thought existed, stopping every now and To the Editor and Publisher: light as can be.
then to take some samples. Along about That's no TIGER in the tree JAMES FREEMAN
3:00 I realized I was a long way from It's just SUCCESS looking at thee Long Beach, California.
camp, so I figured out a short cut so I Through DESERT, folks,
wouldn't have to back track and maybe Through DESERT.
miss a "big strike." It won't jump, never fear
It will grow greater year after year Expert Opinion on Pegleg's Gold
At 5:00 I rolled the truck into camp, Through DESERT, folks,
carried out the samples, and drove my Through DESERT. To our Readers: The following letter was
"town car" to San Bernardino where I written at the request of DESERT Maga-
was scheduled to go to a Washington Congratulations on the move to your zine. In our files we came across an article
Birthday party. I took the samples along own new building and may the "Tiger" written in a 1956 copy of the California
so I'd have something to keep me from of "Success" be with you always. Mining Journal. This article protested a
getting bored until I returned to camp MARY CRITOR move at that time to acquire the western
the following week. La Crescenta, California half of San Diego County and part of Im-
perial County for a half-million acre state
Well, on the 23rd I went out to unload park (AnzalBorrego) because the writer
my samples. By golly, I had one with shiny More Six-toed Men . . . believed the area both rich in valuable min-
metal in it. I took a power glass and ex- eral deposits and capable, due to a shallow
amined it closely. Good gosh, it was shot To the Editor: In reference to the article in
the June issue regarding pictographs and water level, of producing early, disease-free
full of yellow stuff in fine gray quartz fruits and vegetables. He lamented the agri-
with lots of fractures. I tried to remember petroglyphs depicting six-toed footprints, I
know of others. Besides one in the Valley cultural and mining opportunities that would
where I'd picked it up, but couldn't even be denied by prohibiting the development
come close. Anyway, I proceeded to the of Fire, there's a six-toed figure in Red
Rock Canyon west of Las Vegas. Also, of such an enormous amount of potentially
assayer and asked, "What would you pay productive land. Since then, of course, the
for a mountain of this?" there's a painted red six-toed figure at the
Erskine Creek site on Kern River just be- area has been acquired by the California
Cliff, the assayer, pulled out his 60 low Lake Isabella. In addition to the poly- Department of Parks and Beaches, so his
power and looked it over. "Nope," he dactylism as described in the article, there protests were in vain. However, this mining
says, "this isn't pure gold, but," he con- are also figures throughout central New engineer's brilliance and knowledge of the
tinued, "it's about 70% and 30% silver. Mexico, Utah, Ariaona, and California de- AnzalBorrego desert area so impressed us
Where in the devil did you locate it? How picting four-toed characters, also three-fing- that we obtained his address, sent him the
much have you got?" ered hand prints. A number of hand prints I March, May and July issues of DESERT
have seen indicate at least one or two containing letters from "The Man Who
"Well," I says, "that's all I have and joints of one or more fingers have been Found Pegleg's Black Gold" and asked his
1 don't know where it came from, but I amputated; this particularly in central New opinion as to where such a lode might
can retrace my steps and find out, for sure." Mexico and northern Arizona. Your arti- exist. The gentleman is Mr. Harry J. Phil-
cle was interesting and I expect more work lips of El Cajon, California, and below is
"Beat it out there, locate it, and bring me will be done on this subject eventually. his answer for DESERT readers. C.P.
2 # -for analysis," he ordered, "I'll test this
in the meantime and see what you've got." JOHN J. CAWLEY, M.D. To the Editor: Pegleg black gold does exist
I didn't get back to camp for a week; Bakersfield, California along the Elsinore fault in the Julian dis-
not until after he'd called to report the trict. The same slaty phylite shist existing
stuff assayed at $1800 per ton! You can Retiring In the Desert in the California Mother Lode was very
bet I hustled then. And I'm still looking. productive in gold. The last uplift caused
I've retraced every step, looked at 5000 To the Editor: My husband and I plan to ice-age erosion to a depth of 2500 ft., or
rocks, and haven't found a trace of that retire to the desert in about five years. In more, of this gold-bearing shist. A U.S.G.S.
$1800 per ton stuff. However, in the losing the meantime, we are anxious to learn all report estimated that, at $20 per oz., a 1000
and looking I've found other valuable min- we can about it. million in gold eroded from Volcan Mt.
erals that are now blocked out and tested, While in Palm Springs last winter we dis- near Julian through Coleman Creek west-
so it turned out good anyway. But, if you covered DESERT Magazine. Please start erly onto Ramona flat, where an estimated
ever wonder how a mine is lost, here's our subscription with my husband's birth- 100 million in gold, difficult to recover,
how. And this is a true story. I can prove day this month. And thank you for pub- reposes in cemented young conglomerate
it. lishing such an interesting, informative gravel.
magazine. East of Ramona, $2 nuggets were dug
HAM SAUNDERS, MRS. A. R. RODITE out of an exposed bedrock. However, most
San Bernardino, California Park Ridge, Illinois of this goldbearing shist, as eroded, moved

August - September, 1965 / Desert Magazine / 61

easterly onto what is now a desert area The best proof of the existence of black
embraced by the State Park. During the gold in this area was the fact that an Itali-
ROCK POLISHER ice-age, when most erosion occurred, this an merchant and banker in Yuma bought
area was covered with forests and great $12 to 20-thousand worth of black gold
rivers provided the milling and assorting from Pegg (not Peg-leg) who spent one
action to produce gold placer deposits. It month on the desert each year, using pack
is possible that remnants of ancient old- animals. I saw the map made by Pegg and
channel placers exist, which may be detect- left with his wife, last living in San Diego
ed by a marked red color due to the heavy and financially well off. She had loaned
black iron associated with placer gold. the map to two prospectors who promised
Great fun for everyone. Where much lime exists, the red iron oxide her a half-interest in the gold when they
A wonderful gift for someone. would change to gray carbonate of iron. located it. They failed and showed me the
The original Thumler's Tumbler polishes All old-channel gold is coated black. Much map at my mine, thinking I could help
rocks to a fine, gleaming finish. Produced by of the gold could be locked up in young them. Starting at the old Vallecito Stage
the largest manufacturer of small tumblers in conglomerate and caliche. Secondary erosion Station, you go 6 miles along the Warners
the country. Guaranteed for one year. would produce bright gold. road to where you can see 3 hills, thence
COMPLETE POLISHER _ only $19.95 6 miles farther to the red hill. At the time
Motor, barrels and all as illustrated. PREPAID In the Oatman District no sample is taken a short-cut trail to Warners existed also.
2 SETS OF 3 ABRASIVES $2.40 above the 60 ft. level because the fine gold The map was not oriented. I believe that
(1 set for each 1 qt. barrel) is certain to be leached. Sulphuric acid the hills would be low table-mountains or
Rubber tumbler liners, pair .89 (from sulphides in vein), desert chlorides hog-backs. A fireman on the gypsum rail-
Victor's Tumbling Manual _ ..$2.00 (salt) and manganese yield chlorine which load, extending from Plaster City on High-
Cash, Check or Money Order only dissolves gold. In the higher Julian area I way 8 to the Gypsum mine, found Pegg
THUMLER'S TUMBLER milled gold from surface ore, but no gold dying of thirst. He poured the water to
P. O. Box 609 could be panned in the eroded vein matter him too fast and he died, but not before
Monrovia, California a short distance away from the outcropping pointing westerly when asked where he got
vein. With no stream action, no recent gold the poke of gold he carried.
placer deposits exist in the Southwest des-
seed is the recently rediscov- ert area. I would be remiss in these instructions
cred survival and proven vigor if I did not warn that the summer tempera-
cereal of our tireless Indians. May I warn that no gold mining can ture of the low desert is 115° and that
Chia is a food found to be succeed now? With our gold currency cover
especially kind to the lower digestive system,
leduced to 15% Feb. 18, we will soon have grinning skeletons prove the existing dan-
and agreeable to abused stomachs that no ger. The account of Pegg and the Indians
longer tolerate medicines, denatured foods, a 15c dollar. We cannot, in effect, mine was verified by personal contacts.
bread or liquors. gold for $8.75 per oz. and silver for 32c
Spoonfuls, whole as is, ground or soaked,
more or less daily, demonstrate its salient per oz. A National City man claimed pleasing
virtue to stem the torrent of exhaustion and
With a life time experience in managing results from crevassing bed rock on week
return to usefulness, often with long-winded ends in the Sentenac-Canyon Stream which
day long, easy, smoothed out energy. gold mines I assert that $105 per oz. gold
Chia is a real calming, pacifying apple is needed with $4 per oz. silver, to reopen drains San Felipe Basin east of Julian and
among the cereals that make for easier rol- a few large low-cost mines and $140 per flows into San Felipe Wash. The Vallecito
ling out of bed with rested disposition. Wash joins the San Felipe Wash just east
Great for flapjacks and aroma in baking. oz. gold (the French price) and $5 per oz.
21/} lbs $5; trial 12 oz $2; 6</2 lbs $12; for silver, to reopen all mines. Others con- of the Fish Creek Mts. Various wells, sunk
12 lbs $21, postpaid with complete 10,000 cur. At our traditional price of 16 to 1 with in the lower San Felipe Wash, revealed
word Chia Story. Story alone 50c. Basic reci-
respect to gold, silver should be about $9 placer gold. A friend told me how he used
pes, cultivating data, and the Pollen Story to let his peg-legged grandfather (whose
included. per oz. The world production ratio of silver
A DIFFERENT bird seed . . . your can- to gold is 6 to 1, indicating a silver price name was not Smith) out at Harper's Well,
aries, finches, doves and their cousins will
of $23.33 per oz. a short distance west of Kane Springs on
perk up with plumage, sassiness, friendliness highway 99. He would walk up the wash
and adore you. Bird seed grade 5% lbs $6.
Unprocessed Chia Seed 1,000 lbs $250 f.o.b. In my 1956 article I gave positive evi- with a dry-wash machine under his arm,
POLLEN CHIA Commerce dence of black gold obtained from old-chan- using his shovel as a cane. This is below
854-D Ninth St., Santa Monica, Calif. 90403 el placers in the Anza Park area. Warner the junction of Vallecito and San Felipe
Indians told these facts to a tubercular doc- Creeks. In the Fish Creek Mts., within the
tor friend who, while living at Warners for Park, lies a roof pendant of Julian shist on
CHANGING ADDRESS? health reasons, gave medical help to them. the Elsinore fault. A prospector had picked
"Nigger Jim" (I didn't give him this handle) up pieces of fresh-broken quartz with solid
New postal regulations make it important lode into the small trading post on the east faces of gold on them, which I saw, on both
that you send your change-of-address notice side of Volcan Mt. on a road leading from sides of the shist ridge. On a vein at the
to us promptly. And please remember to list San Felipe Valley to Warners. He quenched foot of this shist hill he did $50,000 worth
your old address as well as your new and the thirst of an Indian with some 'Johnny of development work. He milled ore and
your Zip Code. Walker,' bought some nuggets from him and showed bullion from clean-ups. At the re-
DESERT Magazine—Palm Desert, Calif. 92260
offered to buy more. The Indian left on quest of the 'Beaches and Parks' boys, BLM
horseback and returned in two hours with took his property without compensation,
gold which he sold for $200. After more although his title was valid and he located
liquid refreshment, the Indian agreed, for it long before it became a park.
a larger sum, to show his host the location
of the gold. It is a matter of record that Having prospected, discovered and man-
'Nigger Jim' rode into San Bernardino aged mines in the wide open spaces of the
County and sold $40,000 worth of black Rockies, Alaska and elsewhere, I need plen-
gold from his saddle-bags. Various accounts ty of rope. I was corraled only long enough
infer that he couldn't remember the loca- for about six years of College work in
tion. The Indians finished the story. He Mining Engineering and Metallurgy. I con-
returned for more gold, but was met by a fess that I spend many happy week-ends
delegation with rifles who told him never on the desert. In winter we do assessment
to return. and development work on several acres of
powellite (tungsten and molybdenum). Ly-
An Indian, indebted to the doctor for ing on the footwall side of a huge limestone
saving his skin, asked how he could pay mountain, this deposit shows many expos-
the doctor. The doctor asked to see the lo- ures of scheelite, Hubnerite (chocolate)
cation of the black gold. The Indian took Tungsten and beautiful tungstite. Interest-
him upon Pinon Mt., pointed easterly and ing garnets, some almost ruby red, occur
said, "When wind blow, Indian pick up in the metamorphic lime stone. Lying 5
gold." This makes sense and this wind has miles south of Ocotillo on Highway 8, this
sandblasted the paint off many cars. The prospect is so barren that no mesquite
Indian said that a white man who found beans, chuckawalla lizards or. sidewinders
the gold was chased by the Indians to Bor- exist. Food must be packed in. Four wheel
rego Springs. The Indians then concealed drive transportation is used. We welcome
their gold diggings. The Indian dared tell the new Peg-leg to our land of desert leg-
plated. Add the doctor no more. The doctor described ends and dreams.
LOCK STRAP an ample pottery jar filled with this gold
329 W. Lcmita Ave., Dept. D GJendale 4, Calif.
left by a dying Indian woman to her son. HARRY J. PHILLIPS, Mine Manager

62 / Desert Magazine / August - September, 1965

This dramatic land of contrasts in-
vites you to make the most of every
vacation day. More national parks
and monuments than any other
state. Inspiring views from desert
valleys to 2-mile high peaks. The
Grand Canyon. Oak Creek Canyon
and the Red Rock country. Petrified
Forest. Canyon lakes. Mountain-
cool camping in the world's largest
stand of Ponderosa Pine. America's
oldest apartment houses in cliff-
side Indian ruins and in the towns
on the Hopi mesas. Indian rock
paintings. Spectacular buttes and
rock formations of Monument
Valley in the Navajo country and
the Wonderland of Rocks in the
Chiricahua Mountains. And, al-
ways . . . great fishing and water
sports along 688 miles of the
Colorado River!


1500 W. Jefferson, Phoenix, Arizona 85007
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Now is the time to explore the wild and mysterious bottom-

depths of "Canyonlands." Ancient Indian dwellings and
primitive art, centuries old,dot these vast, silent reaches.
Majestic arches, natural bridges, grotesque rock formations
loom up dramatically — here, there, everywhere. Be adven-
turous. Take a Lake Powell boat trip through endless,
meandering channels whose waters now intrude upon high
mountain niches and secret places seldom seen by modern
man. Exciting experiences like these are yours when you
visit Utah's three National Parks, eight National Monu-
ments, and two National Recreation areas. Come now!
j Council Hall, Dept 107 State Capitol, Salt Lake City, Utah


L ±!