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SUMMARY
PEMBUATAN TRANSPARENT SOAP DARI MINYAK JARAK (Jatropa
curcas) DENGAN PROSES SAPONIFIKASI DAN PENAMBAHAN ALOE
VERA DAN JASMINE OIL
THE MANUFACTURE OF TRANSPARENT SOAP FROM CASTOR OIL (Jatropa curcas) WITH THE
SAPONIFICATION PROCESS AND THE ADDITION OF ALOE VERA AND JASMINE OIL
Created by AZIZAH, NUR
Subject
: Sabun
Subject Alt
: Soap
Keyword :
: Jatropa curcas; Transparent Soap; Aloe vera
Description :
Sabun padat transparan untuk badan dapat dibuat dari minyak jarak dengan proses saponifikasi. Tujuan percobaan ini
adalah mengetahui pengaruh penambahan gliserin dan lidah buaya untuk memberi efek lembut pada kulit, serta
penambahan alkohol sebagai pelarut. Tahapan proses pembuatan sabun ini terlebih dahulu membuat base soap dengan
memanaskan 100 gr minyak jarak dan 10 gr asam stearat pada suhu 700C kemudian mencampurkannya dengan larutan
NaOH pada suhu 500C sampai mengental. Setelah itu ditambahkan alkohol dan gliserin pada rasio 80 gr : 20 gr, 70 gr :
30 gr, dan 60 gr : 40 gr dibawah pemanasan sampai suhu 700C, kemudian campuran tersebut didinginkan sampai suhu
400C dan ditambahkan Aloe vera sebagai moisturizer alami masing-masing sebanyak 3 ml, 5 ml, 7 ml serta jasmine oil
sebagai aromaterapi sebanyak 6 ml, sehingga dihasilkan 9 variasi sabun dengan kode 01 sampai 09. Hasil analisa
terhadap parameter kadar alkali bebas dan kadar minyak mineral sabun tersebut sesuai dengan SNI (06-3532-1994),
sedangkan untuk parameter kadar air dan zat menguap sabun tidak sesuai dengan SNI. Untuk hasil analisa terhadap
parameter pH telah sesuai dengan ASTM D1172-95. Berdasarkan hasil poling dari uji organoleptik 20 panelis, untuk
parameter transparansi mendapat persentase sebesar 70%, bau/aroma 50%, pembusaan 75%, serta kelembaban 65%.
Description Alt:
The transparent soap for the body can be made from castor oil with the saponification process. The purpose of this
experiment was to determine the effect to addition of glycerin and Aloe vera to give a soft effect on the skin, and the
addition of alcohol as a solvent.
The stages of the making process of this soap, previously made the base soap with mixing 100 grams of castor oil and 10
grams of stearic acid with NaOH solution until it thickened. After that, it is heated with added alcohol and glycerin at a
ratio of 80 gr: 20 gr, 70 gr: 30 gr and 60 gr: 40 gr at 700C, then the mixture is cooled until 400C and added Aloe vera as
a natural moisturizer each of 3 ml, 5 ml, 7 ml and it is added jasmine oil as aromatherapy of 6 ml, so that, it is produced
9 variations of soap with the codes are 01 to 09. The parameter analysis results of free alkali content and mineral oil
content of this soap are in accordance with SNI (06-3532-1994), while for the parameters of the water content and the
evaporate substances of the soap are not in accordance with the SNI. The analysis of pH is in accordance with ASTM
D1172-95. Based on the results of polls from 20 panelist organoleptic tests, for the parameter of transparency, it is got
percentage of 70%, odor / scent 50%, foaming 75% and moisturizing 65%.
Contributor
: Ir. Sri Murwanti, MT.
Date Create
: 09/08/2011
Type
: Text
Page 1
Format
: pdf
Language
: Indonesian
Identifier
: ITS-NonDegree-3100011044630
Collection
: 3100011044630
Call Number
: RSK 668.2 Azi p
Source
: Non Degree of Chemical Engineering, RSK 668.2 Azi p, 2011
COverage
: ITS Community
Right
: Copyright @2011 by ITS Library. This publication is protected by copyright and per obtained
from the ITS Library prior to any prohibited reproduction, storage in a re transmission in any form
or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, reco For information regarding
permission(s), write to ITS Library
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