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# ANGE OF VARIABLES

VARIABLE RANGE
1. Measuring device

1.1 Tape measure
1.2 Meter stick
2. Type of measurement 2.1 English system
2.2 Metric system

3. Four fundamental
operations

3.2 Subtraction
3.3 Multiplication
3.4 Division

4. Points of measurement
for different types of
garments

4.1 Casual
4.2 Formal
4.3 High fashion

EVIDENCE GUIDE

1. Critical aspects of
competency
Assessment requires evidence that the candidate:
1.1 Use of measuring devices effectively - A measuring
instrument is a device for measuring a physical
quantity. In the physical sciences, quality assurance,
and engineering, measurement is the activity of
obtaining and comparing physical quantities of real-
world objects and events. Established standard objects
and events are used as units, and the process of
measurement gives a number relating the item under
study and the referenced unit of measurement.
1.2 Took and recorded accurate measurements list down
accurate measurements took from the client. 1. Height:
Record total height from top of head to floor while
wearing shoes (for women, the height should include
heels). Record in feet and inches. e.g. 5'8".
2. Weight: List approximate weight in street clothes.
3. Jacket (Chest) Size: Take measurement over largest
portion of chest. Be sure tape is well up under the arms
and over the shoulder blades. Record in inches. (C)
4. Sleeve Length: This measurement is subjective; indicate
desired length to accommodate your needs.
Suggested: leave arm naturally at side. Measure from
center point at base of collar, over top of shoulder,
down arm to bottom of wrist. (B) Then add one inch to
this measurement.
5. Cap/Tam Size: Measure the circumference around the
head at one inch above eye brows and ears. Record
the exact size in inches.
1.3 Performed simple calculations according to
specifications conversion of inches to millimeter and
even yards to inches
1.4 Estimated quantities and costs according to requirement
after writing down the sizes calculate all the
requirement and needed and give estimation. Clothe
500 needles 25 threads 200 and work estimated
calculation for a jacket is 1,000.00
1.5 Communicate effectively to enable accurate calculations
and measurements - ask client to stand firmly to know
the exact details of his measurement. Double check
after first measurement for specific and correct
measurement.

2. Underpinning
knowledge and
attitudes
2.1 Drawings and specifications - describe how information
is gathered through drawings and used in the industry
2.2 Materials relevant to the construction processes -
describe the methods that are used to communicate
ideas and information relative to the design and
construction of a project
2.3 Basic operation in measurement and calculations -
describe how structural materials and construction tools
are safely used on the work site and its cost.
2.4 Costing relative to the construction process - describe
how structural materials and construction tools are
safely used on the work site

3. Underpinning
skills
3.1 Read and interpret drawings - list and describe common
types of shop drawings
3.2 Measure and calculate manually - complete/update a
personal inventory
3.3 Record measurement - prepare a working drawing of a
product with multiple parts
3.4 Operate electronic calculating devices -
3.5 Communicate effectively

4. Resource
implications
The following resources should be provided:
environment where assessment may take place
4.2 Materials relevant to the proposed activity or task

5. Methods of
assessment
Competency in this unit must be assessed through:
5.1 Direct observation of work activities related to drafting
and cutting of casual apparel pattern

6. Context for
assessment
6.1 Competency assessment may occur in workplace or any
appropriately simulated environment

UNIT OF COMPETENCY: SET UP AND OPERATE MACHINE/S

UNIT CODE: GRM743204

UNIT DESCRIPTOR: This unit covers the knowledge and skills required in
setting up and operating machines.

ELEMENT
PERFORMANCE CRITERIA
Bold &Italicized fonts are elaborated in the Range of Variables
1. Set machines
1.1 1.1 Product specifications are interpreted in
relation to machine setting requirements - Machine
is started and stopped in accordance with
manufacturers operation manual
1.2 Type of sewing machine to be set up is identified in
accordance with the job requirement -
1.3 Machine is set in accordance with product
specifications, machine manufacturers instructions
and company procedures

2. Conduct sample run 2.1 Materials to be used for sampling are obtained -
2.2 Machine is operated in accordance with
manufacturers and company instructions to produce
a specified sample

3. Test machine output 3.1 Machine outputs are tested or organized in
accordance with company procedures to ensure
required standards of quality are met

setting to meet
requirements
4.1 Test results are interpreted to determine adjustment
requirements
4.2 Adjustment changes are assessed in accordance
with product and machine specifications
4.3 Appropriate production personnel are informed of
the availability of the newly set up machine in
accordance with workplace procedures

5. Maintain records 5.1 Records are maintained and reports prepared in
accordance with the company procedures

RANGE OF VARIABLES

VARIABLE RANGE
1. Type of Machines used 1.1 Single needle lockstitch machine - Heavy duty,
industrial sewing machine; high speed, single
needle-lock stitch
1.2 Double needle lockstitch machine - A double needle
lockstitch machine works on the same principle as
the SNLS machine while using two needles and
two bobbins thus resulting in two parallel rows of
lockstitch.
The distance between the two stitch lines depends upon
the distance between the two needles on the
needle bar which can be adjusted.
1.3 Edging machine - A machine-tool for molding,
edging, and profiling woodwork
1.4 Button hole machine - The raw edges of a
buttonhole are usually finished with stitching. This
may be done either by hand or by a sewing
machine.

2. Machine output 2.1 Product sample list of machine products such as
Singer Brothers
2.2 Service samples edging
2.3 Machine operation - Sewing machines range from
most basic having only simple lock stitch to the
electronic machines that use advanced computer
technology having various functions for example
piping, binding, ruffling, pleating, darning,
hemming and even making buttonholes and
attaching fasteners. A good sewing machine is
required to obtain quality products. One has to be
familiar with the characteristics of different types of
machines for selecting appropriate machine,
depending upon the ability and requirements of
the person.

EVIDENCE GUIDE

1. Critical aspects of
competency
Assessment requires evidence that the candidate:
1.1 Interpreted product specifications in relation to machine
setting requirements introduce the sewing machine
for example single A double needle lockstitch
machine works on the same principle as the SNLS
machine while using two needles and two bobbins
thus resulting in two parallel rows of lockstitch.
1.2 Obtained materials to be used for sampling gather
needles, thread and cloth that can be use for the work.
Ensure the following
Winding the bobbin
1.3 Operated machines turn on the machine and put the
needle and thread to start sampling.
1.4 Tested or organized sample to ensure quality standards
are met operate the machine and do single and
double stitching, edging and button sewing
1.5 Interpreted test results introduce the types of sewing
that you use straight line zigzag etc
1.6 Assessed adjustment changes see wrong sewing type
and adjust the sewed cloth. Pin two pieces of fabric,
right sides together, near the edge. The seam will go
1/2 inch (1.3cm) to 5/8 inch (1.5cm) from the edge.
You can sew a single layer of fabric (and might do so
to stop an edge from fraying, say), but since the goal
of most machine sewing is to join two pieces of fabric,
you should get used to sewing with a couple of layers
and pins.
1.7 Maintained records and prepared reports list down the
types of sewing made and list it in a notebook
2. Underpinning
knowledge
1. Store a sewing machine in a place thats not damp.
Basements and laundry rooms are notorious for
having a lot of moisture in the air. Storing a machine in
such places will expose its metal components to
moisture that can cause them to rust. Additionally,
keep the machines dust cover on when its not in use.
2 . Use a can of compressed air, a small nozzle attached to a
vacuum cleaner, or a small brush with soft bristles to
remove dust and lint from a sewing machine and its
parts. Compressed air is particularly useful for
cleaning remnants of thread out of the bobbin case.
3. Clean lint out of the machines feed dogs to prevent them
from getting stuck. Lint-filled feed dogs also can cause
the machine to miss stitches as youre sewing. Take
off the presser foot, lower the feed dogs and detach
the throat plate. Return the feed dogs to a raised
position and remove the lint trapped under them.
4. Follow the manufacturers instructions for oiling a sewing
machine to keep its metal parts running smoothly. Be
sure not to slather the machines components with oil,
and only put the oil in the areas listed by the
manufacturer. A machine thats over oiled can leave a
greasy residue on sewing projects. A drop of oil on
machine parts is typically sufficient.
than using generic ones. For example, a generic
bobbin can be marketed for use with a certain brand of
sewing machine, but it may not be suitable for an
upgraded version, even if its the same brand.
6 Take your sewing machine to an authorized dealer if it
needs repairs. While the services of authorized
dealers may seem more expensive, they can help
machine. Authorized dealers are already familiar with
particular models and how they work, and they can get
the parts specifically made for those models.

3. Underpinning
skills
Find the power switch. It may seem silly, but locating the
power switch is the most important step! This is
located in different places depending on the sewing
machine you have, but is normally on the right side of
the body.
Locate the spool pin. This is a small plastic or metal pin that
sticks out of the top of the sewing machine, and holds
from the spool on the top of the machine to the bobbin
winder. It is a geometric metal piece that sticks out of
the top of the sewing machine on the left side.
Find the bobbin-winder. To the right of the spool pin on top of
the sewing machine is another smaller plastic or metal
pin, next to a small horizontal wheel. This is the bobbin
winder and the bobbin winder stopper. These work
your bobbin prior to starting sewing.
Look for the stitch adjustment buttons. These are in different
locations depending on the specific sewing machine
you have, but there is typically a small screen next to a
few physical buttons on the front side of the sewing
machine. These buttons select the type of stitch you
create, the length of the stitch, and the direction of the
stitch (forward or in reverse). Check the manual for
your specific machine to determine the functions for
each of the buttons.
spool on top, through the thread guide, and then
around the takeup lever. This is the lever (with two cut-
in grooves) located on the front left side of the sewing
machine. There are typically numbers and arrows
printed next to it to clearly direct you the way in which
Look for the tension dial. The tension dial is a small
numbered wheel near the takeup lever. It controls the
tension of the thread as you sew; if the tension is too
tight, the needle will be pulled to the right. If the
tension is too loose, the thread will loop on the bottom
of the fabric you are sewing.
Find the needle clamp screw. This is a metal piece that holds
the needle in place while sewing. It is located under
the arm of the sewing machine, looks similar to a large
nail, and sticks out to the right side of the needle.
Look for the presser foot. This is a metal attachment under
the needle clamp screw that looks like a small ski.
When engaged, this holds the fabric in places and
guides it through the sewing machine as you sew.
Place the machine on a sturdy table, desk, counter, or
sewing cabinet in front of you. Sit in a chair that is a
comfortable height for the height of the table. Arrange
the machine so that the needle end is on your left and
the body of the machine is on the right. You will be
checking a couple of things first and getting to know
the machine a bit, so don't plug it in just yet.
the top of the sewing machine, but must be unwound
and attached to the needle. To do this, take the thread
and pull it through the thread guide at the top, and
then down and around the takeup lever. There should
be small numbers and arrows printed on the machine
showing the way in which to thread the machine.
You may also be able to follow the guides printed on your
machine.
Usually, the thread follows this general pattern: "left, down,
up, down, into a hook, through the needle." Another
way to know how to thread the machine is "Spool pin,
tension, take-up lever, needle, using thread guides
provided between these parts".
The needle might be threaded from the left, the right, or from
front to back. If it is already threaded, that is a clue to
the direction; if not, the last thread guide before the
needle, is located nearest to the direction from which
4. Resource
implications
The following resources should be provided: