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10-Years Solid Waste Management Plan 97

Chapter VIII

Implementation Strategy

8.1 Iligan City Solid Waste Management System Implementation Strategies:

Solid Waste Management System Framework: The proposed Iligan City Solid
Waste Management System is shown in Figure 8.1, 8.1a, 1.b, 1.c -Schematic Diagram of
the Iligan City Solid Waste Management System;
1. A Central MRCF shall be constructed to handle the solid waste for the
following sources:
a) Barangay Material Recovery Facility residuals
b) The mixed/special solid waste from the city markets /institutional
sources; and
c) The mixed solid waste from households, which are beyond the
capacity of the individual Barangay MRF’s to process.
2. Each of the 29 coastal barangays shall put up their own barangay MRF, or in
clusters - to handle segregation, recycling, composting and others. Residuals
shall be handled by the Central MRCF
3. All commercial (markets) and institutional sources (hospitals, schools, etc.)
mixed solid/special waste shall be handled by the Central MRCF. Hazardous
waste shall have a designated disposal area to be built and operated by each
hospital, with the City to put up a Special and Hazardous Waste Facility
with central autoclaving system (for small hospitals). Hospitals may also opt
to put up their privately operated MRF’s in their property for medical wastes
-subject to the EIS requirements
4. Excess solid waste generated from households (that can’t be absorbed by
Barangay MRF), and for those Barangay still without MRF’s shall be
processed at the Central MRCF.
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5. The collection/hauling of solid waste shall be done by both the Barangay MRF
within their area of responsibility, and/or by the City Government through the
Public Services Division in the case of the Central MRCF.

8.2 The solid waste management system with its various project plan component is
briefly described below:


1. Information and education campaign (IEC) plan on the CMRCF including the pilot
material recovery facility proposed to be located at Barangay Del Carmen.

2. IEC for a total segregation on the household level “Sorting at Source” at Barangay
Level (see Annex 8.a ESTABLISHMENT OF MRF SYSTEM relevant to IEC).
3. Info on alternative composting at home.

4. Info on managing recyclable or non-biodegradable waste with regards to

alternative technology available.

Basic Engineering Activities
1. Feasibility study including site selection
2. Financial sourcing (in-house for the equities/collaterals, and out-sourced funds
mostly from the banks)
3. The Initial Environmental Examination Checklist (IEE) and other permitting
requirements such as Environmental Compliance Certificate (ECC), Authority
to Construct, Notice to Proceed (NTP), and other.

4. Preparation of the Santiago Open Dumpsite Closure Plan

5. Upgrading of the Iligan City Solid Waste Management Plan, and its approval
by the National Solid Waste Management Commission
Detailed Engineering
1. Detailed plans, estimates, tender documents, specifications, and program of
works for all the project packages/modules (civil works and others)
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1. Bidding activities (for civil work, equipment and supply, and others)
2. Civil works implementation of all project packages/modules
3. Public Services Division (PSD) equipment upgrading and procurement (for
CMRCF operation and solid waste hauling/collection operation)
4. Closure of the Barangay Santiago Controlled Dumpsite Facility (CDF)

C. POLICY / ENFORCEMENT: Operation and Maintenance

1. Institutionalization of the solid waste management system (creation of the
ICSWMB-TWC, Central MRCF management team, tipping fees, etc)
2. Legal requirements including appropriation ordinances and others
3. Transitory provisions (maintenance and operating supplies, budget, security,
safety, etc)

4. Policy review related to the City solid waste management ordinance,

enforcement and implementation

5. Operation and maintenance manuals including operation systems and

procedures, closure plans mitigation measures, abandonment plans and others.

6. Long-term maintenance of the Barangay Santiago closed dumpsite.

7. Institutionalization and capability building of the Barangay Solid Waste
Management Committees for the establishment of Material Recovery Facility.

1. Market development plan for the recycled waste products, compost and others
2. Marketing development implementation.
3. Training of operations/maintenance/marketing personnel.
10-Years Solid Waste Management Plan 100

8.3 Description of the Solid waste management System:

Briefly summarized in table VIII.1 which needs logistics requirement and

budgetary support (shown in detailed table 11.1 of chapter 11).

Table VIII.1 ICSWM System Implementation Strategy

Framework Methodology Strategies Success Indicator
I. Plan Preparation
1. Creation and -Enactment of Legislative - Appointment of -Effective and efficient
empowerment of ESWM Ordinance accountable qualified Project implementation
Board and their personnel - In attendance
respective Committee - Continuous Administrative function
Participatory of & Monitoring of
resource mobilization ESWM Project plan
for the ESWM Plan
2.Permitting Comply DENR requirement -Resolve social -Approved resolution
Requirements for new for the Project Site acceptability of Social acceptance
land site disposal Facility -Feasibility study of -Submitted/complied
the project Project Study
- IEE Clearance - Noticed to Proceed

3.Loan for lot Acquisition Legal institution and -Consensus of MOA -Approved MOA
Documentation, financial from Mayor/SP/Bank -Issuance of
appropriation order
4.Financial Loan for Legal institution and Submit supporting -Approved /confirm of
Infrastructure Documentation Documents MOA by Mayor/SP and
-Sourcing of finance Transmittal of MOA to
-Issuance of
appropriation order

Framework Methodology Strategies Success Indicator

II. Project Plan Activities
A. Lot Acquisition Documentation for -Court proceeding -Approved Brgy.
expropriation: legal Procedures (notices,appearance) Clearance & Court
-Amiable Settlement proceeding
-Relocation of -Settled & Relocated
Affected families - Approved City Gov’t.
-Titling of land Ownership
B. Infrastructure -Engineering -POW / Detailed -Accomplished Site
-Procurement of Supply & Engineering Development Plan
Materials -Bidding out the -Technically sound
10-Years Solid Waste Management Plan 101

-Construction Works determination of Decision on the

design & needs Equipments
Infrastructure -Contract or Admin. - Installed MRCF
For Building/ road including Special
construction Waste Facilities, access
-Accountable Road, Street lightning,
organizational Equipments, nursery,
management Demo-farm and others
C. Closure of Existing Rehabilitation Development / -Conversion of open -Complete and
Dumpsite Up-grade the dumpsite dumpsite into Control maintain soil cover of
fill site dumpsite
-Comply DENR-IRR -Installed drainage
minimum canal, vegetation
requirement for -Access road
controlled dump prior maintenance, etc.
its closure plan -Medical assistance
-Allocate funds for -Organized cooperative
closure plan of
-Livelihood Dev’t.
D. MRCF Operations & -Resolve ESWM -Accord an ordinance -Acceptable &
Maintenance Organizational Management of good accountable Leaders in
structure environmental SW management
- Enactment of City Ordinance governance: -Institutionalization
in Proper handling of Solid Transparency, -
waste Accountability, Individuals/Community
Participation of Participatory Activity
Concerned Agency - Start up MRCF
- Research & Operation:
development for Enforcement of Law
Organic fertilizer Segregation, Recycling,
product & Recycling Composting
D.1 Collection System -Consistent w/ the law, -Info on collection -Stakeholders
procedure & ordinance schedule participation of
-Collection of segregated waste
segregated waste collection
-Collection of mixed -Practiced 3R’s:
waste Reduce, Re-use,
-Encourage Curb site recycle
Collection -Collection route fleet
D.2 Transport -Review & decide the required -SW assessment on - Procured new
specification, capacity, Cost of Transport vehicle mobilize transport
equipment procure -Recommend compress truck for
compress truck for collection transfer
10-Years Solid Waste Management Plan 102

sanitary collection
Framework Methodology Strategies Success Indicator
D.3 Processing & - Installation of MRCF -Research study -Approved Noticed to
Disposal site: MRCF technology, equipments Development on proceed
including S/HW facilities waste recycling -Operational System
- MSW Disposal area & products/Markets - Implementation
Recovery Processing -No Open Dumping scheme
-SW assessment

Framework Methodology Strategies Success Indicator

III. Institutionalization &
Capability Building
1. Policy/ Ordinance Review & analyze the -List of Ordinance to -Resolve / Accord city
Formulation existing / modifiable be enacted & Ordinance on SWM
Ordinance On SWM recommended -Policy enforcement &
Provision support
2. Information and -Information of baseline data -Formulate -Actual solid waste is
Education Campaign -Aggressive and continuous appropriate media; known and reduced by
info Posters, Radio, 25%
-City ordinance info contest, publication -Organized BSWMC to
-Monitoring -Provide incentives initiate SWMP
Program (IEC) -Contest -Operated MRF
-Funding Option -Community
-Diversion SW Participation
-No segregation No
3.Livelihood/Marketing -Development of marketable -Research study of -Accountable practices
Products for the operation and supply / Demand of MRCF products
maintenance -Organized -Available market D >
cooperative S
4.Capability Building -Organization and education of - Training, assist and -Increased investment
economics aid workshop for of recyclable
-Clean production program recyclable production manufacturing process
-Community Improvement and household - Product output
-Brgy. Initiatives composting - Install BMRF
5. Incentive Program -Clean and Green program -Financing Barangay -Operational activity
contest contest
-Incentive for the enforcer of -Awards
6.Monitoring Program -Develop criteria for -Indicates the result - Follow up
discussion and results analysis output/ analysis recommendation
on SWM -Make an alternative
10-Years Solid Waste Management Plan 103

Framework Methodology Strategies Success Indicator

7. Pilot MRF -POW: detailed Eng’rng. -Establishment of - Constructed and
-Site dev. BMRF implemented SWM
-Budget Operation -Process recyclable system
and/or compost
8. Organizational / - Accord policy and Ordinance -Resource - Continuous
Management of management structure mobilization institutional
-Enactment of strengthening
legislative ordnance
9. Financial -Sourcing of Funds allocation - Loan / Finance -Approve project loan
10-Years Solid Waste Management Plan 104

Annex 8.a: ESTABLISHMENT OF MRF SYSTEM relevant to Information,

Education Campaign

• Total Segregation Approach

A. Household Level Segregation

1. Provide easy segregation RECYCLABLE
System at source
2. Used color-coded
Bins T L E
3. System should be understood by E A
CHILD to ensure that ADULTS also T P
Understand. S

B. Segregation Collection
1. First Stage:
Purok / Zone Level

2. Second Stage:
Brgy. Collector

C. Segregation Redemption center:

Composting Residual
Destination Buyback Center,
Center: Management
BMRF/ Junk Store, and Area: CMRCF
OPERATION Alternative

• Composting at Home
10-Years Solid Waste Management Plan 105

“ Compostable Waste Need Not Leave The Home”

 Practical Ways Of Managing Biodegradable Waste:

1. Backyard Composting Pits “ Libingan ng mga Basura”

2. Tower Tires
3. Bottomless Composter
4. Composting In Clay Pots
5. Hanging Container Composting
6. Vermi Composting

 Purok / Zone Collection at Barangay level:

1. Daily alternative collection of segregated compostable Waste (Food waste

Materials) by the BIO-MAN driving with Trisicad and having a collection fee
of P 1.00.
2. Opt to bring and/or collect the segregated waste to strategic BMRF.

• Managing Of Recyclable Or Non-Biodegradable Waste

Alternative Technology Description: Residual Waste Management

Paper Recycling : Utilized paper, newsprint, Mixed Paper
PET recycling : Mineral Water bottles: Revenue for MRF
Plastic Waste Recycling : Plastic Waste process into Slab as construction
materials (CHB): CMRCF
HDPE Recycling; : Gallons container of Plastic (High Density
Technology available Poly Ethylene: HDPE) can be Shredded &
made into new plastic product
Poly Styrene Recycling : Styrofoam recycling
Tin Can Resizing : Forming Big cans to small cans
Glass recycling : Broken glass reforming, re-used
Laminates Recycling : Sachets process into pail form
Tetra pack recycling : Forming into Composite; baling (CMRCF)
Cartoon Recycling : Re-using
Doy Pack Recycling : Fun champak into usable products like bags
Rubber Tire Recycling : Forming into re-usable item as flower pot, etc.