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1 (a) Diagram 1 shows two isotopes of an element X.

Rajah 1 menunjukkan isotop-isotop bagi unsur X.










Diagram 1/ Rajah 1

(i) State the number of neutron in each isotope [ 2 marks]
Nyatakan nombor neutron dalam setiap isotop.

(ii) State two similarities and two differences between the isotopes [4 marks]
Nyatakan dua persamaan dan dua perbezaan antara isotop-isotop tersebut.







Diagram 2 / Rajah 2

(b) Diagram 2 shows an atom of element P/ Rajah 2 menunjukkan atom bagi unsur P.
The letter used is not the actual symbol of the element.
Abjad yang digunakan bukanlah simbol sebenar bagi unsur tersebut.

(i) State four informations from the atom shown in Diagram 2. [4marks]
Nyatakan empat maklumat daripada atom yang ditunjukkan dalam Rajah 2.

(ii) Another atom of element P has 7 neutrons. Compare this atom with the atom in Diagram 2. [4 marks]
Atom lain bagi unsur P mempunyai 7 neutron. Bandingkan atom ini dengan atom dalam Rajah 2.

2. Caffeine is one of the substances in coffee. 0.97 g of caffeine consists of 0.48 g carbon, 0.05g
hydrogen, 0.28 g nitrogen and 0.16 g oxygen. The molar mass of caffeine is 194 g mol
1
.
Kafein ialah salah satu bahan di dalam kopi. 0.97g kafein mengandungi 0.48g karbon, 0.05g
hidrogen,028g nitrogen dan 0.16g oksigen. Jisim molar kafein ialah 194 g mol
-1
.

Based on the information above, determine the empirical formula and molecular formula of caffeine. [5 marks]
Berdasarkan maklumat di atas, tentukan formula empirik dan formula molekul bagi kafein.

3. (a) Diagram 3 shows the standard representation for sodium element/ Rajah 3 menunjukkan perwakilan umum
bagi unsur natrium.





Diagram 3/ Rajah 3
State three information that can be deduced from the diagram 3. / Nyatakan maklumat yang boleh didapati daripada Rajah 3.
Draw the atomic structure of sodium atom . Lukis struktur atom bagi atom natrium. [6 marks]

PROGRAM CUTI TERANCANG
MEI 2014
KIMIA TINGKATAN 4
j
Disediakan oleh : Puan Harlina binti Mohd Nazir
KP Kimia SMK Kampar

SCHEME

1. (a) (i) The number of neutrons : 18 and 20 respectively 2
(ii) Similarity 1. having the same proton number/number of electrons
1. different in the number of neutrons /different in the nucleon number
Difference : 2. having the same valence electron/ having the same chemical properties
2. different in physical properties

(b) (i) 1. Nucleus contains 6 proton and 6 neutron 1
2. Electrons move around the nucleus 1
3. Two shells are filled with electrons 1
4. There are 6 valence electron// electron arrangement is 2.6 1 . 4m

(ii) Comparison Diagram 2 with Another atom








* Any four


2.
Element C H N O
Mass 0.48 0.05 0.28 0.16 1m
Number of mol 0.48/12
//0.04

0.05/1
//0.05

0.28/14
//0.02

0.16/16
//0.01
1m

Simplest ratio of number
of mol
0.04/0.01
// 4

0.05/0.01
// 5

0.02/0.01
// 2

0.01/0.01
// 1
1m


Empirical formula = C
4
H
5
N
2
O 1m
[C
4
H
5
N
2
O ] n = 194 1m
[ 97 ] n = 194 1m
n = 194/97 // 2 1m
Molecular formula = C
8
H
10
N
4
O
2
1m

3. (a)
1. The proton number is 11 // Number of proton is 11
2. Nucleon number is 23 // Atomic mass is 23
3. Number of neutron = 23-11 = 12
4. Nucleus contains 11p and 12n
5. Position of electron circulating the nucleus
6. Correct number shell consists of electron
7. Symbol of sodium is Na *any 6


Atom in diagram 2 Another atom
Proton number 6 6
Number of valence electron 4 4
Chemical properties similar Similar
Number of meutron/ nucleon number 6 // 12 7 // 13
Physical properties Different Different
Standard representation of element Different Different