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Lesson 9-1

(Compound)
Any either it be an ( , , ) or or when
it is single (by itself), in Arabic its called

- Mufrad.
Examples:


All the above s are called

because they are single words.


A combination of two or more is called

-Murakkab-
compound.

= +

are of two types:


1.

-Murakkab Taam- complete (sentence).


2.

-Murakkab Naaqis- incomplete (phrase).


A complete sentence ( ) is a combination of from
which some information is understood, e.g. The man is good.
This statement provides us with the information that the man is
good.
A phrase ( ) is a combination of from which no
information is understood. It is an incomplete statement, e.g.
a good man; a mans book.

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Complete Sentence


A complete sentence ( ) is a combination of from
which some information, command or wish is understood, e.g.
(

) - The man is good. This statement provides us with


the information that the man is good.
A complete sentence is also called .
is of two types:
1. .
2. .

A - complete sentence is that sentence in which the first
word is a noun (), e.g.

Zaid is handsome.

A - complete sentence is that sentence in which the first
word is a verb (), e.g.

Zaid became handsome.



We are going to learn first.




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is made of two parts.
The first part is called starting noun (the subject) and the
second part is called (the predicate).

The rules of .
1. The first part (the subject) is generally (definite).
While the second part (the predicate) is generally
(indefinite).
2. The (the subject) and (the predicate) are in case.
3. The agrees the in two of the four properties of .
1. .
Gender: if the is masculine, the is also masculine
and if the is feminine, the is also feminine.
2. .
Number: if the is , the is also , the same
applies to the and .

From the seven types of let use first as .



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Examples:
Zaid is pious


Zaid and Hamid are pious


Zaid, Hamid and Khalid are pious



The girl is pious


The two girls are pious


The girls are pious



Allah is one


Allah is All forgiving


Allah is merciful


Allah is All hearer


Allah is All seeing


Allah is All mighty


Allah is strong


Muhammad (SAW) is a messenger


Muhammad (SAW) is a prophet


Muhammad (SAW) is truthful


Muhammad (SAW) is trustworthy


Nooh (AS) is a prophet