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ASSIGNMENT COVER SHEET

INTERNATIONAL DEGREE PROGRAMME


A. STUDENT/S TO COMPLETE
Module Name: INTODUCTION TO ENGLISH LANGUAGE
TEACHING
Module Code: 4FHE 1053
Student Name: MAYA AIRANI BTE ASPAR Student ID Number: PLPPIP2011/102/KIC

Lecturer Name: DR. KARUNA KUMAR

Tutor Group: A1 AMITAV GHOSH



Assignment No./Name: 2
Second Language Acquisition

Due Date: 23.9.2013

Date Submitted: 23.9.2012
Word Count:



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available at http://www.herts.ac.uk/secreg/upr/upr17-1ap1.htm)


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Student Signature:

Date:23.9.2013
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MAYA AIRANI BINTI ASPAR
PLPPIP2011/102/KIC

Assignment 2: Second Language Acquisition

1. What do you understand by the term affective factors? In not more than 300
of your own words summarize Krashens views on the role of affective
factors in the learning of a second language.

Affective factors or known as The Affective Filter Hypothesis are the one of
Krashens Theory which focus on learners emotional. There are three factors in
affective factors consists of motivation, self-confidence and anxiety. Generally,
affective factors act as problems that make learners slow in their learning
process of second language. As we know, second language learners are divided
into two categories, child and adult. Child are more easy to learn second
language because they surround with people that keep motivate them and teach
them naturally but adult always face problems like low self-esteem, low,
confidence and high anxiety. All these problems can form a mental block that can
prevents all the input from being used for acquisition. As we know, when learner
nervous in language class there will be a filter that prevents the input from getting
through. Thus, as a teacher who teach adult, teacher should make an effort to
provide exposure for them so that easy for them to understand what they learn.
Besides that, to overcome the anxiety and low self-esteem while learning,
teacher can make the classroom anxiety-free and motivating the learners to
make the learners feel comfortable. In conclusion, affective factor are the most
problems that learners need to prevent because it will effect learning process in
future and it also depends on learners emotional and environment








MAYA AIRANI BINTI ASPAR
PLPPIP2011/102/KIC

2. Reflect on your own experience of learning English. Use the table below to list
the positive and negative experiences which had an effect on your language
learning and say what kind of impact they had on you. You must mention at
least 3 positive and 3 negative experiences.

Details of experience Impact on learning of English
Positive
experiences
My secondary English teacher love
to share her experiences studied in
overseas and she taking English
course.
I feel motivated to continue my study
in English course. So, I can be like
my English teacher.
I like to watch English movie but
sometimes I do not understand what
they talking about.
I read English subtitle when I watch
Malay movie and then I will refer to
dictionary if I not sure with the words.
My parents really want me to be an
English teacher and now I am taking
English course in my study.
Each time I am going to class, I feel
very happy and motivated because
my parents always support my
ambition.

Negative
experiences
When I am in form 3, my English
teacher so strict and fierce. She
always get angry when I make
mistakes.
I do not like the way she taught me
because she make feel de-
motivated.
I love to read Malay novel. I always read Malay novel until effect
my English subject. I felt very down
on that time.
My friend and I got bad result in
English subject. So, to release her
tension she persuade me to hate
English subject.
I start to hate English when my friend
keep encourage me to stop learn
English.



MAYA AIRANI BINTI ASPAR
PLPPIP2011/102/KIC

3. Think of 3 things that the classroom teacher can do to create a positive
atmosphere in the classroom to aid language learning. Discuss briefly (in 2-3
sentences) how each of these things can help the learner.

Three things to create a positive atmosphere in the classroom to aid language
learning by divide them in a group or pair and ask them to learn together. This
way, can make them comfortable because usually students are not shame with
their friends. Other than that, teacher can provide space in classroom by doing
mini library, so students can read, learn and doing revision to improve language
skills. Lastly, teacher can paste flashcard or quote in classroom to motivate
students to keep learning.