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Digestive System

1. Which of the following structures

forms the anterior roof of the mouth?
A. teeth
B. cheek
C. hard palate
D. soft palate
E. uvula
2. Which one of the following is NOT a
layer of the alimentary canal?
A. submucosa
B. mucosa
C. serosa
D. muscularis externa
E. muscularis interna
3. Which of the following regulates the
release of food from the stomach into
the small intestines?
A. ileocecal valve
B. pyloric sphincter
C. cardioesophageal sphincter
D. hepatopancreatic ampula
E. Internal anal sphincter
4. Which part of the alimentary canal
does protein digestion begins?
A. large intestines
B. esophagus
C. small intestines
D. mouth
E. stomach

5. The intrinsic factor produced by the
gastric mucosa is need for the
absorption of ______ in the small

A. Vit. K
B. Vit. D
C. C. Vit. C
D. Vit. B12
E. Vit. A
6. The small intestine extends from the
__________ to the _________.
Select one:
A. cardioesophageal sphincter, pyloric
B. appendix to sigmoid colon
C. ileocecal valve, appendix
D. pyloric sphincter, ileocecal valve

E. cardioesophageal sphincter, ileocecal
7. Which of the following is the middle
section of the small intestines?
Select one:
A. duodenum
B. descending colon
C. jejunum
D. asceding colon
E. ileum
8. Which of the following structures are
enzymes and bile from the pancreatic
duct and bile duct are emptied?
Select one:
A. ileum
B. duodenum
C. ileocecal valve
D. large intestines
E. jejunum
9. Which of the following is the
primary function of the small
Select one:
A. waste secretion
B. absorption of nutrients
C. absorption of water
D. vitamin conversion
E. mineral secretion
10. Which one of the following is NOT
a modification (which is designed to
increase the surface area for
absorption) within the small
Select one:
A. microvilli
B. Peyer's patches
C. plicae circularis
D. villi
E. circular folds
11. Which of the following is NOT part
of the large intestines?
Select one:
A. colon
B. rectum
C. cecum
D. duodenum
E. appendix

12. Which of the following organs is
responsible for drying out
indigestible food residue through
water absorption and elimination of
Select one:
A. stomach
B. pancreas
C. small intestines
D. large intestines
E. liver

Digestive System
13. The posterior opening of the large
intestine is _______________.
Select one:
A. cecum
B. sigmoid colon
C. ileum
D. rectum
E. anus
14. Which of the following is the
substrate for the enzyme amylase?
Select one:
A. vitamins
B. starch
C. A. protein

D. fat
E. minerals
15. The number of permanent teeth
within a full set of adult teeth is
Select one:
A. 28
B. 36
C. 24
D. 32
E. 20
16. The anterior chisel-shaped teeth that
are adapted for cutting is called
Select one:
A. premolars
B. incisors
C. molars
D. wisdom teeth
E. canines
17. Which of the following accessory
digestive organ that produces
enzymes that break down all food
Select one:
A. salivary glands
B. pancreas
C. liver and gall bladder
D. liver
E. gall bladder
18. Bile is produced by the _______ but
stored in the ________.
Select one:
A. gall bladder, liver
B. gall bladder, pancreas
C. liver, gall bladder
D. liver, pancreas
E. small intestines, pancreas
19. Build up of bile within the liver
leading to bile pigments circulating
through the body could cause tissues
to turn yellow and a condition called
Select one:
A. cyanosis
B. erythromatosis
C. jaundice
D. hepatitis
E. cirrhosis
20. The sequence of steps by which large
food molecules are broken down into
their respective building blocks by
catalytic enzymes within hydrolysis
reactions is called ______.
Select one:
A. absorption
B. propulsion
C. chemical digestion
D. mechanical digestion
E. ingestion
21. Which of the following refers to the
propulsion of food from one organ to
the next?
Select one:
A. mechanical digestion
B. ingestion
C. chemical digestion
D. absorption
E. propulsion
22. Which of the following processes in
which food within the small
intestine is mixed with digestive
juices by backward and forward
movement across the internal wall of
the organ?
Select one:
A. segmentation
B. absorption
C. chemical digestion
D. defecation
E. peristalsis
23. Which one of the following is NOT
one of the carbohydrates that the
human digestive system is able to
break down to simple sugars?
Select one:
A. starch
B. maltose
C. cellulose
D. sucrose
E. lactose
24. Which of the following is the end
product of protein digestion?
Select one:
A. amino acids
B. polypeptides
C. peptides
D. fatty acids
E. glycerol

Digestive System
25. Transport of digested end products
from the lumen GI tract into the
bloodstream or lymphatic fluid is
called _______.
Select one:
A. defecation
B. absorption
C. propulsion
D. digestion
E. ingestion
26. Which of the following is NOT true
of the sensors involved in digestive
Select one:
A. they respond to the presence of
breakdown products of digestion
B. they respond to stretch of the organ by
the volume of food within its
C. they start reflexes that either activate
or inhibit digestive glands
D. they activate or inhibit lacteal
E. they respond to the relative pH content
within that particular digestive organ
27. Which of the following organs has
no digestive functions?
Select one:
A. ascending colon
B. esophagus
C. stomach
D. ileum
E. duodenum

28. Which of the following hormones is
responsible for the release of
pepsinogens, mucous and
hydrochloric acid?
Select one:
A. rennin
B. amylase
C. gastrin
D. pepsin
E. bile

29. What is responsible for converting
milk protein in the stomach to
substance that looks like sour milk in
Select one:
A. pancreatic amylase
B. pepsin
C. bile
D. rennin
E. salivary amylase
30. Which of the following nutrients
undergoes the first chemical
Select one:
A. fat
B. starch
C. minerals
D. protein
E. vitamins