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Drilling standards Workshop

Well control equipment Well control equipment


Content
1. Available standards for the Drilling industry
2. Drilling contractors on the market
3 API standards 3. API standards
4. ISO standards
5. Way forward
1 A il bl t d d f th D illi i d t 1. Available standards for the Drilling industry
1. Mostly American standards (API, NACE, ANSI etc.)
2 Some specific local regulations and standards 2. Some specific local regulations and standards
3. Operating companies in-house rules, strict and stringent, p g p , g ,
often based on lessons from blowouts
4. Butonly very few International standards
2. Drilling contractors on the market
Not just American or European ones
A i i b f t E A i t An increasing number from eastern Europe, Asia etc.
Not all contractors do followAPI standards Not all contractors do follow API standards
Hence the need to have internationally recognized
standards
3. API standards Well control equipment
Specifications:
API 16A - Drill through equipment (2004)
API 16C - Choke and Kill lines (2001)
API 16D - Control systems for BOP and diverters (2005)
API 16F - Marine drilling Riser equipment (2004)
API 16R - Marine drilling Riser couplings (1997)
API 16 RCD Rotating control devices (2005)
All these standards concern Design & Manufacturing All these standards concern Design & Manufacturing
aspects
3. API standards Well control equipment
Recommended practices:
API RP 53 - BOP equipment systems (2004)
API RP 59 - Well control operations (2006)
API RP 64 Di t t i t & ti (2007) API RP 64 - Diverter systems equipment & operations (2007)
API RP16Q - Design, selection, operation, maintenance of marine riser
systems (2001)
These are the only practical documents available to:
- install, test & use well control equipment
- harmonize practices
- contribute effectively to safeguard people safety
3. API standards Well control equipment
Recommended practices Findings:
1. Blowout reports not enough taken into account
2. Insufficient analysis of classical equipment failures 2. Insufficient analysis of classical equipment failures
3. Failure-prone systems not advised against
4. New technologies not given enough consideration
5. Only vague recommendations regarding BOP stack or
Diverter arrangements
6 Pros and Cons not sufficiently developed 6. Pros and Cons not sufficiently developed
Hence any possible interpretation is possible
Hence the high costs incurred by companies
Hence the recurrent disasters
4. ISO standards Well control equipment
1. So far only 2 standards issued
ISO 13533 (#API 16A) - ISO 13533 (#API 16A)
- ISO 13625 (#API 16R) ISO 13625 (#API 16R)
2. Two standards under preparation (Marine risers)
3. Both API and ISO Drilling well control WGs on stand by
l t i t t d i 2008 over last years, re-instated in 2008
5. Way forward
Th d illi i d t d I t ti ll i d t d d The drilling industry needs Internationally recognised standards
It requires more than vague recommendations
It needs to harmonize the companies rules under ISO umbrella
It needs to take into account lessons from disasters and take stock of
the latest technological progresses
It needs to address the present challenges (HP/HT, deepwater drilling,
etc)
It needs to address various configurations (drilling, WO, testing)
It needs to address well control issues associated with Coiled tubing It needs to address well control issues associated with Coiled tubing,
snubbing, wireline