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EXERCISE : LOCOMOTION

1. Diagram shows the picture of fish. Fishes have their


characteristics that enable them to move smoothly and
efficiently in water.
a. Label the parts of the fish as shown in the diagram.

b. State the function of each part below :


i. A :
______________________________________________________
ii. B :
______________________________________________________
iii. C :
______________________________________________________
iv. D :
______________________________________________________
v. E :
______________________________________________________
vi. F :
______________________________________________________
c. Diagram below shows the problem of locomotion in fish.

_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
ii. Describe features in the structure of the fish which helps
in its efficient locomotion
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
2. Diagram below shows a cross-sectional view of vascular bundle
of green leaf.

a. Name X and Y.
i. X :
______________________________________________________
ii. Y :
______________________________________________________
b. Describe the structural characteristic of structure X and Y.
____________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________

i. How does the fish overcome these problem ?

c. State the function of X and Y


i. X :
____________________________________________________

ii. Y :
____________________________________________________

3. Diagram below shows a type of plant tissue

a. What is the function of the tissue ?


____________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________
b. Based on the diagram shown above, describe how the
tissues are adapted for their functions.
____________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________
c. What is the importance of transpiration to the plants ?
____________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________
d. Discuss the factors that affect the rate of transpiration.
____________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________
4. Diagram shows the mouthparts of a fish during inhalation and
exhalation.

a. Identify which diagrams show the stage of inhalation or


exhalation
P :
__________________________________________________
Q :
__________________________________________________
b. On the diagram, draw arrows to show the direction of water
flow.
c. Diagram below shows the part of respiratory system of a
fish.

i. Name the structure Q show in the diagram.


_________________________________________________________

ii. Name the structure which labeled as :


M :
__________________________________________________

L :
__________________________________________________

e. Draw the changes to the thin rubber sheet and the balloon
in the diagram below if the string in the model is pulled
down

iii. State three adaptations of structure shown in the


diagram, in order to function efficiently.
1. _____________________________________________________
2. _____________________________________________________
3. _____________________________________________________
iv. State two differences between inhalation and exhalation
in fish.
1. _____________________________________________________
2. _____________________________________________________

5. Diagram shows a model how human lungs work.

a. State the equivalent structure to the glass tube and the bell
jar in human respiratory system.
Glass tube :
_________________________________________________
Bell jar :
____________________________________________________
b. What does the thin rubber sheet represent ?
____________________________________________________________
c. State the function of thin rubber sheet in the model of the
lungs.
____________________________________________________________
d. Give the characteristics of the balloons which is similar to
the human lungs.
____________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________

f.

Name the process that you draw in 5(e).


____________________________________________________________

g. Describe the process that you draw in 5 (e).


____________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________
h. Table below show the percentage of oxygen and carbon
dioxide of inspired and expired air.
Type of air
Inspired air (%)
Expired air (%)
Oxygen
21
0.03
Carbon dioxide
16
4
Why there is an increase in the percentage of carbon
dioxide and the decrease of oxygen in expired air ?
____________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________
6. Diagram shows the steps in a cell division.

ii. _______________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________
_
7. Diagram shows a phase in mitosis.

a. Identify the type of cell division.


____________________________________________________________
b. Name the parts of human body in human cell undergo the
process shown:
Male :
_______________________________________________
Female :
_____________________________________________
c. State two parts of a plant in which the same process take
place.
i. _______________________________________________________
_
ii. _______________________________________________________
_
d. Explain briefly what happen in M.
____________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________
e. Name the stages label as :
i. N :
____________________________________________________
ii. W :
___________________________________________________
f.

Give two differences between N and W.


i. _______________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________
__

a. Based on the information given in the diagram name the


part labeled :
P :
___________________________________________________
Q :
__________________________________________________
b. Name the phase shown in the diagram
___________________________________________________________
c. Name the phase before and after the phase shown in the
diagram.
i. Before :
________________________________________________
ii. After :
_________________________________________________
d. Based on your answer in (c), state two characteristic of
each phase
i. Before :
_______________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________
__
ii. _______________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________
_
e. State three importance of mitosis.
i. _______________________________________________________
_
ii. _______________________________________________________
_

iii. _______________________________________________________
_
8. Diagram shows the structure of plasma membrane.

a. State the parts labeled


i. P :
____________________________________________________
ii. Q :
____________________________________________________
b. Give one characteristics of :
i. P :
____________________________________________________
ii. Q :
____________________________________________________
c. Based on your answer in (b), explain briefly how the
characteristic affects the parts.
i. _______________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________
___
ii. _______________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________
___
d. Diagram shows the conditions of the plant cells X, Y and Z
after immersed in different concentration of sucrose for 30
minutes.

i. Which of the following are true about solution X, Y and


Z? Tick (V) for the correct answer.
Isotonic
Hypertonic
Hypotonic
X

Y
Z
ii. Explain briefly the movement of water molecules in the
following cells.
1. X :
________________________________________________
___________________________________________________
___________________________________________________
___________________________________________________
2. Y :
________________________________________________
___________________________________________________
___________________________________________________
___________________________________________________
3. Z :
________________________________________________
___________________________________________________
___________________________________________________
___________________________________________________
9. Diagram shows the human digestive system.

a. Based on the diagram, list down all the components of


human alimentary canal
_____________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________
b. Explain how the components named n (a) aids in human
digestion.
_____________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________

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10. f
11. E
12. E