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Primary contact: Richard L. Britton on 966-3-8746162

CopyrightSaudi Aramco 2010. All rights reserved.

Materials System Specification
34-SAMSS-525 28 November 2010
Automatic Sampling Systems
for Crude Oil and Refined Products
Document Responsibility: Custody Measurement Standards Committee














Saudi Aramco DeskTop Standards

Table of Contents

1 Scope............................................................. 2
2 Conflicts and Deviations................................ 2
3 References..................................................... 2
4 Definitions and Abbreviations......................... 4
5 Information Required with the Quotation....... 7
6 General Requirements................................... 7
7 Design Requirements................................... 10
8 Equipment Requirements............................. 13
9 Fabrication and Assembly............................ 21
10 Identification Tagging................................... 22
11 Testing and Inspection................................. 23
12 Preparation for Shipment............................. 24
13 Other Miscellaneous Requirements............. 26





Document Responsibility: Custody Measurement 34-SAMSS-525
Issue Date: 28 November 2010 Automatic Sampling Systems
Next Planned Update: 28 November 2015 for Crude Oil and Refined Products


Page 2 of 26

1 Scope
1.1 This specification, together with the instrument specification sheet, defines the
minimum mandatory requirements for automatic sampling systems and
associated equipment used to obtain representative samples of crude oil and
refined products.
1.2 This specification does not apply to sampling applications involving hydrocarbon
liquids whose vapor pressures are above 101.32 kilopascals (14.7 psia) (e.g.,
liquefied natural gas and liquefied petroleum gases) and asphalt.
2 Conflicts and Deviations
2.1 Any conflicts between this specification, other applicable Saudi Aramco
Materials System Specifications (SAMSSs), Engineering Standards (SAESs),
Standard Drawings (SASDs), industry standards, codes, or forms shall be
resolved in writing by the Company or Buyer Representative through the
Manager, Process & Control Systems Department of Saudi Aramco, Dhahran.
2.2 Direct all requests to deviate from this specification in writing to the Company or
Buyer Representative, who shall follow internal company procedure SAEP-302
and forward such requests to the Manager, Process & Control Systems
Department of Saudi Aramco, Dhahran.
2.3 Direct all requests for interpretation of this specification in writing to the
Company or Buyer Representative who shall forward them to the Chairman,
Custody Measurement Standards Committee for resolution. The Chairman,
Custody Measurement Standards Committee shall be solely responsible for
determining whether a proposed installation meets the requirements of this
specification.
3 References
Material or equipment supplied to this specification shall comply with the latest edition
of the references listed below, unless otherwise noted.
3.1 Saudi Aramco References
Saudi Aramco Engineering Procedure
SAEP-302 Instructions for Obtaining a Waiver of a
Mandatory Saudi Aramco Engineering
Requirement
Document Responsibility: Custody Measurement 34-SAMSS-525
Issue Date: 28 November 2010 Automatic Sampling Systems
Next Planned Update: 28 November 2015 for Crude Oil and Refined Products


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Saudi Aramco Engineering Standards
SAES-A-112 Meteorological and Seismic Design Data
SAES-J-003 Instrumentation Basic Design Criteria
Saudi Aramco Materials System Specifications
01-SAMSS-010 Fabrication of Carbon Steel Piping
01-SAMSS-016 Qualification of Pipeline and Pressure Vessel
Steel for Resistance to Hydrogen Induced
Cracking
01-SAMSS-017 Auxiliary Piping for Mechanical Equipment
09-SAMSS-035 Qualification Requirements for Aluminum-
Pigmented Alkyd Coating System (APCS-4)
09-SAMSS-069 Qualification Requirements for Epoxy Coating for
Atmospheric Service
09-SAMSS-071 Qualification Requirements for Inorganic Zinc
Primer (APCS-17A) and (APCS-17B)
17-SAMSS-503 Severe-Duty, Totally Enclosed, Squirrel Cage
Induction Motors to 250 HP
17-SAMSS-515 Auxiliary Electrical System for Skid Mounted
Equipment
34-SAMSS-831 Instrumentation for Packaged Units
Saudi Aramco Forms and Data Sheets
SA 8020-525-ENG Instrument Specification Sheet for Hydrocarbon
Liquid Sampling Systems
SA NMR-7907 Nonmaterial Requirements for Instrumentation
(General)
Saudi Aramco Inspection Requirements
Form 175-347500 Automatic Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum
Products
3.2 Industry Codes and Standards
American Petroleum Institute Manual of Petroleum Measurement Standards
Chapter 8.2 Standard Practice for Automatic Sampling of
Liquid Petroleum and Petroleum Products
Document Responsibility: Custody Measurement 34-SAMSS-525
Issue Date: 28 November 2010 Automatic Sampling Systems
Next Planned Update: 28 November 2015 for Crude Oil and Refined Products


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Chapter 8.3 Standard Practice for Mixing and Handling of
Liquid Samples of Petroleum and Petroleum
Products
American National Standards Institute
ANSI C84.1 Electrical Power Systems and Equipment -
Voltage Ratings (60 Hertz)
American Society of Mechanical Engineers
ASME B73.1 Specification for Horizontal End Suction
Centrifugal Pumps for Chemical Process
ASME/ANSI B31.3 Process Piping
4 Definitions and Abbreviations
4.1 Definitions
Controller: A device that governs the operation of the sample extractor.
Custody Transfer Measurement: A specialized form of measurement that
provides quantity and quality information used for the physical and fiscal
documentation of a change in ownership and/or responsibility of commodities.
The following measurements are custody transfer measurements:
Measurement of hydrocarbon liquid or gas movements (deliveries or
receipts) between Saudi Aramco and its customers, suppliers, or transport
contractors.
Measurement of hydrocarbon liquid or gas transfers between Saudi Aramco
refineries, fractionation plants, bulk plants, terminals, pipelines, VELA
ships, etc., where the measurement is used for accounting or loss control.
Extractor: A device that removes a sample (grab) from a pipeline or fast loop.
Fast loop: The probe, piping and pump used to withdraw a representative
portion of a stream from the mainline piping and re-inject it back into the
mainline.
Fast loop sampling: Sampling performed from a low volume bypass diverted
from the main pipeline.
Flow proportional sample: A sample taken from a pipe at a rate that is
proportional to the flow rate of the fluid in the pipe.
Document Responsibility: Custody Measurement 34-SAMSS-525
Issue Date: 28 November 2010 Automatic Sampling Systems
Next Planned Update: 28 November 2015 for Crude Oil and Refined Products


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Grab: The volume of sample extracted from a pipeline by a single actuation of
the sample extractor.
Homogenous: When a liquid composition is the same at all points in the
container, tank, or pipeline cross section.
Isokinetic sampling: Sampling in such a manner that the linear velocity of the
liquid through the opening of the sampling probe is equal to the linear velocity
of the liquid in the pipeline at the sampling location and is in the same direction
as the bulk of the liquid in the pipeline approaching the sampling probe.
Inline sampling: A type of automatic sampling in which the sample extractor
draws the sample directly from the mainline.
Jet mixer: A power mixer in which a portion of the stream is withdrawn and re-
injected into the main stream through one or more jet nozzles.
Meter Station: A facility that is primarily dedicated to the measurement of the
quantity and quality of a liquid or gas hydrocarbon. The facility may include,
but not be limited to storage tanks, pipelines, piping, regulators, valves,
strainers/filters, flow straightening and conditioning equipment, samplers,
measurement elements, provers, Remote Terminal Units (RTU), pumps,
communications (data and SA telephone), metering shelter, UPS, area fencing,
area paving, area lighting, ESD valve systems and associated instrumentation,
alarms, computers with software programs, peripheral equipment and associated
control functions.
Metering System: A complete assembly of equipment that is designed to
measure the quantity and quality of a liquid or gas hydrocarbon. The metering
system may include, but is not limited to, the meter skid, prover skid, samplers,
and control system.
Parcel size: The total quantity of hydrocarbon measured in a royalty or custody
transfer.
Power mixer: A device that uses an external source of power to achieve stream
conditioning.
Probe: A specially designed section of pipe that is inserted into the main stream
for the purpose of directing a representative portion of the stream into a fast loop.
Representative sample: A portion extracted from a total volume that contains
the constituents in the same proportions that are present in the total volume.
Royalty Measurement: A specialized form of measurement that is used as the
basis for paying royalty to the Saudi Arabian Government.
Document Responsibility: Custody Measurement 34-SAMSS-525
Issue Date: 28 November 2010 Automatic Sampling Systems
Next Planned Update: 28 November 2015 for Crude Oil and Refined Products


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Sample Collection Tap: A connection in the mixing loop where a small sample
is withdrawn into laboratory glassware or a portable sample container.
Sample Pacing Meter: A meter specifically provided to generate a flow signal
for the purpose of obtaining a flow proportional sample.
Sample Receiver: A fixed or portable vessel in which the sample from the
extractor is collected.
Sample Mixing System: A system used to homogenize a hydrocarbon sample
in a sample receiver in preparation for collecting an aliquot(s) for laboratory
analysis and/or retention. The system generally includes a circulation pump,
static mixer, piping and sample collection tap.
Sampling Interval: The time between successive grab of a sample extractor
(sec/grab).
Sampling Rate: The volume of hydrocarbon transferred for which each grab
taken by sample extractor is representative (cubic meters per grab or barrels per
grab).
Static mixer: A device that utilizes the kinetic energy of the flowing fluid to
achieve stream conditioning.
Stream conditioning: The mixing of a flowing stream so that a representative
sample may be extracted.
Time proportional sample: A sample taken from a pipe at a rate that is
proportional to a uniform time interval.
Vendor: The party that supplies or sells integrated metering systems, metering
equipment, or components.
Worst case conditions: The operating flow rate, viscosity and density that
produce the most non-uniform dispersion of the streams constituents at the
sample probe or extractor.
Commentary Note:
The combination of lowest flow rate, density and viscosity normally pose the
worst case conditions.
4.2 Abbreviations
API MPMS - American Petroleum Institute Manual of Petroleum
Measurement Standards
Document Responsibility: Custody Measurement 34-SAMSS-525
Issue Date: 28 November 2010 Automatic Sampling Systems
Next Planned Update: 28 November 2015 for Crude Oil and Refined Products


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5 Information Required with the Quotation
The Vendor shall provide a completed Instrument Specification Sheet, Form
8020-525-ENG that includes information not previously annotated.
The Vendor shall furnish the following information, as applicable:
Preliminary design data (elevation of connection on the closure for the sample line
from the extractor)
Stream conditioning requirements (method, location of probe/extractor in relation to
stream conditioning device, minimum mainline flow rate/velocity)
API MPMS Chapter 8.2, Appendix B Calculations (if applicable)
Extractor specification (maximum grabs per minute)
Type and size of sample receivers
Sample mixing pump and motor specifications
Hydraulic system specification (if applicable)
Preliminary design data for fast loop (design flow rate, line size, probe dimensions,
pump and motor specifications, location of the extractor) (if applicable)
Preliminary design data for jet mixer system (design flow rate, line size, dimensions
of the probe (suction quill) (if required), injection nozzle dimensions, pump and
motor specifications) (if applicable)
Preliminary design data for static mixer (manufacturer, model, size, design flow
range, pressure drop at maximum flow rate) (if applicable)
Special installation instructions
6 General Requirements
6.1 Application
The sampling system and associated equipment shall be furnished in accordance
with the information specified on the Instrument Specification Sheet, Form
8020-525-ENG.
If samples are to be collected from more than one point and deposited into a
common sample receiver (e.g., multiple ship loading arms, etc.), the other
equipment required shall be as specified on additional Instrument Specification
Sheet(s), Form(s) 8020-525-ENG.
Document Responsibility: Custody Measurement 34-SAMSS-525
Issue Date: 28 November 2010 Automatic Sampling Systems
Next Planned Update: 28 November 2015 for Crude Oil and Refined Products


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6.2 Scope of Supply
The Vendor shall supply a complete sampling system that includes the following
major components as a minimum:
Extractor(s)
Controller(s)
Performance verification device(s)
Sample receiver 3-way valve or manifold
Local control panel
Sample receivers
Sample mixing system
Equipment enclosure
Heating system (if required to maintain sample temperature)
In addition, the Vendor shall furnish the following associated items if required
for the application or when specified on the Instrument Specification Sheet,
Form 8020-525-ENG:
Sample pacing meter
Fast loop probe, pump/motor and flow switch
J et mixer probe (suction quill) (if required), pump/motor, injection nozzle,
and flow switch
Static mixer and differential pressure indicating switch
Spare portable receiver(s)
The Vendor shall provide all tools and accessories required for maintenance of
the sampling equipment, including but not limited to, special tools required to
install and remove the extractor, sample pacing meter, fast loop probe, jet mixer
probe, and jet mixer nozzle from the mainline while it is under pressure.
The Vendor shall provide onsite support for testing of the sampling systems and
associated equipment, and training of operations and maintenance personnel.
The following items will be furnished by others if applicable:
Fast loop interconnecting piping and valves
J et mixer interconnecting piping and valves
Document Responsibility: Custody Measurement 34-SAMSS-525
Issue Date: 28 November 2010 Automatic Sampling Systems
Next Planned Update: 28 November 2015 for Crude Oil and Refined Products


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6.3 Environmental Conditions
The sampling system and associated equipment shall be suitable for installation
in the applicable environment specified in SAES-A-112 and shall meet the
environmental requirements specified in 34-SAMSS-831.
6.4 Piping
Piping and tubing shall be designed for the maximum operating pressure
specified on the Instrument Specification Sheet, Form 8020-525-ENG.
Piping and piping components shall be designed, fabricated and tested in
accordance with ASME/ANSI B31.3, 01-SAMSS-010 and 01-SAMSS-017.
Piping and piping components shall also meet the requirements of
01-SAMSS-016 when sour crude oil is specified as the hydrocarbon to be
sampled on the Instrument Specification Sheet, Form 8020-525-ENG.
Tubing shall conform to the requirements specified in 34-SAMSS-831.
6.5 Electrical
6.5.1 General
All electrical equipment shall meet the requirements of 17-SAMSS-515
and 34-SAMSS-831.
Electrical equipment installed within the sampling system enclosure shall
be certified for use in a Class I, Zone 1, Group IIa/IIb area.
All other electrical components shall be certified for use in the electrical
area classification specified on the Instrument Specification Sheet, Form
8020-525-ENG.
Equipment certifications shall conform to the requirements set forth in
34-SAMSS-831.
6.5.2 Voltage Variations
Electrical equipment shall be capable of operating within the voltage
limits below:
AC Voltage
AC voltage variations as specified in ANSI C84.1, Table 1.
Document Responsibility: Custody Measurement 34-SAMSS-525
Issue Date: 28 November 2010 Automatic Sampling Systems
Next Planned Update: 28 November 2015 for Crude Oil and Refined Products


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DC Voltage
DC voltage variations as follows:

Minimum Nominal Supply Voltage Maximum
43 V 48 V 53 V
21 V 24 V 28 V
11 V 12 V 16 V

6.6 Instrumentation
Instrumentation shall meet the requirements of SAES-J-003 and 34-SAMSS-831.
7 Design Requirements
7.1 System Design
The sampling system and associated equipment shall be designed in accordance
with API MPMS Chapter 8.2.
Unless otherwise specified on the Instrument Specification Sheet, Form
8020-525-ENG, an inline sampling system shall be provided.
The number of extractors (streams to be sampled) shall be as specified by the
Instrument Specification Sheet(s), Form(s) 8020-525-ENG.
The number of sample receivers shall be as specified on the primary Instrument
Specification Sheet, Form 8020-525-ENG. In all cases, at least two sample
receivers shall be furnished.
Unless otherwise specified on the Instrument Specification Sheet, Form
8020-525-ENG, each extractor shall be installed in the horizontal plane.
A controller shall be furnished to control the operation of each extractor.
A local control panel shall be provided.
The following equipment shall be assembled in an enclosure:
Sample receivers
Sample receiver 3-way valve or manifold
Performance monitoring devices
Sample mixing system (stationary receivers only)
Document Responsibility: Custody Measurement 34-SAMSS-525
Issue Date: 28 November 2010 Automatic Sampling Systems
Next Planned Update: 28 November 2015 for Crude Oil and Refined Products


Page 11 of 26
7.2 Stream Conditioning
Each sample extractor and fast loop probe shall be located at a point where the
stream is homogeneous.
The Vendor shall be responsible for selecting an appropriate method of stream
conditioning when not specified on the Instrument Specification Sheet, Form
8020-525-ENG. The Vendor shall also specify the appropriate location for the
extractor or sample probe in relation to the stream conditioning device.
Commentary Note:
Normally, the extractor or sample probe will be located 3 to 10 pipe diameters
downstream of piping elements or a jet mixer.
7.2.1 Acceptable Methods
One of the following methods shall be used to create a homogeneous
stream for obtaining a representative sample:
J et mixer
Static mixer
Mixing elements (tees, elbows, reducers)
7.2.2 Selection Criteria
When crude oil is specified on the Instrument Specification Sheet, Form
8020-525-ENG, the method of stream conditioning shall be selected
based on the requirements specified in API MPMS Chapter 8.2, Table 1
and Appendix B using the worst case conditions.
When a refined product is specified, the method of stream conditioning
shall be selected based on the requirements specified in API MPMS
Chapter 8.2, Table 1 using the worst case conditions.
7.3 Sampling Rate
The design sampling rate for each extractor shall be selected to provide:
1) A total sample volume of at least 10 liters (2.64 gallons) and 2) At least one
grab per volume contained within 25 meters (82 feet) of the main stream pipe.
The sampling rate for the first criteria may be calculated as follows:
Sampling Rate, m3/grab 0.0001000 * PV
min
* b or
Sampling Rate, bbl/grab 0.0001000 * pv
min
* b
Document Responsibility: Custody Measurement 34-SAMSS-525
Issue Date: 28 November 2010 Automatic Sampling Systems
Next Planned Update: 28 November 2015 for Crude Oil and Refined Products


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Where:
b = Grab size for one activation of the extractor, cubic
centimeters/grab
PV
min
= Minimum parcel volume, cubic meters
pv
min
= Minimum parcel volume, barrels
The sampling rate for the later criteria may be calculated as follows:
Sampling Rate, m/grab 0.00019592 * D or
Sampling Rate, bbl/grab 0.079548 * d
Where:
D = Nominal diameter of the mainline carrying the stream
being sampled, millimeters
d = Nominal diameter of the mainline carrying the stream
being sampled, inches
7.4 Sample Volume
The design sample volume shall be equal to or greater than 1.25 times the
required sample volume when sampling at the design sampling rate for the
maximum parcel size specified on the Instrument Specification Sheet, Form
8020-525-ENG. The design sample volume may be calculated as follows:
Design Sample Volume, liters 0.00125 * b * PV
max
/ DSR or
Design Sample Volume, gallons 0.000330 * b * pv
max
/ dsr
Where:
b = Grab size for one activation of the extractor, cubic
centimeters/grab
PV
max
= Maximum parcel volume, cubic meters
pv
max
= Maximum parcel volume, barrels
DSR = Design sampling rate based on minimum sample volume
and one grab for every 25 meters of mainline volume,
cubic meters/grab
dsr = Design sampling rate based on minimum sample volume
and one grab for every 82 feet of mainline volume,
barrels/grab
Document Responsibility: Custody Measurement 34-SAMSS-525
Issue Date: 28 November 2010 Automatic Sampling Systems
Next Planned Update: 28 November 2015 for Crude Oil and Refined Products


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If samples are to be collected from more than one point and deposited into a
common sample receiver (e.g., multiple ship loading arms, etc.), the design
sample volume shall equal the sum of the sample volumes from individual
extractors as calculated above.
8 Equipment Requirements
8.1 General
Process-wetted equipment shall be compatible with the hydrocarbon being
sampled under the operating conditions specified on the Instrument
Specification Sheet, Form 8020-525-ENG.
8.2 Extractor
The extractor shall be designed to ensure isokinetic sampling. The extractor
shall be designed to permit continuous flow through the capture chamber at a
velocity identical to that of the main stream whenever the sampler is not in the
process of retrieving a sample grab.
The extractor shall be designed to collect a uniform, non-adjustable grab of
1 cubic centimeter or more for each actuation of its actuator. The grab size shall
be repeatable within 5% over the range of operating conditions.
The extractor shall be capable of operating at a minimum line pressure of 5 psig.
The inlet to the extractor shall be a minimum of 6 millimeters ( inch) in
diameter.
The extractor shall be constructed so its inlet can be positioned in the center one-
third of the mainline or fast loop with the opening facing upstream.
The extractor shall have sufficient strength and rigidity to prevent vibration at all
possible flow rates in the mainline or fast loop.
When installed directly in the mainline, the extractor shall be capable of being
installed and removed through a full port ball or gate valve while the mainline is
under pressure. The extractor shall be equipped with a safety mechanism to
prevent its accidental ejection during installation and removal.
The extractor shall be marked to indicate the intended direction of flow.
The extractor shall be powered by an electric, electrohydraulic or pneumatic
actuator as specified on the Instrument Specification Sheet, Form 8020-525-ENG.
Document Responsibility: Custody Measurement 34-SAMSS-525
Issue Date: 28 November 2010 Automatic Sampling Systems
Next Planned Update: 28 November 2015 for Crude Oil and Refined Products


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The extractor and actuator shall be capable of operating at a frequency
consistent with the calculated design sampling rate and the maximum flow rate
of the main stream. In all cases, the extractor and actuator shall be capable of
obtaining a minimum of 20 grabs per minute.
A means shall be provided to visibly monitor proper operation of the extractor.
8.3 Control Equipment
8.3.1 Controller
The controller shall be suitable for installation with the sampling system
or in a remote control room as specified on the Instrument Specification
Sheet, Form 8020-525-ENG.
The controller shall be capable of signaling activation of the extractor at
a configurable sampling rate based on the flow rate in the main line or a
configurable time interval.
The controller shall be capable of accepting the following input signals,
as a minimum:
Pulse signal from Buyers custody transfer meter or metering system;
pulse signal from Vendors insertion turbine or ultrasonic meter; or
analog (4-20 mA) signal from Buyers differential pressure or other
sample pacing meter
Analog or digital signals from the sample container level devices or
weigh scales, as applicable
Pulse signal from the grab verification device
Discrete signal from the fast loop or jet mixer loop no-flow switch,
or the static mixer high differential pressure switch
The controller shall have the following output signals, as a minimum:
Pulse signal to the extractor
Discrete signal for local sampling system alarm
Discrete signal(s) to the sample receiver solenoid operated 3-way
valve or manifold valves
The controller shall have a control panel and display, and at least one
RS232, RS422 or RS485 serial port capable of communicating with
MODBUS RTU protocol. The controller shall be capable of accepting
Document Responsibility: Custody Measurement 34-SAMSS-525
Issue Date: 28 November 2010 Automatic Sampling Systems
Next Planned Update: 28 November 2015 for Crude Oil and Refined Products


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the following system parameters or commands via the control panel or
remotely via the serial link:
Start/Stop/Reset
Parcel size
Required sample volume
Pacing method (time proportional or flow proportional)
Sampling interval (seconds per grab) or sampling rate (cubic meters
per grab or barrels per grab)
Active receiver
The controller shall be capable of displaying and serially communicating
the following system status:
Date and time
Active receiver
Current flow rate
Volume of hydrocarbon from which sample has been collected
Number of grabs taken for current parcel
Total weight/volume of sample in active receiver
Ratio of sample volume to receiver volume, percent
Individual alarms (loss of power, loss of flow signal, high
level/weight, loss of sample flow to receiver, low-flow in the fast
loop, low-flow in jet mixer loop, high differential pressure across
static mixer)
8.3.2 Performance Monitoring Device(s)
A means (e.g., bite checker, etc.) shall be provided to verify that grabs
are actually being taken by the extractor when signaled by the controller.
When portable receivers are specified on the Instrument Specification
Sheet, Form 8020-525-ENG, a weigh system with a tare function shall
be provided for each receiver.
8.3.3 Sample Receiver 3-Way Valve/Manifold
A solenoid operated 3-way valve or a manifold with close-coupled
solenoid operated valves shall be installed between the extractor(s) and
Document Responsibility: Custody Measurement 34-SAMSS-525
Issue Date: 28 November 2010 Automatic Sampling Systems
Next Planned Update: 28 November 2015 for Crude Oil and Refined Products


Page 16 of 26
sample receivers for use in directing the sample(s) to a particular sample
receiver.
8.3.4 Local Control Panel(s)
The local control panel shall have individual switches for energizing the
following system components:
Extractor actuator(s)
Mixing pump
Sample receiver 3-way valve or manifold valves
Heater (if furnished)
If the Instrument Specification Sheet, Form 8020-525-ENG, specifies the
controller is to be located in a remote control room, a local selector
switch(es) shall be provided for designating the active receiver.
If the Instrument Specification Sheet, Form 8020-525-ENG, specifies the
controller is to be located in a remote control room, alarm indications
shall be provided for the following conditions:
Loss of power
Loss of flow signal
Receiver high level/weight
Loss of sample flow to receiver
Low-flow in the fast loop (if applicable)
Low-flow in jet mixer loop (if applicable)
High differential pressure across static mixer (if applicable)
8.4 Sample Receivers
8.4.1 General
The size of the sample receivers shall be as designated on the Instrument
Specification Sheet, Form 8020-525-ENG and shall be equal to or
greater than the design sample volume.
The type of sample receiver shall be as designated on the Instrument
Specification Sheet, Form 8020-525-ENG and shall be consistent with
the following maximum limits:
Stationary receiver 151 liters (40 gallons)
Document Responsibility: Custody Measurement 34-SAMSS-525
Issue Date: 28 November 2010 Automatic Sampling Systems
Next Planned Update: 28 November 2015 for Crude Oil and Refined Products


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Portable receiver 19 liters (5 gallons)
The following requirements shall apply to all sample receivers, whether
stationary or portable:
A relief valve shall be furnished to protect each receiver from
overpressure. The relief valve shall have a set pressure of at least
10 psig, but not more than either the maximum operating pressure of
the receiver or the maximum operating pressure of the mainline from
which the sample will be collected.
A vacuum breaker shall be furnished to permit sample withdrawal
when the receiver is closed.
Each receiver shall be fitted with a nozzle to enhance mixing.
A pressure gauge shall be furnished on each sample receiver.
A means shall be provided to permit securing and sealing each
receiver closed with a lead and wire seal.
Each receiver shall be free of internal pockets and dead spots.
8.4.2 Stationary Receivers
Stationary receivers shall be constructed from either 304 stainless steel
or carbon steel as specified on the Instrument Specification Sheet, Form
8020-525-ENG. Receivers that are constructed from carbon steel shall
be internally coated with the Vendors standard epoxy coating.
A hinged, quick opening closure at least 200 millimeters (8 inches) in
diameter shall be provided on each stationary receiver. The closure shall
have an o-ring seal that is compatible with the material being sampled.
No piping connections shall be installed on the closure.
Each stationary receiver shall be fitted with a full-length armored sight
glass. Connection and valves shall be provided at the top and bottom of
the sight glass so it can be drained and swabbed in situ.
Connections for the pressure relief valve, pressure gauge, vacuum
breaker and sample line shall be located directly under the juncture
between the closure and the main body of the receiver.
Each stationary receiver shall have a bottom drain connection.
Each stationary receiver shall be fitted with devices for measuring and
remotely indicating the liquid level and activating an alarm for high
Document Responsibility: Custody Measurement 34-SAMSS-525
Issue Date: 28 November 2010 Automatic Sampling Systems
Next Planned Update: 28 November 2015 for Crude Oil and Refined Products


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liquid level.
8.4.3 Portable Receivers
Portable receivers shall be constructed from 304 stainless steel.
A quick release closure shall be provided on each portable sample
receiver. The closure shall have an o-ring seal that is compatible with
the material being sampled.
Connections for the pressure relief valve, pressure gauge, vacuum
breaker, sample line, and the mixing system shall be located on the top
of the receiver.
8.5 Sample Mixing System
8.5.1 General
When stationary receivers are specified on the Instrument Specification
Sheet, Form 8020-525-ENG, a permanently installed mixing system
shall be furnished as part of the sampling system. The system shall
consist of a pump and motor, inline static mixer, sample collection tap,
inlet and outlet valves to each receiver and associated piping.
When portable receivers are specified on the Instrument Specification
Sheet, Form 8020-525-ENG, an independent mixing system shall be
furnished as part of a sampling system. The mixing system shall consist
of a pump and motor, inline static mixer, sample collection tap, and inlet
and outlet hoses with quick coupling connections compatible with the
connections provided on the receivers.
8.5.2 Pump/Motor
A gear-type positive displacement pump shall be provided. The pump
shall have sufficient capacity to circulate the maximum volume of the
receiver once every minute.
The motor for the mixing pump shall meet the requirements of
17-SAMSS-503.
8.5.3 Piping/Tubing
A sample collection tap consisting of a 316 stainless steel full-port ball
valve and a bent tube shall be provided to facilitate collection of the
sample directly into the laboratory glassware or sample container.
Document Responsibility: Custody Measurement 34-SAMSS-525
Issue Date: 28 November 2010 Automatic Sampling Systems
Next Planned Update: 28 November 2015 for Crude Oil and Refined Products


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A static mixer shall be provided immediately upstream of the sample
collection tap.
8.6 Fast Loop (if required)
The fast loop shall be designed to ensure the velocity is between 50 and 200% of
the maximum velocity in the main stream. The fast loop shall also be designed
to ensure the stream is maintained in a homogeneous state through the extractor.
8.6.1 Probe
The inlet shall be a minimum of 25 millimeters (1 inch) in diameter.
The fast loop probe shall have a 45 degree chamfer or 90 degree short
radius elbow inlet. The inlet to the probe shall be internally beveled.
The fast loop probe shall be fabricated so that its inlet can be positioned
in the center one-third of the mainline with the opening facing upstream.
The fast loop probe shall be capable of being installed and removed
through a full port ball or gate valve while the mainline is under
pressure. The probe shall be equipped with a safety mechanism to
prevent its accidental ejection during installation and removal.
The fast loop probe shall be marked to indicate the intended direction of
flow.
8.6.2 Pump/Motor
The fast loop pump shall meet the requirements of ANSI B73.1.
The motor for the fast loop pump shall meet the requirements of
17-SAMSS-503.
The pump and motor shall be magnetically coupled.
8.6.3 Piping
The fast loop piping shall be designed in accordance with
ASME/ANSI B31.3.
The fast loop interconnecting piping and valves shall be furnished by
others based on the Vendors design requirements.
The internal diameter of the fast loop piping shall be greater than that of
the fast loop probe.
Document Responsibility: Custody Measurement 34-SAMSS-525
Issue Date: 28 November 2010 Automatic Sampling Systems
Next Planned Update: 28 November 2015 for Crude Oil and Refined Products


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8.7 J et Mixer (if required)
8.7.1 Probe (Suction Quill) (if required)
The jet mixer probe (suction quill) shall be designed, fabricated and
tested in accordance with ASME/ANSI B31.3.
The jet mixer probe (suction quill) shall be capable of being installed and
removed through a full port ball or gate valve while the mainline is under
pressure. The probe (suction quill) shall be equipped with a safety
mechanism to prevent its accidental ejection during installation and
removal.
The jet mixer probe (suction quill) shall be marked to indicate the
intended direction of flow.
8.7.2 Injection Nozzle
The jet mixer injection nozzle shall be designed, fabricated and tested in
accordance with ASME/ANSI B31.3.
The jet mixer injection nozzle shall be capable of being installed and
removed through a full port ball or gate valve while the mainline is under
pressure. The injection nozzle shall be equipped with a safety mechanism
to prevent its accidental ejection during installation and removal.
8.7.3 Pump/Motor
The jet mixer pump shall meet the requirements of ASME B73.1.
The motor for the jet mixer pump shall meet the requirements of
17-SAMSS-503.
The pump and motor shall be magnetically coupled.
8.7.4 Piping
The jet mixer interconnecting piping and valves shall be furnished by
others based on the Vendors design requirements.
The jet mixer piping shall be designed to limit the velocity to a
maximum of 4.6 meters per second (15 feet per second).
8.8 Static Mixer (if required)
The static mixer shall be Komax Type CT or equal and shall be designed,
fabricated and tested in accordance with ASME/ANSI B31.3.
Document Responsibility: Custody Measurement 34-SAMSS-525
Issue Date: 28 November 2010 Automatic Sampling Systems
Next Planned Update: 28 November 2015 for Crude Oil and Refined Products


Page 21 of 26
The operating range of the static mixer shall be consistent with the flow range
specified on the Instrument Specification Sheet, Form 8020-525-ENG.
A flanged connection for installation of the extractor or fast loop probe shall be
provided on the static mixer.
The static mixer shall be marked to indicate the intended direction of flow and
the proper orientation when installed in a horizontal pipe.
8.9 Sample Pacing Meter (if required)
The sample pacing meter shall be one of the following types of meters:
Insertion turbine meter
Insertion ultrasonic meter
The meter shall have a linearity of 2% over a flow range of at least 10:1 and a
repeatability of 0.2% or better.
The meter shall be marked to indicate the intended direction of flow.
8.10 Equipment Enclosure
The enclosure shall be constructed of stainless steel.
The enclosure shall be of sufficient size to permit removal of the portable
sample receivers or cleaning of stationary sample receivers, as applicable, and
maintenance of the equipment contained within.
The enclosure shall have vents that provide sufficient natural ventilation to
prevent accumulation of flammable and toxic gases inside the enclosure.
The enclosure shall also have a bottom drain.
If required, the enclosure shall be insulated and a heater shall be provided to
maintain the temperature of the samples contained in the enclosure within the
limits specified on the Instrument Specification Sheet, Form 8020-525-ENG.
9 Fabrication and Assembly
9.1 Layout
Sample lines shall be installed with the maximum continuous downward slope
to the sample receivers.
The sample lines shall be installed and fittings strategically placed so that the
lines can be blown down or easily removed if they become plugged.
Document Responsibility: Custody Measurement 34-SAMSS-525
Issue Date: 28 November 2010 Automatic Sampling Systems
Next Planned Update: 28 November 2015 for Crude Oil and Refined Products


Page 22 of 26
Valves and connections shall be installed to permit the sample line(s) and
receiver to be purged with nitrogen or flushed with a solvent.
The mixing system piping shall be arranged so as to minimize deadlegs and to
allow complete drainage of the system piping and the stationary sample
receivers (if applicable).
9.2 Painting and Coating
9.2.1 Painting
Unless specified otherwise in the purchase order or approved by the
Buyer, the exterior of aluminum and non-galvanized steel surfaces shall
be painted in accordance with the environment in which the equipment
will be installed:
Onshore
Aluminum pigmented alkyd coating with primer in accordance with
09-SAMSS-035.
Offshore
Catalytically cured epoxy or phenolic epoxy with inorganic zinc primer
in accordance with 09-SAMSS-069 and 09-SAMSS-071.
Commentary Note:
The vendor may propose an alternative surface preparation and coating
for Buyer's approval.
9.2.2 Coating
Sample receivers that are constructed from carbon steel shall be
internally coated with Vendors standard epoxy coating.
10 Identification Tagging
10.1 Sampling System
The following information shall be stamped/embossed on the stainless steel tag
permanently attached to the sampling system enclosure:
Manufacturer
Part/Model No.
Serial No.
Document Responsibility: Custody Measurement 34-SAMSS-525
Issue Date: 28 November 2010 Automatic Sampling Systems
Next Planned Update: 28 November 2015 for Crude Oil and Refined Products


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Purchase Order No.
Tag No.
10.2 Static Mixer (if furnished)
If a static mixer is furnished, the following information shall be
stamped/embossed on the stainless steel tag permanently attached to the static
mixer:
Manufacturer
Part/Model No.
Serial No.
Purchase Order No.
Tag No.
Nominal Size
Flange Rating
Design Flow Range
Maximum Pressure Drop
11 Testing and Inspection
Material furnished under this specification shall be subject to the minimum inspection
requirements specified in Saudi Aramco Form 175-347500 and other inspection
requirements specified in the various documents referenced herein.
Each sampling system shall undergo functional testing prior to shipment. The
functional testing shall include the following component tests in accordance with
API MPMS Chapter 8.2, Appendix A:
Sample extractor test
Sample pacing meter test (if applicable)
The factory testing shall also include, but not be limited to, the following:
Demonstration of system functionality using simulated input signals (including flow
proportionality, alarm functions, reports, etc.)
Extractor leak test
Calibration of all performance verification devices (e.g., grab verifying device,
weigh scale, etc.)
Document Responsibility: Custody Measurement 34-SAMSS-525
Issue Date: 28 November 2010 Automatic Sampling Systems
Next Planned Update: 28 November 2015 for Crude Oil and Refined Products


Page 24 of 26
If crude oil is the hydrocarbon specified on the Instrument Specification Sheet, Form
8020-525-ENG, the Vendor shall conduct the following tests after installation of the
sampling system and associated equipment:
A test of the mixing system and receiver(s) in accordance with API MPMS
Chapter 8.3, Appendix B
A water injection test in accordance with API MPMS Chapter 8.2, Appendix A
The mixing system shall be deemed acceptable if the laboratory sample produced
during the mixing system test yields a measured water content within 5% of the true
value.
Both the mixing system test and the water injection test shall be witnessed by a
representative of P&CSD/PID/Custody Measurement Unit or its designated
representative.
A copy of all test documentation shall be furnished to P&CSD/PID/Custody
Measurement Unit.
12 Preparation for Shipment
The Vendor shall be responsible for ensuring the equipment is properly prepared for
shipment, including, but not limited to, the requirements specified hereafter.
12.1 General
All equipment and internals being shipped shall be braced and temporary
supports shall be provided, if required, to prevent damage during shipment.
Equipment shall be marked with water-soluble materials that will not attack or
damage the equipment at either ambient or operating temperatures. Marking
materials shall be free of lead, sulfur, zinc, cadmium, mercury, chlorine and all
other halogens.
Markings for export shall conform to the requirements specified on the purchase
order.
12.2 Fabricated Equipment
12.2.1 Internal Protection
The internals of all piping, fabricated and assembled equipment shall
be completely cleaned and dried to the satisfaction of the Saudi
Aramco Inspector.
Document Responsibility: Custody Measurement 34-SAMSS-525
Issue Date: 28 November 2010 Automatic Sampling Systems
Next Planned Update: 28 November 2015 for Crude Oil and Refined Products


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A non-toxic vapor phase corrosion inhibitor (CORTEC VCI-309 or
VCI-307, or equivalent approved by Coordinator, CSD/Mechanical
Engineering & Corrosion Control Division) shall be applied to the
internal surfaces of all piping, fabricated and assembled equipment.
Commentary Note:
Vendors are cautioned to allow sufficient lead-time for the purchase
and delivery of the vapor phase corrosion inhibitor. Lack of planning by
the Vendor will not constitute justification for a waiver of this
requirement.
The application rate for the inhibitor shall be 1 kg/m of equipment.
The inhibitor shall be blown through the equipment using air with a
dew-point of that is the lower of the following: 1) -1C or 2) 5C
below the lowest ambient temperature to be encountered in shipment
from the point of manufacture to the final destination. Application of
the inhibitor shall continue until the powder can be seen blowing out of
the opposite end of the equipment.
Following application of the inhibitor, equipment openings shall be
sealed vapor tight with steel covers in accordance with the
requirements for external protection.
12.2.2 External Protection
All bolts and nuts shall be coated with a temporary protective coating
(MIL C16173, Grade IV, or Denso paste or equivalent).
Permanent blind flanges or covers shall be installed with the gaskets
and bolts required for service.
The faces of open, flanged connections shall be coated with a
temporary protective coating (MIL C16173, Grade IV, or equivalent)
which can be easily removed prior to equipment installation.
Following application of the protective coating, each connection shall
be fitted with a neoprene gasket, and vapor tight steel cover. The cover
shall be held in place by a minimum of four equally spaced bolts.
12.3 Electronic and Electrical Equipment
The Vendor shall determine if electronics and instruments are susceptible to
damage from shock, weather or extremes of temperature during shipment.
If required, such items shall be removed after the functional test and shipped
separately.
Document Responsibility: Custody Measurement 34-SAMSS-525
Issue Date: 28 November 2010 Automatic Sampling Systems
Next Planned Update: 28 November 2015 for Crude Oil and Refined Products


Page 26 of 26
Electronic equipment shall be prepared and protected for shipment in
accordance with the manufacturer's recommendations. As a minimum, the
equipment shall be fitted with a vapor phase inhibitor emitter (CORTEC VpCI-
101, VpCI-105, VpCI-110 or equivalent).
Electrical boxes shall be fitted with vapor phase inhibitor emitters (CORTEC
VpCI-101, VpCI-105, VpCI-110 or equivalent).
13 Other Miscellaneous Requirements
13.1 Vendor Guarantee
Vendor shall guarantee that the sampling system and associated equipment shall
meet the performance requirements specified in API MPMS 8.2 and 8.3,
including but not limited to, that of the component tests and water injection test
if applicable.
13.2 Non-Material Requirements
The Vendor shall supply non-material requirements specified in Saudi Aramco
Form NMR-9707.
The Vendor shall provide calculations to demonstrate that the extractor and fast
loop probe (if applicable) will withstand bending moments and be resistant to
vibration.



Revision Summary
28 November 2010 Revised the "Next Planned Update". Reaffirmed the contents of the document, and
reissued with no other changes.