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TUGAS REVIEW

STRUKTUR KAYU LANJUT






DISUSUN OLEH
NAMA : MOHAMED NABIEL
NIM : 1009015024




PROGRAM STUDI S1 TEKNIK SIPIL
FAKULTAS TEKNIK
UNIVERSITAS MULAWARMAN
2013
1. Sumber : - Lulea University of Technology
- http://pure.ltu.se/portal/en/publications/wood-construction-under-
cold-climate%28c04e870a-df98-4992-90bc-
d6c4af1472a3%29.html
2. Judul Artikel : Wood construction under cold climate
3. Isi dan Terjemahan:

Sebagai konstruksi kayu semakin menggunakan direkayasa kayu di seluruh
dunia, kekhawatiran muncul tentang integritas kayu dan sistem perekat. The glueline
stabilitas adalah isu penting bagi kayu rekayasa. Banyak peneliti telah bekerja pada
kinerja glueline pada temperatur tinggi. Hal ini penting di daerah dingin seperti
Skandinavia, Kanada, Alaska, Rusia, dan Jepang Utara dimana konstruksi kayu
rekayasa di daerah-daerah akan terkena suhu rendah dalam jangka waktu yang cukup
lama setiap tahunnya. Biasanya lem dianggap lebih rapuh bawah suhu tertentu.
Tujuan dari proyek ini adalah untuk mengetahui bagaimana kayu rekayasa berperilaku
bila terkena suhu antara 20 C sampai -60 C

4. Review

Peneliti pada artikel ini ingin menemukan jalan keluar pada kekhawatiran
yang muncul tentang integritas kayu dan sistem perekat pada sistem konstruksi kayu.
Sistem perekat yang mereka teliti ini diesbut dengan erekat Glueline. The glueline
stabilitas adalah isu penting bagi kayu rekayasa. Banyak peneliti telah bekerja pada
kinerja glueline pada temperatur tinggi.
Bagaimana lem akan bertindak dalam kondisi dingin? Hal ini penting di
daerah dingin seperti Skandinavia, Kanada, Alaska, Rusia, dan Jepang Utara dll
konstruksi kayu rekayasa di daerah-daerah akan terkena suhu rendah dalam jangka
waktu yang cukup lama setiap tahunnya. Biasanya lem dianggap lebih rapuh dibawah
suhu tertentu. Tujuan dari proyek ini adalah untuk mengetahui bagaimana kayu
rekayasa berperilaku bila terkena suhu antara 20 C sampai -60 C. Ada empat
langkah untuk mencapai tujuan utama. Berikut ini adalah langkah pertama: Studi
pengaruh suhu dingin pada kekuatan geser sampel kecil terpaku Norwegia Spruce
(Picea abies) sendi (150mm x 20mm x 10mm). Jumlah 375 spesimen dengan empat
perekat tersedia secara komersial berbeda (PUR, PVAc, EPI dan MUF) ditambah
kayu solid, pada lima temperatur yang berbeda (T = 20, -20, -40, -50 dan -60 C)
diselidiki dalam makalah ini . Dengan penurunan suhu, kekuatan geser dari kayu solid
dan direkatkan sendi kayu menurun. Ada perbedaan yang signifikan dalam kekuatan
geser dan perilaku kegagalan kayu antara perekat. Obligasi PVAc menunjukkan hasil
terbaik di semua suhu antara semua jenis perekat yang digunakan di sini, bahkan
dibandingkan dengan kekuatan kayu rata-rata, dan persentase kegagalan kayu adalah
relatif rendah. MUF menunjukkan kekuatan geser terendah antara semua, tanpa
perubahan suhu. The signifikan kekuatan geser rendah ditemukan pada -40 C atau -
50 C tergantung jenis perekat.

5. Daftar Pustaka
6. Lampiran

Wood is a popular renewable raw material. It not only provides environmentally friendly
attributes, but also guarantees for a comfortable, warm atmosphere. Holzbau Unterrainer
GmbH from Dlsach in Austria specializes in the production and erection of solid wood
houses in block construction or in three-layered building design.
Founded in 2006, Unterrainer today employs 20 people. It is the sole domestic provider of
solid wood panels from internal production.
We are always able to act quickly and flexibly, explains Ing. Miriam Oberhuber,
construction engineer at Unterrainer since 2010. Customers can rely on holistic services and
raw materials of regional origin. Apart from private builders, we also handle large
construction projects with ease, states the construction engineer. Also, we are currently
pushing our international activities.
Unterrainer is the only company Europe-wide to provide serial production of radial wood.
With these promising developments, Unterrainer takes an optimistic view into the future.
Our long experience, skilled employees and high product quality guarantee our continuous
success, summarises the construction engineer. For the future, we aim at expanding both
our foreign and domestic business. Together with cooperating architects, Austria still
provides a lot of potential.

As wood constructions increasingly use engineered wood world wide, concerns arise about
the integrity of the wood and adhesives system. The glueline stability is a crucial issue for
engineered wood. Many researchers have worked on the performance of glueline at elevated
temperatures. How will glue act under cold conditions? It is important in cold regions such as
Scandinavia, Canada, Alaska, Russia, and North Japan etc. The engineered wood
constructions in these areas will be exposed to low temperature in a quite long period each
year. Normally glue is considered to be more brittle under certain temperatures. The objective
of this project is to determine how engineered wood behaves when exposed to temperatures
between 20 C to -60 C. There are four steps to reach the main objective. Here it is the first
step: Study the influence of cold temperatures on the shear strength of small samples of glued
Norway Spruce (Picea abies) joints (150mm x 20mm x 10mm). Total 375 specimens with
four different commercially available adhesives (PUR, PVAc, EPI and MUF) plus solid
wood, at five different temperatures (T = 20, -20, -40, -50 and -60 C) were investigated in
this paper. With decreasing temperature, the shear strength of solid wood and glued wood
joints decreased. There were significant differences in shear strength and wood failure
behavior between the adhesives. PVAc bonds showed the best results at all temperatures
among all types of adhesives used here, even compared to the average wood strength, and the
wood failure percentage was comparatively low. MUF demonstrated the lowest shear
strength among all, regardless the temperature changes. The significant lower shear strength
was found at -40C or -50C depending the adhesive type.

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