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CS764 Routing and Switching I


Homework Assignment 2 Solution
1. Using the mac address B8:CA:3A:BF:3B:32 construct the link-local address with the
MAC-to-EUI64 conversion process. Afterwards construct the IPv6 header (just the
next header, source, and destination addresses) and the ICMPv6 Neighbor Solicitation
(NS) header message format (type, code, target address). Then construct the IPv6
header and Neighbor Advertisement (NA) message header (type,code, flags, and
target address) as if the tentative address is duplicated on another node.

Convert B8:CA:3A:BF:3B:32 to binary
10111000 11001010 00111010 10111111 00111011 00110010
Split the address and insert 0xFFFE
10111000 11001010 00111010 11111111 11111110 10111111 00111011 00110010
Flip the U/L bit (7
th
bit first byte)
10111010 11001010 00111010 11111111 11111110 10111111 00111011 00110010
EUI64 Interface ID
BACA:3AFF:FEBF:3B32
Adding the link-local prefix 0xFE80::/10
FE80:: BACA:3AFF:FEBF:3B32 = the tentative Interface ID address
Build the IPv6 header and the Node Solicitation Message (Part of the ICMPv6 Messages)
2

Version =
6
Source Address
Flow Label
32 Bits
8 8 8 8
Traffic Class
Next Header Hop Limit Payload Length
Destination Address

IPv6 Packet Header

Source address = unspecified address 00000000 ::/128 (page 73 and page 54 and in notes)
Destination address = solicited-node multicast address
The solicited-node multicast address = FF02:0:0:0:0:1:FF00::/104 prepended to the last 24 bits
of the Interface ID (page 57 and page 73 and notes)
Destination address = FF02:0:0:0:0:1:FFBF:3B32
Next Header for ICMPv6 = 58 (page 63)
Next construct the Neighbor Solicitation Message
3

Type
Target Address
Checksum
32 Bits
8 8 8 8
Code
Reserved
Options
Neighbor Solicitation Message Format

Type = 135 and code = 0 (page 67)
Target Address = FE80:: BACA:3AFF:FEBF:3B32 (page 73)
If the target address matches one of the assigned addresses of another device. The node
responds with a Neighbor Advertisement (NA)
Version =
6
Source Address
Flow Label
32 Bits
8 8 8 8
Traffic Class
Next Header Hop Limit Payload Length
Destination Address

IPv6 Packet Header


4

Source Address = FE80:: BACA:3AFF:FEBF:3B32 (page 68)
Destination Address = FE80:: BACA:3AFF:FEBF:3B32 (page 74)
Next Header = 58 (page 63)
The Neighbor Advertisement Message Format has the follow information
Type
Target Address
Checksum
32 Bits
8 8 8 8
Code
Reserved
Options
Neighbor Advertisement Message Format
O S R

Type = 136 and code = 0 (page 68)
Target Address = FE80:: BACA:3AFF:FEBF:3B32 (page 73)
S = 1 Solicited Flag (page 69 and internet)

2. Examine the drawing below, figure 1, apply Spanning Tree Protocol to the network to
eliminate any potential bridge loops. Determine the root bridge, root port,
designated port, and blocked ports for each switch as appropriate.





5


Bridge ID 12 Bridge ID 10
Bridge ID 8 Bridge ID 2
Bridge ID 1
Bridge ID 17
Bridge ID 4
1 Gb/s
100 Mb/s
100 Mb/s
1 Gb/s
100 Mb/s
1Gb/s
1 Gb/s
1 Gb/s
100 Mb/s
100 Mb/s
1 Gb/s
1 Gb/s
100 Mb/s
Spanning Tree
Figure 1
Root Bridge
D
D
R
B
B
R
D
D
D
R
B
R R
D
R
B
D
2 < 4
4 < 8
10 < 12


3. Examine the drawing below, figure 2, apply Spanning Tree Protocol again to the
network after the failure of Bridge ID 1 to show the change in the topology. Determine
the root bridge, root port, designated port, and blocked ports for each switch as
appropriate.

6

Bridge ID 12 Bridge ID 10
Bridge ID 8 Bridge ID 2
Bridge ID 1 Fails
Bridge ID 17
Bridge ID 4
1 Gb/s
100 Mb/s
100 Mb/s
1 Gb/s
100 Mb/s
1Gb/s
1 Gb/s
1 Gb/s
100 Mb/s
100 Mb/s
1 Gb/s
1 Gb/s
100 Mb/s
Spanning Tree
Figure 2
R
D
D
D
D
R
D
B B
R
D
R
R
D
B


4. Based on the figure below configure the switch ports and vlan trunking to allow the
communication between the hosts as described in the listed requirements.
7

Vlan Switch Configuration problem
Router 1/
Switch
gi1/10
gi0/49
Router information
Interface vlan250
ip address 145.115.250.1
255.255.255.0
Interface vlan599
ip address
145.115.220.6465
255.255.255.192
Interface vlan180
ip address 145.115.180.1
255.255.255.0
interface vlan750
ip address 145.115.254.1
255.255.255.0
Switch 1
gi0/49
gi1/16
Switch 2
gi0/49
Switch 3
gi2/10

Configuration Requirements
Switch 1:
Hosts on interfaces gi0/1 and gi0/2 in network 145.115.250.0 -> vlan 250
Hosts on interfaces gi0/3 and gi0/4 in network 145.115.180.0 -> vlan 180
Hosts on interfaces gi0/9 and gi0/10 in network 145.115.254.0 -> vlan 750
Management interface on switch: interface vlan599 -> vlan 599
Ip address 145.115.220.65 68
255.255.255.192
Ip default-gateway 145.115.220.64 65
Switch 1 commands
Vtp domain bensarah
Vtp mode off (transparent)
Vlan 180,250,599,750
8

Interface gi0/49
Switchport trunk encapsulation dot1q
Switchport trunk native vlan 1000 (this command is optional see notes on vlan trunking)
(optional: switchport trunk allowed vlan 180, 250,599,750-- by default Cisco switches add the
vlans that are on the router uplink end of the trunk and in the domain to the switch end of
the trunk)
Switchport mode trunk
Interface gi0/1
Switchport access vlan 250
Spanning-tree portfast (optional)
Interface gi0/2
Switchport access vlan 250
Spanning-tree portfast (optional)
Interface gi0/3
Switchport access vlan 180
Spanning-tree portfast (optional)
Interface gi0/4
Switchport access vlan 180
Spanning-tree portfast (optional)
Interface gi0/9
Switchport access vlan 750
Spanning-tree portfast (optional)
Interface gi0/10
Switchport access vlan 750
Spanning-tree portfast (optional)
9



Switch 2:
Hosts on interfaces gi0/5 and gi0/6 in network 145.115.250.0 -> vlan 250
Hosts on interfaces gi0/7 and gi0/8 in network 145.115.180.0 -> vlan 180
Hosts on interfaces gi0/9 and gi0/10 in network 145.115.254.0 -> vlan 750
Management interface on switch: interface vlan599 -> vlan 599
Ip address 145.115.220.66
255.255.255.192
Ip default-gateway 145.115.220.64 65
Switch 2 commands
Vtp domain bensarah
Vtp mode off (transparent)
Vlan 180,250,599,750
Interface gi0/49
Switchport trunk encapsulation dot1q
Switchport trunk native vlan 1000
(optional: switchport trunk allowed vlan 180, 250,599,750)
Switchport mode trunk
Interface gi0/5
Switchport access vlan 250
Spanning-tree portfast (optional)
Interface gi0/6
Switchport access vlan 250
Spanning-tree portfast (optional)
Interface gi0/7
Switchport access vlan 180
Spanning-tree portfast (optional)
10

Interface gi0/8
Switchport access vlan 180
Spanning-tree portfast (optional)
Interface gi0/9
Switchport access vlan 750
Spanning-tree portfast (optional)
Interface gi0/10
Switchport access vlan 750
Spanning-tree portfast (optional)
Switch 3:
Hosts on interfaces gi0/1 and gi0/2 in network 145.115.250.0
Hosts on interfaces gi0/7 and gi0/8 in network 145.115.180.0
Management interface on switch: interface vlan599
Ip address 145.115.220.67
255.255.255.192
Ip default-gateway 145.115.220.64 65
Switch 3 commands
Vtp domain bensarah
Vtp mode off (transparent)
Vlan 180,250,599
Interface gi0/49
Switchport trunk encapsulation dot1q
Switchport trunk native vlan 1000
(optional: switchport trunk allowed vlan 180, 250,599)
Switchport mode trunk
Interface gi0/1
Switchport access vlan 250
11

Spanning-tree portfast (optional)
Interface gi0/2
Switchport access vlan 250
Spanning-tree portfast (optional)
Interface gi0/7
Switchport access vlan 180
Spanning-tree portfast (optional)
Interface gi0/8
Switchport access vlan 180
Spanning-tree portfast (optional)

Router/switch configuration
Vtp domain bensarah*
Vtp mode off (transparent)*
Vlan 180,250,599,750* *global commands and only need to be entered one time

Interface gi1/10
switchport
Switchport trunk encapsulation dot1q
Switchport trunk native vlan 1000 (this command is optional see notes on vlan trunking)
switchport trunk allowed vlan 180, 250,599,750 (not optional on this end of the trunk)
Switchport mode trunk
Interface gi1/16
switchport
12

Switchport trunk encapsulation dot1q
Switchport trunk native vlan 1000 (this command is optional see notes on vlan trunking)
switchport trunk allowed vlan 180, 250,599,750 (not optional on this end of the trunk)
Switchport mode trunk
Interface gi2/10
switchport
Switchport trunk encapsulation dot1q
Switchport trunk native vlan 1000 (this command is optional see notes on vlan trunking)
switchport trunk allowed vlan 180, 250,599 (not optional on this end of the trunk)
Switchport mode trunk






5. Examine the drawing below. On routers 2 and 4 configure static routes to each
individual network that is not directly connected. When you have completed that
configuration use route summarization to simplify the static route commands on
routers 2 and 4. On routers 1 and 5 the E1 interfaces are 1 Gigabit/s Ethernet
interfaces and the E2 interfaces are 100 Mb/s Ethernet interfaces. Configure static
route configurations on router 1 and router 5 that will use the E2 interfaces only if the
E1 interface link fails. You may use summary routes to simplify the configuration.
13

Static Route Problem
Router 1
150.25.133.1/24
Router 2 Router 3
Router 4
195.100.10.49/28
*10.4.6.2/27
Router 5
E1
150.25.140.1/24
E2
150.25.150.1/24
E1
150.25.140.2/24
E2
150.25.150.2/24
150.25.200.2/24
150.25.130.1/24
150.25.130.2/24
195.100.10.50/28
195.100.10.17/28
195.100.10.18/28
195.100.10.33/28
150.25.10.1/24
150.25.15.1/24
* mistakenly left
from text problem


Router 2
Ip route 150.25.133.0 255.255.255.0 150.25.130.1
Ip route 150.25.140.0 255.255.255.0 150.25.130.1
Ip route 150.25.200.0 255.255.255.0 150.25.130.1
Ip route 150.25.150.0 255.255.255.0 150.25.130.1
Ip route 195.100.10.32 255.255.255.240 195.100.10.18
Ip route 150.25.10.0 255.255.255.0 195.100.10.50
Ip route 150.25.15.0 255.255.255.0 195.100.10.50
Router 4
Ip route 195.100.10.48 255.255.255.240 195.100.10.17
Ip route 150.25.130.0 255.255.255.0 195.100.10.17
Ip route 150.25.133.0 255.255.255.0 195.100.10.17
Ip route 150.25.140.0 255.255.255.0 195.100.10.17
14

Ip route 150.25.200.0 255.255.255.0 195.100.10.17
Ip route 150.25.150.0 255.255.255.0 195.100.10.17
Ip route 150.25.10.0 255.255.255.0 195.100.10.17
Ip route 150.25.15.0 255.255.255.0 195.100.10.17
Router 2 Route Summarization
Ip route 150.25.128.0 255.255.128.0 150.25.130.1
Ip route 195.100.10.32 255.255.255.240 195.100.10.18
Ip route 150.25.0.0 255.255.128.0 195.100.10.50


Router 4 Route Summarization
Ip route 150.25.0.0 255.255.0.0 195.100.10.17
Ip route 195.100.10.48 255.255.255.240 195.100.10.17
Router 2 Show ip route
S 150.25.0.0 255.255.128.0[1/0] via 195.100.10.50
S 150.25.128.0 255.255.128.0[1/0] via 150.25.130.1
C 150.25.130.0 255.255.255.0 directly connected serial 1
S 195.100.10.32 255.255.255.240[1/0]via 195.100.10.18
C 195.100.10.48 255.255.255.240 directly connected eth 0
C 195.100.10.16 255.255.255.240 directly connected serial 0

Router 1 Route Summarization
Ip route 195.100.10.0 255.255.255.0 150.25.130.2
Ip route 150.25.0.0 255.255.128.0 150.25.130.2
15

Ip route 150.25.200.0 255.255.255.0 150.25.140.2
Ip route 150.25.200.0 255.255.255.0 150.25.150.2 10
Router 5 Route Summarization
Ip route 195.100.10.0 255.255.255.0 150.25.140.1
Ip route 195.100.10.0 255.255.255.0 150.25.150.1 10
Ip route 150.25.0.0 255.255.0.0 150.25.140.1
Ip route 150.25.0.0 255.255.0.0 150.25.150.1 10