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Software Verification

PROGRAM NAME:
ETABS 2013
REVISION NO.:
0



AS 4100-1998 Example 001 - 1
AS 4100-1998 Example 001

WIDE FLANGE MEMBER UNDER COMPRESSION
EXAMPLE DESCRIPTION
The frame object axial strengths are tested in this example.
A continuous column is subjected to factored load N = 200 kN. This example
was tested using the AS4100-1998 steel frame design code. The design capacities
are compared with independent hand calculated results.
GEOMETRY, PROPERTIES AND LOADING













L = 6 m





TECHNICAL FEATURES TESTED
Section compactness check (compression)
Section compression capacity
Member compression capacity
Material Properties
E = 200x10
3
MPa

v = 0.3
G = 76923.08 MPa



Loading

N = 200 kN

Design Properties
fy = 250 MPa
Section: 350WC197
N
L
A A
Section A-A
Software Verification
PROGRAM NAME:
ETABS 2013
REVISION NO.:
0



AS 4100-1998 Example 001 - 2
RESULTS COMPARISON

Independent results are taken from hand calculations based on the CSI steel
design documentation contained in the file SFD-AS-4100-1998.pdf, which is
also available through the program Help menu.
Output Parameter ETABS Independent
Percent
Difference
Compactness Compact Compact 0.00%
Section Axial Capacity,
Ns (kN)
6275 6275 0.00%
Member Axial Capacity,
Nc (kN)
4385 4385 0.00%
COMPUTER FILE: AS 4100-1998 EX001
CONCLUSION
The results show an exact comparison with the independent results.
Software Verification
PROGRAM NAME:
ETABS 2013
REVISION NO.:
0



AS 4100-1998 Example 001 - 3
HAND CALCULATION

Properties:
Material:
fy = 250 MPa
Section: 350WC197
Ag = An = 25100 mm
2

bf = 350 mm, tf = 28 mm, h = 331 mm, tw = 20 mm
r33 = 139.15 mm, r22 = 89.264 mm
Member:
le33 = le22 = 6000 mm (unbraced length)
Considered to be a braced frame
Loadings:
* 200 N kN =
Section Compactness:
Localized Buckling for Flange:
( )
350 20 250
5.89
2 250 2 28 250
f w y
e
f
b t f
t

= = =
- -

Flange is under uniform compression, so:
9, 16, 90
ep ey ew
= = =
5.89 9
e ep
= < = , No localized flange buckling
Flange is compact
Localized Buckling for Web:
331 250
16.55
250 20 250
y
e
w
f
h
t
= = =
Software Verification
PROGRAM NAME:
ETABS 2013
REVISION NO.:
0



AS 4100-1998 Example 001 - 4
Web is under uniform compression, so:
30, 45, 180
ep ey ew
= = =
16.55 30
e ep
= < = , No localized web buckling
Web is compact.
Section is Compact.

Section Compression Capacity:
Section is not Slender, so Kf = 1.0
3
1 25,100 250 / 10
s f n y
N K A f = = - -
6275kN =
s
N

Member Weak-Axis Compression Capacity:
Frame is considered a braced frame in both directions, so
22 33
1
e e
k k = =
22 33
22 33
6000 6000
67.216 and 43.119
89.264 139.15
= = = =
e e
l l
r r

Buckling will occur on the 22-axis.
( )
22
22
22
1 250
6000
67.216
250 89.264 250
-
= = - =
f y
e
n
K f
l
r

22
22 2
22 22
2100( 13.5)
20.363
15.3 2050

o = =
+
n
a
n n

22
0.5
b
o = since cross-section is not a UB or UC section
22 22 22 22
67.216 20.363 0.5 77.398 = + o o = + - =
n a b

22 22
0.00326( 13.5) 0.2083 0 q = = >
Software Verification
PROGRAM NAME:
ETABS 2013
REVISION NO.:
0



AS 4100-1998 Example 001 - 5
2 2
22
22
22 2 2
22
77.398
1 1 0.2083
90 90
1.317
77.398
2 2
90 90
| | | |
+ + q + +
| |
\ . \ .
= = =
| | | |
| |
\ . \ .


2
22 22
22 22
90
1 1
c
o

| |
| |
| |
|
| =
|
|
|
| \ .
\ .
\ .

2
22
90
1.317 1 1 0.6988
1.317 77.398
c
o
| |
| |
| |
|
= = |
|
|
| -
\ .
\ .
\ .

22 22
= o s
c c s s
N N N
22
0.6988 6275 4385 kN = - =
c
N