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10 contoh kalimat adjective clause

Pronoun Contoh Kalimat Keterangan


Who I thanked the
woman whohelped me.

(Artinya: Saya berterima
kasih kepada wanita yang
menolong saya)
Adjective Clause: who helped
me(menerangkan kata benda
woman)
Whom The man whom I saw was
Mr. Erick.

(Artinya: Pria yang saya
lihat adalah tuan Erick)
Adjective Clause: whom I
saw(menerangkan kata benda
The man)
Whose I know the
man whose bicycle was
stolen.

(Artinya: Saya kenal dengan
pria yang sepedanya dicuri)
Adjective Clause: whose bicycle
was stolen (menerangkan kata
benda The man yang berfungsi
sebagaiSubject)
Which The cats which eat fish are
very cute.

(Artinya: Kucing-kucing
yang memakan ikan itu
sangat lucu)
Adjective Clause: which eat fish
are very cute (menerangkan kata
benda The cats yang berfungsi
sebagai Subject)
Where The building where he lives
is very old.

(Artinya: Bangunan dimana
dia tinggal sangatlah tua)
Adjective Clause: where he lives is
very old (menerangkan kata
benda The building)
When Ill never forget the
day whenI met you.

(Artinya: Saya tidak akan
pernah melupakan hari
ketika saya bertemu dengan
kamu)
Adjective Clause: when I met
you(menerangkan kata benda
The day yang berfungsi
sebagai object)
That This is the house that I
have showed to my mother.

(Artinya: Ini adalah rumah
yang telah saya tunjukkan
kepada ibu saya.)
Adjective Clause: that I have
showed to my
mother(menerangkan kata benda
The house)

Contoh Adjective clauses dengan subordinate conjunctions: where dan when

Adjective Clause dengan menggunakan where
The building is very old
He lives in that building (there)

1. The building where he lives is very old.
2. The building in which he lives is very
old.
3. The building which he lives in is very
old.

(Artinya: Bangunan dimana dia tinggal
sangat tua)
Where digunakan pada adjective
clause untuk marubah tempat (negara,
kota, ruangan, rumah, dll).

Jika Where digunakan, prepositiontidak
digunakan dalam adjective
clause(contoh 1). Tetapi jika where
tidak digunakan, Relative
Pronoun danpreposition harus
digunakan (contoh 2 & 3).

Adjective Clause dengan menggunakan when
Ill never forget the day
I met you (on that day)

Ill never forget the day when I met
you.
Ill never forget the day that I met
you.

(Artinya: Saya tidak akan pernah
melupakan hari ketika saya bertemu
dengan kamu)
When digunakan pada adjective clauseuntuk merubah kata benda
dari waktu (tahun, hari, waktu, dll).
Subject who, that, which that was made of cheddar cheese.
coba substitusi dengan It
(subjectivepersonal pronoun)
Object*
whom, that,
which, who
whom I want to buy
coba substitusi dengan it
(objective personal pronoun)
Possessive whose whose house has burned down

who
He is the
man who works
hard to support
their daily needs.
(Dia pria yang
bekerja keras
untuk
menanggung
kebutuhan
sehari-hari
mereka.)
Adjective
clause menerangkannoun (the
man) yang berfungsi
sebagai subject complement.
whom
The
woman whom
you saw last
night is my
Adjective
clause menerangkan noun (the
woman) yang berfungsi
sebagai subject kalimat.
sister.
(Wanita yang
kamu lihat tadi
malam adalah
saudara saya.)
whose
The man whose
car is
antique works as
a lecturer.
(The man yang
punya mobil
antik itu bekerja
sebagai dosen.)
Adjective
clause menerangkan noun (the
man) yang berfungsi
sebagai subject kalimat.
which
Mueeza, which is
very faithful, is
my cat.
(Mueeza, yang
sangat setia,
adalah kucing
saya.)
Adjective
clause menerangkan noun (Mueeza)
yang berfungsi sebagai subject
kalimat.
where
Bandar
Lampung is a
city where I was
born.
(Bandar
Lampung adalah
kota dimana
saya dilahirkan.)
Adjective
clause menerangkan noun (a city)
yang berfungsi sebagai subject
complement.
that
It is the car that I
has dreamed for
many years ago.
(Ini mobil yang
telah saya
impikan sejak
beberapa tahun
yang lalu.)
Adjective
clause menerangkan noun (the car)
yang berfungsi sebagai subject
complement.
who
who works hard
to
support their
daily needs
He is the man who works hard to
support their daily needs.
(Dia pria yang bekerja keras
untuk menanggung kebutuhan
sehari-hari mereka.)
Adjective clause (who works
hard to
support their daily needs)
menerangkannoun (the man)
yang berfungsi sebagaisubject
complement.
whom
whom you saw
last night
The woman, whom you saw last
night, is my sister.
(Wanita yang kamu lihat tadi
malam adalah saudara saya)
Adjective clause (whom you
saw last
night) menerangkan noun (the
woman) yang berfungsi
sebagai subject kalimat.
whose whose car is The man, whose car is antique, Adjective clause (whose car is
antique works as a lecturer.
(The man yang punya mobil antik
itu bekerja sebagai dosen.)
antique) menerangkan noun (the
man) yang berfungsi
sebagai subject kalimat.
which
which is very
faithful
Mueeza is a cat which is very
faithful.
(Mueeza adalah seekor kucing
yang sangat setia.)
Adjective clause (which is very
faithful) menerangkan noun (a
cat) yang berfungsi
sebagai subject complement.
when
when I was
taking a bath
He rang the bell when I was
taking a bath.
(Dia membunyikan bel ketika
saya sedang mandi.)
Adjective clause (when I was
taking a
bath) menerangkan noun (the
bell) yang berfungsi object.
where where I was born
Bandar Lampung is a city where
I was born.
(Bandar Lampung adalah kota
dimana saya dilahirkan.)
Adjective clause (where I was
born) menerangkan noun (a
city) yang berfungsi
sebagai subject complement.
that
that I has
dreamed for
many years ago
It is the car that I has dreamed for
many years ago.
(Ini mobil yang telah saya
impikan sejak beberapa tahun
yang lalu.)
Adjective clause (that I has
dreamed for many years
ago) menerangkan noun (the
car) yang berfungsi
sebagai subject complement.
uestion Word
Question word:
what(ever), what (time, kind, day, etc),
who(ever),
whose,
whom(ever),
which(ever),
where(ever),
when(ever),
how (long, far, many times, old, etc)
The class listened carefully what
the teacher instructed.
(Seluruh kelas mendengarkan
dengan teliti apa yang guru
instruksikan.)
The kitten followed wherever the
woman went.
(Anak kucing mengikuti
kemanapun wanita itu pergi.)
Many people imagine how many
time the man was failed before
success.
(Banyak orang membayangkan
berapa kali pria itu gagal sebelum
sukses.)
if atau whether
biasanya digunakan untuk kalimat jawaban dari
pertanyaanyes-no question
Where does Andy live?
(Dimana Andy tinggal?)I wonder if
he lives in West Jakarta.
(Saya pikir dia tinggal di Jakarta
Barat.)
Is Andy live on Dewi Sartika
Street?
(Apakah Andy tinggal di jalan Dewi
Sartika?)I dont know if he live on
Dewi Sartika Street or not.
atau
I dont know whether or not he
lives on Dewi Sartika street.
(Saya tidak tahu jika dia tinggal di
jalan Sartika atau tidak.)
that
biasanya that-clause untukmental activity. Berikut
daftarverb pada main clause yang biasanya diikuti that-
clause:assume, believe, discover, dream, guess, hear, hope,
know, learn, notice, predict, prove, realize, suppose, suspect,
think
I think that the group will arrive
in an hour.
(Saya pikir rombongan itu akan
tiba dalam satu jam.)
Many people proved that the man
was a big liar.
(Banyak orang membuktikan
bahwa pria itu pembohong besar.)
Fungsi Noun Clause
Berikut adalah contoh kalimat dari setiap fungsi noun clause.
Fungsi Contoh Noun Clause dalam Kalimat
Subject of a Verb
What she cooked was delicious.
That today is his birthday is not right.
Subject complement
The fact is that she is smart and dilligent.
A teacher must be whoever is patient.
Object of a Verb
Diana believes that her life will be happier.
I want to know how Einstein thought.
Object of
apreposition
The girl comes from where many people there live in
poverty.
He will attend the party with whichever fits to his body.
Contoh:
What you said doesnt convince me at all.
How he becomes so rich makes people curious.
What the salesman has said is untrue.
That the world is round is a fact.
NOUN C L A US E
S E B A GA I OB J E K
V E R B A
T R A NS I T I F
Contoh:
I know what you mean.
I dont understand what he is talking about.
He said that his son would study in Australia.
Verba yang dapat diikuti noun clause dalam hal ini that-clause antara lain adalah:
admit : mengakui
realize : menyadari
announce : mengumumkan
recommend : menganjurkan
believe : percaya
remember : ingat
deny : menyangkal
reveal : menyatakan, mengungkapkan
expect : mengharapkan
say : mengatakan
find : menemukan
see : melihat
forget : lupa
stipulate : menetapkan
hear : mendengar
suggest : menganjurkan
inform : memberitahukan
suppose : mengira
know : tahu, mengetahui
think : pikir, berpendapat
promise : berjanji
understand : mengerti
propose : mengusulkan
wish : ingin, berharap
NOUN C L A US E
S E B A GA I OB J E K
P R E P OS I S I
Contoh:
Please listen to what your teacher is saying.
Budi pays full attention to how the native speaker is pronouncing the English
word.
Be careful of what youre doing.
NOUN C L A US E
S E B A GA I
P E L E GK A P
Contoh:
The good news is that the culprit has been put into the jail.
This is what I want.
That is what you need.
NOUN C L A US E
S E B A GA I NOUN
I N A P P OS I T I ON
Contoh:
The idea that people can live without oxygen is unreasonable.
The fact that Rudi always comes late doesnt surprise me.
About these ads
I often wonder how you are getting on with him.
SHe feared that She would fail.
They replied that they would come to this town.
Do you know who stole the watch?
I thought that it would be fine day.
No one knows who She is.
I did not know what he would do next.
How the budget got in is a mystery.
Pay careful attention to what I am going to say.
I do not understand how all it happened.
1. Subject of the sentence:
What he gets makes his family proud
2. Direct object
I know where her house is
3. Indirect object:
The President will give whatever the Indonesia National Football Team gets an appreciation
4. Subjective Complement
That is what you want
5. Objective complement:
They will name their dog whatever they want to
6. Object of a prepositions:
The old lady cried for whatever his husband did
7. Appositive
John, whom i met yesterday, will be my new business partner
8. Object of a participle
Remembering what she promised, I tried to be better
9. Object of an infinitive
They requested me to notice what they spoke
10. Object of a gerund
Rejecting what he wants makes me unhappy
You were sleeping when
she arrived.
(Dia tiba ketika kamu
sedang tertidur.)
verb= were sleeping;
subordinate conjunction= when;
adverbial clause= when she arrived
memberikan informasi
tentangadjective
Her face is fresh because she
always does exercise and eats
fruits.
(Wajahnya segar karena dia selalu
berolahraga dan makan buah-
buahan.)
adjective= fresh;
subordinate conjunction=
because;
adverbial clause= because she
always does exercise and eats
fruits
memberikan informasi
tentangadverb
He drove fast in order that he could
arrive on time.
(Dia mengemudi dengan cepat agar
dia dapat tiba tepat waktu.)


1. Adverb Clause of Reanson
Adalah : sebuah anak kalimat yang digunakan untuk menunjukkan sebab atau alasan. Adverb clause
of reason di awali dengan konjungsi (penghubungnya) adalah : as/ since/ because/ whereas/ on the
ground that.

Example:
- Is I love you, I can do anything for you.
- Since she has a desire to marry, she discontinued her studing.
- I stopped the work because I was tired.
- Whereas I came late, My father punishet me.
- His teacher punishet him on the grand that, he came late.


2. Adverb Clause of Result
Adalah : sebuah anak kalimat yang digunakan untuk menunjukkan hasil perbuatan atau akibat.
Adverb clause of result di awali dengan konjungsi so that, so + adjective + that, so + adverb + that,
so.

Example:
- Nadhavi was so beautiful that I loved her at first sight.
- He studies so hard that many studienst like him.


3. Adverb Clause of Condition
Adalah : sebuah anak kalimat yang digunakan untuk menunjukkan kondisi. Adverb clause of condition
di awali dengan konjungsi if/ unless/ whether/ provided that and so long as.

Example:
- If you help me, I shall be happy.
- Unless you tell her about your love, she wont know it
- You must do this wheter, you like it or not
- I ean help you provide that you must follow my advice
- So long as you work hard, you have no problem with me

4. Adverb Clause of Contrast

Adverb Clause of Contrast adalah sebuah anak kalimat yang menerangkan bertentangan. Adverb
Clause of Contrast diawali dengan konjungsi: although, eventh ough, though, whet eyer, no matter,
however much, not with standing that.

Example:
a. I still no money although I worked hard
b. Eventhough hehates me, he lend me the bock
c. Though he is rice, he never give me the money
d. Whatever he has done, he is your father
e. No mather what she sald, I still love her
f. She will never succed however much he may try
g. He was not refreshed not with standing that he had spent 2 weeks leave
When I was in elementary school,I had two close friends
Shut the door before you go out
No sooner had she entered that he gave an order
My mother came after night bad fallen
I shall come before she comes
2. Adverbial Clause of Place
Adverbial clause of place di awali oleh subordinate conjunction seperti where, anywhere, wherever,
when dll
Contoh :
They sat down when ever they could find empty seats
My younger sister follows me wherever I go
She went quickly when you came
Where there is a will,there is a way
Anywhere you can find it
3. Adverbial Clause of Contrast (or concession)
Clause yang menunjukkan adanya pertentangan antara dua kejadian atau peristiwa yang saling
berhubungan. Adver clause of contrast (or concession) diawali oleh subordinate conjunction seperti
although,though,even though,whereas,even if,in spite of,as the time,dan relative adverb:however dan
whatever.
Contoh :
She went although it was raining
As the time you were sleeping,we were working hard
Sherly wanted to stop,whereas I wanted to go on
Even if it is raining I shall come
Although we are rich,we are unhappy
Catatan :
However biasanya diikuti oleh adjective atau adverb,sedangkan whatever diikuti oleh
noun(pronoun),vinite verb atau sebuah clause.
Contoh :
However often I tried,I always failed
Whatever you say,I go
4. Adverbial Clause of Manner
Adverbial clause of manner biasanya di dahului oleh subordinate conjunction seperti as if,as
though,how dan in that.
Contoh :
He did as I told him
She did as I told him
You may finish it how you like
She looks as though she has seen a ghost
5. Adverbial Clause of Purpose
Adverbial clause of purpose diawali oleh subordinate conjunction seperti so that,in order that (yang
keduanya berarti agar atau supaya) dll.
Contoh :
They went to the movie early (in order) to find the best seats
I got up early so that I might see the sun rise
She bought a book so (that) she could learn English
We plant so that we can reap crops
6. Adverbial Clause of Result
Adverbial clause of result diawali oleh subordinate conjunction seperti so that.
Contoh :
He worked hard so that he was tired
I was tired of waiting so that I decided to go on without her
Catatan :
Bila dalam klausa utama terdapat adjective atau adverb yang ingin di tekankan,maka so harus di
letakkan sebelum adjective atau adverb itu.
Contoh :
She was so weak that she could no speak
He worked so hard that he was tired
Tetapi jika dalam klausa utamanya tidak terdapat noun yang di dahului adjective,maka kita harus
menggunakan such ( yang di tempatkan sebelum article dan adjective itu)
Contoh :
She is such polite girl
I bought such a good book that I learn English well
7. Adverbial Clause of Cause (reason)
Adverbial clause of cause (reason) biasanya diawali oleh subordinate conjunction seperti
because,since,as,seeing that,now that,whereas,because of the fact that,due to the fact that,dll
Contoh :
I ran because I was late
Since I believe her story,I shall have her
As susan was here,I will ask her to take the message
Now that she was not here,I spoke to her mother
Catatan :
Since,as,seeing that dan now that selalu di tempatkan di awal kalimat,sedangkan because di tengah
kalimat,namun because pun kadang-kadang di tempatkan diwal kalimat bila alasannya yang lebih di
tekankan.
Contoh :
Because I like you,I shall help you
8. Adverbial Clause of Degree
Adverbial clause of degree biasanya diawali oleh subordinate conjunction seperti than atau relative
adverb : as.
Contoh :
She is older than she looks
They arrived later than we though
He is taller than I am
She worked as hard as she could
9. Adverbial Clause of Condition
Menunjukkan adanya persyaratan antara dua kejadian (peristiwa) yang berhubungan. Biasanya di
buat dengan menggunakan conjunction seperti if,even if,unless,in the even that,or in even that,in
case,provided (that),on condition yhat,if only,suppose (that),supposing (that) dll.
Contoh :
If I here any news,I will phone you
If you were a mouse,the cat would catch you
Suppose (that) your house burns down,do you have enough insurance to cover such a loss
The company will agree to arbitration on condition (that) the strike is called off at once

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