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SKY MAP SHOWS HOW
THE NIGHT SKY LOOKS
EARLY JAN 10 PM
LATE JAN 9 PM
SKY MAP DRAWN FOR
A LATITUDE OF 35
SOUTH AND IS
SUITABLE FOR
LATITUDES UP
TO 15 NORTH
OR SOUTH
OF THIS
Galaxy
Double Star
Variable Star
Diffuse Nebula
Planetary Nebula
Open Star Cluster
Globular Star Cluster
Star Magnitudes
Symbols
SOUTHERN HEMISPHERE
JANUARY 2007
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-1 0 1 2 3 4
Sky Calendar January 2007
3 Full Moon at 13:57 UT. The full Moon of January is called the Old
Moon or the Moon After Yule in North American folklore.
3 Earth at Perihelion (closest to Sun) at 20h UT. The Sun-Earth
distance is 0.983260 a.u. or about 147.1 million kilometers.
4 Quadrantid Meteor Shower peaks at 00:30 UT. Produces
medium-speed meteors. The radiant is in the constellation
Botes. Parent comet is unknown. Full Moon interferes.
4 Moon near Pollux at 8h UT (evening sky).
5 Moon near Beehive cluster (M44) at 11h UT.
6 Moon very near Saturn at 19h UT (evening sky).
Occultation visible from N. Europe and N.E. Siberia.
7 Moon very near Regulus at 6h UT (morning sky).
Occultation visible from N.E. Europe.
9 Jupiter 5 north of Antares (40 from Sun,
morning sky). Magnitudes 1.8 and +1.0.
10 Moon at apogee (farthest from Earth) at 16h UT
(distance 404,334 km; angular size 29.6').
11 Last Quarter Moon at 12:45 UT.
11 Moon very near Spica at 19h UT (morning sky).
15 Moon very near Antares at 11h UT (45 from Sun,
morning sky).
15 Moon near Jupiter at 13h UT (44 from Sun,
morning sky). Magnitude 1.8.
17 Moon near Mars at 5h UT (26 from Sun, morning sky).
19 New Moon at 4:01 UT. Beginning of lunation 1040.
20 Moon very near Venus at 17h UT (21 from Sun,
evening sky). Occultation visible from southwestern
Africa, southern tip of South America and Antarctica.
22 Moon at perigee (closest to Earth) at 13h UT (366,927 km;
32.6').
25 First Quarter Moon at 23:01 UT.
27 Moon very near the Pleiades at 17h UT (evening sky). Occultation
visible from northern Europe.
31 Mercury near Venus at 23h UT (evening sky). Look for elusive Mercury
about 7 below Venus above the western horizon. Mags. 3.9 and 0.9.
All times in Universal Time (UT). (Australian Eastern Daylight Time = UT + 11 hrs.)
The Evening Sky Map
FREE* EACH MONTH FOR YOU TO EXPLORE, LEARN & ENJOY THE NIGHT SKY
(Add 1 Hour For Daylight Saving)
Copyright 20002007 Kym Thalassoudis. All Rights Reserved.
* TERMS OF USE: FREE FOR NON-COMMERCIAL EDUCATIONAL USE. ASTRONOMY EDUCATION GROUPS
MAY FREELY DISTRIBUTE PRINTED HANDOUTS. FULL DETAILS AT http://Skymaps.com/terms.html
Star Charts & Astro Posters
2007 Astronomy Calendars
Star Atlases & Planispheres
Books for Sky Watchers
All sales support the production and free distribution of The Evening Sky Map.
SAVE ON RECOMMENDED PRODUCTS http://Skymaps.com/store
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INSTRUCTIONS: THE SKY MAP SHOW
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H O R I Z O N
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Copyright 20002007 Kym Thalassoudis. All Rights Reserved.
Easily Seen with the Naked Eye
Easily Seen with Binoculars
Telescopic Objects
Capella Aur The 6th brightest star. Appears yellowish in color. Spectroscopic binary. Dist=42 ly.
Sirius CMa The brightest star in the sky. Also known as the "Dog Star". Dist=8.6 ly.
Procyon CMi Greek name meaning "before the dog" - rises before Sirius (northern latitudes). Dist=11.4 ly.
Canopus Car Second brightest star in the sky. 14,000 times more luminous than the Sun. Dist=310 ly.
Centauri Cen With Alpha Centauri, forms the so-called "Pointers-to-the-Cross". Dist=525 ly.
Centauri Cen Nearest bright star to Sun at 4.4 ly. Brilliant double star in a telescope. 80 year period.
Achernar Eri Brightest star in Eridanus, The River. Arabic name meaning "end of river". Dist=144 ly.
Castor Gem Multiple star system with 6 components. 3 stars visible in telescope. Dist=52 ly.
Pollux Gem With Castor, the twin sons of Leda in classical mythology. Dist=34 ly.
Rigel Ori The brightest star in Orion. Blue supergiant star with mag 7 companion. Dist=770 ly.
Betelgeuse Ori One of the largest red supergiant stars known. Diameter=300 times that of Sun. Dist=430 ly.
Pleiades Tau The Seven Sisters. Spectacular cluster. Many more stars visible in binoculars. Dist=380 ly.
Hyades Tau Large V-shaped star cluster. Binoculars reveal many more stars. Dist=151 ly.
Aldebaran Tau Brightest star in Taurus. It is not associated with the Hyades star cluster. Dist=65 ly.
M38 Aur Stars appear arranged in "pi" or cross shape. Dist=4,300 ly.
M36 Aur About half size of M38. Located in rich Milky Way star field. Dist=4,100 ly.
M37 Aur Very fine star cluster. Discovered by Messier in 1764. Dist=4,400 ly.
M41 CMa First recorded observation by Aristotle in 325 BC as "cloudy spot". Dist=2,300 ly.
2516 Car Spectacular open star cluster of 100 stars spaning 1/2 deg. Dist=1,300 ly.
2808 Car Located 4 deg W of Nu Carinae. Visible to the naked eye on clear nights.
3114 Car Stunning open cluster. 30+ stars visible through 7x binoculars. Dist=2,900 ly.
3293 Car Rich, tightly packed. Surrounded by large, faint nebulosity. Dist=8,500 ly.
IC 2602 Car
3372 Car Eta Carinae Nebula. Enormous glowing cloud in rich star field. Dist=8,000 ly.
3532 Car Herschel - "most brilliant cluster". 60+ stars in 7x binoculars. Dist=1,300 ly.
Mira Cet Famous long period variable star. Mag varies between 3.0 & 10.1 over 332 days.
LMC Dor Large Magellanic Cloud. A neighbouring galaxy of the Milky Way. Dist=180,000 ly.
M35 Gem Fine open cluster located near foot of the twin Castor. Dist=2,800 ly.
M48 Hya 12+ stars in 7x binoculars. Triangular asterism near centre. Dist=1,990 ly.
Leporis Lep Visible with binoculars. Gold & white stars. Mags 3.6 & 6.2. Dist=30 ly. Sep=96.3".
2232 Mon A large scattered star cluster of 20 stars. Dist=1,300 ly.
2244 Mon Surrounded by the rather faint Rosette Nebula. Dist=5,540 ly.
M50 Mon Visible with binoculars. Telescope reveals individual stars. Dist=3,000 ly.
M42 Ori The Great Orion Nebula. Spectacular bright nebula. Best with telescope. Dist=1,500 light years.
Phoenicis Phe Eclipsing binary star and double (mag 8). Varies between 3.9 & 4.4 over 1.667 days.
L
2
Pup Semi-regular variable. Magnitude varies between 2.6 & 6.2 over 140.42 days.
M47 Pup Bright star cluster. 15+ stars in 7x binoculars. Dist=1,500 ly.
M46 Pup Dist=5,400 ly. Contains planetary NGC 2438 (Mag 11, d=65") - not associated.
2451 Pup 30+ stars in binoculars. The brightest star, c Puppis, is red. Dist=850 ly.
253 Scl Fine, large, cigar-shaped galaxy. Requires dark sky. Member of Sculptor Group.
47 Tucanae Tuc Spectacular object. Telescope will reveal stars. Near edge of SMC. Dist=15,000 ly.
Tucanae Tuc Complex multiple star. Binoculars show one pair. Telescope required to split primary star.
SMC Tuc Small Magellanic Cloud. Companion galaxy to Milky Way. Requires dark sky. Dist=210,000 ly.
2547 Vel Fine open cluster visible through binoculars. Dist=1,300 ly.
IC 2391 Vel Omicron Velorum Cluster. Superb object for binoculars. Dist=450 ly.
2070 Dor Tarantula Nebula. A bright nebula located in LMC. A star-forming region.
Eridani Eri Striking blue-white double star. Mags 3.2 & 4.3. Visible in a small telescope. Sep=8.2".
Monocerotis Mon Triple star. Mags 4.6, 5.0 & 5.4. Requires telescope to view arc-shape. Sep=7.3".
2264 Mon Christmas Tree Cluster. Associated with the Cone Nebula. Dist=2,450 ly.
Orionis Ori Superb multiple star. 2 mag 7 stars one side, mag 9 star on other. Struve 761 triple in field.
k Puppis Pup Telescope easily shows two blue-white stars of almost equal brightness. Sep=9.9".
M1 Tau Crab Nebula. Remnant from supernova which was visible in 1054. Dist=6,500 ly.
3132 Vel One of the brightest planetaries. Magnitude 10 central star. Dist=2,600 ly.
About the Celestial Objects
Listed on this page are several of the brighter, more interesting celestial objects
visible in the evening sky this month (refer to the monthly sky map). The objects are
grouped into three categories. Those that can be easily seen with the naked eye (that
is, without optical aid), those easily seen with binoculars, and those requiring a
telescope to be appreciated. Note, all of the objects (except single stars) will
appear more impressive when viewed through a telescope or very large
binoculars. They are grouped in this way to highlight objects that can be seen using
the optical equipment that may be available to the star gazer.
Tips for Observing the Night Sky
When observing the night sky, and in particular deep-sky objects such as star clusters,
nebulae, and galaxies, its always best to observe from a dark location. Avoid direct
light from street lights and other sources. If possible observe from a dark location
away from the light pollution that surrounds many of todays large cities.
You will see more stars after your eyes adapt to the darknessusually about 10 to
20 minutes after you go outside. Also, if you need to use a torch to view the sky
map, cover the light bulb with red cellophane. This will preserve your dark vision.
Finally, even though the Moon is one of the most stunning objects to view
through a telescope, its light is so bright that it brightens the sky and makes many of
the fainter objects very difcult to see. So try to observe the evening sky on
moonless nights around either New Moon or Last Quarter.
Astronomical Glossary
Conjunction An alignment of two celestial bodies such that they present the least
angular separation as viewed from Earth.
Constellation A dened area of the sky containing a star pattern.
Diffuse Nebula A cloud of gas illuminated by nearby stars.
Double Star Two stars that appear close to each other in the sky; either linked by
gravity so that they orbit each other (binary star) or lying at different distances from
Earth (optical double). Apparent separation of stars is given in seconds of arc (").
Ecliptic The path of the Suns center on the celestial sphere as seen from Earth.
Elongation The angular separation of two celestial bodies. For Mercury and Venus
the greatest elongation occurs when they are at their most angular distance from the
Sun as viewed from Earth.
Galaxy A mass of up to several billion stars held together by gravity.
Globular Star Cluster A ball-shaped group of several thousand old stars.
Light Year (ly) The distance a beam of light travels at 300,000 km/sec in one year.
Magnitude The brightness of a celestial object as it appears in the sky.
Open Star Cluster A group of tens or hundreds of relatively young stars.
Opposition When a celestial body is opposite the Sun in the sky.
Planetary Nebula The remnants of a shell of gas blown off by a star.
Universal Time (UT) A time system used by astronomers. Australian Eastern
Standard Time (for example Sydney, Australia) is 10 hours ahead of UT.
Variable Star A star that changes brightness over a period of time.
The "Five of Diamonds". Bright cluster twice diameter of full Moon. Dist=500 ly.