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Building Technologies

DESIGO


Building automation & control
system
System description
Version 2.3



Contents
The DESIGO building automation and control system: the powerful, open system4
The DESIGO system topology...................................................................................... 5
System functions........................................................................................................... 6
Operation and monitoring................................................................................................ 6
Trend/History ................................................................................................................... 7
Alarm management ......................................................................................................... 8
Scheduler/Calendar ......................................................................................................... 9
Access rights ................................................................................................................. 10
Communication networks .............................................................................................. 11
The management level: DESIGO INSIGHT ................................................................ 12
The taskbar.................................................................................................................... 13
Plant Viewer .................................................................................................................. 14
Scheduler ...................................................................................................................... 15
Alarm Viewer ................................................................................................................. 16
Alarm Router ................................................................................................................. 17
Trend Viewer ................................................................................................................. 18
Object Viewer ................................................................................................................ 19
Log Viewer..................................................................................................................... 21
DESIGO INSIGHT Web Access .................................................................................... 22
The DESIGO PX automation level .............................................................................. 24
The compact automation stations.................................................................................. 25
The modular automation stations .................................................................................. 26
Operation at the automation level.................................................................................. 27
The field level: the DESIGO I/O modules................................................................... 30
Room automation DESIGO RX................................................................................ 32
Range overview DESIGO RXC .................................................................................. 33
Range overview DESIGO RXB .................................................................................. 34
The room unit: the key to individual comfort ................................................................. 35
Applications ................................................................................................................... 35
Integration into the building management system......................................................... 36
DESIGO OPEN.............................................................................................................. 37
The management level: INSIGHT OPEN ...................................................................... 38
The automation level: PX OPEN ................................................................................... 39
The field level: I/O OPEN .............................................................................................. 41
DESIGO tools and software blocks ........................................................................... 42
DESIGO tools ................................................................................................................ 42
Programming with D-MAP............................................................................................. 43
Libraries......................................................................................................................... 43
Energy management ................................................................................................... 44
Appendix ...................................................................................................................... 46
System topologies ......................................................................................................... 46
3
The DESIGO building automation and
control system: the powerful, open system
DESIGO is a new and up-to-date family of freely programmable
management and automation stations for the full spectrum of today's
building services applications. With system functions such as alarm
management, time scheduling, and trend logging, combined with
sophisticated control functions, DESIGO is a highly versatile asset in
a building. Innovative Web technology, open databases and open
communications make DESIGO a financially wise investment in the
future.
The scalable system: for all projects from small to large
With its graded range of automation stations, room controllers and operator units,
DESIGO is ideally suited to projects of all sizes and for all types of building. A flat
system topology permits low-cost entry with small systems which can be extended and
expanded when required.
Open to integration
DESIGO is consistent in its support of open communications, making it easy to connect
a wide variety of building services equipment on the basis of standard open data
interfaces:
BACnet for the automation level and management level network
LON and KNX (EIB) for the networking of the room automation system and
distributed secondary processes
M bus, Modbus, OPC and other interfaces for universal connection of third-party
devices and systems
Easy to operate
DESIGO INSIGHT uses life-like graphics to portray complex issues simply.
Typical aspects of air conditioning, such as psychrometric charts and heating curves, or
control routines such as load shedding and mains recovery are illustrated with clarity.
The interfaces, designed in accordance with ergonomic principles, permit optimum use
of the system and can be mastered quickly by operators. Access is also available via
the intranet and Internet.
Long-term investment protection and economy at every stage
DESIGO places emphasis on long-term investment protection by focusing consistently
on compatibility. DESIGO integrates today's automation systems seamlessly into
tomorrow's world. Changes in use, system expansion and retrofit projects can all be
handled in gradual stages.

4
The DESIGO system topology
The DESIGO system can be divided into three levels: the management level, the
automation level and the field level. By virtue of distributed intelligence, each of these
levels operates both autonomously and in a network.
The principal DESIGO system components:
DESIGO INSIGHT, the management
station, for higher-level operation and
monitoring, graphics-based display of the
process, automatic alarm distribution and
a wide range of different data analysis
options.
DESIGO PX, the automation system for
control, operation and monitoring of the
primary plant. By use of PX-WEB, the
automation system can be operated via a
Web client.

The I/O modules, which provide the
interface to the devices at the field level, the
sensors and actuators.
DESIGO RX, the room automation system,
for control of comfort conditions in individual
rooms, and for operation of lighting and
blinds.
DESIGO OPEN, for the integration of a wide
variety of plant at all levels of the system.

BACnet / Ethernet / IP
BACnet / LON
PXM20
PXR...
DESIGO INSIGHT
PXC... PXG80-W
E-mail
Pager
PXG80-N
PXC...
PXM10
RS232
LonMark / LON
DESIGO RXC
PXE-CRS PXC... PXM10
RS232
BACnet / LON
DESIGO RXB
INSIGHT OPEN DESIGO INSIGHT
E-mail
Pager
Fax
ADP / CC
VISONIK
UNIGYR
INTEGRAL
F
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l
d

l
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v
e
l
PXC...-U
with PXM20
I/O modules
Third-party LON
Third-party
KNX S-mode / EIB
Third-party system
PXC...-U
with PXM20
Third-party
Third-party
Web client
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Mobile
phone
Mobile
phone
KNX S-mode / EIB

Overall topology of the DESIGO system

One of the key benefits of DESIGO is its scope for gradual expansion, from the
smallest systems through to large, distributed systems. Scalability is illustrated by
further examples of topologies in the appendix.
5
System functions

Operation and monitoring
Operators of the DESIGO building automation and control system have a versatile
range of equipment at their disposal, offering convenient access to the system and the
plant.
Operator station
The DESIGO INSIGHT management station is a powerful and user-friendly interface for
monitoring of the overall system. User access to DESIGO INSIGHT can be matched to the
level of responsibility of a given user of the building automation and control system.
DESIGO INSIGHT Web Access allows access to the management level using Web
technology.
The PX-WEB software uses Web technology to map all plant and system information from the
automation level to a standard Web browser.

Room operator unit
With the QAX product range, room users can view and operate the setpoints and measured
values used for individual room control.

Operation in the control panel
The user-friendly, graphics-based PXM10 operator unit allows full local operation of the
automation stations.
The network-compatible graphics-based PXM20 operator unit presents all plant and system
information in an easy-to-understand format, with a plain-text commentary.

Manual operation
The DESIGO I/O modules in the PTM product range include facilities for
manual/emergency operation of plant and for the display of operating states.
The PXC36-S compact automation station incorporates slide switches which can be
configured for manual operation or as freely-assignable outputs.


PX-WEB
QAX5...
PTM...
DESIGO
INSIGHT
QAX3...
PXC36-S
Manual
operation
PXM10
local
PXM20
local &
central
1
0
5
0
0
Z
1
1
e
n
Operator
station
Room
operator unit
Operation in
the control
panel

6
Trend/History
Fully integrated trend data processing allows effortless evaluation and analysis of real-
time (online) data and (offline) historical data. The trend feature simplifies the
monitoring and fine-tuning of the plant. In the DESIGO system this feature is
implemented in the form of trend log objects, in compliance with BACnet standard.
Data for trend analysis can be logged in a variety of different ways, satisfying a whole
range of requirements:
Trend logging options: Sampling options:
Continuous logging
Single run
Transient run (logging for a defined period)

Polling
COV polling (Change of Value)
Event-driven polling

Trend graphs can be displayed both on the PXM20 operator unit and on the
management station. The management station also allows displays in color and in 2D
or 3D.

Drag
D
r
a
g
+
D
rop

Trend Viewer on PXM20 operator unit and DESIGO INSIGHT management station
With the Online Trend option, individual data points are registered on a COV basis or
through polling, and displayed immediately. The values are stored temporarily to allow
the analysis of transient response patterns, for example.
Online trend
The Offline Trend option by contrast, does not depend on a permanent connection
between the automation station and the operator unit, since the values in the
automation station can be stored temporarily for retrieval on the operator unit as
needed.
Offline trend
Features of Online Trend: Features of Offline Trend:
Real-time display of process data
Can be based on changes in the value of a
data point (COVs) or on periodic sampling
by Trend Viewer (times can be configured)
Offline data display, no connection required
Longer periods of time (day, month)
Data acquisition in the automation system
The data is uploaded to the management
level at regular intervals or as needed

7
Alarm management
One of the most important features of a building automation and control system is the
ability to generate alarms automatically in response to faults which may occur in the
HVAC and other plant, or in the automation system itself. The management of alarms
(generation, display and handling) must be simple, efficient and consistent at all levels
of the system. DESIGO uses the BACnet alarm functions, and supports the following
three types of alarm with up to 256 alarm priority levels:
Simple alarm (for alarms not requiring user interaction)
Basic alarms (for alarms requiring acknowledgment)
Extended alarms (alarms requiring acknowledgement and reset)

When an alarm occurs, it is automatically detected, registered and transferred to
operator units such as PXM20 or PX-WEB, or to the DESIGO INSIGHT management
station. Informative alarm messages are also transmitted to remote devices such as
mobile phones, fax machines, printers or PCs and Web browsers, via SMS and e-mail.
Clear alarm lists provide a view of all pending and time-stamped alarms at a glance,
and permit straightforward processing. Operators are alerted to incoming and pending
alarms by means of pop-up windows and audible and visual signals.
Alarm messages
Alarms are transferred on the basis of time, priority and/or plant type, using an
outstandingly powerful alarm routing system at the management station. This ensures
the uninterrupted routing of alarms, whether or not there is an operator sitting at the
management station. Users are supported in their work by various overview options
which help ensure a fast and correct response even in critical alarm situations.
Alarm routing


Alarm messages on the PXM20 operator unit and the DESIGO INSIGHT management
station

8
Scheduler/Calendar
One of the basic functions of a building automation and control system is time control of
procedures and processes.
The plant in the building is operated on the basis of business and working hours, and
holidays.
Scheduler programs ensure that the heating and lighting are switched off automatically
at the end of the working day, that the temperature in the building is reduced at night,
and that the plant is not kept running for longer than necessary. They can also be used
to switch off the air conditioning in certain rooms during holidays.
The ideal scheduler programs help save energy and increase the service life of the
plant. This is another area where DESIGO excels with its straightforward and
exceptionally user-friendly operation.
Saving energy and increasing
the service life of plant
Time-switching operations in the DESIGO building automation and control system are
implemented in accordance with the BACnet standard, using the BACnet objects
"Schedule" and "Calendar". for flexible operation of the building. From simple 7-day
schedules to recurring exceptions, these powerful functions make programming easy.
By use of standard BACnet functions, the BACnet scheduler programs can be operated
system-wide from the user-friendly operator units PXM20 and PX-WEB and from the
DESIGO INSIGHT management station.
Scheduler program on PXM20 operator unit and DESIGO INSIGHT management station
For safety reasons, schedules and calendars are stored in the automation station, so
that in the event of a network or PC failure, the automation level can continue to
operate autonomously.
9
Access rights
Access rights can be used to filter information from the plant and system based on the
individual requirements of a user. The resident engineer or the service engineers, for
example, only have access to the information they strictly need. A distinction can also
be made between read access and write access. Certain users may be able to read a
value but not modify it, while other users may have extended access rights, enabling
them both to read and to modify values.
Only authorized personnel are granted access to the system via the operator units.
When a user enters a user name and password, the system verifies the associated
access rights and enables access to the relevant plant. Read and write access rights
can be defined in detail, right down to individual information points.
Freely-definable access
rights
The following classes of access are supported in the DESIGO system: Users supported system-
wide
Internal
Extended service
Basic service
Administration
Extended operation
Standard operation
Basic operation

In addition to the above, it is possible to enable or disable the use of the various
applications, access to individual graphics pages and access to entire sites from the
management station for specific user groups. The tailoring of the environment to each
user ensures clear areas of responsibility, so simplifying cooperation between the
various user groups.
10
Communication networks
Communication standards: specifically designed for building services
With the BACnet (Building Automation and Control network) open communications
protocol, compliant devices can be interconnected at low cost. The worldwide BACnet
standard was developed specifically for the needs of building services, under the
auspices of ASHRAE (the American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-
Conditioning Engineers). BACnet networks provide all subscribers with access to all the
data and functions of the connected devices.
For the exchange of information among its own system components, DESIGO uses
three standard protocols, recognized worldwide: BACnet, LONMARK and KNX S-mode
(EIB). The BACnet communication protocol is used for the exchange of information
between one DESIGO PX automation station and another, and between DESIGO PX
and DESIGO INSIGHT.
BACnet, LONMARK and
KNX S-mode (EIB)
DESIGO uses Ethernet/IP, LonTalk or PTP (point-to-point, modem or null-modem) as
the transport medium. At the room automation level, DESIGO RX communicates in
accordance with the LONMARK standard or KNX S-mode (EIB).
In the case of BACnet/IP over Ethernet, the standard transport protocol UDP is used,
since BACnet already provides adequate mechanisms for the control of data transport.
Like TCP, UDP is a transport protocol, but unlike TCP, it is a wireless protocol.
BACnet/IP
DESIGO is a native BACnet system, and as such, every device incorporates BACnet
as a basic, integrated and permanently available feature. The management stations
and automation stations are all implemented as full BACnet nodes. BACnet is
integrated directly without the need for any special conversion of data. BACnet
communications can be generated without additional hardware or services.
Native BACnet
DESIGO is compatible with the communications resources of the legacy automation
systems UNIGYR, VISONIK, INTEGRAL and SIMATIC S7 and allows their seamless
integration. Changes in use, system expansion and retrofit projects can all be handled
in gradual stages.
Connection of legacy
systems
11
The management level: DESIGO INSIGHT

The clearly structured, modular, object-oriented software of the DESIGO INSIGHT
management station is based on the latest standard Windows technology: Windows
XP, MS-SQL, and .NET.
The functional scope and ease of use of the software reduces operating costs and
familiarization time, while at the same time maintaining operational reliability. The
DESIGO I NSIGHT applications are presented below:
DESIGO INSIGHT via the taskbar
Provides a quick overall view of the system and is used to start whichever user applications are required.
Plant Viewer: Realistic plant graphics for fast, targeted
monitoring and operation of the system.
Time Scheduler: Central programming of all time-
controlled building services functions.
Alarm Viewer: Provides a detailed overall view of alarms
from between one and 1,000 buildings for the fast location
and elimination of faults.
Alarm Router: Flexible transmission of alarms to printers,
fax machines, mobile phones and e-mail.
Trend Viewer: Convenient analysis of trend data for fine-
tuning the operation of plant
Object Viewer, System Browser: An efficient tool for
navigation through the hierarchical tree-structure to all the
data points in the system. These points can then be read or
manipulated, depending on the access rights of the user
concerned.

Log Viewer: Alarms, errors and user activities are logged
in chronological order, and can be displayed for further
evaluation, as needed.
Web Access: Provides access to the Web applications
"Web Graphics", "Web Alarms", "Web Log" and "Web
Reports".
System Configurator: Used to configure the general setup
of the DESIGO INSIGHT management station and the
associated applications.
Graphics Builder: Powerful tool for efficient creation of
customized plant graphics.
Open drivers, such as BACnet, OPC, EIB, LON etc.
For direct integration of various interfaces into the
management station.
Online tools for existing systems


Plant graphics in Plant Viewer
12
The taskbar
The shell is the first application to appear when DESIGO INSIGHT is started. It is
displayed with a taskbar which provides fast and direct access to all the user
applications, and displays important status information.
In the case of several remote sites, it is possible to switch from one site to another via
the taskbar, subject to the appropriate access rights. This ensures clear demarcation
lines between the various areas of responsibility.

The DESIGO INSIGHT taskbar
The user's entry into the system is simplified by user-specific start-sequences with
preselected programs and plant. The icons on the taskbar provide access to the main
user applications:

Plant Viewer the graphical interface to the plant

Alarm Viewer displays the state of abnormal alarm points

Trend Viewer displays graphs containing live data

Log Viewer displays all event messages including alarms

Object Viewer shows all data points in the system, in list form

Scheduler allows the user to modify plant switch times

Alarm Router routes alarms to printers, fax machines, mobile phones
and e-mail systems

Number of current system alarms

Online Help

Number of connected sites

Pending alarms in order of priority


Background and safety features of DESIGO INSIGHT:
Life Check feature for checking the
connection to the automation systems
Automatic DESIGO INSIGHT start and
login via Windows user login.
Alarm upload after system start
Password expiry
Check on unauthorized login attempts
User and password can be synchronized
with those of the Windows user

Management station locked by timeout after
period without user activity
Time synchronization between management
station and automation stations
Verification of hard disk memory capacity and
availability of database
Verification of correct running of all DESIGO
INSIGHT applications


13
Plant Viewer
Plant Viewer displays the areas of a building and the associated plant in graphical form.
The user works interactively with these views to monitor and control the data points
throughout the building. Values can be modified and alarms can be acknowledged by
clicking on the object concerned.
Plant Viewer is based on the Citect process display software supplied by Citect Pty Ltd.
Citect is a world leader in the supply of SCADA systems.
Process display
Numerous windows of different sizes can be displayed simultaneously (overlapping
or tiled). Even large graphics, such as floor plans etc. can be accommodated, and the
freely definable page size makes them easy to view.

Measured values, setpoints, operating modes and alarms are displayed on the screen
in real-time, and updated continuously. The form of display is determined in the
engineering phase. Changes are indicated either by the object symbol (e.g. through
animation or a change in shape or color), or by the movement, color, shape, or text of
the values affected.
Real-time display
Other features of Plant Viewer:
Genuine multitasking with fully dynamic
functioning of all active pages
Object-oriented operation and monitoring of
plant
Freely definable page sizes for versatile
handling of several pages in the same
screen
Page selection via dialog box, context menu
or hyperlinks
Integrated standard page selection features
based on the page naming strategy.
Standard functions such as Last/Next/Top
etc
Object-oriented navigation between
applications
Definition of, and quick access to "Favorite"
pages
ToolTips for all dynamic objects, with the
option of User, Technical or System
Designation
Context-specific information such as text,
photos or maintenance information can be
added to each dynamic symbol
Black-and-white or color graphics printing
Import of Windows 32-bit supported
graphics file formats, such as AutoCAD and
PXC
User privileges for access to different levels
Tools for efficient and error-free engineering
14
Scheduler
The Time Scheduler application in DESIGO INSIGHT can be used for central
programming of all time-controlled functions in the building services plant, including the
individual room control system.
The facilities for graphics-based operation of the weekly schedules and exception
programs enable the user to modify and optimize scheduler programs simply,
whenever necessary.
Graphics-based operation
Principal functions:
Graphics-based overview and
manipulation of all scheduler programs
in the system
Easy graphics-based programming of
switch times
Programs invoked directly from the plant
graphics
Logging of user activities
Direct entry of various operating modes
(e.g. Comfort, Standby, Energy Hold-off etc.)
Storage and processing are independent
of the management station
Reports printed in different display formats
Calendars operated via the same easy-to-use
interface



System Browser view, and overview of daily profiles in the Time Scheduler application

15
Alarm Viewer
The Alarm Viewer application displays alarms by type, and provides the user with
helpful information as to the system intervention required. With its extensive filter and
search functions, Alarm Viewer facilitates fast and well-targeted access to the required
information.
In larger systems with more than one management station, all management stations
access the same alarm database. An alarm for any given management station is
entered in this database and automatically displayed on all other management stations.
Functions in Alarm Viewer:
View, acknowledge and reset single or
multiple alarms.
Display the associated alarm property sheet
with detailed data point information.
Read associated alarm help text with
operating instructions or additional
information in text form
Object-oriented navigation to other
applications, such as Plant Viewer and
Log Viewer



Pop-up windows
The pop-up window is an important means of attracting the attention of the user in the
event of an alarm. Incoming alarms are displayed in a pop-up window that opens on the
Windows desktop and appears in the foreground of all other applications (including
third-party applications).
If several alarms occur, they are displayed one after the other. To further alert the user
to the alarm with an audible signal, an audio file (.wav) can be added to each alarm
window defined.
The appearance of the pop-up window can be varied for each alarm category. From
this window, the user can invoke helpful instructions about the required response to the
alarm, or jump directly to other applications such as Plant Viewer or Alarm Viewer.

16
Alarm Router
The Alarm Router application is a highly effective feature of building automation and
control. Important messages or events in the building automation and control system
are transferred to specific receivers without the need for any user action at the
management station. Alarm Router is a background application which starts when
DESIGO INSIGHT is started, whether or not a user or site is connected. Alarms and
important system events can be transferred via the following media:
Printers
Fax machines
Pagers
Mobile phones
E-mail systems

Alarms can be grouped according to various criteria. A routing table defines the
conditions under which these alarm groups are to be routed to the assigned receivers.
In the event of connection problems, the alarm messages can be transmitted to
alternative receivers. The criteria include the following, for example:
Criteria for the transfer of
alarms
Time schedules and exceptions (e.g. at night, switch to the printer in the security
guard's office)
Responsibility for the site (e.g. send a fax to the company responsible for
maintaining the air conditioning)
Urgency of the alarm (e.g. only call resident engineer by pager in the case of high
priority alarms)



17
Trend Viewer
The Trend Viewer application is used to review current process data in real time
(online) and past process data (offline) over a period of time. Trend Viewer is an easy-
to-handle tool which can be used to optimize the operation of plant and reduce costs.
Activities in Trend Viewer:
Process values and measured values
logged over a period of time
Minimum and maximum values retained in
graphs irrespective of time range

Monitoring of current plant conditions
Plant optimization and fine-tuning
Response times appropriate for the support
of large trend databases
Up to ten process values can be displayed in 2D and 3D graphs in a single trend view.
Both online and offline data can be displayed simultaneously in separate windows,
enabling the user to compare past and current situations.
Drag
D
r
a
g
+
D
rop

Drag
Drop
Objects can be dragged from the System Browser and dropped directly into Trend Viewer
Essentially, trend data can be displayed in three different modes:
Online trend logging: displays real-time process data which is updated whenever a
change of value (COV) occurs, or as the result of a time-based scan
Offline trend logging: displays past process data which has been uploaded to a
database at the management level.
Archive data: displays older data which has been moved from the trend database
into archive files

The trend views can be saved and invoked at a later date. Online trend data is
continuously logged and stored in the trend database.

18
Object Viewer
Object Viewer helps users of the building automation and control system to navigate
efficiently through the entire structure. The hierarchically organized data objects are
easy to select, view and modify.
Object Viewer supports three different hierarchical views:
Technical View
The technical view is the plant-based
standard view associated with the technical
designation.
User View
The user view is based on customer-specific
user designations (user addresses). The
address structure and contents are defined as
part of the DESIGO PX engineering process.

System View
The system view is a standard hierarchical
view, representing the topology of the
BACnet network, whereby a site contains
devices and each device contains objects.





Technical View User View System View
Various System Browser views
19
System Browser
The left pane of Object Viewer contains the System Browser, which displays a
hierarchically structured view of the system (in a tree-structure). The right pane of
Object Viewer displays the contents of the currently selected object.

Detailed alarm display in Object Viewer

Functions in Object Viewer:
Fast navigation through the building
automation and control system
Fast location of objects and alarms
Detailed information on the properties of
each object
Display of real-time data from the process
Modification of setpoints and parameters,
and manual override of outputs
Jump functions Back / Next
Modification and definition of
object-related text
Function with wildcarding for quick and
direct access to certain objects
Object search in other views by changing
view in context-menu
Read/Write access levels are supported.
Object Editor: A user-friendly user interface
for editing all imported objects

20
Log Viewer
Log Viewer provides users with access to all events that have occurred within the
system. Events and user activities are archived in chronological order in the log
database and can be viewed whenever required.
The data logging system is a background service performed by the Event Handler in
DESIGO INSIGHT, which continuously logs reported events as follows:
Event Handler
Alarm events from the process level, such as plant alarms and high priority warnings.
The alarm is logged when it occurs, and thereafter upon acknowledgment, reset and
return to normal.
System events from DESIGO INSIGHT management stations and PX automation
stations. Examples are communication failures, selection procedures, start-up,
shutdown, hard-disk monitoring, battery checks etc.
User events for reporting user activities on management station. These include
authorized and unauthorized user log-in procedures and the modification of values,
parameters and setpoints etc.
Status events from the process level, such as plant ON/OFF etc.
The user interface of Log Viewer has the same "look & feel" as the Alarm Viewer and is
based on the same versatile sort and filter functions.


Functions in Log Viewer:
Query-configurations can be stored and re-
used. The status bar displays the current
filter and sort status
The Log Viewer display is divided into five
tabs: All, Alarm, System, User and Status,
enabling the user to pre-select events of a
particular category
Columns can be flexibly rearranged, re-
sized or hidden as required

The events logged for a specific object,
such as events associated with a given site,
automation station or data point, can be
located quickly in the left pane (System
Browser).
Logging of changes in the project
configuration
Parameter modification feature includes
original parameter value

The logged data is stored on a Microsoft SQL server or in an MSDE database, and
protected by password.
The archiving function serves to remove data from the runtime databases. This is
necessary firstly to create space for new data in cases where storage capacity is
normally limited, and secondly, to store the data in a suitable form for retrieval at a later
date. The removed data is archived in a safe location for later retrieval and display if
required. Data is archived in DESIGO INSIGHT automatically on the basis of time or
quantity of data accumulated, or manually by the user.
Log and trend data archiving
21
DESIGO INSIGHT Web Access
Web Access provides access to the system via a browser, using integrated Web
technology.
This cost-effective solution reduces the cost of training, software installation and
maintenance. DESIGO INSIGHT Web Access facilitates and encourages the simple
distribution of building information to those who need it, and at the point where it is
needed.
Unlike many other Web-based solutions, Web Access does not use any script
components on the client side. All processing takes place on the Web server. This
means that client browsers can work with Web Access without having to download any
browser add-ons. Many customer networks inhibit or even forbid the downloading of
Active-X or similar scripts.
User authentication is achieved by integrating Windows network access and the
authorized DESIGO INSIGHT users. Each time a user accesses the system, the
appropriate DESIGO INSIGHT user access rights are automatically assigned to the
Web pages displayed.
Index Page is the equivalent of the "Home Page". From here, the user can obtain a
quick overall view of the system, or start navigating around the site.
Graphics-based view of the plant at the automation level, including dynamic
updates of status and alarms, and navigation through the hierarchy. Data points can
be operated and alarms can be manipulated directly in the graphics. The pages can
be generated with the standard graphics in Plant Viewer, so retaining the familiar
DESIGO INSIGHT look and feel. No special Web authoring tools are required.
Alarms from the DESIGO INSIGHT database are collated in tables. They can be
sorted, filtered, and predefined, or processed dynamically. Users can process alarms
and receive dynamic feedback from the system.
Log data logged on the management station can be retrieved via a browser. All
activities in the browser are added, with the relevant user designations, to the normal
DESIGO INSIGHT entries in the central log database.
Reports can be displayed dynamically and used for data point control. The limited
performance of some handheld Web browsers can be overcome by use of reports.
The User information option provides an overview of the Read and Write privileges
of a logged-in user.

Features of Web Access (via a Web browser):
Fast access to important user functions
Display and edit plant graphics
Possibility of immediate display and
processing of alarms
Logging in the log database of remote users
and activities for later evaluation in the
browser

Filtering and sorting of data in the alarm and
log databases, for fast access to the
information required
The integration of the DESIGO INSIGHT
access rights into the Windows network
ensures access security based on
predefined access rights

22

Graphical view of the plant


Alarm handling
23
The DESIGO PX automation level

The most striking features of DESIGO PX are the consistent openness of the system
and the scalability of the system with its freely programmable automation stations and
operator units. DESIGO PX reliably meets all expectations associated with the control
and monitoring of building services.
A family of freely programmable automation stations
With its range of compact and modular automation stations, DESIGO PX can be
perfectly matched both to the preferences of the customer and to the building services
plant. The two categories of automation station are equal in respect of their control
functions and both are freely programmable. Supported by graphics-based
programming, the processing functions are fast, accurate and field-proven. In addition,
important system functions such as fine-tuning programs, time schedules, local trend
storage and recovery after a power failure are implemented in the automation stations
themselves. The plant operator can display all the required information on the LCD
display panel of the PXM10 and PXM20 operator units.

A range of graded operator units
Room users and building operators benefit from a comprehensive range of operator
units which can be used for targeted modification of room conditions or of the whole
plant.


24
The compact automation stations
The mounting technique and fixed configuration of integrated I/Os in the compact
series automation stations make them ideal for control of small and distributed plant.
The I/Os in these automation stations can be adapted to various types of signal.
The automation stations are installed directly in the control panel. The operator units
are connected to the BACnet automation bus or via the PPS bus or Tool/HMI port.


PXC36-S automation station PXC10-TL automation station

Type PXC10-TL PXC12
PXC12-T
PXC22
PXC22-T
PXC36
PXC36-S
PXC52
I/O total 10 12 22 36 52
UI 4 6 8 12 16
DI 4 0 4 12 16
AO 0 4 4 6 8
DO 2 2 6 6 12
Types
I/O configuration of the compact-series automation stations
UI Universal inputs, which can be connected to passive (LG-Ni 1000) and active (DC 010
V) sensor elements, or to binary volt-free contacts, for signaling functions.
DI Binary-only inputs for signaling and counting functions (max. 4 x 20 Hz counters per
PXC).
AO Analog outputs for the connection of 0 ... 10 V actuators or for binary control. Via the
program structure, analog outputs can also be programmed as binary switch functions and
connected to 24 V/20 mA loads.
DO AC 230 V / 2A relay outputs for binary control
Ports/interfaces
PPS2 For the connection of up to 5 QAX3 room units
LON For BACnet communications between automation stations
COM2 Modem port for automation stations with a T-suffix
Tool/HMI For operator unit or DESIGO tools

The PXC36-S automation station also incorporates built-in manual switches and
additional LED indicators. The manual controls, with switch positions
"Auto/Stop/Manual" or "Auto/0/1/2", can be used for direct switch control of actuators or
freely configured in software for other purposes.
The PXC10-TL, PXC12-T and PXC22-T automation stations are designed for direct
connection of a modem and can be used for remote management and alarm handling
in conjunction with DESIGO INSIGHT.
The PXC10-TL automation station is also optimized for wall mounting and has a built-in
230 V supply and a freely-programmable LED button.
25
The modular automation stations
The modularseries automation stations with their flexible I/O configuration are
primarily used for the control and monitoring of larger items of plant. The complete
range of input/output modules, for signaling, measuring, counting, switching and
positioning, supports all common types of signal. The I/O modules with local manual
controls on the module housing provide the plant operator with simple manual
operation of the plant directly in the control panel. This local manual control is
automatically transmitted as a remote/local signal to the automation station and
associated operator units. In an emergency, they operate independently of the
automation station, providing stand-alone emergency operation.
Where necessary, the modular automation station can be fitted with an extension
module for direct connection of a modem to allow remote management and alarm
handling in conjunction with DESIGO INSIGHT or PX-WEB.

PXC...-U modular automation stations Extension module PXA30-T

Type
PXC64-U Modular automation station with 64 load units
PXC128-U Modular automation station with 128 load units
PXA30-T Extension module for remote management

Ports/interfaces
PPS2 For the connection of up to 5 QAX3 room units
LON For BACnet communications between automation stations
P bus Connection for I/O modules
Tool/HMI For operator unit or DESIGO Tools
Types


DESIGO I/O modules with optional manual operation and integrated isolating terminal feature
26
Operation at the automation level
PXM20 plant operator terminal
The PXM20 network-compatible operator terminal allows full operation of all automation
stations connected to a BACnet network. As a BACnet client, the PXM20 automatically
reads the data from the automation stations. It is therefore always up to date and can
be replaced while the system is in operation.
The operator terminal has a high-resolution illuminated display for graphics and text,
keys for operation, and a common alarm indicator with an audible signal. It can be
installed remotely in a control panel door to operate compact and modular automation
stations, or it can be plugged directly into a modular automation station.
The clearly arranged function buttons and
fast access buttons ensure correct
operation, even by inexperienced users.

PXM20 operator unit



Graphics-based heating curve display Alarm summary
Online trend Time scheduler

PXM20 operator functions
Alarm monitoring with acknowledgement
and visual and audible alarm indication
Data point display and operation of all
measured values, setpoints, plant states,
operating states and parameters
Graphics-based display and operation of
time schedules, exception calendar,
online-trend and heating curve
User-friendly guidance through the plant
functions
Favorites, configurable overview of main
values in the plant
Multi-level access protection


27
PXM10 plant operator terminal
The PXM10 operator terminal allows full local operation of a DESIGO PXC or PXR
automation station. The unit incorporates user-friendly "one-button" operation and a
high-quality display panel.
The PXM10 can be installed remotely in a control panel door to operate compact and
modular automation stations, or it can be plugged directly into a modular automation
station.


PXM10 operator unit Setpoint and measured value display

Alarm display Scheduler

PXM10 operator functions
Display of measured values, setpoints,
plant states and operating modes
Setpoint adjustment where required
Visual alarm display
Alarm display with scope for
acknowledgement
Graphics-based display of
time schedules

QAX room operator units
Up to five bus-compatible QAX... room devices can be connected to the PPS bus of
each automation station. The various options include:
Digital display options
Status display
Plant switching functions


QAX30.1 QAX31.1 QAX32.1 QAX33.1 QAX34.1

QAX30.1 QAX31.1 QAX32.1 QAX33.1 QAX34.1
Room temperature sensor
Setpoint correction
Operating mode switch
Fan speed switch
LCD display for room temperature,
setpoint adjustment and operating mode
Function overview, QAX
room operator units
28
Web operation with PX-WEB
With its integrated Internet technology, the PXG80-W/WN embedded Web server
allows full operation of the plant associated with the PXC, PXR and PXE automation
stations by use of a standard Web browser. The operating concept and functional
scope are like those of the PXM20.

PXG80-W/WN Web server Monitoring and operation via Web client

Main functions of PX-WEB:
Operation via Web browser or mobile clients
(mobile phone, Simpad, PocketPC or PDA)
Simple plug-and-play functions; no
engineering needed
User-friendly guidance through the plant
functions
Full access to all measured values,
setpoints, plant and operating states, and
parameters
Comprehensive data point operation and
setpoint entry using clear text
Alarm management via SMS (to specified
telephone number) or by e-mail
Operation of time schedules, exception
calendar and heating curve graph
Reading of trend data, with the facility to
export data to Microsoft Excel for evaluation
purposes
Collation of main values via "Favorites"
Support of multiple level access protection
Facility to display additional plant graphics
Modem and Ethernet version available


Type
PXG80-W Web browser access via analog or ISDN modem, or null modem.
Alarms via SMS
PXG80-WN Web browser access via Ethernet/IP
Alarm handling via SMS and e-mail
PX-WEB type summary


Plant operation Alarm viewer
29
The field level: the DESIGO I/O modules

The DESIGO I/O modules represent the interface to the devices at the field level, the
sensors and actuators. The I/O modules are connected to the automation stations via
the P bus and can be interconnected in application-specific configurations.
A wide range of I/O modules is available, covering signaling, measurement, counting,
switching and positioning. The modular system is optimized for installation in control
panels.
The I/O modules have LEDs to indicate the status of the plant and, depending on type,
some have controls for manual or emergency operation.
The integrated isolating-terminals facilitate the hardware test carried out during
commissioning.
With DESIGO I/O OPEN, third-party systems and components (e.g. pumps, M-bus
meters, packaged air conditioning units and VSDs) can be integrated via the PTM5
"intelligent" I/O modules. When pumps are connected, for example, access to the
following information is available: control of operating mode, setpoint adjustment, fault
and status codes, delivery head, delivery and speed.
For the user, the advantages of the DESIGO I/O modules are as follows:
Integrated isolating-terminal feature
Integrated manual controls (optional)
Optimized for HVAC actuators and sensors
Optimized for installation in the control panel
Third-party system integration with DESIGO
I/O OPEN, for M-bus meters, pumps
(Grundfos, Wilo), packaged air conditioning
units (Menerga) and variable speed drives
(Siemens SED2)



DESIGO I/O modules with optional manual controls and integrated isolating terminal feature
30
Overview of I/O modules

Basic function Signal amplitude and range Signal type
and function
L
E
D

d
i
s
p
l
a
y

M
a
n
u
a
l

o
p
e
r
a
t
i
o
n

N
u
m
b
e
r

o
f

I
/
O
s

L
o
a
d

u
n
i
t
s

a
t

1
2
.
5

m
A

e
a
c
h

Type
ASN No.
Normally-open contact

2 PTM1.2D20
Normally-open contact

4 PTM1.4D20
Normally-closed

4 PTM1.4D20R
Volt-free maintained contact
Normally-open contact

8 PTM1.8D20E
Volt-free pulse contact N/O or N/C

2 PTM1.2D20S
AC 24 V / DC 42 V Extra low voltage
2 PTM1.2D42
Signaling
AC 250 V / DC 100 V Voltage
2 PTM1.2D250
LG-Ni 1000 Temperature, passive 2 PTM1.2R1K
LG-Ni 1000 Temperature, passive 4 PTM1.4R1K
0250 / Pt100 / Ni100 Resistance, passive 2 PTM1.2P100
02500 / Pt1000 / Ni1000 Resistance, passive 2 PTM1.2P1K
DC 0..10 V Voltage measurement 2 PTM1.2U10
DC 0max. 25 mA Current measurement 2 PTM1.2I25/020
Measuring
DC 420 mA (fixed) Current measurement 2 PTM1.2I420
Counting Volt-free (max. 25 Hz) Counter-value pulse 2 PTM1.2C
1-speed

2 PTM1.2Q250
1-stage (bistable)

2 PTM1.2Q250B
Volt-free maintained contact
1-speed

2 PTM1.2Q250-M
Single-stage with feedback

2 PTM1.2QD
Single-stage with feedback

4 PTM1.4QD
Single-stage with feedback

2 PTM1.2QD-M
2-stage with feedback

4 PTM1.4QD-M2
Non-floating maintained contact
3-speed

3 PTM1.3Q-M3
1-speed

4 PTM1.4Q250-P
1-speed

4 PTM1.4Q250A-P
Switching
Volt-free pulse contact
3-speed

4 PTM1.4Q250-P3
Positioning signal

2 PTM1.2Y10S
Positioning signal

4 PTM1.4Y10S
DC 010 V (modulating)
Positioning signal

2 PTM1.2Y10S-M
Positioning signal

2 PTM1.2Y420
Positioning signal

2 PTM1.2Y250T
Positioning
DC 420 mA (modulating)
Positioning signal

2 PTM1.2Y250T-M
P-bus compact module

30 PTK1.30V01 Compact
modules

P-bus compact module

23 PTK1.23V02
Grundfos
4 pumps

32 PTM52.32V01
Wilo 4 single / 2 twin pumps 32 PTM50.32V01
SED2 4 SED2 variable speed
drives
56 PTE-SED2
Interface
modules
M-bus 6 M-bus meters 56 PTE-MBUS.60

31
Room automation DESIGO RX

Convenient room automation with DESIGO RX
DESIGO RX is a modern range of room controllers and room units suitable for both
stand-alone operation and for communication over a network. The room controllers
control and monitor thermal comfort conditions in rooms and self-contained zones while
ensuring maximum energy efficiency in these spaces.
The DESIGO RXB and DESIGO RXC families of controllers represent a lasting
investment in the future. They make consistent use of open communication protocols,
namely LON and KNX (EIB). This is how we ensure that the room automation system is
easy to expand or modify in the event of a change in use.
Easy control of HVAC, lighting and blinds
The modular design of DESIGO RXC combines lighting and blinds with the HVAC
control system. With a single room unit, users can adjust all the room functions to
individual requirements.
The right solution for every network
DESIGO RXC uses the standard LON protocol for communication, is LONMARK certified
and can be combined with other LONMARK-compatible devices.
DESIGO RXB uses KNX S-mode (EIB) for communication, and can be combined with
other EIB-compatible equipment.
Seamless integration into the DESIGO building automation and control system provides
access to the additional functions of building management.

01715
M

Integrated operation of HVAC, lighting and blinds with DESIGO RXC

32
Range overview DESIGO RXC
DESIGO RXC is a comprehensive range of room controllers for HVAC automation,
extension modules for lighting and blinds, and a graded range of tailor-made room
units. DESIGO RXC uses LONWORKS technology for data communications.
The DESIGO

RXC hardware
The range comprises compact and modular room controllers, easy-to-operate room
units and controllers in room-style housings.
RXC20.1
RXC21.1
RXC22.1
01534de
RXC32.1
RXC10.1
QAX3...
QAX9...
RXC30.1
RXC40.1
RXC41.1
RXC31.1
RXC40.1
RXC41.1
QAX50.1
QAX51.1
E
l
e
c
t
r
i
c
a
l
H
V
A
C
Fan coil unit
Radiator
Chilled ceiling
Blinds
Lighting
Room units
Modular Compact
Room controllers
Standard
Wireless
VAV
Controller in
room-style
housing
Flexible

The DESIGO RXC software
Each room controller contains downloadable application software (referred to as the
"application") with the optimum control programs for the room or area concerned.
Siemens Building Technologies maintains a comprehensive library of reliable, field-
proven applications for HVAC and electrical applications.
The room controllers
RXC10.1, the controller in a room-style housing:
This room controller is a cost-effective combination of a room unit and an HVAC
controller for simple temperature control.
RXC20.1, RXC21.1, RXC22.1 and RXC32.1 compact controllers
These room controllers have an AC 230 V operating voltage and are ideal for fan-coil
applications, radiators and chilled ceilings. The RXC32.1 controller is particularly
suitable for standard single-duct VAV systems. It comes with a built-in volume sensor.
RXC30.1 and RXC31.1 modular controllers
These room controllers for VAV, radiators and chilled ceilings are can be extended with
connectable modules (RXC40 and RXC41) for lighting and blinds.
33
Range overview DESIGO RXB
DESIGO RXB is an innovative range of room controllers and room units. Data
communications are based on KNX S-mode technology (EIB).
The DESIGO RXB devices are EIBA-certified and are processed with the ETS
engineering and commissioning tool.
The DESIGO

RXB hardware
The range consists of compact controllers, controllers in a room-style housing and
room units for HVAC operation.
RXB21.1
RXB22.1 QAX3... , QAX9...
RXB10.1
e.g. DELTA profil
01652en
VAV
Chilled ceilings
Radiator-type heating
Lighting
Blinds
Fan coil units
H
V
A
C
E
l
e
c
t
r
i
c
a
l
EIB components
electrical applications

The DESIGO RXB software
Each DESIGO RXB device is loaded with a software module (referred to as the
"application") containing the application software for a group of HVAC applications. The
required application is enabled in the commissioning phase.
Siemens Building Technologies maintains a comprehensive library of reliable, field-
proven applications for HVAC applications.
RXB10.1 controller in room-style housing
This room controller is a cost-effective combination of room unit functions and HVAC
control. It is particularly suitable for radiator-and-chilled-ceiling applications, and for
simple VAV systems.
RXB21.1 and RXB22.1 compact room controllers
The input/output configuration of these room controllers is optimized for fan-coil
application. The controllers can be installed in the fan coil unit, in control panels or on
ducting.
34
The room unit: the key to individual comfort
The QAX.. room units cover a wide spectrum of possible operating scenarios. The
range includes units which measure the room temperature and allow setpoint
adjustment, operating mode selection or fan-speed control and an LCD display. The
QAX9.. room units are wireless devices.
Special value has been placed on the design of the room units and to the ergonomic
principles associated with operation.



Examples from the QAX3 range ... and the QAX50 range

The QAX5integrated room unit combines the operation of HVAC, lighting and blinds
in a single device. The keypad can be configured with the combination of buttons and
switches best suited to the application.
Applications
The field-proven downloadable applications make DESIGO RX highly versatile. An
extensive range of standard applications is available for fan-coil units, VAV, radiators
and chilled ceilings.
The control parameters are matched to the relevant room at the commissioning stage.
Examples of integrated applications for DESIGO RXC
The HVAC applications covered by the basic controllers RXC30.1 and RXC31.1 can be
combined with control of lighting and blinds.
Electrical function
Lighting zone Blind
Application HVAC application
On/Off Dimming
control
Up/Down
INT01 CLC 2 x
INT03 CLC 2 x 2 x
INT05 CLC 2 x 4 x
INT15 VAV 2 x 2 x
INT17 VAV 2 x

CLC: Chilled ceiling and radiator-type heating
T
LON
70225en
Controller + extension modules

VAV: Variable air volume system
35
Integration into the building management system

Management
level
Automation
level
Field level
PXC...
PXR...
PPS2
PXM20
BACnet / LON
DESIGO INSIGHT
RXC... QAX5...
PPS2
QAX...
LONMARK / LON
RXC...
RS232
PXC...-U
BACnet / Ethernet / IP
PXM10 QAX...
RXB...
PXA30-K11
RS232
PXM10
1
0
5
0
0
Z
0
4
e
n
KNX S-mode / EIB
Third-party system
Web client
PXC...-U
with PXM20
LON
Third-party system
BACnet router
PXG80-N
KNX S-mode / EIB


Stand-alone operation at field level
The room automation system performs its control tasks and communicates
autonomously over the LON bus or KNX S-mode bus (EIB).
Integration into the automation level
Freely programmable automation stations with a LON or KNX S-mode interface
connect the DESIGO RX room automation system into the building automation and
control system, at the same time making other functions available.
Conversion of LONMARK objects or KNX S-mode objects into BACnet objects
Concentration and simple operation of room data
Grouping for optimization across rooms
System functions and optimizer software such as time schedules, trends, alarm
generation etc.
Coordination with the primary plant
Safety functions, e.g. in the event of storm warnings

Integration into the management level
Automation ensures that all data and functions of the room automation system can also
be viewed and operated at the management level.
The control and operation of the RX devices with DESIGO INSIGHT opens the way to a
range of additional functions including the following:
Operation and monitoring of rooms via plant graphics
Logging and archiving of trend data
Time schedules for building use and room occupancy
Central control and override of setpoints, operating modes, lighting, blinds etc.
36
DESIGO OPEN

DESIGO OPEN focuses specifically on consistent open communications throughout the
system; in other words, it promotes the simple connection of a wide variety of building
services on the basis of standard open data interfaces. For this purpose, DESIGO
OPEN offers a portfolio of solutions for cost-effective integration of third-party systems
and devices.
These quality solutions have the following outstanding project-specific and user-specific
features:
Features:
Management functions across system
boundaries
Uniform user-interface
Full integration of third-party systems into
the building automation and control system
Use of recognized standard communication
protocols and powerful standard integration
platforms

Expansion and replacement of individual
components at any time
Optimum cost/benefit ratio for operation and
maintenance.
Technical support throughout the entire
project cycle for long-term investment
protection
The levels of the building automation and control system model provide an important
basis for integration.
Management level with operation and monitoring, and data maintenance
Automation level with direct process control of the primary plant
Field level with terminal unit process control and sensors/actuators.

PXC22
I/O OPEN
BACnet / LON / Ethernet / IP
RS232
RS485 RS232
DESIGO INSIGHT
PXA30-K11
PXE-CRS PXR11/
PXR12
LON
PXE-CRS
Adapter
RS232
RS485
10500Z01en
PXC64-U with PXM20
Modbus
Third-party
system
Third-party
Third-party
Peer-to-peer communication
over BACnet
RXB
Room
controller
Possible router Possible router Possible router Possible router
M-bus meter
Possible
router
Possible router
KNX S-mode / EIB
Third-party
LON
Third-party RXC
Room
controller
PXC64-U /
PXC128-U
with PXM20
F
i
e
l
d

l
e
v
e
l
A
u
t
o
m
a
t
i
o
n

l
e
v
e
l
M
a
n
a
g
e
m
e
n
t

l
e
v
e
l
KNX S-mode / EIB

37
The management level: INSIGHT OPEN
INSIGHT OPEN is a modern integration platform for direct connection to the
management level which uses vendor-neutral visualization systems based on SCADA
technology. SCADA (Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition) systems are software
products from the field of industrial automation, and can be used to connect various
automation systems using a variety of device drivers.
SCADA technology
SCADA technology is ideal for connecting stand-alone third-party systems or open
automation buses and field buses, where the emphasis is on operation and display
rather than on reliable cross-disciplinary interconnection. Vertical connections are
implemented with communication cards or system-specific interfaces plugged directly
into a management system PC. INSIGHT OPEN makes use of the technological
potential of Citect, a leading SCADA system supplied by Citect Pty Ltd. Australia.
INSIGHT OPEN is an adjunct to the DESIGO INSIGHT management station and
provides the following functions for the integrated third-party system or device:
Functions in INSIGHT OPEN:
Graphical operation of the plant and the
process
Alarm display and operation
Dynamic trend curves and long-term data
storage

Operation via data point topology in
Object Viewer
Log book and message archiving
Alarm routing to message receivers
Access protection
In networks, INSIGHT OPEN runs on Windows 2000 or Windows XP.
INSIGHT OPEN provides an OPC client (OLE for process control) for the connection of
third-party systems. This supports the specifications of Data Access Version 1.0a and
Version 2.0.
As a consequence, INSIGHT OPEN is an integral component of the process control
system and subject to the same high expectations in respect of reliability and minimum
downtime.
The process values transferred from third-party systems to the DESIGO INSIGHT
management station are mapped as SCADA process variables, or "variable tags".
Special tags are used for alarm and trend variables:
Alarm tag, alarm process variable
Trend tag, trend process variable

Unlike the data points in the building automation and control system, the process
variables (tags) each contain one item of information only. Alarms and trend logs are
SCADA objects which are generated by and calculated in the I/O server.
Vendor-neutral protocols: Vendor-specific protocols
BACnet
LON
KNX S-mode (EIB)
Profibus
SIMATIC S7, S5
SIPORT NT (access control)
AlgoRex (fire detection system)




38
The automation level: PX OPEN
The native BACnet automation station DESIGO PX OPEN is a multifunctional
integration platform used to connect third-party automation stations and open field-bus
networks to the BACnet network.
PX OPEN is a family of various types of device:
PX LON for the connection of LON devices, LON networks and the DESIGO RXC
room automation system
PX Modbus, PX M-bus and PX SCL for the connection of Modbus, M-bus or simple
ASCII protocols for RS232 or RS485 (free SCL programming)
PX KNX S-mode for the connection of EIB devices, EIB networks and the DESIGO
RXB room automation system

The data points of the third-party are mapped to input/output functions in BACnet and
are then available as fully communicating data points for further processing and further
connection, e.g. for:
Alarm handling and prioritization
Override control, priority control and commands for central operation
Grouping
Time schedules
Trend logging

PX OPEN integrates up to 2000 items of information per device. The bi-directional
exchange of data is event-driven, i.e. the systems only exchange information if the data
point changes. Peer-to-peer communication can be implemented without difficulty in the
BACnet network
The PX OPEN integration stations are positioned in a flexible configuration in the
BACnet network and can be operated via the local LCD operator units.
"Simple" protocols based on ASCII strings can be connected directly to PX OPEN by
use of SCL (Structured Control Language) in conjunction with a freely programmable
RS232 or RS485 port.

Vendor-neutral protocols: Vendor-specific protocols
BACnet
LON
KNX S-mode (EIB)
M-bus
Modbus
Hotel management: Fidelio
AlgoRex (fire detection system)

39
PX LON
PX LON connects LON networks to DESIGO and maps LONMARK network variables to
BACnet data points.
Main functions of PX LON:
Compression of DESIGO RXC room
controller and third-party device data
Maps DESIGO RXC applications to BACnet
for operation and monitoring (grouped as
HVAC, lighting and blind control functions)
Higher-level control and optimization
functions, such as room and zone-based
groups, time control, and system functions
such as changeover, summer/winter
compensation etc.
Alarm handling, device monitoring
Trend storage

PX LON maps RXC applications in such a way as to produce a room view. This
enables the rooms to be grouped together, for shared occupancy programs, or for
shared commands for the control of lighting or blinds, for example.
PX M-bus
PX M-bus connects the M-bus consumption meters to the DESIGO system and maps
meter readings and device-related meter information to BACnet data points.
Main functions of PX M-bus
Measurement of consumption data and
remote monitoring of max. 250
consumption and heat meters or
1,000 BACnet I/O objects
Compression of data from consumption
and heat meters at the automation level

Alarm handling, device monitoring
Trend storage to record meter readings

PX Modbus
PX Modbus connects Modbus devices or networks supporting the Modbus protocol as
specified by Modicon to the DESIGO system and maps their data points to BACnet
data points. PX Modbus is particularly suitable for integrating industrial controls or
chillers and linking them to the automation process.
PX KNX S-mode
PX KNX S-mode connects EIB networks to DESIGO and maps EIB group addresses to
BACnet data points.
Main functions of PX KNX S-mode
Compression of the data from the DESIGO
RXB room controllers and other
KNX S-mode data points at the automation
level
Mapping of DESIGO RXB and other KNX S-
mode applications to BACnet for operation
and monitoring (grouped as HVAC, lighting
and blind control functions)

Higher-level control and optimization
functions, such as room and zone-based
groups, time control, and system functions
such as changeover, summer/winter
compensation etc.
Alarm handling, device monitoring
Trend storage

40
The field level: I/O OPEN
A small number of distributed third-party devices can be connected quickly and
economically at the field level and further processed in the automation system.
The devices are integrated either via digital/analog inputs and outputs, or via
microprocessor-based interface modules.
The microprocessor-based I/O OPEN modules connect selected third-party devices via
RS232 or RS485 to the distributed input/output field bus of the automation station.
The I/O OPEN module maps the third-party data points on the module bus (P-bus) to a
number of virtual standard modules. The automation station communicates with these
virtual modules as if they were actually present. Various types of I/O OPEN modules
are used, depending on the communication protocol utilized by the field devices and
compact systems.
Examples of vendor-specific protocols:
M-bus meters
Pumps: Grundfos, Wilo
Packaged air conditioning units: MENERGA
Variable speed drives: Siemens SED2


41
DESIGO tools and software blocks

Professional software tools and a wide range of proven application blocks are available
for engineering and processing the automation stations. The programming language D-
MAP is optimized for building services applications.
DESIGO tools
The DESIGO tools suite consists of the following components:
Management of project data, creation of system topology and selection of
automation stations (System Design or XWORKS Manager)
Programming and commissioning (PX Design)
Commissioning of the BACnet routers (Router Design)

DESIGO tools include project management functions such as the setting up and
archiving of projects and the storage and relocation of project data for the
commissioning phase. The tools are also used to define the network topology, and to
design room automation systems and the integration of third-party systems.
PX Design consists of tools which can be used in conjunction with the block library for
the programming of individual solutions, and for parameter setting and commissioning.
The CFC (Continuous Function Chart) Editor is used as a basis for this work.
Router Design is used to configure the BACnet routers in the system.


Designed for technical work on customer projects, the user-friendly DESIGO software
utilities are easy to use. They include planning, configuration, final adjustment and
commissioning of the automation station with the associated program. A variety of
report functions are available for documentation purposes.
42
Programming with D-MAP
The D-MAP programming language (= DESIGO Modular Application Programming) for
DESIGO PX ensures efficient programming and parameter setting for building services
plant. D-MAP is optimized for building services applications. The control strategies
required for and best suited to efficient operation are implemented using graphics-
based data flow programming.
Efficient engineering with blocks and compounds
The project-specific HVAC applications are configured, programmed, commissioned
and maintained using the CFC Editor in PX Design. The CFC Editor is a graphics editor
based on blocks and data flow techniques. Predefined and tested application programs
are assembled to create compound structures (referred to simply as "compounds"), and
these are then made available in the libraries.

Creating the CFC chart with the CFC Editor

The basic elements of D-MAP programming are blocks and "compounds"
(compound functional units). These are stored in libraries.
Features of D-MAP
programming:
To create a D-MAP program, the blocks and compounds for the required functions
are put together in the CFC Editor. This process involves creating instances (of
blocks) or copies (of compounds) from the libraries.
The flow of data between blocks is programmed by interconnecting the "pins" (inputs
and outputs) of various blocks.

Libraries
PX Design incorporates comprehensive libraries in which the functions, function blocks
and compounds are stored. The libraries contain images of actual plant, aggregates
and components in a structure which can be used equally for design engineering,
control, operation and monitoring and display.
43
Energy management

Energy management with CAFM solutions
The ever-increasing integration of various disciplines in buildings continuously places
new demands on building automation and control systems, which have now become
the main source of data for the economical running of buildings. A building automation
and control system is indispensable for efficient and cost-effective building
management, because it holds all the technical data from the building, and this data
forms the basis for further processing in other management systems.
Facilities management today places prime emphasis on user comfort and the
minimization of operating costs. To meet demands in both these areas satisfactorily,
additional systems are required, which build upon the existing building automation and
control system.
For efficient and economical facilities management, we offer our own CAFM solutions,
CC (Consumption Control) for energy management and ADP (Advanced Data
Processing) for financial management of the plant. Our applications will fit seamlessly
into your system topology and assist you in the running of your building(s).
Supplementing these two packages, EMC (Energy Monitoring and Controlling), an
innovative Web-based software solution, is also available.
Financial plant management Advanced Data Processing ADP

The ADP application analyses the plant data from your building (measured values,
control variables, messages etc.) and collates this data to produce meaningful reports.
Any relevant data point from the building automation and control system can be
logged for analysis purposes. Based on this data, further measures for optimization of
the plant can be undertaken and monitored.

Analysis of plant data from the building:
Analysis of ambient conditions
Identification of scope for optimization
Analysis of processes within the building automation and control system
Verification of the building automation and control process



A number of quite simple optimization measures can be undertaken, with a consequent
reduction in costs, provided that the areas where potential savings can be made have
been recognized. For example, if ADP is used to check the load patterns of particular
groups of energy consumers over a certain period of time, it will become very clear
where savings could be made through re-organization.
Example: Identification of
scope for optimization
44
Consumption and energy management Consumption Control CC


The CC application produces meaningful reports from meter values. CC shows where
there is need for intervention, and where it is worth investing money in measures to
save energy. A comprehensive tool for monitoring and financial management of energy
consumption, CC makes energy consumption transparently clear and highlights
problem areas. It also lets you distribute costs and consumption values to cost centers,
premises, profit centers etc.
Energy management
Monitoring of energy consuming equipment
Identification of potential savings
Calculation of consumption costs
Control of emissions

250000
200000
150000
100000
50000
0
-20 -15 -10 -5 0 5 10 15 20 25
Ave. outdoor temperature for week [C]
H
e
a
t


c
o
n
s
u
m
p
t
i
o
n

f
o
r

w
e
e
k
[
k
W
h
]
1
0
5
0
0
Z
1
2
e
n


It is only possible to implement energy-saving measures successfully if it is clear where
there is a need for action. The energy signature of a building is an effective tool for
highlighting problem areas in a building or faults in the building services plant. This
energy report shows the relationship between the weekly consumption of heating
energy and the weekly average outside temperature. In the example, deviations from
the defined setpoint area point to infiltration problems (a "leaky" building).
Example: Energy signature
EMC: Energy Monitoring & Controlling (eAdvantage)
As our first e-service solution, EMC offers you a comprehensive application for
Web-based energy management.
The EMC service module will help you:
To monitor and check your energy and building running costs
To identify potential areas for optimization
To improve quality and performance in the running of your building

Based directly on the consumption data you enter, you will receive regular, informative
reports on the consumption of energy and media, and on emissions.
BMS
PDA
PC
ASP Server
PC
Automatic
Manual
Readings
Various
meters
ASP Server
Reports
Web
Web
Web
10500Z13en

45
Appendix

System topologies
System design for small buildings
A small automation system can be implemented with just a small number of individual
PX modular or compact automation stations. As an option, this system can be
expanded by adding one or more type QAX.. room units or PXM.. operator units.
1
0
5
0
0
Z
0
5
e
n
PXC..-U PXC...
PXM20
QAX
PXM10
RS232 PPS2
BACnet / LON
I/O modules


46
System design for small buildings with a room automation system
A small automation system can be implemented with just a small number of individual
PX modular or compact automation stations. As an option, this system can be
expanded by adding one or more type QAX room units or PXM operator units. The
DESIGO RX room automation system ensures demand-based individual comfort for
building users. The devices in the DESIGO RX range communicate with each other and
with other compatible devices using a standard protocol, LON bus or KNX S-mode/EIB.
They can be integrated seamlessly into the DESIGO building automation and control
system, making a range of additional functions available.
DESIGO RXC
PXR...
PXC22
PXM20
PXM10
BACnet / LON
RS232
LONMARK / LON 1
0
5
0
0
Z
0
6
e
n
LON
Third-party
system


DESIGO RXB
PXC...-U
PXM20
PXM10
PXC...-U
PXA30-K11
RS232
BACnet / LON
1
0
5
0
0
Z
0
7
e
n
KNX S-mode / EIB
Third-party
KNX S-mode / EIB


47
System design for small to medium-sized buildings
A number of PX automation stations and RXC room controllers can be interconnected
via BACnet over LON and, depending on the size of the system, monitored and
operated with one or more network-compatible PXM20 operator units. Local operation
of an automation station is also possible, with the easy-to-use PXM10 operator unit. For
remote operation, the system can be extended to include Web operation with PX-WEB.
With the Web operating software, building operators have access to all the functions of
the PXM20 from anywhere and at any time. In the event of a fault, alarms can be
transmitted via SMS or e-mail for added reliability.
DESIGO RXC
PXM20
PXC..
BACnet / LON
PXR... PXG80-W PXM10
DESIGO RXB
PXA30-K11
Pager
RS232
LONMARK / LON
Web client
Telephone
line
1
0
5
0
0
Z
0
8
e
n
PXC..-U
with PXM20
Mobile
phone
E-mail
KNX S-mode / EIB




48
System design for medium-sized to large building complexes
The DESIGO INSIGHT management station lets you get the most out of your plant.
The plant is operated using highly informative, animated graphics. Optimum building
operation is ensured by use of scheduler programs that can be operated centrally, a
clear alarm handling system and a wide range of other options. The DESIGO system
can be embedded in existing IT Ethernet/LAN infrastructures.
Naturally, DESIGO INSIGHT can be expanded into a multi-user system. Web
technology is implemented using DESIGO INSIGHT Web Access at the management
level and DESIGO PX-WEB at the automation level.

DESIGO INSIGHT
E-mail
Pager
Fax
BACnet / Ethernet / IP
DESIGO INSIGHT DESIGO INSIGHT
PXM20
QAX
PX OPEN
PXM20
PXC... PXC...
DESIGO RXC
PXR...
DESIGO INSIGHT
Web Access
PXG80-N PXG80-N
PXC...-U PXM10
RXB
PXC..-U
PXA30-K11
PXC... PXG80-W
E-mail
Pager
BACnet / LON
RS232
BACnet / LON BACnet / LON
LONMARK / LON KNX S-Mode / EIB
PPS2
INSIGHT OPEN
Third-party
I/O modules
with I/O OPEN
Web client
Third-party
Third-party
I/O modules
KNX S-mode / EIB
Third-party system
1
0
5
0
0
Z
0
9
e
n
PXC..-U
with PXM20
LON
Third-party
system
Mobile
phone
Mobile
phone

49
Distributed buildings
Remote plant can be monitored and operated by telephone. In the event of a fault, the
automation stations establish a connection with the higher-level system components or
display units to alert the user to the problem. At the DESIGO INSIGHT management
station, the user can navigate to the associated graphics.
In the case of PX-WEB the alarm is forwarded by SMS or e-mail. For remote access,
connections can be established not only by modem, but also via Ethernet/LAN. For this
purpose the DESIGO INSIGHT management station and PX-WEB can be connected to
any point on the LAN in the building.
DESIGO INSIGHT
E-mail
Pager
Fax
BACnet / Ethernet / IP
PXM20
PXC...
BACnet / LON
PXC...
DESIGO RXC
PXR...
DESIGO INSIGHT
PXG80-N
DESIGO RXB
PXA30-K11
PXM10 PXC...
PXM10
RS232
BACnet / LON BACnet / LON
Pager
PXG80-W
E-mail
RS232
LONMARK / LON
PXC...-U with
PXM20
PXC...-U
I/O modules I/O modules
1
0
5
0
0
Z
1
0
e
n
PXC..-U
with PXM20
Mobile
phone
Mobile
phone
KNX S-mode / EIB



50

51
Siemens Building Technologies Ltd.
Building Automation
Gubelstrasse 22
CH-6301 Zug, Switzerland
Tel. +41 41-724 24 24
Fax +41 41-724 35 22



























www.sbt.siemens.com


Building Technologies












Subject to technical alteration 10500en 31-August-2004
52