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Power Theft Identification System Using GSM
Abstract
Power generation and distribution in India is among the government departments that lead to huge
losses. One of the main reasons that lead to power loss is because of unauthorized usage of power
and power theft at the consumer side. As of now there are no existing systems present to stop or
prevent the power theft that happens. This is partly because it is not possible to monitor all the
streets and areas manually.
This project proposes a novel idea to detect power theft accurately at a street level on a real time
basis where the information is updated in the span of a few seconds. For the implementation of the
project a new kind of energy meter. This meter is provided with wireless communication.
The meter can communicate the power consumption of the home in real time to a receiving device
fitted in the distribution transformer of the street. The transformer is also provided with a simple
power monitoring device that can monitor the power given out on the transmission line to the
street. Hence when all the meters communicate the consumption to the receiving device the
embedded device on the transformer can calculate the power used by the homes and can compare
this with the power that it is transmitting out on the power line.
If the power transmitted and the power consumed by the homes is equal then that means that no
power is being stolen. Alternatively if someone is stealing power then there will be a difference
between the power that is given out by the transformer and the power that is being legitimately
used by the users. Thus using the difference the excess power that is being stolen can be calculated.
Then, the theft information can be intimated to the nearest EB office and also line man in the area
using GSM. Once the system is implemented the same system can also be used for electricity billing
and automatic cut off of consumer connection if the bill is not paid in time.

Existing System
1. In the Existing system, it becomes difficult for the electricity board to recover the amount for
the used electricity during the functions.
2. And as of now, there is no system to stop or prevent the power theft that happens.

Proposed System
1. The In the proposed system, EB can record the usage of the power during the functions with
the help of embedded system and also a new kind of energy meter is designed, which
records the units consumed and to monitor the power transferred.
2. If Power theft is detected, then it is automatically indicated to the EB office and concerned
authorities.


Ingens Tech Private Limited | For Students Use Only | All Rights Reserved
www.ingenstech.com | IEEE Projects 2014 - 2015 abstracts | Final Year Projects
www.ingenstech.com



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Block Diagram


PIC18F45K22 / PLC
A
D
C

U
A
R
T

S
P
I

I
2
C

G
P
I
O

D
A
C

/

P
W
M

Power &
Reset
U
A
R
T

GPIO
ROM
RAM
CLOCK
GSM Modem
U
A
R
T

GSM
Module
LCD Module
S
P
I

LCD
Controller
LCD
Display
Current
A
Relay
Drive
Relay
Load
Device
POWER SUPPLY
Power
Adapter
Reverse
Protection
Voltage
Regulators
Power LED
Home/Consumer Device
Ingens Tech Private Limited | For Students Use Only | All Rights Reserved
www.ingenstech.com | IEEE Projects 2014 - 2015 abstracts | Final Year Projects
www.ingenstech.com



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Block Diagram



PIC18F45K22 / PLC
A
D
C

U
A
R
T

S
P
I

I
2
C

G
P
I
O

D
A
C

/

P
W
M

Power
& Reset
U
A
R
T

GPIO
ROM
RAM
CLOCK
GSM Modem
U
A
R
T

GSM
Module
LCD Module
S
P
I

LCD
Controller
LCD
Display
Current
A
POWER SUPPLY
Power
Adapter
Reverse
Protection
Voltage
Regulators
Power LED
Transformer Device
Ingens Tech Private Limited | For Students Use Only | All Rights Reserved
www.ingenstech.com | IEEE Projects 2014 - 2015 abstracts | Final Year Projects
www.ingenstech.com



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Software Tools
LPCXpresso IDE / MPALB IDE
EAGLE
Orcad
Embedded C

Hardware Required
ARM LPC11U67 / PIC18F45K22
GSM
Current Sensor
LCD Display
Relay drive
Realy

Ingens Tech Private Limited | For Students Use Only | All Rights Reserved
www.ingenstech.com | IEEE Projects 2014 - 2015 abstracts | Final Year Projects