Anda di halaman 1dari 2

AS and A Level Physics Original material Cambridge University Press 2010 1

7 Worksheet (AS)
Data needed to answer questions can be found in the Data, formulae and relationships sheet.
1 Smoke particles suspended in air inside a sealed container are illuminated by a strong source of
light and observed with a microscope. A smoke particle is seen to be in random motion.
What is the reason for this? [1]
A The smoke particle absorbs energy from the light source.
B The smoke particle collides with air molecules.
C The smoke particle collides with other smoke particles.
D There are convection currents in the air.
2 Liquid X has a density of 1400 kg m
3
and liquid Y has a density of 1600 kg m
3
.
At what depth in each liquid is the pressure in liquid X equal to the pressure in liquid Y? [1]

Depth in liquid X / m Depth in liquid Y / m
A 14 16
B 15 15
C 16 14
D 18 16

3 Why does the pressure of a gas increase when the volume decreases at constant temperature? [1]
A The gas molecules hit each other more often.
B The gas molecules hit the wall of the container at higher speeds.
C The gas molecules hit the wall of the container more often.
D There are more gas molecules present to hit the wall of the container.
4 Which statement is true about water molecules at 70 C? [1]
A There are forces between the molecules and no molecules have enough energy
to escape the liquid.
B There are forces between the molecules and some molecules have enough energy
to escape the liquid.
C There are no forces between the molecules and no molecules have enough energy
to escape the liquid.
D There are no forces between the molecules and some molecules have enough energy
to escape the liquid.
5 Which row correctly compares the ordering and the separation of molecules in solids,
liquids and gases? [1]

Ordering of molecules Separation of molecules
A molecules in a liquid have no order
solid and gas molecules have about
the same separation
B
molecules in a solid are more ordered
than in liquids
solid and liquid molecules have about
the same separation
C
molecules in a solid are more ordered
than in liquids
liquid and gas molecules have about
the same separation
D molecules in a gas have no order
liquid and gas molecules have about
the same separation

7 Worksheet (AS)
AS and A Level Physics Original material Cambridge University Press 2010 2
6 Describe the arrangement of atoms, the forces between the atoms and the motion of the
atoms in:
a a solid [3]
b a liquid [3]
c a gas. [3]
7 A small amount of gas is trapped inside a container. Describe the motion of the gas atoms
as the temperature of the gas within the container is increased. [3]
8 State one difference and one similarity between the boiling and evaporation of water. [2]
9 A person of weight 820 N stands on one leg. The area of the foot in contact with the floor is
1.4 10
2
m
2
.
a Calculate the pressure exerted by the foot on the ground. [2]
b Explain what would happen to the pressure exerted on the floor if the person stands on
tiptoe on one leg. [1]
10 A bicycle of mass 35 kg is resting on its two tyres on flat ground. The pressure at the base
of each tyre is 1.5 10
5
Pa. Calculate the area of each tyre in contact with the ground.
You may assume that each tyre supports half the weight of the bicycle. [4]
11 The diagram shows a sealed container filled with air and
attached to a manometer. The liquid in the manometer has
a density of 1200 kg m
3
.
Atmospheric pressure is 1.02 10
5
Pa.
a Calculate the pressure of the air inside the
sealed container. [3]
b Using the kinetic model, explain why the
pressure of the air in the container rises when
the temperature increases. [3]

12 Copper has density 8930 kg m
3
and zinc has density 7130 kg m
3
. Brass is an alloy or
mixture of copper and zinc which contains 75% copper and 25% zinc by volume.
Assuming that the total volume of the alloy is the sum of the volumes of the copper
and zinc used, determine:
a the mass of copper and zinc in a sample of brass of volume 1.0 m
3
[2]
b the density of brass. [2]

Total:
36
Score: %