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Reinforced and Prestressed Concrete - C r0-rr -
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T beams
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Effective width of flanqes
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the slab is assumed to carry the loads in
one direction to beams that carry them in
the perpendicular direction.
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the concrete in the columns is placed and
allowed to harden before the concrete in
the floor is placed.
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in the next operation, the concrete is
placed in the slab and beams in a
monolithic way.
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Moment reqions in a T beam
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Stresses and resultant forces on a T beam flanqe
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Compression stresses in T beams
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real and design situations
design situation
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Com
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stresses distribution
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single beam
monolithic slab with beams
Equivalent comDression stresses area
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Effective width of flanqes
The effective flange width of T beams, depends on:
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the web and flange dimensions,
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the type of loading,
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the span,
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the support conditions,
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the transverse reinforcement.
The design of the effective flange width is based on the distance ls between points of
zero moment:
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The effective flanqe width b^o@
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Effective span of beams
The effective span, t"ff, oi a member is:
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/, is the clear distance between the faces of the supports,
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a1 and a2rnay be determined from the appropriate a, values,
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t is the width of the supporting element.
a. non4onlinous
rember
b. continous
member
c. fully restrained
support
d. cantileYe. e. bearing provlded
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Combined efforts
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on the beam acts an effort Y with the maximum limit Y*(beam capacity),
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if on the beam acts, in the same time, another effort X
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the max. value X*), then
the efforts are combined.
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the beam capacfty is:
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where:
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the failure is described by
the Dunkerley line:
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or by the parabolic curve:
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Biaxial bendinq of the beams
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for secondary beams of a preca$t roof
the resistance capacity is checked if:
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Bendinq moment and
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the resistance reinforcement for bending
moments and torsion are separately designed
and provided,
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the longitudinal reinforcement for torsion are
uniformly distributed on the perimeter; for
bending inoment are provided in the tensed
zones.
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the necessary checks in this situation can be
done separately:
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