Anda di halaman 1dari 6

Diseo Ssmico por Desempeo

Dr. Jos Restrepo, Dr. Mario Rodrguez


INSTITUTO DE LA CONSTRUCCION Y GERENCIA - ICG
Telefax: (01) 4217896 / icg@i cgmail.org / www.construccion.org
Curso Internacional Pre IV Congreso de Estructuras
Diseo Ssmico Diseo Ssmico
por Desempeo por Desempeo
Lima, 21 al 23 de Junio 2010 Lima, 21 al 23 de Junio 2010
Dr. Jos Restrepo Dr. Jos Restrepo
Curso Internacional: Diseo Ssmico por Desempeo, Junio 2010
Pushover Analysis Pushover Analysis
Diseo Ssmico por Desempeo
Dr. Jos Restrepo, Dr. Mario Rodrguez
INSTITUTO DE LA CONSTRUCCION Y GERENCIA - ICG
Telefax: (01) 4217896 / icg@i cgmail.org / www.construccion.org
Classification
Force-based
at each step force increments are assigned,
system is solved for displacement increments system is solved for displacement increments
Displacement-based
at each step displacement increments are assigned,
system is solved for force increments
CONTROLLED
PARAMETER
Fixed-vector
relative magnitude of increments at structural DOFs does not relative magnitude of increments at structural DOF s does not
vary during analysis
Adaptive
relative magnitude of increments varies step by step,
increments are proportional to an instantaneous mode shape
VECTOR
SHAPE
Force-Based Fixed-Vector
Pushover
Typical of building codes
Force increments prop. to a fixed approx. mode shape
Oft i t d t i l h i d f 1 t d Often inverted-triangular shape is assumed for 1st mode

i(3)

i(2)

i(1)
V
b(3)
V
b(2)
F
i(1)
F
i(2)
F
i(3)
V
b,max
V
b
analysis stops
when peak load
i l h d
calculated
=K
T
-1
F

r(3)
V
b(1)

r(1)

r(2)
V
b(1)
given
fixed
V
b(2)
V
b(3)

r
is nearly reached
Diseo Ssmico por Desempeo
Dr. Jos Restrepo, Dr. Mario Rodrguez
INSTITUTO DE LA CONSTRUCCION Y GERENCIA - ICG
Telefax: (01) 4217896 / icg@i cgmail.org / www.construccion.org
Force-Based Fixed-Vector
Pushover
Typical of building codes
Force increments prop. to a fixed approx. mode shape p p pp p
Often inverted-triangular shape is assumed for 1st mode
Advantages
Easy implementation
Low computational effort
Drawbacks
Cannot determine full-mechanism response (K
T
=0)
Does not account for significant changes in the mode
shape (e.g. intermediate soft-story mechanism)
Force-Based Adaptive Pushover
Force increments prop. to an instantaneous mode shape
Eigenvalue solution required when K
T
changes

i(3)

i(2)

i(1)
F
i(1)
F
i(2)
F
i(3)
V
b(3)
V
b(2)
V
b,max
V
b
analysis stops
when peak load
i l h d
calculated
=K
T
-1
F
V
b(1)
given by
instantaneous
eigenvalue
V
b(2)
V
b(3)

r(3)
V
b(1)

r(1)

r(2)

r
is nearly reached
Diseo Ssmico por Desempeo
Dr. Jos Restrepo, Dr. Mario Rodrguez
INSTITUTO DE LA CONSTRUCCION Y GERENCIA - ICG
Telefax: (01) 4217896 / icg@i cgmail.org / www.construccion.org
Force-Based Adaptive Pushover
Force increments prop. to an instantaneous mode shape
Eigenvalue solution required when K
T
changes
Advantages
Changes in the mode shapes can be included
Drawbacks
Cannot determine full-mechanism response (K
T
=0)
High computational effort (repeated eigenvalue solutions)
Displacement-Based
Adaptive Pushover
Opposite to force-based
Displ. increments prop. to instantaneous mode shape
Eigenvalue solution required when K
T
changes

i(3)

i(2)

i(1)
F
i(2)
F
i(1)
F
i(3)

i(4)
V
b(3)
V
b(2)
V
b,max
V
b
analysis does not
stop when peak
given by
instantaneous
eigenvalue
V
b(2)
calculated
F=K
T

V
b(1)
V
b(3)

r(3)
V
b(1)

r(1)

r(2)

r
stop when peak
load is reached

r(4)
Diseo Ssmico por Desempeo
Dr. Jos Restrepo, Dr. Mario Rodrguez
INSTITUTO DE LA CONSTRUCCION Y GERENCIA - ICG
Telefax: (01) 4217896 / icg@i cgmail.org / www.construccion.org
Displacement-Based
Adaptive Pushover
Dual to force-based
Displ. increments prop. to instantaneous mode shape
Ei l l ti i d h K h Eigenvalue solution required when K
T
changes
Advantages
Changes in the mode shapes can be included
Full-mechanism response can be evaluated
Drawbacks
High computational effort (repeated eigenvalue solutions)
Simplified Pushover for Hw #1
Suitable for cantilever walls (only one plastic hinge at the
base)
F di t ib ti i d fi d i t d Force distribution is assumed fixed as an inverted
triangle
V
b
h
M
b
= V
b
* h
eff
V
b
V
b
M
b
M
b
V M
p.h.
h
eff
Diseo Ssmico por Desempeo
Dr. Jos Restrepo, Dr. Mario Rodrguez
INSTITUTO DE LA CONSTRUCCION Y GERENCIA - ICG
Telefax: (01) 4217896 / icg@i cgmail.org / www.construccion.org
Simplified Pushover for Hw #1
Base moments at
significative stages of M-
l ti hi f th b
M
relationship for the base
section are taken

Corresponding base shears and moment profiles are


calculated based on the assumed force distribution
Curvature profiles are determined knowing moment and
M- relationships at each level M relationships at each level
Curvatures are integrated to find the roof displacement
at each stage
Roof displacements are associated to the corresponding
base shears and the pushover curve is found