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SULIT Nama : .

4531/3
FIZIK Tingkatan : .
Kertas 3
1 jam




JABATAN PENDIDIKAN KELANTAN
FIZIK SET 3
KERTAS 3
Masa : 1 Jam 30 minit

JANGAN BUKA KERTAS SOALAN INI SEHINGGA DIBERITAHU



1. Kertas soalan ini adalah dalam dwibahasa.

2. Soalan dalam Bahasa Inggeris mendahului
soalan sepadan dalam bahasa Melayu

3. Calon dibenarkan menjawab keseluruhan
atau sebahagian soalan sama ada dalam bahasa
Inggeris atau bahasa Melayu.

4 Calon dikehendaki membaca maklumat
di halaman belakang kertas soalan ini










______________________________________________________________________
Kertas soalan ini mengandungi 14 halaman bercetak. ..../LIHAT SEBELAH
Untuk Kegunaan Pemeriksa

Kod Pemeriksa :

Bahagian

Soalan
Markah
Penuh
Markah
Diperolehi



A

1

16


2

12



B

3

12


4

12


Jumlah



Section A
Bahagian A
[28 marks]
[28 markah]

Answer all questions in this section
Jawab semua soalan dalam bahagian ini

1 A student carries out an experiment to investigate the relationship between the
extensions of a spring, x, and weight of load, w.
Diagram 1.1 shows the arrangement of the apparatus for the experiment.

Seorang murid menjalankan satu eksperimen untuk mengkaji hubungan antara
pemanjangan suatu spring, x, dengan berat pemberat, w.
Rajah 1.1 menunjukkan susunan radas untuk eksperimen tersebut.


Diagram 1.1
Rajah 1.1

At the beginning of the experiment there is without load. The length of the spring
is, l
o
= 15.0 cm.
A load of weight, w = 30 N is used and the reading is recorded.

The procedures are repeated with different loads of weight, w, of 40 N, 50 N, 60 N
and 70 N.
The actual corresponding readings are shown in Diagrams 1.2, 1.3, 1.4, 1.5 and
1.6.

Spring digantung tanpa pemberat pada permulaan eksperimen. Panjang asal
spring, l
o
= 15.0 cm.
Suatu pemberat, w=30 N digantung pada spring dan bacaan diambil.

Prosedur diulangi dengan pemberat yang mempunyai berat yang berbeza, w, iaitu
40 N, 50 N, 60 N dan 70 N. Bacaan penunjuk pada spring yang sepadan
ditunjukkan pada Rajah 1.2, 1.3, 1.4, 1.5


Diagram 1.2 Diagram 1.3
Rajah 1.2 Rajah 1.3



Diagram 1.4 Diagram 1.5
Rajah 1.4 Rajah 1.5

w = 30 N

l = .................cm

x = .................cm
w = 40 N

l = ...............cm

x = .................cm
w = 50 N

l = ..............cm

x = ..............cm
w = 60 N

l = ..............cm

x = ..............cm


Diagram 1.6
Rajah 1.6

(a) For the experiment described above, identify:
Bagi eksperimen yang diterangkan diatas, kenal pasti:

( i ) The manipulated variable
Pembolehubah dimanipulasikan


................
[1 mark]
[1 markah]
( ii ) The responding variable
Pembolehubah bergerakbalas


.............
[1 mark]
[1 markah]
( iii ) The constant variable
Pembolehubahdimalarkan


..............
[1 mark]
[1 markah]


w = 70 N

l = ..............cm

x = ..............cm
(b) For this part of the question, write your answers in the spaces provided in the
corresponding diagrams.
Untuk bahagian soalan ini, tulis jawapan anda dalam ruangan yang disediakan
dalam rajah-rajah yang sepadan.


Based on Diagrams 1.2, 1.3, 1.4, 1.5 and 1.6 :
Berdasarkan Rajah 1.2, 1.3, 1.4, 1.5 dan 16:

(i) Record the reading of each extension of spring, l.
Catatkan bacaan pemanjangan spring, l.
[2 marks]
[2 markah]

(ii) Calculate the values of extension of spring, x, for each value of l in 1(b)(i) using
the formula , x = l - l
o
. Record the value of x .
Hitung nilai-nilai pemanjangan spring,x, bagi setiap nilai l dalam 1(b)(i)
menggunakan formula , x = l - l
o
. Catatkan nilai bagi x.
[2 marks]
[2 markah]

(iii) Tabulate your results for l and x for all values of w, in the space below.
Jadualkan keputusan anda bagi l dan x untuk semua nilai w, pada ruang
dibawah.


















[3 marks]
[3 markah]


(c) On the graph paper, plot a graph of x against w .
Pada kertas graf , lukis graph x melawan w.
[5 marks]
[5markah]

(d) Based on your graph in 1( c ), state the relationship between x and w.
Berdasarkan graf anda di 1( c ), nyatakan hubungan antara x dan w.



[1 mark]
[1markah]













































































Graph of x against w
Graf x melawan w
2 A student carries out an experiment to investigate the relationship between the
resistance, R and diameter, d, for a constantan wire and determine the resistivity, ,
of constantan. The length, l , of all constantan wires used is 2 x 10
3
mm.
The results of the experiment are shown in the graph R against 2 in Figure 2.1
Seorang murid menjalankan satu eksperimen untuk mengkaji hubungan antara rintangan, R,
dengan diameter, d, bagi wayar konstantan dan menentukan nilai kerintangan, ,
konstantan. Panjang , l , semua wayar konstantan yang digunakan ialah 2 x 10
3
mm.
Keputusan eksperimen itu ditunjukkan oleh graf R melawan 2 dalam Rajah 2.1

(a) State the relationship between R and d
2
.
Nyatakan hubungan antara R dan d
2
.

............................................................................................................................
[1 mark]
[1 markah]

(b) Determine the diameter of a constantan wire which has the resistance of
0.7 .
Show on the graph how you determine the diameter of the wire.

Tentukan diameter suatu wayar konstantan yang mempunyai rintangan 0.7 .
Tunjukkan pada graf bagaimana anda menentukan diameter wayar itu.




[4 marks]
[4 markah]

(c) Determine the gradient, m, of the graph R against

Show on the graph how you determine the gradient.

Tentukan kecerunan, m, graf R melawan

Tunjukkan pada graf bagaimana anda menentukan nilai kecerunan.



[3 marks]
[3 markah]
Graph R against 2
Graf R melawan 2






(d) The resistivity, , of constantan wire is given by the formula:
Kerintangan, , wayar konstantan diberikan oleh formula;

where ,
m = gradient of the graph
k = 0.786

dimana,
m = kecerunan graf.
k = 0.786


(i) Using the formula , , calculate the resistivity, , of
constantan.

Menggunakan formula , , hitung kerintangan, konstantan.




=....................................................
[2 marks]
[2 markah]

(ii) What happen to the gradient, m , of the graph when the bigger diameter of
constantan wire is used.
Apakah berlaku kepada kecerunan, m, graf itu apabila diameter wayar
konstantan yang lebih kecil digunakan.

.........................................................................................................................
[1 mark]
[1 markah]
(e) State one precaution that should be taken during this experiment.
Nyatakan satu langkah berjaga-jaga yang perlu diambil semasa eksperimen
ini dilakukan.

............................................................................................................................
[1 mark]
[1 markah]


Section B
Bahagian B
[12 marks]
[12 markah]

Answer any one question from this section
Jawab mana-mana satu soalan daripada bahagian ini.

3 Diagram 3.1 and Diagram 3.2 shows the same boat are in the river water and the
sea water. The boat displaces more amount of river water compared to the sea
water as shown in Diagram 3.2.
Rajah 3.1 dan Rajah 3.2 menunjukkan sebuah bot yang sama berada didalam
air sungai dan dalam laut. Bot itu menyesarkan jumlah air sungai yang lebih
banyak berbanding dengan air laut seperti yang ditunjukkan dalam Rajah 3.2.


Diagram 3.1 Diagram 3.2
Rajah 3.1 Rajah 3.2

Based on the observation:
Berdasarkan pemerhatian anda:

(a) State one suitable inference. [1 mark]
Nyatakan satu inferens yang sesuai. [1 markah]
(b) State one suitable hypothesis. [1 mark]
Nyatakan satu hipotesis yang sesuai. [1 markah]
(c) Using the apparatus such as load, meter rule and other suitable apparatus, explain
one experiment to investigate the hypothesis stated in 3(b).
Dengan mengunakan radas seperti beban , pembaris dan lain-lain, terangkan
satu eksperimen untuk menyiasat hipotesis yang dinyatakan pada 3(b).

In your description, state clearly the following:
Dalam penerangan anda, nyatakan dengan jelas perkara berikut:

(i) Aim of the experiment.
Tujuan eksperimen.

(ii) Variables in the experiment.
Pembolehubah dalam eksperimen.

(iii) List of apparatus and materials
Senarai radas dan bahan

(iv) Arrangement of the apparatus.
Susunan radas.

(v) The procedure of the experiment which include one method of controlling
the manipulated variable and one method of measuring the responding
variable.
Prosedur eksperimen termasuk satu kaedah mengawal pembolehubah
dimanipulasikan dan satu kaedah mengukur pembolehubah bergerak
balas.

(vi) The way to tabulate the data.
Cara untuk menjadualkan data.

(vii) The way to analyse the data.
Cara menganalisis data.

[10 marks ]
[10 markah]








4 Diagram 4.1 shows a bicycle dynamo which has a magnet and a coil of insulated
copper wire. The output of the dynamo is connected to a bicycle lamp. The lamp
will light up when the magnet is rotated by turning the wheel.
Diagram 4.2 shows the light gets brighter when the wheel turns faster.

Rajah 4.1 menunjukkan sebuah dinamo basikal yang mempunyai
magnet dan gegelung daripada wayar kuprum bertebat. Output dinamo
disambungkan kepada lampu basikal. Lampu akan menyala bila magnet
berpusing dengan cara memutarkan roda.
Rajah 4.2 menunjukkan lampu menjadi lebih cerah apabila roda berputar lebih
laju.



Diagram 4.1 Diagram 4.2
Rajah 4.1 Rajah 4.2

Using your knowledge of electromagnetism induction:
Menggunakan pengetahuan anda berkaitan aruhan elektromagnet :

( a) Make one suitable inference.
Nyatakan satu inferens yang sesuai

( b) State one suitable hypothesis.
Nyatakan satu hipotesis yang sesuai..


(c) With the use of apparatus such a bar magnet, a coil of copper wire and other
apparatus, describe one experiment to investigate the hypothesis stated in
4(b).

Dengan menggunakan radas seperti magnet bar, gegelung wayar kuprum dan
Iain-lain radas, terangkan satu eksperimen untuk menyiasat hipotesis yang
dinyatakan di 4(b).

In your description, state clearly the following:
Dalam penerangan anda, nyatakan dengan jelas perkara berikut:

( i) aim of the experiment
tujuan eksperimen

( ii) variables in experiment
pembolehubah eksperimen

( iii) list of apparatus and materials
senarai radas dan bahan

( iv) arrangement of the apparatus
susunan radas

( v) the procedure of the experiment, which includes one method of controlling
manipulated variable and one method of measuring the responding
variable.
prosedur eksperimen termasuk satu kaedah mengawal pembolehubah
dimanipulasi dan satu kaedah mengukur pembolehubah bertindakbalas.

( vi) the way to tabulate the data
cara menjadualkan data

( vii) the way to analyse the data
cara menganalisis data
MARKING SCHEME PAPER 3 SET 3

SECTION A

NO MARKING SCHEME MARK
SUB TOTAL
1. (a) (i)


(ii)


(iii)




(b)


(c)







- Weight of slotted weight / W
Berat pemberat / W


- Extension of spring / x
Pemanjangan spring / x


-Stiffness of spring / Original length of spring /
Diameter of spring / Diameter of wire
Kekerasan spring / Panjang asal spring /
Diameter spring / Diameter wayar

l
0 =
20.0 cm


-
Values of w, l and x shown in the table

- State the units of w, l and x correctly
- The values of l is correct
Note : if any three correct, award 1 mark
- The values of l are consistently to one decimal
point
- The values of x

are consistently to one decimal
point

-
Nilai-nilai w, l dan x ditunjuk pada jadual

- Nyatakan unit w, l dan x dengan betul
- Nilai l betul
Nota : jika mana-mana 3 betul, beri 1 markah
- Nilai-nilai l tekal pada satu tempat perpuluhan
- Nilai-nilai x

tekal pada satu tempat perpuluhan









W / N l

/ cm x

/ cm
30 47.5 27.5
40 57.0 37.5
50 66.0 46.0
60 75.5 55.5
70 84.5 64.5
1


1


1




1


1
1
2


1

1














1


1


1




1









6








NO MARKING SCHEME MARK
SUB TOTAL

(d)







































( e )

Draw a complete graph of x against w

Tick based on the following aspects :
- A. Show x on Y-axis and w

on X-axis
- B. State the units of the variables correctly
- C. Both axes are marked with uniform scale
- D. All five points are plotted correctly
Note : Only three points plotted correctly, award
- E. Best straight line is drawn
- F. Show the minimum size of graph at least
5 x 4 ( 2 cm x 2 cm ) square
( counted from the origin until the furthest
point )
Lukis graf x melawan w dengan lengkap

Tanda berdasarkan aspek berikut :
- A. Tunjukkan x pada paksi Y dan
w

pada

paksi X
- B. Nyatakan unit semua pemboleh ubah
dengan betul
- C. Skala graf kedua-dua paksi adalah
seragam
- D. Kesemua titik ditanda dengan betul
Nota : Hanya tiga titik ditanda dengan betul, diberi
- E. Garis lurus penyesuaian yang terbaik dan
licin
- F. Saiz graf sekurang-kurangnya
5 x 4 ( 2 cm x 2 cm ) per segi
( dikira dari titik asalan hingga titik
terakhir)

Score
Number of Score
7
5-6
3-4
2
1
5
4
3
2
1

- Extension of spring / x is directly proportional to
the weight of slotted weight / W
-Pemanjangan spring / x berkadar langsung dengan
Berat pemberat / W






































5




1






































5




1

































20
10
30
40
60
50
70
W / N
0 20 40 60 80 100
Graph of x against W
Graf x melawan W

No 2 Answer Mark
(a)(i) Inversely proportional / R 1/d
2
1
(b) 1. Show on the graph the correct extrapolation
2. Doing correct interpolation by drawing at least a vertical or
horizontal line at R = 0.7
3. The corresponding value of 1/d
2
= 0.56 mm
-2
4. d = 1.336 mm (correct unit)

1
1

1
1

(c) 1. Draw a sufficient large triangle ( 8 cm x 10 cm)

2. m = 0.7 - 0
0.56 - 0

= 1.25 mm
2


1

1


1
(d)(i) = 0.786 ( 1.25 )
2 x 10
3

= 4.91 x 10
-4
mm
1

1
(d)(ii) Increase 1
(e) All connections of wires should be tightly fixed 1
Total 12
















No.3 Mark Marking scheme
3 (a) 1 State the suitable inference

Weight of the liquid displaced depend on density of liquid.

Berat cecair yang di sesarkan bergantung kepada ketumpatan cecair
tersebut.


(b) 1 State a relevant hypothesis
The magnitude of the density increases when buoyant force
increases.

Semakin meningkat ketumpatan semakin meningkat daya
apungan.

(c)(i) 1
State the aim of experiment
Tujuan eksperimen :
To study the relationship between buoyant force and weight of liquid
displaced
Mengkaji hubungan antara daya apungan dengan berat bendalir
tersesar

(ii)
1




1
State the suitable manipulated variables and responding variable
Manipulated variables : density of liquid

Pembolehubah dimanipulasi : ketumpatan cecair
tersesar

Responding variables : weight of liquid displaced
Pembolehubah bergerak balas : berat cecair disesarkan


1 State the constant variable : volume of liquid
Constant variable : Volume of liquid
Pembolehubah dimalarkan : isipadu cecair


(iii) 1 State the complete list of apparatus and materials
Senarai alat radas dan bahan ;
Wooden block, spring balance, beaker,eureka can, water, salt and
compress balance
Blok kayu , neraca spring , bikar , bekas eureka , air, garam, dan
neraca mampatan.


(iv) 1


Draw the functional arrangement of the apparatus
Susunan radas






(v)


1

Control of manipulated variable:
Measure weight of wooden block in the air and spring balance =W1
The wooden block is immersed in the water mixed with salt,5g
measure and record new weight of wooden block = w
2

Timbang berat blok kayu di udara dengan neraca spring = W
1

Blok kayu kemudian direndamkan separa ke dalam air garam
5g, dan berat baru blok dicatatkan daripada bacaan neraca spring
= W
2



1 Measurement of responding variable:
Mengukur pembolehubah gerakbalas

Calculate the buoyant force F = w
1
-w
2

Measure weight of water displaced in the beaker used by compress
balance=w
3

Hitungkan daya apungan F = W
1
W
2

Timbang berat air yang tesesar ke dalam bikar dengan
menggunakan neraca mampatan = W
3


1 Repeat the experiment at least 4 times with the values
Repeat the eksperiment by changing density of liquid by adding the
mass of salt of 10g, 15 g, 20 g , 25 g .
Eksperimen diulangi sebanyak 4 kali iaitu dengan menambah jisim
garam10g, 15g, 20g, 25g .
















(vi)


State how the data tabulated with the title MV and RV

Menjadual data:

Density (gcm
-3
) // Mass of salt
added(g)

Buoyant force(N)
5
10
15
20
25


(vii)




1



State how the data is analysed, plot a graph RV against MV

Plot a graph of buoyant force against density

Lukiskan graf daya tujahan melawan ketumpatan


12
Paper 3 (Section B) Mark
4(a) Inference :
The magnitude of the induced current (and before the brightness of the
bulb ) depends on how rapid the magnet moves in a coil of wire.

1
(b) Hypothesis :
The greater the velocity of a magnet moves through a coil, the greater
magnitude of the induced current produced.
1

(c)(i)
Aim of the experiment :
To study the relationship between the motion of a magnet in a coil and
the induced current produced.
1
(ii) Variables of the experiment :
Manipulated :Height of the magnet ( height of magnet from the
coil determines the velocity of the magnet in the coil )
Responding :Galvanometer reading
Constant :Number of turns in the coil

1

1


(iii) List of apparatus and materials :
Bar magnet, coil of wire, galvanometer and connecting wire.
1

(iv)
Arrangement of apparatus :

























1

(v)
Procedure :
Apparatus as shown in the figure is prepared. The height of the bar
magnet from the table is set as 20.0 cm. the magnet is then dropped into
the coil of the wire. The deflection of the galvanometer is recorded.
The experiment is repeated with heights of 30.0 cm, 40.0 cm, 50.0 cm
and 60.0 cm.





1


1



Bar magnet
H
Insulated copper wire
ammeter

(vi)
Height of the
magnet,
h / cm
Galvanometer
deflection
20.0
30.0
40.0
50.0
60.0






1

(vii)
A graph of the galvanometer reading I against height of the bar magnet
from the surface of the table, h is plotted.
1
TOTAL 12