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Parameter identification of steam turbine speed

governor system

Yang Tao, Feng Yongxin
*

Electric Power Science Research Institute of Guangdong
Power Grid Corporation
Guangzhou, 510080, China
Yang Tao, Ren Yong, Tang Lei, Li Yanghai
School of Energy and Power Engineering
Huazhong University of Science & Technology (HUST)
Wuhan, 430074, China


AbstractThe dynamic characteristics of the steam turbine speed
governor system is one of the major factor that influence the
security of the power system. It has important practical
significance for the security of the power system to establish the
detailed dynamic model of the steam turbine speed governor
system through parameter identification. This paper starts from
the actual needs of the modeling of steam turbine speed governor
system, several key issues such as field test of the speed control
system, data preprocessing, parameter identification and
simulation verification are researched, the solution of the key
problems in the field static test and dynamic disturbance test is
summarized, a variety of data preprocessing algorithms and
parameter identification algorithms are achieved, and a new
method for the simulation verification is proposed. On this basis,
software based on MATLAB for the parameter identification of
the steam turbine governor system is developed, which can
perform the data preprocessing, parameter identification and
simulation verification. The software offers a variety of
parameter identification method to identify the linear and
nonlinear part of the system model quickly and efficiently, and
provides detailed qualitative and quantitative method for the
evaluation of the simulation verification. The parameter
identification results of steam turbine governor system of a
power plant show that the software is user friendly and feature
rich, and also show that it can complete parameter identification
of steam turbine speed governor system intelligently and
precisely.
Keywords- speed governor system, field test, data preprocessing,
parameter identification, simulation verification
I. INTRODUCTION
The speed governor system is one of the major control
systems of the steam turbine generators, the regulation quality
and dynamic characteristics not only affect the unit's own
economy and security, but also play a vital role in the safe and
stable operation of power system and ensure power frequency.
Therefore, in order to analysis the stability of the power system
accurately and simulate the accident that affects the entire
power system, accurate and reliable turbine speed governor
system model parameters is one of the parameters required, the
research on the relevant experiment and model parameter
identification is needed.
Back in the 70s of last century, IEEE has published the
report, they summarized various types of prime mover and the
mathematical model of their speed governor system that
applied to power system analysis, and gives a typical block
diagram of the theoretical mathematical model [1], part of the
models provides the design parameters of the manufacturers,
but most of the model parameters is difficult to obtain.
The American West Power Coordinating Committee
(WECC), conducted two large-scale grid experiments in the
western United States in 2000 and 2001 respectively, it has
found that the original model of the speed governor system is
inconsistent with the measured dynamic response during the
test, thus they established new speed governor system model
[2-4].
The identification technology used for the dynamic
modeling of prime mover and speed governor system begins in
the 80s. In 1981, Japan's kansai electric power company had
been using disturbance signal to conduct the model parameter
identification and dynamic checking of the full range of
mechanical and electrical model of the generator [5], but just
the output waveform of the simulation and the actual system is
compared ,the results appear rough. In Canada, Dr. Park
Dohyoung applied frequency response method to the parameter
identification of the steam turbine generator, the stability of
small disturbances was studied, and it provided the direction
for the system renovation [6]. The United States has proposed a
method using the least square method and the instrumental
variable method to establish the model of steam turbine speed
governor system, but only the simulation was conducted, the
identification work in actual engineering was not performed [7].
Japan's Takashi Hiyama, used neural network model for the
modeling of the steam turbine speed governor system [8],
Using this method, Ai Qian studied the dynamic characteristics
of the main power components [9]. The research on the
validation of simulation model from identification has been
widely carried out in the aero of aerospace and military
weapons simulation [10-11].But the literature on the simulation
validation of the results from parameter identification of steam
turbine is few, generally, the waveform from the simulation
and measured waveform is compared, the results obtained is
rough and is just a qualitative analysis. In [12],it considered the
unit that suffered a certain level of random manual disturbance
and control system errors, the relative average error under
different amplitude of random manual disturbance is equivalent
to relative error under the same basis, this error is used as a
measure for the validation of model parameters from
identification .
978-1-4577-0547-2/12/$31.00 2012 IEEE
Model validation is an essential part of the parameter
identification, it needs to validate from several aspects, the
literature mentioned above evaluates and validates the
simulation error and identification results just by a certain
mathematical formula ,which to some extent, is not
comprehensive enough.
The research on the parameter identification of the steam
turbine speed governor system has been rather broad in the
current literature, but mostly are theoretical research, practical
use is few. Moreover, lack of systematic research on
engineering applications, such as the field test of parameter
identification of steam turbine speed governor system and the
verification of the identification results is few. Therefore, the
study on the steam turbine dynamic model parameter
identification method for engineering applications has broad
prospects.
The contributions of this paper are: 1 summarized the
solution of the key problems in the field static test and dynamic
disturbance test; 2 a variety of data preprocessing algorithms
and parameter identification algorithms are achieved, and a
new method for the simulation verification is proposed; 3 a
software based on MATLAB for the parameter identification of
the steam turbine governor system is developed and applied to
the field test.
II. THE COMMON PROBLEMS IN EXPERIMENT
AND SOLUTIONS
In general, the modeling experiment of steam turbine speed
governor system can be divided to the static test before startup
and the dynamic disturbance test after startup.
The task of static test, at first, is to analyze the principle of
the controller to obtain the control structure and related
parameters, such as varying rates of speed, dead zone, PID
parameters and limitation settings; the second is to obtain the
dynamic characteristics of hydraulic servo, such as the electro-
hydraulic converter module parameters, the valve switching
time, and the inertia time constant of feedback channel of the
valve position. The task of the dynamic test is to verify the
accuracy of the model and obtain the model parameters of the
steam turbine.
A. The common problems in static test and the solutions
1) The common problems on the measurement of valve
switching time and the solutions: there are two main factors
that influence the accuracy of the measurement of the valve
switching time, Firstly the signal amplification exists in
electro-hydraulic converter, and the valve switching time will
be influenced by the controller parameters. The second is that
during the test the valve is easy to enter into the nonlinear
region (such as speed and amplitude limitation during the
valve switching process.) Once inside, the measured time is no
longer the time constant of normal switch. The solution is to
get the electro-hydraulic converter control parameters which
have been good setting before the test, the initial and end
valve position in the test should not be fully open and fully
closed position, and during the disturbance test the large and
the small disturbance test should be divided. During Large
disturbance test its suggested that generally the disturbance>
50%, small disturbance test <"30%, whether enter into the
nonlinear region as the standard, at last take the appropriate
identification method (eg genetic algorithm) to obtain accurate
valve switch time.
2) For the inertia time constant of the valve feedback
channel, because the test is difficult to obtain signals directly
at both ends, you can consider using the valve switch test data
to obtain it through the identification. Meanwhile, it is
generally small; therefore, you can take an empirical value
instead.
B. The common problems in dynamic disturbance test and
the solutions
The main purpose of the dynamic disturbance test is to
measure the inertia time constant of steam volume. During the
dynamic disturbances test there are usually have the following
problems:
1) In order to excite the dynamic characteristics of the unit
which is more obvious, load disturbance test usually requires
the step disturbance test. But in fact for security reasons or
constraints on functional design, the control system is often
difficult to meet the test requirements. In this case, the best
method is to modify the control system configuration, and
apply step disturbance directly on the speed feedback, speed
setting and valve position setting , thus, you can get a good
test data waveform which is conducive to model parameter
identification; However, in the case if it can not modify the
configuration, only a slope disturbance can be applied ,the
only thing we can do is to optimize the identification
algorithm, such as genetic algorithm, PSO algorithm and
fuzzy neural network method for system parameter
identification, However, the reliability of the results of
identification will be affected.
2) During the load disturbance test, the pressure signal is
usually taken from the DCS cabinet, rather than direct
measurements from the scene. Therefore, it should pay special
attention weather the signal is in real time when taking the
signal from the DCS system. For the best, the signal is
introduced from the external point directly to the data
acquisition system. If there are no corresponding connection
positions, we may consider setting up a temporary connection
point, changing the sampling frequency of DCS or adding
measurement points in the field directly.
3) The control parameters of the load controller have a big
affect on the dynamic characteristics of the unit under the
closed-loop power control, especially the PID parameters. If
the parameters provided by the manufacturer do not reflect the
actual setting of the control parameters, the simulation results
will produce a greater error when compared with the actual
output of the system. Once this happens, you should make the
calculation to check the control parameters in order to obtain
more accurate controller parameters. We can check the PID
parameters through the closed-loop step disturbance test, its
suggested to take the PSO algorithm or genetic algorithm to
validate the parameters. The validation of speed
transformation time, varying rate of speed, dead zone of
primary control can be combined with the primary control test.
III. DATA PREPROCESSING OF THE FIELD TEST
DATA
Governor system, the collected data from the field test is
very complex and cannot be directly used for the parameter
identification, the data pretreatment is needed. From the
engineering application point of view of steam turbine speed
governor system parameter identification, the data
preprocessing includes data filtering, making data in per unit,
and data normalization.
A. Data filtering
The studies have found that using Butterworth digital low-
pass filter to smooth the field test data and remove the
unwanted noise at certain frequencies can effectively reduce
the impact of noise on parameter identification, based on the
characteristics of the speed governor system model and
sampling time, combined with the practical needs to set pass-
band cutoff frequency Wp, stop-band cutoff frequency Ws and
the time period that requires filtering, then the field data can be
filtered.
B. Data in per unit
Making data in per unit is to convert the field test data with
corresponding units to dimensionless data which meet the
requirements of parameter identification of the steam turbine
speed governor system, the formula of conversion is as
follows:

e
x
i x
i X
) (
) ( = (1)
Where, X(i) is the dimensionless data; x(i) is the field test
data ; xe is the reference value corresponding to the field test
data .
C. Data normalization
Data normalization is to convert the field test data with
corresponding units to dimensionless data ranged from 0 to 1,
reduce the effect of certain singular data to the parameter
identification process. The formula of conversion is as follows:

min max
min
) ( ) (
) ( ) (
) (
i x i x
i x i x
i x

= (2)
Where x(i) is the field test data; x(i)max is the maximum
value of the field test data; x(i)min is the minimum value of the
field test data.
IV. RESEARCH ON THE PARAMETER
IDENTIFICATION ALGORITHMS FOR SPEED
GOVERNOR SYSTEM
Parameter identification is to set the error criterion function
J and compare the actual output yr and model output ym under
the same excitation signal, and get the error signal e, based on
the error criterion function J and identification algorithms the
model parameters are modified until the error criterion function
J becomes minimum, then the model parameters is considered
to be the system parameters to be identified.
The steam turbine speed governor system has both linear
part and nonlinear part, we selected four parameter
identification algorithms - least squares algorithm, genetic
algorithm, neural network identification algorithm and particle
swarm optimization algorithm. Among them, the least squares
algorithm and genetic algorithm have been applied to
parameter identification in practical engineering, are relatively
mature, the basic principle of the algorithms wouldnt be
studied in this paper. This paper focuses on the parameter
identification using particle swarm optimization algorithm.
PSO is a relatively new global stochastic optimization
algorithm; the mathematical description of the standard
algorithm is as follows:
Set the number of particles in the M-dimensional search
space is N, the position of the ith particle is represented as
vector ) ,... , (
2 1 in i i i
x x x x , the velocity of the ith particle is
represented as vector ) ,... , (
2 1 in i i i
v v v v , for each particle by
calculating and evaluating the value of the fitness function we
can get the optimal position each particle has experienced
which is denoted as ) ,... , (
2 1 in i i i
p p p p and the best position
denoted by ) ,... , (
2 1 in i i i
pg pg pg pg which is the best
position every particle has experienced . Using the following
formula the particle velocity and position will update from t to t
+1:
) ( * 2 * 2
) ( * 1 * 1
1
t
id gd
t
id id
t
id
t
id
x p rand c
x p rand c wv

+ + =
+

(3)
1 1 + +
+ =
t
id
t
id
t
id
x x (4)
Where, i = 1,2, ..., M; d = 1,2, ..., N; w is inertia weight; c1,
c2 is the accelerating factor; rand1, rand2 are the random
number between [0 1]; after the particle velocity and position
are random initialized, according to equation (3) and
(4),iterative calculations can be made until the stop condition is
meet up.
Although PSO has many advantages, there are also some
drawbacks of the standard particle swarm optimization
algorithm, such as fast convergence at the beginning, but latter
it can easily fall into local extreme which causes slow
convergence, in order to improve the performance and
convergence rate, we use the following methods to modify the
standard particle swarm optimization algorithm:
1) Improvement of the inertia weight :The inertia weight
is used to balance the ability of the local convergence and
global convergence, the smaller the inertia weight is, the
stronger the ability of local convergence is, the greater the
inertia weight is, the stronger the ability of global convergence
is, we use a linear decreasing strategy to set the inertia weight ,
the formula is as follows:
t
t
w w
w t w

=
max
min max
max
) ( (5)
Where
min max
, w w are the preset maximum and minimum
value of the inertia weights respectively, t is the current
number of the iterations,
max
t is the maximum number of the
iterations
It can be seen from the formula, with the increasing of the
number of iterations, the inertia weight gradually decreases
linearly from the maximum weight to a minimum weight, so it
has ensured that at the beginning of the algorithm there is a
strong global convergence capability, and a strong ability of
local convergence at the later stage of the algorithm, therefore
the performance of the algorithm is enhanced.
2) Add the convergence factor :Some scholars put
forward the concept of convergence factor which ensures the
convergence of the algorithm. After the introduction of
convergence factor, the formula (4) becomes the following
form:

1 1 + +
+ =
t
id
t
id
t
id
x x (6)
The value of convergence factor can be chosen based on
experience, or calculated by the following formula:
) 2 1 ( 4 ) 2 1 ( 2 1 2
2
c c c c c c + +
= (7)
Where 2 , 1 c c is the same with that in (3).
3) Add the Simulated Annealing Algorithm:In this paper,
we combined the simulated annealing algorithm and the
particle swarm algorithm to disturb the particle at the global
optimal position, which can enhance the search ability, the idea
is as follow: when a particle is at the global optimal position,
the position of the particle is changed by the following
formula:
rand t x t x
i i
* ) ( ) 1 (
'
+ = + (8)
Where is the amplitude of variation for the particle
position, rand is a random number between [0 1].
Calculate the values of fitness function )] 1 ( [
'
+ t x f
i
and
)] 1 ( [ + t x f
i
corresponding to ) 1 (
'
+ t x
i
and ) 1 ( + t x
i

respectively, compare the two values and update the position of
the particle following formula (9) and (10)
)] 1 ( [ )] 1 ( [
'
+ + = t x f t x f f
i i
(9)

< +
+
= +


) 1 , 1 ( ) , 1 min( ) 1 (
) 1 , 1 ( ) , 1 min( ) 1 (
) 1 (
/
/ '
rand e t x
rand e t x
t x
T f
i
T f
i
i
(10)
Where T
0
is the initial temperature, generally the greater T
0
is, the higher convergence accuracy of simulated annealing
algorithm; t is the current number of iterations.
The basic idea that apply the Particle Swarm Algorithm to
parameter identification of speed governor system is to make
the model parameters to be identified form a particle, based on
the establishment of speed governor system with unknown
parameters, random initialize the particles to get a speed
governor system model randomly, after simulation the model
output and the actual output under the same input conditions
are compared, using the error function and particle swarm
algorithms modify the model parameters until the error
function is minimum ,then the current model parameters are the
parameters to be identified.
These algorithms for parameter identification have their
own characteristics and different scopes of application due to
different structures; Table I lists their respective characteristics
and scope of application:
TABLE I. COMPARISON OF THE PARAMETER IDENTIFICATION
ALGORITHM
Parameter
identification
algorithm
Scopeof
application
Requirements
for the
measurement
points
Robust
Identification
speed
The format of
the results
Least square
Linear
system
High Weak Fast
Transform
Function
Instrumental
variable
Linear
system
High
Not
Strong
enough
Fast
Transform
Function
Neural
network
Linear
system
High Weak Fast
Transform
Function
Genetic
Algorithm
Linear or
nonlinear
system
Not High Strong
Takes
some time
Corresponding
values of
parameters
Particle
swarm
optimization
Linear or
nonlinear
system
Not High Strong
Takes
some time
Corresponding
values of
parameters

As can be seen from Table I, choosing a particular model
parameter identification algorithm according to different
conditions or using several parameter identification algorithms
for the model parameter identification can improve the
efficiency and accuracy.
In order to improve the speed of parameter identification,
some of the parameters used for parameter identification, such
as data sampling time T, model order N in least squares
algorithm and neural network parameter identification
algorithm, population size and evolution generation in genetic
algorithm, population size, the number of iterations and the
inertia weight in particle swarm algorithm, etc. can be pre-set
default values based on experience, and modified or remain
unchanged according to the actual situation in the identification
process.
V. SIMULATION VERIFICATION OF THE MODEL OF SPEED
GOVERNOR SYSTEM
After the speed governor system model parameters are
identified, we need the model verification based on the
parameters identified, namely make use of the field measured
input signal to the simulation model, compare the model output
signal with the field measured output signal to analyze the
reliability and validity of the model identified. It consists of
mainly two aspects the system model and simulation
verification methods, and a practical system simulation
platform is the basis to perform the model verification quickly
and effectively.
The simulation model validation methods are generally
divided into two categories: qualitative and quantitative
methods. Qualitative evaluation methods generally observe the
agreement between the actual output graphics and simulation
output graphics, residual plots and correlation diagram are two
important qualitative graphical analysis method. There are a lot
of quantitative analysis methods, this paper takes the numerical
indicator of curve fitting based on the principle of
mathematical statistics, error energy ratio, dynamic correlation
analysis based on the correlation theory and error evaluation of
step response .
numerical indicator of curve fitting is to measure the
agreement between the actual output curve and simulation
output curve by examining the error between the actual output
and simulation output, and then evaluate its reliability and
validity of the model, it includes the goodness of curve fit,
error limit, the sum of squared residuals, mean absolute error,
mean relative error, mean square error, mean square relative
error, synthetic error. These indicators are relatively simple;
take the goodness of curve fit for example, which based on the
equivalent mean square relative error, the formula is as follows:

% 100 ]
) (
1 [
1
2

=
N
y y
n
i
i i

(11)
Where, is the goodness of curve fitting;
i i
y y

were
measured and simulated output data sequence respectively; N
is total sampling points for the data sequence; is the
disturbance of measured output, =|y
end
-y
start
|, and y
end
is the
mean value of measured output of the last 5 seconds in the time
window of simulation, y
start
is the measured steady-state output
before disturbance.
Error energy ratio reflects the percentage of model
simulation error on actual total disturbance when the system is
suffered a certain degree of disturbance, its to verify the model
in general, the formula is as follows :

=
=

=
N
i
start i
N
i
i i
y y
y y
EE
1
2
1
2
) (
) (
(12)
Dynamic correlation analysis method is to evaluate the
consistency and dynamic correlation base on the geometry
graphics of actual output and simulation output, and validate
the model. TIC coefficient method and the gray correlation
analysis method is the two representative methods [7].
error evaluation methods based on the indicators of step
response evaluate the reliability and effectiveness of the model
by analyzing the indicators of step response curves of
simulation model and actual system, such as step amplitude,
peak time, delay time, regulating time, overshoot, regulation
accuracy (namely relative steady-state error), it is a model
validation method with strong physical meaning. It includes the
direct evaluation of the indicators error and the overall model
quantitative validation method which is combined with
similarly principle.
VI. SOFT DESIGN
Based on the studies above, this paper has developed
software used for the parameter identification and simulation of
steam turbine speed governor system, the functional structure
is shown in Figure 1
According to the functional structure of the software shown
in Figure 1, the software designed the data preprocessing,
parameter identification and system simulation functional
interfaces, taking into account the independence and
association between these functional interfaces, the software
also designed a function selection interface. Figure 2 shows the
parameter identification interface that first provides interface
for the data, models and global parameters, and then integrates
several different types of algorithms such as least squares
algorithm, genetic algorithm, neural network and particle
swarm algorithm, you can select one or several algorithms for
the parameter identification, also you can perform preliminary
simulation analysis for the identification results; Figure 3
shows the platform for system simulation , it provides model
library used for simulation verification, mainly for system
simulation and verification of the simulation results to verify
the validity and reliability of the model.

Figure 1. Functional structure of the software

Figure 2. The interface for parameter identification of speed governor
system

Figure 3. The platform for simulation of speed governor system
VII. THE APPLICATION OF THE SOFTWARE FOR
PARAMETER IDENTIFICATION OF STEAM TURBINE
SPEED GOVERNOR SYSTEM
The software is developed based on the actual needs of
modeling of the steam turbine speed governor system of one
province, and has been used in the actual modeling work. Now
the following is a case.
First based on the system structure of the steam turbine
speed governor system in a power plant, we choose the
standard PSASP model closest to it from the model library, as
shown in Figure 4:

(a) Speed governor (PSASP4)

(b) Electro hydraulic servo model

(c) Steam turbine model
Figure 4. Steam turbine speed governor system model
In the model shown in Figure 4, the parameters need to
identified generally include opening time constant of the
hydraulic servomotor To, the closing time constant Tc of the
hydraulic servomotor, time constant of the steam volume Tch,
time constant of the reheater volume Trh and time constant of
communicating pipe between intermediate pressure and low
pressure cylinders Tco and so on. By the static switch test of
the valve, the open-loop dynamic power disturbance test and
closed loop dynamic power disturbance test, the data used for
parameter identification and simulation is obtained. After the
data preprocessing, it can be used for the parameter
identification. Because the system is nonlinear, we use the
genetic algorithm or particle swarm optimization algorithm for
the parameter identification; the data used for the identification
is the static test data and open-loop dynamic power disturbance
test data. Take the parameter identification using particle
swarm optimization for example, the identification results is
shown in Table II.
TABLE II. IDENTIFICATION RESULTS
Parameters to be identified Identification results
Opening time constant of hydraulic servomotor 6.625
Closing time constant of hydraulic servomotor 0.5289
Time constant of steam volume 1.098
Time constant of reheater volume 10.05
Time constant of communication pipe 0.6024

Based on the identified parameters and the parameters that
obtained from the power plant, the system simulation can be
done on the platform for system simulation in the software, the
verification data is from the close loop dynamic power
disturbance test, the input signal is the load command, output
signal is the mechanical power, the verification results is
shown in Figure 5.

Figure 5. Model verification of the steam turbine speed governor system
It can be seen from Figure 5, the simulation using
parameters provided by the power plant shows slow response,
the simulation results is poor. Further analysis can found that
the problem was mainly due to the unreasonable values of the
PID control parameters provided by the power plant. Therefore,
using the particle swarm optimization algorithm we can check
the parameter values of PID load controller and the electro-
hydraulic converter PID controller, the data used is the rising
part of the closed-loop dynamic power disturbance test data.
Table III lists the results of the identification check.
TABLE III. CHECK RESULTS OF THE PID CONTROLLERS PARAMETERS
Parameters to be checked Check results
Parameters of the
load controller
Proportional coefficient 1.006
Differential coefficient 0
Integral coefficient 1/6.829
Parameters of the
electro hydraulic
servo controller
Proportional coefficient 20.37
Differential coefficient 0
Integral coefficient 1/13.17

Using the system simulation platform of the software, we
can verify the model with the checked model parameters, the
data for verification is the falling part of the close loop
dynamic power disturbance test data. The qualitative analysis
result is shown in Figure 6.

(a) residual plot (b) correlation diagram
Figure 6. The qualitative results of the verification of the speed governor
system model
Because the output in the field test is not the step response,
the quantitative analysis method based on the indicators of step
response is not used in this paper. Other quantitative analysis
results are shown in Table IV.
TABLE IV. QUANTITATIVE ANALYSIS FOR THE VERIFICATION OF THE
SPEED GOVERNOR SYSTEM MODEL IDENTIFIED
Indicators for quantitative analysis Value
Goodness of the curve fitting(%) 98.6988
Maximum error limit [1 2](%) [-3.763.147]
Residual sum of squares RSS 11.5621
Mean square error MSE 0.012976
Mean absolute error MAE 0.010416
Mean square relative error MSRE 0.013012
Average relative error ARE 0.010445
Comprehensive error CE [0.0116960.011728]
Error energy ratio EE 0.00033231
TIC coefficient 0.0091319
grey relational grade


0.71918

The results shown in Figure 6 and Table IV prove that the
unknown parameters in the model can be identified accurately
by using the software for parameter identification of steam
turbine speed governor system, and then the steam turbine
governor system model with accurate parameters is obtained..
VIII. CONCLUSION
In this paper, the software is developed based on the actual
needs for modeling the steam turbine speed governor system of
one province in China. The result has shown that the software
is user-friendly, easy to use, with advanced algorithms, and can
get the accurate model of the steam turbine governor system.
Compared to other software, the software has the following
characteristics:
1) The software integrates the data preprocessing,
parameter identification and validation in one simulation
platform, its fully functional;
2) The software provides a variety of parameter
identification algorithms including the Particle Swarm
Optimization algorithm, and can identify the model
parameters in linear part and nonlinear part of the steam
turbine governor system quickly and efficiently;
3) The software offers a variety of qualitative and
quantitative analysis methods for simulation verification, the
simulation verification analysis can be more comprehensively;
4) The software has strong expansibility for application,
not only for the parameter identification of steam turbine
governor system; other control systems can also be identified.
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
This research was supported by the NSFC (National
Natural Science Foundation of China). Project No. 50975105.
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