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governor system

Yang Tao, Feng Yongxin

*

Electric Power Science Research Institute of Guangdong

Power Grid Corporation

Guangzhou, 510080, China

Yang Tao, Ren Yong, Tang Lei, Li Yanghai

School of Energy and Power Engineering

Huazhong University of Science & Technology (HUST)

Wuhan, 430074, China

AbstractThe dynamic characteristics of the steam turbine speed

governor system is one of the major factor that influence the

security of the power system. It has important practical

significance for the security of the power system to establish the

detailed dynamic model of the steam turbine speed governor

system through parameter identification. This paper starts from

the actual needs of the modeling of steam turbine speed governor

system, several key issues such as field test of the speed control

system, data preprocessing, parameter identification and

simulation verification are researched, the solution of the key

problems in the field static test and dynamic disturbance test is

summarized, a variety of data preprocessing algorithms and

parameter identification algorithms are achieved, and a new

method for the simulation verification is proposed. On this basis,

software based on MATLAB for the parameter identification of

the steam turbine governor system is developed, which can

perform the data preprocessing, parameter identification and

simulation verification. The software offers a variety of

parameter identification method to identify the linear and

nonlinear part of the system model quickly and efficiently, and

provides detailed qualitative and quantitative method for the

evaluation of the simulation verification. The parameter

identification results of steam turbine governor system of a

power plant show that the software is user friendly and feature

rich, and also show that it can complete parameter identification

of steam turbine speed governor system intelligently and

precisely.

Keywords- speed governor system, field test, data preprocessing,

parameter identification, simulation verification

I. INTRODUCTION

The speed governor system is one of the major control

systems of the steam turbine generators, the regulation quality

and dynamic characteristics not only affect the unit's own

economy and security, but also play a vital role in the safe and

stable operation of power system and ensure power frequency.

Therefore, in order to analysis the stability of the power system

accurately and simulate the accident that affects the entire

power system, accurate and reliable turbine speed governor

system model parameters is one of the parameters required, the

research on the relevant experiment and model parameter

identification is needed.

Back in the 70s of last century, IEEE has published the

report, they summarized various types of prime mover and the

mathematical model of their speed governor system that

applied to power system analysis, and gives a typical block

diagram of the theoretical mathematical model [1], part of the

models provides the design parameters of the manufacturers,

but most of the model parameters is difficult to obtain.

The American West Power Coordinating Committee

(WECC), conducted two large-scale grid experiments in the

western United States in 2000 and 2001 respectively, it has

found that the original model of the speed governor system is

inconsistent with the measured dynamic response during the

test, thus they established new speed governor system model

[2-4].

The identification technology used for the dynamic

modeling of prime mover and speed governor system begins in

the 80s. In 1981, Japan's kansai electric power company had

been using disturbance signal to conduct the model parameter

identification and dynamic checking of the full range of

mechanical and electrical model of the generator [5], but just

the output waveform of the simulation and the actual system is

compared ,the results appear rough. In Canada, Dr. Park

Dohyoung applied frequency response method to the parameter

identification of the steam turbine generator, the stability of

small disturbances was studied, and it provided the direction

for the system renovation [6]. The United States has proposed a

method using the least square method and the instrumental

variable method to establish the model of steam turbine speed

governor system, but only the simulation was conducted, the

identification work in actual engineering was not performed [7].

Japan's Takashi Hiyama, used neural network model for the

modeling of the steam turbine speed governor system [8],

Using this method, Ai Qian studied the dynamic characteristics

of the main power components [9]. The research on the

validation of simulation model from identification has been

widely carried out in the aero of aerospace and military

weapons simulation [10-11].But the literature on the simulation

validation of the results from parameter identification of steam

turbine is few, generally, the waveform from the simulation

and measured waveform is compared, the results obtained is

rough and is just a qualitative analysis. In [12],it considered the

unit that suffered a certain level of random manual disturbance

and control system errors, the relative average error under

different amplitude of random manual disturbance is equivalent

to relative error under the same basis, this error is used as a

measure for the validation of model parameters from

identification .

978-1-4577-0547-2/12/$31.00 2012 IEEE

Model validation is an essential part of the parameter

identification, it needs to validate from several aspects, the

literature mentioned above evaluates and validates the

simulation error and identification results just by a certain

mathematical formula ,which to some extent, is not

comprehensive enough.

The research on the parameter identification of the steam

turbine speed governor system has been rather broad in the

current literature, but mostly are theoretical research, practical

use is few. Moreover, lack of systematic research on

engineering applications, such as the field test of parameter

identification of steam turbine speed governor system and the

verification of the identification results is few. Therefore, the

study on the steam turbine dynamic model parameter

identification method for engineering applications has broad

prospects.

The contributions of this paper are: 1 summarized the

solution of the key problems in the field static test and dynamic

disturbance test; 2 a variety of data preprocessing algorithms

and parameter identification algorithms are achieved, and a

new method for the simulation verification is proposed; 3 a

software based on MATLAB for the parameter identification of

the steam turbine governor system is developed and applied to

the field test.

II. THE COMMON PROBLEMS IN EXPERIMENT

AND SOLUTIONS

In general, the modeling experiment of steam turbine speed

governor system can be divided to the static test before startup

and the dynamic disturbance test after startup.

The task of static test, at first, is to analyze the principle of

the controller to obtain the control structure and related

parameters, such as varying rates of speed, dead zone, PID

parameters and limitation settings; the second is to obtain the

dynamic characteristics of hydraulic servo, such as the electro-

hydraulic converter module parameters, the valve switching

time, and the inertia time constant of feedback channel of the

valve position. The task of the dynamic test is to verify the

accuracy of the model and obtain the model parameters of the

steam turbine.

A. The common problems in static test and the solutions

1) The common problems on the measurement of valve

switching time and the solutions: there are two main factors

that influence the accuracy of the measurement of the valve

switching time, Firstly the signal amplification exists in

electro-hydraulic converter, and the valve switching time will

be influenced by the controller parameters. The second is that

during the test the valve is easy to enter into the nonlinear

region (such as speed and amplitude limitation during the

valve switching process.) Once inside, the measured time is no

longer the time constant of normal switch. The solution is to

get the electro-hydraulic converter control parameters which

have been good setting before the test, the initial and end

valve position in the test should not be fully open and fully

closed position, and during the disturbance test the large and

the small disturbance test should be divided. During Large

disturbance test its suggested that generally the disturbance>

50%, small disturbance test <"30%, whether enter into the

nonlinear region as the standard, at last take the appropriate

identification method (eg genetic algorithm) to obtain accurate

valve switch time.

2) For the inertia time constant of the valve feedback

channel, because the test is difficult to obtain signals directly

at both ends, you can consider using the valve switch test data

to obtain it through the identification. Meanwhile, it is

generally small; therefore, you can take an empirical value

instead.

B. The common problems in dynamic disturbance test and

the solutions

The main purpose of the dynamic disturbance test is to

measure the inertia time constant of steam volume. During the

dynamic disturbances test there are usually have the following

problems:

1) In order to excite the dynamic characteristics of the unit

which is more obvious, load disturbance test usually requires

the step disturbance test. But in fact for security reasons or

constraints on functional design, the control system is often

difficult to meet the test requirements. In this case, the best

method is to modify the control system configuration, and

apply step disturbance directly on the speed feedback, speed

setting and valve position setting , thus, you can get a good

test data waveform which is conducive to model parameter

identification; However, in the case if it can not modify the

configuration, only a slope disturbance can be applied ,the

only thing we can do is to optimize the identification

algorithm, such as genetic algorithm, PSO algorithm and

fuzzy neural network method for system parameter

identification, However, the reliability of the results of

identification will be affected.

2) During the load disturbance test, the pressure signal is

usually taken from the DCS cabinet, rather than direct

measurements from the scene. Therefore, it should pay special

attention weather the signal is in real time when taking the

signal from the DCS system. For the best, the signal is

introduced from the external point directly to the data

acquisition system. If there are no corresponding connection

positions, we may consider setting up a temporary connection

point, changing the sampling frequency of DCS or adding

measurement points in the field directly.

3) The control parameters of the load controller have a big

affect on the dynamic characteristics of the unit under the

closed-loop power control, especially the PID parameters. If

the parameters provided by the manufacturer do not reflect the

actual setting of the control parameters, the simulation results

will produce a greater error when compared with the actual

output of the system. Once this happens, you should make the

calculation to check the control parameters in order to obtain

more accurate controller parameters. We can check the PID

parameters through the closed-loop step disturbance test, its

suggested to take the PSO algorithm or genetic algorithm to

validate the parameters. The validation of speed

transformation time, varying rate of speed, dead zone of

primary control can be combined with the primary control test.

III. DATA PREPROCESSING OF THE FIELD TEST

DATA

Governor system, the collected data from the field test is

very complex and cannot be directly used for the parameter

identification, the data pretreatment is needed. From the

engineering application point of view of steam turbine speed

governor system parameter identification, the data

preprocessing includes data filtering, making data in per unit,

and data normalization.

A. Data filtering

The studies have found that using Butterworth digital low-

pass filter to smooth the field test data and remove the

unwanted noise at certain frequencies can effectively reduce

the impact of noise on parameter identification, based on the

characteristics of the speed governor system model and

sampling time, combined with the practical needs to set pass-

band cutoff frequency Wp, stop-band cutoff frequency Ws and

the time period that requires filtering, then the field data can be

filtered.

B. Data in per unit

Making data in per unit is to convert the field test data with

corresponding units to dimensionless data which meet the

requirements of parameter identification of the steam turbine

speed governor system, the formula of conversion is as

follows:

e

x

i x

i X

) (

) ( = (1)

Where, X(i) is the dimensionless data; x(i) is the field test

data ; xe is the reference value corresponding to the field test

data .

C. Data normalization

Data normalization is to convert the field test data with

corresponding units to dimensionless data ranged from 0 to 1,

reduce the effect of certain singular data to the parameter

identification process. The formula of conversion is as follows:

min max

min

) ( ) (

) ( ) (

) (

i x i x

i x i x

i x

= (2)

Where x(i) is the field test data; x(i)max is the maximum

value of the field test data; x(i)min is the minimum value of the

field test data.

IV. RESEARCH ON THE PARAMETER

IDENTIFICATION ALGORITHMS FOR SPEED

GOVERNOR SYSTEM

Parameter identification is to set the error criterion function

J and compare the actual output yr and model output ym under

the same excitation signal, and get the error signal e, based on

the error criterion function J and identification algorithms the

model parameters are modified until the error criterion function

J becomes minimum, then the model parameters is considered

to be the system parameters to be identified.

The steam turbine speed governor system has both linear

part and nonlinear part, we selected four parameter

identification algorithms - least squares algorithm, genetic

algorithm, neural network identification algorithm and particle

swarm optimization algorithm. Among them, the least squares

algorithm and genetic algorithm have been applied to

parameter identification in practical engineering, are relatively

mature, the basic principle of the algorithms wouldnt be

studied in this paper. This paper focuses on the parameter

identification using particle swarm optimization algorithm.

PSO is a relatively new global stochastic optimization

algorithm; the mathematical description of the standard

algorithm is as follows:

Set the number of particles in the M-dimensional search

space is N, the position of the ith particle is represented as

vector ) ,... , (

2 1 in i i i

x x x x , the velocity of the ith particle is

represented as vector ) ,... , (

2 1 in i i i

v v v v , for each particle by

calculating and evaluating the value of the fitness function we

can get the optimal position each particle has experienced

which is denoted as ) ,... , (

2 1 in i i i

p p p p and the best position

denoted by ) ,... , (

2 1 in i i i

pg pg pg pg which is the best

position every particle has experienced . Using the following

formula the particle velocity and position will update from t to t

+1:

) ( * 2 * 2

) ( * 1 * 1

1

t

id gd

t

id id

t

id

t

id

x p rand c

x p rand c wv

+ + =

+

(3)

1 1 + +

+ =

t

id

t

id

t

id

x x (4)

Where, i = 1,2, ..., M; d = 1,2, ..., N; w is inertia weight; c1,

c2 is the accelerating factor; rand1, rand2 are the random

number between [0 1]; after the particle velocity and position

are random initialized, according to equation (3) and

(4),iterative calculations can be made until the stop condition is

meet up.

Although PSO has many advantages, there are also some

drawbacks of the standard particle swarm optimization

algorithm, such as fast convergence at the beginning, but latter

it can easily fall into local extreme which causes slow

convergence, in order to improve the performance and

convergence rate, we use the following methods to modify the

standard particle swarm optimization algorithm:

1) Improvement of the inertia weight :The inertia weight

is used to balance the ability of the local convergence and

global convergence, the smaller the inertia weight is, the

stronger the ability of local convergence is, the greater the

inertia weight is, the stronger the ability of global convergence

is, we use a linear decreasing strategy to set the inertia weight ,

the formula is as follows:

t

t

w w

w t w

=

max

min max

max

) ( (5)

Where

min max

, w w are the preset maximum and minimum

value of the inertia weights respectively, t is the current

number of the iterations,

max

t is the maximum number of the

iterations

It can be seen from the formula, with the increasing of the

number of iterations, the inertia weight gradually decreases

linearly from the maximum weight to a minimum weight, so it

has ensured that at the beginning of the algorithm there is a

strong global convergence capability, and a strong ability of

local convergence at the later stage of the algorithm, therefore

the performance of the algorithm is enhanced.

2) Add the convergence factor :Some scholars put

forward the concept of convergence factor which ensures the

convergence of the algorithm. After the introduction of

convergence factor, the formula (4) becomes the following

form:

1 1 + +

+ =

t

id

t

id

t

id

x x (6)

The value of convergence factor can be chosen based on

experience, or calculated by the following formula:

) 2 1 ( 4 ) 2 1 ( 2 1 2

2

c c c c c c + +

= (7)

Where 2 , 1 c c is the same with that in (3).

3) Add the Simulated Annealing Algorithm:In this paper,

we combined the simulated annealing algorithm and the

particle swarm algorithm to disturb the particle at the global

optimal position, which can enhance the search ability, the idea

is as follow: when a particle is at the global optimal position,

the position of the particle is changed by the following

formula:

rand t x t x

i i

* ) ( ) 1 (

'

+ = + (8)

Where is the amplitude of variation for the particle

position, rand is a random number between [0 1].

Calculate the values of fitness function )] 1 ( [

'

+ t x f

i

and

)] 1 ( [ + t x f

i

corresponding to ) 1 (

'

+ t x

i

and ) 1 ( + t x

i

respectively, compare the two values and update the position of

the particle following formula (9) and (10)

)] 1 ( [ )] 1 ( [

'

+ + = t x f t x f f

i i

(9)

< +

+

= +

) 1 , 1 ( ) , 1 min( ) 1 (

) 1 , 1 ( ) , 1 min( ) 1 (

) 1 (

/

/ '

rand e t x

rand e t x

t x

T f

i

T f

i

i

(10)

Where T

0

is the initial temperature, generally the greater T

0

is, the higher convergence accuracy of simulated annealing

algorithm; t is the current number of iterations.

The basic idea that apply the Particle Swarm Algorithm to

parameter identification of speed governor system is to make

the model parameters to be identified form a particle, based on

the establishment of speed governor system with unknown

parameters, random initialize the particles to get a speed

governor system model randomly, after simulation the model

output and the actual output under the same input conditions

are compared, using the error function and particle swarm

algorithms modify the model parameters until the error

function is minimum ,then the current model parameters are the

parameters to be identified.

These algorithms for parameter identification have their

own characteristics and different scopes of application due to

different structures; Table I lists their respective characteristics

and scope of application:

TABLE I. COMPARISON OF THE PARAMETER IDENTIFICATION

ALGORITHM

Parameter

identification

algorithm

Scopeof

application

Requirements

for the

measurement

points

Robust

Identification

speed

The format of

the results

Least square

Linear

system

High Weak Fast

Transform

Function

Instrumental

variable

Linear

system

High

Not

Strong

enough

Fast

Transform

Function

Neural

network

Linear

system

High Weak Fast

Transform

Function

Genetic

Algorithm

Linear or

nonlinear

system

Not High Strong

Takes

some time

Corresponding

values of

parameters

Particle

swarm

optimization

Linear or

nonlinear

system

Not High Strong

Takes

some time

Corresponding

values of

parameters

As can be seen from Table I, choosing a particular model

parameter identification algorithm according to different

conditions or using several parameter identification algorithms

for the model parameter identification can improve the

efficiency and accuracy.

In order to improve the speed of parameter identification,

some of the parameters used for parameter identification, such

as data sampling time T, model order N in least squares

algorithm and neural network parameter identification

algorithm, population size and evolution generation in genetic

algorithm, population size, the number of iterations and the

inertia weight in particle swarm algorithm, etc. can be pre-set

default values based on experience, and modified or remain

unchanged according to the actual situation in the identification

process.

V. SIMULATION VERIFICATION OF THE MODEL OF SPEED

GOVERNOR SYSTEM

After the speed governor system model parameters are

identified, we need the model verification based on the

parameters identified, namely make use of the field measured

input signal to the simulation model, compare the model output

signal with the field measured output signal to analyze the

reliability and validity of the model identified. It consists of

mainly two aspects the system model and simulation

verification methods, and a practical system simulation

platform is the basis to perform the model verification quickly

and effectively.

The simulation model validation methods are generally

divided into two categories: qualitative and quantitative

methods. Qualitative evaluation methods generally observe the

agreement between the actual output graphics and simulation

output graphics, residual plots and correlation diagram are two

important qualitative graphical analysis method. There are a lot

of quantitative analysis methods, this paper takes the numerical

indicator of curve fitting based on the principle of

mathematical statistics, error energy ratio, dynamic correlation

analysis based on the correlation theory and error evaluation of

step response .

numerical indicator of curve fitting is to measure the

agreement between the actual output curve and simulation

output curve by examining the error between the actual output

and simulation output, and then evaluate its reliability and

validity of the model, it includes the goodness of curve fit,

error limit, the sum of squared residuals, mean absolute error,

mean relative error, mean square error, mean square relative

error, synthetic error. These indicators are relatively simple;

take the goodness of curve fit for example, which based on the

equivalent mean square relative error, the formula is as follows:

% 100 ]

) (

1 [

1

2

=

N

y y

n

i

i i

(11)

Where, is the goodness of curve fitting;

i i

y y

were

measured and simulated output data sequence respectively; N

is total sampling points for the data sequence; is the

disturbance of measured output, =|y

end

-y

start

|, and y

end

is the

mean value of measured output of the last 5 seconds in the time

window of simulation, y

start

is the measured steady-state output

before disturbance.

Error energy ratio reflects the percentage of model

simulation error on actual total disturbance when the system is

suffered a certain degree of disturbance, its to verify the model

in general, the formula is as follows :

=

=

=

N

i

start i

N

i

i i

y y

y y

EE

1

2

1

2

) (

) (

(12)

Dynamic correlation analysis method is to evaluate the

consistency and dynamic correlation base on the geometry

graphics of actual output and simulation output, and validate

the model. TIC coefficient method and the gray correlation

analysis method is the two representative methods [7].

error evaluation methods based on the indicators of step

response evaluate the reliability and effectiveness of the model

by analyzing the indicators of step response curves of

simulation model and actual system, such as step amplitude,

peak time, delay time, regulating time, overshoot, regulation

accuracy (namely relative steady-state error), it is a model

validation method with strong physical meaning. It includes the

direct evaluation of the indicators error and the overall model

quantitative validation method which is combined with

similarly principle.

VI. SOFT DESIGN

Based on the studies above, this paper has developed

software used for the parameter identification and simulation of

steam turbine speed governor system, the functional structure

is shown in Figure 1

According to the functional structure of the software shown

in Figure 1, the software designed the data preprocessing,

parameter identification and system simulation functional

interfaces, taking into account the independence and

association between these functional interfaces, the software

also designed a function selection interface. Figure 2 shows the

parameter identification interface that first provides interface

for the data, models and global parameters, and then integrates

several different types of algorithms such as least squares

algorithm, genetic algorithm, neural network and particle

swarm algorithm, you can select one or several algorithms for

the parameter identification, also you can perform preliminary

simulation analysis for the identification results; Figure 3

shows the platform for system simulation , it provides model

library used for simulation verification, mainly for system

simulation and verification of the simulation results to verify

the validity and reliability of the model.

Figure 1. Functional structure of the software

Figure 2. The interface for parameter identification of speed governor

system

Figure 3. The platform for simulation of speed governor system

VII. THE APPLICATION OF THE SOFTWARE FOR

PARAMETER IDENTIFICATION OF STEAM TURBINE

SPEED GOVERNOR SYSTEM

The software is developed based on the actual needs of

modeling of the steam turbine speed governor system of one

province, and has been used in the actual modeling work. Now

the following is a case.

First based on the system structure of the steam turbine

speed governor system in a power plant, we choose the

standard PSASP model closest to it from the model library, as

shown in Figure 4:

(a) Speed governor (PSASP4)

(b) Electro hydraulic servo model

(c) Steam turbine model

Figure 4. Steam turbine speed governor system model

In the model shown in Figure 4, the parameters need to

identified generally include opening time constant of the

hydraulic servomotor To, the closing time constant Tc of the

hydraulic servomotor, time constant of the steam volume Tch,

time constant of the reheater volume Trh and time constant of

communicating pipe between intermediate pressure and low

pressure cylinders Tco and so on. By the static switch test of

the valve, the open-loop dynamic power disturbance test and

closed loop dynamic power disturbance test, the data used for

parameter identification and simulation is obtained. After the

data preprocessing, it can be used for the parameter

identification. Because the system is nonlinear, we use the

genetic algorithm or particle swarm optimization algorithm for

the parameter identification; the data used for the identification

is the static test data and open-loop dynamic power disturbance

test data. Take the parameter identification using particle

swarm optimization for example, the identification results is

shown in Table II.

TABLE II. IDENTIFICATION RESULTS

Parameters to be identified Identification results

Opening time constant of hydraulic servomotor 6.625

Closing time constant of hydraulic servomotor 0.5289

Time constant of steam volume 1.098

Time constant of reheater volume 10.05

Time constant of communication pipe 0.6024

Based on the identified parameters and the parameters that

obtained from the power plant, the system simulation can be

done on the platform for system simulation in the software, the

verification data is from the close loop dynamic power

disturbance test, the input signal is the load command, output

signal is the mechanical power, the verification results is

shown in Figure 5.

Figure 5. Model verification of the steam turbine speed governor system

It can be seen from Figure 5, the simulation using

parameters provided by the power plant shows slow response,

the simulation results is poor. Further analysis can found that

the problem was mainly due to the unreasonable values of the

PID control parameters provided by the power plant. Therefore,

using the particle swarm optimization algorithm we can check

the parameter values of PID load controller and the electro-

hydraulic converter PID controller, the data used is the rising

part of the closed-loop dynamic power disturbance test data.

Table III lists the results of the identification check.

TABLE III. CHECK RESULTS OF THE PID CONTROLLERS PARAMETERS

Parameters to be checked Check results

Parameters of the

load controller

Proportional coefficient 1.006

Differential coefficient 0

Integral coefficient 1/6.829

Parameters of the

electro hydraulic

servo controller

Proportional coefficient 20.37

Differential coefficient 0

Integral coefficient 1/13.17

Using the system simulation platform of the software, we

can verify the model with the checked model parameters, the

data for verification is the falling part of the close loop

dynamic power disturbance test data. The qualitative analysis

result is shown in Figure 6.

(a) residual plot (b) correlation diagram

Figure 6. The qualitative results of the verification of the speed governor

system model

Because the output in the field test is not the step response,

the quantitative analysis method based on the indicators of step

response is not used in this paper. Other quantitative analysis

results are shown in Table IV.

TABLE IV. QUANTITATIVE ANALYSIS FOR THE VERIFICATION OF THE

SPEED GOVERNOR SYSTEM MODEL IDENTIFIED

Indicators for quantitative analysis Value

Goodness of the curve fitting(%) 98.6988

Maximum error limit [1 2](%) [-3.763.147]

Residual sum of squares RSS 11.5621

Mean square error MSE 0.012976

Mean absolute error MAE 0.010416

Mean square relative error MSRE 0.013012

Average relative error ARE 0.010445

Comprehensive error CE [0.0116960.011728]

Error energy ratio EE 0.00033231

TIC coefficient 0.0091319

grey relational grade

0.71918

The results shown in Figure 6 and Table IV prove that the

unknown parameters in the model can be identified accurately

by using the software for parameter identification of steam

turbine speed governor system, and then the steam turbine

governor system model with accurate parameters is obtained..

VIII. CONCLUSION

In this paper, the software is developed based on the actual

needs for modeling the steam turbine speed governor system of

one province in China. The result has shown that the software

is user-friendly, easy to use, with advanced algorithms, and can

get the accurate model of the steam turbine governor system.

Compared to other software, the software has the following

characteristics:

1) The software integrates the data preprocessing,

parameter identification and validation in one simulation

platform, its fully functional;

2) The software provides a variety of parameter

identification algorithms including the Particle Swarm

Optimization algorithm, and can identify the model

parameters in linear part and nonlinear part of the steam

turbine governor system quickly and efficiently;

3) The software offers a variety of qualitative and

quantitative analysis methods for simulation verification, the

simulation verification analysis can be more comprehensively;

4) The software has strong expansibility for application,

not only for the parameter identification of steam turbine

governor system; other control systems can also be identified.

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

This research was supported by the NSFC (National

Natural Science Foundation of China). Project No. 50975105.

REFERENCES

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