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LUBRIZOL TEST PROCEDURE

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Test Procedure 42
Edition: November 22, 2002

Brookfield Viscosity

Scope:
This test is intended for the evaluation of viscosity
of specialty silcones and Guerbet derivatives.

Abstract:
The molecules of a liquid exert an attraction for one
another. There is within the liquid a resistance to
the movement of the molecules. This resistance is
expressed in terms of viscosity, which is measured
using the appropriate apparatus.

Safety Precautions:
Proper personal protective equipment should be
worn during transfer of materials so that injury due
to spillage is avoided.

Apparatus:
1. A proper viscometer. Brookfield viscometer, if
specified: Model LV, RV HA or HB with the
appropriate spindles. A Wells-Brookfield Cone/
Plate viscometer, if specified, with the
appropriate cones. A Helipath stand, if needed.
2. Constant temperature water bath, maintained at
250.2C.
3. A 600-mL beaker, or specified container, or any
container sufficiently large to avoid wall effects.

Procedure:
1. Place the sample into the 25C bath and allow it
to equilibrate to temperature. The sample must
be in the bath until its temperature is 251.0C.
2. Make sure the viscometer is level.
3. For Brookfield viscometers:
a. Attach the appropriate spindle (noted on the
specification sheet) to the viscometer,
immerse the spindle into the sample so that
its annular groove is at the surface level of
the sample and be sure that the spindle is in
the center of the container opening. NOTE:
Be careful to avoid trapping air bubbles
under the spindle disk.
b. Allow the spindle to rotate as specified on
the specification sheet (i.e. at the proper
speed and for the proper time interval),
engage the clutch, stop the motor and note
the dial reading.
c. Calculate the viscosity using the appropriate
spindle factor. (See Viscometer manual).
For Brookfield viscometers with Helipath
Stands:
a. Attach the bar spindle specified in the
specification sheet to the model viscometer
specified in the specification sheet.
b. Attach the viscometer to the Helipath Stand.
c. Adjust the height so that the top of the bar is
0.25 0.06 inch below the surface of the
sample.
d. Adjust the stroke so that the top of the bar
will be 1.25 0.06 inch below the surface of
the sample at the bottom of the stroke. The
bottom of the bar should be about 0.75 inch
above the bottom of the container.
e. Start the motor.
f. Record the dial reading at uniform intervals,
e.g. every one or two revolutions.
g. Determine the average of all the readings.
h. Use the average and the factor given for the
model, spindle and speed to calculate the
viscosity. Report the viscosity, model,
spindle and speed.
Formerly Test Procedure #015
Edition: April 18, 2002
Lubrizol Test Procedure TP-42
Brookfield Viscosity
Page 2 of 2



For Wells-Brookfield Cone/Plate viscometers:
a. Enter required parameters into the digital
viscometer.
b. Adjust the position of the sample cup in
relation to the cone as specified by the
manufacturer to maintain the required
clearance.
c. Remove cup and add 0.60.1mL sample to
the center of the cup in such a manner that
all air bubbles are excluded from the
material.
d. Replace cup and allow temperature to
equilibrate at 250.1C.
e. Start the motor at the speed specified on
the specification sheet.
f. Read digital readout between 45 and 60s.
g. Stop motor and remove cup. Do not remove
spindle.
h. Clean spindle and cup carefully with a paper
towel while holding the spindle stationary
with the supplied wrench.
i. Report the viscosity, model, cone and
speed.

Calculations:
Brookfield viscosity (mPas) =dial reading x factor
Ex). Using the RV#2 spindle @ 20 rpm
Dial reading =22.5 and the factor =20
Brookfield viscosity =22..5 x 20 =450 mPas.

Viscosity (cSt) =Brookfield viscosity (mPas)
Sample Density (g/cc)
Ex). Brookfield viscosity =100 mPas
Sample density =0.96 g/cc
Viscosity =100 / 0.96 =104.2 cSt

Special Instructions:
1. Viscous samples may necessitate
changing to a higher spindle number. Less
viscous samples may necessitate changing
to a lower spindle number. In either case
the dial readings should be between 20
and 80 for the most accurate results.
2. Insert the spindle into the sample at an
angle to avoid entrapping air bubbles
under the spindle disk. If excessive
bubbles are found in the sample, it may be
necessary to place the sample jar into a
sonic bath to eliminate the bubbles.
3. Never clean the spindle while it is attached
to the viscometer. Twisting the spindle
while still attached to the viscometer can
seriously damage the viscometer
mechanism.
4. The viscometer should be standardized at
least once every six months using either
primary or secondary standard fluids.