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ATPL G Meteorology Jan 2014

Vishwas; Centre: HYD



1. Hydroplaning occurs most when,
a. When rudder used and nose wheel is not made to touch down early in the landing run.
b. On standing water, slush, high speed, smooth runway.
c. On any wet runway, brakes are not applied unless a wedge of water is formed ahead of
the tyre.
2. Air cooled to temperature where saturation occurs. Dew point.
3. Air mass in constant pressure and temperature moist air has less density or dry air.
4. Tropopause. -Max height for cloud development.
5. Tropause is highest. -Over equator and high temperature.
6. Stability of air is determined by. -Ambient lapse rate.
7. 500hpa equates to. -18,500ft.
8. Indication of warm front approaching. -Lowering cloud base.
9. Jetsreams will be found in. Significant wx chart or upper air chart.
10. TAF
11. METAR
12. Coriolis force in SH. causes air to move clockwise around a low.
13. Difference between low depression and tropical cyclone is. Pressure or wind.
14. Most TRS form in.
a. US, mexico, south America.
b. India, srilanka, mynamar.
c. Japan Korea.
15. C and F coincide at. - -273K.
16. Radiation fog conditions.
17. Cyclone in bay of Bengal in. SW monsoon and post monsoon.
18. Which wind blows down surface and is warm and dry.
a. Valley wind.
b. Katabatic wind.
c. Land breeze.
19. Stable air characteristics. Rises, slows down and dissipates.
20. How does mature stage of TS initiated. onset of precipitation.
21. In geostropic wind. coriolis force is balanced by PGF.
22. Gust front is formed due to.
a. Cool air downflow below TS.
b. Below TS.
23. Regarding SPECI which is not true. is issued when viz changes to 800m.
24. What standing clouds are formed due to mountain waves? standing lenticular.
25. What is observed when climbing or descending in an inversion or windshear. increase in
ROC and decrease in ROD.
26. Flying in severe turbulence. maintain level attitude.
27. You encounter CAT what would you do?
a. Descend.
b. Climb.
28. Jetstream velocity is increased in. -Tropopause height change towards the cold polar front.
29. Jet streams are formed due to. Temperature.
30. Cs is. High cloud.
31. You are flying from London to Mumbai what would you most probably expect between 30E
and 50E.
a. STJ.
b. Winds light and variable about 30kts.
c. Easterly winds.
32. When Flying in haze it is not easy to spot terrain and aircraft.
a. Eyes focus at infinity hence not possible.
b. Eyes het worked up so a/cs relative mtion is not determined.
33. Rotor clouds form ahead of TS in which stage? Mature.
34. Frontolysis is.
35. Secondary depressions move.
a. With primary depression in cyclonic motion.
b. Eastwards.
c. Westwards.
36. Two wings one thick and thin, which will have more supercooled water icing? same.
37. Slope of warm front. 1:150.
38. Severe icing occurs in what temp range?
39. Clear icing occurs in what temp range?
40. Surface temp is -5C, freezing level is 3000, rain from 4000 icing occurs in.
a. Below 3000
b. 3000-4000.
41. In a warm front freezing level is 2000 in cold and 10,000 in warm, least icing occurs in.
a. 9000
b. 5000
c. 12000
42. Which windshear is worst.
a. Perpendicular to a/c longitudinal axis from vertical.
b. Perpendicular to a/c longitudinal xis from horizontal.
c. Along flight path.
43. WD affect which parts of India. NW and NE.
44. Polar front Jet occurs due to. Temperature.
45. METAR
46. Thermal low is. low pressure where temp high.
47. Flying in rain ice you would avoid it by.
a. Climbing.
b. Descending.
c. Maintaining level.