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Designed :

Project :
Date : 9/18/2014
Component: Structural Design of 450mm Drain
Page : DE3-1
Ts Ts
W
H
Tw
1.0 DESIGN PARAMETERS
1.1 Drain Dimension
Drain Height, H = 1.80 m
Drain Width, W = 0.45 m
Base Thickness, Tw = 0.30 m
Wall Thickness, Ts = 0.30 m
1.2 Soil Parameters
Soil Density, Ds = 24.34 KN/m3
Angle of Internal Friction, a = 30.00
1.3 Concrete and Reinforcement
Concrete Density, Dc = 24.00 KN/m3
Concrete Grade, fcu = 25.00 N/mm2
Steel Fabric Yield Stress, fy = 460.00 N/mm2
1.4 Surcharge
Traffic Loading, Lt = 20.00 KN/m2
Proposed Astana 132kV, Sejingkat 132kV Substation
Extension & Astana-Sejingkat 132kV Underground Cable
Line Route Consultancy Services
PLS-120064(CS1)
Designed :
Project :
Date : 9/18/2014
Component: Structural Design of 450mm Drain
Page : DE3-2
2.0 LATERAL EARTH PRESSURE COEFFICIENT
Ce = (1 - sin a )/(1 + sin a) = 0.33
3.0 ANALYSIS
Fs
Fe
Pe Ps
3.1 Lateral Earth Pressure exerted by Soil
Pe = (H + Tw/2) * Ds * Ce = 15.82 KN/m
Ultimate Earth Pressure, Peu = 1.4 * Pe = 22.15 KN/m
Fe = Peu * (H + Tw/2)/2 = 21.60 KN
3.2 Lateral Earth Pressure exerted by Surcharge (Traffic)
Ps = Ce * Lt = 6.67 KN/m
Ultimate Surcharge Pressure, Psu = 1.4 * Ps = 9.34 KN/m
Fs = Psu * (H + Tw/2) = 18.20 KN
3.3 Ultimate Moment
Ultimate Moment, Mu = Fe*(H + Tw/2)/3
+ Fs*(H + Tw/2)/2 = 31.79 KNm
Proposed Astana 132kV, Sejingkat 132kV Substation
Extension & Astana-Sejingkat 132kV Underground Cable
Line Route Consultancy Services
PLS-120064(CS1)
Designed :
Project :
Date : 9/18/2014
Component: Structural Design of 450mm Drain
Page : DE3-3
4.0 STRUCTURAL DESIGN
4.1 Design for maximum bending moment = 31.79 KNm
Concrete Thickness, Tc = 300.00 mm
Concrete Cover, Cc = 30.00 mm
Assumed Re bar diameter, Rb = 20.00 mm
Effective Depth, d = Tc-Cc-Rb/2 = 260.00 mm
Width of Section (assumed to be 1 m strip),b = 1000.00 mm
M/(b*d^2*fcu) = 0.019
M/(b*d^2*fcu) 0.042 < 0.05 0.075 0.10 0.15
z/d 0.95 0.94 0.92 0.88 0.787
Based on the above table, z = 0.95 d
Ast = M/(0.87*fy*z) = 321.59 mm2/m
Minimum steel requirement = 0.13bd/100 = 338.00 mm2/m
Bar Size Spacing Of Bars
100 125 150 200 225 250
6 283 226 189 142 126 113
7 385 308 257 192 171 154
8 503 402 335 252 223 201
10 785 628 523 393 349 314
12 1130 905 754 566 503 452
16 2010 1610 1340 1010 894 804
20 3140 2510 2090 1570 1396 1260
25 4910 3930 3270 2450 2182 1960
Based on the above table, adopt T12-250 c/c as main reinforcement
As = 338.00 mm2/m
Proposed Astana 132kV, Sejingkat 132kV Substation
Extension & Astana-Sejingkat 132kV Underground Cable
Line Route Consultancy Services
PLS-120064(CS1)
Designed :
Project :
Date : 9/18/2014
Component: Structural Design of 450mm Drain
Page : DE3-4
4.2 Check For Shear
Total Ultimate Shear Force, Fv = Fe + Fs = 39.80 KN
Shear Stress at base, V = Fv/(b * d ) = 0.15 N/mm2
Design Shear Stress
Vc = 0.79*((100*As/(b*d))^1/3*(400/d)^1/4 = 0.36 N/mm2
1.25
Vc > V Design shear stress is satisfactory
Proposed Astana 132kV, Sejingkat 132kV Substation
Extension & Astana-Sejingkat 132kV Underground Cable
Line Route Consultancy Services
PLS-120064(CS1)
Designed :
Project :
Date : 9/18/2014
Component: Structural Design of RC Cable Trench Walls
Page : DE3-1
Ts Ts
W
H
Tw
1.0 DESIGN PARAMETERS
1.1 Drain Dimension
Drain Height, H = 2.00 m
Drain Width, W = 1.80 m
Base Thickness, Tw = 0.30 m
Wall Thickness, Ts = 0.30 m
1.2 Soil Parameters
Soil Density, Ds = 24.34 KN/m3
Angle of Internal Friction, a = 30.00
1.3 Concrete and Reinforcement
Concrete Density, Dc = 24.00 KN/m3
Concrete Grade, fcu = 25.00 N/mm2
Steel Fabric Yield Stress, fy = 410.00 N/mm2
1.4 Surcharge
Traffic Loading, Lt = 10.00 KN/m2
Proposed Astana 132kV, Sejingkat 132kV Substation
Extension & Astana-Sejingkat 132kV Underground Cable
Line Route Consultancy Services
PLS-120064(CS1)
Designed :
Project :
Date : 9/18/2014
Component: Structural Design of RC Cable Trench Walls
Page : DE3-2
2.0 LATERAL EARTH PRESSURE COEFFICIENT
Ce = (1 - sin a )/(1 + sin a) = 0.33
3.0 ANALYSIS
Fs
Fe
Pe Ps
3.1 Lateral Earth Pressure exerted by Soil
Pe = (H + Tw/2) * Ds * Ce = 17.45 KN/m
Ultimate Earth Pressure, Peu = 1.4 * Pe = 24.43 KN/m
Fe = Peu * (H + Tw/2)/2 = 26.26 KN
3.2 Lateral Earth Pressure exerted by Surcharge (Traffic)
Ps = Ce * Lt = 3.33 KN/m
Ultimate Surcharge Pressure, Psu = 1.4 * Ps = 4.67 KN/m
Fs = Psu * (H + Tw/2) = 10.04 KN
Water Pressure = 20.00 KN/m
3.3 Ultimate Moment
Ultimate Moment, Mu = Fe*(H + Tw/2)/3
+ Fs*(H + Tw/2)/2 = 69.61 KNm
Proposed Astana 132kV, Sejingkat 132kV Substation
Extension & Astana-Sejingkat 132kV Underground Cable
Line Route Consultancy Services
PLS-120064(CS1)
Designed :
Project :
Date : 9/18/2014
Component: Structural Design of RC Cable Trench Walls
Page : DE3-3
4.0 STRUCTURAL DESIGN
4.1 Design for maximum bending moment = 69.61 KNm
Concrete Thickness, Tc = 300.00 mm
Concrete Cover, Cc = 30.00 mm
Assumed Re bar diameter, Rb = 20.00 mm
Effective Depth, d = Tc-Cc-Rb/2 = 260.00 mm
Width of Section (assumed to be 1 m strip),b = 1000.00 mm
M/(b*d^2*fcu) = 0.041
M/(b*d^2*fcu) 0.042 < 0.05 0.075 0.10 0.15
z/d 0.95 0.94 0.92 0.88 0.787
Based on the above table, z = 0.95 d
Ast = M/(0.87*fy*z) = 790.05 mm2/m
Minimum steel requirement = 0.13bd/100 = 338.00 mm2/m
Bar Size Spacing Of Bars
100 125 150 200 225 250
6 283 226 189 142 126 113
7 385 308 257 192 171 154
8 503 402 335 252 223 201
10 785 628 523 393 349 314
12 1130 905 754 566 503 452
16 2010 1610 1340 1010 894 804
20 3140 2510 2090 1570 1396 1260
25 4910 3930 3270 2450 2182 1960
Based on the above table, adopt T16-250 c/c as main reinforcement
As = 804.00 mm2/m
Use
Proposed Astana 132kV, Sejingkat 132kV Substation
Extension & Astana-Sejingkat 132kV Underground Cable
Line Route Consultancy Services
PLS-120064(CS1)
Designed :
Project :
Date : 9/18/2014
Component: Structural Design of RC Cable Trench Walls
Page : DE3-4
4.2 Check For Shear
Total Ultimate Shear Force, Fv = Fe + Fs = 36.29 KN
Shear Stress at base, V = Fv/(b * d ) = 0.14 N/mm2
Design Shear Stress
Vc = 0.79*((100*As/(b*d))^1/3*(400/d)^1/4 = 0.48 N/mm2
1.25
Vc > V Design shear stress is satisfactory
Design for foundation
Cross Section Area of drain = 1.74
Weight of drain = 41.76 4256.88073
Proposed Astana 132kV, Sejingkat 132kV Substation
Extension & Astana-Sejingkat 132kV Underground Cable
Line Route Consultancy Services
PLS-120064(CS1)