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Chapter I

1.1 Introduction
The primary function of the Philippine National Police is to serve and protect the
community. Their mission is to enforce the law, to prevent and control crimes, to maintain peace
and order, and to ensure public safety and internal security with the active support of the
community.
The province of Cavite is divided into 7 district and composed of 6 cities and 17
municipalities. Imus City is now considered as the Capital of the Province and Trece artires
City seat as Provincial !overnment of Cavite.
Cavite Police Provincial "ffice implemented the P#T$"% P%#N &'(' of the
"r)ani*ation and widely disseminated the best practices in the cities and municipalities +Police
,ead-uarters. to maintain peace and order, and to prevent crimes.
/ased on the N0" &'1' records, Imus City is 1nown as the first class city composed of
27 baran)ays with a )rowth population of &31,74' and had a )rowth rate of &.1'5 per annum.
1.2 Statement of the Problem
1. 6hat are the practices on the selected Police 0tations towards crime prevention7
&. 6hat is the level of effectiveness of the practices on the selected Police 0tations towards
Crime prevention7
(. Is there any si)nificant difference of the practices on the level of effectiveness on the
selected Police 0tations towards crime prevention7
1.3 Theoretical/Conceptual Framework
8i)ure 1 provided a conceptual model showin) the relationships of the practices implemented by
the Police Provincial office and the level of effectiveness towards crime prevention.
Practices
Towards crime
Prevention
Community relation
Police
omnipresence
Crime
prevention
Figure 1. The Practices Implemented in Imus City of Cavite
The first bo9 represented the Practices implemented by the Police Provincial "ffice.
These practices implemented to unicipal and City Police 0tation of Cavite based on the PNP
Patrol &'(' :ashboard. The final sta)e of practices implemented will result into crime
prevention.
1.4 !pothe"i"
a# There is signifcant relationship between the practices on the selected
Police Stations towards crime prevention.
1.$ %b&ecti'e" of the Stud!
The general objective of the study is to determine the level of
efectiveness of the implemented practices in diferent Municipalities Police
station. It further aims to
!. "etermine the practices on the Imus Police Stations implemented by
the Police Provincial #$ce towards crime prevention.
%. "etermine the level of efectiveness of the practices on the Imus
Municipal Police Stations implemented by the Police Provincial "ffice towards
crime prevention.
&. "etermine the signifcant diference on level of efectiveness of the
practices on the Imus Police Stations implemented by the Police
Provincial #$ce towards crime prevention.
1.( Si)nificance of the Stud!
The si)nificance of our study is to identify the best practices towards crime prevention and to
determine the level of effectiveness of the practices implemented by the Police Provincial "ffice. This
will benefit the student, community, /ity;/aran)ay "fficials, Police Personnel;officer <and the Philippine
National Police "r)ani*ation. This study is useful to the Police Personnel "fficers so that they will
identify what are the factors that effect on the implementation of the practices.
Scope and *imitation of the "tud!
This study has to determine the level of effectiveness of the practices on the selected unicipal
Police 0tations implemented by the Police Provincial "ffice towards crime prevention.
This study is limited only to the selected unicipal Police 0tation in Cavite. The participants are
the Police Personnel and the Police "fficers which is under the =urisdiction of the selected unicipal
Police 0tation.
1.+ ,efinition of Term"
Crime pre'ention
Practice"
Police-
Patrol 2.3.-
Chapter II
/elated Forei)n Studie"
!ood police practices, must conduct thorou)h trainin), reviewed policies and appropriate
allocation of resources in law enforcement can ensure public safety and prevent abuses in encounters
between police officers and citi*ens. +#clu.&'1'.
#s the best practices, police manual clearly state the use of force if necessary, police should>
e9ercise the utmost restraint? minimi*e dama)e and in=ury? ensure assistance and medical aid are rendered
at the earliest possible opportunity? and sub=ect to privacy considerations, ensure relatives or close friends
of the in=ured person are notified as soon as possible +@mily ,owie, et. al, &'11..
#s the best practice performance evaluations is re-uired to enhance an officerAs, ability to
improve, to )row professionally, and to document s1ills;abilities that allow for future professional )rowth.
The structure of Bbest practicesA in place, all officers asCwellCas the community share a sense of
confidence in 1nowin) that each officer has demonstrated competence with the weapons, laws, and tools
at his; her disposal +:ic1inson Police :epartment, &'1(..
#ccordin) to the study adurai Institute of social 0ciences on D#wareness of crime preventionE
sate that every $esident must play a role to ensure peace in the society.
#ccordin) to Fohn "ANeil of National crime Prevention +122G. must reduce the opportunity of
the criminal to commit crimes. Police a)encies have measured their performance a)ainst a very restricted
set of crime, focused indicators, such as crime rates, arrest and response times. Police officers must be
prepared to ta1e a wide variety of roles, from problemCsolver to counselor and provider. Police
departments also benefit from measurin) performance? the results can help officials monitor department
operations, Comparin) performance across police a)encies shows how well local a)encies are performin)
relative to similar a)encies. # $#N: study identified police best practices $obert C. :avis + &'1&..
The National $esearch Council Committee Police Policy and Practices published a &''4,
devotin) a chapter to police strate)ies to reduce crime, disorder, and fear of crime. +6eisburd H @c1,
&''4.. I
The effectiveness of focused police efforts to prevent crime used pro)ram suitable police
enforcement efforts included traditional tactics such as directed patrol and hei)htened levels of
traffic enforcement. Fohn 8. Jennedy +K.0..
The primary function of the Philippine National Police is to serve and protect the
community. Their mission is to enforce the law, to prevent and control crimes, to maintain peace
and order, and to ensure public safety and internal security with the active support of the
community.
The best practices that contributed to reduce crime rate in &'11, the police officers are
involved in environmental and social development efforts of the city )overnment and other
entities. In partnership with %!K, handheld radios were provided for communication and
response in emer)ency situations. To affect positive chan)es in the society by motivatin) and
inspirin) others to do functions 'towards the )ood of the people +PI#, Fuly &'1&..
The current antiCcriminality efforts of tie or)ani*ation are contained in the PNP P#T$"%
L%#N &'(' which provides direction and focus on use core functions of the PNP which are
crime prevention and public safety? and Mthe crime prevention pro)rams as focused on police
presence, intensified law enforcement operations and police community relationship.
Cavite Police Provincial "ffice implemented the P#T$"% P%#N &'(' of the
"r)ani*ation and widely disseminated the best practices in the cities and municipalities +Police
,ead-uarters. to maintain peace and order, and to prevent crimes.
2thNational Convention on 0tatistics +NC0. @:0# +&''4. Crime Prevention Campai)n
and %eadership 0tyles of !eneral 0antos City Police Precinct Chief accordin) to them that police
practices must do in each station so that the effectiveness of police is always visible to the
community.
The PNP continuously implemented %"I 6(;&'1' DPolice Inte)rated Patrol 0ystem
+PIP0.E dated November &7, &'1', directin) all PNP units to enhance crime prevention and
solution. The %"I calls for the pursuit and intensification of police presence +foot and mobile
patrols., antiCcriminality and police security operations. Knder this pro)ram all PNP Police
station must had made their patrollin) system.
0ethodolo)!
This chapter discussed the research desi)n, respondents of the study, samplin) techni-ue,
research instrument, data )atherin) procedure and statistical instrument that will be used in the
study.
/e"earch ,e"i)n
The researchers will use descriptive method that involves collection of data, )atherin) of
information and in order to test the hypothesis to answer the -uestions concernin) the status of
the study +Calderon and !on*ales, 122(.. /ased on the definition, this study described and
analy*ed the level of effectiveness of the practices implemented by the Cavite Police Provincial
"ffice in selected unicipal and City Police 0tations.
Source" of ,ata
The study selectee the fifteen +1G. unicipal and City Police 0tations were the Police
Personnel and Police "fficer as the participants.
,ata1 2atherin) Procedure
The researchers write a re-uest letter address to Provincial :irector for the approval of
data re)ardin) the practices implemented by tie Cavite Police Provincial "ffice. Then, a letter
address to City Police 0tations to have permission to conduct the study and disseminate survey
-uestionnaires based on the practices implemented by the Cavite Police Provincial "ffice.
3.4 /e"earch In"trument
3.$ ,ata 3nal!"i"
3.( Stati"tical Treatment of ,ata