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PART 3

8
SPM 2007 Question no. 1
1(b)(i) : Able to give any three things correctly that
must be kept constant.
Sample answer:
1. volume of water
2. polystyrene cups
3. thermometers
4. mass of sodium hydroxide
5. reject: amount, quantity
6. size of cups
7. sodium hydroxide and water
CHEMI STRY PAPER 3 4541/3
Tips to write a good report:
PART 3
9
SPM 2007 Question no. 1
1(b)(ii) :Able to state the hypothesis accurately
Sample answer:
1. The reaction between sodium hydroxide and
water is an exothermic / endothermic reaction.
2. The reaction between NaOH and water results
in increase/decrease in temperature.
3. When NaOH dissolves/added in water, it
increases/decreases in temperature/released
heat/absorbed heat
Tips to write a good report:
CHEMI STRY PAPER 3 4541/3
PART 3
10
SPM 2007 Question no. 1
1(c)(i) :Able to state;
Dropped/decreased 4
o
C // - 4
o
C // 29 25
o
C
Able to state two correct reasons;
Sample answer:
1. Heat/energy is absorbed // Endothermic reaction
2. The energy in product is more than the energy in
reactants
3. The heat/energy absorbed during bond breaking
is greater than the heat/energy released during
the bond making.
CHEMI STRY PAPER 3 4541/3
Tips to write a good report:
PART 3
11
SPM 2007 Question no. 1
1(c)(ii) : Able to give the operational definition accurately
by stating the following three information.
- The temperature decreases // The
temperature goes down/dropped
- Endothermic reaction
- Heat/energy absorbed
Sample answer:
The decrease in temperature shows that
endothermic reaction happens where
heat/energy is absorbed from the
surroundings
CHEMI STRY PAPER 3 4541/3
Tips to write a good report:
PART 3
12
SPM 2007 Question no. 1
1(d) : Able to predict the three temperature readings
correctly.
Sample answer:
1. Sulphuric acid 37
o
C
2. Nitric acid 32
o
C
3. Ethanoic acid 28 31
o
C
CHEMI STRY PAPER 3 4541/3
Tips to write a good report:
PART 3
13
SPM 2007 Question no. 1
1(e)(i) : Able to state three correct observations.
Sample answer:
1. Final temperature is lower than the initial
temperature. // The temperature
decreases // Level of mercury decreases //
thermometer reading decreases.
2. Bubbles are release // effervescence.
3. The volume of the solution is greater/
increases // level of solution increases/
higher.
CHEMI STRY PAPER 3 4541/3
Tips to write a good report:
PART 3
14
SPM 2007 Question no. 1
1(e)(ii) : Able to make an accurate inference based on the
chemical equations.
Sample answer:
(Endothermic reaction)/heat/energy is
absorbed) when hydrochloric acid/HCl with
sodium hydrogen carbonate/NaHCO
3
to
produce sodium chloride/NaCl, carbon
dioxide/CO
2
and water.
CHEMI STRY PAPER 3 4541/3
Tips to write a good report:
PART 3
15
SPM 2007 Question no. 1
1(e)(iii) : Able to sketch the graph of the change of the
volume of CO
2
gas against time by showing the
following three information;
1. The axes are labeled correctly
2. Correct unit
3. Curve on the graph shows the increase of
volume
CHEMI STRY PAPER 3 4541/3
Tips to write a good report:
PART 3
16
SPM 2007 Question no. 1
Sample answer:
CHEMI STRY PAPER 3 4541/3
Tips to write a good report:
Volume of
CO
2
/ cm
3
Time / minute
PART 3
17
SPM 2007 Question no. 2
Identify the factor that influences the differences in
the voltage.
Plan a laboratory experiment to construct an
electrochemical cell to determine one factor that
influences the differences in the voltage.
CHEMI STRY PAPER 3 4541/3
PART 3
Tips to write a good report:
1. Problem statement: Start with Does ..
Does the position of the two metals in
Electrochemistry Series affect the voltage?
CHEMI STRY PAPER 3 4541/3
SPM 2007 Question no. 2
18
PART 3
Tips to write a good report:
2. Aim: Find Statement from the question
To determine one factor that influences
the differences in the voltage
SPM 2007 Question no. 2
19
CHEMI STRY PAPER 3 4541/3
PART 3
3. Variables : Always given in the question.
Manipulated variable : Pairs of metals
Responding variables: Voltage
Constant variable : Electrolyte /name
CHEMI STRY PAPER 3 4541/3
Tips to write a good report:
SPM 2007 Question no. 2
20
PART 3
4. Hypothesis : Manipulated + responding +
direction
The further the distance of the pair of metals
in the Electrochemical Series, the voltage
become greater.
Tips to write a good report:
SPM 2007 Question no. 2
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CHEMI STRY PAPER 3 4541/3
PART 3
Tips to write a good report:
SPM 2007 Question no. 2
5. Materials and apparatus :
List all the materials and apparatus that
involves,
Aluminium, zinc, copper,
beaker, voltmeter, wires, sand paper, the
copper(II) sulphate solution (any suitable),
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CHEMI STRY PAPER 3 4541/3
PART 3
Name at least three metals below than Ca in
ECS
If use any acid as electrolyte, the molarities is
less than 1.0 mol dm
-3
No need to state the volume and the
concentration of the electrolyte. If you do make
sure it suitable/accurate.
If use K, Na, Ca : score1
If use concentrated/bench/molarity greater
than 1.0 moldm
-3
:score1
Tips:
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CHEMI STRY PAPER 3 4541/3
PART 3
6. Procedures: use simple sentences, passive or
active voice, use keywords, sequence
Key word:
pour, dip, connect, record, repeat, stir,
heated, observe, measure, add, put into,
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Tips to write a good report:
SPM 2007 Question no. 2
CHEMI STRY PAPER 3 4541/3
PART 3
6. Procedures: use simple sentences, passive or
active voice, use keywords, sequence
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CHEMI STRY PAPER 3 4541/3
Not Suggested Answers:
PART 3
Suggested Answers:
1. Pour the copper sulphate into a beaker.
2. Clean aluminium and copper with sand
paper.
3. Dip aluminium and copper into the solution.
4. Connect it to the voltmeter // complete the
circuit.
5. Record the voltmeter reading.
6. Repeat steps 1-5 / experiment by substituting
aluminium with zinc / one metal for another.
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CHEMI STRY PAPER 3 4541/3
PART 3
Tips to write a good report:
SPM 2007 Question no. 2
Pairs of metal Voltage (V)
Aluminium and copper
Zinc and copper
7. Tabulation: heading for manipulated and
responding variables,
units,
Manipulated
Variable
Responding
Variable
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CHEMI STRY PAPER 3 4541/3
HOME
Max: Score 2
PART 3
Past SPM Question Scoring
Scoring SPM Paper 3 2008
28
CHEMI STRY PAPER 3 4541/3
Question No. 1
Question No. 2
[Click button to see the question]
PART 3
29
SPM 2008 Question no. 1
1(a) : Able to state the relationship correctly between
the manipulated variable and the responding
variable.
Sample answer:
Acid coagulated latex while alkali does not
coagulate the latex.
CHEMI STRY PAPER 3 4541/3
Tips to write a good report:
PART 4
30
SPM 2008 Question no. 1
1(b) : Able to state the time taken in Set I and Set II
accurately with correct unit.
Sample answer:
Set I : 5 minutes // 300 second // 0.03 hours
Set II: 360 minutes // 21600 seconds // 6 hours
Tips to write a good report:
CHEMI STRY PAPER 3 4541/3
PART 4
31
SPM 2008 Question no. 1
1(c) : Able to construct a table to record the time
taken for Set I and Set III of experiment that
contains:
1. Correct titles
2. Readings and units
Sample answer:
Tips to write a good report:
CHEMI STRY PAPER 3 4541/3
Set Time taken /minutes
I 5
III 360
Or
Set Time taken
I 5 minutes
III 6 hours
PART 4
32
SPM 2008 Question no. 1
1(d): Able to state all correct observations, one from
each set.
Sample answer:
Set I : 1. Latex coagulates
2. A solid lump is formed
Set II: 1. Latex does not coagulate
2. No change
3. Liquid
Set III: 1. Latex coagulates
2. Solid lump is formed
Tips to write a good report:
CHEMI STRY PAPER 3 4541/3
PART 4
33
SPM 2008 Question no. 1
1(e): Able to state the correct operational definition
for coagulation of latex correctly.
Sample answer:
Latex becomes solid when acid is added //
Latex becomes solid when exposed to air
Tips to write a good report:
CHEMI STRY PAPER 3 4541/3
PART 4
34
SPM 2008 Question no. 1
1(f): Able to state all three variables correctly
Sample answer:
Manipulated variable: Ethanoic acid / Acid ,
Ammonia solution / Alkali
Responding Variable: Coagulate/Does not coagulate//
Time taken for coagulation
Constant Variable: Volume of latex/acid/(ammonia
solution)/alkali//latex//
temperature
Tips to write a good report:
CHEMI STRY PAPER 3 4541/3
PART 4
35
SPM 2008 Question no. 1
1(g)(i) : Able to state the observation correctly
Sample answer:
Latex coagulate //
Latex becomes white //
Latex is solidified
Tips to write a good report:
CHEMI STRY PAPER 3 4541/3
PART 4
36
SPM 2008 Question no. 1
1(g)(ii) : Able to give both explanations correctly
Sample answer:
1. Ammonia is neutralized //
OH- ions reacted with H+ ions
2. Acid / H+ ions neutralized (negative
charged) / (protein membrane)
Tips to write a good report:
CHEMI STRY PAPER 3 4541/3
PART 4
37
SPM 2008 Question no. 1
1(h) : Able to explain the following aspects correctly
1. The presence of bacteria
2. Bacteria produce acid
Sample answer:
Bacteria produce acid / H+ ions.
Tips to write a good report:
CHEMI STRY PAPER 3 4541/3
PART 4
38
SPM 2008 Question no. 1
1(i)(i) :Able to compare correctly by referring to
(time frame) / concentration of H+ ions
Sample answer:
The concentrations /number/amount/quantity
of H+ ions in Set I is higher // [vice versa]
Tips to write a good report:
CHEMI STRY PAPER 3 4541/3
PART 4
39
SPM 2008 Question no. 1
1(i)(ii) :Able to classify all the four substances
correctly
Sample answer:
Tips to write a good report:
CHEMI STRY PAPER 3 4541/3
Can coagulate
latex
Cannot coagulate
latex
Nitric acid
Methanoic acid
Potassium hydroxide
Sodium hydroxide
Home
Total marks: 33
PART 3
40
SPM 2008 Question no. 2
Statement 1
Lithium, Li, moves slowly at random on the surface of the water
with a little fizzing.
The water then turns red litmus paper to blue
Statement 2
Sodium, Na, moves rapidly at random on the surface of the
water with a hissing sound.
The water then turns red litmus paper to blue.
Statement 3
Potassium, K, moves very rapidly at random on the surface of
the water. It ignites with a lilac flame with a pop and a hissing
sound. The water then turns red litmus paper to blue.
Plan a laboratory experiment to investigate the
reactivity of lithium, sodium and potassium with
water.
PART 3
Tips to write a good report:
a. Aim: Find from the question
Sample answer:
To investigate the reactivity of Group 1
elements/lithium, sodium and potassium with
water
CHEMI STRY PAPER 3 4541/3
SPM 2008 Question no. 2
41
Plan a laboratory experiment to investigate the
reactivity of lithium, sodium and potassium with
water.
PART 3
b. Variables : Always given in the question.
Tips to write a good report:
SPM 2008 Question no. 2
Plan a laboratory experiment to investigate the
reactivity of lithium, sodium and potassium with water.
42
Sample answer:
Manipulated Variable: Elements of Group 1
Responding Variable : Reactivity
Constant Variable : Temperature /
size of alkali metal
CHEMI STRY PAPER 3 4541/3
PART 3
Tips to write a good report:
SPM 2008 Question no. 2
c. Hypothesis: Relationship between the
manipulated variable and the
responding variable with direction.
Sample answer:
(The lower/higher position of metal in) / (going
down/up) Group 1, the more reactive is the metal
in reaction with water.
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CHEMI STRY PAPER 3 4541/3
PART 3
Tips to write a good report:
SPM 2008 Question no. 2
d. List of substances and apparatus:
Complete list of substances and apparatus.
Sample answer:
Substances: Lithium, sodium, potassium, water
Apparatus : Water trough/basin/pale/tray/tank,
knife, forceps, filter paper,
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CHEMI STRY PAPER 3 4541/3
PART 3
Tips to write a good report:
SPM 2008 Question no. 2
e. Procedure : List all the steps correctly
Sample answer:
1. Fill the water trough with water
2. Cut piece of lithium using a knife and forceps
3. Dry the lithium using filter paper
4. Place the lithium on the surface of water
5. Record all the changes / observation
6. Repeat (step 1 to 5) / experiment using
sodium and potassium
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CHEMI STRY PAPER 3 4541/3
PART 3
Tips to write a good report:
SPM 2008 Question no. 2
e. Procedure : List all the steps correctly
Sample answer:
1. Fill the water trough with water
2. Cut piece of lithium using a knife and forceps
3. Dry the lithium using filter paper
4. Place the lithium on the surface of water
5. Record all the changes / observation
6. Repeat (step 1 to 5) / experiment using
sodium and potassium
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CHEMI STRY PAPER 3 4541/3
PART 3
Tips to write a good report:
SPM 2008 Question no. 2
e. Tabulation of data:
Tabulate the data with the following aspects
1. Correct titles
2. Complete list of elements
Sample answer:
47
Element Observation/Reactivity
Lithium
Sodium
Potassium
Max: Score 2
Manipulated
Variable
Responding
Variable
HOME
MASTERING PAPER 3 : THE SCORE
Know to SCORE, sure to MASTER Paper 3
PART 3
Thank You
END OF PART 3
49
KAMAL ARI FFI N BI N SAAI M
SMK DATO BENTARA LUAR BATU PAHAT e-
mel : kamal_ariffin2006@yahoo.com
website: http://kemhawk.webs.com/
MASTERING PAPER 3 : THE SCORE
PART 3