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InstructionS :

Please print out this papper and answer .

Collect 16 December 2010.

1. The science that specializes in naming and classifying organisms is __________
A. anatomy
B. Biology
C. botany
D. taxonomy

2. Solely from its name you can tell Rhizopus nigricans must be ____________
A. in the genus Rhizopus
B. in the genus nigricans
C. in the species nigricans
D. in the species Rhizopus
E. an animal

3. A useful classification system __________________________.
A. gives each organism a unique name
B. shows evolutionary relationships
C. uses different scientific names for the same organism
D. changes the taxon of an organism based on new data

4. In classifying organisms, ORDERS are grouped together into _________________.
A. genera
B. phyla
C. families
D. classes

5. The largest and most inclusive of Linnaeuss taxonomic categories is the
A. order
B. kingdom
C. phylum
D. species

6. The study of the evolutionary relationships among organisms is called
A. taxonomy
B. domainology
C. phylogeny
D. binomial nomenclature
Exam Date:

7. A unique trait that is used to construct a cladogram showing evolutionary
relationships between organisms is called a ___________________
A. taxa
B. molecular clocks
C. derived character
D. domains

8. Which of the following tells how to write a scientific name?
A. The genus name is always capitalized.
B. The species name is always capitalized.
C. The genus name is NOT capitalized.
D. The species name is NOT capitalized.
E. Both names are written in italics or underlined.

9. List the 8 levels of organization for living things.

10. What is the system for naming species with two words called?

11. Multicellular, Eukaryotic, Chloroplasts: Based on the listed characteristics, what
kingdom would you place this organism in?

12. Single cellular, Prokaryotic, lives in extreme environments: Based on the listed
characteristics, what kingdom would you place this organism in?

13. Which kingdom has a cell wall made of chitin?

14. What kingdoms use photosynthesis as a means for energy?

15. Label the picture as Animal or Plant.

16. Examples of the skills used in science include ____ and ____.
A. cholera, E. coli outbreaks
B. clues, detectives
C. facts, inferences
D. observations, measurements
17. After scientists analyze the results of their experiments, they ____.
A. form hypotheses
B. include a control
C. communicate those results to other people
D. choose the variables they want to test
18. Which of the following steps to solve a problem must be completed first?
A. analyzing data
B. recognizing and identifying the problem
C. forming a hypothesis
D. testing a hypothesis
19. Which of the following steps to solve a problem is completed last?
A. analyzing data
B. recognizing and identifying the problem
C. drawing conclusions
D. testing a hypothesis
20. A prediction or statement that can be tested is a(n)____.
A. conclusion
B. Observation / eksperiment
C. control
D. hypothesis
21. A factor in an experiment that can change is a(n)____.
A. observation
B. variable
C. control
D. hypothesis

22. A sample that is treated exactly like the other experimental groups except that the variable
is not applied to it is a(n) ____.
A. observation
B. variable
C. control
D. hypothesis
23. One tool that can be used to display your data is a ____.
A. balance
B. spring scale
C. microscope
D. computer
24. One way to reduce bias in an experiment is to ____.
A. ask only girls a question about a school topic
B. take numerical measurements of the results
C. use descriptive phrases as your data
D. make sure that the results come out the way you want them
25. A good way to organize and record your results and observations is ____.
A. in a data table
B. by using a calculator
C. with a balance or spring scale
D. by having a hypothesis before you begin your experiment