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politics of sexuality. A politics which takes the event-in-language seriously


requires a deep exploration of the relationship between the feminine in-
human and the production of meaning. The pornographic is sexual speech,
the simultaneity of representation and embodiment. Pornography represents
bodies and affects them on many levels, acting on bodies by means of rep-
resentations. Internet distribution compromises the crucial political potential
of the space for fantasy. Porn troubles the basic infrastructure of modern
political thought.

Grebowiczs book makes many insightful claims and raises a lot of in-
triguing questions about the social effects of pornography in the Internet
age. Why Internet Porn Matters succeeds by every measure of success, and
I wholeheartedly recommend it to anyone interested in this important topic.

Reviewed by George Lzroiu, PhD
Institute of Interdisciplinary Studies in
Humanities and Social Sciences, New York

Social Production and Reproduction at
the Interfaces of Public and Private Spheres
Editors: Marcia Texler Segal, Esther Ngan-Ling Chow, and Vasilike Demos
Emerald: Bingley, West Yorkshire, 2012, 302 pp.
ISBN 978-1-78052-874-8

Social Production and Reproduction at the Interfaces of Public and Private
Spheres is the 16
th
volume of the series of books dealing with new devel-
opments in the study of gender within a variety of feminist frameworks and
methodologies under the title Advances in Gender Research reuniting
authors from all over the world.
In the age of globalization, the edge between the public and private
spaces, whether it is about people, media, social and legal policies, relation-
ships or behavior is dim, each of them having undergone a redefinition
process under the light of modern gender issues.
The volume gathers papers that explore the topic of production and re-
production at the crossroad of public and private social life in its greater
depth following the natural reproduction steps as matching or making rela-
tionships, motherhood, family life and work, analyzing the issues from the
perspective of gendered attitude towards different modern social policies in
countries like Spain, Indonesia, Pakistan, Canada, USA, China, Taiwan, and
England, exploring both rural and urban spaces.
Authors address the relationship among families from different perspec-
tives: stereotypical image of families with marriage migrants and the role of
the Unification Church in constructing and normalizing heterosexuality in
modern social context (Minjeong Kim, Gendered Desire and Heteronor-
155
mativity in the Transnational Matchmaking Process), the model of Chinese
motherhood and its impact on the development of families enterprises in
Spain underlining the destination country labor conditions that open to trans-
national families, households with multi-located members, thus putting in
place new strategies for family balance (Amelia Saiz Lopez, Transnational-
ism, Motherhood, and Entrepreneurship: Chinese Women in Spain), the
role of local culture in the social reproduction of womens lives within the
family and the way it relates their understanding of motherhood and sexual-
ity to the capacity of challenging family culture bound expectations (Marilyn
Porter and Kristi Poerwandari, Living Culture and Making Relationships:
Mothers and Daughters Negotiate Sexuality in Indonesia and Canada). They
examine the single motherhood among low-income Black women or residents
of impoverished regions in Southwest China, reassessing previous quasi-
judgmental approaches based on stereotypes faced by mothers in poverty
and discovering the cultural resources that enabled Black women to handle
the burden of poverty in raising their children (Bette J. Dickerson, Wanda
Parham-Payne and Tekisha Dwan Everette, Single Mothering in Poverty:
Black Feminist Considerations) and investigate the interplay between Chinese
patriarchal values and neoliberal ideas through introduction of techniques,
by official means, to improve the godmother image and reinforce gender
stereotype through market activity (Lihua Wang, Neoliberalism and the
Feminization of Family Survival: the Happiness Project in Four Chinese
Villages).
The workplace climate is analyzed both from the perspective of the
impact of Chinas economic transition on womens construction of their work
and family roles, stressing the womens effort to cope with excessive market
forces to protect family well-being rather than leaning on domestic role as a
result of traditional gender values (Jiping Zuo and Yongping Jiang, Work-
to-Family Conflict and Womens Construction of Work/ Family Roles in
Post-Mao China) and from the high-powered occupations such as college
faculty perspective, where women struggle facing the persistence of male
breadwinner stereotype, seek to achieve a balance between a full-time home-
maker and family life (Catherine White Berheide and Cay Anderson-Hanley,
Doing It All: The Effects of Gender, Rank, and Department Climate on
Work-Family Conflict for Faculty at Liberal Arts Colleges). The labor
market affects the relationship between men and women, challenging the
traditional patterns, especially under rural-urban movement, since the market-
oriented reform beginning in the late 1970s in China; it brings into discussion
the gender inequality as women are in a disadvantageous situation when
applying for a job compared to their male counterparts showing that women
rural-urban migrant workers human and social capital are lower than mens
and this gender discrimination affects womens occupational attainment
156
(Zhen Wang, Empirical Study of Gender Occupational Segregation of Rural-
Urban Migrant Workers in China).
Globalization issue is approached referring to mass media transcultural
gender discourse competition that opposes consumerism and traditional roots
within different men and women choices of diverse types of media entertain-
ment (Di Yang and Yihong Jin, Gender Discourse in the Cultural Context
of Globalization: Transmission, Conflict, and Discourse Competition), to the
role of gender issues inclusion into educational state programs in Taiwan in
response to the logic of globalization and global trend of gender equality
(Shu-Ching Lee, Beyond the State: Gender Equity in Education in Taiwan),
to the role of global and local networks and organizations related to domestic
violence, as a gendered crime, leading to a supranational level of the social
welfare development (Marianne Hester, Globalization, Activism, and Local
Contexts: Development of Policy on Domestic Violence in China and En-
gland) and to the way in which it transformed along with social and economic
changes the higher education, encouraging enrollment of adult students,
especially non-traditional women that return to being learners, after a turn
point in their life, thus becoming a place where dialogue, gender, identity and
learning are interconnected (Adrienne S. Chan and Barbara Merrill, Learn-
ing and Identity: Life, Work and Citizenship).
Even though the volume gathers authors from different states addressing
local issues, they all refer to feminist research methods, questioning the status
of women, their relationships with other women within the same family and
with men and gender inequality in labor field whether it regards rural-urban
work or high-ranked positions in career construction. Providing important
scientific literature review, the contributors support their findings on a variety
of data collection methods, such as interviews, narratives, statics surveys,
questionnaires, and participant observation. While some studies are based on
a great number of years spent in gathering in-field data, other used already
collected data for their research.
Whether conducted individually or in partnership, bringing together dif-
ferent culture, methodological literature, and gender knowledge, the researches
results prove the global importance gained by gender issues that receive
financial supported from both governmental and nongovernmental sources.
The volume provides scholars of gender with new information from all over
the world, offering unknown culture bound understandings and structures,
bringing unique perspectives on social stereotypes, reevaluating gendered
models under modern social and economical changes, and recommending new
gender-related labor market and education system policies improvement.

Reviewed by
Onorina Botezat, PhD
Spiru Haret University, Constanta
Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without
permission.