Anda di halaman 1dari 204

1

Tears for Kufa and Shaam















2
REFERENCES

Majaalis recitations by various Zakirs:
Maulana Sadiq Hassan
Marhum Mulla Asgarali Jaffer
Sheikh Jihad Ismail
Brother Hassnain Rajabali
Sayyad Ammar Nakshwani


TEARS & TRIBUTES
by Zakir

JOURNEYS OF TEARS
by The Wessex Shia Ithna Asheri Jamaat

TEARS FOR KERBALA
by Dr Liaket Dewji

MUKHTAR
by Dr M H Datoo

A PROBE INTO THE HISTORY OF ASHURA
by Dr Ibrahim Ayati












3
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

My wife Gulzar,
Baker Alidina & Mohamed Dawood
for checking and re-checking several drafts of this book.

My niece Sakina Janmohamed and my nephew Mohamedtaki Hudda,
for reading the Majaalis before the final print.

Sheikh Safder Jaffer,
Chairman of Islamic Education Board
of the World Federation of KSIMC
for editing the final manuscript and
verification of the religious content.

My sons,
Ali and Zishaan,
for financial support for the printing and free distribution
of the first 3,000 copies of the book.





















4
FOREWARD

I n the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful
If Hussein fought to quench his worldly desires, then I do not understand why his
sisters, wives and children accompanied him. It stands to reason therefore that he
sacrificed purely for Islam
Charles Dickens

The overwhelming success of Dr Liakets book, TEARS FOR
KERBALA, first published in June 1995, and reprinted several times in
UK and many other countries, on the subject of the Tragedy of Kerbala,
was a pleasant surprise to all of us involved in the production of this book.

With the help of the World Federation, TEARS FOR KERBALA was
also translated and printed in Malay language. Its huge success can only be
attributed in its entirely to the ongoing miracle of Imam Hussein (a.s) and
all the other Martyrs who unselfishly gave their lives in Kerbala to save
Islam.

This book is a sequel to TEARS FOR KERBALA. It narrates the
Majaalis of Ashre-Zainabia. It is aptly titled TEARS FOR KUFA &
SHAAM as it covers the journey of suffering of the survivors of the
tragedy in Kerbala, in Kufa and Shaam.

Every effort has been made to make this publication interesting for
children, using very simple and clear language. It is written in a unique
style and the final version being printed after a number of trial recitations
for and by children, to gauge their responses and reactions.

We hope that this book will enable adults, youths and particularly children
to easily understand the aftermath of the tragedy of Kerbala .

Whilst every effort has been made to ensure accuracy of this publication,
Momineen are urged to bring to our attention any errors to enable us to
rectify them for future editions.

May Almighty Allah accept our sincere efforts. Our objective would be
achieved if children benefit from this publication and it is used to encourage
children to recite Majaalis.

Mohamed Dawood
Past Editor - Hyderi Newsletter
5
PREFACE

I begin in the name Allah (SWT), the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

My greetings of peace and blessings to all of you.

This book is a sequel to TEARS FOR KERBALA. The Tragedy of
Kerbala did not end on Ashura with the brutal murder of Imam Hussein
(a.s), his dear companions, his brothers, sons and nephews. The suffering
and tears continued for another year.

Imam Zainul Abedin (a.s.), son of Imam Hussein (a.s.), the rightful fourth
Imam of Islam, was the only male adult survivor from the massacre in
Kerbala on Ashura Day in the year 61 A.H.

By the order of Yazid, Imam Zainul Abedin (a.s), the entire womenfolk and
children of the Martyrs of Kerbala were taken as prisoners from Kerbala via
Kufa to Shaam. During this long journey and whilst in imprisonment in
Kufa and Shaam, our fourth Imam, the ladies and children from the
household of the Holy Prophet (s.a.w) of Islam were physically tortured and
humiliated by Yazids men, for a period of about one year.

Traditionally, the suffering of these Holy people in Kufa and Shaam is
remembered and mourned for, during the Majaalis of Ashre-Zainabia,
usually held on the 10 days between the 30th and 40th day after Ashura
Day (10
th
-20
th
Safar) at every Shia Islamic Centre.

This book, appropriately titled TEARS FOR KUFA & SHAAM is
divided into twelve Majaalis, covering the journey of tears of our fourth
Imam (a.s), ladies and children from Kerbala via Kufa to Shaam. It narrates
their journey of humiliation and torture in the prisons and courtyards of
Ibne Ziyad and Yazid in Kufa and Shaam.

Despite all the hardship, our fourth Imam (a.s), Lady Zainab, Lady Kulsum
and the rest of the Holy womenfolk of Holy Prophets (s.a.w) household
preservered to save Imam Husseins (a.s) mission to save Islam.

Various historians differ in their versions of events that took place in
Kerbala, Kufa and Shaam. This is attributed to the fact that:

6

The massacre in Kerbala was completed within a very short period
of time in a vast battlefield.

The historians knew that Imam Hussein (a.s), Imam Zainul Abedin
(a.s.) and Lady Zainab were gifted by Almighty Allah to be able to
perform miracles. Therefore naturally, miraculous events are bound
to be included in their writings about Kerbala, Kufa and Shaam.

Poetry (Marthiya and Nawha) during that time were popular and
played a huge part in the way some historians narrated the events
that took place in Kerbala, Kufa and Shaam. Poets have a tendency
to portray symbolic events to rhyme their poems. Many
traditional Zakirs use these symbolic and miraculous events to
narrate the tragedy that took place in Kerbala, Kufa and Shaam.

Most of the the detailed information we have today is derived from the
narration by Imam Zainul Abedin (a.s) and Lady Zainab in Shaam and
Madina.

However as time passes, there are omissions and insertions which take
place, be it in Islamic and non-Islamic history, and these distort the true
version of events. A recent example is the various different written versions
of Holocaust of Jews and the event is only 60 years old. Some dont even
believe that Holocaust ever took place!

Usually, these distortions are made either by fanatical supporters or spiteful
rivals or both.

One of the greatest services, which we can render to the greatness of the
Martyrs of Kerbala and the work done by prisoners of Kufa and Shaam to
save Islam, is to keep their movement free from every sort of falsehood,
myth and baseless matter.

The suffering and brutal murder of Imam Hussein (a.s), his companions and
family members in Kerbala, followed by the imprisonment and torture of
his remaining ailing son, our fourth Imam and his womenfolk in Kufa and
Shaam is an unmatched event in the history of mankind. This suffering and
the brutal murders must be re-told to the generations to come, in shocking
7
details to push the listeners to the edge, so that they realise the greatness of
the sacrifice by Imam Hussein (a.s.) and his family.

Like my previous books, this book is also written in simple spoken style
English, so our young readers as old as 3 years can understand the suffering
in Kufa & Shaam.

The main purpose of this book is to arouse the interest of young readers to
find out for themselves about the events that led to such a great tragedy in
Kerbala, Kufa and Shaam in the year 61A.H.

The statement alaihis salaam (a.s), which means peace be upon him/her is
invoked for all masoomins and prophets. However when Prophet
Mohammeds name is used the statement salla allahu 'alaihi wasallam,
which means may the blessing and the peace of Allah be upon him is
invoked. When the name of a Masoomin or any prophet is taken it is
respectful to invoke the appropriate statement of peace.

To maintain continuity of the spoken style of writing used in this book
you will notice that there are no prompts provided for this in the Majaalis
section of the book but each time you read the name of a Masoomin please
invoke the peace statement.

You will also notice that at the beginning of each majaalis, there is a recap
of events from Ashura to the topic of the Majaalis in question.

May peace and blessings prevail on all the Holy names, and curse of the
Almighty Allah on all those enemies of Ahlulbayt past, present and in the
future.

May Almighty Allah (SWT) accept our efforts. It is only He who gave us
the strength and inclination to write and produce this book.

Dr. Liaket Dewji






8









JOURNEY DISTANCES (miles)
1. MADINA TO MECCA 200
2. MECCA TO KERBALA 700
3. KERBALA TO KUFA 60
4. KUFA TO SHAAM 450
5. SHAAM TO KERBALA 450
6. KERBALA TO MADINA 600

The above distances are approximate

EVENTS BEFORE KERBALA

After the death of the Holy Prophet (s.a.w) in the Islamic Year 11
A.H., Islam was in danger of being destroyed by the hypocrite
Rulers of the Islamic Empire, who had not accepted Islam with their
hearts and minds.

Although they recited Kalema, they had not accepted the Holy
Prophet (s.a.w) of Islam as the true Messenger of the Almighty Allah.
They had converted to Islam only to safeguard their power and
wealth.

Imam Ali (a.s) had to fight several battles against these hypocrites to
protect the true principles of Islam.

Imam Hassan (a.s) signed a peace treaty with one of the biggest
enemies of Islam to protect the true Muslims.

Imam Hussein (a.s) sacrificed his and his familys lives to save Islam.

9
Battles, peace treaty and sacrifice, three different types of action by
the three great Imams to save Islam from being destroyed by the
hypocrites who called themselves Muslims, but were in fact, the
biggest enemies of Islam after the Holy Prophets (s.a.w) death.

Why such different actions against the enemies of Islam by these
three great Imams?

Why did Imam Ali (a.s) not sign a peace treaty instead of waging
wars against the enemies of Islam, like his son Imam Hassan (a.s)
did?

Why did Imam Hassan (a.s) not sacrifice his life like his brother
Imam Hussein (a.s), but instead chose to sign a peace treaty for
the sake of Islam?

Why did Imam Hussein (a.s) not sign a peace treaty, like his
brother Imam Hassan (a.s) but instead chose to sacrifice his own
life?

To understand why these three great Imams took to such different
actions to save Islam, we have to analyse the actions and intentions of
the three greatest enemies of Islam during the Prophets (s.a.w) time
and after his death. These three greatest enemies of Islam were:

Enemy No. 1 Abu Sufiyan, the grandfather of Yazid.
Enemy No. 2 Muawiyah, the father of Yazid.
Enemy No. 3 Yazid.

A historical study of the events and situations created by the above
three will show us:

Why Imam Ali (a.s) had to fight battles with the enemies of
Islam?
Why Imam Hassan (a.s) had to sign a peace treaty with the
enemies of Islam?
10
Why Imam Hussein (a.s) had to sacrifice his life to protect Islam
from being destroyed Abu Sufiyans family?

I have covered this very briefly. I would recommend you read A
probe into the history of Ashura by Dr Ibrahim Ayati to get more
details.

Abu Sufiyans Rule

Abu Sufiyan and his family fought against the Holy Prophet (s.a.w)
for twenty years. They did all they could to end the progress of Islam
by all possible means, but they did not succeed. Abu Sufiyan became
Muslim when he had no choice when Mecca was surrendered to the
Holy Prophet (s.a.w).

After the defeat at Mecca, Muawiyah, the father of Yazid refused to
accept Islam and ran away to Yemen. It was only when the whole of
Arabia became Muslim, he had no option but to accept Islam.

During the Holy Prophets (s.a.w) lifetime, Abu Sufiyan and his
family were stripped off all power and influence, and therefore had
no choice but to quietly follow Islam. Their hearts and minds never
accepted Islam.

The Caliphate

Immediately after the death of the Holy Prophet (s.a.w), the drama
that was staged at Saqifa, to select and elect the first Caliph can be
said to be the root cause of all the tragic events, that took place after
the Prophets (s.a.w) death.

We, the Muslims even today are so disunited because the majority of
us did not follow the final advice of the Holy Prophet (s.a.w), who
only acted on the Almighty Allahs orders. He appointed Imam Ali
(a.s) as the divinely appointed first Caliph but the so-called key
Muslims appointed the first Caliph according to their choice. A
human choice was followed rather than the divine choice.
11

The wealth, strength and voice of 1.5 billion united Muslims in the
world today would have terrified the enemies of Islam.

The Holy Prophet (s.a.w), after his final farewell Hajj, quite clearly
appointed Imam Ali (a.s) at the Valley of Khum, as the first leader of
Islam by declaring:

The One Who Considers Me To Be His Maula (leader), Will
Consider Ali To Be his Maula (leader).

The message was clear and straightforward to understand. But those
who had other plans, twisted the meaning of Maula into something
else.

It is belittling the Holy Prophet (s.a.w) and the Almighty Allah,
whose instructions he followed, to say that he did not appoint a
worthy leader to follow after his death.

He did, and he appointed Imam Ali (a.s) as the rightful first successor
as per the Almighty Allahs orders.

We, the Muslims follow the same Quran, the same Prophet (s.a.w)
and face the same Qibla, but still remain disunited and therefore keep
on suffering in the hands of our enemies.

Why are we so disunited?

Because the majority of Muslims abandoned one of the two things
our Holy Prophet (s.a.w) advised us to follow after his death. We all
held on to the Holy Quran but did not practice it and sadly the
majority abandoned Ahlulbayt, the family of the Holy Prophet
(s.a.w), the purified ones, who would have kept us all on the right and
united path.

Injustice, tyranny and oppression towards Muslims is getting worse
day by day, but Inshallah, one day soon, all Muslims will unite under
12
the leadership of the living Ahlulbayt, the awaited one, the guide, Al
Mahdi (a.s).

We, the Shias, the followers of Ahlulbayt must, under all
circumstances, hold on to the true fact that Imam Ali (a.s) was the
rightful first Caliph and Imam Mahdi (a.s) will come soon to rule the
world.

Islam is the final religion of the Almighty Allah and the final victory
will be of united Muslims under the leadership of Al Mahdi (a.s).

The family of the Holy Prophet (s.a.w) was purified by the Almighty
Allah himself, but the way the Prophets daughter, Lady Fatemah
(a.s) was treated after his death is a shameful part of Islamic history.
The culprits who mistreated the Prophets daughter by stealing her
right to inherit the Garden of Fadak gave a wrong message to the
Muslim public about the importance of following and respecting the
Ahlulbayt.

This was the beginning of the harsh and cruel treatment inflicted
upon the Ahlulbayt by long chain of illegally, unworthy and self
appointed leaders who came after the death of the Holy Prophet
(s.a.w). This ill treatment of the Ahlulbayt eventually lead to the great
tragedy of Kerbala, Kufa and Shaam.

After the death of the Holy Prophet (s.a.w), Muawiyah sided with the
enemies of Imam Ali (a.s). He played an important part in grabbing
leadership from Imam Ali (a.s). For this, he was rewarded by the
second Caliph, with the Governorship of Syria.

A major mistake by the second Caliph was to give back the power to
Muawiyah, the son of Abu Sufiyan, the arch enemy of Islam.

During the time of the first three Caliphs, all evil doings against the
pious Muslims were being ignored. The public funds of Muslims
accumulated through taxes and so on (Baytul Mal), instead of going
to the needy went to those who deserved the least such as those who
13
either had influence or some sort of relationship or friendship with
the people in charge.

This corrupt situation became unbearable during the Caliphate of
Uthman, the third Caliph. The angry Muslim public could not take it
any longer and the third Caliph was murdered.

After the murder of the third Caliph, the Muslims requested Imam
Ali (a.s) to take over the leadership and he did so in the year 35 A.H.
He accepted to become Caliph on the condition that he is allowed to
rule with justice and under Islamic laws.

Imam Ali (a.s) set out immediately for a change; a return to the laws
of Islam. To undo the wrongdoing of the previous 24 years of
leaderships, he dismissed all the dishonest and corrupt governors and
replaced them with honest and religious people.

Muawiyahs Rule

Muawiyah, the Governor of Syria was also dismissed for his
corruption and un-Islamic dealings. Muawiyah refused to give up his
position. This led to the Battle of Siffeen. When Muawiyah was
about to lose the battle, he managed to trick and bribe the majority of
Imam Alis (a.s) army; to insist upon referring the dispute of his
governship to a group of appointed people. Using the same methods
of bribery, Muawiyah managed to get a decision in his favour.

Therefore, Muawiyah was allowed to continue to be the Governor of
Syria. People of Kufa betrayed Imam Ali (a.s) when he needed their
support to get rid of the dishonest and corrupt governor.

Muawiyah then set himself up as an independent Ruler of Shaam
while Imam Ali (a.s) was the Caliph.

Muawiyah and his followers spread evil propaganda against Imam
Ali (a.s) and his family. The sad thing is that the newly converted but
some what ignorant Muslims who made up the majority during that
14
time, believed Muawiyah and his followers, and hated Imam Ali
(a.s).

They considered Muawiyah to be an outstanding companion of the
Holy Prophet (s.a.w); honourable, a true pious Muslim; and a
Mujtahid, a true guide; and did not believe that he was a hypocrite.

The evil propaganda of Muawiyah and his agents in Syria and other
Islamic territories misled and poisoned the public mind. So much so
that, when Imam Hussein (a.s) asked Yazids soldiers in Kerbala,
why they had gathered to kill the grandson of their Prophet, they
replied: It is due to the hatred we hold against your father.

Read the above paragraph again and you will soon realise why Yazid
was able to kill the grandson of the Holy Prophet (s.a.w) of Islam in
the land of Muslims. Muawiyah who was made a Governor by the
second Caliph was the root cause of the tragedy of Kerbala.

The hatred for Ali (a.s) and his family was deeply embedded in
peoples minds and hearts by Muawiyah and his followers. Peoples
minds were corrupted against Imam Ali (a.s), to such an extent that
when they came to know that Imam Ali (a.s) was martyred while
praying, they asked: Did Ali pray?

Soon after the martyrdom of Imam Ali (a.s) in the year 40 A.H.,
Muawiyah, making full use of his methods of bribery, threats and
craftiness succeeded in becoming the Caliph of entire Islamic
Empire.

Muawiyah had never been interested in Islam right from the
beginning. He only used Islam for his personal gains, power and
glory. He never hesitated to break the laws of Islam for his personal
gains.

Muawiyah was a buffet Muslim. He chose what he liked and
ignored what did not suit him. When any saying of the Holy Prophet
(s.a.w) did not suit his corrupt rule, he ordered it to be struck off all
15
records. He set up a special department within his administration to
manufacture Hadith (sayings or traditions of the Holy Prophet
(s.a.w)) that would favour him and his policies.

Why Imam Hassans Peace Treaty?

During Muawiyahs rule, the Shias, the friends and lovers of
Ahlulbayt were mercilessly killed. Anyone who dared to say
anything in favour of Ahlulbayt was put down to death or thrown into
a dungeon.

To save the lives, property and families of his dear followers, Imam
Hassan (a.s), the rightful Caliph after the death of Imam Ali (a.s),
made a peace treaty with Muawiyah.

The other main reason Imam Hassan (a.s) made a peace treaty with
Muawiyah was to prevent weakening the positions of Muslims in
Arabia as a result of fighting within themselves.

Let me explain this further, proving that Imam Hassan (a.s)
safeguarded the severe bloodshed of the Muslims and the strength of
Islam by not fighting with Muawiyah.

After the death of Imam Ali (a.s), the strength of Imam Hassans (a.s)
supporters and Muawiyahs army was divided almost evenly, and if
Imam Hassan (a.s) had continued to fight against Muawiyah, neither
of the two parties could expect victory without severe bloodshed. The
result of such fighting would have been disastrous for the Muslims. It
would have weakened the Muslim army in Arabia, allowing the
Romans to conquer it from outside and Khawarij, a non-Muslim tribe
from within.

Imam Hassan (a.s) was not a coward. He did not fight with
Muawiyah NOT because he was afraid of him or to save his own life.
I repeat Imam Hassan (a.s) did not wage a war on Muawiyah because
Imam Hassan (a.s) wanted to prevent the senseless death of large
16
number of Muslims on both sides and to prevent non-Muslims taking
over and ruling the Islamic countries.

In fact, Imam Hassan (a.s) fought the biggest Jihad; the Jihad of
being patient; the Jihad of saving thousands of Muslims being killed,
the Jihad of safeguarding the strength of Islam. Like his father Imam
Ali (a.s) and like his brother Imam Hussein (a.s) , saving Islam was
Imam Hassans (a.s) main goal.

Imam Hassan (a.s) was obeying the Almighty Allahs wishes by
signing the peace treaty with Muawiyah. The Holy Prophet (s.a.w)
had given out the duties of every Imam in advance, in accordance
with the Almighty Allahs wishes.

Imam Hassans (a.s) sacrifice of not fighting with Muawiyah was
with the intention to safeguard the strength of Islam, while his
brother Husseins (a.s) sacrifice in Kerbala was to save Islam. Both
sacrifices were equally important for Islam and both Imams
performed their duties to absolute perfection according to the wishes
of the Almighty Allah.

Imam Hassan (a.s) did not give Muawiyah an open peace agreement
allowing him to do whatever he wanted to do. In fact he exposed
Muawiyahs distance from Islam through the treaty. The peace treaty
included:

Muawiyah would govern the Islamic territories according to the
Quran and Sunnah of Holy Prophet (s.a.w): (In this way, Imam
Hassan (a.s) exposed to the world that Muawiyah never followed
the Quran and Sunnah of Holy Prophet (s.a.w)).
Muawiyah and his men must stop cursing my father, Imam Ali
(a.s).
Muawiyahs men must not unjustly kill the followers of
Ahlulbayt, or seize their properties.
17
I should be allowed, without any hindrance from Muawiyahs
men to carry out my religious duties to preach and guide my
followers like my grandfather and father did.
MUAWIYAH WOULD NOT APPOINT ANYONE TO BE
THE NEXT CALIPH AFTER HIS DEATH; HE WOULD
LET PEOPLE SELECT THEIR CALIPH.

As time went by, Imam Hassan (a.s) continued to preach true Islam
and Muawiyah continued collecting vast wealth by un-Islamic ways.
Imam Hassan (a.s) attracted large gatherings whenever he preached.
Muawiyah did not like this.

Muawiyah was the king of the whole Muslim Empire and therefore
very rich. He used his wealth to tarnish the good name of Imam
Hassan (a.s). He bribed his agents with money to make up and spread
damaging stories about Imam Hassan (a.s).

But none of Muawiyahs tricks worked. Due to Imam Hassans (a.s)
pious and pure character, his popularity increased day by day.

Muawiyah was also breaking the peace agreement he had made with
Imam Hassan (a.s). He was still killing the supporters of Imam Ali
(a.s).

In the year 50 A.H., he also had Imam Hassan (a.s) killed by poison,
by using the services of Imam Hassans (a.s) wife, Juda (daughter of
Ashas). Muawiyah bribed her with lots of money and promised her
hand in marriage to his son Yazid if she killed Imam Hassan (a.s).

One of the main conditions of the agreement of the peace treaty
between Imam Hassan (a.s) and Muawiyah was that Muawiyah
would not appoint the next Caliph; he would let people select their
own Caliph.

Did Muawiyah keep his agreement?

18
No. He broke most of the conditions during the lifetime of Imam
Hassan (a.s) and soon after the death of Imam Hassan (a.s);
Muawiyah himself started introducing his unsuitable son Yazid as the
next Caliph.

While he was alive, Muawiyah called influential people from his
Empire to his Palace, gave them a large amount of wealth and told
them to promote his son Yazid as the next Caliph. Those, whose faith
was weak and lived for gains in this world, started promoting Yazid
as the next Caliph to their people, in their cities.

While Muawiyah was alive, he even tried to bribe and threaten Imam
Hussein (a.s) to accept his son Yazid as the next Caliph after him.
Imam Hussein (a.s) and all those Muslims, who were well versed
with the Holy Quran, believed sincerely in the Almighty Allah and
the Holy Prophet (s.a.w), refused to accept Yazid as the next Caliph
from day one.


Yazids Rule

Imam Hussein (a.s) and those who had accepted Islam sincerely
knew that, to accept Yazid as a leader of Islamic Empire was to say
goodbye to Islam and the Holy Quran. Most Muslims knew that
Yazid was a drunkard, a gambler and had no respect for the Holy
Quran or the teachings of the Holy Prophet (s.a.w).

Yazid was a hypocrite who claimed to be a Muslim but hated Islam
and all its teachings in his heart.

Muawiyah died on 22
nd
Rajab in 60 A.H. He ruled over the Muslims
for twenty years. He promoted injustice, oppression and un-Islamic
immoral way of life during his rule. The spirit of Islam amongst the
Muslims had almost died during his rule.

After Muawiyahs death, the situation in the Islamic countries went
from bad to worse. Muawiyahs son, Yazid made himself the next
Caliph. Yazid was worse than his father.
19

Let us first examine what type of person Yazid was, and why Imam
Hussein (a.s) would not accept him as the rightful leader of Islam?

Yazid had no respect for the dos and donts of Islamic teachings, as
instructed in the Holy Quran or advised by the Holy Prophet of
Islam (s.a.w).

For example, Yazid openly rejected and refused to pray the Wajib
Salah, he did not fast during the Holy month of Ramadhan, had no
respect for his people or their properties. Yazid oppressed his people
unjustly and so on.

Yazid arranged wine-drinking parties and he drank so much until he
lost all self-control. He gambled, arranged horse racing, made a
mockery out of the Holy Quran, the Holy Prophet (s.a.w) and so on.

Yazid was often drunk, singing songs that made jokes about Salah,
the Holy Prophet (s.a.w) and his family. He is reported to declare;
Mohammed made himself the messenger of Allah to acquire power
and kingdom, actually, there was no Angel Gabriel nor was there a
revelation of the Quran to Mohammed.

Yazid dressed his pet monkey and put him on the Pulpit of the Holy
Prophet (s.a.w) and made a mockery of the Holy Prophet (s.a.w).
This sums up Yazids character as well as his belief in Islam.

What really upset Imam Hussein (a.s) was that the people around
Yazid; his Ministers, Governors and Commanders were also
influenced by Yazids un-Islamic way of life, and they were also
committing sins as Yazid was. These Ministers, Governors and
Commanders, in turn, greatly influenced the general Muslim public.
This is what Imam Hussein (a.s) was worried about, the Muslim
public being misguided by the un-Islamic ruler Yazid and his ruling
Officers. Islam was slowly but surely being dismantled and destroyed
by Yazid and his influential people.

20
During the period of Yazids Caliphate, music and dancing became
common in Holy places like Mecca and Madina. The people began to
drink wine openly.

If nothing was done to stop Yazid, who claimed to be the guiding
leader of Islam, a day would have come when Muslims would not
have recognised real Islam and the Holy Quran. All traces of Islam
would have been destroyed and the pains taken by the Holy Prophet
(s.a.w) would have been wasted, neither the Quran nor Islam would
have survived.

The difference between the crafty and cunning Muawiyah and his son
Yazid was; Muawiyah used Islam for his personal gains while Yazid
was determined to destroy Islam so that he could continue freely with
his un-Islamic way of life and also to avenge the defeat of his
forefathers by the Holy Prophet (s.a.w).



Why Baiat refused by Imam Hussein (a.s)?

To be able to continue with his immoral, un-Islamic way of life
openly and freely, Yazid had to be recognised as the true leader of
Islam by everyone in his Empire. He could only achieve this, if the
grandson of the Holy Prophet (s.a.w) of Islam would accept and
endorse him as the true leader of Islam.

Imam Hussein (a.s), the grandson of the Holy Prophet (s.a.w), was
openly denying to accept Yazid as the Caliph, as the true leader of
Islam. He was also warning the Muslim public that Islam was in
danger of being wiped out by Yazid and his regime.

Yazid was very keen to make his leadership, his Caliphate official.
He wanted to be accepted as a Caliph, a successor, an Imam of Islam
by everyone.

21
Yazid knew that the true Muslims were not happy with him as a
Caliph. They rightly did not find him to be fit to be a Caliph of Islam.
But they were too scared to raise their objections because Yazid
would have their heads chopped off.

To be officially recognised as a Caliph of Islam by everyone, Yazid
needed a Baiat, an oath of allegiance, an oath of acceptance from the
grandson of the Holy Prophet (s.a.w) of Islam.

Therefore, Yazid wrote a letter to his Governor of Madina, Waleed
bin Utba, asking him to get Baiat from Imam Hussein (a.s) to accept
him as an official leader of Islam.

For Imam Hussein (a.s), it was not a matter of pride or his right to the
Caliphate; an approval of Yazids leadership would lead to a total
destruction of Islam.

By obeying the Almighty Allahs wishes, Imam Hussein (a.s) and the
rest of the Martyrs of Kerbala gave their lives, not only to save Islam
but also to save those qualities which are essential for survival for
every society, regardless of race or religion. The Martyrs of Kerbala
fought and died to save truth, justice and good qualities in mankind.

Imam Husseins (a.s) mission was not just to save Islam but also to
save the whole of mankind from destruction by Yazid and other
forthcoming rulers like Yazid.

Waleed received the letter from Yazid on 27
th
Rajab, 60 A.H. He
immediately sent a message to Imam Hussein (a.s) to come to his
Palace.

Imam Hussein (a.s), accompanied by his brothers, sons, nephews and
close companions went to the Palace. Waleed asked him to declare
Baiat to Yazid or he would be arrested and killed. Imam (a.s) asked
him to give him a day to think about it.

22
That night, Imam Hussein (a.s) visited the grave of the Holy Prophet
(s.a.w) and offered prayers there. What did he pray for? To save his
and his familys lives? NoHe prayed to the Almighty Allah to give
him strength and patience to carry out his mission according to His
wish as previously instructed by His Holy Prophet (s.a.w).

The Almighty Allahs wish was Martyrdom of Hussein (a.s) and his
family. Why did Almighty Allah wish for that? Almighty Allah who
is All Knowing and the Most Wise knew that an action of high
character was required to save His final religion and His beloved
creation from destruction by Yazid.

Almighty Allah knew that only one person during that time was
capable of carrying out this action successfully. A huge sacrifice by
Imam Hussein (a.s) and his family was required to bring an
awakening amongst Muslims during Yazids time and also to leave a
lasting reminder for future generations of leaders and mankind.

The Almighty Allah honoured Imam Hussein (a.s) by selecting him
to do the difficult job of saving Islam during Yazids time. Imam
Hussein (a.s) and his family carried out Almighty Allahs command
to absolute perfection.

Journey from Madina to Mecca

On the 28
th
Rajab, in the Islamic Year 60 A.H., Imam Hussein (a.s)
left Madina for Mecca without giving Baiat to Yazid.

Why did Imam Hussein (a.s) leave Madina?

Imam Hussein (a.s) knew that by refusing to give Baiat to
Yazid, Yazid would send an army to kill him and his
supporters. By staying in Madina, he would have put his
followers lives in danger.

A battle in Madina between Yazid and Imam Hussein (a.s)
would have been recorded in history as a battle for Caliphate.
23
Imam Husseins (a.s) death in Madina would not have
stopped the un-Islamic way of life Muawiyah and Yazid had
promoted and which had penetrated among the Muslim
public.

To awaken all Muslims to: Nahi Anil Munkar, rejecting the
donts of Islamic teachings, and Amr Bil Maroof, following
the dos of Islamic teachings.

Preaching sermons and speeches by Imam Hussein (a.s)
would not have stopped the deeply rooted un-Islamic way of
life among many Muslims during Yazids time. It was time to
take drastic action to stop Yazid. A huge sacrifice by Imam
Hussein (a.s) and his family was needed to stop Islam being
destroyed by Yazid.

To expose Yazids evil intent, Imam Hussein (a.s) left Madina with
his close companions and family members. Imam Hussein (a.s) had
to expose Yazids wrongdoing and stop him dismantling Islam.

Why did Imam Hussein (a.s) take his family with him?

Imam Husseins (a.s) mission was not to fight with Yazid but
to sacrifice his life and his familys lives for Islam. He took
his family with him because after his martyrdom, his
surviving family had a task to complete.

Imam Husseins (a.s) mission would have been incomplete
without the achievements of his surviving family. To
successfully deliver Imam Husseins (a.s) mission, his
surviving family suffered all sorts of calamities and hardship.
As you read through this book, it will become clearer how
Imam Husseins (a.s) family completed this mission of
exposing Yazids evil plan.

Charles Dickens had said the following about Imam Hussein (a.s)
taking his family with him:
24

If Hussein fought to fulfil his worldly desires, then I do not
understand why his sisters, wives and children accompanied him. It
stands to reason therefore that he sacrificed purely for Islam.

Did Imam Hussein (a.s) know that he and his family would be killed
in Kerbala?

Yes.

Some people who have not grasped the extent of Yazids evilness or
the huge sacrifice of the Martyrs of Kerbala label Imam Husseins
(a.s) sacrifice as a suicide mission?

No. It was not a suicide mission.

Though Imam Hussein (a.s) fully knew what would happen to him
and his family, his and his familys sacrifice was absolutely essential,
and as I have explained, this was the Almighty Allahs wish.

To fight in a Jihad, a Holy War, for the sake of Islam, even when the
odds are against you being killed is not an act of suicide.

The Holy Prophet (s.a.w) also fought in such battles when he had a
much smaller army compared to his enemy.

Who went with Imam Hussein (a.s) on his journey from Madina?

Imam Husseins (a.s):
Brothers: several including Hazrat Abbas
Wives: Umme Laila and Umme Rubab.
Sisters: Lady Kulsum and Lady Zainab.
Sister-in-law: Umme Farwa, Imam Hassans (a.s) wife
Sons: Imam Zainul Abedin, Ali Akbar and Ali Asgar.
Daughter: little Sakina (also known as Rukaya).
Nephews: Qasim, son of Imam Hassan (a.s), Aun and
Mohammed, sons of Bibi Zainab.
25
Cousins: Muslim Ibne Aqeel and others, with their families.
Companions and their families.
Mother-like: Lady Fiza, a Princess from Ethiopia who had served
Lady Fatemah (a.s) as a maid also accompanied Imam Hussein
and his family to Kerbala, Kufa and Shaam.

Fatemah Sughra, the eight-year-old daughter of Imam did not travel
with her father. She was too ill to travel, and therefore was left
behind in Madina with her two grandmothers, Umme Salma, the
Holy Prophets (s.a.w) wife and Umme Baneen, Imam Alis (a.s)
Wife.

Where did Imam Hussein (a.s) go from Madina?

To Mecca. He arrived in Mecca on the 3
rd
of Shaban, Islamic Year 60
A.H.

The Invitation from the People of Kufa

The people of Kufa in Iraq had heard of what had happened to Imam
Hussein (a.s) and his family in Madina.

They had seen the way Imam Ali (a.s) had carried out his leadership
with justice, honesty and truth. They had long suffered under
Muawiyah. They feared even greater suffering under Yazid.

The true Muslims in Kufa knew that, the greed for power and glory
by Yazid was dismantling Islam. They were keen to preserve the
teachings of the Holy Prophet (s.a.w).

The true Muslims in Kufa needed an Imam like Imam Ali (a.s), who
would explain the Holy Quran and teach them the true sayings and
traditions of the Holy Prophet (s.a.w). Therefore, they wrote to Imam
Hussein (a.s) inviting him to come to Kufa to guide them to the right
path, the path of Islam.

The people of Kufa at that time believed that Imam Hussein (a.s) and
his family would be safe in Kufa. The Governor in Kufa was a man
26
called Ibne Basheer. Although, he was a follower of Muawiyah and
Yazid, he was not by nature a cruel man. He did not stop people
practising the true Islam.

After receiving hundreds of letters and many personal messages from
the people of Kufa, Imam Hussein (a.s) decided to send his cousin
Hazrat Muslim Ibne Aqeel, as his representative to Kufa to study the
situation there and report to him.

On the 15
th
of Ramadhan, in the Islamic Year 60 A.H., Muslim Ibne
Aqeel left Mecca for Kufa with his two young sons. He arrived in
Kufa at the end of Zil Kaad.

Muslim Ibne Aqeel and his two sons were received extremely well by
the people of Kufa. It is recorded that eighteen thousand people
appeared before Hazrat Muslim and pledged their allegiance to Imam
Hussein (a.s) as their true Imam.

Hazrat Muslim wrote to Imam Hussein (a.s) that most of the people
in Kufa were ready to receive him as their Imam, and advised Imam
Hussein (a.s) that he should come to Kufa.

But, Yazid had spies in Kufa.

When Yazid heard from his spies that the people of Kufa have
warmly welcomed Imam Husseins (a.s) representative in their city,
and had also invited Imam Hussein (a.s) to come to Kufa to preach to
them true Islam, he was filled with anger.

Ibne Ziyad

When Yazid heard about the warm welcome given to Muslim Ibne
Aqeel, he immediately replaced Ibne Basheer with Ibne Ziyad as the
Governor of Kufa.

Ibne Ziyad was a cruel and evil man. In his greed for huge rewards of
wealth and power he did exactly what his master Yazid wanted him
to do.

27
Ibne Ziyad arrived in Kufa on the 2
nd
Zil Hajj, in the Islamic Year 60
A.H.

On his arrival in Kufa, the evil Ibne Ziyad went to the mosque where
a large congregation had gathered to offer evening prayers behind
Hazrat Muslim.

Ibne Ziyad addressed the people of Kufa who had gathered in the
mosque:

Let it be known to people of Kufa, I, the son of Ziyad, have been
appointed as the new Governor of Kufa by the Caliph Yazid. I have
been told that the people of Kufa have extended their welcome to
Muslim Ibne Aqeel, a representative of Hussein, son of Ali, who has
refused to give his oath of allegiance to your Caliph Yazid.

I hereby warn all the people of Kufa, that any person found
associating with Muslim, son of Aqeel will be hanged with his entire
family and all their properties will be seized. In the case of those who
have so far extended their welcome to him, if they now repent and
quit from doing so, they will be free from any punishment.

Read Ibne Ziyads threats again and you can see very clearly what
Imam Husseins (a.s) mission was? To stop tyranny and oppression
by the tyrant rulers which would not just destroy Islam, but also
mankind.

To stop Yazids tyranny and oppression was not going to be an easy
task. It required a bold stand against him without fear for his or his
familys life, and this is exactly what the brave Imam Hussein (a.s)
did.

In the prevailing threatening conditions, only bold and brave Imam
Hussein (a.s) could perform a memorable task whose freshness could
not fade with the passage of time, and which could not be wiped off
from the pages of the history of Islam. An everlasting message was to
be delivered to all the tyrant rulers by Imam Hussein (a.s).

28
Betrayal of the People of Kufa

Ibne Ziyad threatened the people of Kufa in his speech with death if
they continued to show their support for Muslim Ibne Aqeel. As soon
as Ibne Ziyad ended his speech, the people of Kufa got very scared
and ran to their homes. The people of Kufa had done this before.

In the past, they had betrayed Imam Ali (a.s) during the Battle of
Siffin against Muawiyah. Once again, they were showing their
cowardliness in times of trouble and trial by deserting Hazrat Muslim
and betraying Imam Hussein (a.s).

On the 8
th
of Zil Hajj, in the Islamic Year 60 A.H., Ibne Ziyad killed
Hazrat Muslim Ibne Aqeel with his two young sons. Muslim Ibne
Aqeel was not able to inform Imam Hussein (a.s) about the betrayal
of people of Kufa before his death.

Journey from Mecca to Kerbala

At the same time as Yazid sent Ibne Ziyad as his Governor to Kufa to
kill Hazrat Muslim and establish a rule of terror there, he sent his
thugs to Mecca to murder Imam Hussein (a.s) during the Hajj time.

Imam Hussein (a.s) came to learn about Yazids plot. He did not wish
the House of the Almighty Allah to be turned into a battlefield. Imam
Hussein (a.s) decided to leave Mecca without performing Hajj.

Many wanted to help Imam Hussein (a.s) with his mission to save
Islam. Imam Hussein (a.s) said to them:

I do not require swords, lances, horses or money. I am ready to
accept only those people to join me on my mission, who are prepared
to sacrifice their lives for the sake of the Almighty Allah. Those who
want to join me on my mission must know that; for them there is no
reward waiting in this world but I can assure them of huge reward in
the world hereafter.

29
Many joined Imam Hussein (a.s) from Mecca but only 72 remained
with him in Kerbala. Imam Hussein (a.s) had the best of best
companions anyone could wish for.

Imam Husseins (a.s) caravan left Mecca for Kufa on the 8
th
of Zil
Hajj, in the Islamic Year 60 A.H., with spirit of sacrifice to please the
Almighty Allah. A great man was on the move again towards his
goal; full of determination and devotion to his mission to save Islam.

Imam Hussein (a.s) knew very well what he was doing, where he was
going and what the outcome would be for his actions. He was fully
committed to the path of truth at whatever cost to him or his family.

On the sixth day of the journey to Kufa, Imam Hussein (a.s) heard the
news of the death of Hazrat Muslim. He still continued with his
journey to Kufa because the people of Kufa had invited him to be
their Imam and guide them to the right path. He did not want history
to record an excuse for the people of Kufa of inviting their Imam but
not receiving him.

Ibne Ziyad learnt about Imam Hussein (a.s) coming to Kufa. He sent
Hazrat Hur, a captain in his army, with 1,000 horsemen to stop Imam
Hussein (a.s) coming to Kufa.

On the 1
st
of Muharram, in the Islamic year 61 A.H., Imam Hussein
(a.s) met Hur and his 1,000 soldiers at a place, a few miles outside
Kufa.

Hur told Imam Hussein (a.s) that his orders were to stop him going to
Kufa.

Hur forced Imam Hussein (a.s) to travel away from Kufa.

On the 2
nd
of Muharram, Imam Hussein (a.s), his family members
and companions reached Kerbala. Imam Hussein (a.s) bought the
land there from the local owners and pitched his tents. Hur and his
30
men also pitched their camps some distance away from Imam
Husseins (a.s) tents.

The following day, Umar bin Saad, the commander of Yazids army
joined Hur with a further 4,000 soldiers. As days went by, Ibne Ziyad
sent Shimr with further 10,000 soldiers to join Umar Saads army to
fight Imam Hussein (a.s) and his small army of 72.

Umar Saad tried many times between 3
rd
and 7
th
Muharram to obtain
an oath of allegiance from Imam Hussein (a.s) for Yazid. He was
hoping Imam Hussein (a.s) would give in after seeing such a large
mighty army gathered to kill him. This was Imam Hussein (a.s) reply
to Umar Saad:

O Umar Saad! Yazid is a tyrannical and oppressive self appointed
Caliph. He considers Halal acts as Haram and Haram as Halal. He
breaks the Almighty Allahs divine laws, opposes the path of the
Holy Prophet (s.a.w) and oppresses the people.

The Holy Prophet (s.a.w) has said that those people who do not stop
such a leader like Yazid, with their words and actions are also
committing a sin, and the Almighty Allah may send them to the same
place to which He sends such oppressive leaders.

I, Hussein, son of Ali ibne Abu Talib have selected my path, and I do
not care if I die for Islam. I will never give an oath of allegiance to a
man like Yazid, son of Muawiyah Ibne Abu Sufiyan.

With this reply, Imam Hussein (a.s) has taught us an important
lesson: To oppress is a sin and to not revolt when oppressed is also a
great sin.

As days went by, more and more soldiers were sent to Kerbala by
Ibne Ziyad to fight the small army of Hussein (a.s). It is said that
more than 20,000 fully armed soldiers were gathered in Kerbala to
kill Imam Hussein (a.s) and his small army of 72.

31
Can you imagine that; 20,000 to fight 72?

On the 7
th
of Muharram, Umar Saad used another ploy to make Imam
Hussein (a.s) give his oath of allegiance to Yazid.

He imposed restrictions on Imam Hussein (a.s) and his family and
companions getting water from the River Euphrates. No one from
Imam Husseins (a.s) camp was allowed near the river. There were
many young children in Imam Husseins (a.s) camp. Anyone else
would have given up his mission on hearing the cries of his beloved
young daughters, sons, nephews and nieces for water. But not Imam
Hussein (a.s).

Imam Hussein (a.s) was determined to carry on with his mission, at
any cost to himself or his beloved family. He was determined to save
Islam and please his Creator. Death in the path of the Almighty Allah
did not scare Imam Hussein (a.s) or his family.

On the night of 9
th
Muharram, Hur could hear the children on Imam
Husseins (a.s) camp crying for water. He became very restless and
felt guilty for his actions. He spent the night weeping and begging the
Almighty Allah to forgive him.

Allah is the Guardian of the believers. He takes them out of darkness
into light. (Surah al-Baqarah, 2:257).

This is what happened to Hazrat Hur.

Hur asked forgiveness and the Almighty Allah forgave Hur and
guided him from darkness into light, from wrong to right, from
falsehood to truth, from Hell to Heaven, from Yazid to Imam Hussein
(a.s).

On the morning of the 10
th
of Muharram, day of Ashura, Hur went to
Imam Hussein (a.s) and begged for his forgiveness. Imam Hussein
(a.s) gave a big hug to Hur and said, Hur, I forgive you. I assure you
that my grandfather, the Holy Prophet (s.a.w) also forgives you.
32

The Day of Ashura

On the morning of the 10
th
of Muharram, the day of Ashura, the
teenage son of Imam Hussein (a.s), Ali Akbar gave Adhan for Fajr
Prayers. Everyone prayed their Salah behind their living Imam, Imam
Hussein (a.s).

Soon after that, Umar Saad blew the trumpet to start the battle. He
threw the first arrow towards the companions of Imam Hussein (a.s).

Severe fighting continued till about noon. Hur went to the battle first.
He and most of the faithful companions of the Imam were martyred
by Zohr time.

Imam Hussein (a.s) offered the Zohr prayers along with his surviving
companions and family members in the form of an emergency prayer
of two rakats.

The fighting continued after the prayers.

One by one, the rest of Imams companions were also martyred.
Hazrat Aun and Mohamed, the two young sons of Lady Zainab,
Hazrat Qasim, son of Imam Hassan (a.s), Hazrat Ali Akbar, son of
Imam Hussein (a.s), and Hazrat Abbas, the faithful brother of Imam
Hussein (a.s), were also mercilessly martyred. The little baby Ali
Asgar, son of Imam Hussein (a.s) was also not spared.

The time came when Imam Hussein (a.s) was all alone.

He rode towards the enemy. There was a shower of arrows. He
ignored the arrows and rode on. He wanted to make one last effort,
not to save his life but to preach to Yazids followers and prevent
them from committing a major sin by killing the grandson of the
Almighty Allahs messenger. He stopped in the middle of the
battlefield and turned towards the enemy and spoke out in a loud
clear voice:
33

I do not fear death. Yazid will lose this battle because he loves the
life in this world. I will win because I love the life in the hereafter.

Dying for the sake of the Almighty Allah is a great honour for me.

This is my last try to save you from Fire of Hell. I am on the true path
to save Islam. Yazid wants to lead you away from Islam. Do not
follow him. You know I am the grandson of the Holy Prophet (s.a.w).
Do not kill the grandson of Allahs messenger. The Almighty Allah
will never forgive you!

Imam Hussein (a.s) continued:

Remember that when you see a ruler who is promoting what is
forbidden by the Almighty Allah and His Messenger, and oppresses
the people he rules, and if you do nothing to stop such a tyrant ruler
you are also committing a sin.

This final message of Imam Hussein (a.s) was not just for Yazids
men fighting against him on the day of Ashura, but it is a message for
all of mankind to follow after his huge sacrifice.

Yazids men did not follow Imam Husseins (a.s) advice and
murdered him brutally on that day of Ashura in Kerbala.

Mission to save Islam accomplished? Not yet.

The first part of the mission was bravely delivered by Imam Hussein
(a.s) and the 72 Martyrs of Kerbala on the day of Ashura.

Now begins the second part: the journey of more tearsthe journey
of tears to Kufa and Shaam.

By the grace of Almighty Allah, the huge sacrifice in Kerbala in the
Islamic year 61 A.H. has even today, after fourteen hundred years
34
have past, has still remained a LIVING HISTORY, and will remain
so till the Day of Judgement.

It has survived fourteen hundred years because of the way Imam
Husseins (a.s) message of sacrifice was delivered by the surviving
members of his brave family in Kufa and Shaam.

Read the next chapter to see how, despite many hardships and
persistent harassment, many trials and tribulations, the message of
Imam Husseins (a.s) sacrifice was delivered by his son, Imam Zainul
Abedin (a.s) and the rest of his family during their journeys and
imprisonment in Kufa and Shaam.












EVENTS AFTER KERBALA

On the day of Ashura, in the Islamic year 61 A.H., the mighty army
of 20,000 Yazids soldiers fought an unfair battle with 72 brave men.

The brave 72 men of Imam Hussein (a.s) killed thousands of Yazids
soldiers. But by Asr time, all 72, including Imam Hussein, were
brutally martyred on the land of Kerbala.

The only adult male survivor was our fourth Imam, Imam Zainul
Abedin (a.s). He was the 22 year old son of Imam Hussein (a.s) and
Jihad was Wajib on him. But he could not take part in the Jihad of
35
Kerbala because on that day, he was running a high fever and was in
a state of semi-unconsciousness. Jihad is not Wajib on those who are
ill.

Imam Zainul Abedins (a.s) illness

What made Imam Zainul Abedin (a.s) ill in Kerbala?

When Yazids soldiers cut off the supply of water reaching Imam
Husseins (a.s) tents from the 7
th
of Muharram, our fourth Imam,
Imam Zainul Abedin (a.s), desperately tried to dig a well. He was
concerned about the children in Imam Husseins (a.s) camp not
getting any water in such hot weather. He tried for several hours to
dig a deep hole in the dry sand to obtain water for the thirsty children.
The extreme heat made his task impossible. Despite trying for hours,
he did not succeed in digging a water-filled well.

The exhaustion and exposure to extreme heat made him very ill.
Maybe this was the way the Almighty Allah wanted to save Imamat.

After the death of the Holy Prophet (s.a.w), our Imams were the true
representatives of Almighty Allah on this earth and therefore were
gifted with the ability to perform miracles.

Imam Hussein (a.s) and Imam Zainul Abedin (a.s), the third and the
fourth Imam, could have obtained water in Kerbala by miraculous
means, but we must remember that, our divine Imams only
performed miracles for the benefit of others, and not for their own or
for their family gains. That is why, neither Imam Hussein (a.s) nor
Imam Zainul Abedin (a.s) obtained any water or food by miraculous
means, despite their young ones being hungry and thirsty for three
days in Kerbala.

The first night after Ashura day

What did Yazids soldiers do after they had mercilessly killed the 72
Martyrs in Kerbala? Did they go away and celebrate their killings on
the battlefield?
36

One would think that even the devil would halt in exhaustion after so
much evil. But that was not to be.

On Yazids orders, this is what his soldiers did:

The Martyrs heads were severed from their Holy bodies and
mounted on spears.

Imam Husseins (a.s) body was subjected to the ultimate insult of
being trampled on by the hooves of horses.

As the sun was setting in the horizon, Yazids soldiers rushed to
Imam Husseins (a.s) camp in search of booty. They looted every
tent.

Little Sakinas earrings were pulled off her ears, splitting her ear
lobes. Many children were trampled and killed by horses.

Every lady and every girl in Imam Husseins (a.s) camp was
stripped off their Hijab by Yazids men.

Ladies from the family of the Holy Prophet (s.a.w) of Islam, the
guardians of the Hijab itself were left with no Hijab. What a big
insult to Islam and the Holy Prophet (s.a.w)!

All men from Imam Husseins (a.s) camp, except one, were brutally
murdered. All the personal possessions belonging to the surviving
family of Imam Hussein (a.s) were looted. Surely they would stop
now. But they did not!

They set fire to all the tents in Imam Husseins (a.s) camp. No tent
was spared. The children and the ladies had their Hijab taken, and
had no place to hide.

37
Imam Hussein (a.s) had left his beloved sister Lady Zainab in charge
of the camp. What does she do now? Should she ask the ladies to die
inside the burning tents, than go out without their Hijab?

Lady Zainab had no easy answer to the problem they were put into,
because the ladies without their Hijab were no ordinary ladies, they
were Holy ladies from the family of the Holy Prophet (s.a.w).

Lady Zainab had no alternative but to turn to the Imam of the time.
Imam Zainul Abedin (a.s), though seriously ill, was the only person
who would give a decision in such a serious matter, because he was
the ruling Imam of the time.

Lady Zainab rushed to her nephew Imam Zainul Abedin (a.s), and
shook him hard to bring him out of his state of unconsciousness, and
asked him:

O my nephew, O Imam of the time! Please tell us what shall we do
in these circumstances? Our Hijab has been taken, all the tents are on
fire, shall we allow ourselves to be burnt by the fire or go out into the
open?

With great effort Imam Zainul Abedin (a.s) opened his eyes, and
replied to his aunt:

Aunt Zainab! It is our religious duty to do all we can to save our
lives. We must all leave the burning tents, and go out into the open,
however unpleasant it may be to us.

On hearing this, Zainab and her sister Kulsum led all the ladies and
children out of the burning tents.

Then Zainab remembered what her brother had told her:

My sister Zainab! I leave you in charge of the camp, after my death,
please look after them, and most importantly, look after my son,
Zainul Abedin, the Imam of the time.
38

Zainab and Kulsum rushed back to the tent and helped Imam Zainul
Abedin (a.s) to come out of his burning tent.

As the night descended, the night of Shaam-e-Gariba, the night of the
homeless, Zainab gathered all the ladies and children into one small
space between the burnt tents.

Imam Zainul Abedin (a.s) lay on the ground, still in a state of
semi-unconscious, surrounded by the widows and orphans of Kerbala
while Zainab stood on guard with a broken spear.

The children were still thirsty and hungry, but they had stopped
crying for water and food. They were crying for their fathers, uncles
and brothers.

Later on in the night, Hurs widow was allowed to bring some food
and water. The first thing the Holy Ladies asked her was: What
about our Hijab?

The children and ladies, though exhausted, spent the rest of that night
in a semi-sleep state. Children woke up throughout the night sobbing
for their fathers.

What happened next?

Journey to Kufa

Dawn broke out on the desolate sands of Kerbala. It was the 11
th
of
Muharram, the day after Ashura.

The mourning widows and orphans completed their morning prayers.

Imam Zainul Abedin (a.s) had partly recovered from his illness. After
performing Fajr Salah, he spent the rest of the dawn time in
SajdahGlorifying Almighty Allah.

39
Their hearts were full of grief, but still they all performed their Wajib
acts. A lesson for all of us: to perform our Wajib acts at all times.
They sacrificed their beloved ones so that we remember to perform
our Wajib acts and keep away from Haram acts.

Mourning for the Martyrs of Kerbala will not mean much if we
ignore our Wajib acts, for which our dear Imam gave his life.

We, the Shias, the lovers of Ahlulbayt, who perform their Wajib acts,
keep away from Haram acts and also mourn for the Martyrs will
surely be favoured by Allah in this world and the world hereafter.

The Shias, the true lovers of Ahlulbayt, provided they perform their
Wajibats and avoided Haram acts, will have a much easier journey on
the Day of Judgement, by the blessings of Lady Fatemah (a.s), the
daughter of the Holy Prophet (s.a.w).

After the fierce battle on the land of Kerbala on the Day of Ashura,
Yazids soldiers buried their dead ones with great respect, but would
not allow Imam Zainul Abedin (a.s) to bury his family, including his
father, Imam Hussein (a.s), the grandson of the Holy Prophet (s.a.w).

The Holy bodies of the family of the Holy Prophet (s.a.w) of Islam
and the other Martyrs of Kerbala were left on the sands of Kerbala,
without any ghusl, kafan or burial.

Imam Zainul Abedin (a.s) pleaded with Umar Saad to allow him to
bury his father, his uncles, his cousins and all the other martyrs, but
all his pleas were ignored. A son not allowed to bury his father. Can
you imagine how he must have felt? A very tragic situation.

On the same day, the day after Ashura, Umar Saad, the commander
of Yazid army walked over with a few of his soldiers to Imam
Husseins (a.s) camp.

Umar Saad, on the orders of Yazid, told his soldiers to take the entire
surviving family of the 72 Martyrs as prisoners.
40

Imam Zainul Abedin (a.s), the ladies and children were treated in a
very disrespectful manner.

The ladies and children were tied with ropes round their necks, hands
and feet. They were tied in such a way that, the ropes linked the
hands of the ladies with the necks of their young children.

Our ill Imam Zainul Abedin (a.s) was handcuffed and heavily
chained round his neck, hands and feet.

One by one, the ladies and children were mounted on camel backs
without any saddles, to make their journey uncomfortable.

A huge procession was prepared.

At the head of the procession was Umar Saad on his horse. Behind
him were a few foot soldiers, carrying lances upon which were
mounted the heads of Imam Hussein (a.s), Abbas, Ali Akbar, Qasim,
Aun-Mohammed, Hur, Habib Ibne Muzahir and all the other Martyrs.
Even little Ali Asgars head was not spared.

In the middle of the procession was our fourth Imam, handcuffed,
chained and exhausted with illness. He was made to walk on foot in
the beginning of the journey. Behind our Imam were the camels,
carrying the women and children. Shimr and the rest of the soldiers
were at the rear of this huge procession.

By the order of Ibne Ziyad, Governor of Kufa, who was following
orders from Yazid, the procession headed towards Kufa.

The suffering and tears for the Ahlulbayt continued on the journey to
Kufa.

The procession, by the order of Umar Saad went past the battlefield.

Imagine the tragic scene, and your heart will melt with sadness.
41

The children were made to see the trampled bodies of their fathers,
torn to pieces by the hooves of the horses.

Imagine, little Sakina made to see the trampled dead body of her
beloved father Imam Hussein (a.s) and uncle Abbas.

Imagine, the mothers; Umme Layla, Umme Farwa, Umme Rubab
and Lady Zainab made to see the torn bodies of their beloved
children, Ali Akber, Qasim, Ali Asgar, and Auno-Mohammed.

Imagine, Lady Zainab and Imam Zainul Abedin (a.s) made to go past
the body of Imam Hussein (a.s), covered with arrows and spears.

Indeed, the children, the mothers and the sisters of the Martyrs must
have felt great pain in seeing their beloved ones, lying on the hot
sands of Kerbala in such a terrible state. However, they all bore all
these sufferings with great patience because their goal was to expose
Yazids evil intent at any personal cost. All they prayed for to the
Almighty Allah was to give them strength and patience to perform
their duty to save Islam.

The journey to Kufa continued.

The camels were driven as fast as possible. Umar Saad and Shimr
were in a hurry to get their promised reward from Ibne Ziyad, for
killing the grandson of the Holy Prophet (s.a.w).

During this journey of tears to Kufa, many children fell off the
speeding camels and were left to die on the road.

Within hours of travelling from Kerbala, the procession reached
outside the gates of Kufa.

In Kufa

42
A courier was sent to the Governor Ibne Ziyad, to inform him of their
arrival. The courier returned with the message from the Governor that
all the preparations were completed and the procession should enter
the city, taken through the main streets and shopping bazaar
(marketplace) of the city.

The city was decorated with flags and banners, praising Yazid.

The people of Kufa had not been told the truth about the captives.
They were told that the rebels who wanted to attack their city and
capture them had been defeated at Kerbala, and that their women and
children were being brought into the city as prisoners.

The people of Kufa who believed this, and sadly many did, came out
to line the city streets to ridicule and jeer at the prisoners.

The procession slowly entered the city and began to move towards
the Governors Palace. A big crowd had gathered everywhere. Ladies
and children were standing in balconies and windows. They jeered
and shouted at the prisoners. Some even threw stones at the prisoners.

There were a few who knew the true identity of the prisoners, but had
no courage to raise their voice against the forces of tyranny for fear
that a similar fate would befall them.

Ahlulbayt are purified by the Almighty Allah and therefore faultless
and sinless. Enemies of Ahlulbayt are enemies of the Almighty Allah
and Islam. The people of Kufa, who watched and took no action to
stop the suffering of the Almighty Allahs most beloved creations,
the Ahlulbayt, will also be questioned by the Almighty Allah on the
Day of Judgement.

We must also remember that, it is very wrong to remain silent when
anyone is attacking our beloved Ahlulbayt.

The procession of Ahlulbayt, after extreme humiliation, eventually
reached the court of the Governor Ibne Ziyad.
43

The Governor Ibne Ziyad was seated on a throne and the prisoners
were asked to march into his presence.

The family of the Holy Prophet (s.a.w) with no Hijab, their hands and
feet tied, were forced to march in-front of glaring eyes of evil men.
How insulting for our poor Imam and the Holy Ladies?

In his speech, Ibne Ziyad called the Holy prisoners slaves, and made
a mockery of their condition while they were in his Courtyard.

Lady Zainab controlled herself all along and silently suffered the
insults being thrown at her by Ibne Ziyad. Her brother had advised
her to remain patient after his death.

On the other hand, Ibne Ziyads speech gave an opportunity to Imam
Zainul Abedin (a.s) to speak to people of Kufa who had gathered in
the Courtyard.

Imam Zainul Abedin (a.s), despite his mourning, exhaustion and
illness, spoke in a clear firm voice to inform the people of Kufa, who
they were and what Yazid had done to the Ahlulbayt, the family of
the Holy Prophet (s.a.w) in Kerbala.

Eventually, this very speech by Imam Zainul Abedin (a.s) in the
courtyard of Ibne Ziyad and other speeches given by the Imam in
Shaam and Madina were recorded in reliable Islamic history books,
and this is how we know today what happened in Kerbala, Kufa and
Shaam.

In one of the Maajalis, we will go through Imam Zainul Abedins
(a.s) speech in Kufa in detail.

Imam Zainul Abedins (a.s) mission to awake and let the Muslims
know about Imam Hussein (a.s) and his great sacrifice for Islam had
just begun.

44
Some of the people who had gathered in the court of Ibne Ziyad were
reduced to tears and shocked by Imam Zainul Abedins (a.s) speech.

Before the situation got out of control, Ibne Ziyad ordered his guards
to take the prisoners and lock them away.

The news of the true identity of the prisoners, and merciless
butchering of grandson of the Holy Prophet (s.a.w) reached the
people of Kufa, after Imam Zainul Abedins (a.s) speech in the
courtyard of Ibne Ziyad.

The people of Kufa were filled with sorrow. There was unrest in the
city. Ibne Ziyad feared that the people of Kufa might rise against him.

And therefore, after keeping the prisoners in a cramped, rundown and
cold prison that night; he ordered his Chief Commanders, Shimr and
Khooli, to take the prisoners hurriedly to Shaam the very next
morning.



Journey to Shaam

Once again the prisoners were assembled and the procession left for
Shaam. But this time, the departure was kept secret from the people
of Kufa.

The procession of Imam Zainul Abedin (a.s), Lady Zainab and Lady
Kulsum, mothers, widows and orphans of the Martyrs of Kerbala
with the heads of the 72 Martyrs left from the prison of Kufa before
dawn.

Once again, no Hijab, no saddles on the camels, ladies and
childrens hands tied tightly with ropes, and Imam Zainul Abedin
(a.s) handcuffed, heavily chained around his neck, hands and feet.

45
Another journey of more suffering and tears. The long journey to
Shaam.

The journey from Kufa to Shaam was a long one. It took over twenty
days.

The women and children were exhausted. Their suffering was great.
Quite often the children would faint under the burning desert heat and
fall off the camels.

Imam Zainul Abedin (a.s) was made to walk most of the way, with
the chains with sharp hooks digging into his neck, hands and feet.
Blood constantly dripped from his wounds.

Due to constant bleeding from his wounds, extreme heat and
exhaustion, our poor Imam used to fall down at every few steps.
Every time he stumbled and fell, some brute would jump down from
his horse and mercilessly whip him.

In Shaam

After travelling for more than 20 days, at long last the procession
reached the outskirts of Shaam.

A courier was sent to inform Yazid about their arrival, and to seek the
permission to lead the captives to his Palace. A message was sent to
Umar Saad by Yazid that, the prisoners were not to be brought into
the city until the next morning, so Yazid could complete all the
preparations.

What preparations?

Yazid had invited all the ambassadors, foreign dignitaries and leading
citizens to his lavishly decorated Palace. The streets through which
the captives were to be marched were decorated with flags and
banners, praising Yazid.

46
People of Shaam, who were not told the true identity of the prisoners,
were ordered to line up the streets. Musicians were asked to play
music and dancers were told to dance in the streets.

The next morning, the captives surrounded by the dancers, the
musicians and the jeering ignorant crowds of the citizens of Shaam,
were led toward the Palace of Yazid.

After a long march through the bazaar (marketplace), all the lanes
and by-lanes of the city of Shaam, they entered Yazids Palace and
were made to stand in front of Yazid and all his invited influential
guests.

There were over seven hundred local and foreign dignitaries in the
Courtyard. The tyrant Yazid was dressed in his best clothes.

Yazid held a glass of wine in one hand and a stick in the other,
ordered Imam Husseins (a.s) head to be brought closer to him. He
kept on stroking Imam Husseins (a.s) head.

Then, he parted the lips of the Holy Imam (a.s) with the stick and
recited recited an Ayat of the Holy Quran which means:

Allah grants honour to whom He pleases and brings disgrace to
whom He pleases.

Yazid was not just insulting Imam Hussein (a.s) but he also insulted
the Almighty Allah by misinterpreting the Ayat of the Holy Quran.

Lady Zainab could not stand it any more. She was filled with anger.
She whispered to Imam Zainul Abedin (a.s):

How dare Yazid misquote the Holy Quran and insult the Almighy
Allah by doing so!

How dare this drunkard man say such things about the beloved
grandson of the Holy Prophet of the Almighty Allah? How dare he,
47
with his Najis tongue, recite the Holy Quran? How dare he make a
mockery of the Imams head?

With the permission of Imam Zainul Abedin (a.s), Lady Zainab, the
daughter of Imam Ali (a.s), gave a speech in the Courtyard of Yazid,
in reply to Yazids insulting remarks. I will cover this powerful
speech by the courageous Lady Zainab in one of our Majaalis.

Lady Zainabs speech stunned the drunkard Yazid. The people
present there were moved by what this courageous lady had to say.

The situation in the Courtyard of Yazid was not going according to
Yazids plan.

Lady Zainabs mission to expose Yazids evil doings was taking
shape.

In an effort to save the situation turning harmful for him, Yazid
turned towards Imam Zainul Abedin (a.s) and said:

Well, you can tell us who has been victorious?

The reply our Imam gave to Yazid stunned him even more. He kept
on gulping down cup after cup of wine to soothe his tattered nerves.
All the people present in the Courtyard were murmuring words of
admiration for Imam Zainul Abedin (a.s).

On hearing the murmurs of admiration for Imam Zainul Abedin (a.s),
Yazid, despite his drunken state, got very scared. His raging head
saw the real threat of his own people in his Courtyard rising against
him in favour of Imam Zainul Abedin (a.s), the daring son of Imam
Hussein Ibne Ali (a.s).

What reply did Imam Zainul Abedin (a.s) give to Yazid to make him
shake in his boots? We will cover this stunning speech of Imam
Zainul Abedin in the Courtyard of Yazid in detail in one of our
Majaalis.
48

Before the situation got completely out of control for Yazid, his
cunning nature, which he had inherited from his crafty father,
Muawiyah, came to his rescue.

Pretending to be tired, he ordered the prisoners to be moved to a
prison immediately.

The place they were taken to was not a prison. It was a dark dungeon
of the fort of Shaam. Only part of it had any sort of ceiling. The rest
was open to the sky. It is here that our fourth Imam, under heavy
chains, the ladies and children spent nearly one whole year.

One frightful night of the 10
th
Safar 62 A.H., while still in the prison,
the little darling daughter of Imam Hussein (a.s) would not stop
crying the whole night, and eventually died in the prison of Shaam.
We devoted one whole Majaalis to little Sakinas death in the prison
of Shaam.

When little Sakina died and the people of Shaam came to learn that
she was Imam Husseins (a.s), the grandson of the Holy Prophets
(s.a.w) little girl, whom they had seen and her heard reciting Quran
by heart, had died, they began to talk openly about Yazids cruelty.

Yazids wife Queen Hinda, who knew Lady Zainab well while they
were together in Kufa during Imam Alis (a.s) Caliphate, also found
out the true identity of the prisoners, she and her son Muawiyah, also
forced Yazid to release the prisoners immediately.

Slowly but surely, Yazids true face and his evil intent was being
exposed by the family of Imam Hussein (a.s).

Yazid feared that the people of Shaam would rise against him, and
therefore he called Imam Zainul Abedin (a.s) and told him that he
was prepared to free them, and asked him whether they wanted to
remain in Shaam or return to Madina. Imam Zainul Abedin (a.s)
replied that he would consult his aunt Zainab.
49

Lady Zainab told Imam Zainul Abedin (a.s) that they would return to
Madina and told him to ask Yazid for two things.

Firstly, Yazid should give them back the heads of the Martyrs and
provide a house in Shaam so that they could hold gatherings,
Majaalis, to mourn the deaths of their loved ones.

Secondly, that they should be allowed to travel to Kerbala before
going on to Madina.

After some hesitation, Yazid who could see that, day by day, more
and more people were turning against him for what he had done to
the household of the Holy Prophet (s.a.w), and therefore agreed to
Lady Zainabs two requests.

Thus, in the very city of the murderer Yazid, Lady Zainab laid the
foundation of Maajalis and Matam of Imam Hussein (a.s), which has
continued to this day, and by Grace of Almighty Allah, will continue
till the Day of Judgement.

After seven days of Majaalis and Matam for the Martyrs of Kerbala
in the city of Yazid, Imam Zainul Abedin (a.s), the ladies and
children went to Kerbala with heads of the Martyrs of Kerbala.

Return to Madina via Kerbala

Defeated and scared of uprising, Yazid this time arranged for Imam
Zainul Abedin (a.s), the ladies and children to travel in comfort.
Unlike their journeys from Kerbala to Kufa and to Shaam, this time
the ladies were not without their Hijab nor were they mounted on
unsaddled camels or their hands tied.

They arrived in Kerbala on the 20
th
Safar 62 A.H. (according to most
historians), the 2nd Arbaeen or Chehlum Day.

You can imagine, the painful memory flashbacks and suffering of
Imam Zainul Abedin (a.s), Lady Zainab, Lady Kulsum and the other
50
mothers of Martyrs of Kerbala when they arrived in Kerbala. This
heart breaking event is narrated in the Majaalis for Arbaeen.

After burying the heads of the Martyrs, and few days of mourning in
Kerbala, they decided to return to Madina.

The journey back to Madina was slow and painful.

They reached the outskirts of Madina on 10
th
Rabi ul Awal, in the
Islamic Year 62 A.H. When the city came within view from hills
surrounding Madina, Imam Zainul Abedin (a.s) instructed his
companions, who were with him, to go to Madina and erect two large
tents just outside the city.

The next morning they reached the tents. Imam Zainul Abedin (a.s)
sat in one tent and Lady Zainab in the other. Then, a messenger was
sent to tell the people of Madina that Imam Zainul Abedin (a.s) and
the granddaughters of the Holy Prophet (s.a.w) had arrived.

The people of Madina, eagerly awaiting their arrival, rushed to the
tents to meet them.

The men of Madina sat with Imam Zainul Abedin (a.s) and the
women sat with Lady Zainab, and heard the full details of what
happened in Kerbala, Kufa and Shaam.

This weeping and Matam in Madina, for the Martyrs of Kerbala,
went on for days.

Remember the eight-year old daughter of Imam Hussein (a.s),
Fatemah Sugra, who was left behind in Madina by her father, because
she was too ill to travel with them.

Fatemah Sugra also came to meet her brother Imam Zainul Abedin
(a.s) and her aunt Zainab. She rushed into the tents to see where her
father, her uncle Abbas, her sister Sakina, her brothers, Ali Asgar, Ali
Akbar and her cousins Auno Mohammed and Qasim were?

51
Can you imagine how she must have felt when she could not find any
of them in the tents and was eventually told that they were all killed
in Kerbala?

The message of the massacre in Kerbala of grandson of the Holy
Prophet (s.a.w) and his family on Ashura day by Yazids men, has
been delivered to the people of Kufa, Shaam and Madina.

End of Yazids Rule

Imam Husseins (a.s) mission was finally accomplished by his
surviving family members. Yazid and his evil doings were exposed.
The eventual victory was Imam Husseins (a.s). Yazid was truly
defeated in accomplishing his plan to destroy Islam. Islam was saved
by Imam Hussein (a.s), his family and his faithful companions.

What happened next? What happened to Yazid and his companions?

Following the return of the survivors of Kerbala, and hearing about
the tragic events that took place in Kerbala, Kufa and Shaam, a group
of prominent people from Madina were sent to Shaam to investigate
and report back on Yazid.

Whilst in Shaam, these people from Madina were offered bribes by
Yazids men to give a favourable report, but they did not accept any
favours and reported the truth.

Their conclusion was:

Yazid was dishonest, corrupt, a drunkard, a gambler and was
openly breaking and mocking Islamic ways.

It was wrong and unforgivable for the people of Madina to have
given and to continue giving their Baiat, an oath of allegiance, to
Yazid.

The people of Madina should immediately disapprove and
withdraw their Bai'at to Yazid.
52

Most of the people of Madina followed the advice and withdrew their
support and allegiance to Yazid. People of Mecca and many other
areas in the Arabian countries did the same thing; withdrew their
support and allegiance to Yazid; Yazids rule was crumbling!

Yazid did try to bring back Madina and Mecca into his rule but now
the Muslims everywhere were awakened by Imam Husseins (a.s)
sacrifice and Yazid was unable to regain control over Kufa, Madina,
Mecca and so on.

After the tragedy of Kerbala, Yazid never got peace of mind nor
sound sleep. He was cursed with an incurable disease; he had a
constant undying thirst; no amount of water could satisfy his 24 hours
a day thirst! Yazid was in no doubt that his incurable illness was due
to his evil doings against Imam Hussein (a.s).

As often narrated (but not in any main historical book), on the 12
th

Rabil Awaal 64 A.H., just 3 years and 3 months after the tragedy of
Kerbala, Yazid went on one of his frequent hunting trips, with about
ten of his personal bodyguards. He spotted an unusual handsome
deer, the like of which he had never seen before (Did the Almighty
Allah send it to trap him?). He ordered his bodyguards to hold back
while he alone tried to hunt the deer. He tried for two days to trap the
deer but the deer always managed to run away from him.

When Yazid did not return to his bodyguards for two days, they went
to search for him. They found him dead, his body severely savaged
by wild dogs.

After Yazids death, his son Muawiyah, who was nothing like his
father, was offered the Caliphate, but he openly refused it because of
the shame he felt about his fathers evil doings. He was nevertheless
forced to accept it but he refused to step out of his Palace because of
the shame he felt for his fathers sins.

53
After about only eighteen days, he was murdered by his own family
members. Why? I suggest you read an excellent book Mukhtar by
Dr M H Datoo.

Just before the tragedy of Kerbala took place, Mukhtar, a firm
supporter of Ahlulbayt, was put in prison in Kufa by Ibne Ziyad for
supporting Muslim Ibne Aqeel.

After the death of Yazid, Mukhtar with Mohamed Hanafiya, the
stepbrother of Imam Hussein (a.s), took the permission of Imam
Zainul Abedin (a.s) to find and avenge all those who committed
horrible crimes against Ahlulbayt in Kerbala, Kufa and Shaam.
Imam Zainul Abedin (a.s) gave his permission and full blessing.

With vast support from thousands of people from all over Arabia,
Mukhtar hunted down all the criminals responsible in Kerbala and
executed them.

Whenever the people who participated in the crimes at Kerbala, Kufa
and Shaam were caught, Mukhtar used to ask them to tell the people
exactly what they did there before he hanged them. This way, no
innocent person was executed. Also, it is because of this that we have
got so much detail of the crimes committed in Kerbala.

Umar Saad, Shimr, Hurmala, Kohli and eventually Ibne Ziyad were
all caught and killed.

By the 10
th
of Muharram, 67 A.H., just six years after the tragedy of
Kerbala, all the criminals who took part in the crimes against
Ahlulbayt in Kerbala, Kufa and Shaam were killed by Mukhtar.

Who wonYazid or Imam Hussein (a.s)?

A battle is fought to achieve a goal. The winner is the one who
achieves his goal.

54
Yazid wanted to dismantle Islam. Yazid wanted to destroy Quran
and the Holy Prophets (s.a.w) traditions. Yazid wanted to wipe out
Ahlulbayt.

Imam Hussein (a.s) wanted to save Islam, Quran and the Holy
Prophets (s.a.w) traditions.

Is Quran still with us? Is Islam still with us? Are the Holy Prophets
(s.a.w) traditions still with us? Are Ahlulbayt still with us? Yes
YesYes and Yes!

Now, you decide who won? Yazid or Imam Hussein (a.s)?

In fact, the matter of truth is that, many evil leaders, who were
against Ahlulbayt, came to power after Yazid, but no one dared
tamper with laws of Islam because of the fear of what happened after
the tragedy of Kerbala.

The Martyrs of Kerbala and their families achieved everlasting
victory for Islam.

We, the Shias, friends and lovers of Ahlulbayt commemorate this
great victory of Imam Hussein (a.s) and Lady Zainab every year with
Azadari for all the Martyrs of Kerbala and their families, especially
during the months of Muharram and Safar.

Our Azadari, ongoing for nearly fourteen hundred years, is in the
form of Majaalis, Tears, Matam, Julus, Tabut, Alam, Jula, Saabil,
Niyaz and vast donations to Islamic Centres named after the
Ahlulbayt.

Why are we continuing with this Azadari of Imam Hussein (a.s) and
his family? Read the last chapter to find out why this Azadari is
important.

The next part of this book is written in the form of Majaalis, in a
spoken style form so that it can be used especially by children to
recite majaalis aloud at gatherings.
55





















KHUTBO

To be recited before the beginning of each Majaalis


I begin in the name of Almighty Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful.

Praise to Almighty Allah, who created the Universe,
with the heavens above and the earth below.

Praise to Almighty Allah, who created all creatures,
big and small, angels and human beings.

Peace and blessingsbe upon Almighty Allahs last,
and the best of all His Prophets, Prophet Mohammed (s.a.w),
to whom the Holy Quran was revealed.
56

Peace and blessingsbe upon the Prophets beloved daughter,
Lady Fatemah Zehra (a.s), the leader of all women,
past, present and future.

Peace and blessingsbe upon
all the twelve true successors of the Holy Prophet,
Imam Ali Ibne Abu Talib (a.s) being the first one and
Al Mahdi (a.s)being the twelfth one,
who is alive but out of our sight by the command of Almighty Allah.

Mercy and blessings of Almighty Allah be upon all of you.

Salamun Alaikum.






MAJAALIS 1

THE FIRST NIGHT AFTER ASHURA


Please recite the small Khutbo on page 56
at the beginning of each Majaalis


The 10
th
of MuharramThe day of Ashura It was the most tragic
day in the history of mankind.

On the land of Kerbala, Imam Hussein, his close companions, his
brother Abbas, his sonsAli Akber and Ali Asgar, his
57
nephewsQasim, Aun and Mohammed72 in totalbravely
sacrificed their livespurely to save Islam.

All, except one adult male in Imam Husseins campwere brutally
murdered on Ashura Day in Kerbala.

After these brutal murders by Yazids menImam Husseins and all
the other Martyrs heads were cut off from their bodies...and then,
their bodies were left to be trampled on by horses.

Imam Zainul Abedin, the 23 year old son of Imam Hussein, survived
the massacre on the day of Ashura, only becausehe could not go to
the battlefieldhe could not take part in the Holy war due to his
illness. Imam Zainul Abedin was semi-unconscious on that day of
Ashura in the Islamic year 61 A.H.

After brutally murdering the 72 men and childrenwhat did Yazids
men do? Did they let the Martyrs sisters, widows and orphans mourn
in peace?

No

On the night of Ashura after sunset, Yazids soldiers on their huge
horses returned to Imam Husseins camp.

They went to each tent and pulled off the Hijab from all the ladies.
The ladies of the household of the Holy Prophet of Islam were left
with no Hijab, by those men, who called themselves the followers of
the Holy Prophet. What a bunch of Hypocrites!

Can you imaginehow dreadful the Holy ladies must have felt to be
without their Hijab? In fact, being forced to be without their Hijab
hurt them the most out of all the sufferings they were put through,
after Ashura.

The Holy ladies cried bitterlyand pleaded with Yazids men:

58
Pleasetake everythingbut please dont take our Hijabwe are
the family of the Holy Prophetwe are the guardians of Hijab.

But the cruel men of Yazid ignored their pleas.

After snatching the ladies most precious belongingtheir Hijab,
Yazids men also looted all their other personal and sentimental
belongings too. Do you know they even took away baby Asgars
cradle?

The suffering of the ladies and children of the 72 Martyrs did not stop
there.

One by one, they set alight all their tents.

The frightened ladies and children ran from one tent to another,
trying to save themselves from being burnt alive in the raging fire.

Can you imagine the commotionthis must have caused?

There were no husbands, brothers or fathers to put the fire outor
help the ladies and children to escape safely from the raging fire.
Every tent was burnt down.

Some of the children ran from one tent to another, to escape from
being burnt alive, were trampledand killed by galloping horses.

The poor Mothers of Kerbala, their husbands killedand now their
children killed tooright in front of their eyes.

Allaho AkberWhat a tragic situation.

Tears will flow from your eyeswhen you hear what happened next.

Little Sakina, the darling daughter of Imam Hussein was there too.
She also ran from one tent to another. Her dress caught fire.

59
No one was there too help little Sakina. She cried for her uncle Abbas
to come and help her, but Abbas was lying by the riverboth his
hands cut off. How can he help Sakina?

Little Sakina ran toward the battlefieldwhere her father was lying
dead.

Shimr, the most evil man in Yazids army saw Sakina. Do you know,
instead of helping her, what he did? He chased Sakinagot to
herand then ripped her earrings offmaking her ears bleed.
Sakinas ears bled for days after that.

Ya Allah! Poor little Sakina, who was loved and looked after so
much, by her father Hussein and her uncle Abbas, was in such a
desperate situation. They never let her suffer in any way while they
were alive, but look nowhow much she was sufferingand this
was only the beginning of her many sufferings after her fathers
death.

Lady Zainab saw Sakina running around, her dress on fire, her ears
bleedingshe quickly rushed to help her.

Zainab put the fire out from Sakinas dressand then took her
lovingly in her arms

Sakina burst out cryingand said

Aunty Zainab! Aunty ZainabI want to go to my fatherI want to
go to my uncle Abbas. Please aunty! Take me to my fathertake me
to my uncle Abbas. I promiseI will never ask for water again.

Zainabs eyes turned towards Imam Zainul Abedins tentit was
burning too. Imam Zainul Abedin was inside, lying semi-unconscious
on his bed, too ill to move himself out of the burning tent. If nothing
was donethe poor Imam would be burnt to death.

60
Zainab remembered what her brother Imam Hussein had told her, just
before he went to the battlefield. This is what Imam Hussein had told
Zainab

My dear sister Zainab! After my death, I leave you in charge of my
camp. Sister Zainab! Your main task will be to protect my son Zainul
Abedin, because, he will be the Imam after my death.

Brave Zainab, was so much like her brave father Imam Ali, rushed to
Imam Zainul Abedins burning tentand with the help of her sister
Kulsum, dragged her nephew out to safety.

The suffering of the first night after Ashura was not yet finished

Zainab, with the help of her sister Kulsum, gathered all the ladies and
children around Imam Zainul Abedinin one small area, a short
distance away from the burning tents.

Later on, in the night Hazrat Hurs wife brought little food and water.

The mothers were grateful to Hurs wife for the food and water but
the first thing they said wasWhat about our Hijabcan we have
them back please?

The children had some food and waterand went to sleep on the
sands of Kerbala, with nothing to protect them from the cold winds at
night. They kept on waking throughout the night, frightened and
screamingfor their fathers, brothers and unclesto come to their
help.

Can you imagine the nightthe night of the homelessthe night of
Shaam-e-Gariba a cold and frightful nightindeed a very sad
night.

This was little Sakinas first night without her dear father. As you all
know; little Sakina had a habit of sleeping on her fathers chest every
night.

61
That night, Sakina cried the whole nightwhispering

Father! You know I cant go to sleep, without laying my head on
your chest. Please father! Come and take me with you. Your little
Sakina cannot live without you.

Zainab, with the help of her sister Kulsum kept watch the whole
night. The widows and orphans of Kerbala spent a very restless
and uneasy first night on the land of Kerbalawith no shelter to
protect them from the cold night of the desertand worst of allno
husbands, fathers, brothers and uncles to comfort them. They were
lying on the sands of Kerbalawith no ghusl, kafan or burial.

INNA LILLAHE WA INNA ELAIHE RAJEOON!

Indeed we are Allahsand indeed unto Him we shall return!

Please recite Sure Fateha.


To conclude this Majaalis of Azadari, I suggest, if possible, recite a
Nawha and do Matam for I mam Hussein (a.s) and his family
Then recite the ZI YARAT printed in this book on page 176
MAJAALIS 2

THE FIRST DAY AFTER ASHURA


Please recite the small Khutbo on page 56
at the beginning of each Majaalis


The day of Ashura was the most tragic day in the history of mankind.

Imam Husseins small army of 72 were ruthlessly killed by Yazids
20,000 soldiers on that day. Imam Hussein, his companions, his
62
brothers, including Abbas, his two sonsAli Akber and baby Ali
Asgar, and his young nephews Qasim, Aun and Mohammed were
all martyred on this day of Ashura.

The only adult to survive the massacre was his son Imam Zainul
Abedin. He could not take part in the Holy War because he was too
ill to even get out of his bed.

After these brutal murders by Yazids menImam Husseins and all
the other Martyrs heads were cut off from their bodies...and then,
their bodies were trampled on by horses.

After brutally murdering the 72 men and childrenwhat did Yazids
men do? Did they let the Martyrs sisters, widows and orphans mourn
in peace?

No

The same night, Yazids men came to the camp of the Martyrs
families.

They looted the families of all their belongingsthey even snatched
their Hijab.

Thenone by one, they burnt all their tentsleaving the families of
the 72 Martyrs to spend the night on cold open space.

The next daythe day after Ashura11
th
of Muharram, in the
Islamic year 61 A.H.

In every custom and culture, one visits a family to comfort them for
the death of their loved onesnormally for forty days. This was the
first day after the death of the 72 Martyrs

Did anyone come to the ladies or Imam Zainul Abedin, the family of
the Holy Prophet, to comfort them for the loss of their loved ones?

63
Nonot a single person came to see and comfort the family of the
Holy Prophet, for losing so many of their loved ones, in one single
day.

Very sadisnt it?

Did Yazids men leave the Martyrs families in peaceto mourn
their dead ones?

Nothey did not leave them for even one single day in peaceso
that they could mourn the death of their brothers, fathers, uncles and
sons.

As soon as the sun rose, Umar Saad, the Commander in charge of
Yazids army came with some of his men to where Imam Zainul
Abedin, Zainab, Kulsum and the widows and orphans were.

He went straight to Imam Zainul Abedin, who had gained back part
of his consciousnessand spoke to him in a harsh and very
disrespectful manner:

Alison of Hussein! I have received orders from Ibne Ziyad, the
Governor of Kufa, to take youthe women and children to Kufa as
prisoners.

Did you hear what Umar Saad said? He was taking themas
prisoners.

Why take them as prisoners? What crimes had they committed? It
should be Yazids menwho should be locked up for their horrible
crimes.

Imam Zainul Abedin replied to Umar Saadvery politely, he said:

Umar Saad! We have no choice but to agree to your Governors
orders. But before we depart for Kufacan I please be allowed to
64
give ghusal, kafan and bury my father, my uncles, my brothers, my
cousinsand all the companions of my father?

A very simple request by a son to bury his father, who was the
beloved grandson of the Holy Prophet. Would you not say so?

But, Umar Saad did not allow Imam Zainul Abedin to bury his father
or any other Martyrs.

You can imaginehow hurtful that must have been for our Imam
not to be allowed to give ghusal, kafan or even bury his father.

What happened next?

More heartachemore tears for the widows and orphans of
Kerbala

Umar Saad ordered his men to tie the womens hands and feet
together with the necks of their young children, with one long
single rope.

Do you know how cruel this isto tie adults and children with one
single rope? If one of them fellthe rope pulled on the otherand if
an adult fell, the rope pulled on the childrens neckschoking them.

And our poor Imam, who was just recovering from his illness, was
handcuffed and heavily chained around his hands, feet and neck.

Yeschained like a dangerous criminal.

The weight of the chains dragged our Imams backhe could hardly
move.

Normally, a prisoners chain would have sharp hooks pointing
outwards, but the chains used to tie our Imam neck, hands and feet
had sharp hooks pointing inwards. These sharp hooks dug into the
65
Imams flesh, making him bleed all the time. Blood trickled
constantly from Imam Zainul Abedins skin.

The ladies and children tiedand Imam Zainul Abedin chained from
top to bottomwhat happened next?

A long procession was prepared to take Imam Zainul Abedin, the
ladies and childrenon the journey to Kufa.

Umar Saad rode on his horse in the front, followed by a few foot
soldiers, holding long spears on which were pierced and raised
highthe heads of Imam Hussein, Abbas, Ali Akber, Qasim,
Auno-Mohammed, Hur, Habib, John and the rest of the Martyrs.
Little Ali Asgars head was also on the spear.

Yesbaby Asgars head was also perched high on the spear. But
wasnt baby Asgars body buried by his parents, Imam Hussein and
Lady Rubabwith their own hands?

Yesafter Ali Asgar was slaughtered on the day of Ashura by a
huge arrowhis parents Imam Hussein and Lady Rubab, with their
own handsburied their baby in a small grave, behind the tents.

Then how comebaby Asgars head was on the spear?

My fellow lovers of Ahlulbaytyour heart will tear aparttears will
flow from your eyeswhen you hear how baby Asgars grave was
found.

Shimr was the most cruel and evil man in Yazids army. On the day
of Ashura, one by one, Shimr found the bodies of all the
Martyrsand then cut their heads off.

Shimr could not find the little body of baby Ali Asgar on the
battlefield. Thereforehe went looking for it and he reached the
spot where Ali Asgar was buried in a small, shallow grave. And
then
66

Allaho Akber! What he did next was not just cruelit was more than
cruel.

Shimr, the evil monster pushed his spear through the tiny grave of Ali
Asgarhe pulled the little body from the graveand then very
cruelly cut off the tiny head of baby Ali Asgar.

What a dreadful thing to do!

I can see tears in your eyesbut I want you to pause for a moment
and think about Ali Asgars mother

Mother Rubab had buried her baby with our hands on the day of
Ashuraand today, a day after Ashura, she sees the head of her baby
on a spearthe heartache she must have felt is unimaginable.

Let us move on and hear what further suffering the Ahlulbayt had to
bear to save Islamon the first day of Ashura. The more you hear
about itthe more you will appreciate their huge sacrifice.

The procession to Kufa was prepared by Umar Saad and his men; all
the Martyrs heads perched on spearsand were lined up in this
procession.

Imam Zainul Abedin, dragged down by the heavy chains was placed
behind the Martyrs heads. He was made to walk on foot for a
whileto make him suffer as much as possible. Every step he took,
the hooks dug into his fleshmaking him bleed.

The preparation continuedfor the long procession to Kufa

Behind the Imam were few camels with no saddles on their backs.

Umar Saads men ordered the ladies and children to get on these bare
camels

67
Remember their hands were tied with ropes and there was no
Imam Hussein, Ali Akber, Abbas, Qasim or Auno-Mohammed to
help them to get on these camels.

But Zainab and Kulsum were thereand they, despite their own
hands also tied, helped the other ladies and children to get on the
camels. Zainab and Kulsum, the grand daughters of the Holy Prophet
were whipped to hurry them up. They remembered and weepedthe
day when they travelled from Madinatheir brothers Imam Hussein
and Abbas, their nephews Ali Akber and Qasim and sons Auno-
Mohammed, were there to help them mount the camels.

Eventually, after several falls they all managed to mount the camels.

At the end of the procession was evil Shimr on his huge horse,
followed by the rest of his soldiersall riding comfortably on their
saddled horses while the family of the Holy Prophet were made to
ride on camels with no saddles.

The procession was now readyto depart for Kufa.

It was an early morning of the 11
th
of Muharram, just one day after
Ashura. The journey to Kufa began

What happened next?

When you hear what happened nextyour heart would cry
outYazids men were evil, cruel and heartless

By the order of Umar Saad, the procession was taken through the
battlefieldyes through the battlefieldwhere lay the bodies of the
72 Martyrs

I would like you to focus your hearts and minds on this tragic
scenario

68
Imagine the battlefield of Kerbala on it lies the headless young
bodies of Aun-Mohammed, Zainabs two sons.

Imagine the battlefield of Kerbala on it lies the headless young
body of Umme Farwas son Qasim, torn into pieces.

Imagine the battlefield of Kerbala and River Furaat on the bank of
the river lies little Sakinas uncle Abbashis body has no arms.

And on the battlefield of Kerbala lies the body of teenage Ali
Akber toohis chest burst open by a broken spear blade.

Yes Imam Husseins body is there too! His head cut off with a
daggerhis Holy body covered with hundreds of arrows and spears.

Between all these headless and torn bodiesthere is also tiny
butchered body of Umme Rubabs six month old baby Ali
Asgarhis head missing too.

What a distressing scenefor anyone to see!

What about those motherswho were made to see the bodies of their
children in such a horrible state?

Umme Farwa, Umme Layla, Umme Rubab and Zainabseeing their
children lying headlessand their bodies trampled by horses and
torn to pieces.

I am sureyou can imaginethe severe heartache they must have
felt seeing their dear children lying in such a condition. No words
can describe how much pain those Mothers of Kerbala must have
felt...seeing their children in such horrid conditions.

Any other mother would have prayed for a curse of the Almighty
Allah, on those who had killed their children in such a horrible
waybut not the great Mothers of Kerbalathey prayed to the
69
Almighty to give them more patience to complete Imam Husseins
mission of saving Islam.

The Ahlulbayt were no ordinary people. They were totally devoted to
Islamand thats why we love them so much. How can we ever
mourn and thank them enough for their huge sacrifices?

Let us all salute them

O Mothers of Kerbala! We salute you with all our heartfor your
huge sacrifice! Please accept our humble gratitude for your huge
sacrifice to save the Holy Quran and our Wajib acts...like Salah. We
will never forget your huge sacrificeWe will remember and mourn
for your children until Qiyamat.

Now let us focus our hearts and minds, on the Daughter of Kerbala
little Sakina, the 3 year old daughter of Imam Hussein.

Sakina too saw the bodies of her father Hussein, uncle Abbas and her
baby brother Asgar. My heart breaks into pieces, just to think
abouthow she must have felt to see her beloved father, uncle Abbas
and baby brother Asgarin such tragic conditions.

She could be heard, with tears flowing from her little eyes,
whispering to her mother

Mum! Tell uncle Abbas to come back. Mum! Tell himI will never
ask him for water again. Mum! I want my uncle Abbas

Now let us focus our hearts and minds on Imam Zainul Abedin who
was made to walk on footheavily handcuffed and chained from top
to bottom.

Imam Zainul Abedin sees his fathers body...headless and covered
with spears and arrows. A 23-year-old son sees his fathers
bodylying without ghusal, kafan and not buried. Can you imagine
how he must have felt?
70

Imam Zainul Abedin felt deep pain in his heart; his whole body
shook with the torture he was put through, of seeing his beloved
fatherlying on the sands of Kerbalawith no kafan and burial.

Ya Allah! As his whole body trembled with griefthe sharp hooks
around his neck, hands and feet dug even more deeply into his flesh.
So much blood oozed from his skin; he could have died from loss of
so much bloodour Imam was in a state of shock

Zainab saw her nephews condition. The Imams life was in danger.
Zainab was given a task by her brother to save Imamatshe had to
do something to save Imam Zainul Abedins life...the life of an Imam
of the time.

To take Imam Zainul Abedins attention away from his fathers body,
Zainab made herself fall off her camel.

Imagine Zainabs fall from the camel. Remember her hands were
tiedand therefore she could not use her hands to cushion her fall
from such a heightshe fell onto the ground with the whole of her
body taking a huge blow...the fall must have hurt Zainab a lot.

Imam Zainul Abedin heard the loud noise of Zainab falling off her
camel. He turned toward her and cried out:

Aunty Zainab! Aunty Zainabare you all right?

Imam Zainul Abedins mind was now focused on his aunt
Zainabhe stopped trembling...

Zainab replied Yes, I am fine my nephew.

Zainab got back on the cameland the procession moved on towards
Kufa.

71
Umar Saad and his mens cruelty on the Imam, the ladies and
children continued throughout the journey to Kufa.

Every time, our poor Imam fell due to exhaustion, he was whipped
back to his feet.

The camels were driven as fast as possible. Some of the young
children could not hold on to their mothers necks, because of the
speed at which the camels were driven, and their mothers could not
hold them because their hands were tied. Many children fell off their
camels during this journey to Kufaand were left to die on the
road...

INNA LILLAHE WA INNA ELAIHE RAJEOON!

Indeed we are Allahsand indeed unto Him we shall return!

Please recite Sure Fateha.


To conclude this Majaalis of Azadari, I suggest, if possible, recite a
Nawha and do Matam for Imam Hussein (a.s) and his family
Then recite the ZI YARAT printed in this book on page 176


MAJAALIS 3

STREETS AND BAZAAR OF KUFA


Please recite the small Khutbo on page 56
at the beginning of each Majaalis


The topic of todays Majaalis is The continuous suffering of the
Ahlulbayt in the city of Kufa.
72

First let us, briefly recall the tragic events, that brought the Ahlulbayt
in Kufa, in the Islamic year 61 A.H.

The 10
th
of Muharramthe day of AshuraThe most tragic day in
the history of mankind.

On the day of Ashura, on the land of Kerbala, Imam Hussein and his
close companions, his brother Abbas, his sons Ali Akber and Ali
Asgar and his nephews QasimAun and Mohammed72 in total,
bravely sacrificed their lives purely to save Islam.

All, except one adult male in Imam Husseins camp were brutally
murderedon the Ashura day in Kerbala.

After the brutal murder of the 72, by the order of Yazid, Imam
Hussein and all the other Martyrs heads were cut off from their
trampled bodies. They were so cruelly killed because; Imam Hussein
refused to endorse the drunkard and tyrant Yazid as the guiding ruler
of Islam.

Imam Zainul Abedin, a 23 year old son of Imam Hussein survived
the massacre because, he could not go to the battlefield on that day.
He was unconscious on the day of the Holy War to save Islam from
being dismantled by evil Yazid.

After killing the innocent 72, Yazids men looted the 72 Martyrs
families of all their belongings. They even snatched the ladies most
valued belongingtheir Hijab.

After the looting, Yazids men burnt all their tents. The families of
the 72 Martyrs were made homeless.

In one single day, so many ladies had become widows, so many
children had become orphans and now homelesstheir tents burnt to
the ground.

73
More heartache and torture for the Ahlulbayt followed

The next morning of the 11
th
of Muharram, Imam Zainul Abedin was
handcuffed and heavily chained from top to bottomand the ladies
and the childrens hands and feet were tied.

By the order of Ibne Ziyad, the evil Governor of Kufa the families of
the 72 Martyrs were taken as prisoners, in a long procession, from
Kerbala to Kufa. Ibne Ziyad was promised a huge reward by Yazid
for bringing the heads of 72 Martyrs and their families as prisoners to
him in Shaam.

Imam Zainul Abedin was made to walk on foot during most of the
journey to Kufa, and because of the heavy load of chains tied to his
neck, arms and legs, many times; he stumbled and fell during this
journey. Every time he fell, Yazids cruel men would whip him back
on his feet. Our poor Imams body bled constantly from the wounds,
inflicted by chains and constant whipping.

The camels which carried the ladies and children were also whipped,
to make them go faster. Many young children fell off the camels
during this journey and were just leftto die on the road.

The long journey on camels, from Kerbala to Kufa should have taken
at least one whole day. But because the camels were driven as fast as
possible, the procession of the Ahlulbayt arrived at the gates of the
city of Kufa within a few hours.

It was midday on the 11
th
of Muharram when the Holy prisoners
reached at the gates of city of Kufa.

High on the gates were the heads Muslim Ibne Aqeel, Imam
Husseins cousin, and his two sons.

The head was placed on the gate to warn those coming to Kufa that
if anyone dare challenge the rule of Yazid, their heads would be cut
off like Muslim Ibne Aqeels and his two sons.
74

Zainab saw the head of her cousin Muslim Ibne Aqeel and was quite
upsetand looked up at the sky

She saw the vision of her brother Hussein telling her

NoZainab! Do not curse thempray to the Almighty Allah to
give you patienceIslam needs your patienceand remember my
sister Zainabthe Almighty Allah grants success to those, who
remain on the right path and bear all the hardships with patience

Zainab prayed to Almighty Allah to give them patience and more
patience to bear all their hardships on the path of Islam.

The people of Kufa were not told the true identity of the prisoners.
They were told that some rebels tried to attack and conquer their city,
and these rebels were defeated and killed in Kerbala. And the
prisoners brought to their city were the rebels families.

The Martyrs and their families were presented to the people of Kufa
as the criminals and the wrongdoers.

Most of the people of Kufa believed what they were told, and on that
day when the Holy prisoners arrived to the city of Kufa

Thousands of men, women and children were told to gather around
the streets and the marketplace of Kufa.

The procession of Ahlulbayt was made to walk through these streets
and marketplace. It was a very hot day. Imam Zainul Abedin,
handcuffed and heavily chained... Zainab, Kulsum and the rest of the
families of the 72 Martyrs their hands tied were all paraded
through these streets and bazaar.

Zainab and Kulsum, the granddaughters of the Holy Prophet were put
on show, without their Hijab. Being paraded without their Hijab, hurt
Lady Zainab and Kulsum the most.
75

The heads of the Martyrs, lanced on the spears, were also paraded
through the streets and marketplace of Kufa. The head of Imam
Hussein, the beloved grandson of the Holy Prophet, on display, how
dreadful!

If only the people of Kufa, who were mainly Muslims, knew what
they were seeing.

But the people of Kufa, had no idea of the real identity of the
prisoners and the heads on displayjeered and shouted abuses at
Imam Zainul Abedin, Zainab, Kulsum, Umme Rubab, Umme Layla,
and Sakinaand at the heads of the Martyrs.

Muslims shouted abuse at the family of their own Phophet.

Can you imagine the sceneImam Zainul Abedin watching his
mothers, Umme Layla and Umme Rubab and aunts Zainab and
Kulsum, being paraded with their hands tied and with no Hijab?

He must have felt terrible!

Our poor Imam used to say that this was the most painful time for
him; to see Zainab and Kulsum, the daughters of Lady Fatemah,
being paraded without their Hijab. For any Muslim woman to be
forced to go out without her Hijab is hurtfuland today, the
daughters of Lady Fatemah, the guardian of Hijab were paraded on
the streets of Kufa without their Hijab.

Imam Zainul Abedin, through his miraculous power could have
asked the Almighty Allah to curse Yazids men, there and then. But
he did not, because, he had to complete the mission started by his
father Imam Hussein; to expose Yazid and awaken the sleeping
Muslims of Yazids evil intent. Cursing them at this stage would
have not achieved that, and therefore, he suffered silently, and instead
prayed for patiencefor the sake of Islam.

76
Zainab and Kulsum, the granddaughters of the Holy Prophet even
suffered silently, and they too prayed to the Almighty Allah, to give
them more patience to complete the mission, started by their beloved
brother to save Islam.

Let us send our salutations and appreciation to our great Imam,
Zainab and Kulsum

O our great Imam and Lady Zainab and Lady Kulsum! We the
Shiasdo greatly appreciate your patience to save us from the Fire
of Hell. We sincerely salute you and we promise you that we will
never follow the footsteps of Yazid. We will always remember and
mourn your suffering. Our ladies will always wear their Hijab, to
show our love and respect for all your suffering in the streets and
bazaar of Shaam.

The procession of the Ahlulbayt, on display in the city of Kufa was
taken from one street to another, from one marketplace to another.

Insults and abuses continued, and some even threw stones at the
ladies and children, as they walked from one street to another, from
one bazaar to another.

It was noon time and it was a very hot day. An old lady, watching the
procession from her balcony noticed that, the children in the
procession of torture looked very tired and thirsty.

She felt sorry for the children. She came down from her balcony,
holding a jug of water in her hand and went straight to little Sakina.

The old lady, hiding the water in her hand, spoke to Sakina:

O little girl! I can see you are very thirstyI can see you have
suffered a lotI can see you are very sad

Sakina, with tears flowing from her eyes, said to the old lady:

77
Yesmy respected lady! I am very sadthey have killed my father
and alsothey have killed my dear uncle, and my baby brother and
my cousins tooI miss them so much

The old lady said:

My child! You look so hot, tired and thirsty. Drink this waterbut
before you drink it, can you please pray to the Almighty Allah
thatHe protects my children from the miseries and torture that has
fallen on you and your family

Sakina prayed for the lady.

The old lady gave her water, but poor Sakina could not drink the
watermore tears flowed from her eyes. The water reminded her of
her baby brother Asgar, who was butchered without any water. She
also remembered her beloved uncle Abbas, who went to the river to
get some water for herand never came back.

Lady Zainab saw Sakina crying she rushed to her and she
hugged and comforted Sakina.

Then Zainab thanked the old lady for her kindness. The old lady also
asked Zainab to pray for her

She told Zainab

I dont know why you remind me of my noble Princess Zainab and
Kulsum, the daughters of my Imam Ali. They used to live here in
Kufa while my Imam was aliveI have not seen them for 20 years.

The old lady continued talking to Zainab

Before I die, I would like to do theirand my Imam Husseins
ZiyaratI would like to go to Madina and meet them. O lady! Please
pray for my wishes to be granted by the Almighty Allah.

78
Zainab moved her hair from her faceand told the old lady

Your wish has been granted by the Almighty Allah. I am Zainab, the
daughter of your Imam Aliand here, standing next to meis my
sister Kulsum.

With tears in her eyes Zainab continued

Andif you look aheadyou will see your Imam Husseinhis
head lanced on a spear.

The old lady looked hard at Zainab and Kulsum. Then she looked at
Imam Husseins head. She recognised them. She could not believe
what she was seeingthe grand daughters of the Holy prophet in
such a state; their faces covered with dusttheir clothes ragged
their hands and feet tiedand paraded without their Hijab?

She threw herself onto Zainabs feet, and with tears flowing from her
eyes, she said

O my Ladies Zainab and Kulsum! I am so sorry please forgive
meplease forgive me.

The old lady then turned towards Yazids men, beating her chest and
head, she cried out

You beasts! What have you done to the family of the Holy Prophet?
You shameful people! You call yourselves the followers of the Holy
Prophetand you have killed his grandson? The Almighty Allah will
never forgive youYazid and you all will burn in the Fire of Hell for
ever

Yazids guards were shocked to hear the old lady shouting out the
true identity of the prisoners, and feared that the rest of people of
Kufa would also find out the true identity of the prisoners. They
rushed to the old lady, and whipped her harshly till she faintedand
then threw her aside.
79

The procession of the Holy prisoners was ordered to move on to

Imam Zainul Abedin, the ladies and children tired, hot and thirsty
continued to be paradedfrom one marketplace to anotherfrom
one street to anotherand more insults, more abuses and more stones
were showered onto them

Some of the ladies of Kufa with young children, who saw the
suffering of the children in the procession felt sorry for the tired,
thirsty and hungry children. They threw some dates to the children
for them to eat. The dates thrown at the children were a Sadkathe
charity for the poor.

To accept the Sadka is Haram on all Sadaatthe family of the Holy
Prophet and their children.

Though the children were very hungry, none of the children from the
family of the Holy Prophet picked the dates to eat it. How could they
eat something that is Haram for them?

At every step, during the tragic events of Kerbala Kufa and Shaam,
the Ahlulbayt, despite their hardships, remembered to teach us
lessons about Islam. Here, in Kufa, the young children, despite their
extreme hunger were reminding us that, Haram food and drinks
should be avoided at all times.

The Muslims and especially Shias, who eat or drink Haram food, are
surely insulting the Ahlulbayts sacrifices in Kerbala, Kufa and
Shaam.

The Muslims, who drink and eat forbidden food, are making the
Ahlulbayt very sad, even today. And rememberif you love
someone truly, you dont make him or her unhappy.

80
On the Day of Qiyamat, little Sakina and all those orphans of
Kerbala, with tears in their eyes, will ask those of us, who eat or
drink what is forbidden in Islam

We sacrificed the lives of our dear fathers, uncles and brothersand
suffered the beatings from Shimrstayed hungry and thirsty for
daysso that you know what is Haram so that you know and
avoid what is forbidden by the Almighty Allah But you still
ignored the factand kept eating the forbidden food. You insulted
our sacrifice by eating the forbidden food.

Think of little Sakinaand those hungry and thirsty orphans of
Kerbala before you put anything Haram in your mouth. You surely
do not want to make them unhappy if you love them.

After walking several hours, through the narrow streets of Kufa, in
the mid-afternoon hot sunImam Zainul Abedin, Zainab and
Kulsum, little Sakina and the rest of the Martyrs ladies and
childrenabout sixty in totalfinally reached the Palace of Ibne
Ziyad, the Governor of Kufa.

They were whipped and forcefully dragged into the Courtyard of Ibne
Ziyad.

More insults and humiliation continued

Little Sakina kept on looking at her uncle Abbass headand
whispering

Lookuncle Abbas! What they are doing to your sisters Zainab and
Kulsumthey are being paraded without their Hijaband look at
my faceit is covered with bruiseseverytime I cry for my father
and youShimr slaps me so hardI miss you so much uncle
Abbas!

INNA LILLAHE WA INNA ELAIHE RAJEOON!

81
Indeed we are Allahsand indeed unto Him we shall return!

Please recite Sure Fateha.


To conclude this Majaalis of Azadari, I suggest, if possible, recite a
Nawha and do Matam for Imam Hussein (a.s) and his family
Then recite the ZI YARAT printed in this book on page 176



















MAJAALIS 4

COURTYARD OF IBNE ZIYAD


Please recite the small Khutbo on page 56
at the beginning of each Majaalis


82
The day of Ashura was the most tragic event in the history of
mankind.

It will never be wiped out from the pages of history. The Almighty
Allah will never let mankind ever forget the huge sacrifice Imam
Hussein and his family made to save Islam.

Imam Hussein, his family and faithful companions, 72 in total, were
brutally murdered on this day of Ashura, for refusing to accept the
evil Yazid as the guiding leader of Islam. Yazid had no respect for
the laws of Islam and made a mockery of the Holy Quran and the
Holy Prophet. He was not fit to be the leader of Islam.

The only adult to survive the massacre was Imam Zainul Abedin, the
23 year old son of Imam Hussein. He was too ill on that day of
Ashura to take part in the Holy war in Kerbala.

On the night of Ashura, the tents sheltering the families of the 72
Martyrs were burnt and everything, including the ladies Hijab, was
stolen from them.

Zainab and Kulsum, the granddaughters of the Holy Prophet were left
without their Hijab.

The first day after Ashura, Imam Zainul Abedin and the families of
the Martyrs were taken as prisoners to Kufa.

Imam Zainul Abedin was heavily chained from top to bottom.
Zainab, Kulsum, the rest of the ladies and children of the 72 Martyrs
all had their hands tied. They were all paraded through the streets and
bazaar of Kufa with the heads of the 72 Martyrs. The ladies from the
family of the Holy Prophet were paraded without their Hijab.

The family of the Holy Prophet, the Ahlulbayt were humiliated,
insulted, tortured, abused and even attacked with stones by the people
of Kufa, who had gathered in thousands to make a mockery of them.
Neither were the people of Kufa told the true reason why the 72 were
83
killed in Kerbala, nor were they given the true identity of these
prisoners.

After hours of humiliation on the streets and bazaar of Kufa, they
were taken to the Courtyard of Ibne Ziyad, the Governor of Kufa, the
loyal yes-man of Yazid.

Our poor fourth Imam with his mothers, aunts, sisters and nieces, all
still tied with ropes, covered with dust from the long journey, with
their clothes in tatters and torn from constant whippingand worst
of all still with no Hijab to cover their faces, were dragged into the
Courtyard.

They were forced to march in front of the evil Ibne Ziyad, who was
seated on his majestic throne. He had also invited important and
influential guests of Kufa to his Courtyardto show off his success.

Imagine this scene in your mindand feel with your heart the
suffering of our dear Imam Zainul Abedin. He must have felt so
humiliated and insulted to see his mother and aunts paraded in such
condition.

Ibne Ziyad then looked at the head of Imam Hussein, perched high on
a spear

He remembered a prisoner in his dungeon, who was awaiting eagerly
for Imam Hussein to arrive to Kufa.

The prisoner was Mukhtara brave and strong man who loved the
Ahlulbayt a great deal.

Mukhtar was the first to welcome Imam Husseins cousin, Muslim
Ibne Aqeel when he arrived in Kufa.

Mukhtar had continued supporting Muslim Ibne Aqeel, despite the
threats from Ibne Ziyad. For that, he was jailed in a dungeon, dug
deep inside the prison grounds.
84

When Ibne Ziyad saw the head of Imam Hussein, he remembered
Mukhtar, the sincere and loyal supporter of Imam Hussein.

Ibne Ziyad ordered his guard to bring Mukhtar to his Courtyard.

Mukhtar who was heavily chained, was brought to the Courtyard
where the Holy prisoners and the heads of the Martyrs were.

Ibne Ziyad said to Mukhtar:

O Mukhtar! You have been waiting for Your Imam to come to
Kufahe is here nowdo you want to see him?

Mukhtar was pleased to hear his Imam was in Kufahe said to Ibne
Ziyad:

YesIbne Ziyad! Please let me do the Ziyarat of my Imam, Imam
Hussein Ibne Ali

Ibne Ziyadpointing his finger at Imam Husseins head said:

There Mukhtar! There is your Imam, Hussein Ibne Aliwe have
killed him.

Mukhtar saw the headhe recognised his Imamhis whole body
trembled with anger to hear his Imam killed and to see his head
lanced on the spear

He screamed YA ALI! HELP ME! and with that, he broke the
chains tied to his hands and legshe then snatched a sword from a
soldier standing near himand rushed to kill Ibne Ziyad

Imam Zainul Abedin saw what was happeninghe quickly spoke to
Mukhtar:

85
O Mukhtar! I am Ali...son of HusseinI request you to put the
sword downdo not kill Ibne ZiyadI do not want bloodshed in
this Courtyard.

O Mukhtar! Today is not the right time or place to avenge the killing
of my fatherthe right time will come one dayand I will give you
my permission to avenge all the murders of the 72 Martyrs of
Kerbala.

Mukhtar faithfully obeyed the order of his Imam of the timeand
put the sword down.

Ibne Ziyad then ordered his guards to re-chain Mukhtar and take him
to his dungeon.

Ibne Ziyad looked at the Holy ladies, brought in as prisoners in his
courtyard. He noticed they were in awful conditiontheir clothes in
tatters, faces covered with dust and their hands and feet tied

Pointing his finger at Zainab and Kulsumand to make a mockery of
them, he said to his Commander in Chief:

Umar Saad! Why have you brought me these slave girls?

O my God! What an insulting remark! He knew very well who the
ladies wereHe was calling the most royal family, the family of the
Holy Prophet slaves.

Imam Zainul Abedin could no longer remain silent to see the
granddaughters of the Holy Prophet being insulted in such way. He
took this opportunity, to speak out to all those present there in the
Courtyard of Ibne Ziyadand let them know the real truth of what
had happened in Kerbala.

Though Imam Zainul Abedin was very angryand despite his
exhaustion and burden of heavy chains, he spoke in a calm and clear
voice
86

O son of Ziyad! Those ladies whom you insult by calling them slave
girls are the granddaughters of Prophet Mohammed, peace be upon
him. Isnt Prophet Mohammed your Prophet and the Prophet of all
present here?

O son of Ziyad! You, on the orders of your master Yazid, for the sake
of worldly rewards have committed terrible sins

You.. son of Ziyad! On your direct orders, your men brutally
murdered 72 people in Kerbala, including young children and a six-
month old babyand then ran your horses on their bodies.

O son of Ziyad! You claim to be a Muslima follower of the Holy
Prophet of Islamand you still ordered the ill-treatment of the dead
ones in such a horrible manner. You know that the laws of Islam do
not allow a Muslim to mistreat the dead ones in such a horrible way.
Indeed, you and your master Yazid have committed a terrible sin

Youson of Ziyad! On the orders of your master Yazid, you have
brought us here as your prisoners of war. Your men have treated us,
including these granddaughters of the Holy Prophet, whom you insult
by calling slave girls, with the utmost cruelty and disrespect, all the
way from Kerbala to Kufa. You know very well that the Holy
Prophet had commanded that all the believers must treat their
prisoners of war, especially the children and women with kindness
and respect.

O son of Ziyad! Today you are boasting over your success, but let me
warn youyou will find your success very short lastingand very
soon the anger of the Almighty Allah will descend on you and on
those whose orders you are following.

Very soon disaster will overcome you and the others who have
brutally murdered my father Hussein Ibne Ali, the beloved grandson
of the Holy Prophet

87
Then Imam turned to those people of Kufa present in the Courtyard
of Ibne Ziyadand spoke to them

O People of Kufa! Ibne Ziyad, on the orders of his master Yazid,
mercilessly killed Hussein Ibne Alithe beloved grandson of the
Holy Prophet on the land of Kerbala

O People of Kufa! Yazid had my father killed because he refused to
give Baiat to him. My father Hussein refused to accept Yazid as the
guiding leader of Muslims because as you all know Yazid is not fit
to be the guiding leader of Muslims, when he himself openly makes a
mockery of the laws of Islam, the Holy Quran and the Holy Prophet.
Yazid is a tyrant rulerbullying his people under his unjust rule.

Wow! What a speech by our great Imam! The character of a true
Imam was portrayed by our fourth Imam.

Despite being very exhausted, emotionally and physically drained
and surrounded by dangerous enemies, our great Imam Zainul
Abedin bravely spoke out in a clear and calm voiceHe delivered
the message of truth to the people present there. History will never
forget his speech.

Imam Zainul Abedin, in a very short speech informed the People of
Kufa why, and who was killed in Kerbala. He informed them about
Yazids wrongdoingsand he also informed them of the true identity
of the prisoners.

This was his missionto expose Yazid and stop him destroying
Islam.

The people present in the Courtyard were stunned by Imam Zainul
Abedins speech. They whispered praises for the Imamand they
started talking among themselves about Yazids wrongdoings.

88
Imam Husseins mission to expose Yazid and wake up the sleeping
Muslims had begun. His surviving son, Imam Zainul Abedin was
performing his duty to utmost perfection.

Ibne Ziyad saw that the mood of those people present in his
Courtyard was changing in the favour of the prisonersin the favour
of Ahlulbayt and he did not like what he saw.

This is not what he had in mindhe wanted to boast his success in
Kerbala.

Before the situation got out of his control, he ordered his guards to
take the prisoners at onceand throw them into a prison!

Prison? Yes a prison Do you know what sort of a prison it was? A
small room, with no roof, cold and dirty. All sixty prisoners were
thrown into this cold, crampe, dirty and roofless prison.

The Ahlulbayt spent the next whole night in this prison cell. Little
Sakina cried the whole night for her father Husseinher uncle
Abbasand her baby brother Asgar...

INNA LILLAHE WA INNA ELAIHE RAJEOON!

Indeed we are Allahsand indeed unto Him we shall return!

Please recite Sure Fateha.


To conclude this Majaalis of Azadari, I suggest, if possible, recite a
Nawha and do Matam for I mam Hussein (a.s) and his family
Then recite the ZI YARAT printed in this book on page 176



89

























MAJAALIS 5

THE JOURNEY TO SHAAM


Please recite the small Khutbo on page 56
at the beginning of each Majaalis


The topic of todays Majaalis is The journey from Kufa to Shaam of
the surviving families of the 72 Martyrs of Kerbala.

90
This journey from Kufa to Shaam was their fourth journey of tears.

Let us first briefly recall their other three journeys of tears.

Imam Hussein with his close companions and several members of his
family left Madina for Mecca on the 28
th
of Rajab, in the Islamic year
60 A.H. This was their first journey.

The second journey was from Mecca to Kerbala. Imam Husseins
caravan reached Kerbala on the 2
nd
of Muharram, in the Islamic year
61 A.H.

On the 10
th
of Muharram, the day of Ashura, Imam Hussein and all
his companions, his brothers, his nephews and his sons72 in total
were brutally murdered on the land of Kerbala by 20,000 Yazids
soldiers.

Only one adult male from Imam Husseins camp survived, and that
was his 23 year old son, Imam Zainul Abedin.

Imam Zainul Abedin could not take part in the Jihad of Kerbala
because of his ill-health. He was unconscious on the day of the battle.

Imam Zainul Abedin, the sisters, wives and children of the 72
Martyrs were not left in peace to mourn the death of their loved ones.
Many of them were Ahlulbaytfrom the family of the Holy Prophet.
Zainab and Kulsum, the granddaughters of the Holy Prophet were
there too.

On the same night of Ashura, the night of Shaam-e-Ghariba, which
means the night of homeless, Yazids men looted their belongings
and burnt their tents leaving them homeless. Yazids men even
snatched the ladies Hijab, their most valued possession.

The next day, on the 11
th
of Muharram, Imam Zainul Abedin, all the
ladies and the children were taken as prisoners to Kufa. This was
their third journey of tears, from Kerbala to Kufa.
91

After being paraded with no Hijab on the streets and marketplace,
and in the Courtyard of Ibne Ziyad, they were cramped into one tiny
prison cell for one night in Kufa.

The next day, on the 12
th
of Muharram, Imam Zainul Abedin, heavily
chained from top to bottom, the ladies and children, all with their
hands tied, were mounted on camels with no saddles, making their
journey as uncomfortable as possible.

They were on their way to Shaam; this was the 72 Martyrs families
fourth journey of tears to Yazids Palace.

When they left Kufa, it was the 12
th
of Muharram of the Islamic Year
61 A.H, nearly six months had gone by since they had left their
homes in Madina.

The caravan of Imam Hussein started with 150 people from Madina,
72 were brutally murdered in Kerbala on Ashura day. Some children
died on the night of Ashura when the tents were burnt down, and
some children died during the journey from Kerbala to Kufa. How
many were now left from the original 150?

About sixty only, nearly ninety innocent people, including many
children, were killed in just three days, from the day of Ashura to the
12
th
of Muharram.

Imam Zainul Abedin, still chained from top to bottom Zainab and
Kulsum and the rest of the ladies still without their Hijab the
children, still crying for their fatherswere not left to mourn for the
loss of their loved ones. They were all forced onto another journey of
further torture and tears, from Kufa to Shaam. This was their fourth
journey of tears.

Yes, the journey of torture and tears!

92
The heads of the 72 Martyrs of Kerbala, perched high on spears, also
travelled with them.

During this long journey, little Sakina stared at her uncle Abbas
head, with tears flowing from her eyes constantly, could she be heard
whispering

Uncle Abbas! Look what Shimr has done to mehe has snatched
my earrings and made my ears bleed Uncle Abbas! Every time I
cry for my father, they slap me and tell me to keep quiet Uncle
Abbas! I really miss my fatherI have not slept for two daysUncle
Abbas! Please come backI promise I will never ask you to get me
water again pleaseplease come backand bring back my father
tooI cant live without youyour Sakina will die tooplease
come back to meor take me with you.

Umme Rubab, the mother of baby Asgar, with her tear-filled eyes,
glared at the cradle of her baby Asgar, she too was heard
whispering

My baby Asgar! Come to your mummyI have some water and
milk nowcome my baby I will feed you now

Umme Layla, the mother of Ali Akber, stared at her sons head, with
tears flowing from her eyes, could be heard talking to her son

My son Ali AkberI let you go to the battlefield to save the life of
your fatherbut look my sonthey have killed your father too

Umme Farwa, the mother of Qasim was also crying and saying

O my son Qasimyour mother is so lonely without you

Zainab had also sacrificed her two young children, Aun and
Mohammed, and their heads were also perched high on the spears.

93
But Zainab did not cry. She was busy comforting Sakina, Umme
Rubab, Umme Layla, Umme Farwa and all the children crying for
their fathers.

It was indeed a journey of tearsjourney of tears to Shaam!

The journey from Kufa to Shaam was a long one. They travelled for
nearly twenty days and nights.

Yazids men were heartlessthey did not feel sorry for them.

Instead of comforting them, they treated them badly throughout this
long journey. They knew thatthe more cruelly they treated the
families of the 72 Martyrs, the more Yazid would be pleased with
them, and give them a bigger reward.

During the long journey, they were hardly given any food or water
and they were constantly whipped. Shimr slapped Sakina repeatedly.

These suffering people were from the family of the Holy Prophet
who was the dearest person to the Almighty Allah. You may be
wonderingwhy Almighty Allah wasnt doing anything to stop
their continuous suffering?

Neither Imam Hussein nor Imam Zainul Abedin or Zainab and
Kulsum were helpless. One prayer of help from the Almighty Allah,
and their prayers would have been answered straight away by the
Almighty Allah. There can be no doubt in this matter.

Neither our Imam nor the granddaughters of the Holy Prophet,
Zainab and Kulsum prayed to the Almighty Allah to stop their
suffering, because their mission was to expose Yazid. Their mission
was to awaken Muslims; to keep away from evil deeds that Yazid
was promoting. The only way to succeed in stopping Yazid was to
bear all the hardships patiently.

94
Their mission was to save the Glorious Holy Quran and Islam from
destruction by Yazid. That is why the 72 Martyrs willingly sacrificed
their lives in Kerbala, and that is why Imam Zainul Abedin, Zainab
and Kulsum patiently suffered all the insults, torture and humiliation
inflicted on them by Yazids men. Their mission was to save
Islamno matter how much they suffered.

Imam Hussein, Imam Zainul Abedin, Zainab and Kulsum were not
helpless. They had a choice; they could have ended their miseries by
asking for help from the Almighty Allah. Almighty Allah had not
abandoned them, they chose to sacrifice and bear their miseries with
patienceto save Islam.

This is why we love the Ahlulbayt so much and this is why we
appreciate, remember and mourn in such a huge way for their huge
sacrifice for Islam. Their sacrificetheir suffering was not ordinary.
No one has suffered like this before.

Let us now look at one of the events, that took place during this
journey to Shaam and you will see how the Almighty Allah fulfilled
Lady Zainabs prayers as soon as she asked for His help.

Yazids men were in hurry to get to Shaamto claim their promised
prize from Yazid; for killing Imam Hussein and bringing his head
and his family to him.

Therefore, the camels were driven as fast as possible. The roads to
Shaam were rough and mountainous. The little children desperately
tried to hold on to their mothers with their little handsto save
themselves from falling off the speeding camels.

During this difficult journey to Shaam, little Sakina fell off the
camels back

Her aunt Zainab, riding on the camel next to her saw little Sakina, the
darling daughter of her brother Hussein falling off the camel. She had
promised her brother to look after Sakina.
95

Zainabs hands were tied. She pleaded with Yazids men to stop the
camels but they did not. Little Sakina was left to die on the road...

Zainab was specially instructed by her brother Hussein that, her
daughter Sakina would play a big part in delivering her mission to the
people of Shaam.

Zainab had to do something. She had promised her brother that, she
would look after his darling daughter Sakina.

Zainab turned towards the spear on which her brother Husseins head
was perchedand cried out

Brother Hussein! Brother Hussein! Your Sakina has fallen off from
the camel-backYazids men are not stopping our camels so we can
get down to help herBrother Hussein! Your Sakina will die on the
road what shall I doBrother Hussein?

Zainab then closed her eyesand prayed to the Almighty Allah to
save Sakina.

Was her prayer answered?

Yesit was answered immediately by the Almighty Allah.

This is how the Almighty Allah answered Zainabs prayer for
helpwithout any delay.

The spear on which Kohli was carrying Imam Husseins head fell out
of his handand the spear with Imam Hussein head on it, got stuck
into the ground

The strong and muscular Kohli jumped from his horseand tried
very hard to uproot the spear on which Imam Husseins head was
perchedthe harder he tried, the more firmly the spear got stuck into
the ground.

96
Kohli rushed to Shimrand told him what had happened

Shimr went to Imam Zainul Abedinand demanded to know from
himwhy such a strong and muscular man could not pluck the spear
carrying Imam Husseins head from the ground.

Imam Zainul Abedin looked in the direction of his aunt Zainaband
saw her eyes closed and engaged in prayersImam Zainul Abedin
asked Zainab

Aunt Zainab! What is the matter?

Zainab opened her eyesand cried out to her nephew

My nephew Zainul Abedin! Your little sister Sakina has fallen from
the camelshe is lying unconscious on the roadand they wont
stop the camels

Shimr heard what Zainab saidhe immediately ran back.

He saw Sakina lying unconscious on the lap of a lady in full black
Hijab and lovingly cared for by this lady.

Who was this Lady? Lady Fatemahthe mother of Imam Hussein?

Many historians have written that this Lady in a black Hijab was
always there wherever Imam Husseins family wentshe was
following them from Kerbala till they returned back to Madina. She
too cried whenever she saw Imam Husseins family being tortured.

As Shimr approached nearer Sakina, the Lady vanishedShimr
picked little Sakina and handed her to Zainab.

Once Sakina was safely in her aunts armsKohli was able to lift the
spear from the groundand the caravan was able to resume its
journey of tears to Shaam.

97
Zainab asked the Almighty Allah to help herand the Almighty
answered her prayers straight awaythe love and respect of the
Almighty Allah for Imam Hussein and his family is very strong
indeed.

That is why we the Shias also love and respect the Ahlulbaytand
ask for our wishes to be granted by the Almighty Allah by the
Wasilla, by the recommendation of the Ahlulbayt, when we touch
and kiss their Alam and Tabut.

But please we have to make sure that we are worthy of their
recommendationthe Ahlulbayt would not like to recommend our
wishes to be granted by the Almighty Allah if we are not performing
our Wajib actslike daily five times Salah. If we truly love and
appreciate the Ahlulbayts sacrifices, we must first perform our
Wajib acts and keep away from Haram acts.

After Sakina was savedImam Zainul Abedin, Zainab, Kulsum,
Sakina, the widows and the orphans of the Martyrs of Kerbala
continued the tearful and difficult journeythrough the hot and
rough Syrian desertfed only with little food and waterand
constantly abused with harsh whipping and insults...

Indeed, their suffering, calls for mourning by all those who care
about them, by all those who love themand we Shias love them
more than our own familyand that is why we mourn for their
suffering with extreme devotion. That is why we shed tears and do
Matam for them.

Their suffering was great, their patience was great, and their sacrifice
for Islam was a huge one! They, the Martyrs of Kerbala and their
families are indeed worth of our huge mourning.

The journey to Shaam was of several days. At night the caravan
would stop for a few hours. Yazids men indulged themselves in
stuffing their bellies, while giving very little food and water to the
98
little prisonersto the children from the family of the Holy Prophet.
How cruel can one get, making young children suffer in such way?

One night, during this journey to Shaam, the caravan camped on a
mountaintop outside a church.

The caretaker, who was also the priest of this church was a Christian
who had devoted his life to prayers and meditation.

The reward promised to Shimr by Yazid, for bringing him the head of
Imam Hussein was a huge oneand Shimr was worried about
keeping Imam Husseins head in his tent at night. Therefore, he
forced the priest to look after it, in the church but did not tell the
priest whose head it was.

When the priest went to sleep that night, he kept the head of Imam
Hussein on a high stool by his bedand when he turned off the
candles in his bedroomhe noticed that the room was still bright. He
noticed the room was glowing with light beaming from the head of
Imam Hussein. He straightaway knew that this was no ordinary
headthis was a head of someone very special to Almighty God.

The priest was very distressed by the fact that someone had cut off
the head of a saint person. That night he saw a strange dream

The priest dreamt that all the Prophets, including his beloved Prophet
Jesus had descended from heaven to his little church and they paid
their respects to the head that was by his bedside.

When the priest awoke from his sleep. He was startled and baffled
with what he had seen in his dream. He rushed with the head of Imam
Hussein to Shimr, who was knocked out of his senses by heavy
drinking.

The priest demanded Shimr to tell him the identity of the head.

99
When he was told that it was the head of Hussein, the grandson of the
Holy Prophet of Islam, the priest was shocked to hear that and he
said to Shimr

You have committed the most evil crime by killingand then
cutting off the head of the grandson of your own Prophet, who
undoubtedly was a great Saint You have committed a major sin;
God will forever curse you and those linked with you in this horrible
crime Shame upon you.

Shimr already annoyed at being awakened from his drunken state,
with one stroke of his sword chopped off the priests head.

The next morningthe journey to Shaam continued.

One hundred and fifty men, ladies and children were with Imam
Hussein when he left Kerbalaseventy-two were brutally killed on
the day of Ashurasome children were killed on the night of Ashura
and during the journey to Kufa.

More children died due to the torture, lack of food and water during
this long and tiring journey to Shaam.

When the caravan finally arrived in Shaamthey were hardly fifty
left from the original 150

INNA LILLAHE WA INNA ELAIHE RAJEOON!

Indeed we are Allahsand indeed unto Himwe shall return!

Please recite Sure Fateha.


To conclude this Majaalis of Azadari, I suggest, if possible, recite a
Nawha and do Matam for I mam Hussein (a.s) and his family
Then recite the ZI YARAT printed in this book on page 176
100


























MAJAALIS 6

IN-SHAAMIN-SHAAMIN-SHAAM


Please recite the small Khutbo on page 56
at the beginning of each Majaalis


101
Imam Zainul Abedin lived for a further forty years, after the tragedy
of Kerbala. Beside preaching Islam and guiding his followers, his
spare time was spent in Sajda, praising and glorifying the Almighty
Allah, and that is why he is also known as Imam Sajjad.

Imam Zainul Abedin cried constantly during these forty years.
Whenever he saw water, he used to remember the thirst of Ali Asgar
and Sakina and cry for hours.

Whenever he saw an animal being butchered in a marketplace, he
would ask the slaughterer Have you given the animal some water
before slaughtering it? Do you know Yazids men did not give any
water to my father Hussein Ibne Ali before cutting his head off?

Many used to gather around the Imam whenever they saw him in
mosques in Madinaand used to ask him to preach and guide them
towards the right path of Islam.

At every such gathering, Imam Zainul Abedin would end his sermon
by narrating to them the tragedy of Kerbalaand their aftermath
sufferings in Kufa and Shaam.

At the end of these narrations by Imam Zainul Abedin many used to
ask him:

Indeed Imam Hussein and his family suffered like no-one else has
suffered before. May the Almighty Allah reward you all in the world
hereinafter for your huge sacrifice for Islam.

But tell us, O Imam! Where did you personally feel the most pain?

With tears flowing from his eyesour Imam used to say

Ash-ShaamAsh-ShaamAsh-Shaamwhich means

In-ShaamIn-ShaamIn-Shaam.

102
By replying in-Shaam three times, our Imam was telling them that
the three most painful times for him were all in Shaam.

The people of Madina were surprised to hear that and they would ask
Imam Zainul Abedin again:

O Imam! Wasnt the time when you saw the young children in
Kerbala, crying for water for three days, the saddest time for you?

O Imam! Wasnt the time when you heard about your young cousins
Qasim, Aun and Mohammed brutally killedand their bodies torn
apart, one of the saddest times for you?

O Imam! Wasnt the time when you heard about your teenage brother
Ali Akber brutally killedand his chest torn apart by a broken spear,
one of the saddest times for you?

O Imam! Wasnt the time when you heard about your beloved uncle
Abbas brutally killedand both of his arms cut off, one of the
saddest times for you?

O Imam! Wasnt the time when you heard about your little baby
brother Ali Asgar butchered in your fathers armsby a huge arrow
piercing his tiny neck, one of the saddest times for you?

O Imam! Wasnt the time when you saw your old father Hussein on
the day of Ashuracovered with blood, one of the saddest times for
you?

O Imam! Wasnt the time when your father Hussein was brutally
killedhis head cut offand his body trampled by horsesone of
the saddest times for you?

O Imam! Wasnt the time when your tents were burnt downand the
Martyrs widows and orphans were made homeless, one of the
saddest times for you?

103
O Imam! Wasnt the time when you were taken through the
battlefield of Kerbalaand you saw your father, your uncles, your
brothers and cousins lying on the sands of Kerbalawith no ghusal,
kafan or burial, one of the saddest times for you?

Imam Zainul Abedin, with tears pouring from his eyes always
replied

Yesindeed! All these events were very sad for all of us, but my
Shias, the saddest moments, for me personally, were in-Shaam
in-Shaamin-Shaam.

Why did our Imam say that he suffered most in Shaam?

What were the events that took place in Shaam, that caused Imam
Zainul Abedin more heartache than seeing his father murderedand
left on the sands of Kerbala without any ghusal, kafan or burial?

This is the topic of todays Majaalis: the heartache, tears and
suffering of Imam Zainul Abedin and the rest of the Ahlulbayt, in the
city of Shaam, where they were brought as prisoners of Yazid. Shaam
was the capital city of Yazids rule and he lived there.

The caravan of the widows and orphans of the Martyrs of Kerbala,
after the long journey of 23 days from Kufa through the rough Syrian
Desert, arrived at the gates of Shaam on the 15
th
Safar, in the Islamic
Year 61 A.H.

In what condition did these prisoners from the family of the Holy
Prophet arrive in Shaam?

Imam Zainul Abedin was chained from top to bottomand blood
was trickling all the time from his neck, hands and feet, due the
hooks on the chains digging into his skin. His back was covered with
wounds from lashes he received constantly during the journey. He
was weak and exhausted.

104
Zainab, Kulsum and the widows of the 72 Martyrs whose Hijab taken
away, were desperately trying to cover their faces with their long
hair. Their clothes were torn with constant whippingTheir faces
and the rest of their bodies were covered with dust from the long
journey. They were all tired and worn out, having been driven on
such a long journey on camels with no saddles.

Little Sakina and the other orphans of the 72 Martyrs whose eyes
were never free of tears, were hot, thirsty and hungry. They were
given very little food and water during the long journey from Kufa to
Shaam.

The Ahlulbayts miseries and suffering did not end with the end of
their journey in Shaam.

Very cruelly, they were made to wait at the gates of Shaam for hours,
in the blazing hot sun.

Do you know why they were made to wait, in the hot sun at the gates
of Shaam?

Because, Yazid had ordered his men not to let them in, until he had
completed all the preparations to receive them.

What preparations were made to receive the family of the Holy
Prophet?

Were preparations being made to receive them with the respect and
dignity they deserved, for being the family of the Holy Prophet of
Islam?

Nosadly the evil Yazid was still not satisfied with killing the
grandson of the Holy Prophet. He had more in store to make the
Prophets family suffer even further.

The preparations in the city of Shaam were made to insult, humiliate,
degrade and belittle Imam Husseins familyand the granddaughters
of the Holy Prophet in a very harsh way.

105
Yazid had ordered all the people in Shaam, to line up in every street.
Musicians were asked to play music, and dancers were told to dance
in the streets. People of Shaam were given a holiday, and told to jeer,
to mock and to humiliate the prisoners as much as possible.

Let us not forget that, most of the people in Shaam were Muslims, the
followers of the Holy Prophet.

How could they jeer and make a mockery out of the family of their
own Prophet?

Sadly, most of them did not know the true identity of the prisoners.
They were told that some bandits who tried to conquer their city and
rob them of their possessions, were defeatedand killed by their
Caliph Yazids army in Kerbala. These prisoners brought to their
city were the families of those bandits.

Extreme hatred for the prisoners was instilled in the hearts of people
of Shaam.

Once Yazid was happy with the preparations in his city, to humiliate
the family of Imam Hussein, he ordered his guards to lead the
prisoners towards his Palace, through the crowded streets and
marketplaces of Shaam.

Thousands of people; men, women and children, lined the streets as
the procession of the heads of the 72 Martyrs, lanced high on the
spears entered the city. Behind the heads, was Imam Zainul Abedin
chained from top to bottom. Zainab, Kulsum and the rest of the ladies
with no Hijaband the orphans of the Martyrs followed closely
behind Imam Zainul Abedin. They were all made to walk with their
hands tied.

The crowd jeered, shouted insults and made fun of themand some
even threw stones at themwhile the musicians played music and
the dancers danced around them.

106
To understand why Imam Zainul Abedin used to say; the most hurtful
time for him personally was in-Shaamin-Shaamin-Shaam, you
will have to imagine this scene of carnival on the streets and
marketplace of Shaam.

Imagine poor Imam Zainul Abedin seeing

Zainab and Kulsum, the granddaughters of the Holy Prophet, with no
Hijab, their clothes torn, their faces covered with dirt and dust, and
their hands tied. The two Princesses looking like beggars and made to
walk in front of the crowd of men, women and children, jeering and
moking them.

Imagine poor Imam Zainul Abedin seeing

The streets and the marketplace were decorated with flags, flowers
and bannerspraising Yazid the killer of his father, uncles, brothers
and cousins.

Imagine poor Imam Zainul Abedin seeing

Yazid the enemy of Islam being praised, while the granddaughters of
the Holy Prophet were being ridiculed, by those who were the
followers of the same Holy Prophet.

Seeing the Muslims of Shaam making a mockery of the
granddaughters of the Holy Prophet, paraded without their
Hijaband on the other hand evil Yazid was praised for what he
was doing. This was very hurtful to our Imam to see how misguided
the Muslims of Shaam were.

You can imaginehow degraded Imam Zainul Abedin, Zainab and
Kulsum must have felt, being treated like criminals for the crimes
that were committed against them, rather than by them. This was a
deeply heartbreaking moment for them.

To degrade and make the Ahlulbayt suffer as much as possiblethe
procession of Ahlulbayt was taken through every street and
107
marketplace of Shaamand if anyone in the procession stumbled,
they were whipped right in front of the huge crowd. Imam Zainul
Abedin, the ladies and children who were exhausted did stumble
several timesand they were whipped mercilessly. It is not the pain
of being whipped but the granddaughter of the Holy Phophet being
degraded in such a way in public was what hurt Imam Zainul
Abedin.

That is why Imam Zainul Abedin used to reply, Ash-Shaam
Ash-ShaamAsh-Shaam

Our Imam could have stopped his misery there and then by seeking
help from the Almighty Allah. However all he prayed to Almighty
Allah was to give him more patience so he could successfully
complete the mission to save Islam. Our Imam was indeed a true
Imam. He showed, despite all his suffering so much patience, so
much devotion, so much love and care for Islam.

Imam Zainul Abedin looked at the heads of the Martyrs lanced on the
spears in front of himand kept whispering

Father! By the Will of the Almighty AllahI will deliver your
messageI will expose Yazids wrongdoing I will awaken these
sleeping Muslims to do good deeds and keep away from forbidden
acts. Father! I will complete your mission to save Islam

INNA LILLAHE WA INNA ELAIHE RAJEOON!

Indeed we are Allahsand indeed unto Himwe shall return!

Please recite Sure Fateha.


To conclude this Majaalis of Azadari, I suggest, if possible, recite a
Nawha and do Matam for Imam Hussein (a.s) and his family
Then recite the ZI YARAT printed in this book on page 176
108






























MAJAALIS 7

THE COURTYARD OF YAZID PART 1


Please recite the small Khutbo on page 56
at the beginning of each Majaalis
109


The topic of todays Majaalis is The events that took place in the
Courtyard of Yazid, in the city of Shaam.

After Imam Zainul Abedin returned to Madina he lived for further
forty years. After every prayer, the people of Madina used to gather
around the Imamand request him to narrate about the tragedy of
Kerbala, Kufa and Shaam.

After the Imam had narrated to them about the 72 merciless killings
in Kerbalaand their aftermath suffering in Kufa and Shaamthey
used to ask him:

O Imam! Tell us where and when did you feel the most heartache?

With tears in his eyesImam Zainul used to answer:

Ash-ShaamAsh-ShaamAsh-Shaam which means

In-ShaamIn-ShaamIn-Shaam.

Seeing the misguided Muslims of Shaam making a mockery of the
granddaughters of the Holy Prophet who were paraded without their
Hijab on the streets and marketplace of Shaamwas very hurtful for
our Imam.

Seeing the misguided followers of the Holy Prophet, praising the evil
Yazid for killing the beloved grandson of the Holy Prophet was
very hurtful for our Imam.
Seeing the Muslims of Shaam being so misguided by the evil
Yazidwas hurtful for our Imam.

This is why he used to say that, he suffered most in Shaam.

When asked when and where he suffered the most, Imam Zainul
Abedin used to reply; he suffered the most 'in-Shaam'. He used to say
In-Shaam not oncebut three times.
110

Do you know why he used to say it three timesAsh-ShaamAsh-
ShaamAsh-Shaam?

Because, the terrible insults and humiliation of the Holy Prophets
granddaughters did not end on the streets and marketplace of Shaam.
After being paraded like criminals on the streets of Shaam, they were
subjected to more insults, humiliation and degradation in the
Courtyard of Yazids Palace in Shaam.

Let us see what happened next.

After being paraded on the streets and marketplace, Imam Zainul
Abedin, Zainab, Kulsum and all the widows and orphans of the 72
Martyrs of Kerbala were taken into Yazids Courtyard, in his Palace.

Those who have visited Shaam must have seen Yazids Palaceit is
now known as Ummayad Mosque.

On that day when the Ahlulbayt were brought to his Palace as his
prisoners

Yazids Courtyard was lavishly decoratedand Yazid dressed in his
best clothes was seated on high throne, that was richly decorated with
gold and diamonds.

On that day Yazid had also invited seven hundred important and
influential people from his empire and from abroad...to boast of his
success and to humiliate the family of the Holy Prophet in the worst
possible way.
Imam Zainul Abedin was still heavily chained like a dangerous
criminal. The grand daughters of the Holy ProphetZainab and
Kulsum were still without Hijab. Their clothes were in tatters, their
faces covered in dust and their hands tied behind their backs. Zainab
and Kulsum looked more like beggars than Princesses. Little Sakina,
her tiny hands also tied with ropes with the other widows and
orphans of the 72 Martyrs. They were all dragged into the Palace and
made to stand in a corner of the Courtyard.
111

Once Yazid and his guests were all seated in his Courtyard, the
prisoners were brought in and paraded in the Courtyard.

Can you imagine the scene?

The family of the Holy Prophet, in tattered clothes, covered with dust
and blood oozing from the cuts on their bodies paraded like
criminals. Worst of all, the granddaughters of the Holy Prophet
without their Hijab made to walk in front of the evil Yazid and his
seven hundred guestsincluding those from other countries.

No wonder our poor fourth Imam use to say that he suffered most in
Shaamnot because of the torture inflicted on himbut the way the
ladies from the family of the Holy Prophet were humiliated and
degraded in front of foreign dignitaries in Yazids Courtyard in
Shaam.

To make the situation worst, Yazid was drinking wineand he was
quite drunk when the Holy prisoners were brought in. Alcohol was
also served to his guestshis Courtyard stunk of alcohol.

Can you imagine this horrible scenariothe Ahlulbayt, the purified
ones, brought in a room where people were drinking wine freely?

No wonder Imam Zainul Abedin used to sayAsh-Shaam
Ash-ShaamAsh-Shaamwe suffered most In-Shaam
In-ShaamIn-Shaam.

The insult consultedShimr pointing his finger at each prisoner, one
by oneintroduced him or her to Yazid.

Then Yazid ordered his guards to bring him the head of Imam
Hussein.

Imam Husseins head was brought to him in a silver trayand placed
by his side. Yazid was holding a cup of wine in one hand and a stick
in the other.
112

Do you know what evil Yazid did next?

Your face will turn into anger; tears will surely flow from your eyes
when you hear how Yazid treated the sacred head of our Imam
Hussein, the grandson of the Holy Prophet.

When the Holy Prophet was alive, at least once a day he used to kiss
the head of Imam Hussein. He loved him so muchand all the
Muslims knew that. Even Yazid knew that.

Now hear what Yazid did to the same head of Imam Husseinright
in front of his son Imam Zainul Abedin, his daughter Sakina and his
sisters Zainab and Kulsum.

With the stick he was holding in his handhe stroked Imam
Husseins head repeatedly

Astagh Firullah!

Yazid continued insulting the sacred head of Imam Hussein. He then
parted the lips of Imam Hussein with the stickand in his drunken
voice spoke to his seven hundred guests

Wasnt this head of Hussein which received kisses of Mohammed? I
wish my grandfather Abu Sufiyan was here to see how I have
taken revenge on Mohammed for defeating him in the Battles of Badr
and Hunayn?

Can you imagine...how Imam Zainul Abedin must have felt seeing
his father Hussein being treated like this?

Can you imaginehow Zainab and Kulsum must have felt seeing
their brother Hussein being insulted like this, by the drunkard Yazid?

Can you imaginecan you just imagine how little Sakina, who loved
her father so much, must have felt seeing her fathers head being hit
by a stickright in front of her?

113
No wonder Imam Zainul Abedin used to say Ash-Shaam
Ash-ShaamAsh-Shaam... We suffered most In-Shaam
In-Shaam In-Shaam

A Roman ambassador, who was seated in the Yazids Courtyard as
his invited guest, felt disgusted at what Yazid was doing to the head
of a dead man. He could not bear to see such cruelty inflicted on a
dead person. He rose from his seatand spoke to Yazid

O King Yazid! Who is this person whose head you are hitting with
your stick? What horrible crime has he committed that you are
treating him like thiseven after his death? What have these ladies
and children done to deserve such harsh and cruel punishment?

The drunkard Yazid replied to the Roman ambassador

This head belongs to the grandson of the Prophet of Islam. I have
killed him for not accepting me as the Caliphas the leader of Islam.
I am treating his family in this harsh way so as to warn the rest of my
peopleif they dare to challenge my ways or my authoritythey
would end suffering like these people.

The Roman ambassador was shocked to hear the true identity of the
prisonersHe said to Yazid

You Yazid! You have committed the greatest sin by murdering the
grandson of your Prophetand then treating his family in such a
cruel way.

This bold disapproval of his actions by a foreign ambassador took
Yazid by surprise. He had not expected it but before Yazid could say
anythingthe ambassador continued

Yazid! We have a statue of a donkey in one of our parks in my
citythis statue of a donkey is a replica of the donkey, on which
Lady Mary, the mother of our Prophet Jesus Christ rode to
Bethlehem

114
Yazid! Do you know what my people do when they pass by this
statue of a donkey? They stopand lovingly touch and kiss it to pay
their respect to the statuebecause it represents and reminds them of
Lady Mary and their Prophet Christ.

And you Yazid! You have so brutally killed your own Prophets
grandson who was so dearly loved by your Holy Prophet.

The Roman ambassador turned in the direction of Imam Zainul
Abedin and said:

Alison of Hussein! By what I have heard and seen todayI am
convinced that your father Hussein was the bravest man on this
earthhe stood so boldly against the evil forces of tyranny,
oppression and injusticeas shown by this evil man Yazid.

The Roman ambassador continued

I would like to know about Islam, the religion your noble father
Hussein sacrificed his all, to defend its principles. I do not care now
what Yazid does to me for speaking the truth in his Courtyard. Those
guests of Yazid who are present here and claim to be Muslims,
should be ashamed of themselves for quietly observing the cruelty
inflicted on their Prophets family.

Yazid was insulted and exposed in his own Courtyard by none other
than his own invited foreign guest. The downfall of Yazid had begun
in his own Palace.

Yazid was mad with anger for being so openly insultedand
exposed of his evil doings in front of so many influential people.

Yazid ordered his guards to drag the Roman ambassador awayand
chop off his head. His guards carried out his orders immediately. This
is what Imam Hussein was not happy withthe unjust and
oppressive rule of Yazid. Anyone who dared to speak against his
wrongdoings were unjustly killed.
115

All the seven hundred invitees in Yazids Courtyard were stunned by
the boldness of the foreigner. They were also shocked to find the
reason for which the grandson of the Holy Prophet was murdered.
They were shocked to know the true identity of the prisoners.

Exposure of Yazids evil doings had begun. Slowly but surely Imam
Husseins mission was being delivered to the people.

Yazids nerves were shaken. He kept on gulping downcup after
cup of wine to soothe his nerves.

Yazid the fool was making the situation worst for himself, by
drinking so much alcohol. Alcohol does not help to calm your
nervesit makes you act foolishlyand this is exactly what Yazid
did next.

Yazid looked at his guests and said:

It has pleased the Almighty Allah to grant us a victory! It is the
Almighty Allah who has caused the death of Hussein and humiliated
his familyfor defying my lawful authority as a leader of Islam.
Hussein got what he deservedaccording to the Will of the
Almighty Allah.

Yazid then recited an Ayat of the Holy Quran which means: Allah
grants honour to whom He pleasesand brings to disgrace whom He
pleases.

O my God! Yazid was saying that the Almighty Allah is responsible
for what has happened to Imam Husseinthe grandson of His most
beloved creation. Yazid in his drunkard state was even insulting the
Almighty Allah.

You can see what an evil man Yazid was. If he was allowed to get
away with what he was doing he would have not just destroyed Islam
116
but would have destroyed all religions that believed in God. Yazid
would have destroyed mankind by destroying mans belief in God.

Yazid insulted the Almighty Allah by defending his evil actions with
an Ayat of the Holy Quran. Lady Zainab could not keep quiet
anymore. She looked towards her nephew, the Imam of the
timeand asked his permission to speak. Imam Zainul Abedin
nodded his approval.

And the reply Lady Zainab gave to Yazids insulting remarks was
mind-blowing. History will never forget the powerful sermon she
gave in Yazids Courtyard.

We have come to the end of this Majaalis, we will Inshallah cover
Lady Zainabs sermon in our next Majaalis.

While in the Courtyard of Yazid, little Sakinas eyes were constantly
staring at her father and she could be heard whispering

Father! I miss you so muchplease take me with you.Please father!
Take your darling Sakina with youI cannot live without
youfather!

INNA LILLAHE WA INNA ELAIHE RAJEOON.

Indeed we are Allahsand indeed unto Himwe shall return.

Please recite Sure Fateha.


To conclude this Majaalis of Azadari, I suggest, if possible, recite a
Nawha and do Matam for Imam Hussein (a.s) and his family
Then recite the ZI YARAT printed in this book on page 176


117




























MAJAALIS 8

THE COURTYARD OF YAZID PART 2


Please recite the small Khutbo on page 56
at the beginning of each Majaalis


118
We the Shias, the lovers of Ahlulbayt, the lovers of the family of the
Holy Prophet of Islam, during the 10
th
to 20
th
Safar every year hold
Majaalis for ten days.

These Majaalis are known as Ashre-Zainabia, the Majaalis to
remember and mourn Lady Zainabs suffering in Kerbala, Kufa and
Shaam.

Lady Zainab was born in Madina, on the 5
th
of Jamaada al Ula in the
Islamic Year 6 A.H. Her father was Imam Ali, the divinely appointed
first Imam and her mother was Lady Fatemah, the beloved daughter
of the Holy Prophet.

The Holy Prophet, because of his deep love and respect for Lady
Zainab, constantly took care of her and brought her up. Unfortunately
when she was only five years old the Holy Prophet passed
awayand just two months later she lost her mother too.

Lady Zainab was then brought up by her father Imam Ali.

The knowledge Lady Zainab received from the Holy Prophet and
Lady Fatemahand later on by Imam Ali, made her into a lady with
great qualities and attributes.

She was kind and honest. She was courageous and had the spirit of
sacrifice for Islam. She was totally devoted to the Almighty Allahs
Guided Path. She had a commanding knowledge of the Holy Quran
and the Hadith, the traditions of the Holy Prophet.

Lady Zainab was married to Hazrat Abdullah Ibne Jaffere-
Tayyarand she had four sons.

Todays Majaalis is mainly about Lady Zainabs great character.

On the 28
th
Rajab, in the Islamic Year 60 A.H, Lady Zainab and her
two sons Aun and Mohammed, with the permission of her husband
Abdullah travelled from Madina. She went on a journey with her
119
brother Imam Hussein and other family members, on a mission to
save Islam from being dismantled by the evil ruler Yazid.

On the day of Ashura, in the Islamic Year 61 A.H, she willingly
sacrificed her two young sons in Kerbala.

On the day of Ashura, besides seeing the killing of her two sons, she
also saw the killing of her dear nephewsQasim, Ali Akber and
little Ali Asgar in Kerbala.

On the day of Ashura, Zainab also saw her beloved brother Abbas
killed in Kerbala.

On the day of Ashura, Zainab also saw her beloved brother Imam
Hussein killed and his head cut off by Shimr.

On the day of Ashura, Zainab went through great pain seeing the 72
martyred in Kerbalaall in one single day.

Her suffering did not end there...

On the night of Ashura, her Hijab and that of the other ladies was
snatched away.

The tents belonging to the family of the Martyrs of Kerbala, were
burnt down. Zainab stood firm and helped the frightened ladies and
children to safety from the burning tents.

Zainab with the help of her sister Kulsum also saved Imam Zainul
Abedin, who was semi-unconscious due to illness, from the burning
tent.

This was our great lady Zainab, the daughter of Imam Ali and Lady
Fatemah. She courageously took care of the widows and children in
Kerbala.

Zainab, the other widows and orphans were insulted, humiliated and
whipped throughout the journey from Kerbala to Shaam.
120

They bore all the suffering inflicted on them by Yazids men
patiently. Imam Hussein had advised them to remain patient at all
times for the sake of saving Islam.

But in the Courtyard of Yazid, Zainab could not keep quiet anymore.

This is what angered Zainab

Yazid was seated on his throne. He had invited 700 guests to his
Courtyard to celebrate his success in Kerbala.

Imam Zainul Abedin, heavily chained, Zainab, Kulsum and the rest
of the widows, from the family of the 72 Martyrs, without their Hijab
and their hands tied, were brought into the Courtyard. They were
forced to stand in front of Yazid and his guests. The orphans of the
Martyrs were brought into the Courtyard as well.

Yazid had the head of Imam Hussein on a silver tray by his side. He
was holding a cup of wine in one hand and a stick in the other.

Yazid kept on stroking Imam Husseins head with the stick in his
handand then after a while he parted the lips of Imam Hussein with
the stickand spoke aloud to his seven hundred guests:

I wish that my ancestors, who were killed in the Battle of Badr had
been present here today. They would have rejoiced with me for what
I have achieved.

Yazid continued speaking

It has pleased the Almighty Allah to grant us victory. Look how the
Almighty Allah has caused the death of Hussein and humiliated his
family.

Yazid then recited an Ayat from the Holy Quran, which means:

121
Allah grants honour to whom He pleasesand brings to disgrace
whom He pleases.

Listen to what this evil man was saying. Yazid was saying the
Almighty Allah has honoured him by giving him victory on the
battlefield of Kerbala and disgraced Imam Hussein by killing him.
He was saying that it was the Almighty Allah who killed Imam
Hussein.

Astagh Firullah!

To make it worse, Yazid even recited an Ayat of a Holy Quran with
his Najis tongue to prove his point.

Lady Zainab, the granddaughter of the Holy Prophet, had a
commanding knowledge of the Holy Quran and could not stand it
anymorethe Holy Quran being misinterpreted and the Almighty
Allah being accused of killing the grandson of His Prophet.

Zainab was very angry with what Yazid was saying. She thought:

How dare this unclean man with the glass of wine in his hand, recite
an Ayat of the Holy Quran with his Najis tongue? How dare Yazid
insult the Holy Quran and the Almighty Allah? She could no longer
remain silentit was time for her to speak up.

Lady Zainab looked up at her nephew Imam Zainul Abedin to ask his
permission to speak. The Imam nodded his approval for Zainab to
speak in Yazids Courtyardin response to the insult on the Holy
Quran and the Almighty Allah by the drunkard Yazid.

In a firm and clear voice Zainab said:

O Yazid, son of Muawiyah! You say that Almighty Allah killed my
brother Hussein. My brother Hussein was the grandson of the Holy
Prophet, who was the Almighty Allahs most devoted creation. And
you say that Almighty Allah has honoured you, by granting the
122
victory to you. You are the grandson of Abu Sufiyan who was the
biggest enemy of the Almighty Allah.

O Yazid! Why would Almighty Allah honour the grandson of the
biggest enemy of Islam who like his grandfather hates Islam.

O Yazid! Why would Almighty Allah disgrace the grandson of his
most loved creation, who like his grandfather, the Holy Prophet loves
Islam.

O Yazid, the grandson of Abu Sufiyan! Now listen to this Ayat of the
Holy Quran:

Allah takes the soulswhen the time of their death comes

The Almighty Allah did not kill my brother Hussein. You Yazid
killed my brother Hussein, the beloved grandson of the Holy Prophet
of Islam. The Almighty Allah took his soul to Paradise when you
killed him.

O Yazid! We are the family of the Holy Prophet. We have been
trained from childhood to face hardships and suffering for Islam. We
know that those who are loved by the Almighty Allah are tried and
tested by Himand those who remain devoted and true to their faith
in Himthen only He grants His Divine favours on them in the life
hereafterwhich is permanent.

O Yazid! Do not dare distort and misinterpret the words of the
Almighty Allah.

The Almighty Allah in His unlimited knowledge gives time and
opportunitiesto see whether a man like you acts with justice or
injustice And if he continues to act unjustlythe Almighty Allahs
punishment always comes to him, sooner or later.

O Yazid! Doesnt the Holy Quran narrate the instancesof the
prophets of the Almighty Allah suffering severe hardships that at the
hands of the people to whom they were sent to preach?
123

O Yazid! Do you think by killing a Holy personlike my brother
Hussein you have become greatand the Almighty looks at you with
special grace and kindness? You have become boastful because you
have seen the matters for the time being have taken a turn in your
favour. Let me remind you what the Almighty Allah says in the Holy
Quran:

The disbelievers must not think thatOur delay in punishing them is
for their good. We only give them timeto increase their sins. For
them there will be a humiliating torture.

O Yazid! You shall soon meet your ancestorsand shall be taken to
their place in the Hellfire. At that time, you will wish that you had
been blind and deaf, so not to be able to see and hear the sufferings of
your forefathers in the Hellfire. You will also wish that, you had not
said that today was the day of rejoicing for your ancestors. Because
of what you have done and said today, has made your forefathers
suffer even more in the Hellfire.

O Yazid! You will soon go before the Prophet of the Almighty
Allahand see with your own eyes that my brother Hussein is in
Paradise. This is the promise the Almighty Allah has made to the
martyrs in the Holy Quran. He says:

Do not think of those who are killed for the cause of Allah as dead.
They are alive with their Lord

O Yazid! If you have gained something today by shedding the blood
of the grandson of the Holy Prophetyou will certainly be a loser on
the Day of Judgement. On that dayyour wealth will be no good to
youonly your deeds will count. On that day you will curse your
father Muawiyah for making you the Caliph and giving you all this
wealth that enabled you to kill the grandson of the Holy Prophet.

On the day of Judgement you will know who has been
honouredyou or my brother Hussein?
124

O Yazid! It is my brother Hussein who has been honoured by the
Almighty Allahby giving him the task of saving Islamand I
thank Almighty Allah for honouring my brother Hussein with a task
of saving His true and final religion.

Wow! What a sermon! What a reply by the great Lady Zainab! She
was so much like her father Imam Ali...bold and courageous!

Yazids seven hundred influential guests were moved to hear Zainab
speak so boldly. Their hearts were filled with praisesthey
whispered to one another:

What a bold and brave lady! After being put through so much
suffering and torture, but she still dares to defy the very same man
who has inflicted those sufferings on her. She cannot be an ordinary
lady.

Those Muslims present in Yazids Courtyard knew very well that
what Yazid did and was doing was wrong. However they still did not
speak out against Yazids wrongdoings. They were either Yazids
supporters or were more interested in saving their lives than saving
Islam.

However, Zainab by giving such a bold speech in the Yazids
Courtyard in Shaam, in front of seven hundred influential people, had
taken a step forward to deliver her brothers mission. Yazids
wrongdoings were slowly but surely being exposed.

Yazid was also stunned by Zainabs boldness. He too was shocked
and scared to hear Zainab speak out so openly and boldly right in
front of him in his own Courtyard. His nerves were in a real tatter
now. He tried to calm them by gulping more and more alcohol.

Yazid could see the admiration on his guests faces for Zainab
boldness. Yazid could see his guests were feeling sorry for the
prisonersand disgust at what he was doing to them.
125

To save the situation turning against him, Yazid pointed at Imam
Zainul Abedinand asked him in his drunkard voice:

Youson of Hussein! You tell uswho has been victorious?

Despite being weak and heavily chained Imam Zainul Abedin stood
straight and boldand spoke with clear and firm voice:

O Yazid! The final victory can only belong to those on the right
paththe path guided by the Almighty Allah.

My father Husseinwhom you have killed so mercilesslywas the
grandson of the Holy Prophet. The Holy Prophet and Lady Khadija
used to say Hussein is from me and I am from Hussein. By
killing my father you have also killed a part of the Holy Prophet.

O Yazid! My father Hussein Ibne Ali was born a Muslimand all
his life like his grandparents, he upheld the laws and principles of
Islam.

O Yazid! Why would the Almighty Allah not give victory to my
father Hussein?

O Yazid! You are the grandson of Abu Sufiyan and Hinda. Your
grandparents spent most of their lives fighting Islam and the Holy
Prophet.
O Yazid! Why would the Almighty Allah give victory to you? You
are like your grandparents, who all their lives tried to destroy the
laws and principles of Islam?

Yazid was now greatly embarrassed by the questions put forward by
Imam Zainul Abedin.

To stop Imam Zainul Abedin speaking anymoreand making the
situation even worse for him and his supportersYazid ordered the
Muezzin to recite Adhaan.

126
It was Zohr timeand not only one Adhaan was recited as
usualbut seven different Muezzins recited seven Adhaan at the
same timeto silence Imam Zainul Abedin.

Even today you can hear seven Muezzins reciting seven Adhaan
together in and around the Ummayad Mosque where Yazids Palace
was.

To silence Imam Zainul Abedin speaking furtherseven Adhaan
were recited.

When Yazids own Muezzin called out ASH-HADU-ANNA
MUHAMMADAR-RASOOLULLLAH which as you all know
means I testify that Mohammed is the Prophet of AllahImam
Zainul Abedin said to Yazid:

O Yazid! Tell us the truthwas Mohammed your grandfather or
Husseins grandfather?

O Yazid! You tell us nowwho has been victorious? You or my
father Hussein?

The truth was outand this really angered Yazid to be humiliated in
front his seven hundred influential guests.

He could not take it anymore

He ordered his guards to cut off Imam Zainul Abedins head
offthere and then.

One of the responsibilities Imam Hussein had given to his sister
Zainab was to safeguard the life of his son, who was the Imam of the
time.

As one of Yazids guards, with a sword in his hand, marched towards
Imam Zainul Abedin, Zainab rushed and stood bravely in front of the
Imamand said to Yazid:

127
O Yazid! You will have to kill me, the grand daughter of the Holy
Prophet first before you kill my nephew Alison of Hussein.

Yazid ordered his guard to kill Zainab as well.

Among the prisoners in the Courtyard .was a lady called Fiza. She
was a princess from Ethiopia, who had given up her luxurious life to
serve as a maid to Lady Fatemah. She faithfully served Lady Fatemah
and her family. After Lady Fatemahs death she served her children.
She even travelled from Madina to Kerbala with Imam Husseinand
then with Zainab and Kulsum to Kufa and Shaam. They used to call
her lovinglyMother Fiza.

Lady Fiza loved and cared for Zainab like her own child. She could
not just stand in Yazids Courtyard and watch her beloved Zainab
being slaughtered by Yazid.

Lady Fiza stood bravely in front of Zainaband said to Yazid:

O Yazid! You will have to kill me first before I let you kill my Lady
Zainab.

Yazid ordered his guard to kill Fiza too.

Lady Fiza then looked at Yazids guards, many of whom were from
Ethiopia like herand said to them:

O men from my fellow country! Arent you ashamed of yourselves?
Where is your pride? How can you let Yazid kill a woman from your
country while you watch and do nothing?

Yazids guards from Ethiopia were proud people and deeply ashamed
to hear what the woman from their country told themand they
spoke to Yazid:

O Master Yazid! Lady Fiza is right. We will not let you kill a
woman from our country right in front of our eyes. There will
128
bloodshed in your Courtyard if any of your guards kill Fiza while we
are here.

Yazid knew that his Ethiopian guards meant what they were
sayinghe quickly ordered his guards to move all the prisoners to a
prison immediately.

Let us ponder on this event of Lady Fiza.

The Ethiopian guards would not let Yazid kill a woman from their
country because she was one of them. But the Muslims who were
present in Yazids courtyard that day remained silent and did
nothing to stop Yazid from killing the granddaughter of their Prophet.

This is why Imam Hussein and his family had to give such a huge
sacrifice. It was to awaken these sleeping Muslims to the path of
truthto the path of justiceto the right path of avoiding bad deeds
and doing good deeds.

The true Islam is still with us today because of the huge sacrifice by
Imam Hussein, Auno-Mohammed, Qasim, Abbas, Ali Akber, Umme
Farwa, Umme Layla, Umme Rubab, Umme Kulsum, Zainab,
Sakina

INNA LILLAHE WA INNA ELAIHE RAJEOON!

Indeed we are Allahsand indeed unto Himwe shall return.

Please recite Sure Fateha.


To conclude this Majaalis of Azadari, I suggest, if possible, recite a
Nawha and do Matam for I mam Hussein (a.s) and his family
Then recite the ZI YARAT printed in this book on page 176


129



























MAJAALIS 9

DEATH IN THE PRISON


Please recite the small Khutbo on page 56
at the beginning of each Majaalis


130
The topic for todays Majaalis is A tragic death in the prison of
Shaam.

On the day of Ashura, in the Islamic year 61 A.H year Imam
Hussein, his faithful companions, his brothers, nephews and his sons,
including the six-month old baby Ali Asgar72 in total were
mercilessly killed in Kerbala.

Despite Imam Husseins small army, they fought bravely against
Yazids 20,000 well-equipped and trained soldiers. Their mission
was to save Islam being dismantled by Yazid.

After the 72 Martyrs deaths, their suviving families, including their
young children were taken as prisoners to Shaam. They were tortured
and insulted all the way from Kerbala to Kufa and from Kufa to
Shaam.

Imam Husseins only surviving son Imam Zainul Abedin, his sisters
Zainab and Kulsum, his daughter Sakina, his wives Umme Layla and
Umme Rubab and his brother Imam Hassans wife Umme Farwa
were all taken as prisoners from Kerbala to Kufa and then to Shaam.

These families of the 72 Martyrs of Kerbala were then locked up in a
prison in Shaam for one whole year. They were confined to suffer a
great deal in this prison.

To understand their suffering, let us first look at the condition of the
prison in Shaam. The Ahlulbayt were locked up in this prison for
nearly one whole year.

They were all locked up together in one single cell. The cell was
dark, damp and dirty. It had no chairs for sitting or beds for sleeping.
They sat and slept on the hard floor which was damp and cold at all
times. The roof had gaps and when it rained, the rainwater sipped
through it.

Imagine the prison cell in your mindand feel the suffering of the
Ahlulbayt with your heart and tears will flow from your eyes.
131

Nearly fifty people were cramped into a small room for one whole
year. The poor children had hardly any room to move around. Very
cruel and sadisnt it?

Let us now focus our minds on how Imam Zainul Abedin, Zainab and
Kulsum, the widows and their children spent their time cramped into
this prison cell.

In one tiny corner of the prison was Imam Zainul Abedin, reciting
duas most of the time and his head always in Sajdah glorifying the
Almighty Allah. Not complaining about their suffering, but praising
Almighty Allah for honouring them with the task of saving Islam.

In the other corner sat the mothers and their children on the cold,
damp and bare floor, cramped together with no room to move. They
too spent their time thanking and glorifying the Almighty Allah, to
give them patience to carry out their task of saving Islam.

The mothers and childrens eyes were constantly filled with tears.
Not because of the torture inflicted on them, but because they never
stopped thinking about that day of Ashura in Kerbala.

Lady Farwa could not stop thinking about her beloved son Qasim.

Lady Layla could not stop thinking about her beloved son Ali Akber
and Lady Rubab was also thinking about her little baby Ali Asgar.

Lady Farwa, Lady Layla and Lady Rubab were mothers, and like any
mother, loved their children very much. The biggest tragedy for a
mother is to lose her child.

These Mothers of Kerbala were no ordinary mothers. Besides
shedding tears for their children they also thanked the Almighty
Allah for honouring them by accepting their childrens sacrifices for
Islam.

132
They were sad for the loss of their children but never regreted for
what their children had died for. In fact they used to say, if they had
more children, they would have sacrificed all of them for saving
Islam.

The little orphaned children sat on the floor, with their eyes always
full of tears, also thinking and missing their fathers immensely. The
looks of sorrow, pain and sadness never left their innocent faces.

Lady Zainab suffered the most in this prison. She stood on her feet
most of the time to give to the others a little bit more space. Poor
Zainab aged so much during her imprisonment in Shaam.

Due to her hardship in the prison, Zainab became very weak. It was
because of this extreme weakness she used to offer her Wajib Prayers
sitting. She was too weak to do Ruku and Sajdah.

Besides standing most of the time and the lack of sleep, do you know
what else made Zainab so weak? Was she ill? Was she not given
enough food?

Zainab was not ill in prison and the prisoners were given food. Do
you know how much and what sort of food they were given each
day?

You will surely shed tears to hear what sort and how much food was
given to them during their long stay in prison.

Stale bread and water was brought in everyday. The few loaves of
bread brought to the prisoners were hardly enough to feed even
twenty prisoners and they were fifty. Lady Zainab ate very little if at
all and gave away most of her share of the bread to the starving
children. This is why Zainab became so weak as the days went by in
the prison.

Do you know what hurt Zainab the most in this prison cell?

133
The constant crying of little Sakina, in the prison in Shaam hurt
Zainab deeply.

Little Sakina, whose real name was Rukaya was the youngest
daughter of Imam Hussein. She was a lively child, full of love and
happiness when her father and uncle Abbas were alive. Everyone
adored Sakina because of her cheerful and loving character.

Sakina, though only three years old, could recite the whole Holy
Quran by heart. She always covered her hair and face in public. She
never missed her prayers. She was very generous and always shared
whatever she had with others. That is why everyone loved her so
much.

Imam Hussein used to say:
A house without Sakinais not worth living in.

Her uncle Abbas also loved Sakina very much. If Sakina wanted
anything, her uncle Abbas would not rest until he got her what she
wanted. There was nothing that Abbas would not do to make Sakina
happy.

Little Sakina loved her father and her uncle Abbas just as much as
they loved her.

Let us briefly recall the event of Kerbala about Sakinas thirst, and
her uncle Abbass love for her.

In Kerbala, when from the seventh Muharram no water was allowed
into the camps of Imam Hussein, the children could not tolerate the
thirst because of the extreme heat. Sakinas uncle Abbas could not
bear to see her beloved niece Sakina suffering from thirst.

On the day of Ashura, Abbas took Sakinas Mashk, the water bottle,
to get some water for Sakina and the other thirsty children from the
River Furat.

134
And you know what happened to Abbashis both arms were
chopped and he was killed before he could reach to Sakina with
water.

From that day onwards, little Sakina never again asked anyone for
water. Whenever she was persuaded to drink water by her aunt
Zainab and mother Rubab, she would burst into tears and say:

Uncle Abbasplease come backplease come back. I miss you so
muchI will never ask you to bring me anythingplease come back
to your Sakina.

Let us now recall how Imam Hussein bid farewell to his family,
including to his daughter Sakina before he went to the battlefield.

One by one, Imam Hussein said Khuda Hafiz to his wives, his sisters,
his son Imam Zainul Abedin, lying semi-unconscious in his
bedand to his beloved daughter Sakina.

Then Zainab helped her brother to mount his horse to go the
battlefield. Once Imam Hussein was mounted on his horse Zuljana
and was ready to go to the battlefield, Zuljana seemed to refuse to
take him to the field.

Imam Hussein said to his horse:

O my faithful horse Zuljana! I know you are thirsty and tired. Since
this morning you have carried me to and from the battlefield. For the
last time my Zuljana! Please take me to the battlefield.

Zuljana drew Imam Hussein attention to its legs by lowering his head
down.

Zuljana could not move and take Imam Hussein to the battlefield
because little Sakina was holding onto Zuljanas leg.

135
Imam Hussein came off his horse and took Sakina in his armsand
said:

My darling Sakina! What is the matter? I have already said Khuda
Hafiz to you...I have to go the battlefield. Your grandmother Fatemah
is waiting for me.

Sakina said to her father:

Father! I have noticed since this morningwhoever has gone to the
battle has not come back. Dad! You know thatI cannot live without
you. I have a habit of sleeping on your chest. How will I ever go to
sleep without putting my head first on your chest?

All right fatherI will let you go if you let me lay my head on your
chest first.

Little Sakina laid her head on her fathers chest for the last time on
that Ashura day.

From that tragic day of Ashura, Sakina stopped smiling. Her eyes
were always filled with tears from the day of Ashura. She missed her
father so much.

This is what made Zainab very sad; seeing her niece Sakina, who was
so cheerful before her fathers death, crying for hours day and night.

Every night, little Sakina would cry for hours, remembering her
father, before finally falling asleep.

One dreadful night, little Sakina woke up from her sleepcrying and
screaming:

Mother! Aunt Zainab! Aunt Kulsum! Lookmy father is here to
take me with himI just saw himand he told me that he has come
to take me with him

136
Sakinas mother Rubab, her aunt Zainab and Kulsum tried to comfort
her but Sakina would just not stop crying and screaming that night.
She, she kept saying:

I want my dadI want to go with my fatherwhere is he? Where is
my father?

Sakinas uncontrollable crying that night touched the hearts of all the
ladies and children around her in the prisonand they too started
crying.

The loud noise of the weeping coming from the prison woke Yazid,
who was sleeping comfortably in his Palace nearby.

He sent his guards to find out what was happening in the prison.

Yazid was told that little Sakina had seen her father Hussein in her
dreams and had woke up very distressed. No one was able to stop her
crying.

Yazid asked his guards to put the head of Imam Hussein on a silver
tray, cover it with a silk clothand then take it to Sakina in the
prison.

The Holy head of the Prophets grandson was put on a silver tray,
covered with a silk cloth and taken to the prison.

The prison guard was also in tears to hear about Sakinas dream. He
took the tray to Sakinaand placed it by her side. Sakina gently
removed the cloth from the tray.

Sakina saw the face of her father. With a huge sobshe bent down
and put her little cheeks against the cheeks of her beloved father, like
she used to do when he was alive.

She kept on sobbingbut then suddenlyshe went all quiet

137
Zainab saw Sakina was not moving at all. Sakina had also stopped
breathing.

Zainab called her nephew Imam Zainul Abedin:

My son Sajjad! Come quicklylookSakina has gone all-quiet

Imam Zainul Abedin touched Sakinas handand said:

INNA LILLAHE WA INNA ELAIHE RAJEOON

Aunt Zainab! Sakina has left usand has joined her father in
heaven.

Imam Zainul Abedin with his bare hands dug a small grave in the
prisonand buried his little sister with his own handslike his
father had done in Kerbala and buried his baby Asgar with his own
hands.

Poor Mother Rubabher husband killedher baby butcheredand
nowher little girl had also died in the prison of Shaam...

INNA LILLAHE WA INNA ELAIHE RAJEOON!

Indeed we are Allahsand indeed unto Himwe shall return.

Please recite Sure Fateha.


To conclude this Majaalis of Azadari, I suggest, if possible, recite a
Nawha and do Matam for Imam Hussein (a.s) and his family
Then recite the ZI YARAT printed in this book on page 176




138



























MAJAALIS 10

AFTER SAKINAS DEATH


Please recite the small Khutbo on page 56
at the beginning of each Majaalis


Let us first recall briefly the events leading to Sakinas death.
139

On the 28
th
of Rajab, in the Islamic Year 60 A.H, Imam Hussein left
Madina with his faithful companions and his close family members,
which included ladies and many children. Imam Hussein left Madina
with nearly 150 people; out of which half were ladies and children.

From Madina, Imam Hussein, his family members and faithful
friends first travelled to Mecca and then to Kerbala.

After travelling for nearly five months, they reached Kerbala on the
2
nd
of Muharram, in the Islamic Year 61 A.H.

On the day of AshuraImam Hussein, all his friends, brothers,
cousins, nephews and sons, except Imam Zainul Abedin were cruelly
killed72 in total were brutally murdered, some of them were
children.

When Imam Hussein left Madina they were nearly 150, but on the
night after Ashura they were only 78, nearly half of them killed in
one single day.

On the night after Ashura, the surviving family members of Imam
Hussein were looted, the ladies' Hijab were snatched away and their
tents burnt to ground. During this fiasco of looting and burning of
tents by Yazids men, quite a few children were trampled and killed
by Yazids soldiers.


Thencame the long and difficult journeys, first to Kufa and then to
Shaam. Once againquite a few children fell off from the backs of
the camels during these long journeys. Despite their mothers pleas,
they were left on the roads to die.

Nearly 30 more children from the families of the 72 Martyrs died
after Ashura, due to the cruely of Yazids men.

140
When the families of the Martyrs of Kerbala were imprisoned in the
prison in Shaamonly about 50 from the original 150 had survived
the killings and torture by Yazids soldiers.

Thenin the prison in Shaam, on the 10
th
Safar, in the Islamic Year
62 A.Hlittle Sakina, Imam Husseins 3 year old daughter, also
died. Another child from the family of the Holy Prophet died as a
result of Yazids torture and cruelty.

Little Sakina who cried for hours every day for her father, for nearly
one whole year eventually died in the prisonand was even buried in
the prison of Shaam.

Little Sakina did not die in vain. Her sacrifice and death led to a huge
step forward to complete her fathers mission.

Little Sakinas constant crying and her eventual death was the way
she helped to deliver her fathers missionof exposing Yazids
wrongdoings.

Little Sakina, like her baby brother Asgar, fought Jihad in their
unique way to save Islam.

This is the topic of todays Majaalishow Yazids wrongdoings
were fully exposedafter the death of Sakina in the prison.

While Sakina was alive she used to stand with her mother, behind the
locked gates of the prison.

Many ladies of Shaam, on their way to the market, passed through
these gates.

Many of them would stop to talk to little Sakina.

Little Sakina would recite the Holy Quran and talk about Islam to
them. They were pleasantly surprised to hear such a little girl could
read the entire Quran by heart so well.
141

As days went bythese ladies of Shaam began to like little Sakina
and became very fond of her. Some of them visited her every day.
She never told them who she was.

Then one daywhen these ladies of Shaam came to the gates of the
prison to visit Sakina, they were told that she had died in the prison
the night before.

These ladies of Shaam were very saddened and angry to hear the
death of a pious little girl, whom they had come to know, admire and
love.

These ladies of Shaam also became curiousand started asking
questions about the little girl. They eventually found out what had
happened to Sakinaand who her father wasand how Yazids men
had mercilessly killed him and his family in Kerbala.

These ladies of Shaam were utterly disgusted with Yazid for killing
the grandson of the Holy Prophetand treating his family in such
cruel way.

They decided to do something about itthey spread the news to the
rest of the people of Shaamabout what had happened in Kerbala
and who were locked in the prison in their city.

Within daysmost of the people in Shaam knew the true identity of
the prisonersand what their Caliph Yazid had done to the grandson
of their Holy Prophet.

The news about Sakinas death in the prisonand the true identity of
the prisonersand what had happened in Kerbala also reached the
ears of Queen Hinda, wife of Yazid.

Queen Hinda was a kind and pious lady.

She could not believe what she was hearing.
142

To find out the truthQueen Hinda decided to visit the prison
herself.

Queen Hinda went to the prisonand as she entered the prison cell
she was taken aback by the darkness. Once her eyes got used to the
darkness of the prisonshe saw some ladies sitting with their heads
bowed and trying to cover their faces with their long hair.

Then Queen Hinda sawa man who was thin, weak and heavily
chainedhis head protruded in Sajdah. For a momentshe did
wonder why such a pious man was treated so horridly.

Then Queen Hinda sawa freshly dug tiny grave in one corner of the
prison. A lady was resting her head on the grave.

Queen Hinda was shocked to see the freshly dug grave in the prison.
She rushed to the graveand put her hand gently on the lady sitting
beside the graveand asked her:

My good lady! Who is buried in this little grave? Why is she buried
in the prison? Who are youand to what family do you belong? For
the Almighty Allahs sakeplease tell mewho is buried in this
graveand to what family do you belong?

The lady sitting next to the grave was Mother Rubab. She slowly
lifted her head from her daughters graveand looked at Queen
Hindaand burst into tears as she tried to speak to her.

Queen Hinda then turned towards another lady who stood in a
corner surrounded by several other ladies. Queen Hinda guessed that
this lady must be the one the others regarded as leader amongst them.
The lady was none other than Lady Zainab.

Queen Hinda went to Zainab and stood beside herand said:

143
My dear lady! I have come to visit you so that I can to find
outwho you are and where have you come from. I want know
what horrible crimes you have committedto be treated in such a
harsh and cruel way by my husband Yazid.

Hinda continued speaking to Zainab

I have asked my husband Yazid about you several timesbut he has
avoided answering my questions.

There is a talk in the city among the ladiesthat a little girl has died
in the prisonand she was the daughter of my Imam Hussein, the
grandson of the Holy Prophet. PleaseI must know the truthI have
not slept properly for a few nightsI keep on seeing a Lady in my
dreamshe has been trying to tell me something

The last words of Hinda made Zainab look up at Queen Hinda

The eyes of the two ladies metQueen Hinda could see the extreme
suffering and pain in Zainabs eyes. Zainab tried to control her
feelings but she could notand burst out into tears.

Zainab and Hinda had met beforemany years ago in Kufa when
Imam Ali was the Caliph. They were close friends during that
timebut today Queen Hinda could not recognise her friend Zainab.
The hardships Zainab had suffered in the past one year had aged her
so much thatshe could not even be recognised by her close friend.

Queen Hinda looked more closely at Zainaband then with a gasp
she cried out

Ya Allah! Are my Lady Zainab? Was it Lady Fatemah who I have
been seeing in my dreams?

Ya Allah! Are you the granddaughter of the Holy Prophet

144
Ya Allah! How can this be true? Am I dreaming? Please Ladytell
mefor the sake of my Lady Fatemahare you Lady Zainab?

Zainab could not speak. She was overwhelmed with grief by the
mention of her mothers name.

With tears flowing from Queen Hindas eyes, she continued speaking
to Zainab

O lady! If you are not my Lady Zainabthen you must be related to
my Lady Zainab. You look so much like her please tell mehow
is my Lady Zainab? Where is she now? And please tell mehow
is Lady Kulsumand please tell mehow is Lady Laylaand her
son Ali Akberand how is Lady Rubab and her children? For the
Almighty Allahs sakeplease speak to me

Zainab eventually controlled her tears and spoke to Queen Hinda:

My friend Hinda! Yes I am Zainabthe daughter of Imam Ali and
Lady Fatemah

Pointing at her sister Kulsum, Lady Layla and Lady RubabZainab
said.

Hinda! My friend! This is my sister Kulsum

This is Lady Laylaher teenage son is no longer with ushe was
killed in Kerbala

This is Lady Rubabher baby Asgar was also killed in Kerbala

Zainab continued speaking to Queen Hinda

Hinda! Your husband Yazid killed my brother Hussein, my brother
Abbas and my nephews72 in total.

145
They were all killed in one single daybecause my brother Hussein
did not want your husband Yazid to dismantle and destroy Islam.

With these wordsZainab hid her face in her hands and wept
again

Hinda was shocked to hear what Zainab had said

She fell at Zainabs feetshe too wept and said

Zainabmy Lady! Please forgive meplease forgive me for not
coming here in the prison before I beg youmy Lady Zainab! In
the name of your beloved mother Lady Fatemah to forgive me for
being so careless. Please my Lady Zainab! Forgive me

Lady Zainab told Hinda My friend Hinda! You have done nothing
wrong.

Queen Hinda went to the corner where Imam Zainul Abedin was
sitting...She threw herself at his feetand with tears flowing from
her eyesshe spoke politely to the Imam

O my Imam Zainul Abedin! I seek your forgiveness for my
carelessnessI should have searched deeper into what my husband
Yazid was doing. O my Imam! Please forgive me...

Queen Hinda then looked around the prisonas if searching for
someone. When she could not see the person she was looking
forshe went back to Zainab and asked her:

I hear that Imam Husseins little daughter is also with youWhere
is she?

Zainab, with tearful eyes, said to Queen Hinda

Hinda! The little girl you are asking about was Sakinayesshe
was the daughter of my brother Hussein Hinda! See that little
grave in that cornerthat is where she is buried now
146

Hinda! Sakina died in the prison a few days agoshe never stopped
crying for her father She suffered a lot whilst she was alive. Hinda!
A few nights agoshe woke up screaming for her fatherand then
went to sleep forever

Hearing Zainab talking about little Sakinaall the ladies in the
prison, burst out into tearsQueen Hinda sat by the graveand with
tears flowing from her eyes said:

O Sakinathe daughter of my beloved Imam Hussein! I am so
sorryI will not let your death go unnoticedI will myself expose
my husbands evil doingsI promise youO beloved daughter of
my Imam

After offering her condolences and comforts to all the ladies, Queen
Hinda took permission from Zainab and Imam Zainul Abedinand
returned to her husbands Palace.

Queen Hinda left the prisoners with one aim in her mindand that
was to secure their freedom, the freedom of the Holy Prophets
family from her husbands prison.

As soon as Queen Hinda got to the Palace, she called her son
Muawiyahand told him everything that his father Yazid had done
to the grandson of the Holy Prophet and his family.

She also told him about the prisonersand the horrible way they
were being treated in his fathers prison.

Muawiyah, the only son of Yazid, was not like his father or
grandfather. He was more like his mother Queen Hindakind and
pious. He was also disgusted with his fathers wrongdoings against
the family of the Holy Prophet.

Queen Hinda and her son decided to ask Yazid to release the
prisoners immediately, with the respect and honour they deserved.

147
The very same day, without wasting anymore time, they both went
to Yazid.

Queen Hinda, with tears flowing from her eyes, looked at
Yazidand before Yazid could ask her the reason for her tears,
Queen Hinda spoke to him in a firm voice:

O Yazid! I went to your prison todayand I was very shocked and
sad to find the true identity of the people you have imprisoned for
one whole year

O Yazid! You have committed a terrible sin by killing the grandson
of the Holy Prophet. I and my son have decided thatif the family
members of the Holy Prophet are not set free today, with the respect
and honour they deservewe will tell the whole world what you
have done to the family of the Holy Prophet...

O Yazid! We are not afraid of what you will do to uswe are
prepared to die to save the family of the Holy Prophet from any
further miseries.

Muawiyah, Queen Hindas son, also with his eyes full of tears
nodded his head in approval as to what his mother was saying to his
father Yazid.

Yazid was shocked to hear his normally gentle and soft-spoken
Queen speaking to him in such a bold and firm voice. He remained
silent for few secondsthinking what to do next

His son Muawiyah thought that his evil father was thinking of
horrible punishments for themhe said to his father:

O Father! Though I am young, I can also see that what you have
done to the Holy Prophets family is the most horrible sin one can
commityou will never be forgiven by the Almighty Allah.

Yazids son Muawiyah continued
148

O Father! My mother and I have remained silent to your
wrongdoings until nowonly because we did not know the truth.
May the Almighty Allah forgive us for our carelessness in not finding
out the truth beforeand not easing the suffering of Imam Husseins
family.

O Father! We now know the truth and it will be sinful for us to
remain quiet. We demand that you free the Holy prisoners without
any delayand we want your decision here and now.

Yazid was cunning and crafty. He knew that his time was up.

His secret agents in the city had also reported to him that the ladies of
Shaam, after finding the true identity of the prisoners, were
persuading their husbands, brothers and sons to rise against him to
free the Holy prisoners.

Yazid knew that he had no choice now but to free the prisoners,
otherwise the people of Shaam would rebel against him.

To save his throne and to save his position and power he had already
decided to free the prisonersand therefore he said to his wife and
son

I will accept your plea of mercyI will accept your request to free
the prisoners honourablyI will call my chief advisorsand order
the release of the prisoners immediately both of you can now rest
in peace.

Queen Hinda still weeping bitterlysaid to Yazid:

O Yazid! Did you say peace? Do you think that my son or I can
ever have peace in our lifeafter knowing what you have done to the
grandson of the Holy Prophet and his family? Do you think we will
ever rest in peaceafter knowing that Imam Husseins beloved
149
daughter Sakina was dying in your horrible prisonwhile we lived
in comfort nearby in your Grand Palace?

Little Sakina and her death in the prison finally exposed Yazids evil
doings.

The truth was out and Yazids time was up. Imam Husseins mission
to save Islam was showing clear signs of success. Sakinas patience
and her death helped her fathers mission to take a huge step forward.

The blood of Hussein, Abbas, Ali Akber, Qasim, Aun and
Mohammed, Ali Asgar and little Sakinaand the patience of Zainab,
Kulsum, Umme Rubab, Umme Farwa, Umme Layla and Imam
Zainul Abedinfinally brought the tyrant Yazid to his kneesIslam
was finally saved by their huge sacrifices and patience.

We, the Shias, the lovers of Ahlulbayt will always remember and be
grateful to the Martyrs of Kerbala and the Holy prisoners of Kufa and
Shaamfor their huge sacrifice to save Islam.

We will always remember and mourn Imam Husseins daughter little
Sakinas death in the prison of Shaam

INNA LILLAHE WA INNA ELAIHE RAJEOON!

Indeed we are Allahsand indeed unto Himwe shall return.

Please recite Sure Fateha.


To conclude this Majaalis of Azadari, I suggest, if possible, recite a
Nawha and do Matam for I mam Hussein (a.s) and his family
Then recite the ZI YARAT printed in this book on page 176



150


























MAJAALIS 11

RELEASE OF THE PRISONERS


Please recite the small Khutbo on page 56
at the beginning of each Majaalis


151
Let us first briefly recall the events leading to the imprisonment of
Ahlulbayt in Shaam.

On the 28
th
Rajab, in the Islamic Year 60 A.H, Imam Hussein left
Madina with his family members and close companions on a mission,
to expose Yazids evil plan of dismantling and destroying Islam.
There were about 150 people with Imam Hussein when he left
Madina.

On the day of Ashura, in the Islamic Year 61 A.H, Imam Hussein
was brutally killed with his brothers, sons, cousins, nephews and
companions. 72 in total were killed on this tragic day in Kerbala by
Yazids army of 20,000 soldiers.

Imam Zainul Abedin was the only adult male from Imam Husseins
side. He survived the massacre in Kerbala because he was too ill to
take part in the Holy War.

After the 72 merciless killings in Kerbala, Imam Zainul Abedin, the
ladies and children of the Martyrs of Kerbala were taken as
prisoners first to Kufa and then to Shaam.

The journeys from Kerbala to Kufa and then to Shaam, through the
mountainous and rough Syrian Deserts were long and difficult ones.

The Holy prisoners were treated very cruelly during these journeys.
They were constantly whipped with lashes and exposed to the hot sun
for hours. They were given very little food to eat or water to drink.
Many children fell from the camels during the journey and were left
to die on the roads.

The Ahlulbayt miseries did not end once they reached in Shaam.

They were paraded on the streets and marketplace of Shaam and
then they were imprisoned for one whole year in the prison in Shaam.

152
Little Sakina, Imam Husseins beloved three year old daughter who
cried day and night for hoursremembering her father. She
eventually died in the prison and was buried in a shallow grave in this
prison of Shaam.

Some ladies of Shaam had come to know, admire and love little
Sakina while she was in prison.

After her deaththese ladies of Shaam found out who Sakina was
and what had happened to her father in Kerbala. These ladies spread
the news of the true identity of the prisoners throughout Shaam.

The people of Shaam were shocked to find out that, the prisoners
who were paraded and locked up for one whole year in Yazids
prison, belonged to the family of their Holy Prophet.

Once they knew the truth, the ladies of Shaam persuaded their
husbands and sons to rise against Yazids evil doings.

The news also reached Yazids wife Queen Hinda, who was a pious
and kind lady. From her days in Kufa she knew and loved the
Ahlulbayt.

Queen Hinda was also shocked to hear the true identity of the
prisoners. Her husband had told her lies about the true identity of the
prisoners.

Queen Hinda and her son Muawiyah gave a firm warning to Yazid to
either release the prisoners immediately with honour orthey would
expose his evil doings to the whole of his Arab Empire.

Through his spies in the city, Yazid knew about the uprising brewing
against him in Shaam. He knew that, if he did not release the Holy
prisoners immediately, the people of Shaam would rebel against him.

When Yazid had no choice but to release the Ahlulbayt, and
especially after he received a firm warning from his wife and son, he
decided to release the prisoners immediately.
153

Little Sakinas death finally exposed the evil Yazids wrongdoings.
The truth always wins in the end. The right path, the path towards the
Almighty Allah always succeeds, sooner or later.

After hearing the threats from his own wife and son, Yazid lost no
time in ordering his men, first to remove the chains and handcuffs
from Imam Zainul Abedin, untie the ladies and childrens hands. He
also ordered his men to return the Hijab to all the ladies in the prison.

Then he called Imam Zainul Abedin to his Palace...

Imam Zainul Abedin went with his aunt Zainab who was now fully
covered in proper Hijab.

Yazid welcomed Imam Zainul Abedin and Lady Zainab with utmost
respect to his Palace. Yazid actually got up from his High Chair when
Imam Zainul Abedin and Lady Zainab entered his Courtyard in the
Palace.

Allaho Akber! Truly the Ahlulbayt deserves all the respect.

After Imam Zainul Abedin and Lady Zainab had taken their seats,
Yazid said to Imam Zainul Abedin:

O Ali, son of Hussein! I am sorry to hear about the death of
Sakinathe daughter of Hussein Ibne AliI offer my condolences
to you and your family.

I also offer my apologies for all the suffering inflicted on you and
your family. I now regret taking the lives of Hussein Ibne Ali and his
family members in Kerbala.

Wow! Did you hear that?

The arrogant Yazid, who boasted about being victorious over Imam
Hussein, was actually apologising for his wrongdoings.
154

But rememberYazids apology was a very superficial one. He was
doing it only because he had no choice. The mighty sacrifice of the
Martyrs of Kerbala and the great patience of their families had put
Yazid in this position.

As usual, people who do not give a sincere apology, always give an
excuse for their wrongdoings after offering an apology.

This happens even todaythe leaders, who are following the
footsteps of Yazid also come up with silly excuses for committing
crimes against the Muslims. Inshallah one day, they too will end up
like Yazidsorry and defeated.

Yazid, after giving a superficial apology for his wrongdoings
continued speaking to Imam Zainul Abedin:

O son of Hussein Ibne Ali! Ibne Ziyad and Shimr supplied me with
incorrect information on your fathers intent

O son of Hussein! I now know thatyour father Hussein did not
leave Madina to fight against me. I know now thathe was not after
my Caliphate. His mission was to preach the true Islam. I was wrong
to believe the false information given to me by my chief commanders
in charge.

Do not believe Yazids excuses for carrying out those horrible crimes
against the family of the Holy Prophet!

Yazid was lying to save his own neck. Yazid was crafty and cunning
like his father Muawiyah.

Yazid knew very well what Imam Husseins mission was. He knew
that Imam Hussein was not interested in taking over his rule or
wealth.

155
Yazid knew that Imam Husseins mission was to save Islam, which
he was intentionally trying to destroy.

The truth isYazid knew all this, but still ordered his men to carry
out the horrible crimes against Imam Hussein and his family. Now
thathe was in danger of losing his power and wealthhe was
apologising and giving excuses for his wrongdoings.

In todays worldYazid would have been tried by a commission for
cruelty against fellow human beingsand found guilty for
committing such horrible crimes against other innocent human
beingsand would have been punished very severely.

On the Day of Judgement, Yazid will be tried by Almighty Allah and
the Holy Prophet whose grandson he killed so mercilessly. He will be
punished severely by the Almighty Allah.

Yazid was truly the most evil person.

After accepting that he was wrongand expressing his superficial
regrets for what he did in Kerbalahe continued speaking to Imam
Zainul Abedin in a desperate tone:

O Ali, son of Hussein! You and your family are now free you can
stay where you likeand go where you like as my respected guests.

Yazid continued

O Ali, son of Hussein! I now know thatI killed your father
Hussein and his family unlawfullyand for thatI offer you any
amount of blood-money you ask for the unlawful killings of your
relatives.

Imam Zainul Abedins face turned red with anger to hear that Yazid
was offering him money for killing his beloved father, uncles and
brothers.

156
But before Imam Zainul Abedin could reply to YazidLady Zainab
who was listening to Yazids offer from behind a curtain spoke to
Yazid.

Despite her extreme anger and provocation, Zainab, with tears in her
eyes replied to Yazid in a calm and polite voice:

O Yazid, son of Muawiyah! Your menon your orders killed my
beloved brother Husseinand then had his head cut off Your
menon your orderskilled my brother Husseins teenage son Ali
Akber Your menon your direct orderskilled my brother
Abbas.

Tears poured out from Zainabs eyes as she remembered her brothers
Imam Hussein and Abbasand her beloved nephew Ali Akber.

Zainab continued speaking to Yazid

O Yazid! Your menon your orderskilled Umme Farwas only
son Qasim. Your menon your orderskilled my two sons Aun and
MohammedYour menon your ordersbutchered Umme
Rubabs baby Asgar... he was only six months old

O Yazid! Your menon your orderschained and whipped
mercilessly my nephew Zainul AbedinLook at him! He is covered
with so many wounds.

O Yazid! Your menon your orderstook our Hijab, humiliated
and tortured usand then put us in your prison for one whole year.

O Yazid! Because of your torture and crueltymy bother Husseins
beloved daughterthree years old Sakina died in your prison.

O Yazid! We belong to the family of the Holy Prophet who was the
Almighty Allahs most beloved creation.

157
Do you think that Almighty Allah and His beloved Prophet will ever
forgive you for your terrible sins?

And now, you insult us furtherby offering us money

O Yazid! My brother Hussein, his family and his faithful companions
sacrificed their lives for the sake of the Almighty Allah...We
patiently bore all the miseries you inflicted on us forour mission to
save Islam from your clutches. Inshallah, the Almighty Allah in the
life hereafter shall reward us all.

O Yazid! We do not need your money. We have achieved, by the
Grace of the Almighty Allah what we set out to achieve when we left
Madina. We have been victoriouswe have stopped you dismantling
and destroying Islam. From now onbecause of my bothers
sacrificeno one will ever dare try to tamper with the laws and
principles of Islam.
.
No Yazid! We do not want any wealth from you. The Almighty Allah
and his Prophet will judge your actions. You will have to answer to
them for your injustice on the Day of Judgement.

Yazid was once again shocked by the bold reply of Zainab, the brave
daughter of Imam Ali.

Yazid was very embarrassed with Zainabs reply to his offer of
wealth. He quickly changed the subjectand spoke again to Imam
Zainul Abedin:

O Ali, son of Hussein! I am issuing orders that a house is given to
you and your familyand you are to be treated with the highest
respect befitting the family of the Holy Prophet. It is now for you to
decidewhether you desire to stay in Shaamor back to Madina.

Yazid then asked Imam Zainul Abedin.Is there anything else you
would like me to do for you and your family?

158
Imam Zainul Abedin, after consulting his aunt Zainab said:

Yes Yazid! We would like you to return to us all the heads of the
Martyrs of Kerbala which you have kept in your locker and we
would like to stay here in Shaam for seven days to mourn the death
of our loved onesand then return to Madinathrough Kerbala.

Yazid agreed to all the conditions put forward by the Imam. He was
truly a defeated man.

Imam Zainul Abedin, all the ladies and the few children left, who had
survived the long-suffering were released from the prison on the
same day. They were taken to a house in Shaam.

Later that daythe heads of the 72 Martyrs of Kerbala were brought
to the house and placed in one room.

When the Mothers of Kerbala heard that their childrens heads were
in the housethey all rushed to the room where the heads of the
Martyrs were

Lady Farwa took the head of her young Qasimplaced it on her
lap She kept on saying

My son Qasim! Your father Imam Hassan would be proud of
youand I am proud of you toobut O my brave son Qasim! I do
miss you so much...

Lady Layla took the head of her teenage son Ali Akberplaced it on
her lap She kept on saying

My son Ali Akber! You were not able to save the life of your father
Husseinbut my son Ali Akberyour life has saved IslamI am so
proud of you.

Lady Rubab took the tiny head of her baby Asgar on her lap she
also kept on kissing it and saying
159

My little soldier Asgar! You have saved Islamwe all are so proud
of you.

Do you hear what these great Mothers of Kerbala are saying to their
children? Though naturally they miss them, they are praising them
for their bold sacrifice for Islam. They are not showing any regrets
for their sacrifices.

Truly, the Mothers of Kerbala were no ordinary mothers. How can
we ever forget them? Remember the first and the best way to thank
them is to make sure thatwe remain good Muslims by following
the laws and principles of Islam.

Lady Kulsum had the head of her brother Abbasand Zainab had the
head of her brother Hussein on their lapsZainab kept on saying

O my beloved brother Hussein! Your mission has finally
succeededYazid is defeated and exposedbut my brother
HusseinI could not save your darling Sakinashe could not live
without you and Abbasshe died in the prisonplease forgive
meI am so sorry.

Many ladies from the city had come to the house to visit the family of
the Holy Prophet and to offer their condolences.

A lady from the city noticed that no one had taken the heads of two
small boys on their lap. She whispered to the other ladies:

Who are these two boys? Didnt they have a mother in Kerbala?

Lady Zainab heard herand cried out:

O my dear lady! I am their motherthey are my Aun and
Mohammedthey are my two sonsthey also bravely sacrificed
their lives to save Islam. I am also grateful to the Almighty Allah for
accepting my sacrifices

160
INNA LILLAHE WA INNA ELAIHE RAJEOON!

Indeed we are Allahsand indeed unto Himwe shall return.

Please recite Sure Fateha.


To conclude this Majaalis of Azadari, I suggest, if possible, recite a
Nawha and do Matam for Imam Hussein (a.s) and his family
Then recite the ZI YARAT printed in this book on page 176











MAJAALIS 12
ARABAEEN MAJAALIS

RETURN TO MADINA VIA KERBALA


Please recite the small Khutbo on page 56
at the beginning of each Majaalis


The topic of todays Majaalis is the surviving families of the 72
Martyrs revisit Kerbalaand then return to Madina

161
First let us remind ourselves briefly, about the events that took place
before they finally returned to Madina via Kerbala.

On the day of AshuraImam Hussein, his faithful companions, his
sons, his brothers, his nephews and cousins72 in total, were
brutally murdered in Kerbala by Yazids strong army of 20,000
soldiers.

Imam Husseins son, Imam Zainul Abedin was the only adult
survivor. He could not take part in the Jihad of Kerbala because he
was too ill on the day of Ashura.

On the day after Ashuraon Yazids orders, Imam Zainul Abedin
was heavily chained from head to toeand was forced to travel with
the ladies and the children of the 72 Martyrsfirst to Kufa and then
to Shaam.

The families of the Martyrs of Kerbala, on Yazids orders, were taken
on long and difficult journeys. They were humiliated and tortured
throughout these journeysand then finally confined to a horrible
prison in Shaam for a whole year.

Little Sakina, Imam Husseins 3 year old daughter could no longer
bear the miseries, especially being parted from her fatherand
eventually she died in the prisonand was buried there too.

Little Sakinas death caused uproar in the city of Shaam.

After Sakinas deathYazids wife Queen Hinda and her son
Muawiyah found out the true identity of the prisonersand what
Yazid had done in Kerbala. They were very upset with him for
inflicting such cruelty on the family of the Holy Prophetand they
insisted he released the prisoners immediately.

After Sakinas deaththe ladies of Sham who had come to know and
love little Sakina, also found out the true identity of the prisoners.

162
They were very upset to find out that Yazid had treated the family
members of the Holy Prophet so cruellyand was still holding them
in his prison.

The ladies of Shaam persuaded their husbands and sons to rise
against Yazid for killing the grandson of the Holy Prophetand
treating his family in such a harsh and cruel manner.

Yazids spies in the city informed Yazid that, the people of Shaam
knew the truth about the killings in Kerbala and also the true identity
of the prisonersand they were planning a mutiny against him.

Yazid had no choice but to release the prisonersespecially when his
wife Queen Hinda and his son Muawiyah threatened him that; if the
prisoners were not released immediatelythey would personally
expose his evilness to the whole of his Arab empire. Yazid decided to
release the prisoners to safeguard his power and rule.

On the orders of Yazid, the prisoners were released from prison and
given a house to live in Shaam. At the request of Imam Zainul
Abedin and Zainab, the heads of the 72 Martyrs of Kerbala were also
returned to them.

The ladies and the men of Shaam gathered in large number at the
house to offer their condolences to the Ahlulbayt.

For seven days Zainab held Majaalis at this houseto mourn the
death of the 72 Martyrs of Kerbala. This was the beginning of the
Majaalis for the 72 Martyrs of Kerbala. All praise to the Almighty
Allah, the Majaalis for the 72 Martyrs of Kerbala have continued
even todaymore than fourteen hundreds years after the first
Majaalis in Shaam.

During the seven days Majaalis in ShaamImam Zainul Abedin to
the men and Zainab to the womenfolk of Shaamnarrated in minute
detail the tragic events that took place in Kerbala, Kufa and Shaam.
163
The historians recorded everything they saidand that is why we
even today know about the tragedy in such detail.

Tears were shed for the Martyrs during these narrationsand after
the narrations, poets recited Nawhaand Matam for the Martyrs was
held.

How ironic, insulting and humiliating for Yazid?

The first Majaalis and Matam for Imam Hussein and his
familywhom he killed so mercilesslywas held in the very city of
Shaam where Yazid was the ruler... and he could do nothing to stop
it. Yazid was truly exposed and defeated in his own city.

The truth always winssooner or later.

Those on the right paththough sometimes very difficult to
followwill always achieve success, sooner or later. And
rememberthe right path is always the path of Islam.

We, the Shias, the lovers of the Ahlulbayt have continued holding the
Majaalis of Imam Hussein and his family to this very day. And by the
promise of the Almighty Allah to Imam Hussein, in gratitude for his
huge sacrifice for IslamMajaalis and Matam of Imam Hussein will
continue until the Day of Judgement.

We hold Majaalis, shed tears and do Matam for Imam Hussein and
his family becausewe love our Imam and his family and greatly
appreciate their huge sacrifice in Kerbala for Islam.

Our Majaalis, tears and Matam for Imam Hussein and his family are
also to remind us thatwe are the true followers of Imam Hussein.

We will always follow our Imams footstepsand preach and
practise the laws and principles of Islam for which he gave his life.

164
We will always perform our Wajib act, like praying daily five times
Wajib Salahand also avoid forbidden acts, like eating Haram foods
and so on. We have to do this first, which is perform our Wajib acts
and avoid Haram acts, if we truly love the Ahlulbayt. Right?

We will not compromise our belief in Islam and Ahlulbaytwe will
stand up for what is right, no matter who is trying to bring our faith
down or corrupt our belief. Right?

Our Majaalis, tears and Matam for Imam Hussein and his family are
also to remind the enemies of Islam thatwe, the followers of Imam
Hussein will always rise against anyone who follows the footsteps of
Yazid, in trying to dismantle Islam. Right?

As far as saving the laws and principles of Islam is concernedfor
the followers of Imam Hussein, every land is Kerbala and everyday is
Ashura. Right?

We, the Shias will always follow the footsteps of Imam Hussein. Our
tears and Matam for Imam Hussein and his family are a serious
pledge and commitment by us thatwe shall always safeguard Islam
and its teachings, even if we have to sacrifice our lives to do so.
Right?

Being a good Muslim is the first and best way to appreciate the huge
sacrifice by Imam Hussein and his family. Right?

Let us again focus our hearts and minds on the families of the
Martyrs of Kerbala...in Shaam.

Once Yazid was exposed of his wrongdoingshe had no choice but
to release the prisoners.

Imam Zainul Abedin, Zainab, Kulsum, Umme Farwa, Umme Layla,
Umme Rubab, Lady Fiza and few of the other ladies and children of
the 72 Martyrs of Kerbalaafter spending one whole year in a prison
of Shaamwere finally released by Yazid. He was desperately trying
165
to prevent riot in his city against his rule by quickly releasing the
Holy prisoners.

After the Ahlulbayt were released from the prison they stayed in a
house in Shaamfor seven days. This is was their choice.

Those seven days were spent with Imam Zainul Abedin and Zainab,
narrating the tragedy of Kerbala and their aftermath sufferings in
Kufa and Shaamto the people of Shaam.

Those seven days were spent holding Majaalis for the 72 Martyrs of
Kerbala.

Weeping and Matam could be heard day and night, for the entire
seven days from the house where the Ahlulbayt were staying.

After seven days of Majaalis and Matam for the Martyrs of Kerbala
in Shaam, Imam Zainul Abedin and Lady Zainab decided to depart
onto another journey journey back to Kerbala

On the 8
th
day of their release from the prison, as requested by Imam
Zainul Abedin, they were provided with horses and camelsto
return safelyto Madina via Kerbala.

On the orders of the defeated and scared Yazidthis time around,
they were treated with utmost respect and dignity, which the
Ahlulbayt fully deserved.

Imam Zainul Abedin and Zainab helped all the ladies and children to
mount the camels. Their hands were not tied and there was no
whipping this time...and more importantly, all the ladies were in full
Hijab.

As they were about to depart for Kerbala, Zainab noticed thatLady
Rubab was missing. For a moment, everyone panickedbut then
Zainab calmed them and said:

166
I know where Rubab is!

Accompanied by Imam Zainul Abedin, Zainab went to the prison.

There was Mother Rubab!

She was sitting next to her little daughters grave. Her arms spread
around the grave and her face on the gravewith tears pouring from
her eyes, she was speaking to her daughter:

My darling Sakina! They all are going back to MadinaI cannot
leave you here alone. My darling Sakina! Your mother will stay with
youI will not leave you alone in this prison

Zainab said to Mother Rubab

O Rubab! It is time to go homeplease come with us.

Mother Rubab looked up at Zainaband said:

O Zainab! Did you say home? Where is my home? My husband and
baby Asgar lie in Kerbalaand my little Sakina lies here in the
prison. My baby Asgar has his father to look after him. But Zainab!
My little SakinaMy little girlshe is all-alone here who will
look after her? She has no-one here. I cannot leave her here on her
ownplease you can all go but leave me here with my Sakina.

The mothers of Shaam comforted Mother Rubaband promised her
that they would visit little Sakinas grave everyday.

Even today, thousands of people from Shaam and abroad visit the
Shrine of little Sakinaalso known as the shrine of Rukaya.

Zainab with the help of Imam Zainul Abedin, finally managed to
persuade Mother Rubab to come with them to Madina.

Mother Rubab said Khuda Hafiz to her little girl and joined the rest.
167

It was a heartbreaking moment for Mother Rubab to leave her
daughter.

After a few days of travellingthe caravan of Imam Zainul Abedin
arrived in Kerbala on the day of Arbaeen, on the day of Chehlum,
which is the fortieth day after the day of Ashura. This was the second
Arbaeen, in the Islamic year 62 A.H.

My fellow lovers of Ahlulbayt! TodayI would like you to open
your heartand imagine the scene of; the family of Martyrs of
Kerbala visiting the graves of their beloved onesfor the first time.

The first visit to the grave of ones beloved one is a very painful
experience for anyone.

Todayon the 2
nd
Arbaeenone year and forty days after their
deathwe see the children visiting their fathers gravesfor the first
time.

Todaywe see the sisters visiting their brothers gravesfor the
first time.

Todaywe see the widows visiting their husbands gravesfor the
first time.

And most painful of all the mothers visiting their childrens
graves for the first time.

Ya Allah! It must have been like another Ashura Day.

As they reached the land of Kerbalaand dismounted their camels

Lady Kulsum rushed to the river bankwhere the grave of her
beloved brother Abbas was. She fell on the grave and cried out:

168
O Brother Abbas! Your beloved niece Sakina cried for you all the
timeand you know whatbrother Abbasshe could no longer live
without you and her father HusseinBrother Abbas! Your little
niece died in the prison of ShaamBrother Abbasplease accept
my condolences.

Mother Farwa rushed to the grave of her young son Kassim. She too
fell onto her sons graveand cried out:

My son Qasim! I missed you so muchyour sweet talk still rings in
my yearO my son Qasim! Who will cheer me up in Madinawhen
I am lonely and sad?

Mother Layla rushed to the grave of her teenage son Ali Akber. She
placed her hands on Ali Akbers gravewith tears in her eyesshe
said:

O my son Ali Akber! How is your chest? Akber! My son! We are on
our way to Madina. Living without youwill be so painful and
lonely

O Akber! How will I be able to tell your sister Fatemah Sugra
thatyou will never come back to Madina? My son Akber! You
know your sister Sugra loved you so muchhow will she be able to
live without you?

Mother Rubab rushed to the tiny grave of her baby Asgar. You can
imagineher immense sorrow at seeing the little grave of her baby.
She threw herself onto the graveand criedand criedand cried
until she fainted.

Where was Zainab?

She too was the mother of Kerbalashe had also sacrificed two of
her beloved sons in Kerbala.

Sisters have a special love for their brothers.
169

Zainab first visited the grave of her brother Hussein. She sat beside
her brothers gravewith tears flowing from her eyes onto her
brothers grave... she could be heard speaking to her brother:

O my Brother Hussein! I am so sorryyour little Sakina is no
longer with us. We have buried her in the prison of Shaam. Your
darling daughter could no longer live without you. But Brother
Hussein! Your Sakinas death has finally exposed Yazidand
awoken the Muslims of Shaam to your mission to save Islam.

O Brother Husseinyour mission has succeeded. Youand your
sons, brothers, nephews and your faithful companions have stopped
Yazid in dismantling Islam. Bravo! Brother Hussein Bravo!

Zainab sat for hours by her brothers grave, with tears flowing
constantly from her eyes. When she left the grave of her beloved
brother Husseins graveshe did not need to pour water onto it, as
one does when one visits the grave of their beloved ones. Imam
Husseins grave was filled with the tears of Zainab.

Zainab then visited one grave after anothercomforting Lady Farwa,
Lady Layla, Lady Rubab and all the other widows and orphans.

It was indeed another Ashura day. There was so much weeping. None
of the graves needed pouring waterthey were all wet with tears of
their mothers, children, sisters and wives.

Allaho Akber! It must have a heartbreaking scene.

Where was Imam Zainul Abedin?

In one single day, just over a year ago Imam Zainul Abedin had lost
so many of his close relatives.

Imam Zainul Abedin who was not allowed to give ghusl, kafan and
bury his own father, his uncles and nephews after they were brutally
170
murderedwas visiting their gravesfor the first time after they
were killed.

You can imaginethe heartache he must have felt to see the graves
of his loved onesfor the first time.

Imam Zainul had a task to complete on this day of Arbaeenon this
land of Kerbala.

Rememberhe had the 72 heads of the Martyrs of Kerbala with
him

He had to bury these 72 heads in their right graves. He had to bury
the heads of his father, uncles, brothers, cousinsand the heads of
Habib Ibne Mazahir, Hur, and John72 in total.

One by onewith help of the locals who had buried the 72
MartyrsImam Zainul Abedin dug each of the 72 gravesand
placed the head of each Martyr in the right grave.

Just imagine this sceneour poor Imam, with tears pouring from his
eyes, digging the grave of his own fatherand burying his head in
the grave. It must been so heartbreaking for our poor Imam.

Why shouldnt we, the lovers of Imam Hussein and his family
mourncryand do Matam for him and his family? No one has
suffered like this before.

After a few days of mourning in KerbalaImam Zainul Abedin and
Lady Zainab decided to return to Madina.

The task of the surviving family members of the 72 Martyrs of
Kerbala was not complete yet. The people of Madina, the Muslims of
Madina must be told about the tragedy of Kerbala, Kufa and Shaam.

171
They must also be told about Yazids wrongdoingsThey must be
told about Imam Hussein and his familys huge sacrifice for
Islam...so no one dare in future to do what Yazid tried to do.

For mothersparting with the graves of their beloved children was
very painful indeed. They cried for hoursand poor Zainab, who
herself was heartbroken to part with her own two children cried with
each mother, and comforted each one of them. Poor Zainabher
heartache just went on and ontears never stopped flowing from her
eyes

Finallythey all left on another journeythe return journey to
Madina.

The journey back was full of anguish. Everyone was quiet and deep
in his or her thoughtthinking about their fathers, brothers and sons
who they were leaving behindburied in the graves in Kerbala.

Zainab was worried the most. She was thinking how she was going to
tell her niece Fatemah Sugra, who was in Madinaabout her
brothers Ali Akber and Ali Asgarand about her sister Sakina.
Fatemah Sugra had also that special sisterly love for her brothers Ali
Akber and Ali Asgar.

As the caravan reached the outskirts of MadinaImam Zainul
Abedin asked for two large tents to be erected. He sat in one and
Zainab, with all other ladies sat in the other tent.

A messenger was sent to Madinato inform the people of Madina
that the family of the Holy Prophet had arrived from Shaam.

The people of Madina, who by now had already heard of the tragedy
in Kerbalarushed from their houses to the two tents to meet and
offer their condolences to the bereaved family of their beloved
Prophet.

172
Thousands of people of Madina gathered around Imam Zainul
Abedin and Lady Zainab.

Imam Zainul Abedin to the men and Lady Zainab to the womenfolk
narrated the merciless killings that took place in Kerbalaand
how they were treated as prisoners in Kufa and Shaam. Majaalis of
Imam Hussein and his family was established in Madina too.

The people of Madina were shocked to hear about suffering of the
family of their Holy Prophet in Kerbala, Kufa and Shaam. There was
so much crying during these Majaalisduring these gatherings to
mourn the death of Imam Hussein and his family. Their cries could
be heard far away.

Then Zainab spotted Fatema Sugra entering the tent Fatema Sugra
was the daughter of Imam Hussein who was left behind in Madina
because of her illness. This is the moment Zainab was very worried
about.

Zainab prayed to the Almighty Allah to give her couragecourage to
tell Fatemah Sugra about her father, her brother Ali Akber, her baby
brother Ali Asgar and her little sister Sakina. Fatemah Sugra was
very fond of them.

Fatemah Sugra cried for hours when they left her in Madina. She
used to ask her grandmother everyday that when they would come
back to Madina. She missed them so much. She was so excited when
she heard that they were all back in Madina.

Zainab rushed to Fatemah Sugra when she saw her entering the tent.
She put her arms around Fatemah Sugra and brought her inside the
tent.

Fatemah Sugra looked aroundsearching every cornerand then
she asked:

Aunt Zainab! Where is my little sister Sakina?
173

She called out for her little sister

Sakina! Where are You? Come to me. Let me hug and kiss you. I
have missed you so much. Please come to your sister.

Tears flowed from Zainabs eyes. Mother Rubab was crying too. All
the ladies in the tent started crying when they heard Fatemah Sugra
calling Sakina

How can one tell Fatemah Sugra thatSakina was not thereshe
was in Shaamburied in a prison?

Fatemah Sugra knew from their tears that her sister Sakina was not
there. She then looked at the lap of Mother Rubaabthere was no
baby on her lap. She cried out:

Not my baby brother Asgar too? How can anyone be so cruel to kill
such a small baby? Please someone talk to metell me where is my
baby brother Asgar and where is my brother Ali Akber?

Zainab picked up the courageand told Fatemah Sugra:

My dear niece Sugra! Your sister Sakina is lying in the prison of
Shaam...and your baby brother Asgar is lying in Kerbalawith your
father Husseinand your brother Ali Akber.

Can you imagineFatemah Sugra, only 12 years old, being told that
her father had died, her brothers had diedand her sister had died
too.

When she heard this terrible newsshe screamed outand fainted
with grief. Her heart could not take so much pain. Poor Fatemah
Sugra!

After a few days of mourning in the tentsImam Zainul Abedin,
Zainab and all other ladies returned to their homes in Madina.
174

Zainab had a home in Madina. She was returning to her home
without her two sons Aun and Mohammed.

Zainab did not cry when her two sons Aun and Mohammed were
killed in KerbalaShe did not even cry when the heads of her two
sons were brought to her...She did not even cry when she visited their
graves in Kerbala.

But todayZainab has returned to her homeher two beloved sons
were not with her.

She entered her house and went straight to Aun and Mohammeds
room...Zainab could no longer control her tears when she saw the two
empty beds of Aun and Mohammedshe cried out:

Auno-Mohammed! my dear sons Aun and Mohammed! How will
your mother live without you

Zainab sat by Aun and Mohammeds bed and criedand criedand
cried

INNA LILLAHE WA INNA ELAIHE RAJEOON!

Indeed we are Allahsand indeed unto Himwe shall return.

Please recite Sure Fateha.


To conclude this Majaalis of Azadari, I suggest, if possible, recite a
Nawha and do Matam for Imam Hussein (a.s) and his family
Then recite the ZI YARAT printed in this book on page 176




175























ZIYARAT
To be recited at the conclusion of every Majaalis

As Salamo Alaika Ya Rasoolalllah,
As Salamo Alaika Ya Wali Allah,
As Salamo Alaiki Ya Sayyedatun-Nisa il Aalameen,
As Salamo Alaika Ya Hassan-al-Mujtaba .

As Salamo Ya Aba Abdillah,
As Salamo Alaika Wa Ala Jaddateka Wa Ukhtaika Wa Akheeka,
As Salamo Alaika Wa Alal Masoomeena Min Zurriyyatika Wa
Baneeka,
As Salamo Alaika Wa Alal Mustashhideena maaka
176

As Salamo Alaikum Wa Rahmatullahe Wa Barakatohu.


Salutation be to youO the Prophet of Allah,
Salutation be to youO the first Imam of Allah, (Imam Ali (a.s))
Salutation be to youO the Chief of the Women in the worlds,
(Fatemah Zehra (a.s))
Salutation be to youO Imam Hassan-al-Mujtaba (a.s).

Salutation be to youO Aba Abdullah (Imam Hussein (a.s)),
Salutation be to your Grandmother (Lady Khadeeja).
your sisters ( Lady Zainab (a.s) and Umme Kulsum (a.s))
and your brother (Abbas (a.s)),
Salutation be to youand to the Imam in your progeny,
Salutation be to youand all those who secured martyrdom with you.

Salutation be to you alland also mercy of Allah.


Please Recite SURE FATEHA.



WHY AZADARI?

PART 1 MAJAALIS OF IMAM HUSSEIN (A.S)

What is Azadari?

Azadari are all those acts, which we carry out to remember and
mourn the death of Imam Hussein (a.s) and his family.

Reciting Marthiya, recalling the tragic events of Kerbala, Kufa and
Shaam and shedding tears, reciting Nawah and doing Matam are all
forms of Azadari for Imam Hussein (a.s) and his family.

177
Alam, Tabut, Julus, serving Tabaruk and Saabil, giving donations to
charity, especially in the name of the Martyrs are all also important
forms of Azadari.

This is the first of three parts of Why Azadari? It deals with
Majaalis of Imam Hussein (a.s) and his family as a form of Azadari.

Popularity of Majaalis of Imam Hussein (a.s) and his family

Every year, especially during the month of Muharram and Safar,
Majaalis of Imam Hussein (a.s) and his family are held in thousands
of Shia Islamic Centres throughout the world, and this has been going
on for more than fourteen hundred years.

Millionsyesmany millions of people of all ages, cultures and
races attend these Majaalis.

What purpose does the Majaalis of Imam Hussein (a.s) and his family
serve? What benefit does one get by attending these Majaalis? A
great deal.

Majaalis: A unique teaching institution

Let us first see what happens during these Majaalis, and you will see
yourself the great benefit these Majaalis serve to those who attend
themand also to Islam and other Muslims in general. Majaalis have
current and future benefits for the progress of Islam.

Majaalis of Imam Hussein (a.s) and his family is a unique and
extraordinary type of a Madressa. It is an extraordinary type of
Islamic teaching school. Those attending these Majaalis are taught a
variety of subjects related to Islam, Muslim brotherhood and unity.

Why do I say it is a unique and extraordinary teaching school?

In Majaalis of Imam Hussein (a.s) and his family, the recitor from the
pulpit of the Holy Prophet preaches students of all ages children
178
and adults of all agesin one classroom. We are not segregated into
different classrooms because of our age or learning ability. This is
one reason why I say; Majaalis of Imam Hussein (a.s) is a unique
teaching schoola Madressa where students of all ages are given a
lecture in one big classroom.

In these Majaalisin these Madressa classes we do not only hear
about the tragedy of Kerbala, Kufa and Shaam, but we also learn
about Oneness, Justice and Glory of the Almighty Allah.

In these Majaalis, one also learns about what is preached by the Holy
Quran.

In Majaalis of Imam Hussein (a.s) and his family, one is also
informed about the traditions, the Sunnah acts of the Holy Prophet
(s.a.w).

One is also reminded about the Wajib, Haram and Halal acts.

One is also reminded about the rewards and punishments in the life
hereafter.

So much is learnt about Islam and its teachings from attending and
listening to the Majaalis of Imam Hussein (a.s) and his family.

In Majaalis of Imam Hussein (a.s) and his family, one is encouraged
to follow the perfect footsteps of the true twelve Imams.

A good Islamic code of behavior, towards all human beings, is also
encouraged during these Majaalis.

In these Majaalis, we are also informed about the importance of
Muslim brotherhood and unity. This is what I mean by; Islam and
Muslims also benefit from the Majaalis of Imam Hussein (a.s).

Can you see what a wonderful gathering Majaalis of Imam Hussein
(a.s) is?
179

Can you see what a great deal of purpose it serves?

Thanks to Lady Zainab (a.s) who laid the foundation of Majaalis of
Imam Hussein (a.s) in Shaam, and by the Grace of Almighty Allah, it
has continued for fourteen hundred years, and by Will of Almighty
Allah will continue till the Day of Judgement.

Majaalis of Imam Hussein (a.s) and his family have lasted for so long
because it is so good.

Imam Husseins (a.s) mission of waking Muslims to avoid bad deeds
and to do good deeds continues even todaythrough Azadari of
holding Majaalis in his name.

Every Muharram and Safar, without any doubt many attendees of
Majaalis of Imam Hussein (a.s) graduate to be better Muslims. You
can even say that Majaalis of Imam Hussein (a.s) is not just a unique
Madressa but a high class university.

By attending, listening and practising what we are taught in the
Majaalis of Imam Hussein (a.s), we do become better human beings
and good Muslims.

We see those not praying their Wajib Salah, start doing so after
attending and listening to the Majaalis of Imam Hussein (a.s). We
also see those, doing Haram acts stop doing so, after taking part in
the Azadari of Imam Hussein (a.s).

Shias & the Ahlulbayt

Imam Hussein (a.s) died to please the Almighty Allah by saving His
great and final religion. In returnAlmighty Allah has promised
Imam Hussein (a.s) and his mother Lady Fatemah (a.s) to keep his
sacrifice alive in the minds and hearts of a special group of people
until the Day of Judgement.

180
Who are these special people created by the Almighty Allah to keep
Imam Hussein (a.s) and his familys sacrifice alive until the Day of
Judgement?

It is we, the Shias, the friends and lovers of Ahlulbayt. We have been
selected by the Almighty Allah to keep Imam Hussein (a.s) and his
familys sacrifice for Islam alive.

The Almighty Allah has instilled a special love in Shias hearts for
Ahlulbayt.

No wonder that when the Muharram comesmillions of Shias, all
over the world are attracted like a magnet to Azadari of Imam
Hussein (a.s) and his family. This is the Almighty Allahs miracle.
This is an ongoing miracle of Imam Husseins (a.s) sacrifice.

The Shia Islamic Centres in the West

By the Grace and Will of Almighty Allah, the number of Shia Islamic
Centres established in the name Ahlulbayt is rising every year, at a
remarkable rate.

Let us see what has happened in the West.

Ask the people who emigrated in the early seventies from Eastern
and Middle East countries, to come to live in Europe and America.

How many Shia Islamic Centres were there during that time?

Just about thirty years ago there were hardly any Shia Islamic Centres
in Europe and America.

But now, by the Grace of Almighty Allah, Majaalis of Imam Hussein
(a.s) are being held in most of the towns in the West and many
millions are able to attend the Majaalis of Imam Hussein (a.s) and his
family.

181
In the last thirty years, thousands of Shia Islamic Centres, named
after the Holy Prophet (s.a.w) and his family have been established
successfully in the West. Every year many more and larger Shia
Islamic Centres are being built to accommodate the ever increasing
numbers of mourners for Imam Hussein (a.s) and his family. This is
not just in the West but throughout the world

The huge donations to build these Shia Islamic Centres have mainly
come from Shias themselvesand most of funds are collected in the
name of Imam Hussein (a.s) and his family during the Azadari in
Muharram and Safar.

Most of these Shia Islamic Centres have been established as a direct
result of the desire of the lovers of Imam Hussein (a.s), to gather and
to hold Majaalis to remember and mourn his death. And
rememberthese Shia Islamic Centres are not only used for
Majaalis. Daily Salah and Madressa classes are also held in these
Centres.

Churches and synagogues are closing down while Shia Islamic
Centres and mosques are increasing in number throughout the world,
surprisingly more so in the non-Muslim countries.


Rapid rise of Islam

Today, the Holy Quran is the most read book in the worldand this
a true fact, especially after the 9/11 event in America.

Today, Islam is the fastest growing religion in the world.

Many reverts are first converting to other sects of Islam, but after
finding out about the Ahlulbayts devotion to Islam and the great
sacrifice of Imam Hussein (a.s) in Kerbala, they shift to the right
paththe path of Ahlulbayt. They become the followers of
Ahlulbayt. They become Shias.

182
We must salute the initial hard work done by our fellow Muslim
brothers for converting non-Muslims to Muslimsand we must also
pray that all Muslims are soon guided to the right paththe path of
Ahlulbayt. (Ameen)

The unity of Muslims under one leader

To fight the injustice of the enemies of Islam, all the Muslims will
have to unite and together defeat our common enemies of Islam.

This universal Muslim unity can only be achieved by following the
leader appointed by the Almighty Allah. A leader who is absolutely
and truly devoted to Islam. A leader who is faultless and sinless. A
leader who has been purified by the Almighty Allah of all sins.

Where and how do we find such a leader?

Have we got such a leader?

Yeswe have!

Such a leader can only be from the family of the Holy Prophet
(s.a.w). The family of the Holy Prophet (s.a.w) has been purified by
the Almighty of all sins.

We do have such a leader! He is our 12
th
Imam

Imam Al Mahdi (a.s) is alive even today but hidden from our sight by
the Will of the Almighty Allah. One day, Inshallah soon, on His
Almightys order, he will end his occultation, his Gaybat to take
control of the world, to bring justice through Islamic rule.

One day soon, by the Will of the Almighty Allah, all Muslims will
unite under the leadership of Al Mahdi (a.s) and then Islam and
Muslims will rule the world justly.

183
The growth of Islam at a remarkable rate is a proof of this. The whole
world thinks that Islam will soon rule the world. Listen to what a
British Christian says to his son:

A documentary-titled Children of Abraham was shown on British
TV Channel 4, on 2
nd
May 2004. It showed a white British convert
talking about Islam to his Christian father.

He said to his father:

Dad! One day I would like to move to an Islamic country so that my
children are brought up in an Islamic environment.

His dads reply is worth pondering about.

He said:

My son! You wont need to move anywhere. By the time your
children grow up, Britain will be an Islamic country.

The way Islam is spreading and growing throughout the world, East
and West, soon the whole world will be an Islamic world.

A leader, a descendant from the Holy Prophet (s.a.w), Al Mahdi (a.s)
will be introduced to the world through Majaalis of Imam Hussein
(a.s).

Islam will soon rule the world under Al Mahdis (a.s) leadership. The
signs of it happening are all thereand this is what is scaring the
corrupt ones. The sooner the rest of the Muslims realise this fact, that
is the coming of Al Mahdi (a.s), the quicker we will have Islamic rule
in the world.

Millions of people in every corner of the world attend the Majaalis of
Imam Hussein (a.s) and his family.

184
Majaalis of Imam Hussein (a.s) are being broadcasted live on
worldwide television, radio stations and on Internet sites, especially
during Muharram and Safar. Just a few years ago no one would have
believed that this would be happening, especially in the West.

Today, millions of even non-Muslims know who Imam Hussein (a.s)
was and how he sacrificed his and his familys lives to save Islam.

Today, millions of people are aware of the Awaited Guide, Al Mahdi
(a.s), through listening to the Majaalis of Imam Hussein (a.s) and his
family. It will be no surprise for the world when he ends his
occultation, his Gaybatand declares Islamic rule throughout the
world.

Unity among Muslims must be achieved soon and it must be under
the banner of Ahlulbaytthe pure, faultless and sinless ones. No
other way is possible. Like I saidthe sooner the rest of our Muslim
brothers realise this, the faster we will achieve the unity and Islamic
rule throughout the world.

Unity at the expense of sacrificing the love for Ahlulbayt is not
possible and would not be long lasting.

Imam Hussein (a.s)sacrificed his own lifeand the lives of his
dear sons, his dear nephews, his dear brothers and close friends, so
that Islam could shine till the Day of Judgement

Even today, there are enemies of Islam who would like to destroy
Islam and its followers, but because of the huge sacrifice in Kerbala
on the day of Ashura, Islam will never be destroyed.

The discussion about Why Azadari? continues in the second part of
this chapterthe purpose and benefits of Matam for Imam Hussein
(a.s) and his family.



185























WHY AZADARI?

PART 2 MATAM FOR IMAM HUSSEIN (A.S)

What is Azadari?

Azadari are all those acts, which we carry out to remember and
mourn the death of Imam Hussein (a.s) and his family.

Reciting Marthiya, recalling the tragic events of Kerbala, Kufa and
Shaam and shedding tears, reciting Nawah and doing Matam are all
forms of Azadari for Imam Hussein (a.s) and his family.

186
Alam, Tabut, Julus, serving Tabaruk and Saabil, giving donations to
charity, especially in the name of the Martyrs are also important
forms of Azadari.

This is the second of three parts of Why Azadari? It deals with
Matam for Imam Hussein (a.s) and his family as a form of Azadari.

Muslims and Ashura Day

Many countries in Asia, Africa and the Middle East have a national
holiday on Ashura Day, to mourn the brutal murder of the grandson
of the Holy Prophet (s.a.w) of Islam.

Did you know that nearly one billion people, every year, mourn for
the tragic event in Kerbalaand they are not all Shias.

All Muslims, whether Shia or not, believe that Imam Hussein (a.s),
the grandson of the Holy Prophet sacrificed his life for truth and
justice.

All Muslims, whether Shia or not, believe that Imam Hussein (a.s)
and his familys huge sacrifice in Kerbala saved Islam from being
destroyed by evil Yazid.

We must remember that not only Shias mourn the tragedy of
Kerbalaeven Sunnis do. The Sunnis are neither enemies of Imam
Hussein (a.s) nor are they friends of Yazid.

No Sunnis think that what Yazid did was right. All Muslims are
grateful to Imam Hussein (a.s) and his family for their huge sacrifice
to save Islam.

All Muslims call Imam Hussein (a.s) the King of Martyrs. Many
Sunnis name their children Ali Asgar, Hussein, Abbas, Qasim, Ali
Akbar, Sakina, Zainab, Kulsum and so onto honour the Martyrs of
Kerbala, their children and families.

187
Have you met any Muslim called Yazid or Shimr or even Muawiyah?
Most probably not, because Muslims do not consider them to be
heroes.

Those people, whether Shias or Sunnis, who fight with each other,
especially during Muharram are committing a major sin.

Kerbala WAS NOT a battle between Sunnis and Shias.

We, the Shias, must talk and explain about the tragedy of Kerbala,
our undying love for the Ahlulbayt and the coming of Al Mahdi (a.s)
to our other Muslim brothers in a manner which does not result in a
fight.

We must always respect others faith and beliefs, so that they can
respect our faith and beliefs. To say to anyone that you are a Kafir or
Yazid is a sure way to start a fight.

The enemies of Islam will try to divide the Muslims to weaken their
strength. They best achieve this by bringing up our minor differences.
It is up to all Muslims to make sure that the enemies of Islam do not
succeed in dividing usand making us weak. We are not saying that
we should compromise in our love for Ahlulbayt for the sake of
unity. Unity without the love of Ahlulbayt cannot last for long.

An extraordinary and unique form of mourning

Not only Shias mourn the tragedy of Kerbalaevery true Muslim
mourns the massacre in Kerbala. However not all Muslims mourn
Imam Husseins (a.s) death in the manner Shias do.

In fact this is where the problem lies. Many of our Muslim brothers
fail to understand and some even criticise our extreme and unusual
way of mourning for Imam Hussein (a.s) and his family.

Many of our fellow Muslim brothers fail to understand why do we do
Matambeat our own chest while mourning for the Martyrs of
188
Kerbala. Some say that we are harming ourselves by beating our
own chestand harming oneself intentionally is not permitted in
Islam.

It is the duty of every Shia, with calmness and cool head to explain to
our fellow Muslim brothers why we still do Matam to mourn the
terrible massacre of Imam Hussein (a.s) and his family, though more
than fourteen hundred years have gone by.

I must say that it is not an easy task to convince someone about
Matam, but let me try to explain why we do Matam.

Matam is indeed a unique form of Azadari. Normally people shed
tears to mourn the death of their loved onesfor only a short period
after their death.

Unique and extraordinary sacrifice

To explain why we do Matam, first one has to know whom do we do
Matam for.

We do Matam for Imam Hussein (a.s) and his family.

Without their unique, unmatched and extraordinary sacrificethe
true Islam and the original Holy Quran would not be with us today.
This is an absolute fact and no true Muslim would deny it.

Let us see how Imam Hussein (a.s) and his family saved Islam.

If Imam Hussein (a.s) had accepted Yazids way of lifestyle, for
example, Yazids way of engaging in Haram acts of drinking and
gambling, then the Muslims of the past, present and future would
have given a valid excuse to engage in the same Haram acts like
drinking and gambling by saying

189
Who are we to resist these temptations of drinking and gambling
when Imam Hussein (a.s), the grandson of the Holy Prophet (s.a.w)
had also accepted Yazids way of life?

Imam Hussein (a.s), by rejecting Yazids unjust leadership and his
un-Islamic way of lifestyle, the major sins like drinking and gambling
have still remained Haram. This applies to all dos and donts of
Islam.

Imam Hussein (a.s), by rejecting Yazid made sure that all true dos
and donts of Islam, as preached in the Holy Quran and by the Holy
Prophet are firmly secured till the Day of Judgement. This is why we
Muslims believe that Imam Hussein (a.s) saved the true Islam and the
Holy Quran.

How did Imam Hussein (a.s) stop Yazid dismantling Islam?

Imam Hussein (a.s), his companions and his family members gave a
sacrifice in Kerbala, Kufa and Shaam, which has not been matched in
history so farand will never be matched in the future.

Imam Husseins (a.s) sacrifice was a huge one. Imam Husseins
sacrifice was a unique one. Imam Husseins (a.s) sacrifice was
extraordinary.

In one single day, Imam Hussein (a.s) sacrificed his own life and the
lives of his 72 beloved companions and family members, and after
his death, his surviving family members were insulted, tortured and
eventually put in a prison for a whole year.

Did Imam Hussein (a.s) know what would be the outcome when he
refused to accept Yazid as the leader of Islam?

Yes! Imam Hussein (a.s) knew the outcome beforehand. He knew
that he would be killed and his sons would be brutally murdered too.
He also knew that his surviving family would have to face severe
hardship and calamities after his death. Despite knowing all these, he
190
still refused to give an oath of allegianceBaiat to Yazid. This is
what makes Imam Husseins (a.s) sacrificean extraordinary and a
huge one.

Were Imam Hussein (a.s), his companions and his family members
given a choice to save their lives and suffering?

Yes! Imam Hussein (a.s) was given a choice by Yazid to save his life.
He was also offered a huge bribe of wealth and power to live
comfortably for the rest of his life with his family. In turn, Imam
Hussein (a.s) conveyed this choice to his family and his companions
to save their lives and suffering.

Purely for the sake of saving Islam, Imam Hussein (a.s), his
companions and his family, without any hesitation rejected the choice
given by Yazid of saving their lives and suffering at the expense of
letting Yazid dismantle Islam.

Despite having a comfortable choice, Imam Hussein (a.s) chose death
in the path of the Almighty Allah. This is what makes his sacrifice a
unique, extraordinary and a huge one.

If Imam Hussein (a.s) had remained quiet, like many key Muslims
did, and not gone on a mission to expose Yazids evil intent of
destroying Islam, he would have saved the lives and suffering of his
loved ones.

The famous writer, Dr. K. Sheldrake on Imam Hussein (a.s) has said:

Hussein marched with his little company; not to glory, not to power
or wealth but to extraordinary, greatest and unique sacrifice, and
every member of his brave group, male and female, young and old,
knew that the enemies were merciless who were not ready to fight but
to kill.

Charles Dickens, a well known and famous English writer had said
the following about Imam Hussein (a.s):
191

If Hussein fought to fulfill his worldly desires then I do not
understand why his sisters, wives and children accompanied him. It
stands to reason therefore, that Hussein sacrificed purely for Islam.

Sir Mohamed Iqbal says:

Imam Hussein (a.s) uprooted dictatorship and injustice by leaders
forever till the Day of Judgement. He watered the dry garden of
freedom with the flowing wave of his blood, and indeed he awakened
the sleeping Muslim nation and saved Islam.

Muslims and learned non-Muslims agree that Imam Husseins (a.s)
sacrifice was indeed the greatest, extraordinary and unique and it
was purely to save Islam.

Matam: unique and extraordinary mourning

A unique, extraordinary and a huge sacrifice by Imam Hussein (a.s)
and his family deserves a unique, extraordinary and huge
appreciation a real big thank you forever and ever. Dont you
agree?

This is where Matam for the Martyrs comes in.

Shedding tears for our departed loved ones is an ordinary and a
normal form of mourning

Matam is a unique, extraordinary and huge form of mourningAnd
this is what Imam Hussein (a.s) and his family deserve for their
unique, extraordinary and huge sacrifice.

Matam is a form of Azadari and we the Shias are proud to do it for
Imam Hussein (a.s) and his family, to show our huge
appreciationto say a special and big thank you in a unique and
extraordinary way for what they did for us. A huge task performed
successfully deserves huge appreciation. And we do it with Matam.
192

Rewards of Matam for Imam Hussein (a.s) and his family

There is absolutely no compulsion for anyone to do Matam, but those
who do Matam for Imam Hussein (a.s) and his family will surely be
rewarded by the Almighty Allah, who also loves Ahlulbayt a great
deal.

The mother of Imam Hussein (a.s), Lady Fatemah (a.s) is bound to be
grateful to those who mourn for her loved ones in such a huge way.
She would surely reward them on the Day of Judgement by
recommending them to the Almighty Allah to make their trial and
suffering easier during the difficult journey after death and on the
Day of Judgement.

BUT we must all remember thatLady Fatemah (a.s) will be very
unhappy and would not recommend those mourners of her son who
fail to perform their Wajib acts, like daily Wajib Salah, and fail to
avoid Haram acts.

When we mourn for the suffering of the Ahlulbayt in Kerbala, Kufa
and Shaam, we are showing them that we love and care for their
feelingsAND one who loves and cares for someone does not make
him or her unhappy. By being a good Muslim first, is the best way to
please the Ahlulbayt.

Matam is an extreme way of mourning to show our extreme love for
the Ahlulbayt.

Matam and performing Wajib act go hand in hand. Doing Matam and
Haram acts with the same hands is like saving a drowning person and
then stabbing him. It is like saving a life with one hand and then
taking it with the other.

Those Shias who are not performing their Wajib act but never miss
attending Majaalis of Imam Hussein (a.s) and doing Matam for him
193
and his family, will Inshallah one day become good Muslims by the
blessings of Lady Fatemah (a.s) Ameen.

But those Muslims who are not good Muslims and also stay away
from Azadari of Imam Hussein (a.s) have very little hope of
becoming good Muslims.

Encourage your not so-good Muslim friends and relatives to come to
Azadari of Imam Hussein (a.s), and Inshallah, by the blessings of
Lady Fatemah (a.s) they will become good Muslims. Ameen.

Mothers and Matam

We should invite those claiming that Matam is harmful to our Matam
gatherings and let them observe themselves the miracle of Matam for
Imam Hussein (a.s).

Let them watch our young children and youths, without any fear
doing Matam for Imam Hussein (a.s) with great pride.

Let them observe the parents of these young children letting their
children do Matam for Imam Hussein (a.s) with great intensity. Do
these parents look worried? On the contrary, they will notice pride in
their eyes; proud of seeing their precious little ones doing Matam for
Imam Hussein (a.s) and his family. When one does something to
harm oneself, one does not do it with pridefear will show on their
faces.

Let them observe that mothers and fathers actually encourage their
young ones to do Matam.

Parents, especially a mothers natural instinct would be to protect her
child against any harm. Therefore, a mothers natural instinct would
be to stop and not to encourage her child to do Matamif it was
harmful. Agreed?

194
A Shia parent who loves the Ahlulbayt and truly appreciates what
they have done for Islam will never stop their child from doing
Matam for Imam Hussein (a.s) and his family.

Matam has survived for more than fourteen hundred years and is
getting stronger day by day. If it was harmful, the chances are that it
would have died a natural death.

Now let us examine Why mothers actually encourage their young
ones to do Matam for Imam Hussein (a.s)?

Mothers encourage their children to do Matam for Imam Hussein
(a.s) because

She knows that their little ones find Matam very exciting and because
of it, are attracted to the Majaalis of Imam Hussein (a.s)! As I have
fully explained in the first part of this chapter that Majaalis of Imam
Hussein (a.s) is a unique form of an Islamic school where one
graduates to become a better Muslim.

All Muslim mothers would like their children to be good
Muslimsperforming their Wajib acts and avoiding Haram
actsand this is the key message one receives when they listen to the
Majaalis of Imam Hussein (a.s).

Shia mothers encourage their children to do Matam for Imam
Hussein (a.s) because they know that Matam for Imam Hussein (a.s)
will prepare their childrens hearts and minds for Jihadto fight
bravely for Islam when necessary.

Shia mothers also know that Lady Fatemah (a.s) sends her blessings
on those who do Matam for her son Imam Hussein (a.s) and they
would not like their children, their loved ones missing out on these
blessings which would protect their children from harmin this
world and the world hereafter.

195
Matam is no doubt an intense form of mourning and therefore has
extraordinary huge benefits for the mourners.

A mother knows by her natural instinct, placed in her heart by the
Almighty Allah that Matam for Imam Hussein (a.s) and his family,
no matter how aggressively or in what form it is done, will not harm
her child. A mothers natural instinct, especially for her child can
never be wrong.

Ask those who say Matam is harmful; do you think a mother would
let her child do Matam if it was harmful?

Saddam Hussein and Matam

Saddam Hussein, the tyrant ruler of Iraq, who was removed from
power by the Americans in 2003, was not scared of anything.

Saddam let Shias in his country do any form of Azadari for Imam
Hussein (a.s) and his family but not Matam. Those who are against
Matam should seriously ponder over this fact.

Was it because he thought it was against the Islamic laws?

No. Saddam did not care about Islamic laws.

Saddam was like Yazid, drinking wine and gambling was his best
past time. He killed thousands of innocent and pious people during
his rule. He was a tyrant and oppressed his people unjustly.

Was it because Saddam loved his Shia people so much and was
worried that they would harm themselves by doing Matamand
therefore stopped them doing it?

Absolutely not! Saddam hated Shias. The thousands of innocent and
pious people he killed were mainly Shias. If he thought Matam was
harmful, he would have forced Shias to do Matam and not stopped
them.
196

What was the real reason for Saddam not letting his Shia population
do Matam for Imam Hussein (a.s), even on the day of Ashura?

The simple answer is that, he knew the strength of Matam for Imam
Hussein (a.s) and his family. He knew that during a gathering of
Matam for the Martyrs of Kerbala, mourners hearts and minds are
fully charged with the spirit of self-sacrificeand it would be very
difficult to stop them if they decided to rise against his unjust and
cruel rule during these gatherings for Matam. This is what was
scaring Saddam about allowing his people to do Matam.

Saddam did not allow his subjects to hold Juma prayers in a
congregation. He again knew very well that, like in a gathering of
Matam for Imam Hussein (a.s), his people would be emotionally
charged to promote justice during Juma Prayers.

Parents encouraging their children to do Matam, hardly anyone out of
millions of people harmed by doing Matam every year and Matam
has survived for so many years are all solid proof that Matam is NOT
HARMFULand therefore it is not against the Islamic Sharia.

Matam is our strength and not our weakness.

It must never stop.

After Saddam was toppled, an American Army Captain was watching
Shias doing Matam on Ashura Day in Kerbala. He said to his fellow
officers:

I wish these people were in my army. They are so brave and
fearless. They would make excellent soldiers in my army. With these
people in my army I could defeat any enemy with ease.

Matam does not put people off Islam. In fact, it drives them to
enquire about Islam and Ahlulbayt.

197
Mujtahids and Matam

Matam has been going on for more than fourteen hundred years.
Hundreds of highly educated and respected scholars, including the
ruling Mujtahids have observed Matam, but not a single one of them
has forbidden it. If it was un-Islamic, wouldnt these great Mujtahids,
past and present be the first ones to stop it?

Matam is not a traditional ritual because it is not confined to any
culture or race. Shias of all cultures and races do Matam for Imam
Hussein (a.s) and his family. It began with Imam Zainul Abedin (a.s)
and Lady Zainab in Shaamafter their release from the prison.

Matam for Imam Hussein (a.s) is a way forward not backward.
Through our Matam, through the spirit of self-sacrifice and Jihad, we
will one day achieve victory for Islam, under the leadership of the
living Ahlulbaytthe Al Mahdi (a.s), the Awaited one.








WHY AZADARI?

PART 3 ALAM AND TABUT

What is Azadari?

Azadari is all those acts, which we carry out to remember and mourn
the death of Imam Hussein (a.s) and his family.

Reciting Marthiya, recalling the tragic events of Kerbala, Kufa and
Shaam and shedding tears, reciting Nawah and doing Matam are all
forms of Azadari for Imam Hussein (a.s) and his family.
198

Alam, Tabut, Julus, serving Tabaruk and Saabil, giving donations to
charity, especially in the name of the Martyrs are also important
forms of Azadari.

This is the third of three parts of Why Azadari? It deals with Alam
and Tabut of Imam Hussein (a.s) and his family as a form of Azadari.

The procession of Alam and Tabut

During Muharram and Safar, during the Azadari of Imam Hussein
(a.s) and his family, we the Shias take out a procession of Alam and
Tabut. We dutifully touch and kiss the Alam and Tabut. While doing
so, we also ask for our wishes to be granted.

Let me first remind you that in the front of the procession of the
Alam and Tabut is always the Holy Quranto remind the mourners
of what Imam Hussein (a.s) and his family died for.

Concept of donations for charity

Usually, at the back of the procession of Alam and Tabut is a tray to
collect the donations for charities. And the beauty is, without anyone
asking for the donations, mourners put money in this tray in the name
of the Martyrs.

A large amount of money is collected and is mainly used to run the
Islamic Centres. The Islamic Centre we normally go to (Hyderi
Islamic Centre) collects enough money in these trays during the first
ten days of Muharram. It helps to pay for the expenses of running the
Centre for that year.

Alam and Tabut, a form of Azadari, serving a wonderful purpose;
mourners of Imam Hussein (a.s) giving charity willingly. A concept
of charity is instilled in peoples hearts through Azadarithrough
this procession of Alam and Tabut.

199
You will notice that parents give money to their children and tell
them to place it in the trays going around with the procession of
Alam and Tabut. Wow! What a wonderful practical lesson of giving
charity is being taught by the parents to their children... through
Azadari of Alam and Tabut.

Alam and Tabut: idol worshipping?

What about touching and kissing the wooden objects of which Alam
and Tabut are made of? Andwhat about asking for your wishes to
be granted while touching these wooden objects?

Some people say that, touching and kissing Alam and Tabut, the
wooden objects is a form of idol worshippinglike the idol
worshipers do.

Yes, I agree. To those looking it from a distance, and not knowing
exactly what is happening will come to this conclusion that we are
idol worshippers and therefore are Kafirs.

But the fact is we do not worship Alam and Tabut as our Gods.

We touch and kiss the pieces of wood, that are made into Alam and
Tabut of the Ahlulbayt, because of what it stands forfor what it
represents.
We are just showing our respect by lovingly touching and kissing
Alam and Tabut, because it is linked with the great Martyrs huge
sacrifice for Islam. Sacrifice for Islamsacrifice in the path of the
Almighty Allahthat is what we are respecting and worshipping by
lovingly touching and kissing Alam and Tabut.

We dont bow down to Alam and Tabut. We dont do Sajdah in front
of it. We definitely dont worship these wooden objects. We only pay
our respects while it is made into Alam and Tabut of the Martyrs of
Islam.

200
We touch and kiss Alam and Tabut to salute the Martyrs huge
sacrifice for Islam. We touch and kiss Alam and Tabut to show our
gratefulness for their sacrifice for Islam.

Crucifixion Cross

Do you think Christians, who wear and kiss the metallic or the
wooden crucifixion cross do so because they worship the cross? They
do it becauseof what it stands for. They kiss the cross to thank
Jesus Christ (peace be upon him) for his sacrifice. This same
principle applies to Alam and Tabut.

The Holy Kaba

The Holy Kaba! We touch and kiss the earthly cloth and the stone of
Holy Kaba. By doing so, would you say that we are worshipping the
earthly cloth and stone?

No! We touch and kiss the stone of the Holy Kaba because of what it
stands for. The same reasoning applies to Alam and Tabut; we touch
and kiss it for what it stands for.

A memorial for your mother

Mother, the best word in a dictionary of any language. After her
death, wont you touch and kiss an object made in honour of your
departed motherand which reminds you of her love and devotion
for you?

By touching and respecting the objects, which remind you of your
mother does not mean that you worship your mother. By paying the
respect your mother deserves, you are actually worshipping the
Almighty Allah.

Similarly, paying the respect to the Martyrs of Kerbala, who died to
please the Almighty Allah is a form of worshipping the Almighty
Allah.
201

Asking for your wishes to be granted?

Yes, we do touch and kiss Alam and Tabut, and with tears in our eyes
we ask for our wishes to be granted

Have you actually listened to what the mourners say when they are
asking their wishes to be granted?

No one asks the Martyrs of Kerbala directly to grant their wishes.

They touch and kiss the Alam and Tabutand with tears in their
eyes whisper:

O the Almighty Allah! For the sake of your beloved Ahlulbayt who
sacrificed their lives to save Islamplease grant our wishes

The mourners of Imam Hussein (a.s) and his family ask the Almighty
Allah to grant their wishes by the Wasilaby the recommendations
and the blessings of the Martyrs who are dear and close to the
Almighty Allah.

These mourners ask the Martyrs to take their wishes to the Almighty
Allah so that they can be granted quicker.

What is wrong with that?

In fact, it is a very smart move to ask your wishes to be granted
through the Ahlulbayt who are close and dearest to the Almighty
Allah.

Let us give you an example of one trying to fulfill ones wish through
a recommendation.

Imagine you want a job in a company of your first choice and you
have the right qualifications for the job. Would you not increase your
chances of getting the job, if you apply through a recommendation by
202
a personwho is a close and respected friend of the boss of the
company?

This is exactly what we do when we ask the Martyrs of Kerbala, who
are close and highly respected by the Almighty Allah to recommend
our wish to the Almighty Allah. But rememberwe must first have
the right qualifications to be recommended by the Ahlulbaytand
the qualifications they require are that we are performing our Wajib
and avoiding Haram acts.

Why recall the tragedy in such a shocking and minute detail?

Commonly asked question about Azadari is Why do the recitors of
Majaalis of Imam Hussein (a.s) recall the tragic events of Kerbala,
Kufa and Shaam in such a minute, shocking and gruesome detail? Is
this just to make us cry?

Yes, those recitors who add on events to the tragedy of Kerbala,
Kufa and Shaam, just to make the listeners cry are not being fair on
Imam Hussein (a.s) and his family. The tragedy of Kerbala, Kufa and
Shaam does not need to have events added onto it to make it a more
tear jerking story. The tragedy of Kerbala, Kufa and Shaam, as it
stands, is the most tragic event in the history of mankind.

Regarding presenting it in a minute, shocking and gruesome detailI
would like to quote the following:

A Hollywood Star, Mel Gibson who made the film Passion of the
Christ was asked by the press:

Why did you show in your film, the horrific torture inflicted on
Jesus Christ in so much shocking detail?

His reply was:

So the audience can appreciate the greatness of Jesus Christs
sacrifice to save us.
203

Probably Mel Gibson got the idea of making his film 'The Passion of
Christ' after listening to a Majaalis of Imam Hussein (a.s).

It is the same reason the recitors of Imam Husseins (a.s) Majaalis
present the tragic events of Kerbala, Kufa and Shaam in such a
shocking detailso the listeners can appreciate the huge sacrifice by
Imam Hussein (a.s) and his family to save Islam.

Shias unshaken beliefs

Before I end this final part of the chapter Why Azadari? I would
like to remind all my fellow Shias, the friends of Ahlulbayt that

We, the Shias should never sway away from our unshaken beliefs
that:

Imam Ali (a.s) was the rightful first successor of the Holy
Prophet (s.a.w). He was appointed by the Holy Prophet
(s.a.w) as his first Caliph on instructions from Almighty Allah
Himself.

Imam Mahdi (a.s) is the twelfth and the last successor of the
Holy Prophet (s.a.w). Imam Mahdi (a.s) is still alive but is in
divine occultation by the command of the Almighty Allah.

Imam Mahdi (a.s) will end his Gaybat one-day, when
Almighty Allah commands him to do so. Imam Mahdi (a.s)
will one day rule the world by the laws and principles of
Islam.

Azadari for Imam Hussein (a.s) is our strength and is the way
forward.

We, the Shias, should not compromise our beliefs and trust in
the Ahlulbayt for the sake of unity or Muslim brotherhood.
204
There can not be lasting unity without the love for the
Ahlulbayt.

We, the Shias, without any doubt, are on the right paththe
path of the Ahlulbayt to whom the Almighty Allah has
favoured His countless and special bounties. While others are
still praying to be guided on the right path, we, the Shias are
already on the right paththe path of the Holy Prophet
(s.a.w) and his familyMAKE SURE WE KEEP IT UP!