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I

T AFFIX SEAL HERE


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CARIBBEAN EXAMINATIONS COUNCIL
ADVL\NCEDPROFICIENCYEXAMINATION
PHYSICS
Unit1- Paper01
90 minutes
( 21 MAY2010(a.m.))
READ THE FOLLOWINGINSTRUCTIONSCAREFULLY.
1. Thistestconsists01 45items. Youwillhave90minutestoanswerthem.
2. Inadditiontothistestbooklet,youshould haveananswersheet.
3. Do not be concernedthat theanswer sheet provides spaces formore answers than there are items
inthistest.
4. Eachiteminthistest has foursuggestedanswerslettered(A),(B),(C),(D). Readeachitemyou
are abouttoansweranddecidewhichchoiceisbest.
5. Onyour answer sheet, find thenumberwhich corresponds toyour itemand shade the space having
thesameletterastheansweryouhavechosen. Lookatthe sampleitembelow.
SampleItem
Whichofthefollowinglistsonescalar quality
and onevector quantity?
(A) mass:temperature SampleAnswer
(B) momentum:pressure
(C) force:velocity
(D) potentialenergy:volt
Thebestanswertothisitemis"momentum:pressure",soanswerspace(B)has beenshaded.
6. Ifyou want to changeyour answer, be sure to erase it completelybeforeyou fill inyour newchoice.
7. Whenyou aretoldtobegin,tumthepageandworkasquicklyandascarefully asyoucan. Ifyou
cannotansweranitem,omititandgoontothenextone. Yourscorewillbethetotalnumberof
correctanswers.
8. Youmay doanyroughworkinthisbooklet.
9. Figuresarenotnecessarilydrawntoscale.
10. The useofnon-programmablecalculatorsisallowed.
iiiiiii
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DO NOT TURN THIS PAGE UNTIL YOU ARE TOLD TO DO SO.
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Copyright 2009CaribbeanExaminations Council.
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Allrightsreserved.
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02138010/CAPE2010
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iiiiiii
t AFFIXSEALHERE ..
- 2-
LISTOFPHYSICALCONSTANTS
Universal gravitational consta I1t G 6.67 x 10-
11
N m
2
kg?
Acceleration due to gravity g 9.8m
1Atmosphere Atm 1.00 x 10
5
N rrr-'
Boltzmann's constant k
1.38 x 10-
23
JK-I
Density of water 1.00 x 10
3
kg m'
Specific heat capacity ofwater 4200Jkg-
1
K-I
Specific latent heat ofvaporization ofwater 2.26 x 10
6
J kg'
Avogadro's number N
A
6.02 x 10
23
per mole
Molar gas constant R 8.31 J K-
I
mol'
Stefan-Boltzmann constant (J 5.67 x 10-
8
W rrr? K-4
Speed oflight in vacuum c 3.0xl0
8ms-
1
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0213801O/CAPE 20 10
- 3 -
1. Which of the quantities
dimensionless?
1. Relative densit y
II. Force
III. Length
IV. Refractive ind.:x
(A) I and II only
(B) II and III only
(C) I and IV only
(D) II and IV only
below are 4.
5.
The molar mass of aluminium is 27 g and its
density is 2700 kg m', The number of
aluminium atoms in a piece ofaluminiumwith
a volume of 1.0 m' is approximately
(A) 6 x 10
25
(B) 6 x 10
26
(C) 6 X 10
27
(D) 6 x 10
28
If the average velocity of a particle is zero,
then the distance it has travelled
2. Indetermining the density ofa cube a student
records the following measurements:
Length of side, l = 3.0 : 0.1 em
Mass of cube, m = 12. ') 0.5g
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)
must be zero
cannot be zero
is negative
mayor may not be zero
to determine the density of the cube. The
percentage error in the calculated value of p
IS
The student then uses the equation p
(A) 0.6%
(B) 7%
(C) 14%
(D) 40%
m
6. A tennis ball is given a horizontal velocity of
8 mls when it is hit at a height 1.8 m above
the ground. It is in the air for
(A) 0.37 s
(B) 0.61 s
(C) 2.98 s
(D) 8.89 s
3. Given that the following quantities have the
base units shown
P: kg m'
Q:kgm
R: kg?m' S-I
What quantity does PQ
R
represent?
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)
Distance
Speed
Acceleration
Force
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0213801O/CAPE2010
- 4-
refers to the following information. Two identical masses are attached by a string, which
passesoverafrictionlesspulley.
All the graphs below are drawn to the same scale.
7. Whichpairofgraphsbelowrepresentsthe accelerationofBodyPand the accelerationofBodyQ?
a a
(A)
Q
t---------.....time 1-------......-time
a a
p
(B)
1"""-------.... time time
a a
p
(C)
I-------......-time 1'--------""time
a
a
p
Q
(D)
1---------...- time
I-------......-time
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02138010/CAPE2010
- 5 -
8. Which ofthefollowingpairsofconditions is 10. A manofmass50kg standson abathroom
true foraninelasticcolhsion? scale(balance)inanelevator. Iftheelevator
acceleratesupwardsto2m S-2. Whatisthe
readingonthe scale?
KineticEnergy
i (A)
conserved
(B) notconserved
(C) conserved
(D) notconserved
(A) lOON
Momentum
conserved
I
conserved
notconserved
notconserved
(B) 390N
(C) 490N
(D) 590N
11. Which ofthe statements below BEST
describes the motion ofa geostationary
9. Whichofthe followingequationsgivesthe
satellite?
correct relationship between impulse and
momentum?
(A) Itmoveswiththe samevelocityas
the earth.
(A) Impulse=momentum
(B) Itsgeographicallocationchangesas
(B) Impulse=rateofchange
theearthrotates.
ofmomentum
(C) Itsaccelerationiszero.
(C) Impulse changeinmomentum
(D) Its angularvelocityisequalto that
(D) Impulse (momentum)'
ofthe earth.
12. A man with a parachutejumps froma plane. He opens his parachute after 2.5 seconds. Which ofthe
graphsbelowBESTrepresentshowhisverticalaccelerationa,couldvarywithtimet,duringthefirst6
secondsofhisfall?
a a
(B) (A)
t
123 4 5 6 12345 6
(D) a (C) a
1 2 3 4 5 6
.
I I I I I
t
1 2 4 5 6
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02l380l0/CAPE20l0
- 7 -
Item 18referstothefollowingdiagram.
o
Driver
B
c
D
18. The diagram shows a Barton pendulum
system used to demonstrate resonance.
Which pendulum wr-uld swing with the
GREATESTamplitudewhenthedriver0 is
pulledasideandreleased?
Item 19referstothe diagrambelowwhich
showsa snapshotofarope asatransverse
wavepassesalongitfromlefttoright.
19. Whichofthefollowingcorrectlyshowsthe
directions ofthe motionofpoints X,YandZ
ontherope?
y
X Z
(A) - t
(B) t
(C) t t t
(D) - -
02138010/CAPE2010
20. Whichofthefollowingeventsisassociated
withtransversewavesbutNOTlongitudinal
waves?
(A) Interference
(B) Polarisation
(C) Reflection
(D) Refraction
21. Soundwaves witha frequency of200 Hz
travel through a medium with a speed of
400 m s'. What is the phase difference
betweentwo pointswhichare3mapartin
thedirectionofthewave?
1[
(A) -rads
4
(B)
1[
rads
2
2
(C) -1[rads
3
(D)
1[rads
22. Thefollowingdisplacement-positiongraph
representsastationarywaveattwodifferent
instantsoftime.
Displacement
Position
Whatdoes thedistancePQrepresent?
(A) Halfthevelocity
(B) Halftheperiod
(C) Halfthewavelength
(D) Halftheamplitude
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- 6-
13.
14.
A body falls from ;t cliff80 m above the
ground. Ifit losts 250/0 ofits energy
overcomingfriction. whatis its velocityon
impactwiththe ground? [g= 9.8 N kg:']
(A) 19.8 m S-I
(B) 28.0mS-1
(C) 34.3 mS-I
(D) 39.6 mS-1
Ifmisthe massofarobjectandEitskinetic
energy,thenitslineal momentumis
16. Whenaparticleoscillatesina straightline
withsimpleharmonicmotion,the periodof
theoscillationis
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)
directly proportional to the
displacementofthe particlefrom
theorigin
directly proportional to the
accelerationoftheparticle
independent ofthe frequency of
oscillation
independent ofthe amplitude of
oscillation
(A) 17. Thedisplacementof aparticleundergoing
simpleharmonicmotionisgiven by
(B)
x = 8sin0.41l" t
(C) Thefrequencyofoscillationoftheparticleis
15.
(D)
A studentofweight500N isplanningatrip
upto thepeakofBlueMountain. Fromher
startingpoint,thiswi11 involveanincreasein
altitudeof1800m, Shebuys"highcalorie"
energybarswhichcontain1000kJofenergy.
Assumingher bodyto be 10%efficient,how
many bars will she need to eat for the
necessarygaininaltitude?
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)
O.2Hz
OAHz
5Hz
8Hz
(A) 1
(B) 9
(C) 90
(D) 900
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02138010lCAPE201 0
8 -
23. Awaveofamplitude 10em has intensityII'
Anothersimilarwavehas an amplitudeof
5ernandintensity1
2
What is the value of
26.
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)
2
4
20
50
27.
Item24 referstothe followinggraphwhich
showsastationary\\ave onastring.
Amplitude
Distance
p
24. Where on this stationary wave does an
antinodeexist?
28.
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)
Ponly
Qonly
Sonly
Pand Ronl)
25. Two lightsourcesaloe saidto be coherent.
Thewavesfromthe.nmustthereforehave
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)
the samefrequencyand aconstant
phasedifference
thesameamplitudeandaconstant
phasedifference
the samewavelengthand no phase
difference
thesamevekicityandaconstantpath
difference
Aslighttravellinginairentersamediumits
speed changes to 2.4 x 10
8
m S-I. The
refractiveindexofthemediumis
(A) 0.60
(B) 0.80
(C) 1.25
(D) 1.50
Foradoubleslitinterferencepatternusing
light,the separationoffringeswillincrease
if
I. Blue light is used insteadofred .
II. Thescreenismovedawayfrom the
slits.
III. Theslitsarebroughtclosertogether.
(A) Ionly
(B) Iand IIonly
(C) IIand IIIonly
(D) 1,IIand III
Anobjectisplaced3erninfrontofadiverging
lensoffocal length5 cm. Wherewill the
imagebefound?
(A) About2em infront of the lens
(B) About2cmbehindthelens
(C) About em infront ofthe lens
2
1 .
(D) About - crn behindthe lens
2
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02138010/CAPE2010
- 9-
29. Whichofthefollowingstatementsregarding
lensesis/arecorrect?
I. AconvergingIensalwaysformsan
imagebiggerthantheobject.
II. An object pl.iced in front ofa
converginglenscanformavirtual
image.
III. A diverging lens can form a real
imageofan \ibject placed in front
ofit.
(A) Ionly
(B) IIonly
(C) IandIIIonly
(D) IIandIIIonly
30. The nearpointofadefectiveeye is30em
from the eye. The normal near point is
25 em from the eye. The focal lengthofthe
lensneededtocorrectthisdefectis
(A) 5cm
(B) 25cm
(C) 30cm
(D) 150cm
31. Which instrument is MOST suitable for
measuringrapidlychangingtemperature?
(A) Theresistance thermometer
(B) Themercury-in-glassthermometer
(C) Thethermocouple
(D) Thealcohol-in-glassthermometer
Item32 referstothefollowinggraph.
Length/em
34.0
2.0
o
100 Temp/oC
32. The graph shows how the length ofthe
mercury in a thermometer changes with
temperature. The temperature which
correspondstoalengthof10.0emis
(A) 15C
(B) 20C
(C) 25C
(D) 30C
33. Whatisthenamegiventotheamountofheat
energyneededto change 1kg ofwaterat
100Cintosteamat 100C?
(A) Molarheatcapacity
(B) Specificlatentheatoffusion
(C) Specificheatcapacity
(D) Specificlatentheatofvaporisation
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02138010/CAPE2010
- 10-
34. Inanelectricalmetiodfor determiningthe 36. A composite conductor with materials of
specificheatcapacity ofametal,thefollowing thermalconductivitiesk, k/2,kJ3 hasinsulated
readingswere obtained sides. Heatistransferredthroughitfromleft
torightasshowninthediagrambelow.
massofmetal 2kg
supplyvoltage 240 V
current 3A
timeforwhichheat-upplied 20 s
temperaturerise ofInetal 10C
Whatisthe specificheatcapacityofmetal?
Eachmaterialhasthesamethickness.Which
ofthefollowingdiagramsBESTdescribesthe
240 x 3 x 6 . - 1 - I
(A)
JKg K
temperature gradientofthe composite wall?
2x10 x 20
2xl0x20 ikg- 1K- 1
(B)
240x3 x60
2x lOx 20
(A)
lK-
1
(C) J
240x3
240x3x 20
kg-
1
K-
l
(D)
2x 10
35. Waterfalls fromaheightof500m. Whatis
theriseintemperatureofwateratthebottom
ifall ofthe energygained is convertedto
(B)
internalenergyinthewater?
(A) 1.17K
(B) O.l9K
tt
t2+---""'!.:---
t3+---t---------"r---f
(C) 0.24K
(D) 0.49K
Q
..- Insulation
t
4
..- Insulation
tt
(C)
t
4

t
3
+..
tt
(D)
t
3
t
4
t
2

+__1--- __ -+
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02138010/CAPE2010
- 11 -
37. A contractor builds an office window of 40. AgascontainsN molecules. Thespeedsof
height150cmandwit lth200emwithaglass themoleculesareC1,C2...,CN' Whichof
paneofthickness0.5 ern. Thetemperature the following equations can be used to
differenceacrossthe glassis 15K andthe determinethe r.m.sspeedofthemolecules?
thermal conductivity ofthe glass is
0.65Wm'K-
I
. Calcalatetheheatenergy (A)
persecondconductecthroughthewindow.
(A) 1.63 kW (B)
(B) 5.85kW
(C) 163kW
(D) 585kW (C)
38. A small black sph- -re has an absolute (D)
temperature . Itis hungin thecentreof
an enclosure whose walls are at a higher
absolutetemperature 2' Thenetrateofgain
of thermal energy by the sphere is 41. Whatis thetotalpressure on the baseofa
proportional to container ofcross-sectional area 5.0 m-, ifit
is filled with ethylene gylcol ofdensity
(A) (T
1
)4
1120kg m'uptoadepthof3.0m?
(B) (1')4
[Atm.press 1.0 x 10
5
Pa]
(C) (1')4- (T
I
)4
(A) 3.3 x 10
4
Pa
(D) (T - T ) 4
2 I
(B) 6.7 x 10
4
Pa
(C) 1.0 x 10
5
Pa
(D) 1.33 x 10
5
Pa
39. Avogadro's number is the number of
moleculesin
Item42referstothe followingdiagram.
(A) onelitreof gas atN.T.P.
(B) onemoleofcl gas
(C) onegramof agas
II
(D) onekilogramofagas
42. Thematerialshownhaslength,I, andcross-
sectionalareaA. WhenaforceF,isapplied
tothe materialitcausesanextensione,inthe
material. Whichofthefollowingexpressions
canbeusedtodeterminetheYoungmodulus
ofthematerial?
Fl
(A)
Ae
FA
(B)
el
(C)
Ae
Fl
el
(D)
FA
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02138010/CAPE2010
- 12 -
43. Fourdifferentliquidsarepouredintoidenticalmeasuringcylinders. Thediagramsshowtheheightsof
the liquids and their densities. Which liquid exerts theLARGESTpressure on the baseofits measuring
cylinder?
2g/cnr'
(B) 1.6g/cm'
(A)
- 20cm
10cm
1.2g/cm
3
(D)
0.7g/cm
3
(C)
40cm
30 em
Item44referstothe followinggraph. Item45referstothefollowingdiagram.
Stress FIN
"""------------ Strain
1 2 e/mm
44. ThisgraphisMOSTlikelytoapplyto 45. The figureaboveshowsthe force-extension
graphofawire. Howmuchworkisdonein
(A) steel stretchingthewirefromanextensionofIrnm
(B) glassfibre to2mm?
(C) anelasticband
(D) polythenesheet (A) 0.015J
(B) 0.030J
(C) 0.045J
(D) 0.060J
IF YOU FINISH BEFORE TIME IS CALLED, CHECKYOURWORKON THIS TEST.
02138010/CAPE2010