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KEY TERM: TERRORISM REVISION SHEET

"The international community has never succeeded in developing an accepted comprehensive definition
of terrorism. During the 1970s and 1980s, the United Nations attempts to define the term floundered
mainly due to differences of opinion between various members about the use of violence in the context of
conflicts over national liberation and self-determination."http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Terrorism

Since 1994, the UN General Assembly has repeatedly condemned terrorist acts using the following
political description of terrorism:
"Criminal acts intended or calculated to provoke a state of terror in the general public, a group of persons
or particular persons for political purposes are in any circumstance unjustifiable, whatever the
considerations of a political, philosophical, ideological, racial, ethnic, religious or any other nature that
may be invoked to justify them."


Terrorism is the systematic use of violence (terror) as a mean of coercion for political purposes. In the
international community, terrorism has no legally binding, criminal law definition. Common definitions of
terrorism refer only to those violent acts which are intended to create fear (terror); are perpetrated for a
religious, political, or ideological goal; and deliberately target or disregard the safety of non-combatants
(civilians).
Some definitions now include acts of unlawful violence and war. In some cases, the same group may be
described as "freedom fighters" by its supporters and considered to be terrorists by its opponents. The
concept of terrorism may be controversial as it is often used by state authorities (and individuals with
access to state support) to delegitimize political or other opponents, and potentially legitimize the state's
own use of armed force against opponents (such use of force may be described as "terror" by opponents of
the state). The usage of the term has a controversial history, with individuals such as Nelson Mandela at
one point also branded a terrorist.

There are 4 main types or terrorism
Civil disorder A form of collective violence interfering with the peace, security, and normal
functioning of the community.
Political terrorism Violent criminal behaviour designed primarily to generate fear in the community,
or substantial segment of it, for political purposes.
Limited political terrorism Genuine political terrorism is characterized by a revolutionary
approach; limited political terrorism refers to "acts of terrorism which are committed for
ideological or political motives but which are not part of a concerted campaign to capture control
of the state.
Official or state terrorism "referring to nations whose rule is based upon fear and oppression that
reach similar to terrorism or such proportions." It may also be referred to as Structural
Terrorism defined broadly as terrorist acts carried out by governments in pursuit of political
objectives, often as part of their foreign policy.

A few examples of Terrorism in the world:
Terrorism very present in Iraq, used against the USA or between Shias and Sunnites.
IRA in the UK
ETA in France (minor)
Hezbollah in Lebanon
Hamas Palestine
Al Quaida World Wide
Talibans Afghanistan/Pakistan
In Mali Ansar Dine and Al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM)
Islamic Brotherhood in egypt since december 2013





a) Terrorists attacks
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_terrorist_incidents,_1996
b)War on terror
The war on terror, also known as the global war on terrorism (GWOT) is a term commonly applied to an
international military campaign which started as a result of the 9/11 terrorists attacks on the United
States. This resulted in an international military campaign to eliminate Al-Qaeda and other militant
organizations.
The phrase 'war on terror' was first used by US President George W. Bush on 20 september 2001. The
bush administration and the western media have since used the term to allege a global military, political,
lawful, and conceptual struggletargeting both organizations designated as terrorist and regimes
accused of supporting them. It was typically used with a particular focus on countries supporting militant
islamists, including Al-Qaeda and similar organizations.
Although the term is no longer officially used by the administration of US President Barack Obama (which
instead uses the term overseas contingency operation), it is still commonly used by politicians, in the
media.


List of terrorists groups:
https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/266038/List_of_Prosc
ribed_organisations.pdf
http://www.state.gov/j/ct/rls/other/des/123085.htm
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_designated_terrorist_organizations#cite_note-eur-lex.europa.eu-3