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ENGLISH ASSIGNMENT

Tri Wardani Murianditi




(1112097000024)


Physics 2012


Faculty of Science and Technology
Friday, March 8th 2013

During the nineteenth century, women in the United States organized and participated in a
large number of reform movements, including movements to recognize the prison system, improve
education, ban the sale of alcohol, grant right to people who were denied them, and, most
importantly, free slaves. Some women saw similarities in the social status of women and slaves.
Women like Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Lucy Stone were not only feminists who fought for the right
of women but also fervent abolitionists who fought to do away with slavery. These brave people
were social leaders who supported the rights of both women and blacks. They were fighting against
a belief that voting should be tied to land ownership, and because land was owned by men, and in
some cases by their widows, only those who held the greatest stake in government, that is the male
landowners, were considered worthy of the vote. Women did not conform to the requirements.
A number of male abolitionists, including William Lloyd Garrison and Wendell Phillips, also
supported the rights of women to speak and to participate equally with men in antislavery activities.
Probably more than any other movement, abolitionism offered women a previously denied entry
into politics. They became involved primarily in order to better their living conditions and improve
the conditions of others. However, the gained the respect of those they convinced and also earned
the right to be considered equal citizens.
When the civil was between the North and the South ended in 1865, the Fourteenth and
Fifteenth Amendments to the Constitution adopted in 1868 and 1870 granted citizenship and
suffrage to blacks but not to women. Discouraged but resolved, feminists worked tirelessly to
influence more and more women to demand the right to vote. In 1869, the Wyoming Territory had
yielded to demands by feminists, but the states on the East Coast resisted more stubbornly than
before. A women's suffrage bill had been presented to every Congress since 1878, but it continually
failed to pass until 1920, when the Nineteenth Amendment granted women the right to vote.

1. With what topic is the passage primarily concerned?
A. The Wyoming Territory
B. The Fourteenth and Fifteenth Amendments
C. Abolitionists
D. Womens suffrage
Discouraged but resolved, feminists worked tirelessly to influence more and more women to
demand the right to vote.
(3rd paragraph, line 19)

2. The word ban in paragraph 1 most nearly means to
A. Encourage
B. Publish
C. Prohibit
D. Limit

3. The word it in paragraph 3 refers to
A. bill
B. Congress
C. Nineteenth Amendment
D. vote
A women's suffrage bill had been presented to every Congress since 1878, but it continually
failed to pass until 1920.
(3rd paragraph, line 22)

4. What does the Nineteenth Amendment guarantee?
A. Voting rights for blacks
B. Citizenship for blacks
C. Voting rights for women
D. Citizenship for women
but it continually failed to pass until 1920, when the Nineteenth Amendment granted women
the right to vote.
(3rd paragraph, line 23)

5. When were women allowed to vote throughout the United States?
A. After 1866
B. After 1870
C. After 1878
D. After 1920
but it continually failed to pass until 1920, when the Nineteenth Amendment granted women
the right to vote.
(3rd paragraph, line 23)



































Monday, March 11th 2013

Fort Knox , Kentucky, is the site of a U.S. army post, but it is even more renowned for the fort
Knox Bullion Depository, the massive vault that contains the bulk of the U.S governments gold
deposits. Completed in 1936, the vault is housed in a two-story building constructed of granite, steel,
and concrete; the vault itself is made of steel and concrete and has a door that weighs more than
twenty tons. Naturally, the most up-date security device available are in the place at Fort Knox, and
the army post nearby provides further protection.

1. Which of the following best describes the topic of the passage?
A. The city of Fort Knox, Kentucky
B. The federal gold depositary
C. The U.S army post at Fort Knox
D. Gold Bullion
but it is even more renowned for the fort Knox Bullion Depository, the massive vault that
contains the bulk of the U.S governments gold deposits.
(line 1)

2. Which of the following would be the best title for this passage?
A. The massive concrete vault
B. Fort Knot security
C. Where the U.S keeps its gold
D. A visit to Kentucky
the most up-date security device available are in the place at Fort Knox, and the army post
nearby provides further protection.
(line 5)


One identifying characteristic of minerals is their relative hardness, which can be determined by
scratching one mineral with another. In this type of test, a harder mineral can scratch a softer one,
but a softer mineral is unable to scratch a harder one. The Mohs hardness scale is used to rank
minerals according to hardness. Ten minerals are listed in this scale, ranging from talc with a
hardness of 1 with diamond hardness of 10. On this scale, quartz (number 7) is harder than feldspar
(number 6) and therefore able to scratch it; however, feldspar is unable to make a mark on quartz.

1. Which of the following best states the subject of the passage?
A. The hardness of diamond
B. Identifying minerals by means of a scratch test
C. Feldspar on Moh's scale
D. Recognizing minerals in their natural state
One identifying characteristic of minerals is their relative hardness, which can be determined
by scratching one mineral with another.
(line 1)

2. The main idea of this passage is that
A. The hardness of mineral can be determined by its ability to make a mark on other minerals
B. Diamonds, with a hardness of 10 on the scale, can scratch all other minerals
C. A softer mineral cannot be scratched by a harder mineral
D. Talc is the first mineral listed on the scale
In this type of test, a harder mineral can scratch a softer one, but a softer mineral is unable to
scratch a harder one.
(line 2)


Hurricanes generally occur in the North Atlantic from May through November, with the peak of
the hurricane season in September; only rarely will they occur from December through April in that
part of the ocean. The main reason for the occurrence of hurricanes during this period is that the
temperature on the waters surface is at its warmest and the humidity of the air is at its highest.
Of the tropical storms that occur each year in the North Atlantic, only about five, on the
average, are powerful enough to be called hurricanes. To be classified as a hurricane, a tropical
storm must have winds reaching speeds of at least 117 kilometers per hour, but the winds are often
much stronger than that; the winds of intense hurricanes can easily surpass 240 kilometers per hour.

1. The passage mainly discusses
A. how many hurricanes occur each year
B. the strength of hurricanes
C. the weather in the North Atlantic
D. hurricanes in one part of the world
the winds of intense hurricanes can easily surpass 240 kilometers per hour.
(line 8)

2. The best title for this passage would be
A. The North Atlantic Ocean
B. Storms of the North Atlantic
C. Hurricanes: The Damage and Destruction
D. What Happens from May through November
Of the tropical storms that occur each year in the North Atlantic, only about five, on the
average, are powerful enough to be called hurricanes.
(line 5)


Henry Wadsworth Longfellow (1807-1882) was perhaps the best-known American poet of the
nineteenth century. His clear writing style and emphasis on the prevalent values of the period made
him popular with the general public if not always with the critics. He was particularly recognized for
his longer narrative poems Evangeline, The Song of Hiawatha, and The Courtship of Miles Standish,
in which he told stories from American history in terms of the values of the time.
Evangeline was set during the French and Indian War (1754-1763), when the British forced
French settlers from Nova Scotia; two lovers, Gabriel and Evangeline, were separated by the British,
and Evangeline devoted her lifetime to the search for Gabriel. With its emphasis on sentimental,
undying love, Evangeline was immensely popular with the public.
In The Song of Hiawatha, Longfellow depicted the noble life of the American Indian through the
story of the brave Hiawatha and his beloved wife Minehaha. The tear-inspiring poem follows
Hiawatha through the tragedies and triumphs of life, ending with the death of Minehaha and
Hiawatha's departure into the sunset in his canoe.
The Courtship of Miles Standish takes place during the early period of the settlement of New
England, a period which was viewed as a time of honor and romance. In this poem centered around
a love triangle, Miles Standish asks his friend John Alden to propose to Priscilla Mullins for him; John
Alden ends up marrying Priscilla Mullins himself, and it takes time for his friendship with Miles
Standish to recover. As with Longfellow's other narrative poems, the emphasis on high ideals and
romance made the poem extremely popular.

1. Which of the following best describes the main idea of the passage?
A. American history is often depicted in poetry.
B. Longfellow described American history even though people really did not enjoy it.
C. The popularity of Longfellows poems results from his stress on the values of the people.
D. Longfellow wrote long narrative poems that were not always popular with the critics.
His clear writing style and emphasis on the prevalent values of the period made him popular
with the general public if not always with the critics.
(line 2)

2. The best title of the passage is
A. Longfellows Popular Appeal
B. Historical Narrative Poems
C. The Lyric, Dramatic, and Narrative Poems of Longfellow
D. Longfellow and the Critics
He was particularly recognized for his longer narrative poems Evangeline, The Song of
Hiawatha, and The Courtship of Miles Standish, in which he told stories from American
history in terms of the values of the time.
(line 3)

3. The subject of the fourth paragraph is
A. nobility and honor in the poems of Longfellow
B. the love triangle involving Miles Standish
C. the popular appeal of The Courtship of Miles Standish
D. the period of the early settlement of New England
The Courtship of Miles Standish takes place during the early period of the settlement of New
England, a period which was viewed as a time of honor and romance.
(line 14)

























Monday, April 15th 2013

Broadcaster OBrien Missing on N.H. Hike

Conway, N.H. Rescue teams tramped through the White Mountains woods into this morning
searching for longtime Boston radio, and television broadcaster Ted OBrien, who failed to return
from a hike on Sunday.
The 60-year-old midday news anchor for WBUR went on a solo hike on some difficult and lightly
traveled trails about 10 miles west of the Maine border, according to New Hampshire officials and
Studio managers.
When he did not return by evening, OBriens wife, Susan, called WBUR to say that he was
missing. She notified the Carroll Country, N.H., sheriffs office, which alerted the New Hampshire
Fish and Game Department.
Rescue officials, who used six dogs to help in the operation, were expected to suspend (their
Search) early this morning and resume at daylight.
WBUR managers, who held a press briefing yesterday after, said OBrien had no health
problems they knew of and that he stayed in good physical conditions.
Jane Christo, general manager of the National Public Radio affiliate station at Boston University,
said the staff was optimistic that he would be found. The weather is good. Ted is in good shape. Its
an easy place to get lost. she said.
But Lieutenant Rick Estes of the Fish and Game Department, who headed the search, said it is
difficult territory.
As far as terrain, its desperate, he said. Its a very, very nasty place. There are a lot of ice-
damaged trees. The foot trails in that particular area are very, very little used and hard to stay on.
It was the second time in eight days that a visitor has disappeared in the White Mountains. A
search for Abraham Hauer of Brooklyn, N.Y., ended tragically when well-organized groups of fellow
Orthodox Jews found his body last Tuesday near Franconia. Hauer had died of natural causes while
hiking.
Christo said OBriens wife told her that he had been dressed appropriately for a hike, though
apparently not for staying out overnight in the mountains. He was probably not as equipped as he
should have been, said Estes, who estimated that the low temperature early yesterday would have
been in the 40s.

1. Who is Ted OBrien?
Ted OBrien is a radio and television broadcaster from Boston.
(1st paragraph, line 2)

2. What Happened to him?
He went on a solo hike on some difficult and lightly traveled trails about 10 miles west of the
Maine border and failed to return.
(1st paragraph, line 2)

3. Why are people worried about him?
Because he was missing, and according to Lieutenant Rick Estes of the Fish and Game
Department, Ted OBrien was missing in a very nasty place.
(8th paragraph, line 19)

4. What do you think will happen to him?
I think he will survive because he was in a good shape and he had no health problem.
(6th paragraph, line 15)

OBrien Turns Up Save, Sound, Thankful

DIANAS BATHS, N.H.He wore a T-shirt on his head, hugged himself inside his fleece sweatshirt,
inhaled the cool mountain air and breathed it deep into his chest to warm it while battling critters
that sounded like elephants in the darkness, zig-zagging his way toward a host of unknowns.
But after rescuers spent two days canvassing a 50-square-mile, boulder-strewn section of the
White Mountain National Forest, WBUR newscaster Ted OBrien emerged from the Moat Mountain
Trail yesterday with a half-eaten peanut butter sandwich and a warm mozzarella stick in his pocket,
awed, terribly thankful, and embarrassed to the core about trying an arduous hike far beyond his
skills.
A team of four volunteers and New Hampshire Fish and Game rescuers had just resumed their
search around 9:30 am when they met OBrien about 1-1/2 miles from the trailhead, walking toward
them wearing a Sail Boston baseball cap and holding a termite-eaten hiking stick.
Hi, OBrien said to the group. You wouldnt by any chance be looking for Ted OBrien, would
you?
Yesterday OBrien walked into the arms of his waiting wife, Susan, who hit him a few times on
the arm for putting her through a series of wrenching emotions.
Frankly, this is an embarrassing incident, said her 60-years-old husband, a veteran of the
Boston news scene. If I had been sensible, itd have been a one-day story, not a two-day story.
Basically, OBrien said, he was in way over his head.
When something like this first happens, you think, OK, now what? he said. But you have to
believe. I dont think anybody ever really thinks its not going to work out well. Even if you never
come out, you think its going to work out well.
After hiking a short and smooth portion of the Moat Mountain Trail several weeks ago with his
son Tim, OBrien wanted to do it solo, estimating 6-1/2 hours to traverse the Class III hikethe most
difficult gradewhich climbs some 3,000 feet in elevation. He took along a bottle of water, two
peanut butter sandwiches, and four cheese sticks.
He planned to follow it to the Attitash Trail all the way to Bear Notch Road, a distance veteran
say would take even a seasoned hiker some 11 hours.
I fought him with every rational and then irrational argument to do this, said Susan OBrien,
who argued with her husband about his plans. I think that people do not have enough respect for
this kind of situation. And his idea was that thousands of people go up here every year, no trouble.

1. In the end, what happened to OBrien?
OBriend was eventually found from the Moat Mountain Trail while eating his meals.
(2nd paragraph, line 5)

2. How did he feel about his adventure?
He felt so embarrassed about his loss. But he was thankful when he was found.
(6th paragraph, line 16)

3. How did his wife feel when he was found?
She felt so happy and satisfied when her husband was found. Felt so terribly happy that she hit
her husbands arm for expressing her wrenched emotions.
(5th paragraph, line 14)

4. Why did he get lost?
Because he tried an arduous hike far beyond his skills.
(2nd paragraph, line 7)


Vocabularies

Friday, March 8th 2013

English Indonesian
Reform Gerakan pembaharuan
Slaves Budak
Feminists Pejuang hak-hak wanita
Fervent Kuat
Abolitionist Anggota gerakan penghapusan
Slavery Perbudakan
Ownership Hak milik
Stake Pancang
Landowners Pemilik tanah
Conform Menyesuaikan diri
Primarily Terutama
Suffrage Hak pilih
Yield Hasil
Stubbornly Dengan keras kepala


Monday, March 11th 2013

English Indonesian
Renowned Terkenal
Massive Raksasa
Vault Kubah
Bulk Bagian terbesar
Granite Granit/Batu besi
Concrete Beton
Provide Menyediakan
Minerals Barang tambangan
Determine Ditentukan
Ranging Berkisar
Talc Talek
Quartz Kwarsa
Occur Terjadi
Peak Puncak
Humidity Kelembaban
Tropical Tropis
Intense Hebat
Surpass Melebihi
Emphasis Tekanan
Prevalent Lazim
General Umum
Particularly Terutama
Courtship Kenal-mengenal
Term Masa
Settlers Penetap
Immensely Luar biasa
Depicted Tergambar
Noble Bangsawan
Triumphs Kemenangan
Canoe Kano
Settlement Penyelesaian
Centered Memusat


Monday, April 15th 2013

English Indonesian
Tramped Berjalan kaki
Midday Tengah hari
Lightly Enteng
Trails Jejak
Alerted Menyiagakan
Suspend Mengakhiri
Briefing Pengarahan
Affiliate Cabang
Territory Wilayah
Terrain Tanah lapangan
Equipped Diperlengkapi
Estimated Diperkirakan
Fleece Bulu domba
Battling Berjuang
Critters Makhluk
Host Tuan rumah
Canvassing Mengumpulkan
Boulder Batuan besar
Strewn Bertebaran
Emerged Muncul
Arduous Sulit
Beyond Melebihi
Trailhead Jejak utama
Termite Rayap
Wrenching Memilukan
Sensible Berpikiran sehat
Traverse Melintasi
Along Terus