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FACULTY OF ENGINEERING, MANIPAL UNIVERSITY JAIPUR

SCHOOL OF ELECTRICAL, ELECTRONICS & COMMUNICATION (SEEC) ENGINEERING


Department of Electrical And Electronics Engineering
Home Assignment-1
Subject : Power System Analysis (PSA) (EE1505)
Prepared By : Dr. Amit Saraswat
Date of Submission : 29-09-2014

Q (1) Obtain the per unit impedance (reactance) diagram of the power system as shown in Fig.1. Let choose
100 MVA as a common base value of power for the power system. The power system data is given as:
Gen G
1
: 35 MVA, 10.5 KV, X=1.6
Gen G
2
: 25 MVA, 6.6 KV, X=1.2
Gen G
3
: 20 MVA, 6.6 KV, X=0.56
Trans T
1
: 15 MVA, 11/33 KV, X=15.2 /phase on HT side
Trans T
2
: 15 MVA, 33/6.2 KV, X=16 /phase on HT side
Trans Line TL: 20.5 /phase
Load A: 15 MW, 11 KV, 0.9 Lagging P.F.
Load B: 40 MW, 6.6 KV, 0.85 Lagging P.F.
Load C: 20 MW, 32.2 KV, 0.9 lagging P.F.

Bus 1
Bus 2
T
1
T
2
G
1
G
2
G
3
A
B
Bus 3
C

Fig. 1: Single Line Diagram of Power Systems
EE1505: Power System Analysis (PSA)

Dr. Amit Saraswat, Dept. of Electrical & Electronics Engg., Manipal University Jaipur (MUJ), India. 2

Q (2) The single line diagram of a radial transmission system is given as shown in Fig.2. The ratings and the
reactances of various components are shown therein. A load of 60 MW at 0.9 power factor (lagging) is
tapped from the 66 KV substation which is to be maintained at 60 KV. Calculate the terminal voltage
of sysnchronous machine. Represent the transmission line and transformers by series reactances only.

Fig. 2: Single Line Diagram of Power Systems
Q (3) Draw the per unit impedance diagram for the power system shown in Fig.3. Neglect resistance and
use a base of 100 MVA, 220 KV in 50 transmission line. The ratings of the generator, motors and
transformers are given as:
Gen G: 40 MVA, 25 KV, X= 20 %
Motor M
1
: 25 MVA, 11 KV, X= 30 %
Motor M
2
: 25 MVA, 11 KV, X= 30 %
Trans T
1
: 40 MVA, 33/220 KV, X=15 %
Trans T
2
: 30 MVA, 220/11 KV, X=15 %
Trans Line TL: 50 /phase


Fig. 3: Single Line Diagram of Power Systems
EE1505: Power System Analysis (PSA)

Dr. Amit Saraswat, Dept. of Electrical & Electronics Engg., Manipal University Jaipur (MUJ), India. 3

Q (4) The one-line diagram of a three-phase power system is shown in Fig.4. Select a common base of 100
MVA and 22 KV on the generator side. Draw an impedance diagram with all impedances including
the load impedance marked in per-unit. The manufacturers data for each device is given as follows:
Gen G: 90 MVA, 22 KV, X=18 %
Trans T
1
: 50 MVA, 22/220 KV, X=10 %
Trans T
2
: 40 MVA, 220/11 KV, X=6 %
Trans T
3
: 40 MVA, 22/110 KV, X=6.4 %
Trans T
4
: 40 MVA, 110/11 KV, X=8 %
Trans Line TL
1
: 220 KV, 48.4 /phase
Trans Line TL
2
: 110 KV, 65.43 /phase
Motor M: 66.5 MVA, 10.45 KV, X=18.5 %
Load A: 17 MVA, 0.9 p.f. (lagging) at 21.4 KV
Load B: 57 MVA, 0.6 p.f. (lagging) at 10.45 KV

Fig. 4: Single Line Diagram of Power Systems
Q (5) The one-line diagram of a three-phase system is as shown in Fig.5. The transformer reactance is 20
percent on a base of 100 MVA, 23/115 KV and the line impedance is Z = j 66.125 . The load at bus
2 is S
2
= 184.8 MW + j6.6 MVAr and at bus 3 is S
3
= 0 MW + j20 MVAr. It is required to hold the
voltage at bus 3 at
0
115 0 KV. Working in per-unit, determine the voltage at bus 2 and 1.

Fig. 5: Single Line Diagram of Power Systems
EE1505: Power System Analysis (PSA)

Dr. Amit Saraswat, Dept. of Electrical & Electronics Engg., Manipal University Jaipur (MUJ), India. 4

Q (5) Two generators rated 15 MVA, 11 KV having 15% sub-transient reactance are connected through
transformers and a 120 Km long line as shown in Fig.6. The reactance of the line is 0.12 /Km. The
transformers near the generators are rated 30 MVA, 11/66 KV with leakage reactance of 10% each. A
symmetrical three-phase fault occurs at a distance of 30 Km from one end of the line when the system
is on no-load but at rated voltage. Determine the fault current and the fault MVA.
Bus 1
Bus 2
(60 KV)
T
1
T
2
G
1
V
1
V
2
11/66 KV
30 MVA
X = 10%
66/11 KV
30 MVA
X = 10%
Transmission Line
66 KV
15 MVA,
11 KV
X
d
= 15%
G
2
15 MVA,
11 KV
X
d
= 15%

Fault
120 Km
30 Km

Fig. 6: Single Line Diagram of Power Systems
Q (6) Two 11 KV generators G
1
and G
2
are connected in parallel to a bus-bar. A 66 KV feeder is connected
to the bus-bar through a 11/66 KV transformer. Calculate fault MVA for three-phase symmetrical
fault: (a) at the high-voltage terminals of the transformer, and (b) at the load end of the feeder. Find
the fault current shared by G
1
and G
2
in each case. The ratings of the equipments are as follows:
Generator G
1
: 60 MVA, 11 KV, X= 15 %
Generator G
2
: 25 MVA, 11 KV, X= 12 %
Transformer T: 75 MVA, 11/66 KV, X=10 %
Feeder: 66 KV, X
F
= 25 /phase

Q (7) A 100 MVA, 13.2 KV generator is connected to a 100 MVA, 13.2/132 KV transformer. The
generators reactances are
''
d
X = 0.15 p.u.,
'
d
X = 0.25 p.u.,
d
X = 1.25 p.u. on a 100 MVA base, while
the transformer reactance is 0.1 p.u. on the same base. The system is operating on no-load at a rated
voltage when a three-phase symmetrical fault occurs at the HT terminals of the transformer.
Determine the following:
(a) The sub-transient, transient and steady state symmetrical fault currents in p.u. and in amperes.
(b) The maximum possible dc components.
(c) Maximum value of instantaneous current.
(d) Maximum RMS value of the symmetrical fault current.
EE1505: Power System Analysis (PSA)

Dr. Amit Saraswat, Dept. of Electrical & Electronics Engg., Manipal University Jaipur (MUJ), India. 5

Q (8) A 25 MVA, 11 KV generator with
''
d
X = 20 % is connected through a transformer to a bus that supplies
four identical motors as shown in Fig.7. Each motor has
''
d
X = 25 % and
'
d
X = 30 % on a base of 5
MVA, 6.6 KV. The three-phase rating of step-up transformer is 25 MVA, 11/66 KV, with leakage
reactance of 10 % and that of the step-down transformer is 25 MVA, 6.6 KV, with leakage reactance
of 10 %. The bus voltage at the motors is 6.6 KV when a three-phase fault occurs at the point F as
shown in Fig.7. The reactance of line is 30 . Assume that system is operating on no-load when the
fault occurs. For the specified fault, calculate the sub-transient current in the fault.


Fig. 7: Single Line Diagram of Power Systems
Q (9) A synchronous generator and a synchronous motor each rated 50 MVA, 11KV having 20% sub-
transient reactance are connected through transformers and a transmission line as shown in Fig.8. The
transformers are rated 50 MVA, 11/66 KV and 66/11 KV with leakage reactance of 10% each. The
line has reactance of 10% on base of 50 MVA. The motor is drawing 40 MW at 0.8 p.f. (leading) at
terminal voltage of 10.5 KV when a symmetrical three-phase fault occurs at the motor terminals.
Determine the sub-transient current in the generator, motor and fault.


Fig. 8: Single Line Diagram of Power Systems
EE1505: Power System Analysis (PSA)

Dr. Amit Saraswat, Dept. of Electrical & Electronics Engg., Manipal University Jaipur (MUJ), India. 6

Q (10) A generating station has four identical generators G
1
, G
2
, G
3
and G
4
each of 20 MVA, 11 KV having
20% reactance as shown in Fig.9. They are connected to a bus-bar which has a bus-bar reactor of
25% reactance of on 20 MVA base, inserted between G
2
and G
3
. A 66 KV feeder is taken off from
the bus-bar through a 15 MVA transformer having 8% reactance. A symmetrical 3-phase fault occurs
at the high voltage terminals of the transformer. Calculate the current fed into the fault.


Fig. 9: Single Line Diagram of Power Systems
Q (11) The one-line diagram of a power system is as shown in Fig.10. Draw positive, negative and zero
sequence networks of the given power system. The power system data is given as below:
Generator G
1
: 30 MVA, 11 KV, X
1
= 0.20 p.u., X
2
= 0.20 p.u., X
0
= 0.05 p.u.
Generator G
2
: 50 MVA, 11 KV, X
1
= X
2
= 0.25 p.u., X
0
= 0.06 p.u.
Transformer T
1
: 30 MVA, 11/220 KV, X
1
= X
2
= X
0
= 0.07 p.u.
Transformer T
2
: 50 MVA, 11/220 KV, X
1
= X
2
= X
0
= 0.08 p.u.
Transmission Line: X
1
= X
2
= 150 /phase, X
0
= 500 /phase


Fig. 10: Single Line Diagram of Power Systems
EE1505: Power System Analysis (PSA)

Dr. Amit Saraswat, Dept. of Electrical & Electronics Engg., Manipal University Jaipur (MUJ), India. 7

Q (12) A 30 MVA, 13.8 KV, 3-phase generator has a sub-transient reactance of 15%. It supplies two motors
over a transmission line having transformers at both ends as shown in the one-line diagram of Fig.11.
The motors are rated 15 MVA and 10 MVA, both 12.5 KV with a sub-transient reactance of 20%.
The transformers are both rated 50 MVA, 13.2/132 KV with a reactance of 10%. The series reactance
of the line is 90 /phase. The negative sequence reactance of each machine is equal to sub-transient
reactance. The zero sequence reactance of line is 300 /phase. Current limiting reactor connected in
neutrals of generator and motor M1 are 2 /phase. Draw the positive, negative and zero sequence
networks of the given power system.

Fig. 11: Single Line Diagram of Power Systems