Anda di halaman 1dari 10

# 1

## COLLEGE OF FOUNDATION AND GENERAL STUDIES

PUTRAJAYA CAMPUS
TEST 1
TRIMESTER 3, 2011/2012

PROGRAMME : Foundation in Engineering
SUBJECT CODE : CHEF 114
COURSE CODE : Chemistry I
DATE : 9 March 2012
DURATION : 3.00pm 4.45pm

NAME : _______________________________ STUDENT ID: ___________________

SECTION: ________________ LECTURER : ______________

I nstructions For Candidates :

2. Write the answers in the space provided.
3. All calculations must be shown clearly in order to get full marks.
4. No reference books, papers and mobile phones are allowed into the examination hall.
5. Periodic Table of the elements and Table of Constants are provided.

DO NOT OPEN THIS QUESTION PAPER UNTIL YOU ARE INSTRUCTED TO DO SO

Attendance List CHEF114 Test 1 (9 March 2012) Seat No:

NAME : _______________________________ STUDENT ID: ___________________

SECTION: ________________ LECTURER : _________________

SIGNATURE: ________________

2

QUESTION 1 [15 marks]

(a) (i) Name the three important subatomic particles. Which of these subatomic particles
have negligible mass?
[2 marks]

Electron ; proton and neutron. 3 x =1
Electron

(ii) The modern periodic table arranges element in order of increasing ________

[1 mark]
Number of protons.

(b) (i) Define isotopes [1 mark]

Ans: Atoms with the same number of protons but different number of neutrons.

(ii) Given the following data, calculate the average atomic mass of magnesium:

Isotope Mass of Isotope Abundance
Magnesium-24 23.985 78.70%
Magnesium-25 24.986 10.13%
Magnesium-26 25.983 11.17%

[2 marks]

Ans:

Avg atomic mass = (23.985 x 0.787) + (24.986 x 0.1013) + (25.983 x 0.1117)

= 24.3096

3

(c) (i) What is the correct formula for potassium sulfite and iron (III) nitrate?.
[1 mark]

Ans: K2SO3

and Fe(NO3)3

(ii) What is the correct name for HNO2 and Ba3(PO4)2 ?
[1 mark]
Ans: nitrous acid and barium phosphate

(iii) Give the formulas of the following nonmetal compounds
[1 mark]
Xenon difluoride; diphosphorus tetrafluoride

Ans: XeF2 ; P2F4

(d) (i) A cation of element X forms an ionic compound with bromine, having the
formula XBr2. If the ion of element X has a mass number of 230 and 86
electrons, how many neutrons does the element X have?

[3 marks]
Ans:
The formula XBr2 ; Br is Br
-
so X is

X
2+

Given that the ion X contains 86 e; So X
2+
must have 2 positive protons more
than it has negative electrons: p = 86 + 2 = 88

Since mass number 230 = n + p,
Then the number of neutrons is n = 230 - 88 = 142

4

(ii) What are metalloids?
[1 mark]
Elements with both behavior of metal and nonmetals.

(iii) All elements which are metals are solids except ________.
[1 mark]
mercury

(iv) Which fourth period transition element has the highest number of proton?
[1 mark]
Zinc

QUESTION 2 [15 marks]

(a) (i) From the following four solutions given, select the best and the worst in terms of
electrical conductivity.

Solution: 0.10 M CH3COOH 0.10 M NH3
0.10 M KNO3 0.10 M C6H12O6 (glucose)
[2 marks]

Ans = Best (source of most ions in solution): - KNO3.

Worst (source of zero ions in solution): - glucose - C6H12O6.

(ii) What is the term for a type of reaction in which two substances react to produce a
single compound?
[1 mark]
Combination reaction

(b) (i) What substance is reduced in the following redox reaction?
H
+
(aq)
+ Fe
(s)
+ NO
3

(aq)
Fe
3+
(aq)
+ NO
(aq)
+ H
2
O
(l)

[1 mark]
NO3
-

5

(ii) What is the classification of the types of chemical reaction illustrated by the
following reaction: Zn(s) + HCl(aq) ZnCl2(aq) + H2(g)

[1 mark]
single displacement and redox

(iii) What is the oxidation number of carbon in C2O4
2

?
[1 mark]
2y + -2(4) = -2; y = +3

(c) Transition metals can combine with carbon monoxide (CO) to form compounds such as
Fe(CO)5. Assume that you combine 0.125 g of nickel with CO and isolate 0.364 g of
Ni(CO)x. What is the value of x?
[3 marks]

Mass of CO = 0.364-0.125 = 0.239g; hence 0.239/28 = 8.5357 x 10
-3
mol
0.125 g/58.7 = 2.129 x 10
-3
mol of Ni

Ni : CO
2.129 x 10
-3
8.5357 x 10
-3

2.129 x 10
-3
2.129 x 10
-3

1 : 4;
So x= 4

6

(d) Sodium hydroxide (NaOH) reacts with phosphoric acid (H3PO4) to form sodium
phosphate (Na3PO4) and water (H2O) by the reaction:

3 NaOH(aq) + H3PO4(aq) Na3PO4(aq) + 3 H2O(l)

If 35.60 grams of NaOH is reacted with 30.80 grams of H3PO4,

(i) What is the limiting reactant?
(ii) Amount of Na3PO4 formed in grams?
(iii) How many grams of the excess reactant remains when the reaction is
completed?
[6 marks]

To determine the limiting reactant, calculate the amount of product formed by each reactant.
The reactant the produces the least amount of product is the limiting reactant.

Amount of Na3PO4 formed from 35.60 grams of NaOH
grams Na3PO4 = (35.60 g NaOH) x (1 mol NaOH/40.00 g NaOH) x (1 mol Na3PO4/3 mol
NaOH) x (163.94 g Na3PO4/1 mol Na3PO4)
= 48.64 grams

Amount of Na3PO4 formed from 30.80 grams of H3PO4

grams Na3PO4 = (30.80 g H3PO4) x (1 mol H3PO4/98. 00 grams H3PO4) x (1 mol Na3PO4/1
mol H3PO4) x (163.94 g Na3PO4/1 mol Na3PO4)

= 51.52 grams

The sodium hydroxide formed less product than the phosphoric acid. This means the sodium
hydroxide is the limiting reactant and 48.64 grams of sodium phosphate is formed.
+

grams of H3PO4 used = (48.64 grams Na3PO4) x (1 mol Na3PO4/163.94 g Na3PO4) x (1 mol
H3PO4/1 mol Na3PO4) x (98 g H3PO4/1 mol) = 29.08 grams

grams H3PO4 remaining = 30.80 grams - 29.08 grams
= 1.72 grams

7

QUESTION 3 [15 marks]

(a) (i) State the Charless Gas law
[1 mark]
Charles law state that, at constant pressure, the volume of a fixed mass of an ideal
gas is directly proportional to its temperature on the Kelvin scale.

(ii) A sample of neon gas occupies 4.8L at temperature 25C. If the temperature is
raised to 298C, what is the change in the volume of neon gas at constant
pressure?

[2 marks]

V1 / T1 = V2 / T2
4.8 / (25+273) = V2 / (298+273)
V2 = 9.20mL
Change in volume = 9.2mL - 4.8 mL= 4.4 mL

(b) (i) Use the kinetic molecular theory of gases to explain why two gases mix more
rapidly at high temperature than at low temperature.
[1 mark]

The average kinetic energy of the gas particle is proportional to absolute temperature.
Therefore, dissimilar gases mix at high temperature.

8

(ii) When 0.17 gram of a liquid is heated, it vaporized and occupied a volume of
59 mL at a pressure of 1.2 atm and 40C. Calculate the molar mass of the liquid.
[2 marks]

PV=nRT
(1.2 atm)(0.059L)=0.17g (0.08021 L.atm/mol.K) (40+273K)
MM
MM=61.7 g/mol

(c) When solid carbon dioxide (also known as dry ice), is heated to 400 K it becomes
gaseous. An 88.0 g sample of solid CO2 is placed into a sealed 100 L container that is
initially at a pressure of 1.00 atm and a temperature of 298 K. The container is heated to
400 K. What will be the final pressure inside the container?

[4 marks]

The molar mass of CO2 is = 44.01. The sample of 88.0 g ;
moles of CO2 = 88/44.01 = 2mol 1

Pco2 = nRT/V = 2 x 0.08206 x 400 / 100 = 0.656 atm. 1

The container initially at 1 atm and 298K. Then heated to 400K, so new pressure

P2/P1 = T2/T1
P2T1 = P1T2
P2 x 298 K = 400 K x 1 atm
P2= 1.34 atm

Total pressure at 400K is 0.656 atm + 1.34 atm= 2.0 atm. 1

9

(c) (i) State Daltons law of gas
[1 mark]

The total pressure of a mixture of ideal gases that do not react is the sum
of each constituent gas in the mixture.

(ii) A gas mixture containing 2.45 gram of N2 and 3.10 gram of Ne are introduce in a
container. If the total pressure of the gaseous mixture is 420 mmHg, what are the
partial pressures of N2 and Ne?
[5 marks]

Number of mole of N2 = 2.45 g / 28.02 gmol
-1

= 0.0874mol
Number of mole of Ne = 3.10 g / 20.18 gmol
-1

= 0.153mol

Mole fraction of N2 = 0.0874 mol = 0.363
(0.087+0.153) mol
Mole fraction of Ne = 0.153 mol = 0.636
(0.087+0.153) mol

Partial pressure of N2 = 420mmHg 0.363 = 152.46 mmHg
Partial pressure of Ne = 420mmHg - 152.46mmHg = 267.54 mmHg
= - (1.0 atm) (0.242 L)

N2H4 (l) + O2 (g) N2 (g) + 2H2O (g) H = -534 kJ
2 [H2O (l) H2O (g)] H = (+40.7 kJ) 2 = 81.4 kJ
2 H2O (g) 2 H2O (l) H = - 81.4 kJ

N2H4 (l) + O2 (g) N2 (g) + 2H2O (l)

Hrxn = -534 kJ + (- 81.4 kJ ) = -615.4 kJ

10

========END OF QUESTION PAPER=========
PERIODIC TABLE

1A
1
H
1.008
IIA
(2)

IIIA
(13)
IVA
(14)
VA
(15)
VIA
(16) VIIA
(17)
2
He
4.003
3
Li
6.941
4
Be
9.012
5
B
10.81
6
C
12.01
7
N
14.01
8
O
16.00
9
F
19.00
10
Ne
20.18
11
Na
22.99
12
Mg
24.31
IIIB
(3)
IVB
(4)
VB
(5)
VIB
(6)
VIIB
(7)
VIIIB
(8) (9) (10)
IB
(11)
1IB
(12)
13
Al
26.98
14
Si
28.09
15
P
30.97
16
S
32.06
17
Cl
35.45
18
Ar
39.95
19
K
39.10
20
Ca
40.08
21
Sc
44.96
22
Ti
47.90
23
V
50.94
24
Cr
52.00
25
Mn
54.94
26
Fe
55.85
27
Co
58.93
28
Ni
58.70
29
Cu
63.55
30
Zn
65.39
31
Ga
69.72
32
Ge
72.61
33
As
74.92
34
Se
78.96
35
Br
79.90
36
Kr
83.80
37
Rb
85.47
38
Sr
87.62
39
Y
88.91
40
Zr
91.22
41
Nb
92.91
42
Mo
95.94
43
Tc
98
44
Ru
101.1
45
Rh
102.9
46
Pd
106.4
47
Ag
107.9
48
Cd
112.4
49
In
114.8
50
Sn
118.7
51
Sb
121.8
52
Te
127.6
53
I
126.9
54
Xe
131.3
55
Cs
132.9
56
Ba
137.3.
57
La
138.9
72.
Hf
178.5
73
Ta
180.9
74
W
183.9
75
Re
186.2
76
Os
190.2
77
Ir
192.2
78
Pt
195.1
79
Au
197.0
80
Hg
200.6
81
Tl
204.4
82
Pb
207.2
83
Bi
209.0
84
Po
(209)
85
At
(210)
86
Rn
(222)
87
Fr
(223)
88
Ra
(226)
89
Ac
(227)
104
Rf
(261)
105
Db
(262)
106
Sg
(266)
107
Bh
(264)
108
Hs
(269)
109
Mt
(268)
110
Ds
(269)

58
Ce
140.1
59
Pr
140.9
60
Nd
144.2
61
Pm
(145)
62
Sm
150.4
63
Eu
152.0
64
Gd
157.3
65
Tb
158.9
66
Dy
162.5
67
Ho
164.9
68
Er
167.3
69
Tm
168.9
70
Yb
173.0
71
Lu
175.0

90
Th
232.0
91
Pa
(231)
92
U
238.0
93
Np
(237)
94
Pu
(244)
95
Am
(243)
96
Cm
(247)
97
Bk
(247)
98
Cf
(251)
99
Es
(252)
100
Fm
(257)
101
Md
(258)
102
No
(259)
103
Lr
(260)

TABLE OF CONSTANTS
Avogadro's number = 6.022 x 10
23
/mol
1 atm = 760 mmHg = 760 torr = 101,325 Pa
1 J = 1 kg. m
2
/ s
2
Specific heat of water = 4.184 J/g.C
1 amu = 1.49 x 10
-10
J
Planck constant, h = 6.63 x 10
-34
J.s
Rydberg constant, RH = 2.18 x 10
-18
J

Gas constant, R = 0.0821 L.atm/ K.mol
Gas constant, R = 8.314 J/ K.mol
1 L.atm = 101.3 J
Speed of light, c = 3.00 x 10
8
m/s
1 kg = 6.022 x 10
26
amu.
For an equation of the form:
ax
2
+ bx + c = 0

VIIIA
(18)