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### AE341 Lab Reports

Ricardo B. Torres

 Today’s Date: February 5, 2014 Date Performed: January 1, 2014 Group : A Instructor: Professor Torres
 m˙ Mass Flow Q Volumetric Flow Rate A Area, units U Velocity, units F Force, N m Mass, kg T Temperature, ◦ C ρ Density γ Speciﬁc Weight ∆t Time displacement β Deﬂection angle Subscript o Initial Condition th Theoretical ex Experimental

Nomenclature

Teaching Associate, Aerospace Engineering, M.S. Candidate, San Diego State University .

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Contents

 I Objective 3 II Theory 3 IIITest Procedure & Equipment 3 IV Results and Discussion 4 A Source of Error . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 B Questions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4

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I.

Objective

Given by the lab sheet:

I.E. To determine the magnitude of the force of a water jet upon a ﬂat plate

..............

II.

Theory

We should probably include some math. typesetting.

Here we begin with Eq. (1) that demonstrates some math

 m˙ = fracδmδt (1) The volumetric ﬂow rate is deﬁned as Q = uA Multiplying by the material density m˙ can also deﬁned as (2) m˙ = ρuA (3)

III.

Test Procedure & Equipment

The water table at SDSU was used seen in ﬁgure 1 Figure 1. Caption goes here.

Two plates were used a ﬂat plate with beta 90 and a hemisperical plate with beta 180 seen in ﬁgure 2 Figure 2. Caption goes here.

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IV.

Results and Discussion

The results can be seen in table 1 .

The maximum deviation for the ﬂat plate was %. The maximum

deviation for the hemispherical plate was %. The diﬀerence in slope between theory and experimental for the ﬂat plate was %. The diﬀerence in slope between theory and experimental for the hemispherical plate was %.

Table 1. Comparison Table

 Theoretical Experimental Delta Theo Theoretical Experimental Correlation Slope Slope & Exp Slope Bias Bias Correlation Flat Plate 86 4,21 1 1 1 1 Hemispherical 42 2,7 1 1 1 1 Plate
• A. Source of Error

Discuss error types, and causes during your experiment.

• B. Questions

1. Suppose the jet of water is inclined 10 from vertical. For the 180 deﬂector

• a) What eﬀect would this have on the measured force( give a value and percentage increase or decrease

in force)

• b) How would this aﬀect the slope?

• c) How would this aﬀect the bias?

• 2. If the jockey weight is not correctly zeroed by .1 cm, what would you expect the bias to be? Discuss

• 3. Explain at least one additional reason for observed slope or bias error?

• 4. If your scatter was not within experimental error, give a probable cause.

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Graphs

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Least Square Fit Calculations

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Correlation & Bias Calculations

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References

1 Rebek, A., Fickle Rocks, Fink Publishing, Chesapeake, 1982.

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