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Title centered here, double spaced. May take more than one line

Authors Name

South University

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This is a summary of the paper. Single block paragraph. Double Spaced. 120 words maximum
per page. If this was a study, it would include what/who was studied; the process; and the
outcome. For technical deliverables, the abstract is supposed to setup the objectives and preview
the results (findings, decisions, recommendations).
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Title of paper, same as title on title page

Text, double spaced indented paragraphs, left aligned. This is the body of the paper.
Typically title and reference pages are not included in page counts for submission of an

Left aligned headings (optional)
Headings help divide information, and provide a more uniform look to your paper. At
least one paragraph should be included under each heading.

Remember to reference all information! Use block quotes, usually with a typing font, for
a large amount of quoted information:
John Quincy Adams (July 11, 1767 February 23, 1848) was
an American lawyer, diplomat, politician, and President of
the United States (March 4, 1825 March 3, 1829).
Successively a Federalist, Democratic-Republican, National
Republican and later a Whig. Adams was the son of U.S.
President John Adams and Abigail Adams. (Source Author, 2014)

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Remember to reference quotes and ideas from the material that you read: many reasons
justify an exposition of his political ideology. His career has implications for an amazingly long
period in the life of the American Republic (Lipsky, 1950).

This is the summary of your paper. It should not be the same as the abstract, although it
may include some of the same information. Conclusions are at least a paragraph long. For
technical deliverables, the conclusion is supposed to revisit the objectives and summarize the
results (findings, decisions, recommendations).

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Lipsky, G.A. (1950). John Quincy Adams: his theory and ideas. New York: Thomas Y. Crowell.

Lord, L. (2003). A first lady of many firsts. US News and World Report, 135(20).

Elizabeth, R., Kitchen, C, & Bowen, R. (2012). How to outline a business code of ethics.
Retrieved May 22, 2014 from

Coenen, T. (2012). Creating a Company Code of Ethics. All Business. Retrieved May 22, 2014
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APA Rules

1. Overall APA Paper Format Rules
2. APA Rules For In-Text Citation of Sources
3. Compiling and Formatting the APA Reference List
Each of the above sections below contains a link to an actual sample pages of of the format being

Overall Paper Format - APA
The paper should be typed and double-spaced, on standard 8 x 11, 20-pound white
All four outside margins should be set at 1 inch.
As many as applicable of the following sections should appear in the paper, each one
beginning on a separate page: abstract, text, references, appendices, author identification
notes, footnotes, tables, figure captions, figures. Each section should have a running
header on the first line of the page, flush right.
The manuscript title on the first page should begin about 1/3 of the way down the page.
The title block on that page should include: full title (one or more lines), writer's name,
course name and number, instructor's name, and the date - all centered on double-spaced
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A running header with consecutive page numbering should appear flush right in the upper
right-hand corner of each page, including the manuscript title page. This running header
will appear one-half inch from the top of the page, and should contain a short version of
the manuscript title, followed by the page number.
In-Text Citation of Sources - APA
In general, APA in-text documentation format uses the author-date style of citation, with
the author's name, followed by the year of publication, cited within the body text of an
article. The complete details on the source document are included in the "References" list
at the end of the paper.
Normally, an in-text citation will be introduced with a "signal phrase" that includes the
authors last name, followed by the year of publication in parentheses. The page number
in the source document, preceded by a "p.", should appear in parentheses immediately
after the quotation. Example: As Smith (1998) observed, "There was only one way to go
after that" (p. 97).
In cases when the author's name is not in the signal phrase, enclose the author's last name,
the year, and the page number, in parentheses at the end of the quotation. Example:
(Smith, 1998, p. 263).
If the work cited has two authors, name both authors in the signal phrase and in
parentheses at the end of the quotation. For the latter, separate their names with the "&"
symbol. Example: (Hartwick & Rogers, 1999).
For more than two authors, identify all of the authors in the introductory signal phrase or
in the parentheses the first time they are named. Example: (Brendan, Donaldson, Smith,
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& Warden, 1995). Later citations of the same work can use the first author's name
followed by "et al." Example: (Brendan et al., 1995).
If the author is an organization with a long cumbersome name, use the entire name in the
body text the first time it is used, with the acronym for the organization enclosed in
parentheses, followed by the year. Example: (American Society of Strategic Planners
[ASSP], 1997). For later citations of the same work, use the acronym followed by the
year. Example: (ASSP, 1997).

Reference List - APA
A list of all sources cited in the paper must be included at the end of the paper. This list is
entitled "References" and must begin on a separate page after the last page of text. This
heading should be centered on the page.
The reference list will arrange in alphabetical order, by author's last name. If there is
more than one work by the same author, place the entries in order of publication date,
from oldest to most recent. (i.e. list 1991 references before 1995 references for the same
The first line of each entry in the list of references is typed flush to the left margin.
Subsequent lines for the same entry are indented one-half inch. All lines are double-
spaced with no extra spaces between entries.
All author's names in the references list are to use the inverted form; with last name first.
Initials should be used for the author's first name. For two or more authors, separate the
names by commas and use "&" instead of "and" for the last name mentioned.
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For the references list, use the last name of the author; do not use "et al" there.
When an author appears as both a sole author, and as the first author of a group, list the
single author entry first.
If no author name is available for a publication, alphabetize the entry by the title of the
work, and use a shortened version of the title in parenthetical "in-text" citations in the
body of the text.
For the title of the work being cited, use underlining or italics, not both. They are
equivalent in this case. Whichever convention is chosen must be used throughout the
essay for all titles cited.
When referencing BOOKS, capitalize the first word and all proper nouns contained in the
title and sub-title. Do not use all capitals.
When citing ARTICLES capitalize the first word and all proper nouns in the title. Do not
put titles of articles in quotations.
When referencing PERIODICALS such as magazine articles or articles in scholarly
journals, list the volume number in arabic numerals, and underline it. Do not use "vol."
before the number, and do not use "p." or "pp." for the page numbers. (These can be used
when referencing newspaper articles or works in anthologies).

Spacing and Punctuation
Space once after all punctuation as follows:
after commas, colons, and semicolons; after punctuation marks at the ends of sentences;
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after periods that separate parts of a reference citation; and after the periods of the initials
in personal names (e.g., J. R. Zhang).
Exception: Do not space after internal periods in abbreviations (e.g., a.m., i.e., U.S.) or
around colons in ratios.