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PETROBRAS TOTAL WORKSHOP

Subsea Oil Water Separation - OWS


SSAO OWS FOR MARLIM FIELD
France, June 2008
Outline
Outline
1. Petrobras Motivations
2. Scenariofor thePrototype
3. Challenges& Petrobras Actions
4. PrototypeDesign Premises
Motivation: High watercuts
Motivation: High watercuts
2007 2010
Water treatment
Year
Water
2015
Increasing production of water - Platforms topped-up
Increasing cost of water treatment
Increasing production of water - Platforms topped-up
Increasing cost of water treatment
Motivation: Environment
Motivation: Environment
Environment friendlysolution
Environment friendlysolution
Reservoir
Subsea separation
Surface separation and
treatment
Multiphase
production
Water
discard
Water
discard
Multiphase
production
.
. .
. . .
Year of discovery: 1985
Year of start-up: 1991
Total oil production:
Peak: 650,000 bpd, apr-2002
Currently: 410,000 bpd, jan-2007
Total water production:
295,000 bpd, jan-2007
Water depth: 500 m to 1,000 m
Campos Basin
N
Scenario for the Prototype in Marlim
Scenario for the Prototype in Marlim
Host Platform
Host Platform
P37
FPSO Turret
Process capacity
Oil: 180,000 bpd
Water: 120,000 bpd
Gas: 3.1 million m3/d
Water depth: 890 m
Scenario Definition History
Scenario Definition History
P35 Scenario
Basic Design 1
J une 2006
1
st
evaluation
Redesign
API: 18 degree
Emulsion:
Higher stability
2nd evaluation
Dec 2006
P37 Scenario
API: 22 degree
Emulsion:
Lowstability
Sand: up to 100 ppm
Basic Design 2
march 2008
3
rd
evaluation
J un 2008
Prototype
2009/2010
Water depth: 870m
Well: MRL-141 Well: MRL-102
PWRI - Marlim Field Pilot
PWRI - Marlim Field Pilot
LP Tests
Prototype 2009/2010
HP Tests
Detailed design
Manufacturing
Integration
Tests
Field
Tests
2009/2010
J une 2008
Project Status
Project Status
BasicDesign for P37 aplicationready
Testsat P35 / MRL 94 well interventionsongoing
Contract discussionsongoing
Waitingfor FMC Commercial propposal
Technical andEconomical evaluationreadywaitingfor FMC negociating
conditionsfor submittingto theDirectiveComittee
Structuringfor theimplementationof thenext phase
Scenario
Scenario
Marlim Field :
Highwater productionandplatformstoppedup
No dumpwell
Highabsoluterevenue/highimpact for thetechnology
P37 Platform:
Oil API: 22 degrees(insteadof API 18 degrees)
Lower emulsionstability(highstabilityfor lower
APIs)
AvailableroomontheTurret
Fewer changingsto acomodate
Availablepower (2,5 MWatt)
Scenario
Scenario
Productionwell MRL 141:
70% watercut in december 2009
Total flowrate: 3500 m3/day
ReinjectionWell MRL - 488
Highreservoir permeability: 7000 mD
Possible injection above fracture propagation pressure
Main Challenges for Marlim OWS
Main Challenges for Marlim OWS
Emulsion stability
Reinjection
Separation
10 ppm of solids
100 ppm of oil
Up to 60% water in oil
Pipe separator compact gravity separation
Schmoo / Corrosion / Scale
BR Actions to deal with the challenges
BR Actions to deal with the challenges
Separation
Testsin Porsgrunn, Conceptual Studiesandin depthlab
researchsonheavyoil separation
QualificationProgrambefore/duringtheSSAO (Marlim
OWS) implementation
EmulsionStability
Testingseveral chemicalsfor definitionof thedemulsifier
to beinjectedonthegaslift linestream
Reinjection
TestsonP35: reinjectionof producedwater
Schmoo/Corrosion/Scale
Testingchemicalsfor dosedinjectionand/or batch
injection
Reinjection tests at P35
Reinjection tests at P35
Slop Tank
Degasser
TO
Gravity
separator
Reservoir
tank
Injection
Pump
Filters
Heat
exchangers
Production
Wells
MRL-94
Overboarding
swivel
Choke
90C
40C
P35 tests
Schmoo
Schmoo
Slop Tank
Degasser
TO
Gravity
separator
Reservoir
tank
Injection
Pump
Filters
Heat
exchangers
Production
Wells
MRL-94
Overboarding
swivel
Choke
90C
40C
P35 tests
Schmoo detected
and sampled
Design Premises for the Prototype on P37
Design Premises for the Prototype on P37
Production well
Reinjection well
Platform
Oil: 22
o.
API
Chemical injection
Total flow: 18,500 bpd
Watercut @ start-up: 65%
Production well MRL-141
Reinjection well MRL-93
Reinjection above fracturing
pressure
Expected minimum performance
water removal: 70%
OWS
Oil in Water < 100ppm
Produced Water and Re-injection Water
Specifications
Produced Water and Re-injection Water
Specifications
Well productionstream
Maximumsandcontent: 100 ppm
Freewater (demulsifier action)
Seawater water injectionhaswashedupthereservoir
Specificationsfor there-injectionwater system:
Maximumsandcontent: 10 ppm
Maximumoil content: 100 ppm
Oil/gasandlowwater
Oil-water line
Gasline
Multiphaseflow
Simplified Process Flow Diagram
Simplified Process Flow Diagram
Reinjection
well
Oil/gas and low
water to the
platform
Production inlet
From the production well
1 2
3
4
5
6
Gas-liquid
separation
Water
polishment
Solids management system not depicted
Reinjection
Pump
Liquid level
chamber
gravity oil-water
separation
Real time oil in
water monitor
Platform
Process Flow Diagram / Process Design
and Related Topics
Process Flow Diagram / Process Design
and Related Topics
Conceptual FMC for Marlim
Conceptual FMC for Marlim
HxLxW: 8,4m x 29,5m x 8,5 m
298 toneladas
Marlim Oil Water Subsea Separation
Concept SSAO
Marlim Oil Water Subsea Separation
Concept SSAO
Oil-water overall separation
efficiency expectative > 70%
Subsea Separation Station
Subsea Separation Station
Subsea Separation Station
Subsea Separation Station
Subsea Separation Station
Subsea Separation Station
System Artistic View
System Artistic View
Oil water
subsea
separator
Multiphase line w/
low watercut
Production
Well
Reinjection
Well