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# NFC INSTITUTE OF ENGINEERING & FERTILIZER RESEARCH

Course File

Engr. Atta Ullah Mazhar
Lecturer
Mechanical Engineering Department

Department of Mechanical Engineering

NFC INSTITUTE OF ENGINEERING & FERTILIZER RESEARCH JARANWALA
Lecture Plan
ME 474 FINITE ELEMENT ANALYSES
Week Description
1 Introduction to FEA, Applications & Accuracy of FEA, Bandwidth method, Steps in FEA
concentrated loads, Plane stress case, Plane strain case.
3 Direct method, Discretization, Shape function, Element Equation matrix, Global Stiffness
matrix, Boundary conditions, Solution Phase.
4 Torsional Problems, weighted residual formulation, Sub Domain method, Collocation
method, Glarekin Method, Least Square method.
5 Principle of minimum potential energy, Boundary value problem, Initial value problem,
Eigen value problem, Gradient Theorem, Divergence Theorem.
6 Functional, Variational Symbol, Weak Formulation
7 Eigen value problem, Gradient Theorem, Divergence Theorem.
8 Ritz Method, Rayleigh Ritz Method, Problems of J.N Reddy, K.J. Bathe books.
9 Midterm exams
10 Stress Strain criteria, Interpolation matrix, Principle of virtual work/ Principle of virtual
displacement.
11 2 Node bar (Link) Element, K.J. Bathe examples (ch#4)
12 3 Node Bar Element (Quadratic Element), K.J. Bathe examples (ch#4)
13 4 Node Element (Quadrilateral Element), K.J. Bathe examples (ch#4)
14 3 Node Triangular Element (Constant strain element (CST)), K.J. Bathe examples (ch#4)
15 4 Node Bar Element, K.J. Bathe examples (ch#4)
16 Axisymmetric Element, Iso-Parametric FEM Formulation, Quadrilateral Elements,
Jacobean Matrix,
18 End Terms exams

NFC INSTITUTE OF ENGINEERING & FERTILIZER RESEARCH, FSD
Mechanical Engineering Department

Class: 4
th
Year
Course Name: ME 474 Finite Element Analysis
Teacher: Atta UllahMazhar
Qualification: B.Sc. Mechanical Engineering
Semester : 7
th
Semester
CreditHours: (3,1)/Week
ClassTimings: As per time table
ClassLocation: 4
th
Year Classroom
TelephoneNo. +923154418642
E-mail: Atta_mazhar@yahoo.com

TextBooks:
1. Finite Element Analysis-Theory and Application by
SaeedMoaveni, Prentice Hall

2. Finite Element Procedures by K.J. Bathee

ReferenceBooks:

1. The Finite Element Method: Principles and Applications by
P.E.Lewis, J.P. Ward. Addison-Wesley Publishing Co.

2. Advanced Strength and Applied Stress Analysis by Richard G.
Budynass, McGraw Hill

Subject : : FINITE ELEMENT METHOD
Exam : Mid Term Examination
Class : 7thSemester (Session 2010)

Q No. 1:
A shaft is made of three parts, as shown in figure. Parts AB and CD are made of the same material with modulus of
rigidity of G = 9.8 * 10^3 ksi, and each has a diameter of 1.5 in. Segment BC is made of a material with G = 11.2
*10^3 ksi and has a diameter of 1 in. The shaft is fixed at both ends. A torque of 2400 lb.in is applied at C. Using
three elements; determine the angle of twist at B and C and torsional reactions at the boundaries.
(15)

Q No. 2:
Solve the equation by Rayleigh Ritz Method:
-d/dx {(1+2x
2
) du/dx} + u = x
2
0<x<1
u(0) = 1 (du/dx)|
x=1
= 2
(15)

MECHANICAL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT
Mid term-2013

MECHANICAL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT
Mid term-2013

Subject : FINITE ELEMENT METHOD
Exam : Final Term Examination
Class : 7thSemester (Session 2010)

Q NO. 1:
Find the Interpolation matrix (H) of 4 node bar element. (10)
Q NO. 2: (10)
Find the Jacobean matrix (J) and Jacobean inverse (J
-1
) of the following quadrilateral element.

Where AB = 4cm, BC = 10cm, AD = 8cm
5
th
node is at center of AD line.
Q NO. 3: (5)
Find the B matrix of the 3 node triangular element having coordinates A(-3, 0), B (3, 0), C (0, 3)

Q NO. 4:
Solve the following by Rayleigh Ritz Method (15)

(Assume all functions used)

MECHANICAL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT
Final term-2013

NFC INSTITUTE OF ENGINEERING & FERTILIZER RESEARCH
Course File

Engr. Atta Ullah Mazhar
Lecturer
Mechanical Engineering Department

Department of Mechanical Engineering

NFC INSTITUTE OF ENGINEERING & FERTILIZER RESEARCH JARANWALA

Fluid Machanics I (Lecture Plan)
Lect # Description
1. Introduction, fluid statics.
2. Absolute, Gauge and vacuum pressures, pressure gradient ,
3. Measurement of pressure, hydrostatics pressure
4. Manometer, classification of manometer
5. Tube gauges to measure fluid pressure
6. Numerical Problems Related to pressure measurement
7. Pascals law Force on plane and curved surfaces ,
8. Numerical problems.
9. Buoyancy and stability considerations for floating and immersed bodies,
10. I
st
Quiz
11. Conditions of Equilibrium
12. Numerical problems
13. Hydrostatics and its Application
14. Numerical problems
15. Meta centre and meta centric height
16. Problem Related to meta centric height.
17. Integral relations for a control volume
18. Numerical problems
19. Mid Exam
20. Incompressible flow
21. Equation of continuity of a liquid flow
22. Flow problems
23. Total and static pressure
24. Bernoullis equation
25. Numerical problems relative to Bernoulli equation
26. Flow through orifices , types of orifices
27. Relative problems
28. 2
nd
Quiz.
29. Impact of jets on curved surfaces
30. Numerical problem relative to Impact of jets on curved surfaces
31. Differential relation for a fluid particle
32. Numerical problems
33. Preparation Leaves.
34. Final Exam.

NFC INSTITUTE OF ENGINEERING & FERTILIZER RESEARCH, FSD
Mechanical Engineering Department

Class: 2
nd
Year
Course Name: Fluid Machines I
Instructor: Atta Ullah Mazhar
Qualification: B.Sc. Mechanical Engineering
Semester : 3
rd
Semester
Credit Hours: 3/Week
Class Timings: As per timetable
Class Location: 2
nd
Year Classroom
Telephone No. 03154418642
E-mail: atta_mazhar@yahoo.com

Text Books:
Fluid Mechanics By F.M White
Fundamentals of Fluid MechanicsBy Munson ,Young & Okiishi

Reference Books:

Fluid Mechanics By Shames

Engg. Fluid Mechanics By clayton

Paper : Fluid Mechanics-I
Class : 2
nd
Semester
Examination : Summer Semester
Time allowed : 01:00 Hr.

NOTE: ATTEMPT ALL QUESTIONS.ASSUME THE MISSING DATE

Q. No. Part Description

Marks
Q. 1 A Define and explain inverted differential manometer

05
B A certain gas of 0.3m
3
volume is contained in a vessel at 22
0
C and 250 Kpa
absolute pressure, If a gas constant is 215Nm/KgK, find the density and
mass of the gas.
05

Q. 2 A Describe the relation between absolute and guage pressure with the aid of
diagram
04

B A circular door of I m diameter closes an opening in the vertical side of a
bulkhead, which retains sea water. If the centre of the opening is at a depth
of 2m from the water level, determine the total pressure on the door. Take
specific gravity of sea water as 1.03.

06
Q. 3 A Define mega centre and metacentre height. Write down different types of
equilibrium.
03
B A wooden cylinder 2.2m in diameter and 2.2m high is floating in water
with its axis vertical. The specific gravity of the wood is 0.70, find the
metacentric height and comment on the equilibrium of the cylinder.

07

MECHANICAL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT
Mid term-2013

MECHANICAL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT
Mid term-2013

MECHANICAL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT
Final term-2013

Subject: Fluid Mechanics II
Paper: End Semester
Marks: 40
Time: 90 Minutes
NOTE: Attempt all questions, draw suitable diagrams where necessary.

Question
No.
Description Marks
1. Discuss different types of casing for the impeller of a centrifugal pump.

10
2.

A centrifugal pump discharges 7500 litres of water per minute against a
total head of 25 meters when running at 660 rpm. The outer diameter of
impeller is 600mm and the ratio of outer to inner diameter is 1. The area
of flow, through the wheel is 0.06m
2
. The vanes are set back at an angle
of 45
o
. Water enters the wheel radially and without shock. Calculate
manometric efficiency and vane angle at inlet.

10
3.

a. What is the comparison of centrifugal and reciprocating pumps?
b. Define the slip of pump.
c. What is negative slip of pump and also give reason?
d. Define the double acting reciprocating pump.
e. Discuss the working principal of hydraulic press.

4*5=20

MECHANICAL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT
Mid Term-2013

NFC INSTITUTE OF ENGINEERING & FERTILIZER RESEARCH
Course File

Engr. Atta Ullah Mazhar
Lecturer
Mechanical Engineering Department

Department of Mechanical Engineering

NFC INSTITUTE OF ENGINEERING & FERTILIZER RESEARCH JARANWALA

Lecture Plan
ME 241 MECHANICS OF MACHINE-I
Week Description
1 Friction between un-lubricated surfaces, motion on inclined plane
2 Screw threads and efficiency, friction of pivot & collar
3 Journal & thrust bearings, cone, plate and centrifugal clutch
4 Mechanisms, link, lower & higher pair joints, kinematic chain, frame, linkage
5 Kinematic ally equivalent mechanisms, degree of freedom, connectivity & mobility,
6 Velocity and acceleration analysis of four bar & slider crank mechanism
7 Relative velocity & relative acceleration analysis ( linkages with rotating sliding joints,
8 Rolling contact analysis, cam contact analysis
9
Midterm exams
10 Gears ( spur gears, condition for constant velocity, involutes
11 Gear terminology & standards, contact ratio, rack & pinion
12 Motion limit for slider crank mechanism, graphical & analytical position
13 Internal gears, interference, helical, bevel & worm gears
14 Gear trains (simple)
15 Compound, concentric & planetary gear trains
16 Quick return mechanism analysis
17 Grashof rules, inversion
18
End Terms exams

NFC INSTITUTE OF ENGINEERING & FERTILIZER RESEARCH, FSD
Mechanical Engineering Department

Class: 2
nd
Year
Course Name: Mechanics of Machines I
Instructor: Atta Ullah Mazhar
Qualification: B.Sc. Mechanical Engineering
Semester : 4
th
Semester
Credit Hours: 3/Week
Class Timings: As per timetable
Class Location: 2
nd
Year Classroom
Telephone No. 03154418642
E-mail: atta_mazhar@yahoo.com

Text Books:
Mechanics of Machines, Elementary theory and Examples
by John Hannah & R.C Stephens
Mechanics of Machines, Advanced theory and Examples
by John Hannah & R.C Stephens

Reference Books:

Mechanics of Machines by W.L Cleghorn
Theory of Machines and Mechanisms by John J. Uicker,
Gordon R. Pennock, Joseph E. Shigley

Subject: MECHANICS OF MACHINES-I
Exam : Mid Term Examination
Class : 4
th
Semester (Session 2012)

Q NO. 1: Derive the expression for the torque required to lift up the load on an inclined plane and also find out
the efficiency of an inclined plane. Draw a complete free body diagram. (6+2+2)
Q NO. 2: Find the force required to move a load of 450 N up a rough plane, the force being applied parallel to the
plane. The inclination of the plane is such that a force of 70 N inclined at 45
o
to similar smooth plane would keep
the same load in equilibrium. The coefficient of friction is 0.5. (08)
Q NO. 3: The mean diameter of a square threaded screw jack is 45 mm. The pitch of the thread is 15mm. The
coefficient of friction is 0.18. What force must be applied at the end of a 0.9 m long lever, which is at 90
o
to the
longitudinal axis of the screw to raise the load of 35 KN and to lower it? (14)

MECHANICAL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT
Final term-2013

MECHANICAL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT
Mid term-2013

Subject: MECHANICS OF MACHINES-I
Exam : Final Term Examination

Q NO. 1: A Porter governor has equal arms each 250 mm long and pivoted on the axis of rotation. Each ball has a
mass of 5 kg and the mass of the central load on the sleeve is 25 kg. The radius of rotation of the ball is 150 mm
when the governor begins to lift and 200 mm when the governor is at maximum speed. Find the minimum and
maximum speeds and range of speed of the governor. (15)

Q No. 2: In an engine governor of the Porter type, the upper and lower arms are 200mm and 250 mm respectively
and pivoted on the axis of rotation. The mass of the central load is 15 kg,the mass of each ball is 2 kg and friction of
the sleeve together with the resistance of the operating gear is equal to a load of 25 N at the sleeve. If the limiting
inclinations of the upper arms to the vertical are 30 and 40, find, taking friction into account, range of speed of
the governor. (15)

Q No. 3: Discuss the different types of belts. (10)

MECHANICAL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT
Final term-2013

NFC INSTITUTE OF ENGINEERING & FERTILIZER RESEARCH
Course File

Engr. Atta Ullah Mazhar
Lecturer
Mechanical Engineering Department

Department of Mechanical Engineering

NFC INSTITUTE OF ENGINEERING & FERTILIZER RESEARCH JARANWALA

Lecture Plan
ME 362 MECHANICS OF MACHINES-II
Week Description
1 Belts and rope drives, chains and sprockets
3 Effort and power, sensitivity, controlling force and stability
4 crank effort diagram, flywheels , profile cam design
5 Hooks joint, steering mechanism, Geneva mechanism
6 gyroscope, gyroscopic stabilization
7 theory and applications of dynamometers
8 force analysis of mechanisms (slider crank mechanism)
9 Midterm exams
10 spur, helical, bevel & worm gears, cam
11 torques on gear trains
12 balancing, balancing of rotating masses
13 balancing of reciprocating masses
14 balancing of in-line engines
15 balancing of V-engines
17 balancing machines
18 End Terms exams

NFC INSTITUTE OF ENGINEERING & FERTILIZER RESEARCH, FSD
Mechanical Engineering Department

Class: 2
nd
Year
Course Name: Mechanics of Machines II
Instructor: Atta Ullah Mazhar
Qualification: B.Sc. Mechanical Engineering
Semester : 4
th
Semester
Credit Hours: 3/Week
Class Timings: As per timetable
Class Location: 2
nd
Year Classroom
Telephone No. 03154418642
E-mail: atta_mazhar@yahoo.com

Text Books:
Mechanics of Machines, Elementary theory and Examples
by John Hannah & R.C Stephens
Mechanics of Machines, Advanced theory and Examples
by John Hannah & R.C Stephens

Reference Books:

Mechanics of Machines by W.L Cleghorn
Theory of Machines and Mechanisms by John J. Uicker,
Gordon R. Pennock, Joseph E. Shigley

Subject: MECHANICS OF MACHINES-II
Exam : Mid Term Examination

Q NO. 1: In a four bar chain ABCD, AD is fixed and is 150 mm long. The crank AB is 40 mm long and rotates at
120 r.p.m. clockwise, while the link CD = 80 mm oscillates about D. BC and AD are of equal length. Find the

Q NO. 2: The crank and connecting rod of a theoretical steam engine are 0.5 m and 2 m long respectively. The
crank makes 180 r.p.m. in the clockwise direction. When it has turned 45 from the inner dead centre position,
determine : 1. velocity of piston, 2. angular velocity of connecting rod, (10)

Q NO. 3: The crank of a slider crank mechanism rotates clockwise at a constant speed of 300 r.p.m. The crank is
150 mm and the connecting rod is 600 mm long. Determine: 1. linear velocity and acceleration of the midpoint of
the connecting rod, and 2. angular velocity and angular acceleration of the connecting rod, at a crank angle of 45
from inner dead centre position. (10)

MECHANICAL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT
Midterm-2013

Subject: MECHANICS OF MACHINES-II
Exam : Final Term Examination

Q NO. 1: A cam is to give the following motion to a knife-edged follower:
1. Outstroke during 60 of cam rotation; 2. Dwell for the next 30 of cam rotation; 3. Return stroke during next 60
of cam rotation, and4. Dwell for the remaining 210 of cam rotation.
The stroke of the follower is 40 mm and the minimum radius of the cam is 50 mm. The follower moves with
uniform velocity during both the outstroke and return strokes. Draw the profile of the cam when
(a) The axis of the follower passes through the axis of the cam shaft,
(20)

Q NO. 2: Four masses m1, m2, m3 and m4 are 200 kg, 300 kg, 240 kg and 260 kg respectively. The corresponding
radii of rotation are 0.2 m, 0.15 m, 0.25 m and 0.3 m respectively and the angles between successive masses are
45, 75 and 135. Find by Analytical Method the position and magnitude of the balance mass required, if its
radius of rotation is 0.2 m., (10)

Q NO. 3:A shaft carries four masses A, B, C and D of magnitude 200 kg, 300 kg, 400 kg and 200 kg respectively
and revolving at radii 80 mm, 70 mm, 60 mm and 80 mm in planes measured from A at 300 mm, 400 mm and 700
mm. The angles between the cranks measured anticlockwise are A to B 45, B to C 70 and C to D 120. The
balancing masses are to be placed in planes X and Y. The distance between the planes A and X is 100 mm, between
X and Y is 400 mm and between Y and D is 200 mm. If the balancing masses revolve at a radius of 100 mm, find
their magnitudes and angular positions.. (10)

MECHANICAL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT
Final term-2013