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Subject: The Electronic Throttle Control (EML )

Author: shogun (moderator) : member since March,

2004 : 17789 posts
Posted on: 2009-10-03 19:47:35 from

The Electronic Throttle Control (EML ) system replaces the previous mechanical
transmission and transfer linkage of the accelerator pedal angle between the
accelerator pedal and throttle valve.

The most important components of EML are the control unit, Pedal Value Sender (PWG
) and the EML Throttle Valve (DK ).
In addition to transmission of the accelerator pedal angle (position) from the accelerator
pedal to the throttle valve. the EML system performs several other functions.

- Idle speed control

- Engine speed limitation

- Vehicle speed limitation

- Cruise Control FGR )

Throttle valve opening in accordance with various characteristic progression curves
which are selected from a pedal characteristic map corresponding to the drive status
- Synchronization of the throttle valves

Interfaces for data exchange with other control units (e.g. Automatic Stability Control
(ASC ), Digital Motor Electronic (DME ) and Electronic Transmission Control (EGS )
Safety test of important components used by the EML system - Maintaining vehicle
operability in the event of component failure by making available substitute values
- Self-Diagnosis

All functions are monitored by the control unit program. This monitoring function also
includes the program run of the control unit. The program run is controlled by the
hardware. When the hardware detects a defect, the program run is terminated and then

By way of a servomotor (actuator), the EML throttle valve (DK ) is opened by the output
stage in the EML control unit against the force of a spring. The output stage activates
the servomotor with square-wave voltage which has a fixed frequency. The different
settings of the EML throttle valve are achieved by altering the ratio between the cut-in
and cut-out duration.

When the EML control unit or the EML throttle valve are renewed, or power is cut to the
control unit, the information relating to the lower throttle valve (DK) limit stop is lost or
incorrect. The EML control unit therefore has a teaching feature which learns the throttle
valve (DK) limit stop position once again. When learning this throttle valve (DK) limit
stop, the EML system establishes the relationship between the mechanical limit stop
and the throttle valve (DK) potentiometer angle. The learning procedure assumes that
the vehicle is in cruising mode, the detected water temperature is > 60C and the
engine speed is> 1920 rpm. When all these conditions are fulfilled, the servomotor
(actuator) slowly moves the throttle valve against the lower mechanical limit stop. When
this limit stop is reached, the EML system stores this teaching value. This learning
procedure is carried out during each vehicle start until the new value can be stored.

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interconnected system of signals to the drive control units (CU)

more details--

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E32 750iL 11/88, E32 750iL Highline 03/90

The 7 Series E32 Forum | Message Thread:
The Electronic Throttle Control (EML ) (link) (imp) - shogun 2009-10-03
19:47:35 (958 views)

This thread is closed to new posts.

We are going to need to pull codes from your computer. This is the bast way to figure out whats going on.

The DME unit recognizes exhaust related faults and displays this by lighting up the "Check Engine" light continuously.

NOTE : The "Check Engine" comes on when the ignition is turned on, and goes out when the engine starts. It remains on continuously while the engine is
running only if there is a fault.

Faults can be pin pointed and eliminated with the help of a flash code .

To activate the light in the output mode (flash code):

Switch the ignition to the run (ON) position.
Depress the accelerator pedal five (5) times to the wide open throttle position within five (5) seconds to display flash codes for DME control unit 1. The
accelerator pedal must be depressed six (6) times to display the flash codes for DME control unit 2. NOTE: Since the BMW V12 engine uses two
independent DME control units, fault codes and procedures must be followed for the specific system. DME system 1 fault codes affect cylinders 1-6. DME
system 2 fault codes affect cylinders 7-12.
Read and record any flash codes that are displayed.