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Techniques to solve Data Interpretation problems

Today I'm going to share problems related to X-Y charts in Data Interpretation. You all know
that data interpretation is very scoring section if you can do calculations fast. Always
remember that while doing the DI problems, just do the required calculations and if
calculations are very lengthy, then try to find approximate value.
Following is a problem of X-Y chart. I guess you all know how the data is presented in X-Y
charts. Lets try this problem. I will tell you the good way to solve the question.
Problem1: Study the following graph and try to answer the questions:
Graph: Units of products Manufactured and Sold by a company over the years (Units in lac).

X axis `to` Years

Y axis `to` Units of products.

1. Find the average number of units sold over the years?


2. Find the ratio of difference between the number of units manufactured and sold in year
2008 to the difference between the number of units manufactured and sold in year 2009.
3. Find the ratio of number of units of manufactured in year 2007 to number of units
manufactured in year 2009.
4. What is the approximate per cent increase in number of units sold in year 2010 from
previous year?
5. What is the difference between the number of units manufactured and number of units sold
over the years?
Solution: Study the graph first:

One line is presenting units of manufactured products and other units of sold products.
Manufacture - Sold = Products left

You can also make a table from chart if reading a chart seems difficult to you AS
FOLLOWS:

YEAR
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010

Units
manufactured(M)
4
6
6.5
5
6.5

Units Sold(S)

Difference(M-S)

3
3.5
4.5
2
6

1
2.5
2
3
0.5

I just rewrite the values from chart. If you can easily read the chart that there is no need to

make the table.


Lets start solving the questions.
1. Average number of units sold over the years = `(3+ 3.5+ 4.5+ 2+ 6)/5` = `(19)/5` = `3.8`
lac
2. To find: Ratio of difference between the number of units manufactured and sold in year
2008 to the difference between the number of units manufactured and sold in year 2009.
See the above table: Difference in 2008 = `2`
Difference in 2009 = `3`
Therefore, Ratio will be = `2:3`
3. To find: Ratio of number of units of manufactured in year 2007 to number of units
manufactured in year 2009.
Number of units manufactured in 2007 = `6`
Number of units manufactured in 2009 = `5`
Therefore, Ratio = `6:5`
4.To find: Approximate per cent increase in number of units sold in year 2010 from previous
year
Number of units sold in 2010 = `6`
Number of units sold in 2009 = `2`
per cent increase = `(6-2)/2 times 100` = `200`%
5. To find: Difference between the number of units manufactured and number of units sold
over the years.
Number of units manufactured = `4+ 6+ 6.5+ 5+ 6.5` = `28`
Number of sold = `3+ 3.5+ 4.5+ 2+ 6` = `19`
Difference = `28- 19` = 9 lac.
I hope this article would help you to understand X-Y chart problems of Data Interpretation.

Techniques to solve Data Interpretation: Tables problems


Today I would like to discuss a very known topic Data Interpretation of Quantitative Aptitude
section. Around 3-4 sets of Data Interpretation are asked in almost every exam. As this is a
scoring section, you should practice more to fetch good number of marks.

Steps to solve problems of Data Interpretation: Tables

Tables are the method of systematic presentation of facts and figures in various rows
and columns.
Before start solving the question, always have a first look of how data is presented.
Get a proper understanding of presented data.
Then, start solving the questions using the given data.
If required, add all the values horizontally and vertically first. Then proceed to
questions.

Problems with Solution


Problem1: Study the following table carefully and answer the questions:

SCHOOLS
A
B
C
D
E

I
40
50
35
45
50

II
55
60
50
55
50

STANDARDS
III
45
60
55
45
45

IV
60
45
45
50
60

V
45
55
50
45
50

1. Which school has highest total number of students taking all the standards together?
2. Which standard has lowest total number of students taking all the schools together?
3. What is the ratio of students studying in standard III of schools A and B to those studying
in standard V of schools A and B together?
4. What is the average number of students studying in standard I from all schools together?
5. Number of students studying in standard IV of school E is what percentage of students
studying in standard IV from school D?
Solution: Firstly, take a minute to read the table and analyze it. After reading the
question,You will come to know that you will need the sum of all the rows and columns. So,
before start solving the questions, get a sum of all rows and columns.

SCHOOLS
A
B
C
D
E
Total

I
40
50
35
45
50
220

II
55
60
50
55
50
270

STANDARDS
III
45
60
55
45
45
250

IV
60
45
45
50
60
260

Now, lets start solving the questions


1. Highest total number of students taking all the standards together

V
45
55
50
45
50
245

Total
245
270
235
240
255

Maximum value of last column = 270 i.e. School B


2. Lowest total number of students taking all the schools together
Minimum value of last row = 220 i.e. Standard I
3. Standard III of school A and B : Standard V of school A and B :: (45+60) : (45+55)
105: 95
21: 19
4. Average number of students studying in standard I from all schools together
`(Number of students)/(5)` = `(220)/5` = `44`
5. Let number of students studying in Standard IV from school E = `x` % of number of
students in Standard IV from school D
60 = `x`% of 50
`x` = `(60/50) times (100)` = `150`
Therefore, 150% is the answer.
Problem2: Study the following table carefully to answer the questions

YEAR
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005

ARTS
BOYS
GIRLS
500
400
700
600
600
500
800
600
700
500

STREAM
SCIENCE
BOYS
GIRLS
600
500
700
600
500
500
900
900
800
800

COMMERCE
BOYS
GIRLS
600
600
700
600
800
700
800
800
900
500

1. Number of boys in arts stream in year 2004 is what percentage of total number of boys for
all years together in Arts stream?
2. What is the ratio of total number of boys to the total number of girls, taking all the streams
together, for year `2005`?
3.What is the average number of girls from commerce steam for the given years?
Solution: Study the table first, three streams are mentioned i.e. arts, science and commerce
and the students are divided into girls and boys sections.
1. Number of boys in arts stream in year `2004` = `800`
Total number of boys for all years together in Arts stream= `3300`
`800` = x % of `3300`
`x` = `(800)/(3300) times 100`

`x`= `24.24`
2. Total number of boys for year `2005` : Total number of girls for year `2005`
`700+ 800+900` : `500+ 800+ 500`
`2400`: `1800`
`4`:`3`
3. Average number of girls from commerce steam for the given years
`(600+600+700+800+500)`/`5`
`(3200)/5`
`640`

Method to solve problems related to Bar-Charts.


Today I'm going to discuss a problem related to bar charts in Data interpretation. In almost
every bank exam, one set is always asked from this section in Quantitative aptitude. I'm going
discuss the problem with a same pattern which has already been asked in so many exams.

Steps to solve problems of Data Interpretation: BarCharts

Study the chart first and have an idea about the values presented in the form of barcharts.
To make the problem simple get an idea about the range of values presented in barchart.
If you want to save your time, read the question and just concentrate on bar-chart
itself and do the calculations on it.

Problem1: Study the following graph and answer the questions:

X-axis is represented as different restaurants i.e. P, Q, R, S and T and Y- axis is represented


as consumption of rice, wheat and sugar in kilograms.
1. Find the ratio of amount of rice, wheat and sugar consumed by restaurant Q to the amount
consumed by restaurant T.
2. Find the average amount of rice, wheat and sugar consumed by all restaurants.
3. Rice consumed by restaurant R is what percent of rice consumed by all restaurants?
4. What is the difference between the average amount of wheat and average amount of sugar
consumed by all restaurants together?

Solution: First of all, study the chart and analyze it. You will come to know the following
points:

X-Axis `to` Restaurants (P, Q, R, Sand T)


Y-Axis `to` Amounts in kilograms (Lies between 400-900)
Three bars `to` Rice, Wheat and Sugar

Now, lets start solving the questions:


1. Amount of rice, wheat and sugar consumed by restaurant Q = `600+ 900+ 550`
`2050`
Amount consumed by restaurant T = `700+ 800+ 500`
`2000`
Now, Ratio of both of above value i.e. Q: T
`2050` = `2000`
`41`: `40`
2. To find average amount of rice, wheat and sugar consumed by all restaurants.
Amount of rice, wheat and sugar consumed by restaurant:
P = `800+ 500+ 500`= `1800`
Q = `600+ 900+ 550`= `2050`
R = `500+ 600+ 400`= `1500`
S = `800+ 700+ 600`= `2100`
T = `700+ 800+ 500`= `2000`
Average = `(1800+ 2050+ 1500+ 2100+ 2000)/5`
`(9450)/5`
`1890`
3. Let Rice consumed by restaurant R = `x`% of rice consumed by all restaurants together
Let Rice consumed by restaurant R = A i.e. `500`
rice consumed by all restaurants together= B i.e. `800+ 600+ 500+ 800+ 700` = `3400`
So, A = `x`% of B
`x`= `A/B times 100`
`x`= `(500)/(3400) times 100`
`x` = `14.7`%
4. Difference between the average amount of wheat and average amount of sugar consumed
by all restaurants together.

Average amount of wheat by all restaurants = A =`(500+ 900+ 600+ 700+ 800)/5`
`3500/5`
`700`
Average amount of sugar by all restaurants = B =`(500+ 550+ 400+ 600+ 500)/5`
`2550/5`
`510`
Difference = `A-B` = `700- 510`
`190`kg

Common problem asked in Data Interpretation


Today I'm going to discuss a very important question of Data interpretation. This type of question
has also been asked so many times in Quantitative Aptitude section. Read the question and try to
solve it yourself first.
Problem: Study the graph and try to answer the questions.

Total candidates appeared = `2` lakh


Table: State-wise percentage and ratio of Male and Female Qualified candidates

State

Per cent Qualified

Ratio of qualified candidates


Male

Female

50

60

55

45

65

55

50

1. Find total number of females qualified from states C and D together.


2. Find number of male candidates qualified from state B.
3. Which of the following pair of states have equal number of qualified male candidates?
a) C,G b) B,F c) C,E d) None of these.
4. What is the total number of candidates qualified from states F and G together?
Solution: Total number of candidates = 2 lakh
Study the above chart and table first and calculate the things you require to solve the questions just
as follows:

States

%age Of
Candidates(from
pie chart)

Number of
candidates

Qualified
Candidates

Male:
Female

Male

Female

(2lakh*percentage)

14

28,000

14,000(50%)

4:3

8,000

6,000

19

38,000

22,800(60%)

6:2

17,100

5,700

10,000

55,000(55%)

3:2

33,000

22,000

21

42,000

18,900(45%)

2:1

12,600

6,300

13

36,000

23,400(65%)

5:4

13,000

10,400

20

40,000

22,000(55%)

6:5

12,000

10,000

16,000

8,000(50%)

2:6

2,000

6,000

For A = Candidate appeared = `14`% of `2,00,000` = `28,000`


Out of `28,000` `50`% qualifies the exam = `50`% of `28,000` = `14,000`
Now, ratio of male and female = `4`:`3`
Therefore, number of males qualified = `(14,000) times 4/7` =` 8,000`
Number of females qualified = `14,000` - `8,000` = `6,000`
Similarly I calculate for others. Now using this table, we can easily answer the questions

1. Total number of females qualified from states C and D together = `22000 + 6300`
`28,300`
2. Number of male candidates qualified from state B = `17100`
3. No two states have equal number of qualified male candidates.
4. Total number of candidates qualified from states F and G together = `22,000` + `8000`
`30,000`