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Tool Steel Alloy

Model NO.: Cr12MoV / D2 / SKD11 / X165CrMoV12 (1.2601) / BD2


Product Name: Cr12MOV alloy tool steel

Detailed description:
Alloy tool steel: Cr12MOV
Standard: GB / T 1299-2000

Features and application:


Cold-working die steel, steel hardenability, quenching and tempering the hardness, wear resistance and
strength than that of high Cr12. Cross section used in the manufacture large, complex shape, working
under arduous conditions, with a variety of Die and tools, such as die punching, trimming mold, piping die,
deep drawing steel mold, circular saws, standards, tools and gauges, thread rolling die and so on.

Chemical Composition:
C: 1.45 ~ 1.70, Si: 0.40, Mn: 0.40, S: 0.030, P: 0.030, Cr: 11.00 ~ 12.50, Mo: 0.40 ~ 0.60
Ni: To allow the residual content of 0.25, Cu: To allow the residual content of 0.30, V: 0.15 ~ 0.30

Mechanical Properties:
Hardness: Annealing, 255 ~ 207HB, indentation diameter of 3.8 ~ 4.2mm; Quenching, 58HRC
Heat treatment parameters and microstructure:
Heat treatment specifications: 1) quenching, 950 ~ 1000? C oil-coolin? Cg; 2) quenching 1020, 200C tempered 2h.
Microstructure: Fine granular Zhu body + carbide.

===============================================================

Name: SKD11/1.2601/Cr12MoV/mold steel forged plate material


Chemical Composition%
Standard Steel Grade C

Si

Mn

Cr

Mo

DIN

1.2601

1.551.75

0.25- 0.2011.0- 0.50- 0.100.030 0.030


0.40 0.40
12.0 0.70 0.50

0.400.60

ASTM

GB

Cr12MoV

1.451.70

0.40 0.40 0.030 0.030

11.00- 0.40- 0.1512.50 0.60 0.30

Specification
Forged round bar50~280

2000~6000

Rolled round bar10~80

2000~6000

Thickness(mm)

Width(mm)

Length(mm)

Forged plate20~300

50~710

2000~6000

Rolled plate10~65

155~610

2000~6000

Round Bar

Flat bar

Characteristics
1. With good hardenability, is able to be full hardened when the diameter of cross section is under 300-400mm.
2. It can still maintain good hardness and abrasion resistance at the temperature ranging from 300 to 400.
3. Its toughness is better than that of Cr12.
4. Its volume changes the least in the course of quenching.

Application
Used to manufacturing all kinds of moulds and tools with comparatively larger cross sections
and complex shapes, which can bear heavy shock loads. Complex-shaped piercing dies, panel
boards in the complex die mould, deep-drawing dies for steel plates, wire-drawing dies,
threading screw plates, cold-extruding dies, cold-cutting scissors, circular saws, standard tools,
measuring tools, etc.

Delivery Condition: Annealed, hardness255HB


Heat treatment
Isothermal annealing after forging:85087034h,furnace
cooling30/h; 74076045h, furnace cooling30/h500600Air
cooling.hardness255HB.

Quenching Process
Firsttime
preheat

550600

Secondtime
preheat

840860

Quenching
temperature

Cooling

Hardness
HRC

Medium

Medium
temperature

Cooling
through
medium

Afterwards

950-1000

Oil

20-60

up to oil
Temperature

Air cooling

1020-1040

Oil

20-60

up to oil
temperature

62-63

1020-1040

melting
nitrate

400-550

5-10min

62-63

1115-1130

Oil

20-60

up to oil
temperature

42-50

1115-1130

melting
nitrate

400-450

5-10min

42-50

58-62

Tempering Process
Purpose

Heating temperature

Medium

Hardness HRC

Elimination of stress

150-170

Oil or nitrate

61-63

Elimination of stress
and decrease of
hardness

200-275

--

57-59

Elimination of stress
and decrease of
hardness

400-425

--

55-57

Steel C45 (Mat. No. 1.0503, DIN C45, AISI 1045)


Designation by Standards
Brand Name

Ravne No.

Mat. No.

DIN

EN

AISI

C45

516

1.0503

C45

1045

Chemical Composition (in weight %)


C

Si

Mn

Cr

Mo

Ni

VW

Others

0.46

max.
0.40

0.65

max.
0.40

max.
0.10

max.
0.40

- -

(Cr+Mo+Ni)= max.
0.63

Description: C45 is a medium carbon steel is used when greater strength and hardness is desired
than in the "as rolled" condition. Extreme size accuracy, straightness and concentricity combine to
minimize wear in high speed applications. Turned, ground and polished.

Applications: Quenched and subsequently tempered steel for screws, forgings, wheel tyres, shafts,
sickles, axes, knives, wood working drills, hammers, etc.
Physical properties (average values) at ambient temperature
3
2
Modulus of elasticity [10 x N/mm ]: 205
3
Density [g/cm ]: 7.85
Specific heat capacity [J/g.K]: 0.48
-6 o -1
Coefficient of Linear Thermal Expansion 10 C
o

20-100 C

20-250 C

20-500 C

11.5

13.0

14.0

Soft Annealing: Heat to 680-710 C, cool slowly in furnace. This will produce a maximum Brinell
hardness of 207.
o
Normalizing: Normalizing temperature: 840-880 C/air.

Hardening: Harden from a temperature of 820-860 C followed by water or oil quenching.


o
Tempering: Tempering temperature: 550-660 C/air.
o

Forging: Hot forming temperature: 1050-850 C.


Mechanical Properties in Quenched + Tempered Condition

Diameter Thickness t
d (mm)
(mm)

0.2 % proof
stress
2
(N/mm )

Tensile
strength
2
(N/mm )

Elongation
A5 (%)

Reduction
Z (%)

<16

<8

min. 490

700-850

min. 14

min. 35

<17-40

<8<=20

min. 430

650-800

min. 16

min. 40

<41-100

<20<=60

min. 370

630-780

min. 17

min. 45

Mechanical Properties in Normalized Condition


Diameter d
(mm)

Thickness t
(mm)

0.2 % proof
2
stress (N/mm )

Tensile
strength
2
(N/mm )

Elongation A5
(%)

<16

<16

min. 390

min. 620

min. 14

<17-100

<16<=100

min. 305

min. 305

min. 16

<101-250

<100<250

min. 275

min. 560

min. 16

Diagram Tempering Temperature - Mechanical Properties

Bearing Material
Oct 13, 2008 9:07:11 AM
High carbon chrome bearing steel (Gcr15) is the standard material for
bearing rings & rolling elements, also carbon steel & stainless steel will
be used upon request. The chemical composition of Gcr15 is listed in
the below table.

CHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF BEARING STEEL


Steel No. Symbol
Gcr15

AISI
52100

C
0.951.05

Chemical Composition (Wt%)


Cr
Si
Mn
P
S
1.300.150.2<0.027 <0.02
1.65
0.35
0.4

THE CONTRAST OF GCR15 OF EACH COUNTRY


China
GB
Gcr15

ISO
683/xv11

USA
AISI
52100

Japan
JIS
SUJ2

Germany
DIN
100Cr6

France
NF
100C6

Sweden
SKF3

CAGES
In general, HF or CRC cages are pressed steel ribbon cages & pressed
steel snap cages. For extra-high speed application, synthetic-resin,
stainless steel, nylons will be used upon request.
SHIELDS & SEALS
SPCC is the main material for HF or CRC shields, and carbon steel & stainless steel
can be used upon request.
Buna Nitrile is standard sealing material we use, while fluorocabon, silicone, and teflon
seals are commonly specified for high temperatures.

LUBRICATION
Different types of greases can be supplied for shielded & sealed
bearings and oil for open bearings.
Details pls refer to PAGE15 for more reference.

Gcr15/52100/100cr6 Alloy Steel, Mould Steel, Bearing Steel


1. Material: AISI E52100
2. Chemical component of bearing steel (% for reference only):

C: 0.95-1.10; Si: 0.15-0.35; Mn 0.50; P 0.025; S 0.025; Cr: 1.30-1.60


3. Grade name of bearing steel: G5, G10,
4. Diameter 2.0mm, 2.381mm, 3.175mm, 3.969mm, 4.763mm, 5.953mm, 6.35mm
5. HRC of bearing steel: 62-66
6. Applied Area of bearing steel: Gcr15 bearing steel ball is widely used in high-speed and low-noise
bearing, bicycle, motorcycle, automobile, bags, electronical industry. The bearing steel ball can be used
for grinding other medium.