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Bench,SM Blatantly Transgress WOMENS Rights

A female model walk on fours, as actor Coco Martin holds her on a leash, as if she was his pet.
Two male actors look on, as two scantily clad women, passionately kiss on stage. These are but
some of the scenes brought to you by Benchs The Naked Truth Fashion Show.
On the other hand, Its Not Rape, Its A Snuggle With A Struggle are the words printed on Tshirts sold in the boys section of the SM Mall Department Store, the largest mall chain in the country
owned by the richest man in the land. These two incidents have sparked a prairie fire of indignation
against SM and Bench for perpetuating violence against women and children.
Apparently, the acts by Bench and SM Shoemart Inc. reinforce the feudal patriarchal culture of
the Philippine society that treats women as sex objects and private properties, not as humans.
In 2013, the Philippine National Police women and Children Protection Centre released alarming
data that reported incident of rape every 96 minutes in our country. In name of profit, women are
portrayed as sex objects. Because of this disturbing notion, representatives from a womens party-list
are to file a resolution in the House of Representatives to condemn the sale of a t-shirt allegedly
promoting rape in a giant shopping mall chain and the said Bench fashion show. These are
representatives Luzviminda Luz Ilagan and Emerenciana Emmi De Jesus of the Gabriela Womens
Party-list urging the House Committee on Women and Gender Equality and the Committee on the
Welfare of Children to jointly investigate current government programs and agencies that monitor and
enforce violations of laws that protect women and children committed by private parties such as
shopping malls and event organizers. In addition to that, former Gabriela Women's Party
Representative, Liza L. Maza said that they will not allow dehumanizing treatment of women in
exchange for corporate profit and set back some of the victories they have achieved in the long struggle
for the recognition of womens rights.

But while Bench and SM may have issued apologies, with SM promising to withdraw the controversial
from their stocks, the fight against the oppression of women is far from over. Clearly, to apologize for
this as art or to defend this in the name of the freedom of expression or sexual liberation is to
legitimize the realities of violence and gender oppression that Filipina women go through every day.

Ten (10) Important Things You Should Remember About RA 9262 *

signed on March 8, 2004 and took effect last March 27, 2004
RA 9262 is a law that protects the rights of women & their children & also eliminates violence as its
usually children and women are likely the victims due to unequal power .relations
1. What is VAWC?
Violence Against Women and their Children (VAWC) is defined as:

Any act or a series of acts committed by any person against a woman who is his wife, former wife.

Against a woman with whom the person has or had a sexual or dating relationship, or with whom
he has common child,

Against her child whether legitimate or illegitimate,

within or without the family abode,

which result in or is likely to result in physical, sexual, psychological harm or suffering, or economic
abuse including threats of such acts battering, assault, coercion, harassment or arbitrary deprivation of
2. Who are considered CHILDREN?
Anyone below 18 years of age, or older but incapable of taking care themselves, including the biological
children of the victim and other children under her care.
3. What are the FOUR (4) ACTS that constitute VAWC ?
A.) Physical violence bodily harm or physical harm.
B.) Sexual violence is an act, which is sexual in nature such as rape, sexual harassment.
C.) Psychological violence is an act that causes mental or emotional suffering to the victim such as
intimidation stalking, marital infidelity.
D.) Economic violence is acts that make the woman financially dependent, such as withdrawal on
financial support, destroying household property.
4. What are the rights of Victim Survivor?

To be treated with respect and dignity

To confidentiality
To avail of legal assistance from the PAO or any public legal assistance
To be entitled to support services from the DSWD and LGUs
To be entitled to all legal remedies and support provided by the Family Code; T
To avail up to 10 days of leave of absence in addition to other paid leaves
To be informed of their rights and the services available to them, including their right to apply
for a protection order.

Violation of confidentiality shall have a penalty of one-year imprisonment and a fine of not more than
500,000 pesos
5. What are the 3 types of Protection Orders?
Barangay Protection Order (BPO) is issued by Punong Barangay / Kagawad; effective for 15 days
Temporary Protection Order (TPO) refers to the protection order issued by the Court on the date of
filing after exparte determination that such order should be issued; effective for 30 days and renewable
/ extendable.
Permanent Protection Order (PPO) refers to protection order issued by court after notice and proper
5. What is the purpose of Protection Orders ?

to prevent further acts of violence against a woman or her child

safeguards the victim from further harm
minimizes any disruption in the victims daily life
facilitates the opportunity and ability of control over her life

6. What are the Mandatory Services for victims-survivors?

temporary shelter
psycho-social services and or recovery and rehabilitation programs
livelihood assistance;
medical assistance

Rehabilitative counseling and treatment to perpetrators for them to learn constructive ways of coping
with anger and emotional outburst and reform their ways (Secs. 40 & 41)
7. What are the PENALTIES for VAWC?

Imprisonment based on the provisions of the Revised Penal Code

Fine ranging from 100,000.00 to 300,000.00
Mandatory psychological counseling or psychiatric treatment for perpetrators

9. Immunity from Suit

Any person, whether a private individual, a public officer, or a government official /worker, who, in
accordance with law, intervenes without using violence or restraint greater than necessary to ensure the
safety of the victim, is not liable for any criminal, civil or administrative accountability (Secs. 43 & 43)
It is defined as pattern of psychological and behavioral symptoms found in women living in battering
relationships as a result of cumulative abuse (Sec. 3 & 5)

Used as a justifying circumstances

No criminal or civil liability

Should be determined through the assistance of psychiatrists / psychologists (Secs. 26 & 32)


Provides for a prescriptive period from 10-20 years (Secs. 24 & 9)

Defines VAWC as public crime (Sec. 25)
Custody of minor children should be given to the woman even if she is suffering from Battered
Woman Syndrome (Secs. 28 & 6)

Prepared by Paulina Lawsin-Nayra for the Kananga Womens Assembly on November 20, 2012 in
Kananga, Leyte.


There are two rights that an individual, whether a man or a woman, is due to possess. They are
the inherent rights and the prescribed rights. To differentiate the two, inherent rights are those rights
that individuals have since they were born in a particular country while the prescribed rights are those
rights guaranteed to an individual by established statute that a society may have. One of the most basic
human rights that can claim as being both inherent and prescribed is ones right to good health. Thus,
the right to health encompasses medical care as its most basic constituent. Also, with the right to health
is the right to be well in terms of health and this is made complicated among women as they have their
special needs. Nevertheless, women play an important role in any civilized society considering the

proven contributions that they can do for their communities. To this, it is only right for any government
to take care of them especially when it pertains to their health and their well-being. The government of
the Republic of the Philippine through the Senate and the House of Representatives took a bold step
when it passed the Reproductive Health Law despite oppositions from concerned sectors. The legislators
then deemed that the law was necessary to guarantee the health of the women through focusing on
their reproductive system.

The main objective of the Philippine Reproductive Health (RH) or the Responsible Parenthood
and Reproductive Health Act is to promote and protect the right of women to health and healthy
lifestyle. This may be confusing as the law is known to promote the use of contraceptives and abortion,
which at that time became the most contested issue against the enactment and implementation of the
Reproductive Health Bill as a law. However, on the medical perspective, the purpose of the bill can make
sense as it warrants the reproductive well-being of any Filipina. This is because medical studies found
out that any women who bear a child in excessive number or without proper gap or spacing can cause
abnormalities to the child and anomalies on the reproductive system of a woman. This is the main
reason why the state promotes the use of contraceptives and perhaps abortion in extreme necessity just
to protect the health of Filipinas. Another provision in the law that can promote the right of Filipina to
health is their access to cost-efficient and affordable health remedies particularly if it pertains to their
reproductive health. This provision can be an important thing in the promotion of womens rights
especially if the kind of medical care in the Philippines will be considered. Thus, it can be considered that
medical care in the Philippines is very much focused on the health of the children and of the old people.
This is why we have the Infant Screening Law and the Senior Citizens Act. Thus, it makes the Responsible
Parenthood and Reproductive Health Act an important piece of law as it guarantees the health and wellbeing of the Filipinas.

The Millennium Development Goal (MDG) of the Republic of the Philippines dictates that the
government should integrate policies and procedures aimed at protecting the rights of the women. This
is in consideration with the reality that women are an important part of the Philippine society. Thus, the
formulation and the implementation of the Responsible Parenthood and Reproductive Health Act can be
considered as an important step for the Philippines to attain its MDG.


The United Nations (UN) Convention on the Rights of Women promotes the principle that men
and women are equal in everything. Thus, it is a generally acceptable principle that violence and all kinds
of atrocities towards a human being is in itself a violation of his or her human rights. It is also a principle
adhered with by any civilized society that women should be regarded with respect no matter who and
what they are in a particular society no matter what her career or what prejudice a woman may have. In
the Philippines, due respect is given to women from their ladyhood or in times when they grow into
mature ladies up to time when they get married. As a form of respect, the Philippine society even
branded mothers as the Ilaw ng Tahanan. But in the real sense of words and considering the number
of crimes involving women as well as children, the Philippine society is still far from what it dreams of
for its women. Maybe that is true in the 80s and the 90s. This is because of the Anti-Violence Against
Women and Their Children Act of 2004," (R.A. 9262), which is enacted by the Philippine legislature to
enshrine the protection that the government is due to provide for women and children.

Part of the human rights of every person whether a man or a woman is for an individual to live
peacefully and unharmed. This is precisely the principle behind the enactment of RA9262 and in so
doing, the law also seeks to protect the family, which under the 1987 Philippine Constitution, is
regarded as the basic unit of the family. The enactment of the said legislature is also in consonance with
the Universal of Declaration of Human Rights by the United Nations (UN) and other treatises and
international conventions to which the Republic of the Philippine is a party. The piece of legislation has
everything necessary for women as well as children to live normally and living in such state would
always mean for them to live peacefully and unharmed. From the mechanics by which a case can be
filed by women against their assailants, all is provided for in RA9262. The law also provides a special
mode of handling cases and situation involving women as well as children and in processing their
complaints through the establishment of the Womens Desk in any police precinct. This should be
treated as the move of the government towards protecting the women against gender discrimination
considering that majority of the policemen are male. Nevertheless, Republic Act 9262 or the AntiViolence Against Women and Their Children Act of 2004 assure that women as well as children alike
would have equal rights and opportunities similar to that of the male particularly concerning violence
and any other form of atrocities.

The Philippines is always and will always be a modern society. As such, the government of the
Republic of the Philippines seeks to improve the quality of life of everyone living under its sovereignty
and under its one flag. The enactment of the Anti-Violence Against Women and Their Children Act of
2004 or RA 9262 is an evidence that the state aims nothing but for the undoubted welfare of the women
as well as the children.

Intimate Partner Violence

Myth vs. Fact
Myth #
Intimate partner violence is rare.
Intimate partner violence is extremely common. According to the Department of Justice,
approximately one in every four women and one in every fourteen men has been physically or
sexually abused during adulthood by her partner. Over 2 million people are rap
ed and/or
physically assaulted by their partner every year.
Myth #2:
Intimate partner violence occurs only in poor, poorly educated, minority, or
"dysfunctional" families. It could never happen to anyone I know.
Intimate partner violence affects pe
ople of all races, from all cultures, countries, religions,
and socioeconomic backgrounds. Perpetrators of intimate partner violence include doctors,
ministers, police officers, and business executives. You are more likely to be assaulted by an
intimate pa

rtner than by a stranger.

Myth #3:
The problem is not really abuse of women, it is spousal abuse. Women are just
as violent as men.
Intimate partner violence is primarily a crime against women; however, men can be abused
as well. In a survey done i
n 2000, women accounted for 78% of the victims of intimate partner
violence and men accounted for 22%. Gay men, lesbians, bisexual and transgender persons are
just as likely as heterosexual women to be abused by their partner. Violence is inacceptable in
elationships of any kind.
Myth #4:
Intimate partner violence only happens among younger/older people.
Intimate partner violence affects people of all ages. Women age 16 to 24 experience the
highest rate of intimate partner violence; approximately o
ne in four adolescents reports being
verbally, physically, and/or sexually abused by a dating partner. Nearly 6% of couples 60 and
older experienced physical violence in their relationship within the past year, and of these, 40%
reported the first violent
incident occurred at least 25 years ago.
Myth #5:
When there is violence in the family, all members of the family are participating
in the dynamic. Everyone must change for the violence to stop.

Only the perpetrator has the ability to stop the viol
ence. Many women who are battered
make many attempts to change their behavior in the hope that it will stop the abuse. This does
not work. Changes in the family members' behaviors will not cause or influence the batterer to be
Myth #6:
te partner violence is just an occasional push, slap, or punch. It doesn't
produce serious injuries.
Intimate partner violence comes in various forms, all of which are incredibly serious and
can be life-threatening. On average, more than three women
are murdered by their husbands or
boyfriends in this country every day. In 2005, 1,510 people were killed by an intimate partner.
Of these deaths, 78% were female and 22% were male.
Myth #7:
Intimate partner violence is usually a one time event, an isolat
ed incident, or a
momentary loss of temper.

Once violence begins in a relationship, it escalates and becomes more frequent and severe
over a period of time. Battering is not just one physical attack. It is a number of tactics including
intimidation, threats, economic deprivation, physical, psycholog

ical, and sexual abuse, etc. used

repeatedly. 65% of women physically assaulted by an intimate partner report having been
assaulted multiple times by the same partner.
Myth #8:
Batterers are crazy.
An extremely small percentage of batterers are ment
ally ill. The vast majority are often
perceived as charming, persuasive, and rational. The major difference between them and others
is that they use force and intimidation to control their partners.
Myth #9:
It is easy for victims of intimate partner viol
ence to leave their abusers.
Victims of domestic violence are often prevented from getting or keeping jobs by their
abusers, and many victims who leave their abusers face poverty, unemployment, and
homelessness as a result of leaving.
Myth #10:
Intimate Partner Violence is the victims fault. If they stopped provoking their
partner, then the violence would stop.
No one deserves or asks to be abused, for any reason. Nothing a victim does ever justifies
the use of violence, threats, control
, or intimidation

RH is a sin (?)
By Danica Barcebal

Well, is it really?
I have been a member of the Roman Catholic Church as long as I can remember. I still am. I have
chosen to continue to be one.
I am (was) also a healthcare professional. I gained a lot of interest in Reproductive Health and
Contraceptives when I was still a sapling in Nursing School. I saw the pros and cons of the different
methods of contraception and it made me wonder, if these wonders should be considered immoral,
wicked or lewd.
The Church sees the Reproductive Health Law as such and I still cannot fathom that such
marvelous legislation is being questioned and is being considered as morally wrong. I am not trying to be
against the Church, who I so love, but I am quite ambivalent in connection to this issue.
In a recent interview with a Senior Vatican Prelate, he said Well, the Church is not against birth
control at all. Its about the methods of birth control. I do not want to enter into this characteristic, how
they have to do it. Its their personal conscience and their personal responsibility.
To simplify, the Church approves natural birth control but not the artificial method.
The Catholic Church believes that the artificial method is decadent. That the use of such method
can hinder the plan of God to bring new life into the world and may frustrate His divine plan The church
believes that condom, IUD, pills and other methods of non-natural birth control, act as a barrier to bring
another human being to life and an obstacle to prevent what God plans or intends to happen.
The Bible has only condemned one form of contraception, and that is coitus interruptus or
withdrawal method. The method was damned in the story of Onan to avoid his duty to father the
children of his dead brother. The story can be found in the book of Genesis. And thats it. No other
artificial method of contraception was mentioned or rebuked in the Bible.
Several Encyclicals or writings of the past Popes have reviled contraception. The church has
affirmed that their views regarding contraception is want of error. It is infallible.
But, is it really Gods plan to bring another human being to life? Is it really a sin to use condom
because it will prevent another creation to have an earthly existence?
What if God really plans not to send another creation to this planet and He really intends that
those creations, currently living, experience heaven on earth by making them able to afford food, to eat

three times a day, to have the funds for education, to be an erudite, to meet the expense of decent
clothing and shelter, to have a respectable life?
It is true that Man does not live by bread alone, but from every word that comes from the word
of God. But he needs bread (rice for us Asians) to continue living here and continue to have an earthly
experience, because on the first place, God intended for his creation to be sent here, to be here, to
survive here and for man to enjoy His other creations.
Philippines is the 12th most populated country in the world, next to Mexico and Ethiopia. There
are more than 100,000,000 (1 million) Filipinos, and I wonder how can all of us fit in a tiny archipelago
with a land area smaller than Californnia. I know that not all Filipinos are all under the same map, but
there are already quite a lot of us.
In a family of 7, there are 5 children. How can a mother tolerate the cries of her children whose
stomachs are grumbling for being unable to eat anything for the past 24 hours? How can she bear to see
her children wear tattered garments that have been handed down to them by strangers? How can she
swallow the fact that only 1 out of her 5 children can go to school? How can she put up with the reality
that they are cramped in tiny space? How can she endure the fact that she is unable to give her children
a dashing future, if all she has to worry from her day to day existence is to how to feed each of their
Thinking all these, feeling all of these, experiencing all of these. Can these be not considered as
torture to her or as violence to her, emotionally and mentally? That if she had knowledge of the
methods, she could have had planned her family well.
I believe that if the mother has planned her family, she will not suffer seeing her children with
empty stomach, unable to go to school, wear ripped clothes and live in a matchbox like house that they
cannot even call home.
How can a legislation be called immoral, wicked or lewd if its primal purpose is to promote the
life of women and her family? The RH law calls for a change in the thinking that it is merrier if there is
A family cannot be joyous if their stomachs are empty.
I do not see any evil or sin in the objective of the law to allow couples to determine and plan
how many children they want to be brought in this world. Who they believe they can manage, care,
nurture, provide necessities, give a bright future and to confer love.
I believe that it is not Gods plan to send and send as many of His creations to this planet and
allow them to suffer. I think that it is his plan for His creation to be in a well planned family, who can
give him the love that he deserves.
Now, that is what I reckon not to be a sin.
SPOTLIGHT: The Conception of Reproductive Health Law

(What it is and what it is not)

The history of reproductive health in the Philippines dates back to 1967 when leaders of 12 countries
including Former President Ferdinand Marcos signed the Declaration on Population. The Philippines
agreed that the population problem should be considered as the principal element for long-term
economic development. The paramount consideration of which was to control the rapid population
growth through the promotion of contraception which they deem to be inimical to the sociopolitical,
economic growth and to the countrys national interests. The Philippine Population Commission was
then created to encourage a lower normative standard in terms of family size, and to provide
information on reproductive health services and options.
Consequently, in order to uphold the ideals of the international bodies, preliminary steps were
formulated by the past administrations. Former President Ferdinand Marcos pushed for a systematic
distribution of contraceptives all over the country, a policy that was called "coercive", by its leading
administrator. The Aquino administration focused on giving couples the right to have the number of
children they prefer, while the Ramos administration shifted from population control to population
management. Estradas administration on the other hand used mixed methods of reducing fertility
rates, while Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo focused on mainstreaming natural family planning.
However, notwithstanding the efforts of various groups and the former Presidents to put up a
barrier to the growing number of families and health care issues, it remained inadequate. Philippines is
still bombarded with the same situation up to the present. The poor women, adolescent women, rural
and indigenous women are the ones most affected by the lack of reproductive health care policy. They
are the ones who have the most unintended and closely-spaced pregnancies. Their births are commonly
unattended by trained health professionals. They are unable to buy and receive contraceptives, prenatal and post-natal checkups because they have to tend to the needs of their family at home. These
problems remained unsettled until finally it triggered some legislators through the initiative of Cong.
Edel Lagman to put up a defined basis for the recognition of reproductive health care policy which was
House Bill 4244, An Act Providing for a Comprehensive Policy on Responsible Parenthood, Reproductive
Health, and Population and Development, and for Other Purposes.
The commencement of the reading of the bill however caught the attention of the public, especially the
Catholic Church. Strong oppositions were thrown at the drafters of the bill on the ground that such was
a blatant disrespect to the rights of couples and the scriptures. Nevertheless, despite a year of
contentious battle, sizzling debates and indignation rallies, the Bill stood the test of public scrutiny,
thereby Reproductive Health Law of 2012 otherwise known as the RH law (Republic Act No. 10354),was
conceived and came into force when the Supreme Court declared its constitutionality, striking down
eight (8) provisions either partially or totally.
Now, the question is... What is Reproductive Health law? Would it really benefit Filipinos?
Yes! RH LAW deserves a feisty conviction.

The Responsible Parenthood and Reproductive Health Act of 2012 (RA No. 10354), informally known as
the Reproductive Health Law or RH Law, is a law which guarantees universal access to methods
of contraception, fertility control, sexual education, and maternal care. It promotes information on and
access to both natural and modern family planning methods, which are medically safe and legally
permissible. Implicit in this, are the right to appropriate health-care services that enable women to
safely go through pregnancy and childbirth. It respects religious conviction; it does not force
reproductive practice or behavior on any one against religious conviction.
Further, it covers a wide range of health-related issues affecting women, and thereby directly affecting
all Filipino families. It directly intends to control the population of the country through aggressive
information dissemination especially to the poorest sector on responsible family planning methods.
Through education, the law proposes the improvement of womens overall health by lowering the risk
of complications from childbirth, infertility, and decreased exposure to abuse and sexually transmitted
Sec. 3 (e) on the mandate of the government to provide information and access without
bias ,all effective natural and modern methods that are medically safe and legal for the
poor and marginalized
Sec. 3 (j) Although abortion is recognized as illegal and punishable by law, the law states
that the government shall ensure that all women needing care for post-abortion
complications shall be treated and counseled in a humane, non-judgmental and
compassionate manner.
Sec. 5. Hiring of Skilled Health Professionals for Maternal Health Care and Skilled Birth
Sec. 6 Health care facilities.
Sec. 9 on the Philippine National Drug Formulary which shall include hormonal
contraceptives, intrauterine devices, injectables and other safe, legal, non-abortifacient
and effective family product and supplies as determined by Food and Drug
Administration (FDA).
Sec. 10 on the procurement and distribution of family planning supplies by the
Department of Health (DOH) for distribution to local government units.
Sec. 14 on the provision on age- and development-appropriate reproductive health
education to adolescents in all schools.
Sec. 16 on assistance, monitor, and seminars to be conducted by BHWs through the aid
of LGUs and DOH.
Sec. 20 on public awareness and nationwide multimedia campaign for the protection
and promotion of reproductive health and rights.
To end this, it is also a must to clarify to the entire citizenry that RH Law, as how majority
perceives it, does not legalize abortion. It is not about pills and condoms. It is not about safe sex

and zero pregnancy. It is for the availability of choice for the Filipino couple. It is about pro-life, prowomen, and pro quality of life.


Reproductive health status of pregnant women particularly in rural areas has been largely
neglected over a long period of time. They are given little attention due to their seclusion and proximity
from the main land which makes it harder for them to be reached and vice versa. Illiteracy, extreme
poverty, lack of appropriate care during pregnancy and inadequate services for detecting and managing
complications is also attributive of this problem. Needless to say, it is also the lack of facilities and
medical attendants which highly contributes to the vulnerability of these women.
As compared to women in urban areas, women in rural areas were much less likely to receive medical
care. The access and utilization of antenatal, pre-natal and post-natal care services places the women in
rural areas in a very disadvantaged position resulting to higher maternal mortality rate than maternal
morbidity. This is so frustrating that mothers die; infants die because of the above factors and that, they
cannot afford to pay for medical expenses.
In San Miguel Island, Tabaco, Albay, according to our interview with Nicanor Berces, the San Miguel
Lying-in Clinics midwife, many still prefer home delivery or the Hilot tradition despite of its
prohibition. It remained rampant since it is cheaper. The main problem posed why home delivery is still
embraced by most is having in hand money considering that the only source of living in the island is
fishing and that the family earnings is only good for their daily expenses. Another contributing factor
why it is availed of is distance and transportation problems that further exacerbate the situation of
women. Most road networks are poorly constructed with gullies and pot holes making it rugged and
bumpy which makes travelling to health facilities a night-mare especially if one is pregnant. Habal-habal
are the cheapest means of transportation since they may easily penetrate through the narrow paths,
however such is not safe. Thus, based on these scenarios and our observation in said island, it explains
why health conditions of women in rural areas are neglected.
Based on the data showed by the health personnel of the lying-in clinic, home delivery posed higher
maternal deaths than in hospital delivery. Despite of their efforts to persuade families to avail of their
services, still it is ignored considering that majority of whom were uneducated. Thus, to lessen these
incidents the clinic, LGUs and Barangay Health Workers (BHWs) put forth to implement and disseminate
the newly passed law which is the Reproductive Health law (RA No. 10354).
In compliance with Sec. 5 and Sec. 6 of said law, the lying-in clinic is attended by a professional Doctor,
the islands skilled midwives and nurses from the mainland. Their facilities are readily accessible and the
delivery rooms and rooms for the patients are highly commendable. Further, the personnel gives free
contraceptives to couple and other services and does not impose fixed charges during check-ups and
deliveries since their main consideration is the health of each patients. They accept any amount and
even permit free delivery if it is ascertained that the family is marginalized.

In addition, Sec. 16 mandates the capacity building of Barangay Health Workers (BHWs). To make this
possible, the LGUs through the assistance of DOH trains Barangay Health Workers or BHWs on the
promotion of reproductive health. BHWs visits pregnant women in their home to monitor their health
and advises them to be admitted in the clinic at the earliest opportunity if they are going to deliver the
baby to avoid any problem taking into account the distance and the possibility of home delivery.
Lastly, Sec. 20 mandates public awareness where the DOH and the LGUs shall initiate and sustain a
heightened nationwide multimedia-campaign to raise the level of public awareness on the protection
and promotion of reproductive health and rights. Thus, BWHs conducts seminar on the promotion of
family planning.
The personnel in San Miguel Lying-in clinic are positive that in the succeeding years, through proper
education, on-going seminars and in compliance with RH Law, every women and family especially in
rural areas will be given the desired attention, incidents of poor reproductive health care will be
eradicated and the same access of health care will be afforded to them.
Through RH law equality of reproductive health among women in rural and urban areas will be achieved.

The Law on Violence against Women and their Children which was enacted in 2004 was a legal remedy
to provide protective measures for victims of violence and it is a law that protects the rights of women
and their children. In line with this, the Women and Children Protection Desk of the Philippine National
Police was created to act as a response team to reports or complaints on violence towards women and
children. The WCPD acts on complaints, they assists the victim in filing the appropriate case and makes
follow-ups on cases they file. They also assist and coordinates with the City Social Welfare and
Development Office in dealing with reported cases of abuses.
VAWC defines four (4) acts which constitutes Violence against Women and their Children. First, Physical
Violence which is inflicted to the victim through bodily harm or physical harm. Second is called Sexual
Violence, which is done through Rape or Sexual Assault. Third is Psychological Violence which is done by
causing mental or emotional suffering to the victim such as intimidation, stalking or marital infidelity.
And fourth is called Economic Violence, which are acts that make the woman financially dependent,
such as withdrawal on financial support and/or destroying household property.
Our interview with the WCPD Head of PNP Tabaco where we focused our study would show us that
violence against women and children is wide spread and is likely to happen in all women, although,
according to the WCPD head not all cases are being reported to them, especially when it comes with
sexual abuse. The reason for this,according to them, is the nature of silence among victims, wherein
they fear humiliation and public ridicule. According to a survey, women who suffered sexual violence is
likely to engage in prostitution or would become sexually addict. This psychological study showed the
reason why some teens becomes flirtatious as they age.

Among the four acts which constitute violence, Emotional abuse is on top of it all. This is also the most
common type of spousal violence. Next in line is physical abuse and the least reported is economic
abuse. Sexual abuse is not a big issue when it comes to violence which transpired during marital
relations or with
Common-law spouses as it is just normal for spouses to engage in sexual congress, although, the
Supreme Court has also made a ruling about marital rape. In an interview with PO3 Suellen Ditalo of
WCPD-Tabaco, what usually happens is that they just receive reports from victims that they have been
abused but these victims would often regret filing the appropriate charges.
Data from their Office showed that from year 2010 up to the mid year of 2014, there is a total number
of 713 reported cases of violation on the VAWC law. Out of this 713 cases, 47 of which was successfully
filed and the culprit was prosecuted while 666 cases out of the 713 reports was not filed in Court
because complainants doesnt want to pursue their complaints and are not anymore interested to file a
Mostly, according the WCPD officer, led to pardon by the offended party or the victim opt to move to
another place and just let go of what happened hoping to find peace. Some, lost interest in filing
complaints because of possible public ridicule they might face in the course of the trial, which happens
most in rape cases. And some choose to pardon the perpetrator hoping to have a happy family despite
what happened, this happens in violence committed by the husband to his wife or his common-law
spouse. These are just some of the reasons cited by the victims, which are also reasons why there is
failure to prosecute.
Section 25 of RA 9262 or the VAWC Law provides that Violence against women shall be considered a
public offense, which may be prosecuted upon the filing of a complaint by any citizen having personal
knowledge of the circumstances involving the commission of the crime. This provision of law answers
the problem established by the WCPD. If the VAWC law is a public crime then it should be easier to
prosecute crimes involving violence against women. But why does the 666 reports remained to be
reports?and was not filed in Court?
According the Desk Officer, despite the fact that the crime was already made a public crime. There is still
hesitation on their part to file these cases because several Police Officers were being questioned in
Court for filing cases wherein the victim has already showed disinterest on the case. Several victims
would retract their statements and declare in open Court that no violence had transpired and that they
have already pardoned the perpetrator. So, the filing of complaint still lies with the victim and not with
them alone.
To help lessen crimes involving violations of rights of women and to disseminate information regarding
the rights of women, WCPD-Tabaco conducts Barangay Pulong-pulong an information dissemination
campaign to eradicate violence on women and to make women know their rights according to the law.







The role of women in the Philippines is explained based on the context of Filipino culture, standards,
and mindsets. The Philippines is described to be a nation of strong women, who directly and indirectly
run the family unit, businesses, government agencies and a lot more instrumentalities in the Phililpines.
Although they generally define themselves in the milieu of a male-dominated post-colonial society,
Filipino women live in a culture that is focused on the community, with the family as the main unit of
society. It is in this framework of Philippine hierarchical structure, class differences, religious
justifications, and living in a globally developing nation wherein Filipino women struggle for respect.
Compared to other parts of Southeast Asia, women in Philippine society have always enjoyed a greater
share of legal equality. Mainly because, there are various Philippine laws tend to protect women known
Hence, the plight of primitive filipinas was far beyond compared before a number of colonizers settled in
the Philippines. Some pre-colonial social structures of the Philippines gave equal importance to maternal
and paternal lineage. This bilateral kinship system accorded Philippine women enormous power within a
clan. They were entitled to property, engage in a trade and could exercise their right to divorce her
husband. They could also become village chiefs in the absence of a male heir. Before the arrival of the
Spaniards, Filipino women could also achieve status as medicine women or high-priestesses and
During the last part of the colonization of the Philippines, Isabella II of Spain, introduced the Education
Decree of 1863 (10 years before Japan had a compulsory free modern public education and 40 years
before the United States government started a free modern public school system in the Philippines) that
provided for the establishment and for the building of at least two free primary schools, one for the
boys and another school for the girls, in each town under the responsibility of the municipal
government. When Spain lost the SpanishAmerican War in 1898, the Philippines was ceded to the
United States of America. The U.S.A. introduced a new public education system. Through the Americanpatterned school system, Filipino women became professionals, although most of them and their male
counterparts opted for making use of their former education roots and expressed themselves in Spanish
Now, glimpsing on the modern side, modern-day Philippine women play a decisive role in Filipino
families. They handle the money, act as religious mentors, and could also arrange the marriages of sons
In urban areas, in the past, firms and businesses generally hire Filipino women for less pay and
secretarial functions. But at present, Filipino women are given the same opportunities as their male
counterparts in the business realm. However, in rural areas, the Filipino woman belongs in the home.
The children approach her for money and help. She is the family's treasurer. She supports the childrens
educational needs. For non-family members who require support, the wife is the person to be
approached. However, the wife is neither the person who makes the final decision or the person who





Nevertheless, in general, Filipino women find pride in their work. They do not find themselves alienated
from their chores because they work with, around, and for their families. This family-oriented mindset
gives them a sense of dignity and responsibility. The family and the children are the primary priority in a
Bottommost, compared to other countries, Filipino women have gained and enjoyed equal rights with
men. They have become presidents, senators, congresswomen, mayors. They have served in
government offices, and have held cabinet positions for presidents. Filipino women have proven that
they are capable of carrying out responsibilities and tasks as well as their male counterparts. It just goes
to show that modern-day Filipinas are making strides in electoral politics by initiating more femaleoriented programs. Thus, they are really performing well as leaders of this country.