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Adverb

Adverbs are used to modify verbs. They tell us when, where, how, in what manner, or to what extent an action
is performed. Some examples:
When: He ran yesterday.
Where: He ran here.
How: He ran quickly.
In what manner: He
ran barefoot.
To what extent: He ran fastest.

What Is an Adverb?
An adverb can be added to a verb to modify its meaning. Usually, an adverb tells you when, where, how, in what
manner, or to what extent an action is performed.
Many adverbs end in ly particularly those that are used to express how an action is performed.
Although many adverbs end ly, lots dont, e.g., fast, ever, well, very, most, least, more, less, now, far, and there.

Example
Anita placed the vase carefully on the shelf. (The word carefully is an adverb. It shows how the vase
was placed.)
Tara walks gracefully. (The word gracefully is an adverb. It modifies the verb to walk.)
He runs fast. (The word fast is an adverb. It modifies the verb to run.)
You can set your watch by him. He always leaves at 5 o'clock. (The word always is an adverb. It
modifies the verb to leave.)
The dinner guests arrived early.

(early modifies to arrive)

She sometimes helps us. (sometimes modifies to help)


I am the only person in the world I should like to know thoroughly. (Oscar Wilde)
(thoroughly modifies to know)

Types of Adverbs
Although there are thousands of adverbs, each adverb can usually be categorized in one of the following
groupings:

Adverbs of Time
Press the button now. (now - adverb of time)
I have never been. (never - adverb of time)
I tell him daily. (daily - adverb of time)

Adverbs of Place
Daisies grow everywhere. (everywhere - adverb of place)
I did not put it there. (there - adverb of place)

Adverbs of Manner
He passed the re-sit easily. (easily - adverb of manner)
The lion crawled stealthily. (stealthily - adverb of manner)

Adverbs of Degree
That is the farthest I have ever jumped. (farthest - adverb of degree)
He boxed more cleverly. (more cleverly - adverb of degree and manner.

Adverbs Can Modify Adjectives and Other Adverbs


Although the term adverb implies that they are only used with verbs, adverbs can also modify adjectives and
other adverbs. For example:
Peter had an extremely ashen face. (The adverb extremely modifies the adjective ashen.)
Badly trained dogs that fail the test will become pets. (The adverb badly modifies the
adjective trained.)
(Note: The adjective trained is an adjective formed from the verb to train. It is called a participle.)
She wore a beautifully designed dress. (The adverb beautifully modifies the adjective designed.)
Peter Jackson finished his assignment remarkably quickly.
(The adverb quickly modifies the verb to finish. The adverb remarkably modifies the adverb quickly.)

Preposition
The following are all examples of prepositions:

in, on, at, around, above, near, underneath, alongside, of, and for.

A preposition sits before a noun (or a pronoun) to show the noun's relationship to another word in the
sentence.
A preposition is a word which precedes a noun or a pronoun to show the noun's or the pronoun's relationship
to another word in the sentence.
The word preposition comes from the idea of being positioned before. It is not true to say that a preposition
always precedes a noun or a pronoun, but it does most of the time.
Following are the mostly used preposition:

above, about, across, against, along, among, around, at, before, behind, below, beneath, beside,
between, beyond, by, down, during, except, for, from, in, inside, into, like, near, of, off, on, since, to,
toward, through, under, until, up, upon, with and within.

Examples:

It is a container for butter. (The preposition for shows the relationship between butter and container.)

The eagle soared above the clouds. (The preposition above shows the relationship
between clouds and soared.)

Up
Over
Aboard
Across
along
around
before
beneath
between
by
during
opposite
past
regarding
since
to
under

around
between
about
after

under
to
above
against

amid
as
behind
beside
beyond
despite
except
outside
per
round
than
toward
underneath

among
at
below
besides
but
down
onto
over
plus
save
through
towards