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Project

The Concrete Centre

Spreadsheets to EC2

Client Point No 2 in concourse beam


Location Grid line 1

Made by

rmw
Checked

FLEXURAL CRACK WIDTH CALCULATION to BS EN 1992-1 : 2004


Originated from TCC14.xls v3.1 on CD

2002-2005 BCA for RCC

RECTANGULAR

chg

Date

7-Nov-14

fck =
fyk =
b=
h=
QP moment, M =
Age at cracking =

40
500
500
1000
2093
28

Cement type =
Creep factor, =

N
2.6

Area of tension steel, As =


d=
Area of compression steel, As2 =
d2 =
Maxmum tension bar spacing, S =
Max tension bar dia, eq =

MPa
MPa
mm
mm
KNm
days
(S, N, or R)

Short term or long term ?


Cover to As, c =

8500
940
1000
60
100
25
L
38

mm2
mm
mm2
mm
mm
mm
(S or L)
mm

CALCULATIONS
modulus of elasticity of concrete = 22[(fck+8)/10]0.3

Ecm =

35.2

GPa

moduli of elasticity of steel

Es =

200.0

GPa

Modular ratio

e =

20.44

mean concrete strength at cracking


mean concrete tensile strength
uncracked neutral axis depth
[bh/2+(e-1)(Asd+As2d2)]/[bh+(e-1)(As+As2)]

fcm,t =
fct,eff =

48.00
3.51

MPa
MPa

xu =

593.71

mm

bh/12+bh(h/2-x)+(e-1)[As(d-x)+As2(x-d2)]

Iu =

71413

mm4 106

cracking moment = fctI/(h-x)

Mcr =

616.74

kNm

uncracked 2

nd

moment of area

< 2093 kNm section is CRACKED


fully cracked neutral axis depth

(-Ase-As2(e-1)+[{Ase+As2(e-1)}+2b{Ased+As2d2(e-1)}])/b

xc =

512.10

mm

concrete stress = M/[bx(d-x/3)/2+(e-1)As2(x-d2)/x(d-d2)]


stress in tension steel = ce(d-x)/x

c =
s =

18.425
314.7

effective tension area = min[2.5(h-d), (h-x)/3, h/2]b - As

Ac,eff =

66500

MPa
MPa
mm2

As /Ac,eff
max final crack spacing = min[1.3/(h-x),3.4c+0.17/p,eff)]

p,eff =

0.1278

sr,max =

160.8

mm

sm-cm =
Wk =

1375.3

strain

0.221

mm

average strain for crack width calculation


CALCULATED CRACK WIDTH

202

Revision Job No

LEGEND

INPUT

Page

FB625

Project

Spreadsheets to EC2

Client Point No 2 in concourse beam


Location Grid line 2
FLEXURAL CRACK WIDTH CALCULATION to BS EN 1992-1 : 2004
Originated from TCC14.xls v3.1 on CD

2002-2005 BCA for RCC

COMPRESSION

LEGEND

INPUT
fck =
fyk =
bw =
h=
bf =
hf =
QP moment, M =
Age at cracking =
Cement type =
Creep factor, =
CALCULATIONS

Area of tension steel, As =


35
MPa
500
MPa
Area of compression steel, As2 =
300
mm
450
mm
Maxmum tension bar spacing, S =
2170
mm
Max tension bar dia, eq =
125
mm
114.2
KNm
Short term or long term ?
Cover to As, c =
14
days
R
(S, N, or R)
2.0
modulus of elasticity of concrete = 22[(f ck+8)/10]0.3
moduli of elasticity of steel
Modular ratio

mean concrete strength at cracking


mean concrete tensile strength
uncracked neutral axis depth
[bwh/2+(bf-bw)hf/2+(e-1)(Asd+As2d2)]/[bwh+(bf-bw)hf+(e-1)(As+As2)]
uncracked 2nd moment of area
bwh/12+bwh(h/2-x)+(bf-bw)hf/12+(bf-bw)hf(x-hf/2)+(e-1)[As(d-x)+As2(x-d2)]
cracking moment = fctI/(h-x)

< 114.2 kNm


fully cracked x (within flange)
concrete stress (x within flange)
stress in tension steel = ce(d-x)/x
effective tension area = min[2.5(h-d), (h-x)/3, h/2]b w - As
As /Ac,eff
max final crack spacing = min[1.3/(h-x),3.4c+0.17/p,eff)]
average strain for crack width calculation
CALCULATED CRACK WIDTH

The Concrete Centre


Made by

rmw
TEE IN
COMPRESSION

Checked

chg

Date

7-Nov-14

33

Revision Job No

Area of tension steel, As =


d=
rea of compression steel, As2 =
d2 =
xmum tension bar spacing, S =
Max tension bar dia, eq =
Short term or long term ?
Cover to As, c =

1473
399.5
236
33
87
25
L
38

mm2

Ecm =

34.1

GPa

Es =

200.0

GPa

e =

17.61

fcm,t =
fct,eff =

39.58
2.95

MPa
MPa

xu =

138.21

mm

Iu =

6653

mm4 106

Mcr =

63.05

kNm

mm
mm2
mm
mm
mm
(S or L)
mm

neutral axis depth

Page

moment of area

FB625

section is CRACKED
xc =
85.53
c =
3.234
s =
209.0

mm
MPa
MPa
mm2

Ac,eff =

34974

p,eff =

0.0421

sr,max =

230.1

mm

sm-cm =
Wk =

800.8

strain

0.184

mm

OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS
ENTER DATA IN BLUE CELLS ONLY.
RED MESSAGES INDICATE ENTRY ERRORS.

Table 3.1

Table 3.1 & equation (3.4)


Table 3.1

Below
x is within flange

Within

Below

7.3.2 (3)

Within

7.3.4 (2)
Equations (7.11) & (7.14)
Equation (7.9)
Equation (7.8)

-150

263604.55

25099852

90.5519 bx^2/2 - bx^2 - x[(bf-bw)hf + (ae-1)As' + ae.As] + (bf-bw)hf^2/2

-1085

29854.548

10490477

85.5292 bf.x^2/2 - bf.x^2 - x[(ae-1)As' + ae.As] + (ae-1)As'd' + ae.As.d =

f
33.657

z
200.57774

m
5.9594776

3.75527
3.23423 M/[bfx(d-x/3)/2+(e-1)As2(x-d2)/x(d-d2)]

-bw)hf + (ae-1)As' + ae.As] + (bf-bw)hf^2/2 + (ae-1)As'd' + ae.As.d = 0

(ae-1)As' + ae.As] + (ae-1)As'd' + ae.As.d = 0

1)As2(x-d2)/x(d-d2)]

Project

Spreadsheets to EC2

Client Point No 2 in concourse beam


Location Grid line 2
TEE IN
TENSION

FLEXURAL CRACK WIDTH CALCULATION to BS EN 1992-1 : 2004


Originated from TCC14.xls v3.1 on CD

2002-2005 BCA for RCC

LEGEND

INPUT
fck =
fyk =
bw =
h=
bf =
hf =
QP moment, M =
Age at cracking =
Cement type =
Creep factor, =
CALCULATIONS

Area of tension steel, As =


35
MPa
d=
500
MPa
Area of compression steel, As2 =
300
mm
d2 =
450
mm
Maxmum
tension
bar
spacing,
S=
1222
mm
Max tension bar dia, eq =
125
mm
147
KNm
Short term or long term ?
Cover to As, c =
14
days
R
(S, N, or R)
2.0
modulus of elasticity of concrete = 22[(f ck+8)/10]0.3
Ecm =
moduli of elasticity of steel

Es =

Modular ratio

e =

mean concrete strength at cracking


mean concrete tensile strength
uncracked neutral axis depth
[bwh/2+(bf-bw)hf(h-hf/2)+(e-1)(Asd+As2d2)]/[bwh+(bf-bw)hf+(e-1)(As+As2)]

fcm,t =
fct,eff =
xu =

uncracked 2nd moment of area


bwh/12+bwh(h/2-x)+(bf-bw)hf/12+(bf-bw)hf(h-x-hf/2)+(e-1)[As(d-x)+As2(x-d2)]

Iu =

cracking moment = fctI/(h-x)

Mcr =

< 147 kNm section is


fully cracked neutral axis depth

(-Ase-As2(e-1)+[{Ase+As2(e-1)}+2b{Ased+As2d2(e-1)}])/bw

xc =

concrete stress = M/[bx(d-x/3)/2+(e-1)As2(x-d2)/x(d-d2)]


stress in tension steel = ce(d-x)/x
height of tension zone = min[2.5(h-d), (h-x)/3, h/2]

c =
s =
hc,eff =

effective tension area

Ac,eff =

As /Ac,eff
max final crack spacing = min[1.3/(h-x),3.4c+0.17/p,eff)]

p,eff =

average strain for crack width calculation


CALCULATED CRACK WIDTH

sr,max =
sm-cm =
Wk =

The Concrete Centre

OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS

Made by

ENTER DATA IN BLUE CELLS ONLY.


RED MESSAGES INDICATE ENTRY ERRORS.

rmw
Checked

chg

Date

7-Nov-14

Page

33

Revision Job No

FB625

1000
417
236
34
87.4
10
L
28

mm

mm
mm
mm
(S or L)
mm

34.1

GPa

Table 3.1

200.0

GPa

mm
mm2

17.61
39.58
2.95

MPa
MPa

303.18

mm

Table 3.1 & equation (3.4)


Table 3.1
' =

4572

mm4 106

92.01

kNm

CRACKED

162.73

mm

14.638
402.7
82.50

MPa
MPa
mm
mm2

99815

s > 0.8fyk
7.3.2 (3)
7.3.4 (2)

0.0100
264.9

mm

Equations (7.11) & (7.14)

1319.6

strain

Equation (7.9)

0.350

mm

Equation (7.8)

0.0019

= 0.0080

National Annex values


EC2 Ref

Value

7.2 (2)

Function
k1

0.6

stress limit - concrete

7.2 (3)

k2

0.45

linear creep limit

7.2 (5)

k3

0.8

stress limit - steel

7.3.4 (3)

k3

3.4

Equation (7.11) factor

7.3.4 (3)

k4

0.425

Equation (7.11) factor

Notes

Disclaimer

All advice or information from the British Cement Association and/or The Concrete Centre is intended fo
those who will evaluate the significance and limitations of its contents and take responsibility for its use an
application. No liability (including that for negligence) for any loss resulting from such advice or informatio
is accepted by the BCA, TCC or their subcontractors, suppliers or advisors. Users should note that all TC
software and publications are subject to revision from time to time and should therefore ensure that the
are in possession of the latest version.

This spreadsheet should be used in compliance with the accompanying publication 'User Guide R
Spreadsheets: v3' available from The Concrete Bookshop, www.concretebookshop.com, Tel +44 (0)700
607777 or +44 (0)1276 607140

Status of spreadsheet
First public release

Revision history TCC14 Crack Width

Date

Version

28-Feb-07

TCC14 v3.1

28-Jun-06

TCC14 v3.0

3-Feb-05

TCC14 v1.0

30-Apr-03

RCCen14 4

26-Mar-03

RCCen14 3

21-Dec-01

RCCen14 2

31-Aug-01

RCCen14 1

Page 18

Notes

ormation from the British Cement Association and/or The Concrete Centre is intended for
valuate the significance and limitations of its contents and take responsibility for its use and
liability (including that for negligence) for any loss resulting from such advice or information
he BCA, TCC or their subcontractors, suppliers or advisors. Users should note that all TCC
blications are subject to revision from time to time and should therefore ensure that they
of the latest version.

t should be used in compliance with the accompanying publication 'User Guide RC


3' available from The Concrete Bookshop, www.concretebookshop.com, Tel +44 (0)700 4
)1276 607140

This spreadsheet is shareware. It may be distributed freely, but may


not be used for commercial purposes until the user has registered
with the TCC via The Concrete Bookshop.

y TCC14 Crack Width

Action

Size (kB)

Correction to calculation of Aceff and cracked x for rectangular


sections. Default cement type changed to 'R'.

919

v3 release. Page nos, User Guide and registration details amended.

918

Tee sections added. RE-BADGED

924

Correction to use of equation (7.14).

258

Updatd to November 2002 draft.

258

Updated to final draft.

266

First issue for in-house comment

266

Page 19

Notes

Page 20